The Political Uses of Expert Knowledge

Immigration Policy and Social Research

Author: Christina Boswell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521517419

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 3618

A compelling account of how politicians and officials use expert research to establish credibility in contentious areas of policy.
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Integrating Immigrants in Europe

Research-Policy Dialogues

Author: Peter Scholten,Han Entzinger,Rinus Penninx,Stijn Verbeek

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331916256X

Category: Social Science

Page: 343

View: 2325

This open access book explores how research and policymaking in the field of migrant integration have developed historically and how this interrelationship plays out in the strongly politicised climate of opinions on migration in Europe. It features interdisciplinary theoretical contributions as well as original empirical studies on research-policy dialogues at both the EU and country level. The chapters study not only how the dialogue between research and policy is structured (such as advisory bodies, research agencies, and ad-hoc committees), but also how these dialogues affect policymaking and the development of migrant integration research itself as well. The analysis reveals profound changes in the dialogue structures associated with the research-policy nexus in the domain of migrant integration. On the one hand, dialogue structures have become more ad-hoc, often established in response to distinct political events or to specific problems. On the other, politicisation has not thwarted all efforts to develop more institutionalised dialogue structures between producers and users of knowledge. In addition, research has contributed to policymaking in very different ways in various European countries. This edited volume is unique in this effort to reflect on the impact of research-policy dialogues both on the development of migrant integration policies as well as on migrant integration research. It will be of importance to scholars in this field as well as to policymakers and other stakeholders involved in migrant integration policymaking.
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Asyl verwalten

Zur bürokratischen Bearbeitung eines gesellschaftlichen Problems

Author: Christian Lahusen,Stephanie Schneider

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839433320

Category: Political Science

Page: 258

View: 836

Wie gehen Verwaltungsbehörden mit den oftmals komplexen und eigensinnigen Geschichten von Flucht und Asyl um, wie wird daraus ein »Fall« und wie entsteht eine Entscheidung? Im Kontext europäischer Koordinierungsversuche sind solche Fragen nicht nur von wissenschaftlicher, sondern auch von gesellschaftlicher und politischer Relevanz. Dieser Band trägt zu einem besseren Verständnis der Strukturen und Veränderungen lokaler Verwaltungspraxis in einem hoch brisanten, umkämpften und folgenreichen Handlungsbereich bei. Er versammelt Beiträge, die sich aus soziologischer, sozialanthropologischer und politikwissenschaftlicher Perspektive mit behördlichem Handeln an unterschiedlichen Orten Europas befassen.
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The Politics of Expertise in International Organizations

How International Bureaucracies Produce and Mobilize Knowledge

Author: Annabelle Littoz-Monnet

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1134879717

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 7644

This edited volume advances existing research on the production and use of expert knowledge by international bureaucracies. Given the complexity, technicality and apparent apolitical character of the issues dealt with in global governance arenas, ‘evidence-based’ policy-making has imposed itself as the best way to evaluate the risks and consequences of political action in global arenas. In the absence of alternative, democratic modes of legitimation, international organizations have adopted this approach to policy-making. By treating international bureaucracies as strategic actors, this volume address novel questions: why and how do international bureaucrats deploy knowledge in policy-making? Where does the knowledge they use come from, and how can we retrace pathways between the origins of certain ideas and their adoption by international administrations? What kind of evidence do international bureaucrats resort to, and with what implications? Which types of knowledge are seen as authoritative, and why? This volume makes a crucial contribution to our understanding of the way global policy agendas are shaped and propagated. It will be of great interest to scholars, policy-makers and practitioners in the fields of public policy, international relations, global governance and international organizations.
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Xenophobia and Islamophobia in Europe

Author: Raymond Taras

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748654895

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 5905

This cross-national analysis of Islamophobia looks at these questions in an innovative, even-handed way, steering clear of politically-correct cliches and stereotypes. It cautions that Islamophobia is a serious threat to European values and norms, and mus
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Interpretation in International Law

Author: Andrea Bianchi,Daniel Peat,Matthew Windsor

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191038709

Category: Law

Page: 380

View: 4711

International lawyers have long recognised the importance of interpretation to their academic discipline and professional practice. As new insights on interpretation abound in other fields, international law and international lawyers have largely remained wedded to a rule-based approach, focusing almost exclusively on the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. Such an approach neglects interpretation as a distinct and broader field of theoretical inquiry. Interpretation in International Law brings international legal scholars together to engage in sustained reflection on the theme of interpretation. The book is creatively structured around the metaphor of the game, which captures and illuminates the constituent elements of an act of interpretation. The object of the game of interpretation is to persuade the audience that one's interpretation of the law is correct. The rules of play are known and complied with by the players, even though much is left to their skills and strategies. There is also a meta-discourse about the game of interpretation - 'playing the game of game-playing' - which involves consideration of the nature of the game, its underlying stakes, and who gets to decide by what rules one should play. Through a series of diverse contributions, Interpretation in International Law reveals interpretation as an inescapable feature of all areas of international law. It will be of interest and utility to all international lawyers whose work touches upon theoretical or practical aspects of interpretation.
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Manufacturing Political Trust

Targets and Performance Measurement in Public Policy

Author: Christina Boswell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108373089

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 5906

Measurement and targets have been widely criticised as distorting policy and engendering gaming - yet they continue to be widely used in government. This book offers an original new account explaining the persistent appeal of performance measurement. It argues that targets have been adopted to address a crisis of trust in politics, through creating more robust mechanisms of accountability and monitoring. The book shows that such tools rarely have their intended effect. Through an in-depth analysis of UK targets on immigration and asylum since 2000, it shows that far from shoring up trust, targets have engendered cynicism and distrust in government. Moreover, they have encouraged intrusive forms of monitoring and reform in public administration, with damaging consequences for trust between politicians and civil servants. Despite these problems, performance measurement has now become embedded in techniques of public management. It has also become normalised as a way of framing policy problems and responses. Thus despite their acknowledged problems, targets are likely to retain their allure as techniques of political communication and governance.
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Migrationsreport

Author: Michael Bommes,Marianne Krüger-Potratz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783593387789

Category: Europe

Page: N.A

View: 7257

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Political Science Quarterly

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social sciences

Page: N.A

View: 9859

Vols. 4-38, 40-41 include Record of political events, Oct. 1, 1888-Dec. 31, 1925 (issued as a separately paged supplement to no. 3 of v. 31- 38 and to no. 1 of v. 40)
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Immigration Policy and Security

U.S., European, and Commonwealth Perspectives

Author: Terri Givens,Gary P. Freeman,David L. Leal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113585338X

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 7482

Immigration policy in the United States, Europe, and the Commonwealth went under the microscope after the terror attacks of 9/11 and the subsequent events in London, Madrid, and elsewhere. We have since seen major changes in the bureaucracies that regulate immigration—but have those institutional dynamics led to significant changes in the way borders are controlled, the numbers of immigrants allowed to enter, or national asylum policies? This book examines a broad range of issues and cases in order to better understand if, how, and why immigration policies and practices have changed in these countries in response to the threat of terrorism. In a thorough analysis of border policies, the authors also address how an intensification of immigration politics can have severe consequences for the social and economic circumstances of national minorities of immigrant origin.
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Handbuch Educational Governance Theorien

Author: Roman Langer,Thomas Brüsemeister

Publisher: Springer VS

ISBN: 9783658222369

Category: Education

Page: 791

View: 6686

Das Handbuch fasst die aktuelle Theoriediskussion der Educational Governance zusammen und hat gleichzeitig zum Ziel, deren Weiterentwicklung zu forcieren. Verschiedene Theorien und Konzepte, die unter der Forschungsperspektive bereits eingesetzt werden, werden beschrieben, diskutiert und auf ihren Erklärungswert hin überprüft.
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Suspect Families

DNA Analysis, Family Reunification and Immigration Policies

Author: Torsten Heinemann,Ilpo Helén,Thomas Lemke,Ursula Naue,Martin G. Weiss

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472424263

Category: Social Science

Page: 144

View: 9052

Suspect Families is the first book to investigate the social, political, and ethical implications of parental testing for family reunification in immigration cases. Drawing on policy documents, legal frameworks, case study material and interviews with representatives of governmental and non-governmental organisation and immigration authorities, immigration lawyers, geneticists and applicants for family reunification, the book analyses the different political regimes and social arrangements in which DNA analysis is adopted for decision-making on family reunification in three distinct European countries: Austria, Finland and Germany. Interdisciplinary in scope, the book reconstructs the processes, institutional logic and the political and administrative practices of DNA testing from a comparative perspective, combining theoretical conceptualisation with detailed empirical work to explore the central societal, political and ethical issues raised by the use of DNA profiling in the context of immigration policy. A ground-breaking study of the role played by new technologies in migration decisions, Suspect Families will appeal to scholars of sociology, political science, science and technology studies and surveillance studies.
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The Handbook of Community Practice

Author: Marie Weil,Michael S. Reisch,Mary L. Ohmer

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452289972

Category: Social Science

Page: 968

View: 3852

The Second Edition of The Handbook of Community Practice is expanded and updated with a major global focus and serves as a comprehensive guidebook of community practice grounded in social justice and human rights. It utilizes community and practice theories and encompasses community development, organizing, planning, social change, policy practice, program development, service coordination, organizational cultural competency, and community-based research in relation to global poverty and community empowerment. This is also the first community practice text to provide combined and in-depth treatment of globalization and international development practice issues—including impacts on communities in the United States and on international development work. The Handbook is grounded in participatory and empowerment practices, including social change, social and economic development, feminist practice, community-collaborative, and engagement in diverse communities. It utilizes the social development perspective and employs analyses of persistent poverty, asset development, policy practice, and community research approaches as well as providing strategies for advocacy and social and legislative action. The handbook consists of forty chapters which challenge readers to examine and assess practice, theory, and research methods. As it expands on models and approaches, delineates emerging issues, and connects policy and practice, the book provides vision and strategies for local to global community practice in the coming decades. The handbook will continue to stand as the central text and reference for comprehensive community practice, and will be useful for years to come as it emphasizes direction for positive change, new developments in community approaches, and focuses attention on globalization, human rights, and social justice. It will continue to be used as a core text for multiple courses within programs, will have long term application for students of community practice, and will provide practitioners with new grounding for development, planning, organizing, and empowerment and social change work.
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Anti-Italianism

Essays on a Prejudice

Author: W. Connell,F. Gardaphé

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230115322

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 4480

There has been an odd reluctance on the part of historians of the Italian American experience to confront the discrimination faced by Italians and Americans of Italian ancestry. This volume is a bold attempt by an esteemed group of scholars and writers to discuss the question openly by charting the historical and cultural boundaries of stereotypes, prejudice, and assimilation. Contributors offer a continuous series of cultural encounters and experiences in television, literature, and film that deserve the attention of anyone interested in the larger themes of American history.
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