The Political Economy of Refugee Migration and Foreign Aid

Author: M. Czaika

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023027420X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 205

View: 4257

This book explores the determinants of forced migration and its political implications from an economic perspective. It describes the distribution of burdens from forced migration across countries, and analyzes the strategic interaction of national refugee policies to control refugee flows.
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Migration and Refugee Policies in Germany

New European Limits of Control?

Author: Andreas Ette

Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich

ISBN: 3847410776

Category: Social Science

Page: 314

View: 4749

International migration is one of the most controversial political topics today which demands innovative approaches of global and regional governance. The book provides a fresh theoretical framework to understand European responses to the international migration of people and explains the dynamics of Germany’s migration and refugee policy during the last two decades. Against traditional theories and their inherent focus on the national political sphere, the book highlights supranational and multi-level political processes as increasingly important factors to account for national policy changes. Confronted with the most recent developments of international migration, the study offers students and practitioners the necessary background to participate in today’s debates.
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Routledge Handbook of Immigration and Refugee Studies

Author: Anna Triandafyllidou

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317638778

Category: Social Science

Page: 390

View: 3183

The Routledge Handbook of Immigration and Refugee Studies offers a comprehensive and unique study of the multi-disciplinary field of international migration and asylum studies. Utilising contemporary information and analysis, this innovative Handbook provides an in depth examination of legal migration management in the labour market and its affect upon families in relation to wider issues of migrant integration and citizenship. With a comprehensive collection of essays written by leading contributors from a broad range of disciplines including sociology of migration, human geography, legal studies, political sciences and economics, the Handbook is a truly multi-disciplinary book approaching the critical questions of: Migration and the labour market Integration and citizenship Migration, families and welfare Irregular migration smuggling and trafficking in human beings asylum and forced migration. Organised into short thematic and geographical chapters the Routledge Handbook of Immigration and Refugee Studies provides a concise overview on the different topics and world regions, as well as useful guidance for both the starting and the more experienced reader. The Handbook’s expansive content and illustrative style will appeal to both students and professionals studying in the field of migration and international organisations.
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Refugee Economies

Forced Displacement and Development

Author: Alexander Betts,Louise Bloom,Josiah Kaplan,Naohiko Omata

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198795688

Category:

Page: 288

View: 1639

Refugees have rarely been studied by economists. Despite some pioneering research on the economic lives of refugees, there remains a lack of theory and empirical data through which to understand, and build upon, refugees' own engagement with markets. Yet, understanding these economic systems may hold the key to rethinking our entire approach to refugee assistance. If we can improve our knowledge of the resource allocation systems that shape refugees' lives and opportunities, then we may be able to understand the mechanisms through which these market-based systems can be made to work better and turn humanitarian challenges into sustainable opportunities. This book adopts an inter-disciplinary approach, based on original qualitative and quantitative data on the economic life of refugees, in order to begin to build theory on the economic lives of refugees. It focuses on the case of Uganda because it represents a relatively positive case. Unlike other governments in the region, it has taken the positive step to allow refugees the right to work and a significant degree of freedom of movement through it so-called 'Self-Reliance Strategy'. This allows a unique opportunity to explore what is possible when refugees have basic economic freedoms. The book shows that refugees have complex and varied economic lives, often being highly entrepreneurial and connected to the global economy. The implications are simple but profound: far from being an inevitable burden, refugees have the capacity to help themselves and contribute to their host societies - if we let them
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High-Skilled Migration

Drivers and Policies

Author: Mathias Czaika

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198815271

Category:

Page: 416

View: 1792

Political and scientific debates on migration policies have mostly focused on governments' efforts to control or reduce low-skilled, asylum, and irregular migration or to encourage the return migration of these categories. Less research and constructive discourse has been conducted on the roleand effectiveness of policies to attract or retain high-skilled workers. An improved understanding of the drivers and dynamics of high-skilled migration is essential for effective policy-making, as most highly developed and emerging economies experience growing shortages of high-skilled laboursupply in certain occupations and sectors, and skilled immigration is often viewed as one way of addressing these. Simplistic assumptions that high-skilled migrants are primarily in pursuit of higher wages raise the expectation that policies which open channels for high-skilled immigration are generally successful. Although many countries have introduced policies aimed at attracting and facilitating therecruitment of high-skilled workers, not all recruitment efforts have had the desired effects, and anecdotal evidence on the effectiveness of these programmes is rather mixed. The reason is that the rather narrow focus on migration policy coincides with a lack of systematic and rigorousconsideration of other economic, social, and political drivers of migration, which may be equally - or sometimes even more - important than migration policies per se. A better understanding of migration policies, their making, consequences and limitations, requires a systematic knowledge of thebroader economic, social and political structures and their interaction in both origin and destination countries. This book enhances this vibrant field of social scientific enquiry by providing a systematic, multidisciplinary, and global analysis of policies driving international high-skilled migration processes in their interaction with other migration drivers at the individual, city, national, andinternational level.
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After Involuntary Migration

The Political Economy of Refugee Encampments

Author: Milica Zarkovic Bookman

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739104279

Category: Political Science

Page: 233

View: 7218

In Palestine, Afghanistan, the United States, and many other places all over the world, millions of involuntarily displaced people struggle to survive in refugee camps, reservations, and internally displaced resettlement communities that have become permanent communities of their own. Bookman (economics, St. Josephs U.) examines the political economy of these communities from an international comparative perspective. Macroeconomic and microeconomic characteristics are described and the place of the communities in state and international contexts is examined. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Die Chancen der Globalisierung

Author: Joseph Stiglitz

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641051304

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 448

View: 9167

Wir wissen, was an der Globalisierung faul ist. Joseph Stiglitz sagt uns, wie sie funktionieren kann. Der Nobelpreisträger Joseph Stiglitz kehrt mit diesem Buch zurück zu den Fragen seines Bestsellers »Die Schatten der Globalisierung«. Er untersucht, welche Veränderungen die Weltwirtschaftsordnung in den letzten Jahren erlebt hat und erläutert die großen politischen Herausforderungen, vor denen wir heute stehen. Vor allem entwickelt er seine Vision einer gerechteren Zukunft und zeigt konkrete Wege aus der Globalisierungsfalle auf. Der weltweite Wohlstand nimmt infolge der Globalisierung zwar insgesamt zu, doch auch das Gefälle zwischen Reich und Arm wird immer größer. Seitdem Stiglitz mit seinem Bestseller „Die Schatten der Globalisierung“ für Furore sorgte, hat sich das Bewusstsein für dieses Ungleichgewicht und für die Gefahren sozialer Ungerechtigkeit geschärft. Doch den zahlreichen Bekenntnissen für eine gerechtere Welt müssen nun politische Taten folgen. An diesem Punkt setzt das neue Buch des Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträgers an. Auf der Grundlage seiner wissenschaftlichen Forschung und seiner Erfahrungen in der politischen Praxis zeigt Stiglitz, wie die Chancen für positive Veränderungen, die in der fortschreitenden Globalisierung liegen, genutzt werden können. Dabei spricht er zahlreiche Themen an, die uns in Europa, in den USA aber auch in den sich entwickelnden Ländern auf den Nägeln brennen. Ob es um weltweites Outsourcing geht oder um Energieprobleme, die notwenige Reform des weltweiten Währungssystems oder die Kontrolle transnationaler Konzerne – stets behält Stiglitz das Machbare im Auge. Joseph Stiglitz ist Nobelpreisträger und auch hierzulande ein gefragter Autor.
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Global Migrants, Global Refugees

Problems and Solutions

Author: Aristide R. Zolberg,Peter Benda

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571811707

Category: History

Page: 369

View: 3461

In recent years, several influential commentators have stated or strongly implied that the advanced industrial democracies are today being overwhelmed by a host of problems - including rapid population growth, the breakup of multi-ethnic states, environmental degredation, and increasing economic differentials between the "developing" and "developed" worlds - for which no effective solutions are at hand. The migration-inducing potential of these post-Cold War developments has been a particular source of concern. This volume provides a counter-catastrophic view of developments and a more sober and balanced assessment of the challenges the United States and other industrial democracies face in the sphere of international migration than that offered in recent years. The first part is devoted to a diagnosis of the problem, revalution of the notion of a "migration crisis" by examining the likely consequences of population growth, environmental degredation, and political conflict in the developing and post-communist worlds. Special attention is also given to the manifestations of these forces in the western hemisphere where they may have direct consequences for immigration to the United States. In the second part the implications for U.S. policy are considered, ranging from promotion of democracy and development of strategies for minimizing international migrations and refugee flows to the intricacies of humanitarian relief and intervention when preventive measures prove ineffective. Aristide R. ZolbergProfessor of Political Science and Director of the International Center for Migration, Ethnicity, and Citizenship at the Graduate Faculty, New School University, New York. Peter M. Bendais Associate Director of the Center on Policy Attitudes and the Program on International Policy Attitudes, Washington D.C.
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The Political Economy of the Asian Financial Crisis

Author: Stephan Haggard

Publisher: Peterson Institute

ISBN: 9780881322835

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 5642

This study not only examines the countries most severely affected by the Asian financial crisis, but also draws lessons from those whose economies escaped the worst problems. The author focuses on the political economy of the crisis, emphasizing long-standing problems and crisis management tactics.
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Öl und Souveränität

Petroknowledge und Energiepolitik in den USA und Westeuropa in den 1970er Jahren

Author: Rüdiger Graf

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110348756

Category: History

Page: 454

View: 8199

Im ökonomischen Boom der Nachkriegsjahrzehnte wuchs die Bedeutung des Öls für das Funktionieren moderner Wirtschafts- und Gesellschaftsordnungen und damit auch für die Legitimität liberal-demokratischer Staatsgebilde. Als die OPEC im Oktober 1973 den Ölpreis drastisch erhöhte und die OAPEC die Öllieferung beschränkte, um Druck im Nahostkonflikt auszuüben, kam dies weder plötzlich noch überraschend, zeigte aber in aller Deutlichkeit, dass die Politik in Westeuropa und den USA von einer Grundlage abhing, die sie selbst nicht kontrollieren konnte. Regierungen begegneten dieser Herausforderung ihrer Souveränität mit einem Ensemble von nationalen und internationalen Maßnahmen vom Ausbau des ölbezogenen Wissens, des Petroknowledge, über die Umstrukturierung der Energiesektoren bis zu diplomatischen Initiativen, um die Welt des Öls neu zu ordnen. Die Untersuchung dieser souveränitätspolitischen Strategien und ihrer medialen Kommunikation verortet die Ölkrise in den Transformationsprozessen der 1970er Jahre und legt zugleich deren historiographische Neubewertung als Beginn unserer Zeit nahe.
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Die neue Odyssee

Eine Geschichte der europäischen Flüchtlingskrise

Author: Patrick Kingsley

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406692281

Category: Political Science

Page: 332

View: 1402

Europa ist mit der größten Migrationsbewegung seit dem Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs konfrontiert – und niemand hat intensiver über diese Krise berichtet als Patrick Kingsley. Der erst 26 Jahre alte Reporter des "Guardian" hat 2015 drei Kontinente und 17 Länder bereist, Hunderte von Migranten getroffen und mit ihnen die Fluchtrouten durch Wüsten, über Berge und Meere zurückgelegt. Dieses Buch erzählt ihre Geschichte. Patrick Kingsley legt ein hohes Tempo vor. Er reist mit dem Syrer Hashem al-Souki auf dem Zug, trinkt selbstgebrannten (und verbotenen) Schnaps mit dem libyschen Menschenschmuggler Haji, der einmal Jurastudent war, marschiert mit Fattemah Abu al-Rouse, der schwangeren syrischen Lehrerin, die Angst hat, ihr Kind zu verlieren, durch die Wildnis des Balkans, ist an Bord eines Bootes im Mittelmeer. Er schildert, wie das Multi-Millionen-Dollar-Geschäft mit dem Menschenhandel in Libyen, der Türkei und Ägypten organisiert wird. Er zeigt, wie lokale Kaufleute und korrupte Politiker in Italien vom Elend der Menschen profitieren. Er beschreibt die Fluchtrouten, hinterfragt die Ursachen der Krise und die Gründe für die bedrückende Reaktion so vieler Europäer. "Die neue Odyssee" ist ein großartiges Buch, das niemand so leicht vergisst, der es gelesen hat.
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The Union and the World

The Political Economy of a Common European Foreign Policy

Author: Alan W. Cafruny,Patrick Peters

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041105004

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 2875

During the last decade Europe has been transformed both politically and commercially. The establishment of a genuinely single marketplace in the context of an expanding membership has enabled the European Union greatly to enhance its role on the world stage. In the areas of trade and commercial policy the Union increasingly speaks with one voice. As a result of the Maastricht Treaty on Economic and Political Union of 1993, a process has been set in motion whereby the embryonic mechanisms of a common foreign policy (European Political Cooperation or EPC) are gradually evolving into a more comprehensive Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). The contributors to this volume describe and evaluate the nature and extent to which the European Union plays an independent role in international affairs. This pioneering work makes an important contribution to the literature on the European Union since the chapters present a comprehensive picture of the Union's foreign economic policies and actions, its foreign security policy, and the supranational nature of much Union decision-making. The book is significant, not only because of its dual focus on economics as well as politics, but also because it comprehensively covers the broad range of Union policies in both the economic and political spheres. The intended level of readership is undergraduate courses on the EU and on European politics; upper level undergraduate courses in International Relations; and graduate survey courses on the EU. The book is sufficiently comprehensive and instructive to achieve a wide readership, especially in North America and the UK.
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Aid in Place of Migration?

Selected Contributions to an ILO-UNHCR Meeting

Author: W. R. Böhning,International Labour Office

Publisher: International Labour Organization

ISBN: 9789221087496

Category: Social Science

Page: 253

View: 4701

This book contains a selection of case studies prepared for an ILO-UNHCR meeting on international aid as a means to reduce the need for emigration. It considers international assistance to and migration from Eastern Europe, the Horn of Africa, Central America, the Philippines, Tunisia and Turkey, as well as looking more generally at refugee policy in the post-Cold War world and at reducing emigration pressure through foreign aid.
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Seeking Refuge

Central American Migration to Mexico, the United States, and Canada

Author: María Cristina García

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520247019

Category: History

Page: 273

View: 2249

Tells the story of the 20th-century Central American migration, and how domestic and foreign policy interests shaped the asylum policies of Mexico, the United States, and Canada.
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Mambo Montage

The Latinization of New York City

Author: Agustín Laó-Montes,Arlene Dávila

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231505442

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 3733

New York is the capital of mambo and a global factory of latinidad. This book covers the topic in all its multifaceted aspects, from Jim Crow baseball in the first half of the twentieth century to hip hop and ethno-racial politics, from Latinas and labor unions to advertising and Latino culture, from Cuban cuisine to the language of signs in New York City. Together the articles map out the main conceptions of Latino identity as well as the historical process of Latinization of New York. Mambo Montage is both a way of imagining latinidad and an angle of vision on the city.
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Transforming Foreign Aid

United States Assistance in the 21st Century

Author: Carol Lancaster

Publisher: Peterson Institute

ISBN: 9780881322910

Category: Political Science

Page: 114

View: 4478

The phenomenon of foreign aid began at the end of World War II and has survived the Cold War. How should the United States now spend its foreign aid to support its interests and values in the new century? In this study, Carol Lancaster takes a fresh look at all US foreign aid programs and asks whether their purposes, organization and management are appropriate to US interests and values in the world of the 21st century. Lancaster finds that US aid in the new century, if it is to be an effective tool of US foreign policy, needs to be transformed. Its purposes need to be refocused and its organization and management brought into line with those purposes. Those purposes include support for peace-making, addressing transnational issues, providing for humane concerns and responding to humanitarian emergencies. Traditional programs aimed at promoting development, democracy and economic and political transitions in former socialist countries will not disappear but they will have less priority than inthe past. These new sets of purposes, promoting both US interests and values abroad, also offer a policy paradigm around which a new political consensus can be created that will support US aid in the 21st century.Transforming Foreign Aid should be of particular interest to professors, students, and researchers of international affairs, foreign policy, political science, and political economy.
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Homo sacer

Die souveräne Macht und das nackte Leben

Author: Giorgio Agamben

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351878420X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 1008

Der homo sacer ist die Verkörperung einer archaischen römischen Rechtsfigur: Zwar durfte er straflos getötet, nicht aber geopfert werden, was auch seine Tötung sinnlos und ihn gleichsam unberührbar machte – woraus sich der Doppelsinn von sacer als ›verflucht‹ und ›geheiligt‹ ableitet. Giorgio Agamben stellt im Anschluß an Foucault und als philosophische Korrektur von dessen Konzept der Biopolitik die These auf, daß Biopolitik, indem sie den Menschen auf einen biologischen Nullwert zurückzuführen versucht, das nackte Leben zum eigentlichen Subjekt der Moderne macht. Ausgehend von Carl Schmitts Souveränitätskonzept, kommt Agamben zu einer Interpretation des Konzentrationslagers als »nomos der Moderne«, wo Recht und Tat, Regel und Ausnahme, Leben und Tod ununterscheidbar werden. In den zwischen Leben und Tod siechenden Häftlingen, aber auch in den Flüchtlingen von heute sieht er massenhaft real gewordene Verkörperungen des homo sacer und des nackten Lebens. Die philosophische Begründung dessen, daß diese Möglichkeit keineswegs nur historisch ist, hat eine Diskussion entfacht, die weit über Italien und Europa hinausreicht.
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Refugees and international relations

Author: Gil Loescher,Laila Monahan

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 430

View: 3350

Cuny and Barry Stein.
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Journeys of Fear

Refugee Return and National Transformation in Guatemala

Author: Liisa North,Alan Simmons

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773518629

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 337

View: 9835

Understanding democracy, human rights, and development in the conflict-ridden societies of the third world is at the heart of Journeys of Fear, a stimulating collection of papers prepared by Canadian and Guatemalan scholars. Edited and with contributions by Liisa North and Alan Simmons, this collection explores the participation of the oppressed and marginalised Guatemalan refugees, most of them indigenous Mayas who fled from the army's razed-earth campaign of the early 1980s, in government negotiations regarding the conditions for return. The essays adopt the refugees' language concerning return – defining it as a self-organized and participatory collective act that is very different from repatriation, a passive process often organized by others with the objective of reintegration into the status quo. Contributors examine the extent to which the organized returnees and other social organizations with similar objectives have been successful in transforming Guatemalan society, creating greater respect for political, social, and economic rights. They also consider the obstacles to democratization in a country just emerging from a history of oppressive dictatorships and a thirty-six-year-long civil war. Liisa L. North is professor of political science and a fellow of the Centre for Research on Latin America and the Caribbean at York University. Alan B. Simmons is associate professor of sociology and a fellow of the Centre for Research on Latin America and the Caribbean at York University.
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