The Political Economy of Refugee Migration and Foreign Aid

Author: M. Czaika

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023027420X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 205

View: 9788

This book explores the determinants of forced migration and its political implications from an economic perspective. It describes the distribution of burdens from forced migration across countries, and analyzes the strategic interaction of national refugee policies to control refugee flows.
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Migration and Refugee Policies in Germany

New European Limits of Control?

Author: Andreas Ette

Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich

ISBN: 3847410776

Category: Social Science

Page: 314

View: 3897

International migration is one of the most controversial political topics today which demands innovative approaches of global and regional governance. The book provides a fresh theoretical framework to understand European responses to the international migration of people and explains the dynamics of Germany’s migration and refugee policy during the last two decades. Against traditional theories and their inherent focus on the national political sphere, the book highlights supranational and multi-level political processes as increasingly important factors to account for national policy changes. Confronted with the most recent developments of international migration, the study offers students and practitioners the necessary background to participate in today’s debates.
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Routledge Handbook of Immigration and Refugee Studies

Author: Anna Triandafyllidou

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131763876X

Category: Social Science

Page: 390

View: 9171

The Routledge Handbook of Immigration and Refugee Studies offers a comprehensive and unique study of the multi-disciplinary field of international migration and asylum studies. Utilising contemporary information and analysis, this innovative Handbook provides an in depth examination of legal migration management in the labour market and its affect upon families in relation to wider issues of migrant integration and citizenship. With a comprehensive collection of essays written by leading contributors from a broad range of disciplines including sociology of migration, human geography, legal studies, political sciences and economics, the Handbook is a truly multi-disciplinary book approaching the critical questions of: Migration and the labour market Integration and citizenship Migration, families and welfare Irregular migration smuggling and trafficking in human beings asylum and forced migration. Organised into short thematic and geographical chapters the Routledge Handbook of Immigration and Refugee Studies provides a concise overview on the different topics and world regions, as well as useful guidance for both the starting and the more experienced reader. The Handbook’s expansive content and illustrative style will appeal to both students and professionals studying in the field of migration and international organisations.
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High-Skilled Migration

Drivers and Policies

Author: Mathias Czaika

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198815271

Category:

Page: 416

View: 7235

Political and scientific debates on migration policies have mostly focused on governments' efforts to control or reduce low-skilled, asylum, and irregular migration or to encourage the return migration of these categories. Less research and constructive discourse has been conducted on the roleand effectiveness of policies to attract or retain high-skilled workers. An improved understanding of the drivers and dynamics of high-skilled migration is essential for effective policy-making, as most highly developed and emerging economies experience growing shortages of high-skilled laboursupply in certain occupations and sectors, and skilled immigration is often viewed as one way of addressing these. Simplistic assumptions that high-skilled migrants are primarily in pursuit of higher wages raise the expectation that policies which open channels for high-skilled immigration are generally successful. Although many countries have introduced policies aimed at attracting and facilitating therecruitment of high-skilled workers, not all recruitment efforts have had the desired effects, and anecdotal evidence on the effectiveness of these programmes is rather mixed. The reason is that the rather narrow focus on migration policy coincides with a lack of systematic and rigorousconsideration of other economic, social, and political drivers of migration, which may be equally - or sometimes even more - important than migration policies per se. A better understanding of migration policies, their making, consequences and limitations, requires a systematic knowledge of thebroader economic, social and political structures and their interaction in both origin and destination countries. This book enhances this vibrant field of social scientific enquiry by providing a systematic, multidisciplinary, and global analysis of policies driving international high-skilled migration processes in their interaction with other migration drivers at the individual, city, national, andinternational level.
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Refuge

Rethinking Refugee Policy in a Changing World

Author: Paul Collier,Alexander Betts

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190659173

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 715

Global refugee numbers are at their highest levels since the end of World War II, but the system in place to deal with them, based upon a humanitarian list of imagined "basic needs," has changed little. In Refuge, Paul Collier and Alexander Betts argue that the system fails to provide a comprehensive solution to the fundamental problem, which is how to reintegrate displaced people into society. Western countries deliver food, clothing, and shelter to refugee camps, but these sites, usually located in remote border locations, can make things worse. The numbers are stark: the average length of stay in a refugee camp worldwide is 17 years. Into this situation comes the Syria crisis, which has dislocated countless families, bringing them to face an impossible choice: huddle in dangerous urban desolation, rot in dilapidated camps, or flee across the Mediterranean to increasingly unwelcoming governments. Refuge seeks to restore moral purpose and clarity to refugee policy. Rather than assuming indefinite dependency, Collier-author of The Bottom Billion-and his Oxford colleague Betts propose a humanitarian approach integrated with a new economic agenda that begins with jobs, restores autonomy, and rebuilds people's ability to help themselves and their societies. Timely and urgent, the book goes beyond decrying scenes of desperation to declare what so many people, policymakers and public alike, are anxious to hear: that a long-term solution really is within reach.
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State Collapse and Reconstruction in the Periphery

Political Economy, Ethnicity and Development in Yugoslavia, Serbia and Kosovo

Author: Jens Stilhoff Sörensen

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845455606

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 318

View: 1026

In the 1990s, Yugoslavia, which had once been a role model for development, became a symbol for state collapse, external intervention and post-conflict reconstruction. As a result, the country became the locus for new policies to be developed and tested. These policies are in need of scrutiny and should be examined within the social and political realities that have emerged in the region, one left with two international protectorates (Bosnia and Kosovo), unresolved state formation issues, minority concerns, ethnic, social and political polarization. The author argues that both the process of state collapse and the recent changes in aid and reconstruction policy must be interpreted within the framework of a wider transformation of the international political economy and world order. Through an in-depth analysis and critical examination of post-conflict reconstruction in Kosovo, he argues that western governments and donor agencies have built policies on conceptions and assumptions for which there is no genuine historical or contemporary economic, social or political basis in the region. This discrepancy has provided further complications which are likely to remain for years to come, as recent developments in Kosovo show.
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Global Migrants, Global Refugees

Problems and Solutions

Author: Aristide R. Zolberg,Peter Benda

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571811707

Category: History

Page: 369

View: 5207

In recent years, several influential commentators have stated or strongly implied that the advanced industrial democracies are today being overwhelmed by a host of problems - including rapid population growth, the breakup of multi-ethnic states, environmental degredation, and increasing economic differentials between the "developing" and "developed" worlds - for which no effective solutions are at hand. The migration-inducing potential of these post-Cold War developments has been a particular source of concern. This volume provides a counter-catastrophic view of developments and a more sober and balanced assessment of the challenges the United States and other industrial democracies face in the sphere of international migration than that offered in recent years. The first part is devoted to a diagnosis of the problem, revalution of the notion of a "migration crisis" by examining the likely consequences of population growth, environmental degredation, and political conflict in the developing and post-communist worlds. Special attention is also given to the manifestations of these forces in the western hemisphere where they may have direct consequences for immigration to the United States. In the second part the implications for U.S. policy are considered, ranging from promotion of democracy and development of strategies for minimizing international migrations and refugee flows to the intricacies of humanitarian relief and intervention when preventive measures prove ineffective. Aristide R. ZolbergProfessor of Political Science and Director of the International Center for Migration, Ethnicity, and Citizenship at the Graduate Faculty, New School University, New York. Peter M. Bendais Associate Director of the Center on Policy Attitudes and the Program on International Policy Attitudes, Washington D.C.
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Refugee Economies

Forced Displacement and Development

Author: Alexander Betts,Louise Bloom,Josiah Kaplan,Naohiko Omata

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198795688

Category:

Page: 288

View: 4476

Refugees have rarely been studied by economists. Despite some pioneering research on the economic lives of refugees, there remains a lack of theory and empirical data through which to understand, and build upon, refugees' own engagement with markets. Yet, understanding these economic systems may hold the key to rethinking our entire approach to refugee assistance. If we can improve our knowledge of the resource allocation systems that shape refugees' lives and opportunities, then we may be able to understand the mechanisms through which these market-based systems can be made to work better and turn humanitarian challenges into sustainable opportunities. This book adopts an inter-disciplinary approach, based on original qualitative and quantitative data on the economic life of refugees, in order to begin to build theory on the economic lives of refugees. It focuses on the case of Uganda because it represents a relatively positive case. Unlike other governments in the region, it has taken the positive step to allow refugees the right to work and a significant degree of freedom of movement through it so-called 'Self-Reliance Strategy'. This allows a unique opportunity to explore what is possible when refugees have basic economic freedoms. The book shows that refugees have complex and varied economic lives, often being highly entrepreneurial and connected to the global economy. The implications are simple but profound: far from being an inevitable burden, refugees have the capacity to help themselves and contribute to their host societies - if we let them
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The Union and the World

The Political Economy of a Common European Foreign Policy

Author: Alan W. Cafruny,Patrick Peters

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041105004

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 4209

During the last decade Europe has been transformed both politically and commercially. The establishment of a genuinely single marketplace in the context of an expanding membership has enabled the European Union greatly to enhance its role on the world stage. In the areas of trade and commercial policy the Union increasingly speaks with one voice. As a result of the Maastricht Treaty on Economic and Political Union of 1993, a process has been set in motion whereby the embryonic mechanisms of a common foreign policy (European Political Cooperation or EPC) are gradually evolving into a more comprehensive Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). The contributors to this volume describe and evaluate the nature and extent to which the European Union plays an independent role in international affairs. This pioneering work makes an important contribution to the literature on the European Union since the chapters present a comprehensive picture of the Union's foreign economic policies and actions, its foreign security policy, and the supranational nature of much Union decision-making. The book is significant, not only because of its dual focus on economics as well as politics, but also because it comprehensively covers the broad range of Union policies in both the economic and political spheres. The intended level of readership is undergraduate courses on the EU and on European politics; upper level undergraduate courses in International Relations; and graduate survey courses on the EU. The book is sufficiently comprehensive and instructive to achieve a wide readership, especially in North America and the UK.
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Mambo Montage

The Latinization of New York City

Author: Agustín Laó-Montes,Arlene Dávila

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231505442

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 3210

New York is the capital of mambo and a global factory of latinidad. This book covers the topic in all its multifaceted aspects, from Jim Crow baseball in the first half of the twentieth century to hip hop and ethno-racial politics, from Latinas and labor unions to advertising and Latino culture, from Cuban cuisine to the language of signs in New York City. Together the articles map out the main conceptions of Latino identity as well as the historical process of Latinization of New York. Mambo Montage is both a way of imagining latinidad and an angle of vision on the city.
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Politics and Economics of Central Asia

Author: A. J. Armanini

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781590331828

Category: History

Page: 101

View: 1018

Contents: Preface; India and Pakistan: Current US Economic Sanctions; Uzbekistan: Basic Facts; Uzbekistan: Current Developments and US Interests; Tajikistan; Tajikistan: Current Developments and US Interests; Tajik Civil War: Recent Developments and US Policy Concerns; Turkmenistan: Basic Facts; Turkmenistan: Current Developments and US Interests; Index.
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Conditions creating refugees and U.S. asylum seekers from Central America

statement of Thomas J. Schulz, Assistant Director, Foreign Economic Assistance, National Security and International Affairs Division, before the Commission for the Study of International Migration and Cooperative Economic Development

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9716

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The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies

Author: Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh,Gil Loescher,Katy Long,Nando Sigona

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191645885

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 4506

Refugee and Forced Migration Studies has grown from being a concern of a relatively small number of scholars and policy researchers in the 1980s to a global field of interest with thousands of students worldwide studying displacement either from traditional disciplinary perspectives or as a core component of newer programmes across the Humanities and Social and Political Sciences. Today the field encompasses both rigorous academic research which may or may not ultimately inform policy and practice, as well as action-research focused on advocating in favour of refugees' needs and rights. This authoritative Handbook critically evaluates the birth and development of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, and analyses the key contemporary and future challenges faced by academics and practitioners working with and for forcibly displaced populations around the world. The 52 state-of-the-art chapters, written by leading academics, practitioners, and policymakers working in universities, research centres, think tanks, NGOs and international organizations, provide a comprehensive and cutting-edge overview of the key intellectual, political, social and institutional challenges arising from mass displacement in the world today. The chapters vividly illustrate the vibrant and engaging debates that characterise this rapidly expanding field of research and practice.
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Causes of International Migration

Author: Bob Vandererf,Liesbeth Heering

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 0788126849

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 7217

Reviews the current state of the art in research on the causes of international migration, & to prepare scientifically for the organization & execution of migration surveys & analytical studious in sending & receiving countries. Contains: determinants of internat'l. migration: theoretical approaches & an inventory for research; data availability; modeling internat'l. migration: econ. & econometric issues; Turkish migration to Western Europe; Sub-Saharan Africa; Migrations in Lithuania, Poland & the Ukraine; the future of East-West Migration, & more.
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Diaspora, Development, and Democracy

The Domestic Impact of International Migration from India

Author: Devesh Kapur

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400835089

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 6074

What happens to a country when its skilled workers emigrate? The first book to examine the complex economic, social, and political effects of emigration on India, Diaspora, Development, and Democracy provides a conceptual framework for understanding the repercussions of international migration on migrants' home countries. Devesh Kapur finds that migration has influenced India far beyond a simplistic "brain drain"--migration's impact greatly depends on who leaves and why. The book offers new methods and empirical evidence for measuring these traits and shows how data about these characteristics link to specific outcomes. For instance, the positive selection of Indian migrants through education has strengthened India's democracy by creating a political space for previously excluded social groups. Because older Indian elites have an exit option, they are less likely to resist the loss of political power at home. Education and training abroad has played an important role in facilitating the flow of expertise to India, integrating the country into the world economy, positively shaping how India is perceived, and changing traditional conceptions of citizenship. The book highlights a paradox--while international migration is a cause and consequence of globalization, its effects on countries of origin depend largely on factors internal to those countries. A rich portrait of the Indian migrant community, Diaspora, Development, and Democracy explores the complex political and economic consequences of migration for the countries migrants leave behind.
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Beyond Charity: International Cooperation and the Global Refugee Crisis

A Twentieth Century Fund Book

Author: Gil Loescher

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195356076

Category: Political Science

Page: 273

View: 5631

With more than 18 million refugees worldwide, the refugee problem has fostered an intense debate regarding what political changes are necessary in the international system to provide effective solutions in the 1990s and beyond. In the past, refugees have been perceived largely as a problem of international charity, but as the end of the Cold War triggers new refugee movements across the globe, governments are being forced to develop a more systematic approach to the refugee problem. Beyond Charity provides the first extensive overview of the world refugee crisis today, asserting that refugees raise not only humanitarian concerns but also issues of international peace and security. Gil Loescher argues persuasively that a central challenge in the post Cold-War era is to develop a comprehensive refugee policy that preserves the right of asylum while promoting greater political and diplomatic efforts to address the causes of flight. He presents the contemporary crisis in a historical framework and explores the changing role of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Loescher suggests short-term and long-term reforms that address both the current refugee crisis and its underlying causes. The book also details the ways governmental structures and international organizations could be strengthened to assume more effective assistance, protection, and political mediation functions. Beyond Charity helps frame the debate on the global refugee crisis and offers directions for more effective approaches to refugee problems at present and in the future.
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Road Map for National Security

Imperative for Change, the Phase III Report of the U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Century

Author: United States Commission on National Security/21st Century

Publisher: Kallisti Publishing

ISBN: 0967851432

Category: Political Science

Page: 146

View: 5779

"After our examination of the new strategic environment of the next quarter century (Phase I) and of a strategy to address it (Phase II), this Commission concludes that significant changes must be made in the structures and processes of the U.S. national security apparatus. Our institutional base is in decline and must be rebuilt. Otherwise, the United States risks losing its global influence and critical leadership role. We offer recommendations for organizational change in five key areas: ensuring the security of the American homeland; recapitalizing America's strengths in science and education; redesigning key institutions of the Executive Branch; overhauling the U.S. government's military and civilian personnel systems; and reorganizing Congress's role in national security affairs"--P. xiii.
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Assessing AIDS Prevention

Selected papers presented at the international conference held in Montreux (Switzerland), October 29–November 1, 1990

Author: PACCAUD,VADER,GUTZWILLER

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3034872119

Category: Medical

Page: 308

View: 4070

In most countries, primary prevention programmes against the HIV / AIDS epidemic have been implemented. Broadly speaking, three levels of intervention can be identified: - national campaigns directed to the general population; most of them are multi phase campaigns aimed at providing information about HIV transmission and protective behaviour; they use the various mass media channels and are mainly directed to sexual behaviour modifi cation; - community-based interventions, addressed to specific target popula tions; these populations have been typically selected according to both the high risk of infection (gay men and prostitutes) and the difficulty to reach the members of these communities (intravenous drug users); - individual testing and counselling, often supported by public funds or large non-governmental organizations. Major efforts have been devoted to the development and the implemen tation of these preventive programmes, both in terms of human re sources and financial support. On the other hand, in most countries, far less energy has been put into the evaluation of these campaigns. This gap is not explained by the fact that evaluation of AIDS/HIV cam paigns is a totally new challenge in terms of methodology: there are classical methods, developed over twenty years and used in other fields of prevention.
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Why Yemen Matters

A Society in Transition

Author: Helen Lackner

Publisher: Saqi

ISBN: 0863567827

Category: Political Science

Page: 334

View: 4747

In November 2011, an agreement brokered by the GCC brought an end to Yemen's tumultuous uprising. The National Dialogue Conference has opened a window of opportunity for change, bringing Yemen's main political forces together with groups that were politically marginalized. Yet, the risk of collapse is serious, and if Yemen is to remain a viable state, it must address numerous political, social and economic challenges. In this invaluable volume, experts with extensive Yemen experience provide innovative analysis of the country's major crises: centralized governance, the role of the military, ethnic conflict, separatism, Islamism, foreign intervention, water scarcity and economic development. This is essential reading for academi, journalists, development workers, diplomats, politicians and students alike. 'Essential reading ... The authors shed light on the context of the Yemeni uprising in a way that not only helps us understand the current transitional period but also the outlines of Yemen's future.' Charles Schmitz, President of the American Institute of Yemeni Studies 'An up to date and wide-ranging guide to what is arguably the Arab world's least known and most misunderstood state. Edited by one of Britain's foremost authorities on Yemen ... brings together an impressive range of experts on the country to examine the contemporary reality of Yemen.' Michael Willis, Director of the Middle East Centre, St Antony's College, Oxford University 'Thoughtful and well-researched, Why Yemen Matters unearths a wealth of information about contemporary Yemeni society.' Baghat Korany, Professor of International Relations, American University in Cairo
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