The Political Economy of Pipelines

A Century of Comparative Institutional Development

Author: Jeff D. Makholm

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226502120

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 2915

With global demand for energy poised to increase by more than half in the next three decades, the supply of safe, reliable, and reasonably priced gas and oil will continue to be of fundamental importance to modern economies. Central to this supply are the pipelines that transport this energy. And while the fundamental economics of the major pipeline networks are the same, the differences in their ownership, commercial development, and operation can provide insight into the workings of market institutions in various nations. Drawing on a century of the world’s experience with gas and oil pipelines, this book illustrates the importance of economics in explaining the evolution of pipeline politics in various countries. It demonstrates that institutional differences influence ownership and regulation, while rents and consumer pricing depend on the size and diversity of existing markets, the depth of regulatory institutions, and the historical structure of the pipeline businesses themselves. The history of pipelines is also rife with social conflict, and Makholm explains how and when institutions in a variety of countries have controlled pipeline behavior—either through economic regulation or government ownership—in the public interest.
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The Political Economy of Local Regulation

Theoretical Frameworks and International Case Studies

Author: Alberto Asquer,Franco Becchis,Daniele Russolillo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137588284

Category: Political Science

Page: 377

View: 5745

This book offers theoretical and methodological guidelines for researching the complex regulation of local infrastructure, utilities and public services in the context of rapid urbanisation, technological change, and climate change. It examines the interactions between regulators, public officers, infrastructure and utilities firms, public service providers, citizens, and civil society organisations. It contains contributions from academics and practitioners from various disciplinary perspectives and from many regions of the world, illustrated with case studies from several sectors including water, natural gas and electricity distribution, local public transport, district heating, urban waste, and environmental services.
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Cross-border Oil and Gas Pipelines and the Role of the Transit Country

Economics, Challenges and Solutions

Author: Ekpen James Omonbude

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137274514

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 161

View: 1666

With frequent discoveries of energy resources in remote and undeveloped areas, the importance of transnational oil and gas pipelines is set to grow ever more prominent. This study dissects the diplomacy involved in cross-border energy transportation. Omonbude presents a unique analysis of the shifts in bargaining powers, and the increasingly powerful role played by the transit country in pipeline agreements. His research offers fundamental insights into the possibility of reward mechanisms for transit countries, which would significantly reduce the possibility of pipeline disruptions during operation.
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The Political Economy of Russian Oil

Author: David Stuart Lane

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847695096

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 228

View: 2071

In this thoughtful analysis, a group of international specialists explores the political and economic issues and controversies surrounding the oil industry's move to capitalism. The authors examine the spread of crime and corruption, the role of Russian and Western financial institutions, regional tensions, and the international dimension.
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Nigeria

the political economy of oil

Author: Sarah Ahmad Khan

Publisher: Oxford Institute for Energy Studies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 234

View: 9120

Nigeria is the most populated nation on the African continent and contains a vast wealth of natural resources. It is the largest petroleum producer in Africa, and a key exporter of oil to both Western Europe and the US, and yet the political economy of Nigeria remains one of gross indebtedness, inefficiency and mismanagement. Here, the author brings together these issues in a far-ranging account of the Nigerian oil industry. She explores the fraught relationship between the government and foreign oil companies, the financial constraints on domestic investment, and the tragic lessons of an economy dependent on oil. This is a fascinating look at the problems of this developing country trying to exploit its natural resources, and will be of interest to scholars of development studies and international business.
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The Political Economy of Independent Ukraine

Slow Starts, False Starts, and a Last Chance?

Author: Oleh Havrylyshyn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137576901

Category: Political Science

Page: 353

View: 3092

Marking the 25th anniversary of Ukraine as a sovereign nation, this book traces its economic transformation since 1991. Post-communist transition has been a highlight of recent history, and Ukraine stands out as one of its most interesting and puzzling cases. Havrylyshyn offers the first comprehensive treatise on the entire period, providing a thorough description of the slow evolution of economic reforms, exploring how and why performance in this regard fell far behind the leaders in transition. Testing several conventional hypotheses, the author argues that while Russian imperialism may form part of the explanation, the self-serving interests of domestic elites and new oligarchs may be even more important. Radically revising the traditional argument that reforms were delayed to allow nation building, this book contends that it was due more to the interests of the non-lustrated elite, who needed time to become the new capitalists.
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The Political Economy of World Energy

An Introductory Textbook

Author: Ferdinand E. Banks

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812700366

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 449

View: 3851

This easy-to-read book presents an elementary yet comprehensive introduction to modern energy economics. Mathematical content is kept to a minimum, and advanced numerical concepts are placed in appendices. The two survey chapters are suitable for readers with little or no formal training in economics. Differing greatly from other energy textbooks, the book aims to provide the reader with an informed advantage. Principally intended as a textbook for undergraduate economics students, it can also be used for self-study or as a reference material.
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Algeria

The Political Economy of Oil and Gas

Author: Ali Aïssaoui

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197300275

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 312

View: 6960

This book is the fifth in a series of books on the major petroleum and gas exporting nations, most of them part of the developing world. Because of its gas dimension, Algeria occupies a special position in the global economy, particularly with regard to Europe. At the same time, despite its efforts to diversify the economy, Algeria still finds that its prospects are closely bound to the future of oil and gas. A broad description is provided of the oil and gas sectors of the country, highlighting those features which give Algeria a physiognomy of its own. The analysis is set into the context of history, economic policy and international relations. It also seeks to identify the specific challenges that Algeria will face in developing its hydrocarbon wealth to the best advantage of its economy.
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The International Political Economy of Oil and Gas

Author: Slawomir Raszewski

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319625578

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 1803

This book addresses energy research from four distinct International Political Economy perspectives: energy security, governance, legal and developmental areas. Energy is too important to be neglected by political scientists. Yet, within the mainstream of the discipline energy research still remains a peripheral area of academic enquiry seeking to plug into the discipline’s theoretical debates. The purpose of this book is to assess how existing perspectives fit with our understanding of social science energy research by focusing on the oil and gas dimension.
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Material Politics

Disputes Along the Pipeline

Author: Andrew Barry

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111852909X

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 1837

In Material Politics, author Andrew Barry reveals that as we are beginning to attend to the importance of materials in political life, materials has become increasingly bound up with the production of information about their performance, origins, and impact. Presents an original theoretical approach to political geography by revealing the paradoxical relationship between materials and politics Explores how political disputes have come to revolve not around objects in isolation, but objects that are entangled in ever growing quantities of information about their performance, origins, and impact Studies the example of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline – a fascinating experiment in transparency and corporate social responsibility – and its wide-spread negative political impact Capitalizes on the growing interdisciplinary interest, especially within geography and social theory, about the critical role of material artefacts in political life
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The political economy of deregulation

interest groups in the regulatory process

Author: Roger G. Noll,Bruce M. Owen

Publisher: Aei Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 164

View: 5189

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Africa's New Oil

Power, Pipelines and Future Fortunes

Author: Celeste Hicks

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1783601159

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 9662

The development of Africa’s oil has greatly accelerated in recent years, with some countries looking at the prospect of almost unimaginable flows of money into their national budgets. But the story of African oil has usually been associated with conflict, corruption and disaster, with older producers such as Nigeria having little to show for the many billions of dollars they’ve earned. In this eye-opening book, former BBC correspondent Celeste Hicks questions the inevitability of the so-called resource curse, revealing what the discovery of oil means for ordinary Africans, and how China’s involvement could mean a profound change in Africa’s relationship with the West. A much-needed account of an issue that will likely transform the fortunes of a number of African countries – for better or for worse.
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The Political Economy of Natural Gas

Author: Ferdinand E. Banks

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351402439

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 212

View: 6115

Originally published in 1987 this book presents a comprehensive survey of the global natural gas industry: it looks at the problems of supply, the pattern of demand, the economics of the industrya nd how the industry in the 1980s was being affected by changes in other energy sectors. As a key commodity in the world economy the supply of natural gas is increasingly affecting and changing international relations between importer and supplier countries: the siberian natural gas pipeline which supplies Soviet gas to Western Europe is a key example of the impact of natural gas on international relations and one which is discussed in the book.
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The Political Economy of Oil and Gas in Africa

The case of Nigeria

Author: Soala Ariweriokuma

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134039581

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 396

The evolution of the Nigerian oil and gas industry spanned about a century during which several challenges were encountered and surmounted by major International Oil Companies (IOCs). This book provides a thoroughly researched guide to the Nigerian oil and gas industry. The author examines the increasing role of Africa in the contribution of oil and gas resources to the global energy market and provides an overview of oil and gas exploration and production activities in Algeria , Libya , Egypt and Angola . The book presents an in-depth review of the growth and challenges of the Nigerian oil and gas industry. It also highlights the geological features of the oil and gas bearing regions of the country. In particular, the emerging prominence of the Gulf of Guinea as a prolific hydrocarbon bearing zone is extensively evaluated.
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The Patch

The People, Pipelines, and Politics of the Oil Sands

Author: Chris Turner

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 150111509X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 9264

"In its heyday, the oilsands represented an industrial triumph and the culmination of a century of innovation, experiment, engineering, policy, and finance. Fort McMurray was a boomtown, the centre of a new gold rush, and the oilsands were reshaping the global energy, political, and financial landscapes. The future seemed limitless for the city and those who drew their wealth from the bitumen-rich wilderness. But in 2008, a new narrative for the oilsands emerged. As financial markets collapsed and the scientific reality of the Patch's effect on the environment became clear, the region turned into a boogeyman and a lightning rod for the global movement combatting climate change. Suddenly, the streets of Fort McMurray were the front line of a high-stakes collision between two conflicting worldviews--one of industrial triumph and another of environmental stewardship--each backed by major players on the world stage. The Patch is the seminal account of this ongoing conflict, showing just how far the oilsands reaches into all of our lives. From Fort Mac to the Bakken shale country of North Dakota, from Houston to London, from Saudi Arabia to the shores of Brazil, the whole world is connected in this enterprise. And it requires us to ask the question: In order to both fuel the world and to save it, what do we do about the Patch?"--
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Carbon Democracy

Political Power in the Age of Oil

Author: Timothy Mitchell

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 1781681163

Category: Political Science

Page: 292

View: 694

Carbon Democracy provides a unique examination of the relationship between oil and democracy. Interweaving the history of energy, political analysis, and economic theory, Mitchell targets conventional wisdom regarding energy and governance. Emphasizing how oil and democracy have intermixed, he argues that while coal provided the impetus for mass democracy, the shift to oil drastically limited democratic possibility; above all, the ability to confront contemporary ecological crises.
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The Political Economy of Brazilian Oil

Author: Laura Randall

Publisher: Praeger Pub Text

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 315

View: 2922

The study compares and contrasts PETROBAS to the state-owned oil firms of Mexico and Venezuela, including current information regarding their organization.
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Oil on the Brain

Adventures from the Pump to the Pipeline

Author: Lisa Margonelli

Publisher: Broadway

ISBN: 0767916972

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 566

Looks at the economics of the petroleum industry and traces how crude oil from fields around the world eventually becomes the gasoline for automobiles, in a new edition containing an updated epilogue. Reprint. 20,000 first printing.
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The Political Economy of Turkey in the Post-Soviet Era

Going West and Looking East?

Author: Libby Rittenberg

Publisher: Praeger Publishers

ISBN: 9780275955960

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 221

View: 9721

The collapse of the Soviet Union and the Soviet bloc had a profound effect on Turkey economically and politically. On the one hand, the collapse further marginalized Turkey's position in Western Europe, as some of the newly liberated Central and Eastern European countries raced ahead of Turkey to join the European Union. On the other hand, the collapse presented Turkey with new opportunities and challenges stemming from geographic proximity and cultural/historical ties with countries that emerged from the Soviet bloc and from the former Soviet Union. In articles focusing on the 1990s and beyond, this book explores how the economic and political fortunes of Turkey have changed since the end of the Cold War. Two main sections of the book examine Turkey's relations with the European Union and with the former Soviet Union and Soviet bloc countries. Each section opens with a chapter providing an overview of Turkey's political relationship with the respective region, followed by chapters that examine facets of the politico-economic relationships. Located in a potentially volatile portion of the world, Turkey plays an important role in maintaining peace and prosperity in its region. The analysis in this volume allows an understanding of the critical factors that influence the political economy of Turkey, and therefore, its ability to contribute to world peace and stability.
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Private Power and Public Policy

Multinational Oil Companies and U.S. Foreign Policy, 1941-1954

Author: David S. Painter

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Industrial policy

Page: 302

View: 7347

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