The Political Economy of Pipelines

A Century of Comparative Institutional Development

Author: Jeff D. Makholm

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226502120

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 2500

With global demand for energy poised to increase by more than half in the next three decades, the supply of safe, reliable, and reasonably priced gas and oil will continue to be of fundamental importance to modern economies. Central to this supply are the pipelines that transport this energy. And while the fundamental economics of the major pipeline networks are the same, the differences in their ownership, commercial development, and operation can provide insight into the workings of market institutions in various nations. Drawing on a century of the world’s experience with gas and oil pipelines, this book illustrates the importance of economics in explaining the evolution of pipeline politics in various countries. It demonstrates that institutional differences influence ownership and regulation, while rents and consumer pricing depend on the size and diversity of existing markets, the depth of regulatory institutions, and the historical structure of the pipeline businesses themselves. The history of pipelines is also rife with social conflict, and Makholm explains how and when institutions in a variety of countries have controlled pipeline behavior—either through economic regulation or government ownership—in the public interest.
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The Political Economy of Local Regulation

Theoretical Frameworks and International Case Studies

Author: Alberto Asquer,Franco Becchis,Daniele Russolillo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137588284

Category: Political Science

Page: 377

View: 7253

This book offers theoretical and methodological guidelines for researching the complex regulation of local infrastructure, utilities and public services in the context of rapid urbanisation, technological change, and climate change. It examines the interactions between regulators, public officers, infrastructure and utilities firms, public service providers, citizens, and civil society organisations. It contains contributions from academics and practitioners from various disciplinary perspectives and from many regions of the world, illustrated with case studies from several sectors including water, natural gas and electricity distribution, local public transport, district heating, urban waste, and environmental services.
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The Political Economy of Oil and Gas in Africa

The Case of Nigeria

Author: Soala Ariweriokuma

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113403959X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 9052

The evolution of the Nigerian oil and gas industry spanned about a century during which several challenges were encountered and surmounted by major International Oil Companies (IOCs). This book provides a thoroughly researched guide to the Nigerian oil and gas industry. The author examines the increasing role of Africa in the contribution of oil and gas resources to the global energy market and provides an overview of oil and gas exploration and production activities in Algeria , Libya , Egypt and Angola . The book presents an in-depth review of the growth and challenges of the Nigerian oil and gas industry. It also highlights the geological features of the oil and gas bearing regions of the country. In particular, the emerging prominence of the Gulf of Guinea as a prolific hydrocarbon bearing zone is extensively evaluated.
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The Political Economy of Russian Oil

Author: David Stuart Lane

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847695096

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 228

View: 448

In this thoughtful analysis, a group of international specialists explores the political and economic issues and controversies surrounding the oil industry's move to capitalism. The authors examine the spread of crime and corruption, the role of Russian and Western financial institutions, regional tensions, and the international dimension.
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Algeria

The Political Economy of Oil and Gas

Author: Ali Aïssaoui

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197300275

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 312

View: 3139

This book is the fifth in a series of books on the major petroleum and gas exporting nations, most of them part of the developing world. Because of its gas dimension, Algeria occupies a special position in the global economy, particularly with regard to Europe. At the same time, despite its efforts to diversify the economy, Algeria still finds that its prospects are closely bound to the future of oil and gas. A broad description is provided of the oil and gas sectors of the country, highlighting those features which give Algeria a physiognomy of its own. The analysis is set into the context of history, economic policy and international relations. It also seeks to identify the specific challenges that Algeria will face in developing its hydrocarbon wealth to the best advantage of its economy.
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Pipeline politics

the complex political economy of East-West energy trade

Author: Bruce W. Jentleson

Publisher: Cornell Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 263

View: 5303

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Nigeria

the political economy of oil

Author: Sarah Ahmad Khan

Publisher: Oxford Institute for Energy Studies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 234

View: 5004

Nigeria is the most populated nation on the African continent and contains a vast wealth of natural resources. It is the largest petroleum producer in Africa, and a key exporter of oil to both Western Europe and the US, and yet the political economy of Nigeria remains one of gross indebtedness, inefficiency and mismanagement. Here, the author brings together these issues in a far-ranging account of the Nigerian oil industry. She explores the fraught relationship between the government and foreign oil companies, the financial constraints on domestic investment, and the tragic lessons of an economy dependent on oil. This is a fascinating look at the problems of this developing country trying to exploit its natural resources, and will be of interest to scholars of development studies and international business.
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The Political Economy of Venezuelan Oil

Author: Laura Randall

Publisher: Praeger Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 247

View: 7621

The Political Economy of Venezuelan Oil describes the historic role of multinationals in establishing the oil industry there and the resulting coordination of an integrated, nationalized industry. Randall posits that the nationalization of the Venezuelan oil industry was strikingly different from that in Brazil and Mexico. Besides giving a detailed description of the structure and management of this industry, she also provides a history of labor conditions and an analysis of the impact of the oil industry on Venezuela's overall economy.
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The Political Economy of Natural Gas

Author: Ferdinand E. Banks

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351402439

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 212

View: 3989

Originally published in 1987 this book presents a comprehensive survey of the global natural gas industry: it looks at the problems of supply, the pattern of demand, the economics of the industrya nd how the industry in the 1980s was being affected by changes in other energy sectors. As a key commodity in the world economy the supply of natural gas is increasingly affecting and changing international relations between importer and supplier countries: the siberian natural gas pipeline which supplies Soviet gas to Western Europe is a key example of the impact of natural gas on international relations and one which is discussed in the book.
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The Political Economy of Turkey in the Post-Soviet Era

Going West and Looking East?

Author: Libby Rittenberg

Publisher: Praeger Publishers

ISBN: 9780275955960

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 221

View: 6605

The collapse of the Soviet Union and the Soviet bloc had a profound effect on Turkey economically and politically. On the one hand, the collapse further marginalized Turkey's position in Western Europe, as some of the newly liberated Central and Eastern European countries raced ahead of Turkey to join the European Union. On the other hand, the collapse presented Turkey with new opportunities and challenges stemming from geographic proximity and cultural/historical ties with countries that emerged from the Soviet bloc and from the former Soviet Union. In articles focusing on the 1990s and beyond, this book explores how the economic and political fortunes of Turkey have changed since the end of the Cold War. Two main sections of the book examine Turkey's relations with the European Union and with the former Soviet Union and Soviet bloc countries. Each section opens with a chapter providing an overview of Turkey's political relationship with the respective region, followed by chapters that examine facets of the politico-economic relationships. Located in a potentially volatile portion of the world, Turkey plays an important role in maintaining peace and prosperity in its region. The analysis in this volume allows an understanding of the critical factors that influence the political economy of Turkey, and therefore, its ability to contribute to world peace and stability.
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The Political Economy of State-owned Enterprises in China and India

Author: X. Yi-chong

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137271655

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 3353

Focused on unique features of economic development, this edited volume examines the nature and structure of corporate governance of several key state-owned enterprises in China and public sector units in India in five strategic sectors: oil and natural gas, steel, coal, electricity generation, and banking industries.
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The Political Economy of Oil in Alaska

Multinationals Vs. the State

Author: N.A

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 278

View: 4965

Does Alaska?s reliance on oil and gas mean that it inevitably will be controlled by corporate energy interests? Or can the state use its vast resource holdings to manage a more symmetrical partnership? The Political Economy of Oil in Alaska investigates the complex relationship Alaska has with its most precious commodity.Offering a new perspective on the challenges of oil-dependent development, the authors explore the dynamic balance between the power of a subnational government?as the owner of resources, possessor of fiscal authority, and regulator of safety and environmental conditions?and the ability of Big Oil to develop energy resources, affect the state economy, and influence state policies. The result is a comprehensive study of an often contentious alliance.
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The Political Economy of Brazilian Oil

Author: Laura Randall

Publisher: Praeger Pub Text

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 315

View: 9348

The study compares and contrasts PETROBAS to the state-owned oil firms of Mexico and Venezuela, including current information regarding their organization.
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The political economy of deregulation

interest groups in the regulatory process

Author: Roger G. Noll,Bruce M. Owen

Publisher: Aei Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 164

View: 3016

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The Political Economy of World Energy

An Introductory Textbook

Author: Ferdinand E. Banks

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812700366

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 449

View: 4774

This easy-to-read book presents an elementary yet comprehensive introduction to modern energy economics. Mathematical content is kept to a minimum, and advanced numerical concepts are placed in appendices. The two survey chapters are suitable for readers with little or no formal training in economics. Differing greatly from other energy textbooks, the book aims to provide the reader with an informed advantage. Principally intended as a textbook for undergraduate economics students, it can also be used for self-study or as a reference material.
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Libya, the Political Economy of Oil

Author: Judith Gurney

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 1491

In this book Judith Gurney documents the way in which the Libyan oil industry has been run under the monarchy and throughout the rule of the Revolutionary Command Council. Surprisingly, despite the volatile nature of the political system under Qaddafi and the US and UN economic boycotts and sanctions against Libya, the oil industry has continued to be run in a low key, matter of fact manner. Equally surprising is that, unlike most OPEC members, the Libyans have always been involved in joint ventures with foreign companies. This pragmatic approach reflects the dependency of the economy on oil gas production. This survey of the political economy of Libya from desert state to oil-rich state concludes that two factors could have a significant impact on the oil industry: the continuance of sanctions over a long period and unpredictable political changes. The book is essential reading for observers of the international oil industry and everyone interested in development.
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Indonesia, the Political Economy of Energy

Author: Philip Barnes

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 193

View: 6921

Indonesia is an important emerging market among the growing economies of the Pacific Rim. Blessed with substantial resources, both natural and human, and relative political stability the country is attracting much new international investment. Philip Barnes examines the potential for development of the energy resources that are so central to Indonesia's progress. He covers the prospects of oil, gas, coal, and renewables and investigates the anticipated continuation of economic liberalization.
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The Political Economy of Mexican Oil

Author: Laura Randall

Publisher: Greenwood

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 228

View: 2367

Randall examines Mexico's state-run oil concern, PEMEX, and the costs and benefits of Mexican oil policy--for the nation as a whole and for special groups. Using in-depth interviews and extensive data from PEMEX and other sources, Randall explores issues such as PEMEX's relationships with workers and the oil union, with suppliers of capital goods and services, with the regions in which oil is produced, and with specific groups of oil consumers. Randall also seeks to answer questions regarding the extent of corruption, overstaffing, and lax management within PEMEX, which she finds to be less than is often alleged.
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The Political Economy of Oil in Post-Soviet Kazakhstan

Author: Saule Tarikhovna Omarova

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 738

View: 4426

On the basis of these findings, this dissertation concludes that the dynamics of state withdrawal from the oil sector in post-Soviet context are determined primarily by structural organization of domestic oil industry inherited from the Soviet era, resulting balance of power between the state and private sectoral actors, and general mode of state-society relations in each country.
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