The Political Economy of Managed Migration

Nonstate Actors, Europeanization, and the Politics of Designing Migration Policies

Author: Georg Menz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199533881

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 1927

Immigration has re-emerged as a highly politicized and contested policy domain throughout Europe. Demographic trends, skill shortages despite high unemployment rates, and advocacy by employers are leading governments to jettison "zero immigration" policies. The newly emerging paradigm of "managed migration" entails more permissive access channels for coveted labour migrants, while access by unsolicited asylum seekers and beneficiaries of family reunion iscurtailed. Based on original research in France, Italy, United Kingdom, Ireland, Germany, and Poland, this book marks an important contribution to the fields of migration studies, European Union studies and comparative political economy.
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Die Logik der Entrechtung

Sicherheits- und Nutzendiskurse im österreichischen Migrationsregime

Author: Kenneth Horvath

Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH

ISBN: 3847102265

Category: Political Science

Page: 342

View: 2038

English summary: The political regulation of migration in liberal nation-states depends on the differential deprivation of fundamental rights. These complex forms of granting and denying different sets of rights to different groups of migrants hinges on a multi-facetted interplay of two seemingly contradictory political logics: thesecuritisatio (linked to construals of migration as existential danger and as out of control) and the conomisation of migration(based on demands for "rational" policy approaches and stressing the need for migration). Using the example of the Austrian migration regime, this book shows how the interplay of these two logics has allowed for adapting regulatory frameworks to changing political-economic circumstances. This general argument is illustrated with examples from the early beginnings of the Austrian migration regime in the interwar-period to the post-WWII guestworker regime and, finally, to recent forms of neoliberal migration management that combine highly precarious legal statuses for so-called temporary migrants and a points-based system for the highly-skilled. German description: Die politische Steuerung von Migration beruht im liberalen Nationalstaat auf komplexen Formen der Entrechtung. Kenneth Horvath argumentiert, dass diese nach Kriterien wie Herkunft, Alter und Ausbildung differenzierte Zu- und Aberkennung von Rechten auf einem vielschichtigen Wechselspiel zweier migrationspolitischer Logiken beruht, die ublicherweise als konkurrierende Politikansatze gefasst werden. Am Beispiel der Entwicklung des osterreichischen Migrationsregimes wird nachgezeichnet, wie das Wechselspiel einer restriktiven Sicherheitslogik und einer nutzenorientierten Wirtschaftslogik erlaubt hat, das migrationspolitische Regelwerk uber die Jahre den jeweiligen politisch-okonomischen Gegebenheiten anzupassen. Dabei wird der Blick auf bisher wenig beachtete Episoden der osterreichischen Migrationspolitik gelenkt, etwa das Inlandarbeiterschutzgesetz der 1920er-Jahre, die Gleichstellung der Volksdeutschen nach 1945 und die Einfuhrung von Saisonarbeiterstatus und Rot-Weiss-Rot-Karte.
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Comparative Political Economy

Contours of a Subfield

Author: Georg Menz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192537164

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 6170

This new and comprehensive volume covering the subfield of comparative political economy provides a detailed overview over its intellectual roots, clarifies its contents, and introduces the readers to key debates while identifying new and exciting avenues for future research. Ideas, interests, and institutions have traditionally been the main focus points of this field, but the volume argues that culture provides an additional and often neglected area, providing the 'glue' that keeps national models of capitalism hanging together. The volume also develops pathways beyond the varieties of capitalism paradigm. Building on a thorough and rigorous review of comparative capitalisms and a synthesis of the research strands that have built the bedrock of this subfield, Comparative Political Economy explores the individual components of national models of capitalism and argues that these elements deserve closer scrutiny. Their permutations have been considerable over the past thirty years, and their study permits valuable insights both empirically and theoretically. The empirical coverage of the book includes chapters covering industrial relations, labour markets, systems of education and training, finance, welfare state, and debt. In the conclusion, research pathways forward are identified and the impact of energy security issues and environmental factors on the study of comparative capitalisms will be assessed.
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The Oxford Handbook of the Politics of International Migration

Author: Marc R. Rosenblum,Daniel J. Tichenor

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195337220

Category: Political Science

Page: 660

View: 7923

Twenty-nine specialists offer their perspectives on migration from a wide variety of fields: political science, sociology, economics, and anthropology.
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The Oxford Handbook of Employment Relations

Author: Adrian Wilkinson,Geoffrey Wood,Richard Deeg

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191651494

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 760

View: 5606

There have been numerous accounts exploring the relationship between institutions and firm practices. However, much of this literature tends to be located into distinct theoretical-traditional 'silos', such as national business systems, social systems of production, regulation theory, or varieties of capitalism, with limited dialogue between different approaches to enhance understanding of institutional effects. Again, evaluations of the relationship between institutions and employment relations have tended to be of the broad-brushstroke nature, often founded on macro-data, and with only limited attention being accorded to internal diversity and details of actual practice. The Handbook aims to fill this gap by bringing together an assembly of comprehensive and high quality chapters to enable understanding of changes in employment relations since the early 1970s. Theoretically-based chapters attempt to link varieties of capitalism, business systems, and different modes of regulation to the specific practice of employment relations, and offer a truly comparative treatment of the subject, providing frameworks and empirical evidence for understanding trends in employment relations in different parts of the world. Most notably, the Handbook seeks to incorporate at a theoretical level regulationist accounts and recent work that link bounded internal systemic diversity with change, and, at an applied level, a greater emphasis on recent applied evidence, specifically dealing with the employment contract, its implementation, and related questions of work organization. It will be useful to academics and students of industrial relations, political economy, and management.
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Migrants at Work

Immigration and Vulnerability in Labour Law

Author: Cathryn Costello,Mark Freedland

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191023523

Category: Law

Page: 414

View: 9556

There is a highly significant and under-considered intersection and interaction between migration law and labour law. Labour lawyers have tended to regard migration law as generally speaking outside their purview, and migration lawyers have somewhat similarly tended to neglect labour law. The culmination of a collaborative project on 'Migrants at Work' funded by the John Fell Fund, the Society of Legal Scholars, and the Research Centre at St John's College, Oxford, this volume brings together distinguished legal and migration scholars to examine the impact of migration law on labour rights and how the regulation of migration increasingly impacts upon employment and labour relations. Examining and clarifying the interactions between migration, migration law, and labour law, contributors to the volume identify the many ways that migration law, as currently designed, divides the objectives of labour law, privileging concerns about the labour supply and demand over worker-protective concerns. In addition, migration law creates particular forms of status, which affect employment relations, thereby dividing the subjects of labour law. Chapters cover the labour laws of the UK, Australia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Germany, Sweden, and the US. References are also made to discrete practices in Brazil, France, Greece, New Zealand, Mexico, Poland, and South Africa. These countries all host migrants and have developed systems of migration law reflecting very different trajectories. Some are traditional countries of immigration and settlement migration, while others have traditionally been countries of emigration but now import many workers. There are, nonetheless, common features in their immigration law which have a profound impact on labour law, for instance in their shared contemporary shift to using temporary labour migration programmes. Further chapters examine EU and international law on migration, labour rights, human rights, and human trafficking and smuggling, developing cross-jurisdictional and multi-level perspectives. Written by leading scholars of labour law, migration law, and migration studies, this book provides a diverse and multidisciplinary approach to this field of legal interaction, of interest to academics, policymakers, legal practitioners, trade unions, and migrants' groups alike.
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The Political Economy of Border Drawing

Arranging Legality in European Labor Migration Policies

Author: Regine Paul

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782385428

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 5359

The conditions for non-EU migrant workers to gain legal entry to Britain, France, and Germany are at the same time similar and quite different. To explain this variation this book compares the fine-grained legal categories for migrant workers in each country, and examines the interaction of economic, social, and cultural rationales in determining migrant legality. Rather than investigating the failure of borders to keep unauthorized migrants out, the author highlights the different policies of each country as "border-drawing" actions. Policymakers draw lines between different migrant groups, and between migrants and citizens, through considerations of both their economic utility and skills, but also their places of origin and prospects for social integration. Overall, migrant worker legality is arranged against the backdrop of the specific vision each country has of itself in an economically competitive, globalized world with rapidly changing welfare and citizenship models.
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The Political Uses of Expert Knowledge

Immigration Policy and Social Research

Author: Christina Boswell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139477611

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4497

Why do politicians and civil servants commission research and what use do they make of it in policymaking? The received wisdom is that research contributes to improving government policy. Christina Boswell challenges this view, arguing that policymakers are just as likely to value expert knowledge for two alternative reasons: as a way of lending authority to their preferences; or to signal their capacity to make sound decisions. Boswell develops a compelling new theory of the role of knowledge in policy, showing how policymakers use research to establish authority in contentious and risky areas of policy. She illustrates her argument with an analysis of European immigration policies, charting the ways in which expertise becomes a resource for lending credibility to controversial claims, underpinning high-risk decisions or bolstering the credibility of government agencies.
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How Migrant Labor is Changing Rural China

Author: Rachel Murphy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521005302

Category: Political Science

Page: 286

View: 4120

One of the most dramatic and noticeable changes in China since the introduction of economic and social reforms in the early 1980s has been the mass migration of peasants from the countryside to urban areas across the country. Murphy's in-depth fieldwork in rural China offers a rich basis for her findings about the impact of migration on many aspects of rural life: inequality; the organization of agricultural production; land transfers; livelihood diversification; spending patterns; house-building; marriage; education; the position of women; social stability; and state-society relations. Her analysis focuses on the human experiences and strategies that precipitate shifts in national and local policies for economic development, and the responses of migrants, non-migrants, and officials to changing circumstances, obstacles and opportunities. This pioneering study is rich in original source materials and anecdotes, as well as useful, comparative examples from other developing countries.
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Study on Obstacles to Effective Access of Irregular Migrants to Minimum Social Rights

Author: Ryszard Ignacy Cholewinski

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287158796

Category: Political Science

Page: 83

View: 686

This publication examines the minimum level of social rights which illegal migrants are entitled to in Council of Europe countries, as well as obstacles to access. This is done in the light of the Council of Europe's concern to promote human rights, maintain social cohesion and prevent racism and xenophobia, in counterbalance to the more restrictive approach to illegal migration adopted by the EU. Topics covered are rights in relation to housing, education, social security, health, social and welfare services, fair employment conditions and residence rights.
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The Political Economy of Refugee Migration and Foreign Aid

Author: Mathias Czaika

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9780230576889

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 4508

This book inquires the determinants of forced migration, describes the distribution of burdens from forced migration across countries, and analyzes the strategic interaction of national refugee policies to control refugee flows. Emphasis is put on the role of asymmetries between countries with respect to their preferences regarding immigrants, the costs incurred by immigrants, their stage of development and especially their geographical position as neighboring first asylum country or Western asylum country. Special attention is given to one policy instrument to control refugee migration flows, namely foreign aid. The book attempts to answer questions such as: What are the driving factors of forced migration movements? How can refugee burdens be assessed and compared across different types of host countries? Who are the actors in international refugee protection and management, and how do they act? And finally, how does the phenomenon of international refugee movements, and specifically how do asylum seekers, influence the aid allocation politics of Western industrialized countries?
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Depoliticising Migration

Global Governance and International Migration Narratives

Author: A. Pécoud

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137445939

Category: Social Science

Page: 156

View: 6186

Migration has become, since the nineties, the subject of growing international discussion and cooperation. By critically analyzing the reports produced by international organisations on migration, this book sheds light on the way these actors frame migration and develop their recommendations on how it should be governed.
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The Political Economy of Hope and Fear

Capitalism and the Black Condition in America

Author: Marcellus William Andrews

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814705200

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 3744

Popular liberal writing on race has relied on appeals to the value of "diversity" and the fading memory of the Civil Rights movement to counter the aggressive conservative assault on liberal racial reform generally, and on black well-being, in particular. Yet appeals to fairness and justice, no matter how heartfelt, are bound to fail, Marcellus Andrews argues, since the economic foundations of the Civil Rights movement have been destroyed by the combined forces of globalization, technology, and tight government budgets. The Political Economy of Hope and Fear fills an important intellectual gap in writing on race by developing a hard-nosed economic analysis of the links between competitive capitalism, racial hostility, and persistent racial inequality in post-Civil Rights America. Andrews speaks to the anger and frustration that blacks feel in the face of the nation's abandonment of racial equality as a worthy objective by showing how the considerable difficulties that black Americans face are related to fundamental changes in the economic fortunes of the U.S. The Political Economy of Hope and Fear is an economist's plea for unsentimental thinking on matters of race to replace the mixture of liberal hand wringing and conservative mythmaking that currently passes for serious analysis about the nation's racial predicament.
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After Involuntary Migration

The Political Economy of Refugee Encampments

Author: Milica Zarkovic Bookman

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739104279

Category: Political Science

Page: 233

View: 5606

In Palestine, Afghanistan, the United States, and many other places all over the world, millions of involuntarily displaced people struggle to survive in refugee camps, reservations, and internally displaced resettlement communities that have become permanent communities of their own. Bookman (economics, St. Josephs U.) examines the political economy of these communities from an international comparative perspective. Macroeconomic and microeconomic characteristics are described and the place of the communities in state and international contexts is examined. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Creative State

Forty Years of Migration and Development Policy in Morocco and Mexico

Author: Natasha Iskander

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801462045

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 6477

At the turn of the twenty-first century, with the amount of money emigrants sent home soaring to new highs, governments around the world began searching for ways to capitalize on emigration for economic growth, and they looked to nations that already had policies in place. Morocco and Mexico featured prominently as sources of "best practices" in this area, with tailor-made financial instruments that brought migrants into the banking system, captured remittances for national development projects, fostered partnerships with emigrants for infrastructure design and provision, hosted transnational forums for development planning, and emboldened cross-border political lobbies. In Creative State, Natasha Iskander chronicles how these innovative policies emerged and evolved over forty years. She reveals that the Moroccan and Mexican policies emulated as models of excellence were not initially devised to link emigration to development, but rather were deployed to strengthen both governments' domestic hold on power. The process of policy design, however, was so iterative and improvisational that neither the governments nor their migrant constituencies ever predicted, much less intended, the ways the new initiatives would gradually but fundamentally redefine nationhood, development, and citizenship. Morocco's and Mexico's experiences with migration and development policy demonstrate that far from being a prosaic institution resistant to change, the state can be a remarkable site of creativity, an essential but often overlooked component of good governance.
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The Political Economy of Affect and Emotion in East Asia

Author: Jie Yang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134634641

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 386

When thinking about the culture and economy of East Asia, many attribute to the region a range of dispositions, including a preference for consensus and social harmony, loyalty and respect towards superiors and government, family values, collectivism, and communitarianism. Affect is central to these concepts, and yet the role of affect and its animated or imagined potentialities in the political economy of East Asia has not been systematically studied. The book examines the affective dimensions of power and economy in East Asia. It illuminates the dynamics of contemporary governance, and ways of overcoming common Western assumptions about East Asian societies. Here, affect is defined as felt quality that gives meaning and imagination to social, political, and economic processes, and as this book demonstrates, it can provide an analytical tool for a nuanced and enriched analysis of social, political, and economic transformations in East Asia. Through ethnographic and media analyses, this book provides a framework for analyzing emerging phenomena in East Asia, such as happiness promotion, therapeutic governance, the psychologization of social issues, the rise of self-help genres, transnational labor migration, new ideologies of gender and the family, and mass-mediated affective communities. Through the lens of affect theory, the contributors explore changing political configurations, economic engagements, modes of belonging, and forms of subjectivity in East Asia, and use ethnographic research and discourse analysis to illustrate the affective dimensions of state and economic power and the way affect informs and inspires action. This interdisciplinary book will be of great interest to students and scholars of Asian studies, anthropology, sociology, media studies, history, cultural studies, and gender and women’s studies.
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The Political Economy of Ethnic Conflict in Sri Lanka

Economic Liberalization, Mobilizational Resources, and Ethnic Collective Action

Author: Nikolaos Biziouras

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317805534

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

View: 382

At the point of independence in 1948, Sri Lanka was projected to be a success story in the developing world. However, in July 1983 a violent ethnic conflict which pitted the Sinhalese against the Tamils began, and did not come to an end until 2009. This conflict led to nearly 50,000 combatant deaths and approximately 40,000 civilian deaths, as well as almost 1 million internally-displaced refugees and to the permanent migration abroad of nearly 130,000 civilians. With a focus on Sri Lanka, this book explores the political economy of ethnic conflict, and examines how rival political leaders are able to convince their ethnic group members to follow them into violent conflict. Specifically, it looks at how political leaders can influence and utilize changes in the level of economic liberalization in order to mobilize members of a certain ethnic group, and in the case of Sri Lanka, shows how ethnic mobilization drives can turn violent when minority ethnic groups are economically marginalized by the decisions that the majority ethnic group leaders make in order to stay in power. Taking a political economy approach to the conflict in Sri Lanka, this book is unique in its historical analysis and provides a longitudinal view of the evolution of both Tamil and Sinhalese ethnic drives. As such, this interdisciplinary study will be of interest to policy makers as well as academics in the field of South Asian studies, political science, sociology, development studies, political economy and security studies.
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The Politics of Immigration

Contradictions of the Liberal State

Author: James Hampshire

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745671411

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 2777

Immigration is one of the most contested issues on the political agenda of liberal states across Europe and North America. While these states can be open and inclusive to newcomers, they are also often restrictive and exclusionary. The Politics of Immigration examines the sources of these apparently contradictory stances, locating answers in the nature of the liberal state itself. The book shows how four defining facets of the liberal state - representative democracy, constitutionalism, capitalism, and nationhood - generate conflicting imperatives for immigration policymaking, which in turn gives rise to paradoxical, even contradictory, policies. The first few chapters of the book outline this framework, setting out the various actors, institutions and ideas associated with each facet. Subsequent chapters consider its implications for different elements of the immigration policy field, including policies towards economic and humanitarian immigration, as well as citizenship and integration. Throughout, the argument is illustrated with data and examples from the major immigrant-receiving countries of Europe and North America. This book will be essential reading for students and researchers in migration studies, politics and international relations, and all those interested in understanding why immigration remains one of the most controversial and intractable policy issues in the Western world.
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Immigration and the Political Economy of Home

West Indian Brooklyn and American Indian Minneapolis, 1945-1992

Author: Rachel Buff

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520923928

Category: Social Science

Page: 255

View: 5838

Rachel Buff's innovative study of festivals in two American communities launches a substantive inquiry into the nature of citizenship, race, and social power. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork as well as archival research, Buff compares American Indian powwows in Minneapolis with the West Indian American Day Carnival in New York. She demonstrates the historical, theoretical, and cultural links between two groups who are rarely thought of together and in so doing illuminates our understanding of the meaning of home and citizenship in the post-World War II period. The book also follows the history of federal Indian and immigration policy in this period, tracing the ways that migrant and immigrant identities are created by both national boundaries and transnational cultural memory. In addition to offering fascinating discussions of these lively and colorful festivals, Buff shows that their importance is not just as a form of performance or entertainment, but also as crucial sites for making and remaking meanings about group history and survival. Cultural performances for both groups contain a history of resistance to colonial oppression, but they also change and creatively respond to the experiences of migration and the forces of the global mass-culture industry. Accessible and engaging, Immigration and the Political Economy of Home addresses crucial contemporary issues. Powwow culture and carnival culture emerge as vital, dynamic sites that are central not only to the formation of American Indian and West Indian identities, but also to the understanding modern America itself: the history of its institution of citizenship, its postwar cities, and the nature of metropolitan culture.
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