The Political Economy of Livelihoods in Contemporary Zimbabwe

Author: Kirk Helliker,Manase Kudzai Chiweshe,Sandra Bhatasara

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351273221

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 398

Since the introduction of the fast track land reform programme in 2000, Zimbabwe has undergone major economic and political shifts and these have had a profound impact on both urban and rural livelihoods. This book provides rich empirical studies that examine a range of multi-faceted and contested livelihoods within the context of systemic crises. Taking a broad political economy approach, the chapters advance a grounded and in-depth understanding of emerging and shifting livelihood processes, strategies and resilience that foregrounds agency at household level. Highlighting an emergent scholarship amongst young black scholars in Zimbabwe, and providing an understanding of how people and communities respond to socio-economic challenges, this book is an important read for scholars of African political economy, southern African studies and livelihoods.
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The Political Economy of Land and Agrarian Development in Ethiopia

The Arssi Region since 1941

Author: Ketebo Abdiyo Ensene

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351851349

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 4076

Located in central Ethiopia, the Arssi region is one of the most productive in Ethiopia yet it has so far been neglected by scholars. This book scrutinizes the rural development of Arssi by focusing on the Swedish supported experimental venture known as the Chilalo Agricultural Development Unit (CADU) and later as the Arssi Rural Development Unit (ARDU). Ketebo Abdiyo Ensene investigates how effectively this strategy empowered the peasantry to change their farming techniques and produce beyond subsistence level. He also examines the accumulation of alienated land by the northern Ethiopian nobility through land grants, fake purchases, and other futile means of land grabs and the impact that this had on the native population. Finally, the book reassess the importance of the rural land reform of 1975 that followed the collapses of the imperial regime and argues that this was the most significant event in the history of agricultural development in Ethiopia. Land and Agrarian Development in Ethiopia will be of interest to scholars of Ethiopia, African Studies, economic history, political economy, development and agriculture.
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Land, Poverty and Livelihoods in an Era of Globalization

Perspectives from Developing and Transition Countries

Author: A. Haroon Akram-Lodhi,Saturnino M. Borras Jr.,Cristóbal Kay

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134121911

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 448

View: 8315

A host of internationally eminent scholars are brought together here to explore the structural causes of rural poverty and income inequality, as well as the processes of social exclusion and political subordination encountered by the peasantry and rural workers across a wide range of countries. This volume examines the intersection of politics and economics and provides a critical analysis and framework for the study of neo-liberal land policies in the current phase of globalization. Utilizing new empirical evidence from ten countries, it provides an in-depth analysis of key country studies, a comparative analysis of agrarian reforms and their impact on rural poverty in Africa, Asia, Latin America and transition countries. Presenting an agrarian reform policy embedded in an appropriate development strategy, which is able to significantly reduce and hopefully eliminate rural poverty, this work is a key resource for postgraduate students studying in the areas of development economics, development studies and international political economy.
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Zimbabwe's Fast Track Land Reform

Author: Prosper B. Matondi

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1780321511

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 5486

The Fast Track Land Reform Programme in Zimbabwe has emerged as a highly contested reform process both nationally and internationally. The image of it has all too often been that of the widespread displacement and subsequent replacement of various people, agricultural-related production systems, facets and processes. The reality, however, is altogether more complex. Providing new and much-needed empirical research, this in-depth book examines how processes such as land acquisition, allocation, transitional production outcomes, social life, gender and tenure, have influenced and been influenced by the forces driving the programme. It also explores the ways in which the land reform programme has created a new agrarian structure based on small- to medium-scale farmers. In attempting to resolve the problematic issues the reforms have raised, the author argues that it is this new agrarian formation which provides the greatest scope for improving Zimbabwe’s agriculture and development. Based on a broader geographical scope than any previous study carried out on the subject, this is a landmark work on a subject of considerable controversy.
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Women, Mobility and Rural Livelihoods in Zimbabwe

Experiences of Fast Track Land Reform

Author: Patience Mutopo

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 900428155X

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 5964

This book through detailed ethnographic methodology investigates the role women play in a post fast track land environment. The author examines how the hidden access to land, enabled the women to engage in agro based livelihoods and transitory mobility through social networks.
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Circular Migration in Zimbabwe & Contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Deborah Helen Potts

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 1847010237

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 7194

The World Bank insists that the urban share of sub-Saharan Africa's population is rapidly increasing - this study shows that in many countries this is no longer true as migration strategies have adapted in response to economic and political change.
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Outcomes of post-2000 Fast Track Land Reform in Zimbabwe

Author: Lionel Cliffe,Jocelyn Alexander,Ben Cousins,Rudo Gaidzanwa

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317981251

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 6960

The struggle over land has been the central issue in Zimbabwe ever since white settlers began to carve out large farms over a century ago. Their monopolisation of the better-watered half of the land was the focus of the African war of liberation war, and was partially modified following Independence in 1980. A dramatic further episode in this history was launched at the start of the last decade with the occupation of many farms by groups of African veterans of the liberation struggle and their supporters, which was then institutionalised by legislation to take over most of the large commercial farms for sub-division. Sustained fieldwork over the intervening years, by teams of scholars and experts, and by individual researchers is now generating an array of evidence-based findings of the outcomes: how land was acquired and disposed of; how it has been used; how far new farmers have carved out new livelihoods and viable new communities; the major political and economic problems they and other stakeholders such as former farm-workers, commercial farmers, and the overall rural society now face. This book will be an essential starting place for analysts, policy-makers, historians and activists seeking to understand what has happened and to spotlight the key issues for the next decade. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Peasant Studies.
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Trampled No More

Voices from Bulawayo's Townships about Families, Life, Survival, and Social Change in Zimbabwe

Author: Otrude Nontobeko Moyo

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN: 9780761836360

Category: Social Science

Page: 303

View: 2167

"The stories of the Zimbabwean situation, particularly those of the urban townships of Bulawayo, are narrated through the voices of family members recounting their personal circumstances and what they perceive as the primary factors contributing to their repressed positions in the socioeconomical hierarchy. Professor Moyo goes behind the scenes in order to dismantle the simplistic "blame game" which asserts that the deterioration of Zimbabwe was caused solely by the current ZANU-PF lead government." "The study details the historical context and interpretations of history, which led to the much-discussed Zimbabwean political and economic crisis. Through the narratives of the Zimbabwean people, Professor Moyo highlights some of the acute strategies they and their families have used to survive as a way to explore future policy avenues that take into account people's "agentiveness" (the capacity to overcome unfavorable conditions by utilizing what little resources are available), Zimbabwe's greatest asset."--BOOK JACKET.
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African Water Histories

Transdisciplinary Discourses

Author: Johann W. N. Tempelhoff

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Water

Page: 368

View: 2684

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Re-conceiving Property Rights in the New Millennium

Towards a New Sustainable Land Relations Policy

Author: Ben Chigara

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136656243

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 4101

This book constitutes volume two of a two volume examination of development community land issues in Southern Africa. Following from volume one Southern African Development Community Land Issues, this book considers the possibility of a new, sustainable land relations policy for Southern African Development Community States (SADC) that are currently mired up in land disputes that have become subject of domestic, regional and international tribunals. Chigara demonstrates that land relations in the SADC have always been, and will perhaps remain, a matter for constitutional regulation. Because constitutional laws are distinctive from other laws only by constitutional design, legal contests appear to be the least likely means for settlement in the sub-region. Only human rights inspired policies, that respond to the call for social justice by acknowledging both the current and the underlying contexts to the disputes, hold the most potential to resolve these disputes. The book recommends efficient pedagogical counter-apartheid-rule psychological distortions regarding the significance of human dignity (PECAPDISH) as a pre-requisite and corollary to the dismantling of the salient physical legacy of apartheid-rule in affected SADC States. The book shows that PECAPDISH’s potential and benefits would be enormous. The book will be of interest to students and researchers of Property and Conveyancing Law, Human Rights Law, and Land Law.
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Bodenrecht

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 230

View: 4581

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Peasants and Globalization

Political Economy, Agrarian Transformation and Development

Author: A. Haroon Akram-Lodhi,Cristóbal Kay

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134064640

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 1982

In 2007, for the first time in human history, a majority of the world’s population lived in cities. However, on a global scale, poverty overwhelmingly retains a rural face. This book assembles an unparalleled group of internationally-eminent scholars in the field of rural development and social change in order to explore historical and contemporary processes of agrarian change and transformation and their consequent impact upon the livelihoods, poverty and well-being of those who live in the countryside. The book provides a critical analysis of the extent to which rural development trajectories have in the past and are now promoting a change in rural production processes, the accumulation of rural resources, and shifts in rural politics, and the implications of such trajectories for peasant livelihoods and rural workers in an era of globalization. Peasants and Globalization thus explores continuity and change in the debate on the ‘agrarian question’, from its early formulation in the late 19th century to the continuing relevance it has in our times, including chapters from Terence Byres, Amiya Bagchi, Ellen Wood, Farshad Araghi, Henry Bernstein, Saturnino M Borras, Ray Kiely, Michael Watts and Philip McMichael. Collectively, the contributors argue that neoliberal social and economic policies have, in deepening the market imperative governing the contemporary world food system, not only failed to tackle to underlying causes of rural poverty but have indeed deepened the agrarian crisis currently confronting the livelihoods of peasant farmers and rural workers. This crisis does not go unchallenged, as rural social movements have emerged, for the first time, on a transnational scale. Confronting development policies that are unable to reduce, let alone eliminate, rural poverty, transnational rural social movements are attempting to construct a more just future for the world’s farmers and rural workers.
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The bright lights grow fainter

livelihoods, migration and a small town in Zimbabwe

Author: Agnes Andersson

Publisher: Almqvist & Wiksell Intl

ISBN: 9789122019671

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 206

View: 1066

Small towns are growing in Africa. Located at the interface between the rural and the urban they seem to offer opportunities for households and individuals to combine resources in ways that can keep poor people afloat in the current era of dramatic transformation of their conditions for livelihood. Liberalization and structural adjustment in combination with the disastrous effects of the Aids pandemic have put heavy pressures on the conditions of poorer sections of the population. Major adjustments in livelihood strategies are obviously required.Among these are new patterns of mobility and new provisioning relations which are also bound to lead to changes in the settlement patterns. This study seeks to establish how the individual migrant uses mobility to negotiate the economic landscape
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Contested Terrain

Land Reform and Civil Society in Contemporary Zimbabwe

Author: Sam Moyo,Kirk Helliker,Tendai Murisa

Publisher: S&s Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Civil society

Page: 410

View: 6809

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