The Political Economy of Consumer Behavior

Contesting Consumption

Author: Bruce Pietrykowski

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0203882326

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 198

View: 8477

Consumption forms a major part of people’s lives. As such, geographers, historians of technology and sociologists have devoted much attention to trying to figure out what makes consumption meaningful. By contrast, economists have been content to hold onto theories of consumption that depend on a self-interested representative agent making utility maximizing decisions. Pietrykowski develops this alternative account through the recovery of past attempts to forge a different analytical approach to the study of consumption. In particular, theories of consumption espoused by home economists, psychological economists and Regulation school theorists are critically reviewed. These research projects, marginalized by the mainstream, are the precursors of contemporary scholarship in feminist, behavioural and radical political economics. Reclaiming this work greatly enlarges the scope for contemporary research in consumer behavior. Pietrykowski then provides a richly textured set of case studies of green automobility, slow food and alternative/local currency in order to explore the diversity of user cultures and to highlight resistant forms of consumer practice. By carefully interweaving historical and interdisciplinary research Pietrykowski creates a lively and incisive critique of mainstream economics This monograph will be of interest to academic economists, sociologists, historians and graduate students. In addition, the economics of consumption would also be of interest to readers in management, marketing and schools of business administration.
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The Political Economy of Consumer Behavior

Contesting Consumption

Author: Bruce Pietrykowski

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135978689

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 9134

Consumption forms a major part of people’s lives. As such, geographers, historians of technology and sociologists have devoted much attention to trying to figure out what makes consumption meaningful. By contrast, economists have been content to hold onto theories of consumption that depend on a self-interested representative agent making utility maximizing decisions. Pietrykowski develops this alternative account through the recovery of past attempts to forge a different analytical approach to the study of consumption. In particular, theories of consumption espoused by home economists, psychological economists and Regulation school theorists are critically reviewed. These research projects, marginalized by the mainstream, are the precursors of contemporary scholarship in feminist, behavioural and radical political economics. Reclaiming this work greatly enlarges the scope for contemporary research in consumer behavior. Pietrykowski then provides a richly textured set of case studies of green automobility, slow food and alternative/local currency in order to explore the diversity of user cultures and to highlight resistant forms of consumer practice. By carefully interweaving historical and interdisciplinary research Pietrykowski creates a lively and incisive critique of mainstream economics This monograph will be of interest to academic economists, sociologists, historians and graduate students. In addition, the economics of consumption would also be of interest to readers in management, marketing and schools of business administration.
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Consuming People

From Political Economy to Theatres of Consumption

Author: Nikhilesh Dholakia,A. Fuat Firat

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134706332

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 7860

Consumption is widely regarded as one of the most important phenomena in contemporary society, but, till now, there has been very little analysis of how consumption patterns evolve, transform and proliferate. This revealing book provides an incisive treatment of consumption on a global scale from a cultural, philosophical and business perspective. Beginning with an analysis of how a dominant form of consumption pattern took hold in modern, capitalist, market economies, this book explores the contemporary changes and paradoxes in our consumption patterns during the transitional period from the modern to the postmodern. The text focuses on the forces shaping American consumption patterns, from corporations to Hollywood, and concludes with an analysis of the emerging trans-modern possibilities of the new 'theatre of consumption' where communities with a variety of consumption styles will flourish. This is an original and radical analysis in which its first-rate authors structure this key topic in a multi-disciplinary and forward-thinking way. As such, it will be of great interest to students and researchers of consumer behaviour in business and the social sciences, as well as those concerned with contemporary cultural transformations.
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Social Psychology and Theories of Consumer Culture

A Political Economy Perspective

Author: Matthew McDonald,Stephen Wearing

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415560039

Category: Psychology

Page: 172

View: 7953

Social Psychology and Theories of Consumer Culture: A Political Economy Perspective presents a critical analysis of the leading positions in social psychology from the perspective of classical and contemporary theories of consumer culture. The analysis seeks to expand social psychological theory by focusing on the interface between modern western culture (consumer culture) and social behaviour. McDonald and Wearing argue that if social psychology is to play a meaningful role in solving some of society’s most pressing problems (e.g. global warming, obesity, addiction, alienation, and exclusion) then it needs to incorporate a more comprehensive understanding and analysis of consumer culture. Wide-ranging and challenging, the book offers a fresh insight into critical social psychology appropriate for upper undergraduate and postgraduate courses in personality, social psychology, critical and applied psychology. It will also appeal to those working in clinical, counselling, abnormal, and environmental psychology and anyone with an interest in the integration of social psychology and theories of consumer culture.
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The Political Economy of Pipelines

A Century of Comparative Institutional Development

Author: Jeff D. Makholm

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226502120

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 9964

With global demand for energy poised to increase by more than half in the next three decades, the supply of safe, reliable, and reasonably priced gas and oil will continue to be of fundamental importance to modern economies. Central to this supply are the pipelines that transport this energy. And while the fundamental economics of the major pipeline networks are the same, the differences in their ownership, commercial development, and operation can provide insight into the workings of market institutions in various nations. Drawing on a century of the world’s experience with gas and oil pipelines, this book illustrates the importance of economics in explaining the evolution of pipeline politics in various countries. It demonstrates that institutional differences influence ownership and regulation, while rents and consumer pricing depend on the size and diversity of existing markets, the depth of regulatory institutions, and the historical structure of the pipeline businesses themselves. The history of pipelines is also rife with social conflict, and Makholm explains how and when institutions in a variety of countries have controlled pipeline behavior—either through economic regulation or government ownership—in the public interest.
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A Political Economy of Attention, Mindfulness and Consumerism

Reclaiming the Mindful Commons

Author: Peter Doran

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317743415

Category: Political Science

Page: 116

View: 8168

The power of capital is the power to target our attention, mould market-ready identities, and reduce the public realm to an endless series of choices. This has far-reaching implications for our psychological, physical and spiritual well-being, and ultimately for our global ecology. In this consumer age, the underlying teachings of Buddhist mindfulness offer more than individual well-being and resilience. They also offer new sources of critical inquiry into our collective condition, and may point, in time, to regulatory initiatives in the field of well-being. This book draws together lively debates from the new economics of transition, commons and well-being, consumerism, and the emerging role of mindfulness in popular culture. Engaged Buddhist practices and teachings correspond closely to insights in contemporary political philosophical investigations into the nature of power, notably by Michel Foucault. The 'attention economy' can be understood as a new arena of struggle in our age of neoliberal governmentality; as the forces of enclosure – having colonized forests, land and the bodies of workers – are now extended to the realm of our minds and subjectivity. This poses questions about the recovery of the 'mindful commons': the practices we must cultivate to reclaim our attention, time and lives from the forces of capitalization.? This is a valuable resource for students and scholars of environmental philosophy, environmental psychology, environmental sociology, well-being and new economics, political economy, environmental politics, the commons and law, as well as Buddhist theory and philosophy.
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A Consumers' Republic

The Politics of Mass Consumption in Postwar America

Author: Lizabeth Cohen

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307555364

Category: History

Page: 576

View: 3248

In this signal work of history, Bancroft Prize winner and Pulitzer Prize finalist Lizabeth Cohen shows how the pursuit of prosperity after World War II fueled our pervasive consumer mentality and transformed American life. Trumpeted as a means to promote the general welfare, mass consumption quickly outgrew its economic objectives and became synonymous with patriotism, social equality, and the American Dream. Material goods came to embody the promise of America, and the power of consumers to purchase everything from vacuum cleaners to convertibles gave rise to the power of citizens to purchase political influence and effect social change. Yet despite undeniable successes and unprecedented affluence, mass consumption also fostered economic inequality and the fracturing of society along gender, class, and racial lines. In charting the complex legacy of our “Consumers’ Republic” Lizabeth Cohen has written a bold, encompassing, and profoundly influential book. From the Trade Paperback edition.
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Agreement on Demand

Consumer Theory in the Twentieth Century

Author: Philip Mirowski,D. Wade Hands

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 406

View: 9252

While the theory of demand—that consumers buy more as prices fall and buy less as they rise—is decidedly uncontroversial in mainstream economics, the absence of controversy belies the theory’s contentious and complicated history. This volume provides a better understanding of the history of demand theory and its relationship to major theoretical developments in twentieth-century microeconomics. Contributors investigate demand theory as it stabilized in the first half of the twentieth century by examining the Hicks-Allen composite commodity, French mathematician Jean Ville’s contribution to consumption theory, Walrasian theories of markets with adverse selection, and the Sonnenschein-Mantel-Debreu theorem. They analyze the relationship between demand theory and both the broader program of neoclassical economics and developments within contemporary economic theory. This volume demonstrates that demand theory is more complicated than it is generally imagined to be. Contributors. H. Spencer Banzhaf, John S. Chipman, Manuel Fernandez-Grela, François Gardes, Pierre Garrouste, J. Daniel Hammond, D. Wade Hands, Alan Kirman, Kyu Sang Lee, Jean-Sébastien Lenfant, Philip Mirowski, S. Abu Turab Rizvi, Maarten Pieter Schinkel, Esther-Mirjam Sent, Shyam Sunder, Fernando Tohmé
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The Ethical Consumer

Author: Rob Harrison,Terry Newholm,Deirdre Shaw

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412903530

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 259

View: 9251

Focusing on ethical consumers, their behaviour, discourses and narratives as well as the social and political contexts in which they operate, this text provides a summary of the manner and effectiveness of their actions.
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The Consumer, Credit and Neoliberalism

Governing the Modern Economy

Author: Christopher Payne

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415680115

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 227

View: 4903

This book is an investigation into the economic policy formulation and practice of neoliberalism in Britain from the 1950s through to the financial crisis and economic downturn that began in 2007-8. It demonstrates that influential economists, such as F.A. Hayek and Milton Friedman, authors at key British think tanks such as the Institute of Economic Affairs and the Centre for Policy Studies, and important political figures of the Thatcher and New Labour governments shared a similar conception of the consumer. For neoliberals, the idea that consumers were weak in the face of businesses and large corporations was almost offensive. Instead, consumers were imagined to be sovereign agents in the economy, whose consumption decisions played a central role in the construction of their human capital and in the enabling of their aspirations. Consumption, just like production, came to be viewed as an enterprising and entrepreneurial activity. Consequently, from the early 1980s until the present day, it was felt necessary that banks should have the freedom to meet the borrowing needs of consumers. Credit rationing would be a thing of the past. Just like businesses, consumers and households could use debt to expand their stock of personal assets. By utilizing the method of French philosopher Michel Foucault this book provides an original analysis of the policy ideas and political speeches of key figures in the New Right, in government and at the Bank of England. And it addresses the key question as to why policy-makers both in Britain and the United States did little or nothing to stem rising consumer and household indebtedness, instead always choosing to see increasing house prices and homeownership as a positive to be encouraged.
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The Political Economy of Diet, Health and Food Policy

Author: Ben Fine

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134713541

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 176

View: 9405

The Political Economy of Diet and Health continues the exploration of food systems theory begun in the author's previous publications. It presents a critical exposition of food systems theory and analyses the existing approaches to food consumption. Subjects include: * resolving the diet paradox * the impact of the EU * the lack of policy in the UK * an exploration of the 'diseases of affluence'.
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Pocketbook Politics

Economic Citizenship in Twentieth-century America

Author: Meg Jacobs

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691086644

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 349

View: 869

"Beginning with the explosion of prices at the turn of the century, every strike, demonstration, and boycott was, in effect, a protest against rising prices and inadequate income. On one side, a reform coalition of ordinary Americans, mass retailers, and national politicians fought for laws and policies that promoted militant unionism, government price controls, and a Keynesian program of full employment. On the other, small businessmen fiercely resisted this low-price, high-wage agenda, which threatened to bankrupt them.".
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The Political Economy of the World Bank

The Early Years

Author: Michele Alacevich

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821376470

Category: Political Science

Page: 197

View: 7595

From the Publisher: The Political Economy of the World Bank: The Early Years is a fascinating study of economic history. This text describes perhaps what is the most crucial time for development economics: the birth of the "third world," the creation of development economics as a discipline, and the establishment of the World Bank's leading role in development. Using previously unavailable archival material, Michele Alacevich takes a close look at the years during which the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development-now known as the World Bank- turned its attention from reconstruction to development, having been upstaged by the Marshall Plan. He describes the "Currie Mission" to Colombia (1949-1954), the World Bank's first general survey mission in a developing nation. With the Currie Mission as a starting point and a case study, Alacevich analyzes the complexities of the Bank's first steps toward economic and social development in poorer nations, and helps the reader understand some foundational questions about development that are still of great relevance today. The Political Economy of the World Bank: The Early Years is essential reading for anyone interested in the economic history of international development as a lens for better understanding current development issues.
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Canonical Authors in Consumption Theory

Author: Søren Askegaard,Benoît Heilbrunn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317233964

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 290

View: 5168

Canonical Authors in Consumption Theory is the first work to compile the contributions of the greatest social thinkers in the global conversation about consumption and consumer culture. A prestigious reference work, it offers original chapters by the world's most prominent thought leaders and surveys how the work of historical theorists has influenced and shaped consumption theory, both through history and at the cutting edge of research. Consumption is at the core of contemporary lifestyles, of political successes and failures and of discussions around sustainability and environmental change. Contemporary consumer culture shapes modern identities, and is the engine of the globalizing capitalist economy. Still, most social theorizations over the last century and a half have addressed production processes rather than consumption processes. This is about to change. Studies of consumption play an increasing role as a topic and a domain of study in marketing, anthropology, sociology and cultural studies. Currently, there is no single compilation that systematically links scholarly work published by the greatest social thinkers of the last 150 years to the understanding of contemporary consumer society. This book provides a solid framework for understanding the relevance of these canonical authors in social theory to facilitate analysis of consumer culture, and to act as a comprehensive reference point for consumer researchers, doctoral students and practitioners.
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The political economy of food and nutrition policies

Author: Per Pinstrup-Andersen

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0801844800

Category: Social Science

Page: 302

View: 7141

Few nutritionists and economists fully appreciate how the political environment shapes policy and subsequently affects the relevance of their policy recommendations When governments fail to follow the recommendations of nutritionists and economists and are unable to design and implement cost-effective nutrition programs and policies, it is often attributed to “politics” or to lack of “political will” on the part of decisionmakers Past nutrition planning efforts frequently failed to understand the goals and behavior of the various agents and institutions inside and outside the government that, in the final analysis, determine whether the planning effort is successful In The Political Economy of Food and Nutrition Policies, Per Pinstrup-Andersen brings together a group of distinguished authorities to improve the understanding of how nutrition policies are formulated within larger political and economic contexts and how public-sector agencies behave with regard to food and nutrition.
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Consumer Behaviour in Tourism

Author: Susan Horner,John Swarbrooke

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317746899

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 464

View: 8956

Now fully revised and updated, the third edition of this bestselling text provides students with a vital understanding of the nature of tourism and contemporary tourists behaviour in political, social and economic context and how this knowledge can be used to manage and market effectively in a variety of tourism sectors including: tourism operations, tourist destinations, hospitality, visitor attractions, retail travel and transport. This third edition has been updated to include: New material on the impacts of IT on research and marketing communications, the rise and influence of social media and virtual technology, the growth in the interest of sustainable tourism products including slow food, the experience economy and new consumer experiences including fulfilment. New international case studies throughout including growth regions such as the Middle East, Russia, Europe, China, India and Brazil. New companion website including Power point slides and a case archive. Each chapter features conclusions, discussion points and essay questions, and exercises, at the end, to help tutors direct student-centred learning and to allow the reader to check their understanding of what they have read. This book is an invaluable resource for students following tourism courses.
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The Politics of Consumption

Material Culture and Citizenship in Europe and America

Author: Martin Daunton,Matthew Hilton

Publisher: Berg Publishers

ISBN: 9781859734711

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 310

View: 1182

This volume explores the emergence of the rational consuming individual in modern economic thought; the moral and ideological values consumers have attached to their relationships with commodities; and the practices and theories of consumer citizenship within the state. Please note that images or diagrams have been excluded from this text due to copyright restrictions.
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The Economics and Political Economy of Energy Subsidies

Author: Jon Strand

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262337495

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

View: 4011

Government subsidies to energy are widespread and represent a heavy burden on public budgets in many countries. Both producers and consumers may be subsidized; the most common subsidies are for motor fuel consumption and electricity production and consumption. The subsidies to consumers often prove particularly harmful because they result in increased energy consumption, increased carbon emissions, and distortionary effects on consumer behavior. This book fills a void in the literature by providing a first, broad and diverse, analysis of several aspects of the economic and political economy aspects of government energy subsidies. The contributors take both theoretical and empirical approaches, with most of the focus on subsidies to fuel and electricity in non-OECD countries.The chapters cover such topics as energy pricing, reelection incentives for politicians that may encourage excessive subsidies; political corruption and "bribing equilibria," the the "resource curse" in developing countries when the gains from natural resource windfalls are largely wasted, the "entitlement" of energy subsidies in autocracies, and distributional issues when subsidies targeted to the poor are removed in high-income countries. One chapter discusses nonharmful subsidies: the potential economic effects of subsidizing the manufacturing and deployment of renewable energy. ContributorsCarolyn Fischer, Mads Greaker, Mohammad Habibpour, Michelle Harding, Christina Kolerus, Christos Kotsogiannis, Jim Krane, Alber Touna Mama, Raffaele Miniaci, Marco Pani, Ian Parry, Carlo Perroni, Leonzio Rizzo, Knut Einar Rosendahl, Carlo Scarpa, Neda Seiban, Suphi Sen, Jon Strand, Paola Valbonesi, Herman Vollebergh
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