The Political Economy of Consumer Behavior

Contesting Consumption

Author: Bruce Pietrykowski

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135978689

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 6187

Consumption forms a major part of people’s lives. As such, geographers, historians of technology and sociologists have devoted much attention to trying to figure out what makes consumption meaningful. By contrast, economists have been content to hold onto theories of consumption that depend on a self-interested representative agent making utility maximizing decisions. Pietrykowski develops this alternative account through the recovery of past attempts to forge a different analytical approach to the study of consumption. In particular, theories of consumption espoused by home economists, psychological economists and Regulation school theorists are critically reviewed. These research projects, marginalized by the mainstream, are the precursors of contemporary scholarship in feminist, behavioural and radical political economics. Reclaiming this work greatly enlarges the scope for contemporary research in consumer behavior. Pietrykowski then provides a richly textured set of case studies of green automobility, slow food and alternative/local currency in order to explore the diversity of user cultures and to highlight resistant forms of consumer practice. By carefully interweaving historical and interdisciplinary research Pietrykowski creates a lively and incisive critique of mainstream economics This monograph will be of interest to academic economists, sociologists, historians and graduate students. In addition, the economics of consumption would also be of interest to readers in management, marketing and schools of business administration.
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Social Psychology and Theories of Consumer Culture

A Political Economy Perspective

Author: Matthew McDonald,Stephen Wearing

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415560039

Category: Psychology

Page: 172

View: 6936

Social Psychology and Theories of Consumer Culture: A Political Economy Perspective presents a critical analysis of the leading positions in social psychology from the perspective of classical and contemporary theories of consumer culture. The analysis seeks to expand social psychological theory by focusing on the interface between modern western culture (consumer culture) and social behaviour. McDonald and Wearing argue that if social psychology is to play a meaningful role in solving some of society’s most pressing problems (e.g. global warming, obesity, addiction, alienation, and exclusion) then it needs to incorporate a more comprehensive understanding and analysis of consumer culture. Wide-ranging and challenging, the book offers a fresh insight into critical social psychology appropriate for upper undergraduate and postgraduate courses in personality, social psychology, critical and applied psychology. It will also appeal to those working in clinical, counselling, abnormal, and environmental psychology and anyone with an interest in the integration of social psychology and theories of consumer culture.
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Consuming People

From Political Economy to Theatres of Consumption

Author: Nikhilesh Dholakia,A. Fuat Firat

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134706332

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 4553

Consumption is widely regarded as one of the most important phenomena in contemporary society, but, till now, there has been very little analysis of how consumption patterns evolve, transform and proliferate. This revealing book provides an incisive treatment of consumption on a global scale from a cultural, philosophical and business perspective. Beginning with an analysis of how a dominant form of consumption pattern took hold in modern, capitalist, market economies, this book explores the contemporary changes and paradoxes in our consumption patterns during the transitional period from the modern to the postmodern. The text focuses on the forces shaping American consumption patterns, from corporations to Hollywood, and concludes with an analysis of the emerging trans-modern possibilities of the new 'theatre of consumption' where communities with a variety of consumption styles will flourish. This is an original and radical analysis in which its first-rate authors structure this key topic in a multi-disciplinary and forward-thinking way. As such, it will be of great interest to students and researchers of consumer behaviour in business and the social sciences, as well as those concerned with contemporary cultural transformations.
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A Consumer's Republic

The Politics of Mass Consumption in Postwar America

Author: Lizabeth Cohen

Publisher: Alfred a Knopf Incorporated

ISBN: 9780375407505

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 567

View: 8864

This social and political history is a fascinating exploration of how Americans' participation in mass consumption became a basic component of citizenship in the second half of the 20th century. 3 maps & 64 illustrations.
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The Political Economy of Diet, Health and Food Policy

Author: Ben Fine

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134713541

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 176

View: 3369

The Political Economy of Diet and Health continues the exploration of food systems theory begun in the author's previous publications. It presents a critical exposition of food systems theory and analyses the existing approaches to food consumption. Subjects include: * resolving the diet paradox * the impact of the EU * the lack of policy in the UK * an exploration of the 'diseases of affluence'.
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The Political Economy of Pipelines

A Century of Comparative Institutional Development

Author: Jeff D. Makholm

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226502120

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 3933

With global demand for energy poised to increase by more than half in the next three decades, the supply of safe, reliable, and reasonably priced gas and oil will continue to be of fundamental importance to modern economies. Central to this supply are the pipelines that transport this energy. And while the fundamental economics of the major pipeline networks are the same, the differences in their ownership, commercial development, and operation can provide insight into the workings of market institutions in various nations. Drawing on a century of the world’s experience with gas and oil pipelines, this book illustrates the importance of economics in explaining the evolution of pipeline politics in various countries. It demonstrates that institutional differences influence ownership and regulation, while rents and consumer pricing depend on the size and diversity of existing markets, the depth of regulatory institutions, and the historical structure of the pipeline businesses themselves. The history of pipelines is also rife with social conflict, and Makholm explains how and when institutions in a variety of countries have controlled pipeline behavior—either through economic regulation or government ownership—in the public interest.
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The Political Economy of the World Bank

The Early Years

Author: Michele Alacevich

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821376470

Category: Political Science

Page: 197

View: 709

From the Publisher: The Political Economy of the World Bank: The Early Years is a fascinating study of economic history. This text describes perhaps what is the most crucial time for development economics: the birth of the "third world," the creation of development economics as a discipline, and the establishment of the World Bank's leading role in development. Using previously unavailable archival material, Michele Alacevich takes a close look at the years during which the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development-now known as the World Bank- turned its attention from reconstruction to development, having been upstaged by the Marshall Plan. He describes the "Currie Mission" to Colombia (1949-1954), the World Bank's first general survey mission in a developing nation. With the Currie Mission as a starting point and a case study, Alacevich analyzes the complexities of the Bank's first steps toward economic and social development in poorer nations, and helps the reader understand some foundational questions about development that are still of great relevance today. The Political Economy of the World Bank: The Early Years is essential reading for anyone interested in the economic history of international development as a lens for better understanding current development issues.
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The political economy of food and nutrition policies

Author: Per Pinstrup-Andersen

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0801844800

Category: Social Science

Page: 302

View: 1719

Few nutritionists and economists fully appreciate how the political environment shapes policy and subsequently affects the relevance of their policy recommendations When governments fail to follow the recommendations of nutritionists and economists and are unable to design and implement cost-effective nutrition programs and policies, it is often attributed to “politics” or to lack of “political will” on the part of decisionmakers Past nutrition planning efforts frequently failed to understand the goals and behavior of the various agents and institutions inside and outside the government that, in the final analysis, determine whether the planning effort is successful In The Political Economy of Food and Nutrition Policies, Per Pinstrup-Andersen brings together a group of distinguished authorities to improve the understanding of how nutrition policies are formulated within larger political and economic contexts and how public-sector agencies behave with regard to food and nutrition.
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A Political Economy of Attention, Mindfulness and Consumerism

Reclaiming the Mindful Commons

Author: Peter Doran

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317743423

Category: Political Science

Page: 116

View: 4443

The power of capital is the power to target our attention, mould market-ready identities, and reduce the public realm to an endless series of choices. This has far-reaching implications for our psychological, physical and spiritual well-being, and ultimately for our global ecology. In this consumer age, the underlying teachings of Buddhist mindfulness offer more than individual well-being and resilience. They also offer new sources of critical inquiry into our collective condition, and may point, in time, to regulatory initiatives in the field of well-being. This book draws together lively debates from the new economics of transition, commons and well-being, consumerism, and the emerging role of mindfulness in popular culture. Engaged Buddhist practices and teachings correspond closely to insights in contemporary political philosophical investigations into the nature of power, notably by Michel Foucault. The 'attention economy' can be understood as a new arena of struggle in our age of neoliberal governmentality; as the forces of enclosure – having colonized forests, land and the bodies of workers – are now extended to the realm of our minds and subjectivity. This poses questions about the recovery of the 'mindful commons': the practices we must cultivate to reclaim our attention, time and lives from the forces of capitalization. This is a valuable resource for students and scholars of environmental philosophy, environmental psychology, environmental sociology, well-being and new economics, political economy, environmental politics, the commons and law, as well as Buddhist theory and philosophy.
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The Active Consumer

Novelty and Surprise in Consumer Choice

Author: Marina Bianchi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113469380X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 2881

The Active Consumer discusses how consumers seem to delight in trying new solutions and exploring new combinatory possibilities. This book provides an economic-theoretical understanding of this phenomenon and the many ways in which innovation can structure consumer choice. The authors show from different points of view how central novelty can be in consumer behaviour, how it relates to technical change and how new consumer capabilities are developed and organized.
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Pocketbook Politics

Economic Citizenship in Twentieth-century America

Author: Meg Jacobs

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691086644

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 349

View: 1434

"Beginning with the explosion of prices at the turn of the century, every strike, demonstration, and boycott was, in effect, a protest against rising prices and inadequate income. On one side, a reform coalition of ordinary Americans, mass retailers, and national politicians fought for laws and policies that promoted militant unionism, government price controls, and a Keynesian program of full employment. On the other, small businessmen fiercely resisted this low-price, high-wage agenda, which threatened to bankrupt them.".
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The Political Economy of Special-Purpose Government

Author: Kathryn A. Foster

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 9781589014558

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 7033

In recent decades, local governments across America have increasingly turned specialized functions over to autonomous agencies ranging in scope from subdivision-sized water districts to multi-state transit authorities. This book is the first comprehensive examination of the causes and consequences of special-purpose governments in more than 300 metropolitan areas in the United States. It presents new evidence on the economic, political, and social implications of relying on these special districts while offering important findings about their use and significance.
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The Politics of Consumption

Material Culture and Citizenship in Europe and America

Author: Martin Daunton,Matthew Hilton

Publisher: Berg Publishers

ISBN: 9781859734711

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 310

View: 9101

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The Political Economy of Status

Superstars, Markets and Culture Change

Author: Theodore Koutsobinas

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1783477458

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 4968

In this timely book, Theodore Koutsobinas explores the system of status markets and their social effects including inequality. He explains how media fascination with superstars and luxury consumption goods amplify positional concerns for all, distort t
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The Political Economy of Japanese Monetary Policy

Author: Thomas F. Cargill,Michael M. Hutchison,Takatoshi Ito

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262262071

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 246

View: 2312

In The Political Economy of Japanese Monetary Policy, Cargill, Hutchison, and Takatoshi investigate the formulation and execution of monetary and financial policies in Japan within a broad technical, political, and institutional context. Their emphasis is on the period since the collapse of the Bretton Woods system of fixed exchange rates in the early 1970s, and on the effects of policies and institutions in shaping the modern Japanese economy. The authors present basic themes and recent developments, as well as their own research findings. They also review and integrate the large literature in the area. They consider theoretical arguments and empirical evidence for each topic discussed.Topics covered include Japan's low inflation record (despite the central bank's lack of formal independence from the government); politically motivated business cycles and the timing of elections; exchange rate policy and international policy coordination; the historical development of central banking; Japan's "bubble economy" of the 1980s; and the causes, magnitude, and regulatory responses to Japan's banking and financial crisis of the 1990s.
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The WTO and the Political Economy of Trade Policy

Author: Wilfred Ethier,Arye L. Hillman

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 599

View: 1610

Covers topics such as unilateral and multilateral trade policies, international trade agreements and administered protection. This book presents a discussion of the political economy approach, the development of multilateral trade agreements, the trade and internal motives that guide unilateral trade policy.
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The Political Economy of Science, Technology and Innovation

Author: Ben R. Martin,Paul Nightingale

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 678

View: 7249

Technical change has radically altered economic development in the industrialised world and it has become ever more important to understand the sources, nature and consequences of innovation. the Political Economy of Science, Technology and Innovation is an authoritative collection of the most important papers by leading international scholars in this field. This collection is divided into five sections which cover the historical roots of the subject, the function of science in technological innovation and economic growth, technological development, the generation of new products and processes, and the climate for innovation in industry. Each section consists of path-breaking classic papers that have defined the field together with more recent papers which indicate current research activity.
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Cultural Political Economy

Author: Jacqueline Best,Matthew Paterson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135173907

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 9415

This book examines the multitude of ways in which the political, the cultural and the economic interconnect and intersect and provides case studies focusing on finance, tourism, contemporary business discourse, the "war on terror" and migration.
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Consumer Behaviour and Economic Growth in the Modern Economy (RLE Consumer Behaviour)

Author: Henri Baudet,Henk van der Meulen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317646649

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 290

View: 8366

These essays show that industrialisation and fast economic growth have changed not only the broad material environment, but have also had a very important impact on basic food consumption. The introductory chapter takes a theoretical view and tries to establish the interrelationship between economic forces and social habits. The other contributors analyse how the experience of Europe, Japan and North America fit this general explanation and they demonstrate how cultural and regional differences have shaped the development of consumer behaviour and patterns of consumption over the last two centuries.
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