The Physics of Inertial Fusion

BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Author: Stefano Atzeni,Jürgen Meyer-ter-Vehn

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191524059

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 4811

This book is on inertial confinement fusion, an alternative way to produce electrical power from hydrogen fuel by using powerful lasers or particle beams. It involves the compression of tiny amounts (micrograms) of fuel to thousand times solid density and pressures otherwise existing only in the centre of stars. Thanks to advances in laser technology, it is now possible to produce such extreme states of matter in the laboratory. Recent developments have boosted laser intensities again with new possibilities for laser particle accelerators, laser nuclear physics, and fast ignition of fusion targets. This is a reference book for those working on beam plasma physics, be it in the context of fundamental research or applications to fusion energy or novel ultra-bright laser sources. The book combines quite different areas of physics: beam target interaction, dense plasmas, hydrodynamic implosion and instabilities, radiative energy transfer as well as fusion reactions. Particular attention is given to simple and useful modelling, including dimensional analysis and similarity solutions. Both authors have worked in this field for more than 20 years. They want to address in particular those teaching this topic to students and all those interested in understanding the technical basis.

Extreme States of Matter

High Energy Density Physics

Author: Vladimir E. Fortov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319189530

Category: Science

Page: 700

View: 3151

With its many beautiful colour pictures, this book gives fascinating insights into the unusual forms and behaviour of matter under extremely high pressures and temperatures. These extreme states are generated, among other things, by strong shock, detonation and electric explosion waves, dense laser beams, electron and ion beams, hypersonic entry of spacecraft into dense atmospheres of planets and in many other situations characterized by extremely high pressures and temperatures. Written by one of the world's foremost experts on the topic, this book will inform and fascinate all scientists dealing with materials properties and physics and also serve as an excellent introduction to plasma-, shock-wave and high-energy-density physics for students and newcomers seeking an overview. This second edition is thoroughly revised and expanded, in particular with new material on high energy-density physics, nuclear explosions and other nuclear transformation processes.

29th International Symposium on Shock Waves 2

Author: Riccardo Bonazza,Devesh Ranjan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331916838X

Category: Science

Page: 814

View: 8784

This proceedings present the results of the 29th International Symposium on Shock Waves (ISSW29) which was held in Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A., from July 14 to July 19, 2013. It was organized by the Wisconsin Shock Tube Laboratory, which is part of the College of Engineering of the University of Wisconsin-Madison. The ISSW29 focused on the following areas: Blast Waves, Chemically Reactive Flows, Detonation and Combustion, Facilities, Flow Visualization, Hypersonic Flow, Ignition, Impact and Compaction, Industrial Applications, Magnetohydrodynamics, Medical and Biological Applications, Nozzle Flow, Numerical Methods, Plasmas, Propulsion, Richtmyer-Meshkov Instability, Shock-Boundary Layer Interaction, Shock Propagation and Reflection, Shock Vortex Interaction, Shock Waves in Condensed Matter, Shock Waves in Multiphase Flow, as well as Shock Waves in Rarefield Flow. The two Volumes contain the papers presented at the symposium and serve as a reference for the participants of the ISSW 29 and individuals interested in these fields.

Principles of Plasma Spectroscopy

Author: Hans R. Griem

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521619417

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 4191

A comprehensive description of theoretical foundations and experimental applications of spectroscopic methods in plasmas. It covers the classical and quantum theory of radiation, spectral line broadening, continuous spectra, thermodynamic relations, radiative energy transfer and losses, and applications of plasma spectroscopy to measurements of densities, magnetic and electric fields, and temperatures.

The Physics Of Laser Plasma Interactions

Author: William Kruer

Publisher: Westview Press

ISBN: 9780813340838

Category: Science

Page: 202

View: 8661

Based on a graduate course in plasma physics taught at University of California, Davis, this classic book provides a concise overview and a physically-motivated treatment of the major plasma processes which determine the interaction of intense light waves with plasmas. It also includes a discussion of basic plasma concepts, plasma simulation using particle codes, and laser plasma experiments. This is the most elementary book currently available that successfully blends theory, simulation, and experiment, and presents a clear exposition of the major physical processes involved in laser-plasma interactions. This was also the first book on the topic by anyone involved in the United States Laser Fusion Program. Dr. Kruer has more than 30 years of active participation in this field.

X-Ray Imaging

Fundamentals, Industrial Techniques and Applications

Author: Harry E. Martz,Clint M. Logan,Daniel J. Schneberk,Peter J. Shull

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420009761

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 574

View: 4771

While books on the medical applications of x-ray imaging exist, there is not one currently available that focuses on industrial applications. Full of color images that show clear spectrometry and rich with applications, X-Ray Imaging fills the need for a comprehensive work on modern industrial x-ray imaging. It reviews the fundamental science of x-ray imaging and addresses equipment and system configuration. Useful to a broad range of radiation imaging practitioners, the book looks at the rapid development and deployment of digital x-ray imaging system.

Journal de physique


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Physics

Page: N.A

View: 3815


Extreme Physics

Properties and Behavior of Matter at Extreme Conditions

Author: Jeff Colvin,Jon Larsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107019672

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 6825

Emphasising computational modeling, this introduction to the physics on matter at extreme conditions is invaluable for researchers and graduate students.

Physics of Fully Ionized Gases

Second Revised Edition

Author: Lyman Spitzer

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486151581

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 1591

An introductory course in theoretical physics is the sole prerequisite for this general but simple introduction to the fields of plasma and fusion research. 1962 edition.

Inertial Confinement Fusion

The Quest for Ignition and Energy Gain Using Indirect Drive

Author: John D. Lindl

Publisher: American Institute Of Physics

ISBN: 9781563966620

Category: Science

Page: 204

View: 9583

Using four-color throughout, this volume was subsidized by Lawrence Livermore Labs, where the Department of Defense funds research (within the National Ignition Faculty) into nuclear-weapons safety and fusion-energy production. Written by a chief researcher at the pre-eminent center of research in the nation, the book contains sufficient background, introductory material, and valuable information that is required reading in fusion research.

Физика высоких плотностей энергии

Author: Владимир Фортов

Publisher: Litres

ISBN: 5457965295

Category: Study Aids

Page: N.A

View: 7491

Монография посвящена многообразным физическим явлениям и свойствам сжатого и разогретого вещества при высоких плотностях энергии. Рассмотрены способы генерации, диагностики, а также теоретические методы описания поведения вещества при экстремально высоких давлениях и температурах, получаемых в лабораторных и квазилабораторных условиях. Обсуждаются состояния вещества с высокими плотностями энергии, возникающие на разных этапах эволюции астрофизических объектов под действием гравитации и термоядерного энерговыделения. Сделана попытка систематизировать, обобщить и изложить с единой точки зрения обширный теоретический и экспериментальный материал, относящийся к новой области науки – физике высоких плотностей энергии. В основу книги положены лекции, прочитанные автором в Московском физико- техническом институте, в Высшей школе физики Минатома России, а также обзорные и приглашенные доклады на научных конференциях и симпозиумах. Книга может быть полезна широкому кругу ученых, аспирантов и студентов естественно-научных специальностей, открывает им доступ к оригинальным работам и позволяет ориентироваться в увлекательных проблемах современной физики. Издание осуществлено при поддержке Российского фонда фундаментальных исследований по проекту 13-02-07016

Computing anticipatory systems

CASYS'05, seventh international conference, Liège, Belgium, 8-13 August 2005

Author: D. M. Dubois

Publisher: Amer Inst of Physics

ISBN: 9780735403314

Category: Computers

Page: 652

View: 8065

All papers were peer-reviewed. These proceedings include the invited papers as well as those papers that received a best paper award. This conference was enhanced by the presence of Brian D. Josephson, Nobel Prize in Physics, who presented an invited lecture on "General Principles for Brain Design," included in these proceedings. The content of these proceedings deals with the most recent research and development in the area of theoretical developments and applications in the modeling and computing of anticipatory systems in any fields of natural and artificial systems. A computing anticipatory system is a system that computes its current states in taking into account its past and present states but also its potential future states. Strong anticipation refers to an anticipation of events built by or embedded in a system. Weak anticipation refers to an anticipation of events predicted or forecasted from a model of a system. Specific topics include: physics, quantum mechanics, relativity; anticipatory systems, incursion, hyperincursion; logical and dynamical systems; computing systems; soft computing; cognitive systems; neuroscience, biosystems; risk management, economy; as well as engineering systems.

Computing Anticipatory Systems

CASYS'05 - Seventh International Conference on Computing Anticipatory Systems

Author: Daniel M. Dubois

Publisher: American Inst. of Physics

ISBN: 9780735403314

Category: Computers

Page: 652

View: 8318

This book constitutes the proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Computing Anticipatory Systems, CASYS'05. The volume includes all invited papers as well as those papers that received a best paper award. Also included is a lecture on "General Principles for Brain Design," presented by Brian D. Josephson, Nobel Laureate in Physics. The papers discuss recent research and development in the modeling and computing of anticipatory systems in fields of natural and artificial systems.

Principles of Plasma Discharges and Materials Processing

Author: Michael A. Lieberman,Alan J. Lichtenberg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471724246

Category: Science

Page: 730

View: 2756

A Thorough Update of the Industry Classic on Principles of Plasma Processing The first edition of Principles of Plasma Discharges and Materials Processing, published over a decade ago, was lauded for its complete treatment of both basic plasma physics and industrial plasma processing, quickly becoming the primary reference for students and professionals. The Second Edition has been carefully updated and revised to reflect recent developments in the field and to further clarify the presentation of basic principles. Along with in-depth coverage of the fundamentals of plasma physics and chemistry, the authors apply basic theory to plasma discharges, including calculations of plasma parameters and the scaling of plasma parameters with control parameters. New and expanded topics include: * Updated cross sections * Diffusion and diffusion solutions * Generalized Bohm criteria * Expanded treatment of dc sheaths * Langmuir probes in time-varying fields * Electronegative discharges * Pulsed power discharges * Dual frequency discharges * High-density rf sheaths and ion energy distributions * Hysteresis and instabilities * Helicon discharges * Hollow cathode discharges * Ionized physical vapor deposition * Differential substrate charging With new chapters on dusty plasmas and the kinetic theory of discharges, graduate students and researchers in the field of plasma processing should find this new edition more valuable than ever.

Plasma Physics

An Introduction to Laboratory, Space, and Fusion Plasmas

Author: Alexander Piel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319634275

Category: Science

Page: 463

View: 4121

The enlarged new edition of this textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the basic processes in plasmas and demonstrates that the same fundamental concepts describe cold gas-discharge plasmas, space plasmas, and hot fusion plasmas. Starting from particle drifts in magnetic fields, the principles of magnetic confinement fusion are explained and compared with laser fusion. Collective processes are discussed in terms of plasma waves and instabilities. The concepts of plasma description by magnetohydrodynamics, kinetic theory, and particle simulation are stepwise introduced. Space charge effects in sheath regions, double layers and plasma diodes are given the necessary attention. The novel fundamental mechanisms of dusty plasmas are explored and integrated into the framework of conventional plasmas. The book concludes with a concise description of modern plasma discharges. Written by an internationally renowned researcher in experimental plasma physics, the text keeps the mathematical apparatus simple and emphasizes the underlying concepts. The guidelines of plasma physics are illustrated by a host of practical examples, preferentially from plasma diagnostics. There, Langmuir probe methods, laser interferometry, ionospheric sounding, Faraday rotation, and diagnostics of dusty plasmas are discussed. Though primarily addressing students in plasma physics, the book is easily accessible for researchers in neighboring disciplines, such as space science, astrophysics, material science, applied physics, and electrical engineering. This second edition has been thoroughly revised and contains substantially enlarged chapters on plasma diagnostics, dusty plasmas and plasma discharges. Probe techniques have been rearranged into basic theory and a host of practical examples for probe techniques in dc, rf, and space plasmas. New topics in dusty plasmas, such as plasma crystals, Yukawa balls, phase transitions and attractive forces have been adopted. The chapter on plasma discharges now contains a new section on conventional and high-power impulse magnetron sputtering. The recently discovered electrical asymmetry effect in capacitive rf-discharges is described. The text is based on an introductory course to plasma physics and advanced courses in plasma diagnostics, dusty plasmas, and plasma waves, which the author has taught at Kiel University for three decades. The pedagogical approach combines detailed explanations, a large number of illustrative figures, short summaries of the basics at the end of each chapter, and a selection of problems with detailed solutions.

Solar Astrophysics

Author: Peter V. Foukal

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527618082

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 1413

This revised edition of Solar Astrophysics describes our current understanding of the sun - from its deepest interior, via the layers of the directly observable atmosphere to the solar wind, right out to its farthest extension into interstellar space. It includes a comprehensive account of the history of solar astrophysics, along with an overview of the key instruments throughout the various periods. In contrast to other books on this topic, the choice of material deals evenhandedly with the entire scope of important topics covered in solar research. The authors make the advances in our understanding of the sun accessible to students and non-specialists by way of careful use of relatively simple physical concepts. The book offers an incisive, reliable, and well-planned look at all that is fascinating and new in studies of the sun.