The Penguin Writer's Manual

Author: Martin Manser,Stephen Curtis

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141924829

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 352

View: 6827

The Penguin Writer's Manual is the essential companion for anyone who wants to master the art of writing good English. Whether you're composing an essay, sending a business letter or an email to a colleague, or firing off an angry letter to a newspaper, this guide will help you to brush up you communication skills and write correct and confident English.

Penguin Writers' Guides: How to Write Effective Emails

How to Write Effective Emails

Author: R. L. Trask

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 014193669X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 224

View: 9853

The Penguin Writers' Guides series provides authoritative, succinct and easy-to-follow guidance on specific aspects of written English. Whether you need to brush up your skills or get to grips with something for the first time, these invaluable Guides will help you find the best way to get your message across clearly and effectively. Many of us are spending more and more time using emails, especially at work. This practical guide steers you through all the basics and 'netiquette' of emailing strangers, business contacts and colleagues: from setting up an email account, presentation and formatting of your emails to how to avoid offensive blunders and the legal issues surrounding this kind of writing. It offers indispensable guidance for simple and direct writing - including cultural differences, appropriate language and common pitfalls - so that your emails give the best possible impression.

Penguin Pocket Writer's Handbook

Author: Martin H. Manser,Stephen Curtis

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9780141027524

Category: Authorship

Page: 216

View: 1391

Penguin Pocket Writer's Handbook is the ideal companion for anyone looking for a quick, effective guide to the art of writing good English. Whether working on grammar for a business letter, striving to improve spelling for an essay or getting to grips with the rules of punctuation, this guide will help you to write correct and confident English whatever the situation.

A Writer's Guide to Fiction

Author: Elizabeth Lyon

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9780399528583

Category: Reference

Page: 255

View: 2393

A comprehensive guide to the art of writing discusses the art and craft of creating fiction, including short stories and novels, with tips on the fundamentals of characterization, theme, and pacing, and provides helpful tips on the business side of writing, how to target one's audience, marketing advice, and more. Original

Penguin Writers' Guides: How to Write Better English

How to Write Better English

Author: Robert Allen

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141941359

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 336

View: 3447

The Penguin Writers' Guides series provides authoritative, succinct and easy-to-follow guidance on specific aspects of written English. Whether you need to brush up your skills or get to grips with something for the first time, these invaluable Guides will help you find the best way to get your message across clearly and effectively. This essential guide covers the key rules - and pitfalls - of written and spoken grammar. It covers such areas as: the building blocks of language, common errors and misconceptions, choosing the right level of expression, differences between British and American English, and political correctness. It also discusses various uses of language, from creative writing, CVs and reports to verbal presentations, and business and personal letters, with many useful suggestions for accurate and fluent English.

A Writer's Guide to Nonfiction

Author: Elizabeth Lyon

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9780399528675

Category: Reference

Page: 225

View: 6106

Discusses the art and craft of writing essays, memoirs, how-to guides, travel, technical reports, feature articles, recipes, and other genres, and provides tips on the business side of writing, target audiences, and marketing.

100 Things Every Writer Needs to Know

Author: N.A

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9780399525087

Category: Reference

Page: 245

View: 6593

A comprehensive handbook for writers encompasses information and advice on topics such as building one's skills, setting up a workspace, getting editors' attention, finding a literary agent, and avoiding common mistakes. Original.

Die Kleider der Bücher

Author: Jhumpa Lahiri

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644405271

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 64

View: 6984

Auf der Suche nach dem perfekten Umschlag - ein Buch über das Entstehen von Büchern und Gefühlen Jhumpa Lahiris sehr persönlicher Text ist eine Liebeserklärung an das Buch. Er erzählt davon, welche Gefühle das Aussehen von Büchern erzeugen kann - bei Autoren wie bei Lesern. Als Kind beneidete die in Amerika aufgewachsene indische Autorin ihre Cousins, weil sie eine Schuluniform hatten. Sie hingegen wurde von ihrer Mutter in traditionellen indischen Kleidern in die Schule geschickt und dafür gehänselt. Später kam ein weiterer Teil ihres Ichs hinzu, der eingekleidet werden wollte – ihre Bücher. Und die Kleider der Bücher können glücklich oder traurig stimmen - wie die Kleider, die man selbst trägt.

The Penguin Guide to Plain English

Express Yourself Clearly and Effectively

Author: Harry Blamires

Publisher: Penguin Books

ISBN: 9780140514308

Category: English language

Page: 360

View: 2589

In this guide for all writers and speakers of the English language, the author indicates common pitfalls and errors of grammar and syntax and explains how to avoid them. He includes a unique section tackling jargon in specific industries (recruitment, PR and banking for example.)

The Penguin Guide to Literature in English

Britain and Ireland

Author: Ronald Carter,John McRae

Publisher: Longman

ISBN: 9780582465671

Category: English literature

Page: 263

View: 573

The fully revised edition of The Penguin Guide to Literature in English: Britain and Ireland provides an illustrated introduction to the work of the most important writers and their historical background from the year 600 to the present day. It covers writers from Chaucer and Shakespeare to Ian Banks and Irvine Welsh.

The Penguin Dictionary of American English Usage and Style, Lovinger, 2000

The Penguin Dictionary of American English Usage and Style

Author: Penguin Books, Ltd

Publisher: Bukupedia


Category: Reference

Page: 505

View: 6255

Aim; Form The volume in your hands is meant to be both useful and enjoyable, a readable dictionary for all who are interested in our language. In A-to-Z form, it is mainly a guide to good usage of English, the American variety, contrasted with some 2,000 quoted examples of misusage and questionable usage. It does the job of “illuminating many traps and pitfalls in English usage” (as my editor puts it). I have sought to provide clear explanations in plain language. This book is designed for general readers as well as those who work with words. The examples were drawn from the popular press, broadcasting, books, and a variety of other sources, mostly in the latter eighties and the nineties. Each entry devoted to a specific word or phrase contains one or more of those quotations. The troublesome forms are contrasted with the proper forms (which are emphasized by italics) and definitions are given. Entries on general topics are presented too; they deal with matters of grammar, punctuation, style, and so on. A list of them, with further description of the two types of entry, appears under “General Topics,” following this introduction. With few exceptions, the examples have determined the choices of word entries. Thus the book in part amounts to an informal survey of contemporary problems in English usage. Both perennial problems and new ones come up. Of the misuses discouraged by earlier books on English usage, some persist; others have not turned up, but, as though to take their place, new offenses against the language have emerged. Here are some hints for finding your way around the volume: • Main entries, headed in boldface, are arranged alphabetically, letter by letter. • Many entries are divided into sections, which are numbered and titled. The sections of an entry are arranged alphabetically, and their titles are listed at the beginning, after the main title. Some sections contain subsections, distinguished by letters and titles. • There are numerous crossreferences, some standing alone and others within entries. For instance, in the C’s under Comma it says See Punctuation, 3, referring the reader to the entry. Many entries refer to related entries. Alphabetical order is used in listing any series of crossreferences and various other series. last entry vii introduction Watching Our Words Viewpoint This work could be viewed as an antidote to laissez-faire lexicography and anything-goes grammar. The doctrine that whatever emerges from people’s lips is the language and that many verbal wrongs make a right is not advocated here. Nor is the cliché of English as “a living language” dragged in to justify bad English. On the contrary, I do not hesitate to distinguish between right and wrong usage when the difference is clear. My inclination is to question deviant forms, challenge innovations to prove themselves, and resist senseless fads. (See also the final section of this introduction.) I thereby risk being labeled a “purist” by some critics—as though impurity were desirable. Perhaps in a long-range, philosophical sense there is no verbal right and wrong. But that view does not help you and me in choosing our words and putting together our sentences clearly and properly according to the educated norms of society. Those holding the permissive views follow most of the norms themselves. They do not say or write, “Them guys hasn’t came,” or “I ain’t did nothin nohow,” although some people are apt to do so. For the most part, the laws of grammar have not been repealed. Not that one should be pedantic either. The book does not flatly condemn split infinitives, prepositions at the end of sentences, conjunctions at the beginning, sentence fragments, or phrases like “It’s me.” But it does value precision over fashion, logic over illogic, and grammatical correctness over “political correctness.” (In my view, those who mutilate our language for political motives do wrong.) At times the difference between correct and incorrect usage is hazy. English has an abundance of words,* more than any other language, and multiple ways to express almost any idea. Our language is so complex that nobody ever learns it all and that even its leading authorities occasionally stumble. They disagree and one finds fault with another. Their differences concern both specific points and standards of strictness or looseness in the use of words and grammar. Some loose uses of words or phrases and some slang that may pass harmlessly in informal conversation are inappropriate when transferred to serious writing or even serious speech. This book will help the reader to make sound choices. Examples Samples of sentences that clearly fall into the wrong category follow. The first few are (alternately) by professionals of broadcasting and journalism. A correction follows each quotation. (Each comes up in the main text.) “There were roofs completely tore up.” Torn up. “I like to serve it with croutons . . . that is flavored with olive oil.” Are flavored. “Police said ——— and ——— built the bombs theirselves.” Themselves. “It would be more racism showing it’s ugly head again.” Its. “There is a way to empower your viii introduction *The Oxford English Dictionary, seeking to record all English words, says it covers more than 500,000 words and phrases in its twenty volumes. The Guinness Book of World Records places the count at more than 600,000 words plus 400,000 technical terms, a total exceeding a million. It numbers the Shakespearean vocabulary at 33,000 words and expresses doubt that any person uses more than 60,000. children and make them far more better . . . students.” Delete “more.” “Women have smaller brains then men.” Than. “The . . . campaign has got to break into the double digits to be respectful.” Respectable. (Headline:) “Be Happy She Prys.” Pries. Additional slip-ups, by people in other fields, include these: (Advertising:) “I always wanted to loose weight.” Lose. (Book publishing:) “Allow someone else to proofread [edit?] it . . . who will not be affraid to be biased in their opinion.” Afraid to be unbiased in his opinion. (Diplomacy:) “It is quite clear that the crisis has reached a critical point.” Better: the dispute or the situation. (Education:) “Me and my kids live in a dormitory.” I and. (Law:) “No one is free to flaunt the tax laws.” Flout. (Medicine:) “We’re obligated to do that biopsy irregardless of the physical findings.” Regardless. (Psychology:) “Their child don’t look so good.” Doesn’t look. The book debunks some widespread misbeliefs. If we do not fully understand the meanings of certain words or if we accept some clichés on their faces, we may believe that fury rages in the “eye” of a storm; a “fraction” is a small part; the character “Frankenstein” was a monster; to “impeach” an official is to oust him from office; a jury can find a defendant “innocent”; pencils contain the metal “lead”; a “misdemeanor” is not a crime; prostitution is the “oldest profession”; an exception “proves” a rule; the Constitution guarantees “the pursuit of happiness”; and so on. The criticism of any extract does not negate the overall merit of the work that is quoted.* Clarity Clarity is a leading theme of this book. More than 100 entries deal with the problem of ambiguity (noun): the state of being ambiguous (adjective), able to be interpreted in two or more different ways. Consider this sentence: “When P—— was hired by H——, he had a criminal record.” Which one is “he”? (That example is from Pronouns, 1. Consult also the cross-reference Ambiguity and the next section of this introduction, Wounded Words. General examples of fuzzy prose appear in Verbosity and other entries.) Clear expression requires clear thinkintroduction ix *Of 2,000-odd examples of misusage or questionable usage, almost half originated with newspapers, news agencies, or magazines; about a fifth each with broadcasters and books; and a tenth with people in many other fields or miscellaneous sources, described in the text. A few appeared in other reference works. The single most frequent source of examples was The New York Times (usually the national edition), which occasionally is quoted here approvingly too. Newspapers distributed in the San Francisco Bay area and TV and radio broadcasts heard there were significant sources. Dozens of other newspapers, from most regions of the country, yielded examples too. So did 120 books, mostly nonfiction. Some correct or incorrect examples, not counted above, were composed where fitting. The sources of the quotations are not usually identified by name. Space did not permit the publication of a list of such sources (although it had been contemplated). But a variety of reference works consulted as sources of information are listed in the back of the book. ing. It helps also to be versed in the distinctions among words and in the elements of grammar, including tense, number, mood, parts of speech, sentence structure, and punctuation. Even so, clarity may not survive hastiness, inability to express ideas simply, intentional hedging, lack of facts, language that is too pompous or too slangy, obscurity of ideas or terms, overloading of sentences, overlooking of double meanings, stinginess in using words or punctuation, too little thought, or too much abstraction and generality without concrete examples. Then, too, muddiness and confusion can overcome our best efforts. Writers on the English language often compare it with other languages and glory in its complexity, variety, and subtlety. Yet the language is so complex, with varieties of expression so vast, subtleties so fine, and such a proliferation of word meanings, that it can trap any of us at some time or other. Unqualified praise helps no one. Let us be aware of the difficulties and try to overcome them. Greater efforts to write and speak clearly, accurately, and sensibly would mean more understanding, something that society needs. Wounded Words One of the problems is that English is being deprived of the benefit of many distinctive words as looser meanings develop. The addition of the new meanings renders some of the words ambiguous. I call them wounded words. Examples of those words and their strict meanings follow; loose meanings are in parentheses. Which meaning a writer or speaker has intended is not always plain from the context. A fabulous story is one that is characteristic of a fable (or a good story). An impact is a violent contact (or an effect). A legendary figure is mythical (or famous). One who is masterful is dictatorial (or skillful). To scan a document is to examine it carefully and systematically (or quickly and superficially). If a scene is a shambles, it shows evidence of bloodshed (or disorder). If an incident transpired this year, this year is when it became known (or happened). When an ultimatum is given, a threat of war is issued (or a demand is made). That which is viable is able to live (or feasible).* Many loose or questionable uses are widespread. Does that mean we have to follow suit? Of course not. Save the Language New words continually appear. Those that fill needs are generally desirable. What ought to be questioned or resisted are the watering-down of distinctive words that we already have, the creation of ambiguity and fuzziness, the breakdown of grace and grammar, and irrational verbal fads. Change characterizes the history of English; but whereas innovations in the main language used to be tested slowly by time, and street slang usually stayed there, they are now both thrust upon the public almost instantly by the media of mass communication. x introduction *Among words in similar condition are these: accost, alibi, anticipate, bemuse, brandish, brutalize, burgeon, careen, classic, cohort, compendium, connive, cool, culminate, decimate, desecrate, destiny, dilemma, disaster, effete, eke, endemic, enormity, erstwhile, exotic, fantastic, formidable, fortuitous, fraction, gay, idyllic, incredible, increment, internecine, jurist, literal, livid, marginal, mean (noun), minimize, neat, obscene, outrageous, paranoid, pristine, quite, sure, travesty, unique, utilize, verbal, virtual, vital, weird, wherefore, willy-nilly. The words emphasized in this section have separate entries. Our language is an invaluable resource, as much a part of our heritage as forests, wildlife, and waters. Yet where are movements for verbal conservation? Who campaigns to save endangered words? When do we ever see demonstrations against linguistic pollution? To support the cause of good English, you and I need not join a group, attend rallies, or give money. We can contribute every day by knowing the language, shunning the fads, and watching our words. P.W.L. San Francisco

Crimson Lake


Author: Candice Fox

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518740288

Category: Fiction

Page: 380

View: 7293

12.46 Uhr: Die dreizehnjährige Claire Bingley steht alleine an einer Bushaltestelle. 12.47 Uhr: Ted Conkaffey hält mit seinem Wagen neben ihr. 12.52 Uhr: Das Mädchen ist verschwunden ... Sechs Minuten – mehr braucht es nicht, um das Leben von Detective Ted Conkaffey vollständig zu ruinieren. Die Anklage gegen ihn wird zwar aus Mangel an Beweisen fallengelassen, doch alle Welt glaubt zu wissen, dass einzig und allein er es gewesen ist, der Claire entführt hat. Um der gesellschaftlichen Ächtung zu entgehen, zieht sich der Ex-Cop nach Crimson Lake, eine Kleinstadt im Norden Australiens, zurück. Dort trifft er Amanda Pharrell, die ganz genau weiß, was es heißt, Staatsfeind Nr. 1 zu sein. Vor Jahren musste sie wegen angeblichen Mordes ins Gefängnis. Nun tun sich die beiden Außenseiter zusammen und arbeiten als Privatdetektive. Ihr Fall: Ein berühmter Schriftsteller mit Doppelleben und kaputter Familie ist verschwunden, die örtliche Polizei behindert die Arbeit der beiden mit harschen Methoden. Dann platzt das Inkognito von Conkaffey, die Medien erzeugen Hysterie. Lynchstimmung macht sich breit. Während er den Fall seiner neuen Partnerin wieder aufrollt und sie versucht, ihn zu entlasten, nimmt der Fall des Schriftstellers überraschende Wendungen ...

Mach, was Du willst

Design Thinking fürs Leben

Author: Bill Burnett,Dave Evans

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843713634

Category: Self-Help

Page: 288

View: 1418

Design Thinking hilft, kreative Lösungen für komplexe Probleme zu finden. Die Autoren übertragen dieses Prinzip auf das Leben und die Berufswahl. Denke wie ein Designer: Stelle Fragen, suche Verbündete, mache Fehler, baue Prototypen, denke interdisziplinär – und werde zum Designer deines eigenen Lebens! Diese Ideen präsentieren die beiden Professoren seit sieben Jahren an der Stanford University,was zu chronisch überbuchten Kursen führt.

The Sense of Style

The Thinking Person's Guide to Writing in the 21st Century

Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 069817030X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 368

View: 8152

“Charming and erudite," from the author of Enlightenment Now, "The wit and insight and clarity he brings . . . is what makes this book such a gem.” — Why is so much writing so bad, and how can we make it better? Is the English language being corrupted by texting and social media? Do the kids today even care about good writing—and why should we care? From the author of The Better Angels of Our Nature and Enlightenment Now. In this entertaining and eminently practical book, the cognitive scientist, dictionary consultant, and New York Times–bestselling author Steven Pinker rethinks the usage guide for the twenty-first century. Using examples of great and gruesome modern prose while avoiding the scolding tone and Spartan tastes of the classic manuals, he shows how the art of writing can be a form of pleasurable mastery and a fascinating intellectual topic in its own right. The Sense of Style is for writers of all kinds, and for readers who are interested in letters and literature and are curious about the ways in which the sciences of mind can illuminate how language works at its best.

It’s teatime, my dear!

Vom Autor des Weltbestsellers »Reif für die Insel«

Author: Bill Bryson

Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641111331

Category: Fiction

Page: 480

View: 6866

Abwarten, Tee trinken, weiterreisen! Vor über dreißig Jahren beschloss der Amerikaner Bill Bryson, England zu seiner Wahlheimat zu machen und für einige Jahre dort zu leben. Damals brach er auf zu einer großen Erkundungsreise quer über die britische Insel. Inzwischen ist er ein alter Hase, was die Eigentümlichkeiten der Engländer betrifft, aber dennoch entdeckt er immer wieder Neues, was ihn fasziniert und amüsiert. Kein Wunder also, dass es ihn reizt, diese Insel erneut ausgiebig zu bereisen. Von Bognor Regis bis Cape Wrath, vom englischen Teehaus bis zum schottischen Pub, von der kleinsten Absteige bis zum noblen Hotel, Bryson lässt nichts aus und beantwortet zahlreiche Fragen. Wie heißt der Big Ben eigentlich wirklich? Wer war Mr. Everest? Warum verstehen sich Amerikaner und Engländer nur bedingt? Bill Bryson will noch einmal wissen, was dieses Land so liebenswert macht, und begibt sich auf den Weg – schließlich ist er wieder reif für die Insel!

A Stranger in the House

Das Böse ist näher, als du denkst. Thriller

Author: Shari Lapena


ISBN: 3732555690

Category: Fiction

Page: 334

View: 1499

Für deinen Mann bist du ein Engel, für die Polizei eine Mörderin. Du bereitest gerade das Abendessen für dich und deinen Ehemann vor, als das Telefon klingelt - es ist der Anruf, den du seit Jahren fürchtest. Kurz darauf erwachst du im Krankenhaus. Du hattest einen Unfall - und kannst dich nicht daran erinnern. Als in der Nähe des Unfallortes eine Leiche gefunden wird, glaubt die Polizei an einen Zusammenhang zwischen beiden Ereignissen. Dein Mann ist fassungslos angesichts dieser Vermutung. Doch du weißt mehr als dein Mann. Und plötzlich bist du dir nicht mehr sicher, wie abwegig der Verdacht der Polizei wirklich ist ... Der Nachfolger des englischen Nummer-1-Bestsellers THE COUPLE NEXT DOOR.

A Reader's Guide to Writers' London

Author: Ian Cunningham

Publisher: Prion Books


Category: Reference

Page: 293

View: 3528

London has stimulated and fascinated writers from Chaucer, Dickens and De Quincey, to Orton, Orwell and more recently, Peter Ackroyd. Both a bedside companion and an imaginative travel guide, it leads you through the literary history of each district. Discover Boswell's Fleet Street, the Dickensian London of The Pickwick Papers and Little Dorrit and look at London Bridge through the eyes of T.S. Eliot. Packed with anecdotes about the lives of the city's writers, the book allows you to locate Dr. Johnson's favourite haunts and drink in the same bars as Dylan Thomas and Jeffrey Bernard. Accompanied by specially commissioned photographs of London today, and hundreds of illustrations of writers, manuscripts, prints and memorabilia, A Reader's Guide to Writers' London is a must for any lover of either literature or London.

The Penguin Handbook of the World's Living Religions

Author: N.A

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 014195504X

Category: Religion

Page: 1008

View: 9530

Comprehensive, informative and authoritative, The Penguin Handbook of the World's Living Religions is compiled by a team of leading international scholars, and is the definitive guide to the religious belief systems and practices of the world today. This in-depth survey of active religions has now been fully updated to include modern developments and the most recent scholarship. It explains the sources and history of the world's religions, includes material on the phenomenon of Black African and Asian diaspora religions around the world and explores the role of gender in modern religion.

Penguin Writers' Guides

How to Write Effective Emails

Author: Robert Lawrence Trask,R. L. Trask

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141017198

Category: Computers

Page: 224

View: 8362

This practical, no - nonsense guide gives clear instructions for the best use of email at work. It takes you through all the basics and 'netiquette' of emailing strangers, business contacts and colleagues, from setting up email accounts, presentation and formatting of your emails to avoiding offensive blunders and common pitfalls. It also gives essential guidance on cultural differences, legal issues, suitable language and appropriate use of email, so that your emails will make a strong impression and get results. The Penguin Writers' Guides series provides authoritative, succinct and easy - to - follow guidance on specific aspects of written English. Whether you need to brush up your skills or get to grips with something for the first time, these invaluable Guides will help you find the best way to get your message across clearly and effectively.