The Paris Agreement

Climate Change, Solidarity, and Human Rights

Author: Judith Blau

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319535412

Category: Political Science

Page: 119

View: 4341

This book discusses the immediate and severe threat posed by global climate change and the various obstacles that stand in the way of action. Judith Blau presents scientific evidence relevant to The Paris Agreement (COP-21): an international treaty that promises to strengthen the global response to climate change. As she reckons with the dangers of catastrophic planetary heating, Blau discusses the clash between the deeply ingrained American tradition of individualism and the collective action and acknowledgement of intertwined fate needed to address climate change. She acknowledges that America’s capitalist bent stands in contrast to the idea of the “commons”—a concept that we need to embrace if climate change is to be mitigated. The volume also explains the foundations of international human rights standards as they relate to climate change. Drawing from guiding principles of human rights and equality, the book concludes hopefully—suggesting that the people of the world can meet the challenge posed by climate change by at once acknowledging shared humanity and celebrating difference.

The Implementation of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change

Author: Vesselin Popovski

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351815784

Category: Law

Page: 316

View: 3453

In December 2015, 196 parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) adopted the Paris Agreement, seen as a decisive landmark for global action to stop human- induced climate change. The Paris Agreement will replace the 1997 Kyoto Protocol which expires in 2020, and it creates legally binding obligations on the parties, based on their own bottom-up voluntary commitments to implement Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). The codification of the climate change regime has advanced well, but the implementation of it remains uncertain. This book focuses on the implementation prospects of the Agreement, which is a challenge for all and will require a fully comprehensive burden- sharing framework. Parties need to meet their own NDCs, but also to finance and transfer technology to others who do not have enough. How equity- based and facilitative the process will be, is of crucial importance. The volume examines a broad range of issues including the lessons that can be learnt from the implementation of previous environmental legal regimes, climate policies at national and sub-national levels and whether the implementation mechanisms in the Paris Agreement are likely to be sufficient. Written by leading experts and practitioners, the book diagnoses the gaps and lays the ground for future exploration of implementation options. This collection will be of interest to policy-makers, academics, practitioners, students and researchers focusing on climate change governance.

The Paris Agreement on Climate Change

Analysis and Commentary

Author: Daniel Klein,María Pía Carazo,Meinhard Doelle,Jane Bulmer,Andrew Higham

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192506366

Category: Law

Page: 328

View: 9078

The most important climate agreement in history, the Paris Agreement on Climate Change represents the commitment of the nations of the world to address and curb climate change. Signed in December 2015, it will come into force on the 4th November, and efforts toward fulfilling its ambitious goals are already under way. The Paris Climate Agreement: Commentary and Analysis combines a comprehensive legal appraisal and critique of the new Agreement with a practical and structured commentary to all its Articles. Part I discusses the general context for the Paris Agreement, detailing the scientific, political, and social drivers behind it, providing an overview of the pre-existing regime, and tracking the history of the negotiations. It examines the evolution of key concepts such as common but differentiated responsibilities, and analyses the legal form of the Agreement and the nature of its provisions. Part II comprises individual chapters on each Article of the Agreement, with detailed commentary of the provisions which highlights central aspects from the negotiating history and the legal nature of the obligations. It describes the institutional arrangements and considerations for national implementation, providing practical advice and prospects for future development. Part III reflects on the Paris Agreement as a whole: its strengths and weaknesses, its potential for further development, and its relationship with other areas of public international law and governance. The book is an invaluable resource for academics and practitioners, policy makers, and actors in the private sector and civil society, as they negotiate the implementation of the Agreement in domestic law and policy.

From the Paris Agreement to a Low-Carbon Bretton Woods

Rationale for the Establishment of a Mitigation Alliance

Author: Michele Stua

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319546996

Category: Law

Page: 239

View: 9475

This book investigates the existing and possible links between the concept of a Carbon Club and the Paris Agreement. In doing so the book defines those criteria that may lead to an effective establishment of a Carbon Club acting within the mandate of the Paris Agreement and identifies the key questions that such an option may help to tackle: Which low-carbon pathways are compatible with the new temperature targets set by the Paris Agreement? Can new entities like the Carbon Club have a decisive role in guaranteeing the alignment of the aggregate mitigating actions with the global objectives identified within the Paris Agreement? What role will be played by market and non-market approaches within the proposed framework? How can economic, social, and environmental sustainability be ensured during the implementation of the Agreement? How can justice and equity be encouraged between the Parties and all the involved actors as required by the Agreement? Which instruments can be designed and adopted to provide the expected degree of transparency for the new system? To respond to these questions the book adopts a holistic approach, able to emphasize the strong interrelations. The book discusses the opportunity to develop a Carbon Club within the Article 6 framework, and provides a feasible roadmap for its means of implementation, rules and governance structure. The final result is a feasible policy proposal that takes into account all the key issues introduced by the questions, and draws a roadmap towards a 'low-carbon Bretton Woods’.

A Bitter Peace

Washington, Hanoi, and the Making of the Paris Agreement

Author: Pierre Asselin

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807854174

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 4669

Exploring the diplomatic effort to end the Vietnam War, Asselin shows that the Paris Peace Agreement of 1973 was doomed to unravel.

The Paris Agreement

The Best Chance We Have to Save the One Planet We've Got

Author: Albert K. Bates

Publisher: Ecovillage

ISBN: 9780966931785

Category: History

Page: 286

View: 7850

There is no way to meet the targets laid out in The Paris Agreement without keeping 90 percent or more of remaining coal, oil and gas in the ground. The adoption of this accord by more than 190 countries on December 12, 2015 marks the end of the era of fossil fuels. The final text still has some serious gaps, and the timetable will have to speed up, but the treaty places a red line on carbon emissions that all nations have agreed we cannot cross. With science, economics and law coming into historic alignment, a solar-powered economy is now unstoppable, and it will change everything. Will it come soon enough to matter? Will it be enough? How difficult will the transition be? There is a still a very large gap between climate science and this new prescription. There is a gap in political will, economic planning and general public awareness that must be bridged, and quickly. Our new way of operating will be crafted in the coming decade. This book looks at the pieces we have and the pieces that are still missing. The Paris Agreement follows the author's personal journey from COP-15 in Copenhagen to Le Bourget's Blue Zone, stopping along the way at endangered tropical rainforests, melting glaciers and sinking islands. It takes you through the exciting weeks in Paris, with the outcome uncertain, and how the text made its way through each day. We hang out in Belushi's Bar, attend the nightly Place to Brief, and travel along the Seine with the First Nations. At no time have the historic stakes been higher. In Paris there was rare drama, being played out among people from every corner of the planet, through the long hours of each night. Albert Bates takes us there, watches it all as it happened, and then looks at the final document, reproduced in entirety, and what it does and does not say.

Mitigation Policies for the Paris Agreement: An Assessment for G20 Countries

Author: Ian Parry,Victor Mylonas,Nate Vernon

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1484375092

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 56

View: 2412

Following submission of greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation commitments (by 169 countries) for the 2015 Paris Agreement, policymakers are considering specific policy actions to implement these commitments. To help guide policy, it is helpful to have a quantitative framework for understanding: the main impacts (on GHGs, fiscal balances, the domestic environment, economic welfare, and distributional incidence) of emissions pricing; trade-offs between pricing and other (commonly used) mitigation instruments; and why, and to what extent, needed policies and their impacts differ across countries. This paper provides an illustrative sense of this information for G20 member countries (who collectively account for about 80 percent of global emissions) under plausible (though inevitably uncertain) projections for future fuel use and fuel price responsiveness. The quantitative results underscore the generally strong case for (comprehensive) pricing over other instruments, its small net costs or often net benefits (when domestic environmental gains are considered), but the potentially wide dispersion, and hence inefficiency, in emissions prices implied by countries’ mitigation commitments.

Globalization of Low-Carbon Technologies

The Impact of the Paris Agreement

Author: Venkatachalam Anbumozhi,Kaliappa Kalirajan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811049017

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 621

View: 7851

This book explores the opportunities and barriers within the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) framework of the Paris Agreement for low-carbon technology diffusion. Further, it proposes appropriate and feasible mechanisms required at local, national and regional levels to achieve the INDC targets. The book employs both meta policy analysis and scenario building to examine, whether the diffusion of low-carbon energy future by 2030 is economically viable under the INDC framework and how international technology cooperation could accelerate investments on the scale required for achieving the INDC targets. Further, this book provides new perspectives on market and non-market mechanisms for the globalization of low-carbon technologies, within the framework conditions of the Paris Agreement, which will be of significant value to senior policy makers, multi-disciplinary academia, and investing communities.

The Paris Agreement on Climate Change

A Better Chance to Tackling Global Climate Change

Author: Michael C. Enwerem

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781523781171


Page: 96

View: 5311

The Paris agreement focuses on confronting the climate crisis, and sending a critical message about the collective international obligation to turn away from fossil fuels. For the first time, poor and rich countries alike committed to curbing the greenhouse gas emissions that serve as the drivers for global warming by phasing out their reliance on carbon fuels in favor of renewable energy sources such as solar and wind. The Paris accord marks a turning point for the planet. World leaders now acknowledge that climate change has and will continue to exact an incalculable toll on the world's people, especially the most vulnerable. It gives testament to the power of a mobilized global movement demanding universal and decisive action to avert a devastating climate breakdown. The accord requires countries to develop and submit detailed plans to curb CO2 emissions. States are required to submit to the ratchet mechanism, a framework that mandates them to return to the table every five years to review their emission reduction targets and spell out plans for progressively deeper cuts. Michael as an environmental manager and an environmentalist does a very powerful job to bringing he problem of global warming and climate change in a very explainable manner that even a layman will understand. The book is extremely important for everyone who wishes to come to grasp with the issue of climate change and global warming and wants to really understand exactly what was agreed upon in paris. Reading the book makes one develop instant love, understanding, protection and care for our environment for a greener and better environment for all.

Decoding Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

Author: Asian Development Bank

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789292611606

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 132

View: 4440

The new framework for cooperative approaches and mechanisms under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement charts a path for the resurgence of carbon markets. However, the modalities, rules, and guidance are yet to be fully elaborated. Article 6 is a key part of the Paris Agreement. It allows Parties to voluntarily cooperate to meet their Nationally Determined Contributions, providing for international transfers of mitigation outcomes, a new mechanism for mitigation and sustainable development, and non-market approaches. Article 6 establishes the foundation for a post 2020 carbon market, but there are still many complex issues to be discussed and decided among Parties to finalize the Paris Agreement rulebook by the end of 2018. This publication examines the options for establishing guidance, rules, and modalities for the key elements of Article 6, decoding issues such as internationally transferred mitigation outcomes, environmental integrity, double counting and corresponding adjustments.

A peace denied

the United States, Vietnam, and the Paris agreement

Author: Gareth Porter

Publisher: N.A


Category: History

Page: 357

View: 9808


The Paris Climate Agreement

Author: Duchess Harris,Rebecca Rowell

Publisher: Essential Library

ISBN: 9781532116803


Page: 112

View: 6610

The Paris Climate Agreement explores the issues surrounding the 2015 international agreement to combat climate change. Many nations were shocked when the United States later announced its decision to withdraw from the agreement. The book explores these political ramifications and encourages readers to form their own opinions. Features include a glossary, references, websites, source notes, and an index. Aligned to Common Core Standards and correlated to state standards. Essential Library is an imprint of Abdo Publishing, a division of ABDO.

Das Kyoto-Protokoll

Internationale Klimapolitik für das 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Sebastian Oberthür,Hermann E. Ott

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663014347

Category: Social Science

Page: 443

View: 7793

Die internationale Klimapolitik ist an einem Wendepunkt angekommen. Die Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls ist ein großer Schritt in dem Versuch der Menschheit, die schädlichen Folgen des Klimawandels zu begrenzen. Dieses Buch, geschrieben von zwei deutschen Experten, erklärt die naturwissenschaftlichen, ökonomischen sowie politischen Bedingungen desTreibhauseffekts und erläutert die Hintergründe der Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls. Das Buch analysiert in seinem Mittelteil den Vertragstext im Stile eines Gesetzeskommentars, nennt die offenen Fragen und gibt mögliche Antworten für die Weiterentwicklung der Normen. In einem dritten Teil werden Schlussfolgerungen gezogen, die politische Landschaft nach Kyoto beleuchtet und eine Leadership-Initiative für die Europäische Union vorgestellt, um die Handlungsmacht gegenüber den USA wieder zu erlangen.