The Oxford Handbook of Workplace Discrimination

Author: Adrienne J. Colella,Eden B. King

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199363641

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 488

View: 3244

Increasing workplace diversity has given rise to growing intergroup challenges that persistently manifest in discrimination. An emerging science in psychology, sociology, and management has yielded useful evidence to be brought to bear on the important problem of discrimination, but current literature is either focused on social (rather than work) settings, on legal (rather than interpersonal) issues, or on the general phenomenon of diversity instead of the social problem of discrimination in action. Edited by Adrienne J. Colella and Eden B. King, The Oxford Handbook of Workplace Discrimination provides readers with a broad and interdisciplinary review of state-of-the-art research on discrimination in the workplace. In this volume, Colella, King, and their contributing authors tackle the unique experiences of people from diverse perspectives and communities (including religious minorities, gay and lesbian workers, and people with disabilities); the myriad of ways in which discrimination can manifest and its overall consequences; explanations for discrimination; and strategies for reduction. This Handbook will propel future scholarship by clearly outlining the substantive questions, methods, and issues for the future ahead.
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The Oxford Handbook of Workplace Discrimination

Author: Adrienne J. Colella,Eden B. King

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199363641

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 488

View: 3570

Increasing workplace diversity has given rise to growing intergroup challenges that persistently manifest in discrimination. An emerging science in psychology, sociology, and management has yielded useful evidence to be brought to bear on the important problem of discrimination, but current literature is either focused on social (rather than work) settings, on legal (rather than interpersonal) issues, or on the general phenomenon of diversity instead of the social problem of discrimination in action. Edited by Adrienne J. Colella and Eden B. King, The Oxford Handbook of Workplace Discrimination provides readers with a broad and interdisciplinary review of state-of-the-art research on discrimination in the workplace. In this volume, Colella, King, and their contributing authors tackle the unique experiences of people from diverse perspectives and communities (including religious minorities, gay and lesbian workers, and people with disabilities); the myriad of ways in which discrimination can manifest and its overall consequences; explanations for discrimination; and strategies for reduction. This Handbook will propel future scholarship by clearly outlining the substantive questions, methods, and issues for the future ahead.
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The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Psychology

Author: Steve W. J. Kozlowski

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199928304

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1427

View: 7648

Organizational psychology is the science of psychology applied to work and organizations. In two volumes comprising 42 chapters written by 69 leading scholars in the field, The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Psychology is a landmark publication that rigorously compiles knowledge in organizational psychology to date, encapsulates key topics of research and application, summarizes important research findings, and identifies innovative directions for research and practice.
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The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Obesity

Author: John Cawley

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199876177

Category: Medical

Page: 912

View: 3725

There is an urgent need to better understand the causes and consequences of obesity, and to learn what works to prevent or reduce obesity. This volume accurately and conveniently summarizes the findings and insights of obesity-related research from the full range of social sciences including anthropology, economics, government, psychology, and sociology. It is an excellent resource for researchers in these areas, both bringing them up to date on the relevant research in their own discipline and allowing them to quickly and easily understand the cutting-edge research being produced in other disciplines. The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Obesity is a critical reference for obesity researchers and is also valuable for public health officials, policymakers, nutritionists, and medical practitioners. The first section of the book explains how each social science discipline models human behavior (in particular, diet and physical activity), and summarizes the major research literatures on obesity in that discipline. The second section provides important practical information for researchers, including a guide to publicly available social science data on obesity and an overview of the challenges to causal inference in obesity research. The third part of the book synthesizes social science research on specific causes and correlates of obesity, such as food advertising, food prices, and peers. The fourth section summarizes social science research on the consequences of obesity, such as lower wages, job absenteeism, and discrimination. The fifth and final section reviews the social science literature on obesity treatment and prevention, such as food taxes, school-based interventions, and medical treatments such as anti-obesity drugs and bariatric surgery.
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The Oxford Handbook of Work and Aging

Author: Jerry W. Hedge,Walter C. Borman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195385055

Category: Psychology

Page: 717

View: 803

Global aging, technological advances, and financial pressures on health and pension systems are sure to influence future patterns of work and retirement. The Oxford Handbook of Work and Aging offers an international, multi-disciplinary perspective, examining the aging workforce from an individual worker, organization, and societal perspective, and offering direction for where research and application should be focused in the future.
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The Oxford Handbook of Stigma, Discrimination, and Health

Author: Brenda Major,John F. Dovidio,Bruce G. Link

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190243473

Category: Medical

Page: 576

View: 1374

Stigma leads to poorer health. Edited by Brenda Major, John F. Dovidio, and Bruce G. Link, The Oxford Handbook of Stigma, Discrimination, and Health provides compelling evidence from various disciplines in support of this thesis and explains how and why health disparities exist and persist. Stigmatization involves distinguishing people by a socially conferred "mark," seeing them as deviant, and devaluing and socially excluding them. The core insight of this book is that the social processes of stigma reliably translate into the biology of disease and death. Contributors elucidate this insight by showing exactly how stigma negatively affects health and creates health disparities through multiple mechanisms operating at different levels of influence. Understanding the causes and consequences of health disparities requires a multi-level analysis that considers structural forces, psychological processes, and biological mechanisms. This volume's unique multidisciplinary approach brings together social and health psychologists, sociologists, public health scholars, and medical ethicists to comprehensively assess stigma's impact on health. It goes beyond the common practice of studying one stigmatized group at a time to examine the stigma-health link across multiple stigmatized groups. This broad, multidisciplinary framework not only illuminates the significant effects stigma has when aggregated across the health of many groups but also increases understanding of which stigma processes are general across groups and which are particular to specific groups. Here, a compendium of leading international experts point readers toward potential policy responses and possibilities for intervention as well as to the large gaps in understanding that remain. This book is the definitive source of scholarship on stigma and physical health for established and emerging scholars, practitioners, and students in psychology, sociology, public health, medicine, law, political science, geography, and the allied disciplines.
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The Oxford Handbook of Women and the Economy

Author: Susan L. Averett,Laura M. Argys,Saul D. Hoffman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190628960

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 888

View: 6353

Introduction : women, the economy, and economics / Susan L. Averett, Laura M. Argys, & Saul D. Hoffman -- Marriage-market search and sorting : explanations and evidence / Hani Mansour & Terra McKinnish -- Marriage and marriage markets / Shoshana Grossbard -- Marital instability in the United States : trends, driving forces, and implications for children / Evelyn L. Lehrer & Yeon Jeong Son -- Marriage markets in developing countries / S Anukriti & Shatanjaya Dasgupta -- Fertility issues and policy in developing countries / Claus C. Pörtner -- Fertility issues in developed countries / Alícia Adserá & Ana Ferrer -- Fertility policy in developed countries / Leonard M. Lopoo & Kerri M. Raissian -- Nonmarital and teen fertility / Jason M. Fletcher & Jessica Polos -- Access and use of contraception and its effects on women's outcomes in the United States / Martha J. Bailey & Jason M. Lindo -- Child gender and the family / Elaina Rose -- Maternal socioeconomic status and the well-being of the next generation(s) / Kasey S. Buckles -- U.S. child care policy and economic impacts / Jean Kimmel & Rachel Connelly -- Maternity and family leave policy / Maya Rossin-Slater -- The causes and consequences of increased female education and labor force participation in developing countries / Rachel Heath & Seema Jayachandran -- The gender wage gap in developed countries / Astrid Kunze -- Women, work, and family / Fran D. Blau & Anne E. Winkler -- Occupation and gender / Patricia Cortes & Jessica Pan -- Taxes, transfers and women's labor supply in the United States / Melanie Guldi & Lucie Schmidt -- Gender differences in behavioral traits and labor market outcomes / Olga Shurchkov & Catherine C. Eckel -- Biology and gender in the labor market / Deborah A. Cobb-Clark -- Women and leadership / Amalia R. Miller -- Women in the workplace and management practices : theory and evidence / Takao Kato & Naomi Kodama -- Racial differences in american women's labor market outcomes : a long-run view / William J. Collins & Michael Q. Moody -- Women and the labor market : a feminist perspective / Joyce P. Jacobsen -- Gender : an historical perspective / Paola Giuliano -- Understanding differences in mortality and morbidity by sex : the role of biological, social, and economic factors / Barbara Schone -- Women's labor market status and economic development / Nidhiya Menon & Yana van der Meulen Rodgers -- Women and migration / Francisca M. Antman -- The care penalty and gender inequality / Nancy Folbre -- Women and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (stem) : are differences in education and careers due to stereotypes, interests, or family? / Shulamit Kahn & Donna Ginther -- Women's homelessness : international evidence on causes, consequences, coping and policies / Guy Johnson, David C. Ribar, & Anna Zhu
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The Oxford Handbook of Diversity in Organizations

Author: Regine Bendl,Inge Bleijenbergh,Elina Henttonen,Albert J. Mills

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199679800

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 635

View: 5686

Description of the foundations of organizing and managing diversities, and multidisciplinary, intersectional and critical analyses on key issues.
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The Oxford Handbook of Gender in Organizations

Author: Savita Kumra,Ruth Simpson,Ronald J. Burke

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199658218

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 548

View: 4792

The issue of gender in organizations has attracted much attention and debate over a number of years. The focus of examination is inequality of opportunity between the genders and the impact this has on organizations, individual men and women, and society as a whole. It is undoubtedly the case that progress has been made with women participating in organizational life in greater numbers and at more senior levels than has been historically the case, challenging notions that senior and/or influential organizational and political roles remain a masculine domain. The Oxford Handbook of Gender in Organizations is a comprehensive analysis of thinking and research on gender in organizations with original contributions from key international scholars in the field. The Handbook comprises four sections. The first looks at the theoretical roots and potential for theoretical development in respect of the topic of gender in organizations. The second section focuses on leadership and management and the gender issues arising in this field; contributors review the extensive literature and reflect on progress made as well as commenting on hurdles yet to be overcome. The third section considers the gendered nature of careers. Here the focus is on querying traditional approaches to career, surfacing embedded assumptions within traditional approaches, and assessing potential for alternative patterns to evolve, taking into account the nature of women's lives and the changing nature of organizations. In its final section the Handbook examines masculinity in organizations to assess the diversity of masculinities evident within organizations and the challenges posed to those outside the norm. In bringing together a broad range of research and thinking on gender in organizations across a number of disciplines, sub-disciplines, and conceptual perspectives, the Handbook provides a comprehensive view of both contemporary thinking and future research directions.
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The Oxford Handbook of U. S. Women's Social Movement Activism

Author: Holly J. McCammon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190204206

Category: Political Science

Page: 784

View: 7584

Over the course of thirty-seven chapters, including an editorial introduction, this handbook provides a comprehensive examination of scholarly research and knowledge on a variety of aspects of women's collective activism in the United States, tracing both continuities and critical changes over time. Women have played pivotal and far-reaching roles in bringing about significant societal change, and women activists come from an array of different demographics, backgrounds and perspectives, including those that are radical, liberal, and conservative. The chapters in the handbook consider women's activism in the interest of women themselves as well as actions done on behalf of other social groups. The volume is organized into five sections. The first looks at U.S. Women's Social Activism over time, from the women's suffrage movement to the ERA, radical feminism, third-wave feminism, intersectional feminism and global feminism. Part two looks at issues that mobilize women, including workplace discrimination, reproductive rights, health, gender identity and sexuality, violence against women, welfare and employment, globalization, immigration and anti-feminist and pro-life causes. Part three looks at strategies, including movement emergence and resource mobilization, consciousness raising, and traditional and social media. Part four explores targets and tactics, including legislative forums, electoral politics, legal activism, the marketplace, the military, and religious and educational institutions. Finally, part five looks at women's participation within other movements, including the civil rights movement, the environmental movement, labor unions, LGBTQ movement, Latino activism, conservative groups, and the white supremacist movement.
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The Oxford Handbook of Integrative Health Science

Author: Carol D. Ryff,Robert F. Krueger

Publisher: Oxford Library of Psychology

ISBN: 0190676388

Category: Medical

Page: 552

View: 2628

Most health research to date has been pursued within the confines of scientific disciplines that are guided by their own targeted questions and research strategies. Although useful, such inquiries are inherently limited in advancing understanding the interplay of wide-ranging factors that shape human health. The Oxford Handbook of Integrative Health Science embraces an integrative approach that seeks to put together sociodemographic factors (age, gender, race, socioeconomic status) known to contour rates of morbidity and mortality with psychosocial factors (emotion, cognition, personality, well-being, social connections), behavioral factors (health practices) and stress exposures (caregiving responsibilities, divorce, discrimination) also known to influence health. A further overarching theme is to explicate the biological pathways through which these various effects occur. The biopsychosocial leitmotif that inspires this approach demands new kinds of studies wherein wide-ranging assessments across different domains are assembled on large population samples. The MIDUS (Midlife in the U.S.) national longitudinal study exemplifies such an integrative study, and all findings presented in this collection draw on MIDUS. The way the study evolved, via collaboration of scientists working across disciplinary lines, and its enthusiastic reception from the scientific community are all part of the larger story told. Embedded within such tales are important advances in the identification of key protective or vulnerability factors: these pave the way for practice and policy initiatives seeking to improve the nation's health.
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The Oxford Handbook of U. S. Women's Social Movement Activism

Author: Holly J. McCammon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190204206

Category: Political Science

Page: 784

View: 3638

Over the course of thirty-seven chapters, including an editorial introduction, this handbook provides a comprehensive examination of scholarly research and knowledge on a variety of aspects of women's collective activism in the United States, tracing both continuities and critical changes over time. Women have played pivotal and far-reaching roles in bringing about significant societal change, and women activists come from an array of different demographics, backgrounds and perspectives, including those that are radical, liberal, and conservative. The chapters in the handbook consider women's activism in the interest of women themselves as well as actions done on behalf of other social groups. The volume is organized into five sections. The first looks at U.S. Women's Social Activism over time, from the women's suffrage movement to the ERA, radical feminism, third-wave feminism, intersectional feminism and global feminism. Part two looks at issues that mobilize women, including workplace discrimination, reproductive rights, health, gender identity and sexuality, violence against women, welfare and employment, globalization, immigration and anti-feminist and pro-life causes. Part three looks at strategies, including movement emergence and resource mobilization, consciousness raising, and traditional and social media. Part four explores targets and tactics, including legislative forums, electoral politics, legal activism, the marketplace, the military, and religious and educational institutions. Finally, part five looks at women's participation within other movements, including the civil rights movement, the environmental movement, labor unions, LGBTQ movement, Latino activism, conservative groups, and the white supremacist movement.
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The Oxford Handbook of Language and Society

Author: Ofelia Garcia,Professor of Urban Education Ofelia Garcia,Nelson Flores,Massimiliano Spotti

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190212896

Category:

Page: 584

View: 7316

This Oxford Handbook challenges basic concepts that have informed the study of sociolinguistics since its inception in the 1960s. In 27 chapters, the book challenges the modernist positivist perspective of the field that has treated languages and speech communities as bounded and the idealized native speaker as the ultimate authority. Instead, it offers a critical poststructuralist perspective that examines the socio-historical context that led to the emergence of dominant sociolinguistic concepts and develops new theoretical and methodological tools that challenge these dominant concepts. The contributors to this volume take this critical poststructuralist perspective as a starting point for engaging in explorations of a range of sociolinguistic topics including language variation, language ideologies, bi/multilingualism, language policy, linguistic landscapes and multimodality. Each of the contributors provides a critical overview of the limits of modernist positivist perspectives on their topic and offer ways of theorizing and researching their topic in ways that are aligned with a critical poststructuralist perspective. The book also provides a global perspective on these issues with contributors focused on North and South America, Europe, Australia, and Africa. Together, the interdisciplinary and global contributions reveal the limits of conventional approaches to sociolinguistics and offer a glimpse into directions for the future of the field.
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The Oxford Handbook of Diversity and Work

Author: Quinetta M. Roberson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199736359

Category: Medical

Page: 483

View: 2098

Greater workforce diversity and business trends make the management of such diversity an important challenge for organizational leaders. The Oxford Handbook of Diversity and Work offers a comprehensive review of current theory and research and stimulates thoughtful and provocative conversation about future study of diversity in the workplace.
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The Oxford Handbook of Retirement

Author: Mo Wang

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199746524

Category: Medical

Page: 638

View: 4946

This handbook reviews existing theoretical perspectives and research findings on retirement, explores current and future challenges in retirement research and practice, and provides corresponding recommendations and suggestions.
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The Oxford Handbook of Classics in Public Policy and Administration

Author: Steven J. Balla,Martin Lodge,Edward C. Page

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199646139

Category: Political Science

Page: 645

View: 1019

This Handbook brings together a collection of leading international authors to reflect on the influence of central contributions, or classics, that have shaped the development of the field of public policy and administration. The Handbook reflects on a wide range of key contributions to the field, selected on the basis of their international and wider disciplinary impact. Focusing on classics that contributed significantly to the field over the second half of the 20th century, it offers insights into works that have explored aspects of the policy process, of particular features of bureaucracy, and of administrative and policy reforms. Each classic is discussed by a leading international scholars. They offer unique insights into the ways in which individual classics have been received in scholarly debates and disciplines, how classics have shaped evolving research agendas, and how the individual classics continue to shape contemporary scholarly debates. In doing so, this volume offers a novel approach towards considering the various central contributions to the field. The Handbook offers students of public policy and administration state-of-the-art insights into the enduring impact of key contributions to the field.
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The Oxford Handbook of Personnel Psychology

Author: Susan Cartwright,Cary L. Cooper

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199234736

Category: Psychology

Page: 654

View: 9699

The field of Personnel Psychology is broadly concerned with the study of individual differences and their consequences for the organization. As human resource costs continue, for most organizations, to be the single largest operating cost (50-80% of annual expenditure), achieving optimal performance from individual employees is of paramount importance to the sustained development and financial performance of any organization. The Oxford Handbook of Personnel Psychology brings together contributions from leading international scholars within the field to present state-of-the-art reviews on topical and emergent issues, constructs, and research in personnel psychology. The book is divided into six sections: - Individual Difference and Work Performance - Personnel Selection - Methodological Issues - Training and Development - Policies and Practices - Future Challenges While the Handbook is primarily a review of current academic thinking and research in the area, the contributors keep a strong focus on the lessons for HR practitioners, and what lessons they can take from the cutting-edge work presented. About the Series Oxford Handbooks in Business & Management bring together the world's leading scholars on the subject to discuss current research and the latest thinking in a range of interrelated topics including Strategy, Organizational Behavior, Public Management, International Business, and many others. Containing completely new essays with extensive referencing to further reading and key ideas, the volumes, in hardback or paperback, serve as both a thorough introduction to a topic and a useful desk reference for scholars and advanced students alike.
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The Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology and Disability

Author: Michael L. Wehmeyer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195398785

Category: Medical

Page: 544

View: 7315

This handbook is the first comprehensive text on positive psychology and disability. Emphasizing paradigmatic changes in understanding disability, the text covers traditional disciplines in positive psychology; and applications of positive psychology to domains like education or work.
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Handbook on Well-Being of Working Women

Author: Mary L. Connerley,Jiyun Wu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401798974

Category: Social Science

Page: 821

View: 1925

This handbook provides an overview and synthesis of relevant literature related to the issue of the well-being of working women. This focus addresses a gap that currently exists in the quality-of-life and well-being fields. The work of the authors answers the following broad questions: Does gender matter in the well-being of working women? Do prejudices against and stereotypes of women still play a role in inter-personal interactions in the workplace that could hinder women from flourishing professionally? Does the organizational context, such as organizational culture, reward systems, and leadership, contribute to the well-being of working-women? What impact does the national context have on the well-being of working women? And finally, how can public policies help enhance the well-being of working women? These are important issues for academics, researchers, and graduate students interested in gender issues in the fields of management, sociology, psychology, social psychology, economics, and quality of life studies. Policy makers and practitioners will also find this book beneficial. Equitable treatment and outcomes for all, regardless of gender, remains a challenging goal to achieve, with various barriers in different contexts and different cultures, and this book provides strong coverage of this important topic of well-being of working women.
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Unequal

How America's Courts Undermine Discrimination Law

Author: Sandra F. Sperino,Suja A. Thomas

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190278382

Category: Law

Page: 232

View: 7682

It is no secret that since the 1980s, American workers have lost power vis-a-vis employers. Along with the well-chronicled steep decline in private sector unionization, American workers alleging employment discrimination have fared increasingly poorly in the courts. In recent years, judges have dismissed scores of cases in which workers presented evidence that supervisors referred to them using racial or gender slurs. In one federal district court, judges dismissed more than 80 percent of the race discrimination cases filed over a year. And when juries return verdicts in favor of employees, judges often second guess those verdicts, finding ways to nullify the jury's verdict and rule in favor of the employer. Most Americans assume that that an employee alleging workplace discrimination faces the same legal system as other litigants. After all, we do not usually think that legal rules vary depending upon the type of claim brought. As the employment law scholars Sandra A. Sperino and Suja A. Thomas show in Unequal, though, our assumptions are wrong. Over the course of the last half century, employment discrimination claims have come to operate in a fundamentally different legal system than other claims. It is in many respects a parallel universe, one in which the legal system systematically favors employers over employees. A host of procedural, evidentiary, and substantive mechanisms serve as barriers for employees, making it extremely difficult for them to access the courts. Moreover, these mechanisms make it fairly easy for judges to dismiss a case prior to trial. Americans are unaware of how the system operates partly because they think that race and gender discrimination are in the process of fading away. But such discrimination remains fairly common in the workplace, and workers now have little recourse to fight it legally. By tracing the modern history of employment discrimination, Sperino and Thomas provide an authoritative account of how our legal system evolved into an institution that is inherently biased against workers making rights claims.
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