The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0199569061

Category: Social Science

Page: 872

View: 7537

This Handbook reviews the state of mortuary archaeology and its practice with forty-four chapters focusing on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods and geographical areas.
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The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Ritual and Religion

Author: Timothy Insoll

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019923244X

Category: Religion

Page: 1108

View: 3743

A comprehensive overview, by period and region, of the archaeology of ritual and religion. The coverage is global, and extends from the earliest prehistory to modern times. Written by over sixty renowned specialists, the Handbook presents the very best in current scholarship, and will also stimulate further research.
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The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Childhood

Author: Sally Crawford,Dawn Hadley,Gillian Shepherd

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199670692

Category: Social Science

Page: 784

View: 6117

Real understanding of past societies is not possible without including children, and yet they have been strangely invisible in the archaeological record. Compelling explanation about past societies cannot be achieved without including and investigating children and childhood. However marginal the traces of children's bodies and bricolage may seem compared to adults, archaeological evidence of children and childhood can be found in the most astonishing places and spaces. The archaeology of childhood is one of the most exciting and challenging areas for new discovery about past societies. Children are part of every human society, but childhood is a cultural construct. Each society develops its own idea about what a childhood should be, what children can or should do, and how they are trained to take their place in the world. Children also play a part in creating the archaeological record itself. In this volume, experts from around the world ask questions about childhood - thresholds of age and growth, childhood in the material culture, the death of children, and the intersection of the childhood and the social, economic, religious, and political worlds of societies in the past.
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The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Contemporary World

Author: Paul Graves-Brown,Rodney Harrison,Angela Piccini

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191663956

Category: Social Science

Page: 864

View: 506

It has been clear for many years that the ways in which archaeology is practised have been a direct product of a particular set of social, cultural, and historical circumstances - archaeology is always carried out in the present. More recently, however, many have begun to consider how archaeological techniques might be used to reflect more directly on the contemporary world itself: how we might undertake archaeologies of, as well as in the present. This Handbook is the first comprehensive survey of an exciting and rapidly expanding sub-field and provides an authoritative overview of the newly emerging focus on the archaeology of the present and recent past. In addition to detailed archaeological case studies, it includes essays by scholars working on the relationships of different disciplines to the archaeology of the contemporary world, including anthropology, psychology, philosophy, historical geography, science and technology studies, communications and media, ethnoarchaeology, forensic archaeology, sociology, film, performance, and contemporary art. This volume seeks to explore the boundaries of an emerging sub-discipline, to develop a tool-kit of concepts and methods which are applicable to this new field, and to suggest important future trajectories for research. It makes a significant intervention by drawing together scholars working on a broad range of themes, approaches, methods, and case studies from diverse contexts in different parts of the world, which have not previously been considered collectively.
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The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

Author: Peter Mitchell,Paul Lane

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626155

Category: Social Science

Page: 1080

View: 7128

Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.
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The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence

Author: Mark Juergensmeyer,Margo Kitts,Michael Jerryson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199759995

Category: Political Science

Page: 653

View: 4024

Violence has always played a part in the religious imagination, from symbols and myths to legendary battles, from colossal wars to the theater of terrorism. The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence surveys intersections between religion and violence throughout history and around the world. The forty original essays in this volume include overviews of major religious traditions, showing how violence is justified within the literary and theological foundations of the tradition, how it is used symbolically and in ritual practice, and how social acts of violence and warfare have been justified by religious ideas. The essays also examine patterns and themes relating to religious violence, such as sacrifice and martyrdom, which are explored in cross-disciplinary or regional analyses; and offer major analytic approaches, from literary to social scientific studies. The contributors to this volume—-innovative thinkers who are forging new directions in theory and analysis related to religion and violence—-provide novel insights into this important field of studies. By mapping out the whole field of religion and violence, The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence will prove an authoritative source for students and scholars for years to come.
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The Palaeolithic Origins of Human Burial

Author: Paul Pettitt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136699090

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 8836

Humans are unique in that they expend considerable effort and ingenuity in disposing of the dead. Some of the recognisable ways we do this are visible in the Palaeolithic archaeology of the Ice Age. The Palaeolithic Origins of Human Burial takes a novel approach to the long-term development of human mortuary activity – the various ways we deal with the dead and with dead bodies. It is the first comprehensive survey of Palaeolithic mortuary activity in the English language. Observations in the modern world as to how chimpanzees behave towards their dead allow us to identify ‘core’ areas of behaviour towards the dead that probably have very deep evolutionary antiquity. From that point, the palaeontological and archaeological records of the Pliocene and Pleistocene are surveyed. The core chapters of the book survey the mortuary activities of early hominins, archaic members of the genus Homo, early Homo sapiens, the Neanderthals, the Early and Mid Upper Palaeolithic, and the Late Upper Palaeolithic world. Burial is a striking component of Palaeolithic mortuary activity, although existing examples are odd and this probably does not reflect what modern societies believe burial to be, and modern ways of thinking of the dead probably arose only at the very end of the Pleistocene. When did symbolic aspects of mortuary ritual evolve? When did the dead themselves become symbols? In discussing such questions, The Palaeolithic Origins of Human Burial offers an engaging contribution to the debate on modern human origins. It is illustrated throughout, includes up-to-date examples from the Lower to Late Upper Palaeolithic, including information hitherto unpublished.
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The Dynamics of Ancient Empires

State Power from Assyria to Byzantium

Author: Ian Morris,Walter Scheidel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199707614

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 3677

The world's first known empires took shape in Mesopotamia between the eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea and the Persian Gulf, beginning around 2350 BCE. The next 2,500 years witnessed sustained imperial growth, bringing a growing share of humanity under the control of ever-fewer states. Two thousand years ago, just four major powers--the Roman, Parthian, Kushan, and Han empires--ruled perhaps two-thirds of the earth's entire population. Yet despite empires' prominence in the early history of civilization, there have been surprisingly few attempts to study the dynamics of ancient empires in the western Old World comparatively. Such grand comparisons were popular in the eighteenth century, but scholars then had only Greek and Latin literature and the Hebrew Bible as evidence, and necessarily framed the problem in different, more limited, terms. Near Eastern texts, and knowledge of their languages, only appeared in large amounts in the later nineteenth century. Neither Karl Marx nor Max Weber could make much use of this material, and not until the 1920s were there enough archaeological data to make syntheses of early European and west Asian history possible. But one consequence of the increase in empirical knowledge was that twentieth-century scholars generally defined the disciplinary and geographical boundaries of their specialties more narrowly than their Enlightenment predecessors had done, shying away from large questions and cross-cultural comparisons. As a result, Greek and Roman empires have largely been studied in isolation from those of the Near East. This volume is designed to address these deficits and encourage dialogue across disciplinary boundaries by examining the fundamental features of the successive and partly overlapping imperial states that dominated much of the Near East and the Mediterranean in the first millennia BCE and CE. A substantial introductory discussion of recent thought on the mechanisms of imperial state formation prefaces the five newly commissioned case studies of the Neo-Assyrian, Achaemenid Persian, Athenian, Roman, and Byzantine empires. A final chapter draws on the findings of evolutionary psychology to improve our understanding of ultimate causation in imperial predation and exploitation in a wide range of historical systems from all over the globe. Contributors include John Haldon, Jack Goldstone, Peter Bedford, Josef Wieseh?fer, Ian Morris, Walter Scheidel, and Keith Hopkins, whose essay on Roman political economy was completed just before his death in 2004.
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Hort und Raum

Aktuelle Forschungen zu bronzezeitlichen Deponierungen in Mitteleuropa

Author: Svend Hansen,Daniel Neumann,Tilmann Vachta

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110290251

Category: History

Page: 262

View: 9539

The essays in this volume, which are conducted across a broad geographical range, reveal the great potential of studying Bronze Age hoard sites. This volume provides a glimpse into current research on Bronze Age hoard sites between the Baltic Sea and Carpathian Basin while also opening up new perspectives on a phenomenon often regarded as fully researched.
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Social Bioarchaeology

Author: Sabrina C. Agarwal,Bonnie A. Glencross

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444390520

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 5854

Illustrates new methodological directions in analyzing human social and biological variation Offers a wide array of research on past populations around the globe Explains the central features of bioarchaeological research by key researchers and established experts around the world
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Material turn: Feministische Perspektiven auf Materialität und Materialismus

Author: Imke Leicht,Christine Löw,Nadja Meisterhans,Katharina Volk

Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich

ISBN: 3847404067

Category: Political Science

Page: 205

View: 6627

Das Thema Materialität wird innerhalb feministischer Forschungen in den letzten Jahren erneut diskutiert. Vor dem Hintergrund des material turn widmet sich der Band aktuellen Auseinandersetzungen mit Materialität und Materialismus. Dabei sollen zum einen bestehende Konfliktfelder zwischen Diskurs und Materialität sowie Struktur, Handlungsfähigkeit und Subjektivität aus feministischer Perspektive aufgezeigt werden. Zum anderen strebt der Band an, Potenziale einer verbindenden Perspektive auf 'neue' und 'alte' Konzeptionen von Materialität und Materialismen innerhalb feministischer Theorien und Praxen kritisch auszuloten.
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Der Tod als Herrscher in Ugarit und Israel

Author: Stefanie Ulrike Gulde

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161492143

Category: Religion

Page: 283

View: 5590

English summary: Human beings have always been interested in the phenomenon of death. Since no living person can have any knowledge about death itself, the exchange of information on this subject in all cultures and eras has largely been in pictures, and in particular metaphors. Using the phenomenon of death as an example, Stefanie Ulrike Gulde studies the special possibilities provided by pictorial language in the Old Testament. All the figures which symbolize death, whether as a glutton, an intruder or a robber, a shepherd or a partner in the covenant, have one thing in common: death is always shown as a ruler. As expected, this attribute reflects the helplessness of human beings where death and dying are concerned. German description: Das Phanomen 'Tod' beschaftigte den Menschen zu allen Zeiten, was sich unter anderem darin zeigt, dass der Austausch uber den Tod eine betrachtliche Menge an Literatur pragt. Da uber den Tod an sich kein Lebender Wissen haben kann, erfolgt dieser Austausch durch alle Kulturen und Zeiten hindurch zum Grossteil uber bildsprachliche, besonders metaphorische Versuche. Stefanie Ulrike Gulde untersucht anhand des Phanomens 'Tod' die besonderen Moglichkeiten von Bildsprache im Alten Testament und seiner Umwelt. Gleichzeitig konzentriert sich die Autorin auf ganz bestimmte bildsprachliche Annaherungen an den Tod, die im Vorderen Alten Orient kursierten und dann auch im Alten Testament zu finden sind. Es ist der Tod als Figur, der motivgeschichtlich betrachtet wird. Diese Figur tritt in zwei unterschiedlichen Traditionen in Erscheinung, was Ruckschlusse auf den Austausch zwischen den agyptischen, mesopotamischen und westsyrischen Kulturkreisen zulasst. Beide Traditionen finden sich erwartungsgemass im Alten Testament wieder. Doch sind dort auch weitere Figuren des Todes erhalten, die keine Parallelen zu Personifikationen aus der Umwelt des Alten Testaments zu haben scheinen. Sie zeugen vom souveranen Umgang der biblischen Autoren mit althergebrachten Motiven und Traditionen. Eine Gemeinsamkeit findet sich dennoch bei den verschiedenen Todesfiguren, sei es als Fresser, Eindringling oder Rauber, Hirte oder Bundespartner: Immer ist der Tod als Herrscher dargestellt. Erwartungsgemass spiegelt dieses Attribut die Erfahrung der Machtlosigkeit der Menschen wieder, wenn es um Sterben und Tod geht.
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The Archaeology of Death in the Ancient Near East

Author: Stuart Campbell,Anthony Green

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 297

View: 4703

The conference in Manchester in 1992 which this book came out of was organised to raise the profile of the study of mortuary remains in the Ancient Near East. Thirty papers from the conference are published here, covering a wide variety of regions and periods, from Epipalaeolithic to modern. Many different aspects are examined: physical anthropology, burial goods, social structure, ethoarchaeology, etc. This volume has a wide relevance not only to the areas specifically addressed, but also in the interpretation of burial remains and the evolution of society.
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Europa und der Islam

Geschichte eines Mißverständnisses

Author: Franco Cardini

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406510960

Category: Civilization, Medieval

Page: 308

View: 8631

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Tod und Ritual in den christlichen Gemeinden der Antike

Author: Ulrich Volp

Publisher: Supplements to Vigiliae Christ

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 337

View: 3510

This interdisciplinary study on Early Christian rituals in connection with death and burial thoroughly analyses the surviving pagan and Christian literary and non-literary sources. Thus, complex anthropological processes are being discovered which led to the forming of Christian rituals.
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Zeit der Morgenröte

Japans Archäologie und Geschichte bis zu den ersten Kaisern

Author: Alfried Wieczorek,Werner Steinhaus,Nara Bunkazai Kenkyūjo,Reiss-Engelhorn-Museen,Martin-Gropius-Bau (Berlin, Germany)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Japan

Page: 367

View: 6888

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