The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-gatherers

Author: Vicki Cummings,Peter Jordan,Marek Zvelebil

Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)

ISBN: 0199551227

Category: History

Page: 1330

View: 7850

For more than a century, the study of hunting and gathering societies has been central to the development of both archaeology and anthropology as academic disciplines, and has also generated widespread public interest and debate. This book provides a comprehensive review of hunter-gatherer studies, tracing histories of research and undertaking detailed regional and thematic case-studies that span the archaeology, history and anthropology of hunter gatherers,concluding with an in-depth review of the main opportunities, research questions, and moral obligations that lie ahead.
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The Oxford Handbook of Mesoamerican Archaeology

Author: Deborah L. Nichols,Christopher A. Pool

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195390938

Category: History

Page: 979

View: 649

The Oxford Handbook of Mesoamerican Archaeology provides a current and comprehensive guide to the recent and on-going archaeology of Mesoamerica. Though the emphasis is on prehispanic societies, this Handbook also includes coverage of important new work by archaeologists on the Colonial and Republican periods. Unique among recent works, the text brings together in a single volume article-length regional syntheses and topical overviews written by active scholars in the field of Mesoamerican archaeology. The first section of the Handbook provides an overview of recent history and trends of Mesoamerica and articles on national archaeology programs and practice in Central America and Mexico written by archaeologists from these countries. These are followed regional syntheses organized by time period, beginning with early hunter-gatherer societies and the first farmers of Mesoamerica and concluding with a discussion of the Spanish Conquest and frontiers and peripheries of Mesoamerica. Topical and comparative articles comprise the remainder of Handbook. They cover important dimensions of prehispanic societies—from ecology, economy, and environment to social and political relations—and discuss significant methodological contributions, such as geo-chemical source studies, as well as new theories and diverse theoretical perspectives. The Handbook concludes with a section on the archaeology of the Spanish conquest and the Colonial and Republican periods to connect the prehispanic, proto-historic, and historic periods. This volume will be a must-read for students and professional archaeologists, as well as other scholars including historians, art historians, geographers, and ethnographers with an interest in Mesoamerica.
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The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

Author: Timothy Pauketat,Timothy R. Pauketat

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190241098

Category: History

Page: 704

View: 2056

This volume explores 15,000 years of indigenous human history on the North American continent, drawing on the latest archaeological theories, time-honored methodologies, and rich datasets. From the Arctic south to the Mexican border and east to the Atlantic Ocean, all of the major cultural developments are covered in 53 chapters, with certain periods, places, and historical problems receiving special focus by the volume's authors. Questions like who first peopled the continent, what did it mean to have been a hunter-gatherer in the Great Basin versus the California coast, how significant were cultural exchanges between Native North Americans and Mesoamericans, and why do major historical changes seem to correspond to shifts in religion, politics, demography, and economy are brought into focus. The practice of archaeology itself is discussed as contributors wrestle with modern-day concerns with the implications of doing archaeology and its relevance for understanding ourselves today. In the end, the chapters in this book show us that the principal questions answered about human history through the archaeology of North America are central to any larger understanding of the relationships between people, cultural identities, landscapes, and the living of everyday life.
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The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

Author: Peter Mitchell,Paul Lane

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199569886

Category: History

Page: 1052

View: 8672

This Handbook provides a comprehensive synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. It includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates and situates the subject's contemporary practice.
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The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology

Author: Umberto Albarella,Mauro Rizzetto,Hannah Russ,Sarah Viner-Daniels

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199686475

Category: Social Science

Page: 839

View: 3610

Animals have played a fundamental role in shaping human history and the study of their remains from archaeological sites--zooarchaeology--has gradually been emerging as a powerful discipline and crucible for forging an understanding of our past. The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology offers a cutting-edge compendium of zooarchaeology the world over that transcends environmental, economic, and social approaches, seeking instead to provide a holistic view of the roles played by animals in past human cultures. Incisive chapters written by leading scholars in the field incorporate case studies from across five continents, from Iceland to New Zealand and from Japan to Egypt and Ecuador, providing a sense of the dynamism of the discipline, the many approaches and methods adopted by different schools and traditions, and an idea of the huge range of interactions that have occurred between people and animals throughout the world and its history. Adaptations of human-animal relationships in environments as varied as the Arctic, temperate forests, deserts, the tropics, and the sea are discussed, while studies of hunter-gatherers, farmers, herders, fishermen, and even traders and urban dwellers highlight the importance that animals have had in all forms of human societies. With an introduction that clearly contextualizes the current practice of zooarchaeology in relation to both its history and the challenges and opportunities that can be expected for the future, and a methodological glossary illuminating the way in which zooarchaeologists approach the study of their material, this Handbook will be invaluable not only for specialists in the field, but for anybody who has an interest in our past and the role that animals have played in forging it.
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The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Ritual and Religion

Author: Timothy Insoll

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019923244X

Category: Religion

Page: 1108

View: 8026

A comprehensive overview, by period and region, of the archaeology of ritual and religion. The coverage is global, and extends from the earliest prehistory to modern times. Written by over sixty renowned specialists, the Handbook presents the very best in current scholarship, and will also stimulate further research.
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The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

Author: Barbara Mills,Severin Fowles

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190697466

Category: Social Science

Page: 888

View: 7371

The American Southwest is one of the most important archaeological regions in the world, with many of the best-studied examples of hunter-gatherer and village-based societies. Research has been carried out in the region for well over a century, and during this time the Southwest has repeatedly stood at the forefront of the development of new archaeological methods and theories. Moreover, research in the Southwest has long been a key site of collaboration between archaeologists, ethnographers, historians, linguists, biological anthropologists, and indigenous intellectuals. This volume marks the most ambitious effort to take stock of the empirical evidence, theoretical orientations, and historical reconstructions of the American Southwest. Over seventy top scholars have joined forces to produce an unparalleled survey of state of archaeological knowledge in the region. Themed chapters on particular methods and theories are accompanied by comprehensive overviews of the culture histories of particular archaeological sequences, from the initial Paleoindian occupation, to the rise of a major ritual center in Chaco Canyon, to the onset of the Spanish and American imperial projects. The result is an essential volume for any researcher working in the region as well as any archaeologist looking to take the pulse of contemporary trends in this key research tradition.
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The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Rock Art

Author: Bruno David,Ian J. McNiven

Publisher: Oxford Handbooks

ISBN: 0190607351

Category: Art

Page: 1152

View: 4612

This handbook is currently in development, with individual articles publishing online in advance of print publication. At this time, we cannot add information about unpublished articles in this handbook, however the table of contents will continue to grow as additional articles pass through the review process and are added to the site. Please note that the online publication date for this handbook is the date that the first article in the title was published online. For more information, please read the site FAQs.
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The Oxford Handbook of the Prehistoric Arctic

Author: T. Max Friesen,Owen K. Mason

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199766959

Category: Arctic peoples

Page: 984

View: 584

The North American Arctic was one of the last regions on Earth to be settled by humans, due to its extreme climate, limited range of resources, and remoteness from populated areas. Despite these factors, it holds a complex and lengthy history relating to Inuit, Inupiat, Inuvialuit, Yup'ik and Aleut peoples and their ancestors. The artifacts, dwellings, and food remains of these ancient peoples are remarkably well-preserved due to cold temperatures and permafrost, allowing archaeologists to reconstruct their lifeways with great accuracy. Furthermore, the combination of modern Elders' traditional knowledge with the region's high resolution ethnographic record allows past peoples' lives to be reconstructed to a level simply not possible elsewhere. Combined, these factors yield an archaeological record of global significance--the Arctic provides ideal case studies relating to issues as diverse as the impacts of climate change on human societies, the complex process of interaction between indigenous peoples and Europeans, and the dynamic relationships between environment, economy, social organization, and ideology in hunter-gatherer societies. In the The Oxford Handbook of the Prehistoric Arctic, each arctic cultural tradition is described in detail, with up-to-date coverage of recent interpretations of all aspects of their lifeways. Additional chapters cover broad themes applicable to the full range of arctic cultures, such as trade, stone tool technology, ancient DNA research, and the relationship between archaeology and modern arctic communities. The resulting volume, written by the region's leading researchers, contains by far the most comprehensive coverage of arctic archaeology ever assembled. "
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Factfulness

Wie wir lernen, die Welt so zu sehen, wie sie wirklich ist

Author: Hans Rosling,Anna Rosling Rönnlund,Ola Rosling

Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage

ISBN: 3843717451

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 1979

Es wird alles immer schlimmer, eine schreckliche Nachricht jagt die andere: Die Reichen werden reicher, die Armen ärmer. Es gibt immer mehr Kriege, Gewaltverbrechen, Naturkatastrophen. Viele Menschen tragen solche beängstigenden Bilder im Kopf. Doch sie liegen damit grundfalsch. Unser Gehirn verführt uns zu einer dramatisierenden Weltsicht, die mitnichten der Realität entspricht, wie der geniale Statistiker und Wissenschaftler Hans Rosling erklärt. Wer das Buch gelesen hat, wird • ein sicheres, auf Fakten basierendes Gerüst besitzen, um die Welt so zu sehen, wie sie wirklich ist • die zehn gängigsten Arten von aufgebauschten Geschichten erkennen • bessere Entscheidungen treffen können • wahre Factfulness erreichen – jene offene, neugierige und entspannte Geisteshaltung, in der Sie nur noch Ansichten teilen und Urteile fällen, die auf soliden Fakten basieren
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Handbook of East and Southeast Asian Archaeology

Author: Junko Habu,Peter V. Lape,John W. Olsen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493965212

Category: Social Science

Page: 771

View: 8783

The Handbook of East and Southeast Asian Archaeology focuses on the material culture and lifeways of the peoples of prehistoric and early historic East and Southeast Asia; their origins, behavior and identities as well as their biological, linguistic and cultural differences and commonalities. Emphasis is placed upon the interpretation of material culture to illuminate and explain social processes and relationships as well as behavior, technology, patterns and mechanisms of long-term change and chronology, in addition to the intellectual history of archaeology as a discipline in this diverse region. The Handbook augments archaeologically-focused chapters contributed by regional scholars by providing histories of research and intellectual traditions, and by maintaining a broadly comparative perspective. Archaeologically-derived data are emphasized with text-based documentary information, provided to complement interpretations of material culture. The Handbook is not restricted to art historical or purely descriptive perspectives; its geographical coverage includes the modern nation-states of China, Mongolia, Far Eastern Russia, North and South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines and East Timor.
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Die ältesten Monumente der Menschheit

vor 12.000 Jahren in Anatolien ; [Begleitbuch zur Grossen Landesausstellung Baden Württemberg 2007 "Vor 12.000 Jahren in Anatolien - Die ältesten Monumente der Menschheit" im Landesmuseum Schloss Karlsruhe]

Author: Badisches Landesmuseum Karlsruhe

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Neolithic period

Page: 392

View: 6853

Europa - Epipaläolithikum.
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Handbook of Archaeological Theories

Author: R. Alexander Bentley,Herbert D. G. Maschner,Christopher Chippindale

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780759100336

Category: Social Science

Page: 590

View: 7107

This handbook, a companion to the authoritative Handbook of Archaeological Methods, gathers original, authoritative articles from leading archaeologists on all aspects of the latest thinking about archaeological theory. It is the definitive resource for understanding how to think about archaeology.
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Götter aus Ton

Das Neolithikum und die Kupferzeit un Ungarn

Author: Nándor Kalicz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Neolithic period

Page: 90

View: 9484

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Der Zahlensinn oder Warum wir rechnen können

Author: Stanislas Dehaene

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034878257

Category: Science

Page: 311

View: 8645

Wir sind umgeben von Zahlen. Ob auf Kreditkarten gestanzt oder auf Münzen geprägt, ob auf Schecks gedruckt oder in den Spalten computerisierter Tabellen aufgelistet, überall beherrschen Zahlen unser Leben. Sie sind auch der Kern unserer Technologie. Ohne Zahlen könnten wir weder Raketen starten, die das Sonnensystem erkunden, noch Brücken bauen, Güter austauschen oder Rech nungen bezahlen. In gewissem Sinn sind Zahlen also kulturelle Erfindungen, die sich ihrer Bedeutung nach nur mit der Landwirtschaft oder mit dem Rad vergleichen lassen. Aber sie könnten sogar noch tiefere Wurzeln haben. Tausende von Jahren vor Christus benutzten babylonische Wissenschaftler Zahlzeichen, um erstaun lich genaueastronomische Tabellen zu berechnen. Zehntausende von Jahren zuvor hatten Menschen der Steinzeit die ersten geschriebenen Zahlenreihen geschaffen, indem sie Knochen einkerbten oder Punkte auf Höhlenwände malten. Und, wie ich später überzeugend darzustellen hoffe, schon vor weiteren Millionen von Jahren, lange bevor es Menschen gab, nahmen Tiere aller Arten Zahlen zur Kenntnis und stellten mit ihnen einfache Kopfrechnungen an. Sind Zahlen also fast so alt wie das Leben selbst? Sind sie in der Struktur unseres Gehirns verankert? Besitzen wir einen Zahlensinn, eine spezielle Intuition, die uns hilft, Zahlen und Mathematik mit Sinn zu erfüllen? Ich wurde vor fünfzehn Jahren, während meiner Ausbildung zum Mathema tiker, fasziniert von den abstrakten Objekten, mit denen ich umzugehen lernte, vor allem von den einfachsten von ihnen- den Zahlen.
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Die Entdeckung der Vergangenheit

Ursprünge und Abenteuer der Archäologie

Author: Alain Schnapp

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 9783608933598

Category:

Page: 424

View: 6227

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Der Mensch und seine Haustiere.

Die Geschichte einer jahrtausendealten Beziehung.

Author: Norbert Benecke

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Domestic animals

Page: 470

View: 964

Archäozoologie - Handbuch/übergreifende Darstellung.
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Ein Sommer in Brandham Hall

Author: Leslie Poles Hartley,L. P. Hartley

Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage

ISBN: 3961610630

Category: Fiction

Page: 400

View: 3719

»Seit ich diesen Roman als Teenager zum ersten Mal las, begleitet mich die Atmosphäre der Sehnsucht nach vergangenen Zeiten und kindlicher Unschuld.« Ian McEwan Einer der schönsten englischen Romane des 20. Jahrhunderts Erstmals in adäquater Übersetzung »Aufwühlend und magisch.« The Independent Die Vergangenheit ist ein fremdes Land. Leo Colston ist ein Mann fortgeschrittenen Alters, als er in einem alten roten Karton auf sein Jugendtagebuch stößt. »Tagebuch für das Jahr 1900« steht darauf, und dieser Fund lässt Leo Colston in Gedanken zurückgehen in jenen Sommer 1900, als er dreizehn war: Während der Ferien auf dem Landgut der Eltern seines Schulfreundes wird Leo zum Überbringer heimlicher Liebesbotschaften zwischen Ted, dem Pächter, und Marian, der schönen Tochter des Schlossherrn, deren Verlobung mit Lord Trimingham kurz bevorsteht. Gegen seinen Willen zieht es Leo immer tiefer in den Strudel des gefährlichen Spiels von Verlangen und Verrat, von versprochener und verbotener Liebe, und schließlich steht er vor der ersten großen Gewissensentscheidung seines jungen Lebens. Ein Sommer in Brandham Hall ist ein raffiniert konstruierter Roman über die Strapazen des Erwachsenwerdens und die Gefühlswirren der Jugend, eine fein beobachtete Gesellschaftsanalyse und eine wunderbare Liebesgeschichte. »Ein vollkommenes Kunstwerk.« The Times »Ein Meisterwerk über verlorene Unschuld, Scheinheiligkeit und britische Wesensart.« The Guardian »Schon beim ersten Lesen ist Ein Sommer in Brandham Hall die gekonnt erzählte Geschichte eines heranwachsenden Jungen und dessen verlorener Unschuld. Doch das Wissen um eine immer näher rückende, unaufhaltbare Tragödie macht sie beim zweiten Lesen noch ergreifender.« Express »Wie sein literarischer Vorfahr Henry James spürt Hartley mit verblüffender Genauigkeit den Feinheiten moralischer Sittlichkeit nach und richtet sein Augenmerk dabei auf Figuren wie Leo, den Erzähler in Ein Sommer in Brandham Hall, der gefangen ist in einem Konflikt zwischen seinen Trieben und den gesellschaftlichen Konventionen, denen er sich zu beugen hat.« The New York Times
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The great transformation

politische und ökonomische Ursprünge von Gesellschaften und Wirtschaftssystemen

Author: Karl Polanyi

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Economic history

Page: 378

View: 6332

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