The Mind of the Mathematician

Author: Michael Fitzgerald,Ioan James

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801885877

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 181

View: 1420

Internationally famous mathematician Ioan James and accomplished psychiatrist Michael Fitzgerald look at the complex world of mathematics and the mind. They discuss mathematics and the arts, savants, gender and mathematical ability, and the impact of autism, personality disorders, and mood disorders.

(K)ein Gespür für Zahlen

So bekommt man den Durchblick in Mathe

Author: Barbara Oakley

Publisher: MVG Verlag

ISBN: 3864157811

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 5340

Mathematik versteht man oder eben nicht. Der eine ist dafür natürlich begabt, dem anderen bleibt dieses Fach für immer ein Rätsel. Stimmt nicht, sagt nun Barbara Oakley und zeigt mit ihrem Buch, dass wirklich jeder ein Gespür für Zahlen hat. Mathematik braucht nämlich nicht nur analytisches Denken, sondern auch den kreativen Geist. Denn noch mehr als um Formeln geht es um die Freiheit, einen der vielen möglichen Lösungsansätze zu finden. Der Weg ist das Ziel. Und wie man zum richtigen Ergebnis kommt, ist eine Kunst, die man entwickeln, entdecken und in sich wecken kann. Die Autorin vermittelt eine Vielfalt an Techniken und Werkzeugen, die das Verständnis von Mathematik und Naturwissenschaft grundlegend verbessern. (K)ein Gespür für Zahlen nimmt Ihnen — vor allem wenn Sie sich in Schule, Uni oder Beruf mathematisch oder naturwissenschaftlich beweisen müssen — nicht nur die Grundangst, sondern stärkt Ihren Mut, Ihren mathematischen Fähigkeiten zu vertrauen. So macht Mathe Spaß!

Great Circle of Mysteries

Mathematics, the World, the Mind

Author: Misha Gromov

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3319530496

Category: Mathematics

Page: 202

View: 7650

This visionary and engaging book provides a mathematical perspective on the fundamental ideas of numbers, space, life, evolution, the brain and the mind. The author suggests how a development of mathematical concepts in the spirit of category theory may lead to unravelling the mystery of the human mind and the design of universal learning algorithms. The book is divided into two parts, the first of which describes the ideas of great mathematicians and scientists, those who saw sparks of light in the dark sea of unknown. The second part, Memorandum Ergo, reflects on how mathematics can contribute to the understanding of the mystery of thought. It argues that the core of the human mind is a structurally elaborated object that needs a creation of a broad mathematical context for its understanding. Readers will discover the main properties of the expected mathematical objects within this context, called ERGO-SYSTEMS, and readers will see how these “systems” may serve as prototypes for design of universal learning computer programs. This is a work of great, poetical insight and is richly illustrated. It is a highly attractive read for all those who welcome a mathematical and scientific way of thinking about the world.

Infinity and the Mind

The Science and Philosophy of the Infinite

Author: Rudy Rucker

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400849047

Category: Mathematics

Page: 368

View: 2973

In Infinity and the Mind, Rudy Rucker leads an excursion to that stretch of the universe he calls the "Mindscape," where he explores infinity in all its forms: potential and actual, mathematical and physical, theological and mundane. Rucker acquaints us with Gödel's rotating universe, in which it is theoretically possible to travel into the past, and explains an interpretation of quantum mechanics in which billions of parallel worlds are produced every microsecond. It is in the realm of infinity, he maintains, that mathematics, science, and logic merge with the fantastic. By closely examining the paradoxes that arise from this merging, we can learn a great deal about the human mind, its powers, and its limitations. Using cartoons, puzzles, and quotations to enliven his text, Rucker guides us through such topics as the paradoxes of set theory, the possibilities of physical infinities, and the results of Gödel's incompleteness theorems. His personal encounters with Gödel the mathematician and philosopher provide a rare glimpse at genius and reveal what very few mathematicians have dared to admit: the transcendent implications of Platonic realism.

Shadows of the Mind

A Search for the Missing Science of Consciousness

Author: Roger Penrose

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195106466

Category: Computers

Page: 457

View: 1791

Presenting a look at the human mind's capacity while criticizing artificial intelligence, the author makes suggestions about classical and quantum physics and the role of microtubules

The Number Sense : How the Mind Creates Mathematics

How the Mind Creates Mathematics

Author: Stanislas Dehaene Research Affiliate Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199723095

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 4820

Our understanding of how the human brain performs mathematical calculations is far from complete. But in recent years there have been many exciting scientific discoveries, some aided by new imaging techniques--which allow us for the first time to watch the living mind at work--and others by ingenious experiments conducted by researchers all over the world. There are still perplexing mysteries--how, for instance, do idiot savants perform almost miraculous mathematical feats?--but the picture is growing steadily clearer. In The Number Sense, Stanislas Dehaene offers general readers a first look at these recent stunning discoveries, in an enlightening exploration of the mathematical mind. Dehaene, a mathematician turned cognitive neuropsychologist, begins with the eye-opening discovery that animals--including rats, pigeons, raccoons, and chimpanzees--can perform simple mathematical calculations, and he describes ingenious experiments that show that human infants also have a rudimentary number sense (American scientist Karen Wynn, for instance, using just a few Mickey Mouse toys and a small puppet theater, proved that five-month-old infants already have the ability to add and subtract). Further, Dehaene suggests that this rudimentary number sense is as basic to the way the brain understands the world as our perception of color or of objects in space, and, like these other abilities, our number sense is wired into the brain. But how then did the brain leap from this basic number ability to trigonometry, calculus, and beyond? Dehaene shows that it was the invention of symbolic systems of numerals that started us on the climb to higher mathematics, and in a marvelous chapter he traces the history of numbers, from early times when people indicated a number by pointing to a part of their body (even today, in many societies in New Guinea, the word for six is "wrist"), to early abstract numbers such as Roman numerals (chosen for the ease with which they could be carved into wooden sticks), to modern numbers. On our way, we also discover many fascinating facts: for example, because Chinese names for numbers are so short, Chinese people can remember up to nine or ten digits at a time--English-speaking people can only remember seven. Dehaene also explores the unique abilities of idiot savants and mathematical geniuses, asking what might explain their special mathematical talent. And we meet people whose minute brain lesions render their mathematical ability useless--one man, in fact, who is certain that two and two is three. Using modern imaging techniques (PET scans and MRI), Dehaene reveals exactly where in the brain numerical calculation takes place. But perhaps most important, The Number Sense reaches many provocative conclusions that will intrigue anyone interested in mathematics or the mind. Dehaene argues, for instance, that many of the difficulties that children face when learning math, and which may turn into a full-blown adult "innumeracy," stem from the architecture of our primate brain, which has not evolved for the purpose of doing mathematics. He also shows why the human brain does not work like a computer, and that the physical world is not based on mathematics--rather, mathematics evolved to explain the physical world the way that the eye evolved to provide sight. A truly fascinating look at the crossroads where numbers and neurons intersect, The Number Sense offers an intriguing tour of how the structure of the brain shapes our mathematical abilities, and how our mathematics opens up a window on the human mind.

Musings of the Masters

An Anthology of Mathematical Reflections

Author: Raymond Ayoub

Publisher: MAA

ISBN: 9780883855492

Category: Mathematics

Page: 277

View: 1857

The anthology is a collection of articles written by renowned mathematicians of the twentieth century. The articles span roughly a century in time and a wide range in subject. They are by mathematicians acknowledged by their peers as outstanding creators whose work has added richly to the discipline.

The Mathematician's Mind

The Psychology of Invention in the Mathematical Field

Author: Jacques Hadamard

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691029313

Category: Mathematics

Page: 143

View: 1833

Fifty years ago when Jacques Hadamard set out to explore how mathematicians invent new ideas, he considered the creative experiences of some of the greatest thinkers of his generation, such as George Polya, Claude Lévi-Strauss, and Albert Einstein. It appeared that inspiration could strike anytime, particularly after an individual had worked hard on a problem for days and then turned attention to another activity. In exploring this phenomenon, Hadamard produced one of the most famous and cogent cases for the existence of unconscious mental processes in mathematical invention and other forms of creativity. Written before the explosion of research in computers and cognitive science, his book, originally titled The Psychology of Invention in the Mathematical Field, remains an important tool for exploring the increasingly complex problem of mental life. The roots of creativity for Hadamard lie not in consciousness, but in the long unconscious work of incubation, and in the unconscious aesthetic selection of ideas that thereby pass into consciousness. His discussion of this process comprises a wide range of topics, including the use of mental images or symbols, visualized or auditory words, "meaningless" words, logic, and intuition. Among the important documents collected is a letter from Albert Einstein analyzing his own mechanism of thought.

The Oxford Book of Children's Verse in America

Author: Donald Hall

Publisher: Oxford Books of Verse

ISBN: 0195067614

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 319

View: 4134

A collection of American poems written for children or traditionally enjoyed by children, by such authors as Longfellow, Poe, Eugene Field, Langston Hughes, Dr. Seuss, and Jack Prelutsky.

Universe of the Mind

A Semiotic Theory of Culture

Author: Yuri M. Lotman

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781850433750

Category: Culture

Page: 288

View: 4983

This work is the author's seminal text in cultural semiotics. It lays out the theoretical structure upon which all his work is built, for another generation of readers engaged with critical theory and cultural studies, with philosophy and historiography. It is a full-scale undertaking to show the workings of the semiotic space in which human society as a whole functions, and in which the individual is caught up.

Dance: The Motion of Math, Music, and Mind

Author: Matthew He

Publisher: Author House

ISBN: 1496964799

Category: Poetry

Page: 88

View: 9043

Dance is not only body movement; Dance is the motion of life. It connects to body motion, heart emotion, mind expression, and soul reflection through a sequence of mathematical forms and shapes. Over the years our society has considered dance and mathematics to be near polar opposites. The two seem to have nothing in common. And yet upon close investigation and exploration the many connections and similarities reveal themselves. This unique collection of dance poems provides an entry to our understanding of the interplays among math, music, motion, and mind. It contains 55 original dance poems/verses on the motions of life, language of body and culture identity, artistry in motion, science of movement, and variations of dances.

What's Happening in the Mathematical Sciences

Author: Dana Mackenzie

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821885970

Category: Mathematics

Page: 127

View: 3499

A new twist in knot theory -- Error-term roulette and the Sato-Tate conjecture -- The fifty-one percent solution -- Dominos, anyone? -- No seeing is believing -- Getting with the (Mori) program -- The book that time couldn't erase -- Charting a 248-dimensional world -- Compressed sensing makes every pixel count.

Postmodern Philosophy and the Scientific Turn

Author: Dorothea E. Olkowski

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253001145

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 4044

A groundbreaking, interdisciplinary approach to the study of consciousness: “Beautifully written, engaging throughout, and captivating” (Claire Colebrook, The Pennsylvania State University). What can come of a scientific engagement with postmodern philosophy? Some scientists have claimed that the social sciences and humanities have nothing to contribute, except perhaps peripherally, to their research. Dorothea E. Olkowski shows that mathematics itself—the historic link between science and philosophy—plays a fundamental role in the development of the worldviews that drive both fields. Focusing on language, its usage and expression of worldview, she develops a phenomenological account of human thought and action to explicate the role of philosophy in the sciences. Olkowski proposes a model of phenomenology, both scientific and philosophical, that helps make sense of reality and composes an ethics for dealing with unpredictability in our world.

The Development of Mathematics

Author: E. T. Bell

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486152286

Category: Mathematics

Page: 656

View: 2464

Time-honored study by a prominent scholar of mathematics traces decisive epochs from the evolution of mathematical ideas in ancient Egypt and Babylonia to major breakthroughs in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1945 edition.

Mathematical Intuitionism and Intersubjectivity

A Critical Exposition of Arguments for Intuitionism

Author: Tomasz Placek

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401593159

Category: Science

Page: 220

View: 2323

In 1907 Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer defended his doctoral dissertation on the foundations of mathematics and with this event the modem version of mathematical intuitionism came into being. Brouwer attacked the main currents of the philosophy of mathematics: the formalists and the Platonists. In tum, both these schools began viewing intuitionism as the most harmful party among all known philosophies of mathematics. That was the origin of the now-90-year-old debate over intuitionism. As both sides have appealed in their arguments to philosophical propositions, the discussions have attracted the attention of philosophers as well. One might ask here what role a philosopher can play in controversies over mathematical intuitionism. Can he reasonably enter into disputes among mathematicians? I believe that these disputes call for intervention by a philo sopher. The three best-known arguments for intuitionism, those of Brouwer, Heyting and Dummett, are based on ontological and epistemological claims, or appeal to theses that properly belong to a theory of meaning. Those lines of argument should be investigated in order to find what their assumptions are, whether intuitionistic consequences really follow from those assumptions, and finally, whether the premises are sound and not absurd. The intention of this book is thus to consider seriously the arguments of mathematicians, even if philosophy was not their main field of interest. There is little sense in disputing whether what mathematicians said about the objectivity and reality of mathematical facts belongs to philosophy, or not.

Advanced Mathematical Thinking

Author: David Tall

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306472031

Category: Education

Page: 292

View: 4221

This book is the first major study of advanced mathematical thinking as performed by mathematicians and taught to students in senior high school and university. Topics covered include the psychology of advanced mathematical thinking, the processes involved, mathematical creativity, proof, the role of definitions, symbols, and reflective abstraction. It is highly appropriate for the college professor in mathematics or the general mathematics educator.

The Collected Mathematical Papers of James Joseph Sylvester:

Author: James Joseph Sylvester,H. F. Baker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107683297

Category: Mathematics

Page: 748

View: 2747

James Joseph Sylvester (1814-97) was an English mathematician who made key contributions to numerous areas of his field and was also of primary importance in the development of American mathematics, both as inaugural Professor of Mathematics at Johns Hopkins University and founder of the American Journal of Mathematics. Originally published in 1908, this book forms the second in four volumes of Sylvester's mathematical papers, covering the period from 1854 to 1873. Together these volumes provide a comprehensive resource that will be of value to anyone with an interest in Sylvester's theories and the history of mathematics.

Of Two Minds

The Nature of Inquiry

Author: James Blachowicz

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791436424

Category: Philosophy

Page: 434

View: 1751

The logic of correction developed here directly opposes the claim made by evolutionary epistemologists such as Popper and Campbell that there is no such thing as a "logical method for having new ideas." The author argues that beyond scientific discovery, the same logic can be found in the more intimate form of inquiry we conduct as we attempt to articulate meanings for ourselves.