The Microbes Fight Back

Antibiotic Resistance

Author: Laura Bowater

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782621679

Category:

Page: 289

View: 4737

Antibiotics are familiar drugs to us all, so familiar that we may take them for granted. They allow us to survive life-threatening infections, and allow us to protect the animals we farm for food. Many antibiotics have now become ineffective against common diseases, and there are few alternative treatments to replace them. In this topical book, Laura Bowater, Professor of Microbiology Education and Engagement at Norwich Medical School, considers the past, present and uncertain future of antibiotics. This book begins by looking back at how infectious diseases, such as smallpox and The Plague, were able to wreak havoc on populations before the discovery of the first antibiotics. These then revolutionised the medical world. In an engaging and accessible style, Professor Bowater takes the reader through how antibiotics are made, how bacteria are able to mutate and develop resistance and she explains why there is now a lack of new antibiotic drugs coming to market. What will a future of continued antibiotic resistance look like? How can human activities prevent the rise of ‘superbugs'? Professor Bowater highlights the need for universal cooperation in order to tackle this global health challenge, which, if not addressed, could transport us back to the medical dark ages.
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The Microbial Challenge

Science, Disease, and Public Heatlh

Author: Professor Emeritus (Late Of) Providence College Robert I Krasner,Robert I. Krasner

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 0763797359

Category: Science

Page: 476

View: 2100

Whether we realize it or not, microbes play an ever-present role in our daily lives. Foodborne infections, epidemics, and pandemics are frequently headline news. The Microbial Challenge: Science, Disease, and Public Health, Second Edition, presents a fascinating look at human-microbe interactions and examines the disease producers while discussing how, with knowledge-based preparation, we can live in harmony with microbes. It also discusses the ways in which beneficial microbes are involved in the cycles of nature and in the food industry, and how they are used as research tools. Ideal for undergraduate non-science majors and allied and public health students, this unique text is a hybrid of microbiology and public health and includes material on prions, helminths (worms), biological warfare and terrorism, antibiotic resistance, the global impact of microbial diseases, and immunization. The text helps students better understand the biology of the microbial world and the societal factors that are both the cause and consequences of microbial disease. With up-to-date content, current information on health organizations, including the CDC and WHO, and a new chapter on bacterial genetics, The Microbial Challenge provides a gripping account of the burden of microbial diseases throughout the world.
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The Microbial Challenge

Science, Disease and Public Health

Author: Robert Krasner

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763756895

Category: Medical

Page: 476

View: 7063

Whether we realize it or not, microbes play an ever-present role in our daily lives. Foodborne infections, epidemics, and pandemics are frequently headline news. The Microbial Challenge: Science, Disease, and Public Health, Second Edition, presents a fascinating look at human-microbe interactions and examines the disease producers while discussing how, with knowledge-based preparation, we can live in harmony with microbes. It also discusses the ways in which beneficial microbes are involved in the cycles of nature and in the food industry, and how they are used as research tools. Ideal for undergraduate non-science majors and allied and public health students, this unique text is a hybrid of microbiology and public health and includes material on prions, helminths (worms), biological warfare and terrorism, antibiotic resistance, the global impact of microbial diseases, and immunization. The text helps students better understand the biology of the microbial world and the societal factors that are both the cause and consequences of microbial disease. With up-to-date content, current information on health organizations, including the CDC and WHO, and a new chapter on bacterial genetics, The Microbial Challenge provides a gripping account of the burden of microbial diseases throughout the world.
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One Hundred Patents That Shaped the Modern World

Author: David Segal

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192571141

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 256

View: 9965

What would our world today be like without inventions like tarmac, aspirin, liquid crystals, and barbed wire? This guide shows how patents and the inventions they describe have shaped the 21st century. It gives us insights into the inventions, big and small, that have had huge impacts, many unexpected, on multiple spheres of our lives, from popular culture and entertainment, to global health, to transportation, to the waging of war. It features patent documents that date from the mid-19th century to the present. Patent documents describe inventions and represent an accurate and rich source of information about the history and current state of modern technology, as patents are examined and their accuracy can be challenged. The subject matter covers many technical areas. Patents discussed include, for example, Morse code, the diode, triode, transistors, television, frozen foods, ring-pull for soft drink cans, board games such as Monopoly, gene editing, metamaterials, MRI, computerised tomography, insulin, and monoclonal antibodies such as Herceptin. The text is illustrated with drawings adapted from the original patent documents. Patent numbers are included to allow interested readers to trace the documents. Inventions described in the patents are placed in historical perspective. For example, the book discusses the role of the cavity magnetron and radar in World War II, and the influence of the diode on the development of broadcasting at the beginning of the 20th century.
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Naturgeschichte der Infektionskrankheiten des Menschen

Author: Frank Macfarlane Burnet

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3105614095

Category: Reference

Page: 396

View: 8477

Der Nobelpreisträger Frank Macfarlane Burnet schildert die Infektionskrankheiten als ein Schlüsselthema der Conditio humana. Er zeigt, wie sich in dem die Erkrankung auslösenden Kampf zwischen Erreger und Opferorganismus Grundprozesse des Lebens, Wachstum und Tod, enthüllen. Das Buch gibt Einblick in den chemischen Bauplan der Erreger, schildert anschaulich die Angriffs- und Abwehrstrategien, die komplizierten ökologischen Beziehungen des Menschen zu den Organismen seiner Umwelt. Indem es die schrittweise Eindämmung großer Seuchen, die jahrtausendelang die Menschheit dezimiert haben, nacherzählt, aber auch die Negativfolgen dieses Fortschritts – die Gefahr der Übervölkerung und die Entwicklung biologischer Massenvernichtungsmittel – eindringlich beim Namen nennt, ist das Buch gleichzeitig ein fesselndes Stück Evolutions-, Wissenschafts- und Kulturgeschichte. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)
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1918 - Die Welt im Fieber

Wie die Spanische Grippe die Gesellschaft veränderte

Author: Laura Spinney

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446259589

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 6847

Der Erste Weltkrieg geht zu Ende, und eine weitere Katastrophe fordert viele Millionen Tote: die Spanische Grippe. Binnen weniger Wochen erkrankt ein Drittel der Weltbevölkerung. Trotzdem sind die Auswirkungen auf Gesellschaft, Politik und Kultur weitgehend unbekannt. Ob in Europa, Asien oder Afrika, an vielen Orten brachte die Grippe die Machtverhältnisse ins Wanken, womöglich beeinflusste sie die Verhandlung des Versailler Vertrags und verursachte Modernisierungsbewegungen. Anhand von Schicksalen auf der ganzen Welt öffnet Laura Spinney das Panorama dieser Epoche. Sie füllt eine klaffende Lücke in der Geschichtsschreibung und erlaubt einen völlig neuen Blick auf das Schicksalsjahr 1918.
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Antibiotika-Overkill

So entstehen die modernen Seuchen

Author: Martin Blaser

Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH

ISBN: 3451811049

Category: Self-Help

Page: 352

View: 7446

Wir Menschen werden von zehntausenden Bakterien besiedelt. Vor allem in unserem Verdauungstrakt spielen diese Kleinstlebewesen, mit denen wir seit vielen Jahrtausenden in einer heilbringenden Symbiose leben, eine entscheidende Rolle für unser Wohlbefinden und unsere Gesundheit. Aber das fein austarierte Gleichgewicht in dem sogenannten Mikrobiom gerät seit einigen Jahrzehnten ins Wanken - paradoxerweise durch den übermäßigen und falschen Gebrauch eines unserer wirkungsvollsten Medikamente. Die These des Autors: Durch den falschen und übermäßigen Gebrauch von Antibiotika, aber auch durch zu viele Kaiserschnittgeburten ist es zu einem fatalen Artensterben in unserem Mikrobiom gekommen - was wiederum zur massiven Zunahme der modernen Zivilisationskrankheiten Diabetes, Übergewicht, Asthma und Nahrungsmittelallergien geführt hat. Der Autor ist Professor an der NYU und einer der weltweit führenden Experten zum Thema. Seine aufrüttelnden Thesen haben weltweit für Aufsehen gesorgt.
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Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria

Author: Patrick Guilfoile,I. Edward Alcamo

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438101325

Category: Medical

Page: 128

View: 3614

This continuing series explores different diseases to show the science behind how disease-causing organisms affect the body. Microorganisms have plagued humans since the beginning of time, causing debilitating diseases and even death. But how, exactly, do these microorganisms infect and cause disease? The books in this series examine various microbiological scourges that have affected humans as well as the steps that have been taken to identify, isolate, prevent, and eradicate them. Each title will outline the history and treatments of the diseases, highlighting how improvements in prevention and treatment techniques have affected the disease's impact on the world population.
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Mythos Diät

Was wir wirklich über gesunde Ernährung wissen

Author: Tim Spector

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783827013132

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 416

View: 1382

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Brock Mikrobiologie

Author: Michael T. Madigan,Thomas D. Brock,John M. Martinko,David P. Clark,David A. Stahl

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783868941449

Category: Microbiology

Page: 1680

View: 2625

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Allgemeine Mikrobiologie

Author: Georg Fuchs

Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag

ISBN: 3132418870

Category: Science

Page: 752

View: 8245

Das Standardwerk der Mikrobiologie – aktuell und umfassend Hier erfährst du alles, was du im Biologiestudium über Mikrobiologie wissen musst: - die verschiedenen Mikroorganismen im Überblick - allgemeiner Zellstoffwechsel mit Biosynthesen und Abbau organischer Verbindungen - unterschiedliche Stoffwechselleistungen der verschiedenen Mikroorganismen - Genetik und Molekularbiologie - Ökologie, Symbiose, Antagonismus - Systematik der Mikroorganismen, mit Vernetzung zum Stoffwechselkapitel - Biogeochemie und marine Mikrobiologie - Einführung in die medizinische Mikrobiologie und Infektionskrankheiten - Biotechnologie, inkl. Informationen zu Fermentationstechnik und Lebensmittelbiologie - Anhang mit den wichtigsten thermodynamischen Grundlagen des Stoffwechsels - Vokabularium mit den wichtigsten ins Deutsche übersetzten Fachausdrücken Großes Format, übersichtliches Layout, bewährtes didaktisches Konzept: - viele Bilder und Grafiken, komplett farbig - klar formulierter Haupttext - spannend und verständlich geschrieben - verschiedenfarbige Boxen mit vertiefendem Wissen und Methoden Jederzeit zugreifen: Der Inhalt des Buches steht Ihnen ohne weitere Kosten digital in der Wissensplattform eRef zur Verfügung (Zugangscode im Buch). Mit der kostenlosen eRef App haben Sie zahlreiche Inhalte auch offline immer griffbereit.
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Managing Biotechnology in Drug Development

Author: Chi-Jen Lee

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 6712

Improve your understanding of biotechnology's impact on drug development, production, and regulation with Managing Biotechnology in Drug Development. This informative book unravels the complex workings of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's regulatory processes for drugs and biological products, including vaccines and recombinant DNA-derived products. It initially reviews the important role of biotechnology in medicine and the pharmaceutical industry. It then discusses the development of drugs and biologics from a regulatory perspective, spotlights biotechnology management strategies, and examines biotechnology product development by research institutes and the pharmaceutical industry. The book concludes with an insightful exploration of biotechnology's exciting future.
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Streptomyces in Nature and Medicine

The Antibiotic Makers

Author: David A. Hopwood

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199722280

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 1839

This is an insiders account of 50 years of genetic studies of the soil-inhabiting microbes that produce most of the antibiotics used to treat infections, as well as anti-cancer, anti-parasitic and immunosuppressant drugs. The book begins by describing how these microbes the actinomycetes were discovered in the latter part of the nineteenth century, but remained a Cinderella group until, in the 1940s, they shot to prominence with the discovery of streptomycin, the first effective treatment for tuberculosis and only the second antibiotic, after penicillin, to become a medical marvel. There followed a massive effort over several decades to find further treatments for infectious diseases and cancer, tempered by the rise of antibiotic resistance consequent on antibiotic misuse and over-use. The book goes on to describe the discovery of gene exchange in the actinomycetes in the context of the rise of microbial genetics in the mid-20th century, leading to determination of the complete DNA sequence of a model member of the group at the turn of the millennium. There follow chapters in which the intricate molecular machinery that adapts the organisms metabolism and development to life in the soil, including antibiotic production, is illuminated by the DNA blueprint. Then come an up-to-the minute account of the use of genetic engineering to make novel, hybrid, antibiotics, and a topical description of techniques to learn the roles of the thousands of genes in a genome sequence, throwing a powerful light on the biology of the organisms and their harnessing for increasing antibiotic productivity. In the final chapter we return to the mycobacteria that cause tuberculosis and leprosy, the first actinomycetes to be discovered, and how methodology, in part derived from the study of the streptomycetes, is being applied to understand and control these still deadly pathogens.
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Die Kunst des Fermentierens

Eine tiefgreifende Erforschung grundlegender Konzepte und Prozesse aus aller Welt

Author: Sandor Ellix Katz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783864452376

Category:

Page: 621

View: 6246

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Rückkehr nach Missing

Roman

Author: Abraham Verghese,Silvia Morawetz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783458357001

Category:

Page: 839

View: 7711

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