The Martinsville Seven

Race, Rape, and Capital Punishment

Author: Eric W. Rise

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 9780813918303

Category: Law

Page: 216

View: 4908

This book offers the first comprehensive treatment of the case of the Martinsville Seven, a group of young black men executed in 1951 for the rape of a white woman in Martinsville, Virginia. Covering every aspect of the proceedings from the commission of the crime through two appeals, Eric W. Rise reexamines common assumptions about the administration of justice in the South. Although the defendants confessed to the crime, racial prejudice undeniably contributed to their eventual executions. Rise highlights the efforts of the attorneys who, rather than focusing on procedural errors, directly attacked the discriminatory application of the death penalty. The Martinsville Seven case was the first instance in which statistical evidence was used to prove systematic discrimination against blacks in capital cases.
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Judicial Independence in the Age of Democracy

Critical Perspectives from Around the World

Author: Peter H. Russell,David M. O'Brien

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 9780813920153

Category: Law

Page: 325

View: 3847

This collection of essays by leading scholars of constitutional law looks at a critical component of constitutional democracy--judicial independence--from an international comparative perspective. Peter H. Russell's introduction outlines a general theory of judicial independence, while the contributors analyze a variety of regimes from the United States and Latin America to Russia and Eastern Europe, Western Europe and the United Kingdom, Australia, Israel, Japan, and South Africa. Russell's conclusion compares these various regimes in light of his own analytical framework.
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Battle over the Bench

Senators, Interest Groups, and Lower Court Confirmations

Author: Amy Steigerwalt

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 0813929989

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 5208

Who gets seated on the lower federal courts and why? Why are some nominees confirmed easily while others travel a long, hard road to confirmation? What role do senators and interest groups play in determining who will become a federal judge? The lower federal courts have increasingly become the final arbiters of the important political and social issues of the day. As a result, who gets seated on the bench has become a major political issue. In Battle over the Bench, Amy Steigerwalt argues that the key to understanding the dynamics of the lower court confirmation process is to examine the process itself. She offers a new analytic framework for understanding when nominations become contested, and shows when and how key actors can influence the fate of nominations and ultimately determine who will become a federal judge. Given the increasing salience of lower court decisions, it is not surprising that interest groups and partisan agendas play an important role. Steigerwalt inventories the means by which senators push through or block nominations, and why interest groups decide to support or oppose certain nominations. The politics of judicial confirmations do not end there, however. Steigerwalt also reveals how many nominees are blocked for private political reasons that have nothing to do with ideology, while senators may use their support for or opposition to nominees as bargaining chips to garner votes for their positions on unrelated issues. Battle over the Bench showcases the complex and, at times, hidden motivations driving the staffing of the federal bench.
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Answering the Call of the Court

How Justices and Litigants Set the Supreme Court Agenda

Author: Vanessa A. Baird

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 0813930448

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 814

The U.S. Supreme Court is the quintessential example of a court that expanded its agenda into policy areas that were once reserved for legislatures. Yet scholars know very little about what causes attention to various policy areas to ebb and flow on the Supreme Court’s agenda. Vanessa A. Baird’s Answering the Call of the Court: How Justices and Litigants Set the Supreme Court Agenda represents the first scholarly attempt to connect justices’ priorities, litigants’ strategies, and aggregate policy outputs of the U.S. Supreme Court. Most previous studies on the Supreme Court’s agenda examine case selection, but Baird demonstrates that the agenda-setting process begins long before justices choose which cases they will hear. When justices signal their interest in a particular policy area, litigants respond by sponsoring well-crafted cases in those policy areas. Approximately four to five years later, the Supreme Court’s agenda in those areas expands, with cases that are comparatively more politically important and divisive than other cases the Court hears. From issues of discrimination and free expression to welfare policy, from immigration to economic regulation, strategic supporters of litigation pay attention to the goals of Supreme Court justices and bring cases they can use to achieve those goals. Since policy making in courts is iterative, multiple well-crafted cases are needed for courts to make comprehensive policy. Baird argues that judicial policy-making power depends on the actions of policy entrepreneurs or other litigants who systematically respond to the priorities and preferences of Supreme Court justices.
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Law, Politics, and Perception

How Policy Preferences Influence Legal Reasoning

Author: Eileen Braman

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 0813928370

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 9422

Are judges' decisions more likely to be based on personal inclinations or legal authority? The answer, Eileen Braman argues, is both. Law, Politics, and Perception brings cognitive psychology to bear on the question of the relative importance of norms of legal reasoning versus decision markers' policy preferences in legal decision-making. While Braman acknowledges that decision makers' attitudes—or, more precisely, their preference for policy outcomes—can play a significant role in judicial decisions, she also believes that decision-makers' belief that they must abide by accepted rules of legal analysis significantly limits the role of preferences in their judgements. To reconcile these competing factors, Braman posits that judges engage in "motivated reasoning," a biased process in which decision-makers are unconsciously predisposed to find legal authority that is consistent with their own preferences more convincing than those that go against them. But Braman also provides evidence that the scope of motivated reasoning is limited. Objective case facts and accepted norms of legal reasoning can often inhibit decision makers' ability to reach conclusions consistent with their preferences.
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Program

Annual Meeting

Author: Organization of American Historians,Organization of American Historians. Meeting

Publisher: The Organization

ISBN: N.A

Category: Historians

Page: N.A

View: 5359

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Thomas Jefferson

Westward the Course of Empire

Author: Lawrence S. Kaplan

Publisher: Scholarly Resources, Incorporated

ISBN: 9780842026307

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 198

View: 1591

This biography of one of America's greatest political figures focuses on Thomas Jefferson's role as a maker of foreign policy. Although he was not the sole formulator of American diplomacy, Jefferson's voice was the most pervasive in the first generation of the republic's history. This text explores how the concept of the United States' westward expansion worked as the moving force in forming Jefferson's judgments and actions in foreign relations. Although much has been written about Jefferson, this volume is one of the few that explores the full range of his positions on foreign relations. Readable and authoritative, Thomas Jefferson: Westward the Course of Empire offers new insight into the man who shaped American foreign policy.
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Book Review Digest

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Bibliography

Page: N.A

View: 7011

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Strategic selection

presidential nomination of Supreme Court Justices from Herbert Hoover through George W. Bush

Author: Christine L. Nemacheck

Publisher: Univ of Virginia Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 187

View: 2500

"Nemacheck... gives a rigorously tested, ambitiously comprehensive study that is a valuable contribution to president--Court studies." -- Choice"Digging deep into the archival records of presidents from Herbert Hoover to George W. Bush, Christine Nemacheck has produced a creative, fascinating, and insightful treatment of how presidents select their Supreme Court nominees. Nemacheck is the first to offer a systematic investigation of the political and institutional dynamics that underlie the White House's selection of nominees for the Court. Her account is historically nuanced and analytically sharp -- a must-read for anyone who cares about the past and future of the nation's highest court." -- Sarah A. Binder, The Brookings Institution " Strategic Selection is essential reading for anyone with an interest in the selection of Supreme Court justices. Professor Nemacheck extensively mines the presidential papers of ten presidents and draws on them to provide numerous fascinating examples.... This is a book to savor -- a wonderful achievement!" -- Sheldon Goldman, University of Massachusetts Amherst " Strategic Selection is full of interesting stories about how presidents select nominees, but rather than these stories' being the goal of Nemacheck's analysis, they are used to motivate a more systematic and analytical understanding of the president's choice. In reading this book we learn not only who is on each president's short list but also how presidents develop these lists, what role Congress plays in that process, and what factors impel presidents to choose one nominee rather than others. The result is one of the best books on the selection of Supreme Court nominees that I've read." -- Charles R. Shipan, University of Michigan Christine L. Nemacheck is Associate Professor in the Department of Government at the College of William and Mary. Constitutionalism and Democracy
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America, History and Life

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Canada

Page: N.A

View: 1289

Article abstracts and citations of reviews and dissertations covering the United States and Canada.
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Subject Guide to Books in Print

An Index to the Publishers' Trade List Annual

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 2402

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Books in Print

Author: R.R. Bowker Company

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 9392

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.
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Twelve Years a Slave

Die wahre Geschichte

Author: Solomon Northup

Publisher: Piper Verlag

ISBN: 3492967086

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 288

View: 380

Solomon Northup war ein freier Bürger, bis er von Sklavenhändlern verschleppt und an einen Plantagenbesitzer verkauft wurde. Dort lebte er zwölf Jahre als Sklave, bis er schließlich – als einer der wenigen – seine Freiheit zurückerlangen und zu seiner Familie zurückkehren konnte. Die gleichnamige Verfilmung seiner Memoiren von Regisseur Steve McQueen hat bei der Verleihung der Golden Globes den Hauptpreis als bestes Filmdrama gewonnen.
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Die Ruinen

Author: Constantin-François Volney,Georg Forster

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 306

View: 3094

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