The Logics and Politics of Post-WWII Migration to Western Europe

Author: Anthony M. Messina

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139463608

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2483

Few phenomena have been more disruptive to West European politics and society than the accumulative experience of post-WWII immigration. Against this backdrop spring two questions: Why have the immigrant-receiving states historically permitted high levels of immigration? To what degree can the social and political fallout precipitated by immigration be politically managed? Utilizing evidence from a variety of sources, this study explores the links between immigration and the surge of popular support for anti-immigrant groups; its implications for state sovereignty; its elevation to the policy agenda of the European Union; and its domestic legacies. It argues that post-WWII migration is primarily an interest-driven phenomenon that has historically served the macroeconomic and political interests of the receiving countries. Moreover, it is the role of politics in adjudicating the claims presented by domestic economic actors, foreign policy commitments, and humanitarian norms that creates a permissive environment for significant migration to Western Europe.
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Die Logik der Entrechtung

Sicherheits- und Nutzendiskurse im österreichischen Migrationsregime

Author: Kenneth Horvath

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3847002260

Category: Fiction

Page: 342

View: 9391

Die politische Steuerung von Migration beruht im liberalen Nationalstaat auf komplexen Formen der Entrechtung. Kenneth Horvath argumentiert, dass diese nach Kriterien wie Herkunft, Alter und Ausbildung differenzierte Zu- und Aberkennung von Rechten auf einem vielschichtigen Wechselspiel zweier migrationspolitischer Logiken beruht, die üblicherweise als konkurrierende Politikansätze gefasst werden. Am Beispiel der Entwicklung des österreichischen Migrationsregimes wird nachgezeichnet, wie das Wechselspiel einer restriktiven Sicherheitslogik und einer nutzenorientierten Wirtschaftslogik erlaubt hat, das migrationspolitische Regelwerk über die Jahre den jeweiligen politisch-ökonomischen Gegebenheiten anzupassen. Dabei wird der Blick auf bisher wenig beachtete Episoden der österreichischen Migrationspolitik gelenkt, etwa das Inlandarbeiterschutzgesetz der 1920er-Jahre, die Gleichstellung der »Volksdeutschen« nach 1945 und die Einführung von Saisonarbeiterstatus und Rot-Weiß-Rot-Karte.
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The Multicultural Dilemma

Migration, Ethnic Politics, and State Intermediation

Author: Michelle Hale Williams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 041562861X

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 6132

This work seeks to explore the contemporary challenge of government in multicultural societies, drawing together a wide range of contributors to examine how ethnic difference could better understood and mediated by modern nation states. Divided into three sections, the book centres round the notion that changing patterns of migration bring escalating obstacles to integration or assimilation. In the first section, contributors focus on the theory that immigrants are the actors that catalyze contemporary multicultural dilemmas within states, with a particular focus on diaspora and how a diaspora community may differ in some ways from other kinds of immigrant community. Section two identifies key factors in shaping ethnic identity before moving on to examine the state of the debate over whether identity can be changed or manipulated. The contributors to this section provide valuable insights into the catalysts and causes of ethnic division and tension, by showing factors in the development of ethnic identity. In the third section, the focus turns to strategies for mediating multicultural challenges and managing internal diversity in multicultural society, offering structural and institutional solutions with evidence of application in specific cases and country contexts. Offering a comprehensive overview of this pressing issue and drawing on a wide range of case studies, this work will be of interest to students and scholars of migration, political sociology & race and ethnic studies.
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Xenophobia and Islamophobia in Europe

Author: Raymond Taras

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748654895

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 453

This cross-national analysis of Islamophobia looks at these questions in an innovative, even-handed way, steering clear of politically-correct cliches and stereotypes. It cautions that Islamophobia is a serious threat to European values and norms, and mus
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Immigration and Membership Politics in Western Europe

Author: Sara Wallace Goodman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131606168X

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 3250

Why are traditional nation-states newly defining membership and belonging? In the twenty-first century, several Western European states have attached obligatory civic integration requirements as conditions for citizenship and residence, which include language proficiency, country knowledge and value commitments for immigrants. This book examines this membership policy adoption and adaptation through both medium-N analysis and three paired comparisons to argue that while there is convergence in instruments, there is also significant divergence in policy purpose, design and outcomes. To explain this variation, this book focuses on the continuing, dynamic interaction of institutional path dependency and party politics. Through paired comparisons of Austria and Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands and France, this book illustrates how variations in these factors - as well as a variety of causal processes - produce divergent civic integration policy strategies that, ultimately, preserve and anchor national understandings of membership.
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Voting Radical Right in Western Europe

Author: Terri E. Givens

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139446709

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9388

The economic and political conditions that have led to the rise of radical right parties exist in similar form and intensity all over Europe. Yet, radical right parties have only been successful in a few countries. The Republikaner party's less than 2% of the vote is much lower than the National Front's high of 15% and the Freedom Party's 27% of the vote in national legislative elections. Why do such a small percentage of voters choose the radical right in Germany? Why is the radical right winning more seats in Austria than in France and Germany? The main argument in this book is that radical right parties will have difficulty attracting voters and winning seats in electoral systems that encourage strategic voting and/or strategic coordination by the mainstream parties. The analysis demonstrates that electoral systems and party strategy play a key role in the success of the radical right.
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Islam, Security and Television News

Author: C. Flood,S. Hutchings,G. Miazhevich,H. Nickels

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137006889

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 302

View: 6773

Focusing on British, French and Russian television news coverage of Islam as a security threat, this book provides the first comparative account of how television broadcasting in different geo- and socio-political environments integrates discourses on Islam into nationally oriented, representational systems.
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German Multiculturalism

Immigrant Integration and the Transformation of Citizenship

Author: Brett Klopp

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275976279

Category: History

Page: 235

View: 1883

Klopp examines the issues of immigration, integration, and multiculturalism in Germany.
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(2009)

Author: K. G. Saur Verlag GmbH & Company

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783598694523

Category:

Page: 2563

View: 9832

The IBR, published again since 1971 as an interdisciplinary, international bibliography of reviews, offers book reviews of literature dealing primarily with the humanities and social sciences published in 6,000 mainly European scholarly journals. This unique bibliography contains over 1.2 millions book reviews. 60,000 entries are added every year with details on the work reviewed and the review.
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Dialogues on Migration Policy

Author: Marco Giugni,Florence Passy

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739110980

Category: Social Science

Page: 260

View: 6835

Dialogues on Migration Policy brings together leading American and European scholars of immigration politics to address migration policy. Editors Marco Giugni and Florence Passy's aim to present a number of informed "dialogues" addressing three main theoretical concerns in this field: the role of the national state in a globalizing world, the determinants of policy change, and the role of collective interests in migration policy. Adopting an unconventional format, the novelty of Dialogues on Migration Policy lies in the fact that it is structured around a series of debates among authors. In each debate, expert contributors working in different theoretical traditions and with divergent views on the subject matter confront each other followed by a commentary from a leading scholar based on her/his reading of these authors' views. These lively debates are certain to engage scholars of migration, political science, and sociology.
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Global Migration

Challenges in the Twenty-First Century

Author: K. Khory

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137007125

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 3759

Immigration today evokes passionate debates over questions of national identity, state sovereignty, and citizenship. Even as capital, goods, and services flow easily over national boundaries, human beings are subjected to intense scrutiny and resistance when crossing borders. In this collection of essays, distinguished scholars probe the challenges and opportunities that global migration presents for individuals, states, and societies grappling with questions of identity, belonging, and citizenship. Multidisciplinary in scope, the book demonstrates how forced and voluntary migrations intersect with global politics, from economic and environmental crises to human rights and security.
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Immigration Phobia and the Security Dilemma

Russia, Europe, and the United States

Author: Mikhail A. Alexseev

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521849883

Category: Political Science

Page: 286

View: 9853

This book shows that 'immigration phobia', or excessive anti-migrant hostility, is widespread globally.
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Movements of Exclusion

Radical Right-wing Populism in the Western World

Author: Jens Rydgren

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781594540967

Category: Political Science

Page: 190

View: 3248

The last two decades have seen the emergence of new radical right-wing populist parties in Western democracies. The electoral breakthrough of the French Front National in 1984 was the starting point for the rise of parties combining anti-establishment populism and anti-immigrant politics based on ethno-nationalist ideology, and today radical right-wing populist parties are well represented in national politics in Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Italy, Norway, Switzerland, and the Netherlands in Western Europe, as well as in Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. By bringing together some of the foremost experts within this area of research, this book gives a comprehensive image of different aspects of radical right-wing populism: its causes, ideology, and impact.
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Choice

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 7121

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International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature in the Humanities and the Social Sciences

Author: K. G. Saur Verlag GmbH & Company,K. g. Saur

Publisher: K. G. Saur

ISBN: 9783598694301

Category: Learning and scholarship

Page: 2843

View: 2449

The IBR, published again since 1971 as an interdisciplinary, international bibliography of reviews, offers book reviews of literature dealing primarily with the humanities and social sciences published in 6,000 mainly European scholarly journals. This unique bibliography contains over 1.1 millions book reviews. 60,000 entries are added every year with details on the work reviewed and the review.
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Internationaler Migrationsausblick 2014 (Gekürzte Ausgabe)

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 926422551X

Category:

Page: 236

View: 5794

In dieser Publikation werden die jüngsten Entwicklungen im Migrationsgeschehen und bei der Zuwanderungspolitik in den OECD-Ländern und einigen Nichtmitgliedsländern sowie die jüngsten Veränderungen bei den Arbeitsmarktergebnissen von Zuwanderern in in den OECD-Ländern analysiert.
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