The Kurdish Conflict

International Humanitarian Law and Post-Conflict Mechanisms

Author: Kerim Yildiz,Susan Breau

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136954635

Category: Law

Page: 376

View: 3073

The book looks at practically applying the law of armed conflicts to the ongoing situation in Turkey and Northern Iraq. The application of the law in this region will also mean addressing larger questions in international law, global politics and conflict resolution including belligerency in international law, whether the 'law on terror' has resulted in changes to the law of armed conflict and terrorism and conflict resolution. The book goes on to consider conflict resolution in the region, offering a comparative analysis of the situation in Northern Ireland, and suggesting possible political solutions to bring the conflict to an end. This book is the first study into the legislative and humanitarian side of the conflict and will offer a scholarly exploration of a debate that is often politically and emotionally highly charged.
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The War Report

Armed Conflict in 2014

Author: Annyssa Bellal

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019107862X

Category: Law

Page: 750

View: 8124

This War Report provides detailed information on every armed conflict which took place during 2014, offering an unprecedented overview of the nature, range, and impact of these conflicts and the legal issues they created. In Part I the Report describes its criteria for the identification and classification of armed conflicts under international law, and the legal consequences that flow from this classification. It sets out a list of armed conflicts in 2014, categorising each as international, non-international, or a military occupation, with estimates of civilian and military casualties. In Part II, each of these conflicts are examined in more detail, with an overview of the belligerents, means and methods of warfare, the applicable treaties and rules, and any prosecutions for, investigations into, or robust allegations of war crimes. Part III of the Report provides detailed thematic analysis of key legal developments which arose in the context of these conflicts, allowing for a more in-depth reflection on cross-cutting questions and controversies. The Report gives a full and accessible overview of armed conflicts in 2014. It should be the first port of call for everyone working in the field.
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Human Rights in Armed Conflict

Law, Practice, Policy

Author: Gerd Oberleitner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316240932

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 1403

It is now widely accepted that international human rights law applies in situations of armed conflict alongside international humanitarian law, but the contours and consequences of this development remain unclear. This book revisits, organizes and contextualizes the debate on human rights in armed conflict and explores the legal challenges, operational consequences and policy implications of resorting to human rights in situations of inter- and intra-state violence. It presents the benefits and the drawbacks of using international human rights law alongside humanitarian law and discusses how the idea, law and policy of human rights influence the development of the law of armed conflict. Based on legal theory, policy analysis, state practice and the work of human rights bodies, it suggests a human rights-oriented reading of the law of armed conflict as feasible and necessary in response to the changing character of war.
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The Use of Force and Article 2 of the ECHR in Light of European Conflicts

Author: Hannah Russell

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1509911804

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 3963

Article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) in its current form is incomplete and outdated. Due to significant development at a legislative and judicial level, the right to life spans beyond what is enumerated within Article 2. With the belief that Article 2 is still relevant, this book investigates how the right to life can be better protected within Europe. It advocates for the modernisation of Article 2 through codifying legislative and judicial developments relevant to this provision in the form of guidelines. It also considers the improvements that can be made by the Council of Europe (CoE) bodies – the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), the Committee of Ministers (CoM), the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) and the CoE Commissioner for Human Rights – to encourage adherence to Article 2 and promote effective remedies to prevent future violations. It uses the experience from four internal European conflicts – the Basque conflict, the Chechen conflict, the Northern Ireland Troubles and the Turkish-Kurdish conflict – to illustrate its points.
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Emerging Areas of Human Rights in the 21st Century

The Role of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Author: Marco Odello,Sofia Cavandoli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136831339

Category: Law

Page: 192

View: 3219

This book includes a set of studies and reflections that have emerged since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. Encompassing a number of human rights, such as the right to environmental protection, the right to humanitarian aid, and the right to democratic governance, this collection focuses on issues and areas that were not originally mentioned or foreseen in the Declaration but that have since developed into salient topics. These developing rights are considered in the light of contemporary national and international law, as well as against the wider picture and the contexts in which human rights may have effect. Moreover, the topics covered take in a wide range of research fields, including law, politics and criminology. Emerging Areas of Human Rights in the 21st Century is aimed primarily at undergraduate and postgraduate students, and scholars interested in international law, human rights and politics.
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Out of Nowhere

The Kurds of Syria in Peace and War

Author: Michael Gunter

Publisher: Hurst

ISBN: 1849045321

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 3267

In mid-2012 the previously almost forgotten Syrian Kurds suddenly emerged as a potential game-changer in the country's civil war when in an attempt to consolidate its increasingly desperate position the Assad government abruptly withdrew its troops from the major Kurdish areas in Syria. The Kurds in Syria had suddenly won autonomy, a situation that has huge implications for neighboring Turkey and the near independent Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in Iraq. Indeed, their precipitous rise may prove a tipping-point that alters the boundaries imposed on the Middle East by the Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916. These important events and what they portend for the future are scrutinized by the renowned scholar of the Kurds Michael Gunter. He also analyses the sudden rise of Salih Muslim and his Democratic Union Party (PYD) - which was created by the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) and remains affiliated to it - and the extremely complex and deadly fighting between factions of the Syrian Opposition affiliated with al-Qaeda such as the Jabhat al-Nusra jihadists and the PYD, among others.
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Compliant Rebels

Rebel Groups and International Law in World Politics

Author: Hyeran Jo

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316432432

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 653

Seventeen million people have died in civil wars and rebel violence has disrupted the lives of millions more. In a fascinating contribution to the active literature on civil wars, this book finds that some contemporary rebel groups actually comply with international law amid the brutality of civil conflicts around the world. Rather than celebrating the existence of compliant rebels, the author traces the cause of this phenomenon and argues that compliant rebels emerge when rebel groups seek legitimacy in the eyes of domestic and international audiences that care about humanitarian consequences and human rights. By examining rebel groups' different behaviors such as civilian killing, child soldiering, and allowing access to detention centers, Compliant Rebels offers key messages and policy lessons about engaging rebel groups with an eye toward reducing civilian suffering in war zones.
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International Military Missions and International Law

Author: Marco Odello,Ryszard Piotrowicz

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004174370

Category: Law

Page: 308

View: 7551

By considering different international legal sources, including humanitarian law, human rights and criminal law, this book seeks to identify the rules applicable to International Military Missions engaged in different actions in the context of peace operations.
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The Un Set of Principles to Combat Impunity

A Commentary

Author: Frank Haldemann,Thomas Unger

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198743602

Category: Law

Page: 416

View: 4367

The fight against impunity has become a growing concern of the international community. Updated in 2005, the UN Set of Principles for the Protection and Promotion of Human Rights Through Action to Combat Impunity is the fruit of several years of study, developed under the aegis of the UN Commission on Human Rights and then affirmed by the Human Rights Council. These Principles are today widely accepted as constituting an authoritative reference point for efforts in the fight against impunity for gross human rights abuses and serious violations of international humanitarian law. As a comprehensive attempt to codify universal accountability norms, the UN Set of Principles marks a significant step forward in the debate on the obligation of states to combat impunity in its various forms. Bringing together leading experts in the field, this volume provides comprehensive academic commentary of the 38 principles. The book is a perfect companion to the document, setting out the text of the Principles alongside detailed analysis, as well as a full introduction and a guide to the relevant literature and case law. The commentary advances debates and clarifies complex legal issues, making it an essential resource for legal academics, students, and practitioners working in fields such as human rights, international criminal law, and transitional justice.
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The Post-Conflict Environment

Investigation and Critique

Author: Daniel Bertrand Monk,Jacob Mundy

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472052233

Category: Political Science

Page: 237

View: 7035

A critique of the technocratic neoliberal paradigm of peacebuilding
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Routledge Handbook of the Law of Armed Conflict

Author: Rain Liivoja,Tim McCormack

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136028889

Category: Law

Page: 721

View: 5861

The law of armed conflict is a key element of the global legal order yet it finds itself in a state of flux created by the changing nature of warfare and the influences of other branches of international law. The Routledge Handbook of the Law of Armed Conflict provides a unique perspective on the field covering all the key aspects of the law as well as identifying developing and often contentious areas of interest. The handbook will feature original pieces by international experts in the field, including academics, staff of relevant NGOs and (former) members of the armed forces. Made up of six parts in order to offer a comprehensive overview of the field, the structure of the handbook is as follows: Part I: Fundamentals Part II: Principle of distinction Part III: Means and methods of warfare Part IV: Special protection regimes Part V: Compliance and enforcement Part VI: Some contemporary issues Throughout the book, attention is paid to non-international conflicts as well as international conflicts with acknowledgement of the differences. The contributors also consider the relationship between the law of armed conflict and human rights law, looking at how the various rules and principles of human rights law interact with specific rules and principles of international humanitarian law in particular circumstances. The Routledge Handbook of the Law of Armed Conflict provides a fresh take on the contemporary laws of war and is written for advanced level students, academics, researchers, NGOs and policy-makers with an interest in the field.
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Implementation of International Humanitarian Law

Research Papers by Participants in the 1986 Session of the Centre for Studies and Research in International Law and International Relations of the Hague Academy of International Law

Author: Frits Kalshoven,Yves Sandoz,Peter Mac Alister-Smith,Bruno Zimmermann

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9024737842

Category: Law

Page: 472

View: 5582

Su Wei.
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Breaking the Conflict Trap

Civil War and Development Policy

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821386417

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 8616

Civil war conflict is a core development issue. The existence of civil war can dramatically slow a country's development process, especially in low-income countries which are more vulnerable to civil war conflict. Conversely, development can impede civil war. When development succeeds, countries become safer when development fails, they experience a greater risk of being caught in a conflict trap. Ultimately, civil war is a failure of development. 'Breaking the Conflict Trap' identifies the dire consequences that civil war has on the development process and offers three main findings. First, civil war has adverse ripple effects that are often not taken into account by those who determine whether wars start or end. Second, some countries are more likely than others to experience civil war conflict and thus, the risks of civil war differ considerably according to a country's characteristics including its economic stability. Finally, Breaking the Conflict Trap explores viable international measures that can be taken to reduce the global incidence of civil war and proposes a practical agenda for action. This book should serve as a wake up call to anyone in the international community who still thinks that development and conflict are distinct issues.
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The Humanitarians

The International Committee of the Red Cross

Author: David P. Forsythe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521612814

Category: History

Page: 356

View: 4873

Provides a comprehensive overview of the International Committee of the Red Cross from its origins up to the present day.
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Civilians in War

Author: Simon Chesterman

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 9781555879655

Category: History

Page: 291

View: 7430

This title seeks to expand the tools available to international actors endeavouring to protect civilians in times of war. It presents a range of perspectives on the evolving norms of international humanitarian law and humanitarian actors can persuade belligerants to respect those norms.
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International Law Concerning Child Civilians in Armed Conflict

Author: Jenny Kuper

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198264859

Category: Law

Page: 283

View: 4093

Each year, many thousands of child civilians are killed, injured, or otherwise physically and psychologically harmed as a result of armed conflicts. There is a considerable body of international law which aims to minimise the harm inflicted on these children, and yet it is little known, or observed. This book is the first major international legal text to focus exclusively on child civilians. It addresses three main questions: (1) what are the precise rules incorporated in the pertinent body of law, and what are its implementation mechanisms? (2) how effective is it (with reference to recent conflicts involving Iraq) in helping to achieve some protection for child civilians? and (3) can it be rendered more effective? The book concludes by proposing a number of strategies to strengthen the impact of the applicable law. As the first detailed analysis of the surprisingly large body of law relevant to the treatment of child civilians, this book is an important contribution to a topical and highly charged human rights issue.
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The Law of Non-International Armed Conflict

Author: Sandesh Sivakumaran

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199239797

Category: Law

Page: 657

View: 3346

Non-international armed conflicts now far outnumber international ones, but the protection afforded by international law to combatants and civilian is not always clear. This book will set out the legal rules and state practice applicable to internal armed conflicts, drawing on armed conflicts from the US civil war to present day.
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Spillover from the Conflict in Syria

An Assessment of the Factors that Aid and Impede the Spread of Violence

Author: William Young,David Stebbins,Bryan A. Frederick,Omar Al-Shahery

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833087266

Category: History

Page: 84

View: 7862

Aid flowing into Syria is intended to determine the outcome of the conflict between rebel factions and Damascus. Instead, it could perpetuate the civil war and ignite larger regional hostilities that could reshape the political geography of the Middle East. This report examines the main factors likely to contribute to or impede the spread of violence from civil war and insurgency in Syria, and then examines how they apply to neighboring states.
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The Oxford Handbook of the Use of Force in International Law

Author: Marc Weller

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191653918

Category: Law

Page: 1328

View: 8367

The prohibition of the use of force in international law is one of the major achievements of international law in the past century. The attempt to outlaw war as a means of national policy and to establish a system of collective security after both World Wars resulted in the creation of the United Nations Charter, which remains a principal point of reference for the law on the use of force to this day. There have, however, been considerable challenges to the law on the prohibition of the use of force over the past two decades. This Oxford Handbook is a comprehensive and authoritative study of the modern law on the use of force. Over seventy experts in the field offer a detailed analysis, and to an extent a restatement, of the law in this area. The Handbook reviews the status of the law on the use of force, and assesses what changes, if any, have occurred in consequence to recent developments. It offers cutting-edge and up-to-date scholarship on all major aspects of the prohibition of the use of force. The work is set in context by an extensive introductory section, reviewing the history of the subject, recent challenges, and addressing major conceptual approaches. Its second part addresses collective security, in particular the law and practice of the United Nations organs, and of regional organizations and arrangements. It then considers the substance of the prohibition of the use of force, and of the right to self-defence and associated doctrines. The next section is devoted to armed action undertaken on behalf of peoples and populations. This includes self-determination conflicts, resistance to armed occupation, and forcible humanitarian and pro-democratic action. The possibility of the revival of classical, expansive justifications for the use of force is then addressed. This is matched by a final section considering new security challenges and the emerging law in relation to them. Finally, the key arguments developed in the book are tied together in a substantive conclusion. The Handbook will be essential reading for scholars and students of international law and the use of force, and legal advisers to both government and NGOs.
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