The Involvement of EU Law in Private Law Relationships

Author: Dorota Leczykiewicz,Stephen Weatherill

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782251049

Category: Law

Page: 492

View: 1648

The involvement of the EU in regulating private conduct and relationships between individuals is increasing. As a result, EU law affects the scope of private autonomy in ever wider contexts, sparking tensions with fundamental concepts of national private law systems. This volume offers a descriptive and normative account of the involvement of EU law in private law relationships. The recurring theme in the collected papers is the scope of policy objectives which are apt to legitimise the European Union's as yet unsystematic tendency to serve as a source of restrictions of private autonomy. The nature and purpose of the involvement of European Union law in private law relationships is investigated by the authors from both the substantive and the constitutional perspective. The papers look at such sectors regulating private law relationships as consumer law, labour law, competition law, equal treatment law and the law of remedies. While focusing on private law relationships the authors investigate more general concepts of EU law, such as the Internal Market freedoms and general principles of law, and the different modes of ensuring the effective application of EU secondary law.
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Das unionsrechtliche Verbraucherleitbild

Rechtsgebietsspezifische Rezeption und Binnendifferenzierung des Leitbilds vom informierten, aufmerksamen und verständigen Durchschnittsverbraucher

Author: Lennart Schmitt

Publisher: Nomos Verlag

ISBN: 384529664X

Category: Law

Page: 659

View: 9499

Die Kontroverse um das zutreffende Verbraucherleitbild hat sich in der Rechtswissenschaft unlängst wieder belebt. Stellenweise wird die Kritik geäußert, dass wieder der Schutz der schwächeren "flüchtigen" Konsumenten in den Vordergrund gerückt sei. Weiter wird die Frage aufgeworfen, ob sich aufgrund einer detailfreudigen EU-Gesetzgebung eine Abkehr vom primärrechtlich postulierten Verbraucherleitbild des "informierten und mündigen Durchschnittsverbrauchers" des EuGH vollzieht. Ein Blick auf die aktuelle Literatur zeigt, dass die normative Referenzfigur des "verständigen Durchschnittsverbrauchers" inzwischen ihrem lauterkeitsrechtlichen Rechtskleid längst entwachsen ist und in verschiedensten Rechtsbereichen herangezogen wird. Im Rahmen dieser sehr intensiv geführten Diskussionen rückt dieses Werk die Frage in den Fokus, in welchen weiteren Rechtsgebieten (z.B. dem Lebensmittelrecht, Heilmittelrecht, Strafrecht, Finanzmarktrecht und öffentlichen Wirtschaftsrecht) einem Verbraucherleitbild Bedeutung zukommt und ob noch von einem einheitlichen Leitbild als für Binnendifferenzierungen und Wertungen offenen Modell ausgegangen werden kann.
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Dienstleistungen von allgemeinem wirtschaftlichem Interesse im europäischen Privatrecht

Author: Martina Melcher

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161547508

Category: Law

Page: 532

View: 6660

Martina Melcher untersucht die Ausgestaltung der unionsprivatrechtlichen Regelungen zur Versorgung mit Dienstleistungen von allgemeinem wirtschaftlichem Interesse (DAWI) am Beispiel der Energie-, Telekommunikations- und Postdienstleistungen. Ausgehend von einer detaillierten Konzeptdefinition werden sowohl der primär- und sekundärrechtliche Regelungsrahmen im Spannungsfeld von Wettbewerb, Solidarität, Liberalisierung und Privatisierung als auch konkrete unionsprivatrechtliche Vorgaben im Zusammenspiel sektoraler und allgemein verbraucherschützender Richtlinien dargestellt und analysiert. Ein Hauptaugenmerk richtet die Autorin auf das Universaldienstkonzept und die Sicherstellung des Zugangs zu einer Grundversorgung. Die dabei gewonnenen Erkenntnisse lassen Änderungen in der Konzeption des europäischen Privatrechts erkennen, die sich in einer Aufspaltung des Verbraucherrechts und einer neuen sozialen Dimension zeigen und deren breitere Auswirkungen abschließend diskutiert werden.
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European Law on Unfair Commercial Practices and Contract Law

Author: Mateja Djurovic

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782258132

Category: Law

Page: 240

View: 9205

The book examines the ambiguous relationship between the European law on unfair commercial practices and contract law. In particular, the manuscript demonstrates that the Directive 2005/29/EC on unfair commercial practices (UCPD) has had a major impact on contract law, despite the declaration concerning the formal independence between the two branches of law established by Article 3(2) UCPD. The insights and conclusions identified in the book contribute to a better understanding of European private law and the general process of Europeanisation of private law in the European Union, and in particular of contract law.
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Constitutionalization of European Private Law

XXII/2

Author: Hans Micklitz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191020087

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 9430

In recent years the impact of human rights and fundamental rights on private law has risen in prominence and led to a whole series of detailed investigations. 'Constitutionalization of private law' is the flag under which most of the research on the increasing impact of national constitutional rights on national private legal orders is sailing. In the absence of a European Constitution, the constitutionalization of European private law suggests a process: constitutionalization instead of constituent power, demos, and the magic constitutional moment. The Charter of Fundamental Rights and the European Convention of Human Rights constitute the two pillars on which the transformation of European private law rests. This volume clearly demonstrates the change that has taken place, at the national and at the European level. Private law is no longer immune to the intrusion of fundamental and human rights. Whilst member states and the EU are driving the process by adopting ever more concrete and more comprehensive lists of human and fundamental rights, at the national, the European, and international level with overlapping contents, the true and key players in this development are the national and European courts. Contributions to this volume give this process a face and a direction, which is highlighted in the introduction by Hans-W. Micklitz.
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Perspectives for the Unification and Harmonisation of Family Law in Europe

Author: Katharina Boele-Woelki

Publisher: Intersentia nv

ISBN: 9050952879

Category: Law

Page: 573

View: 9426

Is the unification and harmonisation of (international) family law in Europe necessary? Is it feasible, desirable and possible? Reading the different contributions to this book may certainly inspire those who would like to find the right answers to these questions.
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The Europeanisation of International Family Law

Author: N. A. Baarsma

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789067047432

Category: Law

Page: 341

View: 9741

Choice of law determines which national legal system applies to an international case. Currently many choice of law rules in the field of family law are regulated by national law. However, these national rules of the EU Member States are more and more displaced by common European rules. This book describes the changes brought by the Europeanisation of the choice of law on divorce. From the conclusions drawn in the field of divorce the concluding chapter discusses the changes of Europeanisation of international family law in a broader perspective.
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Europäisches Vertragsrecht

Author: Hein Kötz

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161537677

Category: Law

Page: 549

View: 7384

English summary: This volume deals with the contract law of the European legal systems. What are the essential rules of these systems on the formation and validity of contracts? What rules apply to a party's right to bring a claim for performance, to terminate the contract or to claim damages for breach? While the discussion is based on the national rules, they are taken into account only as local variations on a European theme. To what extent is it therefore possible to speak of a common European law of contract? What contributions do the "Principles of European Contract Law" and the proposal of the "Draft Common Frame of Reference" make? This book is not only aimed at helping to teach young Europeans lawyers, but also strives to assist those engaged in the reform of national contract law or the drafting of uniform European legislation. The first 1996 edition of the volume has now been updated and completed. German description: Unter "Europaischem Vertragsrecht" versteht dieses Buch die Regeln, die den Rechtsordnungen der europaischen Lander gemeinsam sind: Wie kommt ein gultiger Vertrag zustande? Nach welchen Regeln wird beurteilt, ob eine Vertragspartei die Erfullung des Vertrages verlangen, von dem Vertrag Abstand nehmen, ihn widerrufen oder kundigen oder den Kontrahenten auf Schadensersatz in Anspruch nehmen kann? Lassen sich auf dem Gebiet des Vertragsrechts gemeineuropaische Strukturen auffinden? Gibt es allgemein akzeptierte Regeln? Wie sind sie zu formulieren, wenn man die "Prinzipien des Europaischen Vertragsrechts" oder die Vorschlage des "Draft Common Frame of Reference" berucksichtigt? Dabei werden die Losungen der nationalen Rechtsordnungen ausfuhrlich - wenn auch stets nur als nationale Variationen eines europaischen Themas - behandelt. Das Buch kann deshalb bei der rechtsvergleichenden Ausbildung der jungen europaischen Juristen eine Rolle spielen, ferner auch dort, wo e s um die Vorbereitung europaischen Gesetzesrechts oder um die Reform der nationalen Vertragsrechte geht. Das Buch ist in einer ersten unvollstandigen Auflage schon 1996 erschienen. Die Neuauflage bringt den Text auf den neuen Stand und erganzt ihn um die damals noch fehlenden Abschnitte.
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Participation in EU Rule-making

A Rights-Based Approach

Author: Joana Mendes

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199599769

Category: Law

Page: 502

View: 9536

The limited scope of participation in the making of EU law remains a continued source of controversy, and high on the agenda for institutional reform. This book assesses the scope of legal rights to participate in EU rulemaking, criticising their limited application by the European courts, and presenting a legal argument for their extension.
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Civil Society and Legitimate European Governance

Author: Stijn Smismans

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 2793

'Smismans gathers a fine selection of papers. The book gains particular authority from its interdisciplinary approach.' - Ulrike Ehling, European Law Journal
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Taxation

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Taxation

Page: N.A

View: 5849

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Gemeinwohlverantwortung im Binnenmarkt

Author: Ulrich Becker,Jürgen Schwarze

Publisher: Mohr Siebrek Ek

ISBN: 9783161505348

Category: Law

Page: 135

View: 4297

English summary: This volume contains articles which examine a common problem from very different perspectives: the problem of regulating and shaping the European domestic market. The authors outline the results of a joint event held by the special sections for European law and labor and social law which took place at the 32nd conference of the Society for Comparative Law. German description: Dieser Band spiegelt die Ergebnisse einer gemeinsamen Veranstaltung der Fachgruppen fur Europarecht und Arbeits- und Sozialrecht wider, die auf der 32. Tagung der Gesellschaft fur Rechtsvergleichung stattgefunden hat. Er vereint Beitrage, die aus ganz verschiedenen Perspektiven eine gemeinsame Problemstellung in den Blick nehmen. Heike Schweitzer und Jacqueline Dutheil de la Rochere greifen das Grundproblem auf, wie staatliche Gemeinwohlverantwortung mit den Geboten des gemeinschaftsweiten Wettbewerbs in Einklang gebracht werden kann. In Frankreich spielt die Sorge fur das von den staatlichen Behorden zu garantierende Gemeinwohl eine zentrale Rolle. Demgegenuber steht im deutschen Wirtschaftsverfassungsrecht eher ein durch Wettbewerb zu gewahrleistendes liberales Marktmodell im Vordergrund. Die Argumente fur die jeweilige Sichtweise werden in beiden Beitragen im einzelnen dargelegt.Spatestens seit den Entscheidungen des EuGH zur grenzuberschreitenden Gesundheitsversorgung ist bekannt, dass europaisches Wirtschaftsrecht vor den nationalen Sozialleistungssystemen nicht halt macht. Nun muss sich auch das Arbeitsrecht verstarkt mit Einwirkungen des Primarrechts auseinandersetzen. Sudabeh Kamanabrou fasst die verschiedenen Wege, auf denen diese Einwirkungen erfolgen, zusammen. Aus der Perspektive des Grossherzogtums Luxemburg werden die Entwicklungen im anschliessenden Beitrag von Achim Seifert betrachtet. Michael Dougan hebt abschliessend die zunehmende Bedeutung der Unionsburgerschaft fur die Verleihung sozialer Rechte hervor. Er zeigt, wie sich die einschlagige Rechtsprechung zu den Anknupfungspunkten der Nationalitat und der Territorialitat verhalt.
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Public Environmental Law in the European Union and the United States

A Comparative Analysis

Author: René Seerden,Michiel Heldeweg,Kurt Deketelaere

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 583

View: 3952

This volume presents an overview of public environmental law in the European Union and the United States of America. It focusses on constitutional and administrative environmental law but also includes other areas of law such as criminal and private law (in as far as these are relevant to the understanding of public environmental law). The book offers a comparative introduction, by editors and native authors, to the most important aspects of environmental law (prevention of pollution). It thus aspires to contribute to both 'transboundary' understanding of different regimes for Environmental Law and to a greater co-operation between different international and European partners in their strive towards more adequate (legal) modes of protection and improvement of the environment. For the purpose of the use of this book in education, research and legal practice, the contributions to the book are all based on one and the same format, thus making it more accessible for its readers. The final chapter offers comparative remarks by the editors.
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The New Regulation and Governance of Food

Beyond the Food Crisis?

Author: Professor of Environmental Policy and Planning Terry Marsden,Terry Marsden,Robert Lee,Andrew Flynn,Samarthia Thankappan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135910022

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 364

View: 8069

Major questions surround who, how, and by what means should the interests of government, the private sector, or consumers hold authority and powers over decisions concerning the production and consumption of foods. This book examines the development of food policy and regulation following the BSE (mad cow disease) crisis of the late 1990s, and traces the changing relationships between three key sets of actors: private interests, such as the corporate retailers; public regulators, such as the EU directorates and UK agencies; and consumer groups at EU and national levels. The authors explore how these interests deal with the conundrum of continuing to stimulate a corporately organised and increasingly globalised food system at the same time as creating a public and consumer-based legitimate framework for it. The analysis develops a new model and synthesis of food policy and regulation which reassesses these public/private sector responsibilities with new evidence and theoretical insights.
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EU and US Antitrust Arbitration

A Handbook for Practitioners

Author: Gordon Blanke,Phillip Louis Landolt

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041127607

Category: Law

Page: 2252

View: 8696

EU and US Antitrust Arbitration is the first book that deals with how both of the world's leading antitrust systems, US and EU law, are treated in international arbitration. In forty-nine chapters written by renowned experts, this book provides an in-depth examination of all relevant topics, from drafting arbitration clauses, to arbitrability, provisional measures, the applicability of antitrust law in arbitrations, dealing with economic evidence and experts in relation to antitrust law, to relations with courts and regulators, remedies, and recognition and enforcement of arbitration awards dealing with antitrust issues. Both antitrust and merger control are covered. The perspectives of the arbitrator and the in-house andquot;userandquot; of arbitration are included. Two chapters outline and explain US antitrust law and EU antitrust law with special reference to matters particularly likely to arise in arbitration. One chapter is devoted to ICC antitrust arbitrations and another to the emerging area of EU State aids in arbitration. There are industry-specific chapters, such as on telecommunications and pharmaceuticals, and much else. In this substantial book, practitioners will find helpful and easy-to-understand guidance to their questions on antitrust arbitrations.
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MacCormick's Scotland

Author: Neil Walker

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748649301

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 5861

A Gedenkschrift to one of Scotland's most prominent jurists and legal thinkers.
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The OECD Convention on Bribery

A Commentary

Author: Mark Pieth,Lucinda A. Low,Peter J. Cullen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139462946

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 8501

The OECD Convention is the first major international treaty specifically to address 'supply-side bribery' by sanctioning the briber. The OECD Convention establishes an international standard for compliance with anti-corruption rules by 36 countries, including the 30 OECD members and six non-member countries, with the leading OECD exporting countries receiving particular attention. This book is an article-by-article commentary which gives particular attention to the results of the OECD monitoring process as applied to state implementation. Companies in particular are at ever greater risk of legal and 'reputational' damage resulting from failure to comply with the anti-corruption standards set inter alia, by the OECD Convention. This book provides them with comprehensive guidance on the OECD standards. The commentary also constitutes a significant work of comparative criminal law. It is written and edited by persons who include experts involved in development of the Convention standards as well as academics and legal practitioners.
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Corporate Social Responsibility

National Public Policies in the European Union

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business ethics

Page: 94

View: 9203

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