The International Law of Property

Author: John G. Sprankling

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191502529

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 2823

Does a right to property exist under international law? The traditional answer to this question is no: a right to property can only arise under the domestic law of a particular nation. But the view that property rights are exclusively governed by national law is obsolete. Identifiable areas of property law have emerged at the international level, and the foundation is now arguably being laid for a comprehensive international regime. This book provides a detailed investigation into this developing international property law. It demonstrates how the evolution of international property law has been influenced by major economic, political, and technological changes: the embrace of private property by former socialist states after the end of the Cold War; the globalization of trade; the birth of new technologies capable of exploiting the global commons; the rise of digital property; and the increasing recognition of the human right to property. The first part of the book analyzes how international law impacts rights in specific types of property. In some situations, international law creates property rights, such as rights in aboriginal lands, deep seabed minerals, and satellite orbits. In other areas, it harmonizes property rights that arise at the national level, such as rights in intellectual property, rights in foreign investments, and security interests in personal property. Finally, it restricts property rights that may be recognized at the national level, such as rights in celestial bodies, contraband, and slaves. The second part of the book explores the thesis that a global right to property should be recognized as a general matter, not merely as a moral precept but rather as an entitlement that all nations must honour. It establishes the components of such a right, arguing that the right to property at the international level should be seen in the context of five key components of ownership: acquisition, use, destruction, exclusion, and transfer. This highly innovative book makes an important contribution to how we conceptualize the protection of property and to the understanding that much of this protection now takes place at the international level.
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International Property Law

Author: John G. Sprankling

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199654549

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 2112

International law increasingly creates, harmonizes, and restricts property rights, thereby superseding national law. This book examines this emerging regime of international property law. Looking at the intersection between international law and private property, the work argues that a global right to property should be recognized.
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The International Law on Foreign Investment

Author: M. Sornarajah

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521545563

Category: Law

Page: 525

View: 915

This book surveys the Public International Law developed to protect foreign investment made by multinational corporations. It assesses the role of multinational corporations in making foreign investments, and considers ways in which misconduct on the part of such corporations in host states could be controlled. Focusing on the protection of foreign investment and its associated problems, Sornarajah explores treaty-based methods, and examines several bilateral and regional investment treaties. He takes account not only of the law, but also of the relevant literature in economics, political science and other associated disciplines.
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The International Law of Investment Claims

Author: Zachary Douglas

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521855675

Category: Law

Page: 616

View: 8882

This book is a codification of the principles and rules relating to the prosecution of investment claims.
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Resistance and Change in the International Law on Foreign Investment

Author: M. Sornarajah

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316300552

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 2253

Since the 1990s, conflicts within international law on foreign investment have arisen as a result of several competing interests. The neoliberal philosophy ensured inflexible investment protection given by a network of investment treaties interpreted in an expansive manner, which led to states creating regulatory space over foreign investment. However, NGOs committed to single causes such as human rights and the environment protested against inflexible investment protection. The rise to prominence of arguments against the fragmentation of international law also affected the development of investment law as an autonomous regime. These factors have resulted in some states renouncing the system of arbitration and other states creating new treaties which undermine inflexible investment protection. The treaty-based system of investment protection has therefore become tenuous, and change has become inevitable. Emphasising the changes resulting from resistance to a system based on neoliberal foundations, this study looks at recent developments in the area.
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Corruption, Asset Recovery, and the Protection of Property in Public International Law

The Human Rights of Bad Guys

Author: Radha Ivory

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316061590

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7867

In recovering assets that are or that represent the proceeds, objects, or instrumentalities of grand corruption, do states violate the human rights of politically exposed persons, their relatives, or their associates? Radha Ivory asks whether cooperative efforts to confiscate illicit wealth are compatible with rights to property in public international law. She explores the tensions between the goals of controlling high-level, high-value corruption and ensuring equal enjoyment of civil and political rights. Through the jurisprudence of regional human rights tribunals and the literature on confiscation and international cooperation, Ivory shows how asset recovery is a human rights issue and how principles of legality and proportionality have mediated competing interests in analogous matters. In cases of asset recovery, she predicts that property rights will likewise enable questions of individual entitlement to be considered in the context of collective concerns with good governance, global economic inequality, and the suppression of transnational crime.
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Internationales Kulturgüterprivat- und Zivilverfahrensrecht

Author: Michael Anton

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3899497279

Category: Law

Page: 1447

View: 3548

Volume 3 does particular justice to the international aspect of cultural goods protection and art restitution law. Firstly, the civil law claims system, possible means of defense against unjust art restitution claims and counterclaims of parties legally obliged to restitution are addressed. The second core issue of this work involves international cultural goods civil procedural law and the question of which formal and procedural particularities exist in regard to art restitution law suits. The examination also focuses on international cultural goods private law and the question significant to daily practice, namely: which national civil law system applies in the event of art restitution procedures?
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The International law of expropriation as reflected in the work of the Iran-U.S. claims tribunals

Author: Allahyar Mouri

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 0792326547

Category: Law

Page: 567

View: 1406

This book deals with expropriation and other measures affecting property rights as set out in the awards of the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal, and thus examines the relation between general international law and the "lex specialis," viz., the provisions of the Algiers Declarations and the Treaty of Amity between the Governments of Iran and the United States. It studies what rights have been considered as property rights capable of being independently expropriated or affected by other measures, and what rights have not been so qualified, although they might have been considered as forming an element of valuation. Furthermore, the liability and attributability issues are discussed, as are the methods of compensation and of valuation.
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The Iran-United States Claims Tribunal

The First Ten Years, 1981-1991 : an Assessment of the Tribunal's Jurisprudence and Its Contribution to International Arbitration

Author: Wayne Mapp

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719037900

Category: Law

Page: 393

View: 9459

An assessment of the Tribunal's jurisprudence and its contribution to international arbitration. The Tribunal was set up as part of the resolution of the hostage crisis to settle property claims between the two states and their nationals arising from the Iranian revolution. The normal mechanisms for such situations were politically unacceptable to both parties, so an international tribunal was established controlled by independent arbitrators. The analysis focuses on two themes: how the tribunal has applied international law to the issues before it; and the extent to which it is recognized as an international arbitral body and its awards are enforced by municipal courts. Distributed in the US by St. Martin's Press. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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The Energy Charter Treaty:An East-West Gateway for Investment and Trade

Author: Thomas Walde

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041109137

Category: Law

Page: 736

View: 735

The Energy Charter Treaty, initiated by the 1991 European Energy Charter and completed in December 1994, is an innovative major multilateral investment and trade treaty. The book has an introduction by Ruud Lubbers who, as the Dutch Prime Minister, played the key role in initiating the Energy Charter negotiations. It brings together contributions on the energy/investment background, the geopolitical context, the Energy Charter negotiations and the relevant specific topics of the Treaty (focusing on investment and trade, but also environment, competition and transit) by the key specialists on the subject, ranging from countries such as the US (which in the end decided not to join the Treaty) to Russia and Kazakhstan, including energy and investment specialists, international investment and commercial lawyers and arbitrators. The contributors include noted international energy/economic law authorities, but also key participants and observers of the Treaty negotiations. This book is intended to provide the first authoritative analysis of the background, negotiations and content of the Energy Charter Treaty and to provide support and guidance for subsequent negotiations and the difficult challenges involved in interpretation and application of the Treaty. It will be an essential tool for anybody working with the Energy Charter Treaty. The book contains in its annex the major documents of the Treaty: The 1991 European Energy Charter, the 1994 Treaty and its relevant Protocols, Annexes, Understandings and Final Act Declarations.
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Trade and Energy

Investment in the Gas and Electricity Sectors

Author: Lars Albath

Publisher: Cameron May

ISBN: 1905017022

Category: Electric industries

Page: 299

View: 2004

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Intellectual Property, Growth and Trade

Author: Keith Eugene Maskus

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0444527648

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 539

View: 3703

In recent years intellectual property rights (IPR) took on major significance as an element of global trade regulation. The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) at the World Trade Organization (WTO) obliges member countries to protect patents, copyrights, trademarks, and trade secrets. This mandate has great impact in developing nations, which had generally weaker IPR standards prior to TRIPS and subsequent agreements. This emerging international regime for protecting IPR raises thorny questions about how the new rules of the game might affect fundamental economic processes, including innovation, trade and economic development.The governments of many developing countries see the new regime as excessively protectionist and an impediment to their development prospects. They perceive potential problems with abusive monopoly practices, high costs for new medicines, and limited access to scientific and educational materials. Indeed, it is ironic that during a time of significant global liberalization of trade and investment barriers, the IPR system may be raising restrictions on access to the very technology flows that could substantiate the gains from greater trading opportunities.However, expansion of the global IPR regime also bears potential for economic gains. It is possible that the new system will encourage additional investments in R&D and innovation. The ongoing internationalization of commercial R&D could be accelerated. Such investments might increasingly meet the medical, agricultural, and educational needs of people in poor countries. The regime could also improve the mechanisms under which new information goods are transferred across borders, expanding the possibilities for fruitful di
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The International Law of Fisheries

A Framework for Policy-Oriented Inquiries

Author: Douglas M. Johnston

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9780898389029

Category: Law

Page: 554

View: 2068

Antarctica is the last, most inhospitable frontier on earth, yet it presents a great number of unresolved conflicts between nations, individuals, environmentalists, scientists & business groups. The International Law of Antarctica addresses the crucial question of how international law can respond to claims that will certainly shape tomorrow's Antarctica. The author adopts a policy-oriented approach & focuses on the primary issue of determining the effective norms by which the process of value shaping & sharing develops in Antarctica, & to what extent such norms satisfy the prevailing aspirations of the world community. Where discrepancies are significant policies are proposed that may better meet such aspirations, as well as methods for their implementation. Part I of this study describes the social, power, & legal processes relating to Antarctica; reviews the geographic, technological, economic, & historical context in which these processes evolve, & how their special features affect such processes; & finally postulates the basic community policies with reference to which the process of claims & decisions in Antarctica are analyzed. Part II focuses on national claims to Antarctica by reviewing claims relating to the modes to establish exclusive appropriation of the area. Part III is a detailed examination of specific claims to Antarctica resources: claims to mineral & living resources, & claims relating to space-extension resources, namely, Antarctica sea & air space. It is concluded by an appraisal of the congruence of the existing order of Antarctica with the postulated basic policies, critically reviewing proposals for a new order, & advancing long-term & more immediate alternatives.
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Casenote Legal Briefs

International law

Author: Casenotes,Casenote Legal Briefs

Publisher: Aspen Publishers Online

ISBN: 0735558337

Category: Law

Page: 109

View: 5969

After your casebook, Casenote Legal Briefs will be your most important reference source for the entire semester. It is the most popular legal briefs series available, with over 140 titles, and is relied on by thousands of students for its expert case summaries, comprehensive analysis of concurrences and dissents, as well as of the majority opinion in the briefs. Casenotes Features: Keyed to specific casebooks by title/author Most current briefs available Redesigned for greater student accessibility Sample briefwith element descriptions called out Redesigned chapter opener provides rule of law and page number for each brief Quick Course Outline chart included with major titles Revised glossary in dictionary format
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The Global Commons

An Introduction

Author: Susan J. Buck

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781559635516

Category: Law

Page: 225

View: 433

Susan J. Buck considers the history of human interactions with the global commons areas--Antarctica, the high seas and deep seabed minerals, the atmosphere, and space--and provides a concise yet thorough account of the evolution of management regimes for each use.
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The International Law of Occupation

Author: Eyal Benvenisti

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191639575

Category: Law

Page: 416

View: 3684

The law of occupation imposes two types of obligations on an army that seizes control of enemy land during armed conflict: obligations to respect and protect the inhabitants and their rights, and an obligation to respect the sovereign rights of the ousted government. In theory, the occupant is expected to establish an effective and impartial administration, to carefully balance its own interests against those of the inhabitants and their government, and to negotiate the occupation's early termination in a peace treaty. Although these expectations have been proven to be too high for most occupants, they nevertheless serve as yardsticks that measure the level of compliance of the occupants with international law. This thoroughly revised edition of the 1993 book traces the evolution of the law of occupation from its inception during the 18th century until today. It offers an assessment of the law by focusing on state practice of the various occupants and reactions thereto, and on the governing legal texts and judicial decisions. The underlying thought that informs and structures the book suggests that this body of laws has been shaped by changing conceptions about war and sovereignty, by the growing attention to human rights and the right to self-determination, as well as by changes in the balance of power among states. Because the law of occupation indirectly protects the sovereign, occupation law can be seen as the mirror-image of the law on sovereignty. Shifting perceptions on sovereign authority are therefore bound to be reflected also in the law of occupation, and vice-versa.
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The International Law of War

Transnational Coercion and World Public Order

Author: Myres Smith MacDougal,Florentino P. Feliciano

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9780792325840

Category: Law

Page: 872

View: 439

Trials.
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The Foundations of International Investment Law

Bringing Theory into Practice

Author: Zachary Douglas,Joost Pauwelyn,Jorge E. Viñuales

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191508586

Category: Law

Page: 586

View: 5673

International investment law is one of the fastest growing areas of international law. It has led to the signing of thousands of agreements, mostly in the form of investment contracts and bilateral investment treaties. Also, in the last two decades, there has been an exponential growth in the number of disputes being resolved by investment arbitration tribunals. Yet the legal principles at the basis of international investment law and arbitration remain in a state of flux. Perhaps the best illustration of this phenomenon is the wide disagreement among investment tribunals on some of the core concepts underpinning the regime, such as investment, property, regulatory powers, scope of jurisdiction, applicable law, or the interactions with other areas of international law. The purpose of this book is to revisit these conceptual foundations in order to shed light on the practice of international investment law. It is an attempt to bridge the growing gap between the theory and the practice of this thriving area of international law. The first part of the book focuses on the 'infrastructure' of the investment regime or, more specifically, on the structural arrangements that have been developed to manage foreign investment transactions and the potential disputes arising from them. The second part of the book identifies the common conceptual bases of an array of seemingly unconnected practical problems in order to clarify the main stakes and offer balanced solutions. The third part addresses the main sources of 'regime stress' as well as the main legal mechanisms available to manage such challenges to the operation of the regime. Overall, the book offers a thorough investigation of the conflicting theoretical positions underlying international investment law, testing their worth by reference to concrete issues that have arisen in the jurisprudence. It demonstrates that many of the most important practical questions arising in practice can be addressed by a carefully dosed resort to theory.
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