The International Law Commission's Articles on State Responsibility

Introduction, Text and Commentaries

Author: United Nations. International Law Commission,James Crawford

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521013895

Category: Law

Page: 387

View: 3613

In 2001 the International Law Commission completed its work on State responsibility, begun 40 years previously. The Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts marks a major step in the codification and progressive development of international law, comparable in significance to the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. The Articles cover such topics as attributing conduct to the State; defining when there has been a breach of international law and the excuses or justifications for breaches; reparation for injustices, the invocation of responsibility, especially standing of States in the public interest, and the rules relating to countermeasures. The Articles develop basic concepts of international law, in particular peremptory norms and obligations to the international community as a whole. They signal definitively how international law has moved away from a purely bilateral conception of responsibility to accommodate categories of general public interest (human rights, the environment etc.).
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State Responsibility

The General Part

Author: James Crawford

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521822661

Category: Law

Page: 825

View: 9346

Reviews the responsibility of states for acts contrary to international law and examines the connections between institutions, rules and practice.
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Multiple Nationality And International Law

Author: Alfred Michael Boll

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004148388

Category: Law

Page: 626

View: 6889

This book is a comprehensive overview of multiple nationality in international law, and contains a survey of current State practice covering over 75 countries. It examines the topic in light of the historical treatment of multiple nationality by States, international bodies and commentators, setting out the general trends in international law and relations that have influenced nationality. While the book's purpose is not to debate the merits of multiple nationality, but to present actual state practice, it does survey arguments for and against multiple nationality, and considers States' motivations in adopting a particular attitude toward the topic. As a reference work, the volume includes a detailed examination of the nature of nationality under international law and the concepts of nationality and citizenship under municipal law. The survey of State practice also constitutes a valuable resource for practitioners.
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The International Law Commission 1999-2009

Volume IV: Treaties, Final Draft Articles, and Other Materials

Author: Arthur Watts,Michael M. Wood,Arnold Pronto,Michael Wood,United Nations. International Law Commission

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199578974

Category: Law

Page: 928

View: 6215

This book contains the work of the United Nations International Law Commission (ILC) during the period 1999-2009, brining up to date the three-volume series on the work of the Commission edited by Sir Arthur Watts. Each text is accompanied by an introduction, a concise description of the negotiation process and a carefully selected bibliography.
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The International Law Commission 1949-1998: Volume One: The Treaties

Author: Arthur Watts,Nations Unies. Commission du droit international,United Nations Dept,United Nations. International Law Commission,United Nations

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198298038

Category: Law

Page: 2186

View: 1937

Contains summaries of the Commission's work on various topics and any resulting treaty texts, with notes.
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The International Law Commission's Draft Articles on State Responsibility

Part 1, Articles 1-35

Author: United Nations. International Law Commission

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9780792311799

Category: Law

Page: 380

View: 9295

This volume contains a consolidated reproduction of Part One (articles 1 to 35) of the Draft Article on State Responsibility and their important Commentaries, prepared by the International Law Commission in the period ending in 1980. These articles deal with the origin of international responsibility, including general principles, the act of State, breach of an international obligation, and circumstances precluding wrongfulness. They were drawn up on the basis of eight reports submitted by the Special Rapporteur, Professor, now Judge Roberto Ago. An introduction written by Shabtai Rosenne traces the history of the official codification of the topic of State Responsibility since the League of Nations first broached the matter in 1924. State Responsibility is central to the daily practice of international law, and its systematic treatment is central to the codification process. The International Law Commission is continuing work on the topic. In the meantime, the articles of Part One, now concentrated for the first time in a single volume, are the major starting point for this work. This volume will be of great value to practitioners, teachers and students of international law. Shabtai Rosenne was a member of the International Law Commission from 1962 to 1971, when the basic decisions regarding the approach to the current phase of the work were taken.
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The International Law of Responsibility for Economic Crimes

Holding State Officials Individually Liable for Acts of Fraudulent Enrichment

Author: Ndiva Kofele-Kale

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409496090

Category: Law

Page: 424

View: 3574

The problem of indigenous spoliation in developing countries is thoroughly explored in this second edition of The International Law of Responsibility for Economic Crimes. Substantially revised and updated to take account of recent legal and political developments, a case for indigenous spoliation as a violation of international law is persuasively made.
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Handbuch des völkerrechts

Auf grundlage europäischer staatspraxis ...

Author: Franz von Holtzendorff

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: International law

Page: N.A

View: 8225

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The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development

A Commentary

Author: Jorge E. Viñuales

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191510424

Category: Law

Page: 530

View: 7453

The international community has long grappled with the issue of safeguarding the environment and encouraging sustainable development, often with little result. The 1992 Rio Declaration on Environment and Development was an emphatic attempt to address this issue, setting down 27 key principles for the international community to follow. These principles define the rights of people to sustainable development, and the responsibilities of states to safeguard the common environment. The Rio Declaration established that long term economic progress required a connection to environmental protection. It was designed as an authoritative and comprehensive statement of the principles of sustainable development law, an instrument to take stock of the past international and domestic practice, a guide for the design of new multilateral environmental regimes, and as a reference for litigation. This commentary provides an authoritative and comprehensive overview of the principles of the Declaration, written by over thirty inter-disciplinary contributors, including both leading practitioners and academics. Each principle is analysed in light of its origins and rationale. The book investigates each principle's travaux préparatoires setting out the main points of controversy and the position of different countries or groups. It analyses the scope and dimensions of each principle, providing an in-depth understanding of its legal effects, including whether it can be relied before a domestic or international court. It also assesses the impact of the principles on subsequent soft law and treaty development, as well as domestic and international jurisprudence. The authors demonstrate the ways in which the principles interact with each other, and finally provide a detailed analysis of the shortcomings and future potential of each principle. This book will be of vital importance to practitioners, scholars, and students of international environomental law and sustainable development.
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The Foundations of International Investment Law

Bringing Theory into Practice

Author: Zachary Douglas,Joost Pauwelyn,Jorge E. Viñuales

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191508586

Category: Law

Page: 586

View: 1328

International investment law is one of the fastest growing areas of international law. It has led to the signing of thousands of agreements, mostly in the form of investment contracts and bilateral investment treaties. Also, in the last two decades, there has been an exponential growth in the number of disputes being resolved by investment arbitration tribunals. Yet the legal principles at the basis of international investment law and arbitration remain in a state of flux. Perhaps the best illustration of this phenomenon is the wide disagreement among investment tribunals on some of the core concepts underpinning the regime, such as investment, property, regulatory powers, scope of jurisdiction, applicable law, or the interactions with other areas of international law. The purpose of this book is to revisit these conceptual foundations in order to shed light on the practice of international investment law. It is an attempt to bridge the growing gap between the theory and the practice of this thriving area of international law. The first part of the book focuses on the 'infrastructure' of the investment regime or, more specifically, on the structural arrangements that have been developed to manage foreign investment transactions and the potential disputes arising from them. The second part of the book identifies the common conceptual bases of an array of seemingly unconnected practical problems in order to clarify the main stakes and offer balanced solutions. The third part addresses the main sources of 'regime stress' as well as the main legal mechanisms available to manage such challenges to the operation of the regime. Overall, the book offers a thorough investigation of the conflicting theoretical positions underlying international investment law, testing their worth by reference to concrete issues that have arisen in the jurisprudence. It demonstrates that many of the most important practical questions arising in practice can be addressed by a carefully dosed resort to theory.
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Law Express: International Law 2nd edn

Author: Stephen Allen

Publisher: Pearson UK

ISBN: 1292017988

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 9379

The Law Express series is designed to help you revise effectively. This book is your guide to understanding essential concepts, remembering and applying key legislation and making your answers stand out!
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International Law

Cases and Materials with Australian Perspectives

Author: Donald R. Rothwell,Stuart Kaye,Afshin Akhtarkhavari,Ruth Davis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139495003

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 4228

With a strong focus on Australian practice and interpretation of international law, this comprehensive cases and materials textbook will provide students with a contemporary understanding of an area of law that has seen major changes in recent years. Written by a team of pre-eminent experts, International Law: Cases and Materials with Australian Perspectives is unique in reflecting the Australian context, perspectives and values on international law. Each chapter covers a substantive area of the law with specialist topics on human rights, law of the sea, and international environmental law. Students will be able to readily identify the key principles, rules and distinctive learning points and will benefit from the clear exposition of state practice in the field, how it has contributed to the development of the law, and how Australian governments have viewed and interpreted international law.
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Principles of Shared Responsibility in International Law

An Appraisal of the State of the Art

Author: André Nollkaemper,Ilias Plakokefalos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316195384

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 6474

The Shared Responsibility in International Law series examines the underexplored problem of allocation of responsibilities among multiple states and other actors. The International Law Commission, in its work on state responsibility and the responsibility of international organisations, recognised that attribution of acts to one state or organisation does not exclude possible attribution of the same act to another state or organisation, but has provided limited guidance on allocation or reparation. From the new perspective of shared responsibility, this volume reviews the main principles of the law of international responsibility as laid down in the Articles on State Responsibility and the Articles on Responsibility of International Organizations, such as attribution of conduct, breach, circumstances precluding wrongfulness and reparation. It explores the potential and limitations of current international law in dealing with questions of shared responsibility in areas such as military operations and international environmental law.
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Statelessness

The Enigma of the International Community

Author: William E Conklin

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782253734

Category: Law

Page: 372

View: 4035

'Statelessness' is a legal status denoting lack of any nationality, a status whereby the otherwise normal link between an individual and a state is absent. The increasingly widespread problem of statelessness has profound legal, social, economic and psychological consequences but also gives rise to the paradox of an international community that claims universal standards for all natural persons while allowing its member states to allow statelessness to occur. In this powerfully argued book, Conklin critically evaluates traditional efforts to recognize and reduce statelessness. The problem, he argues, rests in the obligatory nature of law, domestic or international. By closely analysing a broad spectrum of court and tribunal judgments from many jurisdictions, Conklin explains how confusion has arisen between two discourses, the one discourse inside the other, as to the nature of the international community. One discourse, a surface discourse, describes a community in which international law justifies a state's freedom to confer, withdraw or withhold nationality. This international community incorporates state freedom over nationality matters, bringing about the de jure and effective stateless condition. The other discourse, an inner discourse, highlights a legal bond of socially experienced relationships. Such a bond, judicially referred to as 'effective nationality', is binding upon all states, and where such a bond exists, harm to a stateless person represents harm to the international community as a whole.
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Völkerrecht

Author: von Arnauld

Publisher: C.F. Müller GmbH

ISBN: 3811471422

Category: Law

Page: 610

View: 8261

Der Inhalt: Dieses Lehrbuch behandelt klar und einprägsam das Spektrum völkerrechtlicher Themen entsprechend dem Zuschnitt der Schwerpunktbereiche an den verschiedenen Juristischen Fakultäten. Es ist ein idealer Begleiter für das gesamte Schwerpunktstudium - von der ersten Beschäftigung mit der Materie über Hausarbeiten bis hin zur Vorbereitung auf abschließende Klausuren oder mündliche Prüfungen. Neben den allgemeinen Fragen des Völkerrechts werden zahlreiche Teilgebiete des Friedens- und des Konfliktvölkerrechts systematisch und vertieft dargestellt: Diplomatenrecht, Menschenrechte, Seerecht und Recht der Gemeinschaftsräume, Umwelt und Entwicklung, Wirtschaftsvölkerrecht, Friedenssicherungsrecht, Humanitäres Völkerrecht, Völkerstrafrecht. Anhand zahlreicher Fallbeispiele aus der Entscheidungspraxis sowie ausführlich dargestellter Fälle mit Lösungshinweisen werden Besonderheiten und Zusammenhänge veranschaulicht. Kontrollfragen am Ende jedes Kapitels dienen ebenso der Wiederholung wie eine didaktisch aufbereitete Kurzfassung zentraler Leitentscheidungen. Optimal ergänzt wird das Lehrbuch durch den „Klausurenkurs im Völkerrecht“ desselben Autors.
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The Arms Trade and International Law

Author: Zeray Yihdego

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847313930

Category: Law

Page: 380

View: 8793

Shortlisted for the 2008 Young Authors Inner Temple Book Prize There are believed to be about 700 million small arms and light weapons (SALW) in the world, often contributing to highly destabilising security and other concerns in international law. SALW are the primary source of violations and abuses of humanitarian and human rights principles by states, rebels, terrorists and criminals. Many consider them the real weapons of mass destruction of our time, causing about half a million deaths annually. The unrestricted international transfer of SALW by states (99 states and 1000 companies involved in manufacturing and supply) is one of the major contributory and aggravating factors of this crisis; another is the illicit traffic in small arms. This book deals with the proliferation of SALW and their unregulated trade and transfer across borders. It addresses questions of definition, manufacturing, trade/transfer, and issues relating to state responsibility. The primary focus is on conventional small arms, in particular military-style weapons. The book tackles the core and most divisive legal problem of whether or not the laws relating to arms control and relevant norms of international law provide substantive restrictions upon the transfer of small arms by states. The application of the norms of international peace and security, non-intervention, humanitarian and human rights laws, and evolved relevant customary rules of arms control relating to these norms are considered particularly carefully. Questions of application and enforcement of relevant rules and institutional responses to the problem are also examined. The UN began considering an arms trade treaty in 2006; the publication of the book at this critical moment in time will make a positive contribution towards shaping the debate and aims to further enhance understanding in an area where close analysis is required.
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Economic Globalisation and Human Rights

EIUC Studies on Human Rights and Democratization

Author: Wolfgang Benedek,Koen De Feyter,Fabrizio Marrella

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139465236

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 6886

Economic globalisation is one of the guiding paradigms of the twenty-first century. The challenge it implies for human rights is fundamental, and key questions have up to now received no satisfying answers. How can human rights protect human dignity when economic globalisation has an adverse impact on local living conditions? How should human rights evolve in response to a global economy in which non-statal actors are decisive forces? Economic Globalisation and Human Rights was originally published in 2007, and sets out to assess these and other questions to ensure that, as economic globalisation intensifies, human rights take up the central and crucial position that they deserve. Using a multidisciplinary methodology, leading scholars reflect on issues such as the need for global ethics, the localisation of human rights, the role of human rights in WTO law, and efforts to make international economic organisations more accountable and multinational corporations more socially responsible.
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Law and Practice of Investment Treaties

Standards of Treatment

Author: Andrew Paul Newcombe,Lluís Paradell

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041123512

Category: Political Science

Page: 614

View: 4385

The book focuses on the substantive protections accorded to investors and investments and on the variations among jurisdictions. Among the many specific issues and topics that arise in the course of the discussion are the following: - problems of transparency and conflict of interest; - the recent growth in IIAs between and among developing nations; - the effect of new model bilateral investment treaties (BITs); - the ability of non-disputing parties to participate in investor-state arbitration; - theories of the interaction of foreign direct investment (FDI) and BITs; - investor-state arbitration as an evasion of public regulatory authority; - the role of investment funds in international investment; - 'fork in the road' provisions; and - institutional versus ad hoc arbitration. International business and other investors will greatly appreciate the in-depth information and insightful guidance in this solidly useful book. It will also be welcomed by jurists and students as a significant milestone in the development of principles in a quickly growing field of practice that is still plagued with inconsistencies.
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Regional Protection of Human Rights

Author: Dinah Shelton

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199744742

Category: Political Science

Page: 1163

View: 6096

"Regional Protection of Human Rights : Documentary Supplements is the accompanying volume to Regional Protection of Human Rights. It contains primary source documents on human rights regulations in Europe, Africa, and the Americas. These include the European Court of Human Rights, the Charter of the Organization of American States, and the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights. Access to these documents enables the reader to further understand and apply them to ever-changing global situations."--Back cover.
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