The International Law Commission's Articles on State Responsibility

Introduction, Text and Commentaries

Author: United Nations. International Law Commission,James Crawford

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521013895

Category: Law

Page: 387

View: 2661

In 2001 the International Law Commission completed its work on State responsibility, begun 40 years previously. The Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts marks a major step in the codification and progressive development of international law, comparable in significance to the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. The Articles cover such topics as attributing conduct to the State; defining when there has been a breach of international law and the excuses or justifications for breaches; reparation for injustices, the invocation of responsibility, especially standing of States in the public interest, and the rules relating to countermeasures. The Articles develop basic concepts of international law, in particular peremptory norms and obligations to the international community as a whole. They signal definitively how international law has moved away from a purely bilateral conception of responsibility to accommodate categories of general public interest (human rights, the environment etc.).
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Völkerrecht und Landesrecht (Classic Reprint)

Author: Heinrich Triepel

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN: 9780365981916

Category: Law

Page: 470

View: 2130

Excerpt from Völkerrecht und Landesrecht Wenn wir nun von einem Verhältnisse zwischen Völker und Landesrecht sprechen, so setzen wir etwas als gegeben vor aus, wae keineswegs ausser Streit steht, und was, wenn es nicht angefochten wird, doch leider nur zu oft unbeachtet bleibt: dass es ein Völkerrecht giebt, und dass dieses Recht etwas ande res ist als Landesrecht. Gäbe es kein Völkerrecht, oder wäre das, was man etwa so nennt kein Gegensatz zum Landesrecht, so hätte unsere Frage keinen Sinn. Gewiss auch wenn man die Existenz eines vom Landesrechts verschiedenen Völker r e c h ts leugnet, wird man doch eine irgendwie beschafleno, meinethalben auf Moral oder Sitte beruhende Ordnung der äusseren Bezie hungen von Staat zu Staat niemals in Abrede stellen, und ganz müssig dürfte auch eine Untersuchung des Verhältnisses dieser Ordnung zum staatlichen Rechte nicht sein. Sie hätte indess gegenüber der allgemeinen Aufgabe, im Rechte den Niederschlag anderer, nicht rechtlicher Normen nachzuweisen die "fontes remotae des Rechts aufzndecken, keinen selbständigen Werth. Ebenso würde es zwar für den Fall, dass sich das Völkerrecht zum Landesrechts etwa nur verhalten sollte wie der Theil zum Ganzen, nicht ganz überflüssig sein, dem Verhältnisse dieses Theile zu anderen Theilen nachzugehen, z. B. Wie man die Beziehungen zwischen Privat und Strafrecht untersucht. Aber immerhin hätte dies eine untergeordnete Bedeutung im Vergleiche mit der Auf gabe, die Beziehungen zweier gesonderter Rechtskomplexe klarzustellen. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
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The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development

A Commentary

Author: Jorge E. Viñuales

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191510424

Category: Law

Page: 530

View: 4689

The international community has long grappled with the issue of safeguarding the environment and encouraging sustainable development, often with little result. The 1992 Rio Declaration on Environment and Development was an emphatic attempt to address this issue, setting down 27 key principles for the international community to follow. These principles define the rights of people to sustainable development, and the responsibilities of states to safeguard the common environment. The Rio Declaration established that long term economic progress required a connection to environmental protection. It was designed as an authoritative and comprehensive statement of the principles of sustainable development law, an instrument to take stock of the past international and domestic practice, a guide for the design of new multilateral environmental regimes, and as a reference for litigation. This commentary provides an authoritative and comprehensive overview of the principles of the Declaration, written by over thirty inter-disciplinary contributors, including both leading practitioners and academics. Each principle is analysed in light of its origins and rationale. The book investigates each principle's travaux préparatoires setting out the main points of controversy and the position of different countries or groups. It analyses the scope and dimensions of each principle, providing an in-depth understanding of its legal effects, including whether it can be relied before a domestic or international court. It also assesses the impact of the principles on subsequent soft law and treaty development, as well as domestic and international jurisprudence. The authors demonstrate the ways in which the principles interact with each other, and finally provide a detailed analysis of the shortcomings and future potential of each principle. This book will be of vital importance to practitioners, scholars, and students of international environomental law and sustainable development.
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The International Law of Responsibility for Economic Crimes

Holding State Officials Individually Liable for Acts of Fraudulent Enrichment

Author: Ndiva Kofele-Kale

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409496090

Category: Law

Page: 424

View: 7816

The problem of indigenous spoliation in developing countries is thoroughly explored in this second edition of The International Law of Responsibility for Economic Crimes. Substantially revised and updated to take account of recent legal and political developments, a case for indigenous spoliation as a violation of international law is persuasively made.
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The Foundations of International Investment Law

Bringing Theory into Practice

Author: Zachary Douglas,Joost Pauwelyn,Jorge E. Viñuales

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191508586

Category: Law

Page: 586

View: 6424

International investment law is one of the fastest growing areas of international law. It has led to the signing of thousands of agreements, mostly in the form of investment contracts and bilateral investment treaties. Also, in the last two decades, there has been an exponential growth in the number of disputes being resolved by investment arbitration tribunals. Yet the legal principles at the basis of international investment law and arbitration remain in a state of flux. Perhaps the best illustration of this phenomenon is the wide disagreement among investment tribunals on some of the core concepts underpinning the regime, such as investment, property, regulatory powers, scope of jurisdiction, applicable law, or the interactions with other areas of international law. The purpose of this book is to revisit these conceptual foundations in order to shed light on the practice of international investment law. It is an attempt to bridge the growing gap between the theory and the practice of this thriving area of international law. The first part of the book focuses on the 'infrastructure' of the investment regime or, more specifically, on the structural arrangements that have been developed to manage foreign investment transactions and the potential disputes arising from them. The second part of the book identifies the common conceptual bases of an array of seemingly unconnected practical problems in order to clarify the main stakes and offer balanced solutions. The third part addresses the main sources of 'regime stress' as well as the main legal mechanisms available to manage such challenges to the operation of the regime. Overall, the book offers a thorough investigation of the conflicting theoretical positions underlying international investment law, testing their worth by reference to concrete issues that have arisen in the jurisprudence. It demonstrates that many of the most important practical questions arising in practice can be addressed by a carefully dosed resort to theory.
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Law Express: International Law 2nd edn

Author: Stephen Allen

Publisher: Pearson UK

ISBN: 1292017988

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 9605

The Law Express series is designed to help you revise effectively. This book is your guide to understanding essential concepts, remembering and applying key legislation and making your answers stand out!
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International Law

Cases and Materials with Australian Perspectives

Author: Donald R. Rothwell,Stuart Kaye,Afshin Akhtarkhavari,Ruth Davis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139495003

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 9228

With a strong focus on Australian practice and interpretation of international law, this comprehensive cases and materials textbook will provide students with a contemporary understanding of an area of law that has seen major changes in recent years. Written by a team of pre-eminent experts, International Law: Cases and Materials with Australian Perspectives is unique in reflecting the Australian context, perspectives and values on international law. Each chapter covers a substantive area of the law with specialist topics on human rights, law of the sea, and international environmental law. Students will be able to readily identify the key principles, rules and distinctive learning points and will benefit from the clear exposition of state practice in the field, how it has contributed to the development of the law, and how Australian governments have viewed and interpreted international law.
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The International Law Commission 1949-1998: Volume One: The Treaties

Author: Arthur Watts

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198298038

Category: Law

Page: 624

View: 5875

This is the first of a three volume set, the publication of which will mark the fiftieth anniversary of the International Law Commission, the UN body principally responsible for the codification and development of international law. Together, the three volumes will collect the full texts of the Commission's final draft Articles and Commentaries, and other final reports, on all the topics on which it has completed work during its first fifty years, up to and including 1998. They will also contain the texts of all the treaties which have been concluded on the basis of the Commission's draft Articles.
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Principles of Shared Responsibility in International Law

An Appraisal of the State of the Art

Author: André Nollkaemper,Ilias Plakokefalos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316195384

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 509

The Shared Responsibility in International Law series examines the underexplored problem of allocation of responsibilities among multiple states and other actors. The International Law Commission, in its work on state responsibility and the responsibility of international organisations, recognised that attribution of acts to one state or organisation does not exclude possible attribution of the same act to another state or organisation, but has provided limited guidance on allocation or reparation. From the new perspective of shared responsibility, this volume reviews the main principles of the law of international responsibility as laid down in the Articles on State Responsibility and the Articles on Responsibility of International Organizations, such as attribution of conduct, breach, circumstances precluding wrongfulness and reparation. It explores the potential and limitations of current international law in dealing with questions of shared responsibility in areas such as military operations and international environmental law.
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Völkerrecht

Author: von Arnauld

Publisher: C.F. Müller GmbH

ISBN: 3811471422

Category: Law

Page: 610

View: 377

Der Inhalt: Dieses Lehrbuch behandelt klar und einprägsam das Spektrum völkerrechtlicher Themen entsprechend dem Zuschnitt der Schwerpunktbereiche an den verschiedenen Juristischen Fakultäten. Es ist ein idealer Begleiter für das gesamte Schwerpunktstudium - von der ersten Beschäftigung mit der Materie über Hausarbeiten bis hin zur Vorbereitung auf abschließende Klausuren oder mündliche Prüfungen. Neben den allgemeinen Fragen des Völkerrechts werden zahlreiche Teilgebiete des Friedens- und des Konfliktvölkerrechts systematisch und vertieft dargestellt: Diplomatenrecht, Menschenrechte, Seerecht und Recht der Gemeinschaftsräume, Umwelt und Entwicklung, Wirtschaftsvölkerrecht, Friedenssicherungsrecht, Humanitäres Völkerrecht, Völkerstrafrecht. Anhand zahlreicher Fallbeispiele aus der Entscheidungspraxis sowie ausführlich dargestellter Fälle mit Lösungshinweisen werden Besonderheiten und Zusammenhänge veranschaulicht. Kontrollfragen am Ende jedes Kapitels dienen ebenso der Wiederholung wie eine didaktisch aufbereitete Kurzfassung zentraler Leitentscheidungen. Optimal ergänzt wird das Lehrbuch durch den „Klausurenkurs im Völkerrecht“ desselben Autors.
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Statelessness

The Enigma of the International Community

Author: William Conklin

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782253734

Category: Law

Page: 372

View: 6932

'Statelessness' is a legal status denoting lack of any nationality, a status whereby the otherwise normal link between an individual and a state is absent. The increasingly widespread problem of statelessness has profound legal, social, economic and psychological consequences but also gives rise to the paradox of an international community that claims universal standards for all natural persons while allowing its member states to allow statelessness to occur. In this powerfully argued book, Conklin critically evaluates traditional efforts to recognize and reduce statelessness. The problem, he argues, rests in the obligatory nature of law, domestic or international. By closely analysing a broad spectrum of court and tribunal judgments from many jurisdictions, Conklin explains how confusion has arisen between two discourses, the one discourse inside the other, as to the nature of the international community. One discourse, a surface discourse, describes a community in which international law justifies a state's freedom to confer, withdraw or withhold nationality. This international community incorporates state freedom over nationality matters, bringing about the de jure and effective stateless condition. The other discourse, an inner discourse, highlights a legal bond of socially experienced relationships. Such a bond, judicially referred to as 'effective nationality', is binding upon all states, and where such a bond exists, harm to a stateless person represents harm to the international community as a whole.
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State Responsibility

The General Part

Author: James Crawford

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107276365

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 2423

Annexed to GA Resolution 56/83 of 2001, the International Law Commission's Articles on Responsibility for Internationally Wrongful Acts put the international law of responsibility on a sound footing. As Special Rapporteur for the second reading, James Crawford helped steer it to a successful conclusion. With this book, he provides a detailed analysis of the general law of international responsibility and the place of state responsibility in particular within that framework. It serves as a companion to The International Law Commission's Articles on State Responsibility: Introduction, Text and Commentaries (Cambridge University Press, 2002) and is essential reading for scholars and practitioners concerned with issues of international responsibility, whether they arise in interstate relations, in the context of arbitration or litigation, or in bringing international claims.
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The Arms Trade and International Law

Author: Zeray Yihdego

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847313930

Category: Law

Page: 380

View: 2835

Shortlisted for the 2008 Young Authors Inner Temple Book Prize There are believed to be about 700 million small arms and light weapons (SALW) in the world, often contributing to highly destabilising security and other concerns in international law. SALW are the primary source of violations and abuses of humanitarian and human rights principles by states, rebels, terrorists and criminals. Many consider them the real weapons of mass destruction of our time, causing about half a million deaths annually. The unrestricted international transfer of SALW by states (99 states and 1000 companies involved in manufacturing and supply) is one of the major contributory and aggravating factors of this crisis; another is the illicit traffic in small arms. This book deals with the proliferation of SALW and their unregulated trade and transfer across borders. It addresses questions of definition, manufacturing, trade/transfer, and issues relating to state responsibility. The primary focus is on conventional small arms, in particular military-style weapons. The book tackles the core and most divisive legal problem of whether or not the laws relating to arms control and relevant norms of international law provide substantive restrictions upon the transfer of small arms by states. The application of the norms of international peace and security, non-intervention, humanitarian and human rights laws, and evolved relevant customary rules of arms control relating to these norms are considered particularly carefully. Questions of application and enforcement of relevant rules and institutional responses to the problem are also examined. The UN began considering an arms trade treaty in 2006; the publication of the book at this critical moment in time will make a positive contribution towards shaping the debate and aims to further enhance understanding in an area where close analysis is required.
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Economic Globalisation and Human Rights

EIUC Studies on Human Rights and Democratization

Author: Wolfgang Benedek,Koen De Feyter,Fabrizio Marrella

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139465236

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7055

Economic globalisation is one of the guiding paradigms of the twenty-first century. The challenge it implies for human rights is fundamental, and key questions have up to now received no satisfying answers. How can human rights protect human dignity when economic globalisation has an adverse impact on local living conditions? How should human rights evolve in response to a global economy in which non-statal actors are decisive forces? Economic Globalisation and Human Rights was originally published in 2007, and sets out to assess these and other questions to ensure that, as economic globalisation intensifies, human rights take up the central and crucial position that they deserve. Using a multidisciplinary methodology, leading scholars reflect on issues such as the need for global ethics, the localisation of human rights, the role of human rights in WTO law, and efforts to make international economic organisations more accountable and multinational corporations more socially responsible.
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Law and Practice of Investment Treaties

Standards of Treatment

Author: Andrew Paul Newcombe,Lluís Paradell

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041123512

Category: Political Science

Page: 614

View: 8273

The book focuses on the substantive protections accorded to investors and investments and on the variations among jurisdictions. Among the many specific issues and topics that arise in the course of the discussion are the following: - problems of transparency and conflict of interest; - the recent growth in IIAs between and among developing nations; - the effect of new model bilateral investment treaties (BITs); - the ability of non-disputing parties to participate in investor-state arbitration; - theories of the interaction of foreign direct investment (FDI) and BITs; - investor-state arbitration as an evasion of public regulatory authority; - the role of investment funds in international investment; - 'fork in the road' provisions; and - institutional versus ad hoc arbitration. International business and other investors will greatly appreciate the in-depth information and insightful guidance in this solidly useful book. It will also be welcomed by jurists and students as a significant milestone in the development of principles in a quickly growing field of practice that is still plagued with inconsistencies.
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The International Law Commission 1949-1998: Volume Two: The Treaties

Author: Arthur Watts,Arnold Pronto,United Nations. International Law Commission,Michael Wood

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198298045

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1052

View: 8199

Contains summaries of the Commission's work on various topics and any resulting treaty texts, with notes.
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Enforcing International Law

From Self-help to Self-contained Regimes

Author: Dr Math Noortmann

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409493156

Category: Law

Page: 204

View: 4957

Until recently, the fundamental link between two basic concepts in international law, namely the right to self-help and the obligation to settle disputes by peaceful means, has been neglected in doctrine and practice. The main issue is that international law traditionally recognizes the right of states to safeguard their own rights by resorting to countermeasures as well as the obligation to settle their disputes by accepted and recognized diplomatic and judicial procedures. Both concepts are based on their own merits, which are assumed to be valid in contemporary international law. It is the primary purpose of this study to determine which rules and principles govern the relationship between the two concepts. The book's major findings arise from an analysis of scholarly work, supported by examples from five different case studies. Drawing insights from legal as well as political science, it will be a valuable resource for students, academics and policy makers in international law, international relations and related areas.
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Regional Protection of Human Rights

Author: Dinah Shelton

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199744742

Category: Political Science

Page: 1163

View: 8266

"Regional Protection of Human Rights : Documentary Supplements is the accompanying volume to Regional Protection of Human Rights. It contains primary source documents on human rights regulations in Europe, Africa, and the Americas. These include the European Court of Human Rights, the Charter of the Organization of American States, and the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights. Access to these documents enables the reader to further understand and apply them to ever-changing global situations."--Back cover.
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