The ICJ and the Evolution of International Law

The Enduring Impact of the Corfu Channel Case

Author: Karine Bannelier,Théodore Christakis,Sarah Heathcote

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136619305

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 9029

In 1949 the International Court of Justice (ICJ) handed down its first judgment in the Corfu Channel Case. In diffusing an early Cold War dispute, the Court articulated a set of legal principles which continue to shape our appreciation of the international legal order. Many of the issues dealt with by the Court in 1949 remain central questions of international law, including due diligence, forcible intervention and self-help, maritime operations, navigation in international straits and the concept of elementary considerations of humanity. The Court’s decision has been cited on numerous occasions in subsequent international litigation. Indeed, the relevance of this judgment goes far beyond the subject matter dealt with by the Court in 1949, extending to pressing problems such as trans-boundary pollution, terrorism and piracy. In short, it was and remains a thoroughly modern decision — a landmark for international law; and one which today warrants reconsideration. Taking a critical approach, this book examines the decision’s influence on international law generally and on some fields of international law like the law of the sea and the law of international responsibility specifically. The book collects the commentary of a distinguished set of international law scholars, including four well-known international judges. The contributors consider not only the history of the Corfu Channel Judgment and its contribution to the development of international law, but also its resonance in many contemporary issues in the field of international law. This book will be of particular interest to academics and students of International Law, International Relations and Legal History
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The Development of International Law by the International Court of Justice

Author: Christian J. Tams,James Sloan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199653216

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 9831

This book assesses the impact that pronouncements by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) have had on international law. It provides a comprehensive overview of the role of the ICJ in the contemporary law-making process.
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The International Court of Justice and the Effectiveness of International Law

Author: Philippe Couvreur

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004328866

Category: Law

Page: 278

View: 2900

The International Court of Justice and the Effectiveness of International Law, by Philippe Couvreur, Registrar of the ICJ, offers an account of the history and main achievements of the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, the only court with universal and general jurisdiction.
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The Evolution of Sustainable Development in International Law: Inception, Meaning and Status

Author: Nico J. Schrijver

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004174079

Category: Law

Page: 265

View: 9465

In a remarkably short time "sustainable development" has become firmly established in international law. The World Commission on Environment and Development concisely defined this concept as: "development that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs". This definition combines inter-generational equity with an awareness of the finite capacity of the earth and its natural resources. This book brings together a collection of lectures given at the Hague Academy of International Law. The aim of the book is threefold: firstly, to review the genesis, clarify the meaning and assess the status of sustainable development within international law; secondly, to examine the legal principles that have emerged in the pursuit of sustainable development; and finally, to assess to what extent the current state of law demonstrates a balance between and integration of all relevant fields of international law as urged by the Rio, Johannesburg and World Summit documents.
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Developments in Customary International Law

Theory and the Practice of the International Court of Justice and the International ad hoc Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda and Yugoslavia

Author: Birgit Schlütter

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9047431154

Category: Law

Page: 408

View: 3097

Building on an empirical analysis of the jurisprudence of the International Court of Justice and the two ad hoc tribunals for ex-Yugoslavia and Rwanda, this book sheds new light on the development of custom as a source of international (criminal) law.
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The International Court of Justice and the Judicial Function

Author: Gleider I Hernández

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191502561

Category: Law

Page: 368

View: 4729

This book evaluates the concept of the function of law through the prism of the International Court of Justice. It goes beyond a conventional analysis of the Court's case law and applicable law, to consider the compromise between supranational order and state sovereignty that lies at the heart of its institutional design. It argues that this compromise prevents the Court from playing a progressive role in the development of international law. Instead, it influences the international legal order in more subtle ways, in particular, in shaping understanding of the nature or form of the international legal order as a whole. The book concludes that the role of the Court is not to advance some universal conception of international law but rather to decide the cases before it in the best possible way within its institutional limits, while remaining aware of law's deeper theoretical foundations. The book considers three key elements: firstly, it examines the historical aspects of the Court's constitutive Statute, and the manner in which it defines its judicial character. Secondly, it considers the drafting process, the function of a dissenting opinion, and the role of the individual judge, in an attempt to discern insights on the function of the Court. Finally, the book examines the Court's practice in regard to three conceptual issues which assist in understanding the Court's function: its theory of precedent; its definition of the 'international community'; and its theory on the completeness of the international legal order.
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The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations

Author: Thomas G. Weiss,Sam Daws

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192524658

Category: Political Science

Page: 816

View: 2181

This Handbook provides in one volume an authoritative and independent treatment of the UN's seventy-year history, written by an international cast of more than 50 distinguished scholars, analysts, and practitioners. It provides a clear and penetrating examination of the UN's development since 1945 and the challenges and opportunities now facing the organization. It assesses the implications for the UN of rapid changes in the world - from technological innovation to shifting foreign policy priorities - and the UN's future place in a changing multilateral landscape. Citations and additional readings contain a wealth of primary and secondary references to the history, politics, and law of the world organization. This key reference also contains appendices of the UN Charter, the Statute of the International Court of Justice, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
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Counterclaims before the International Court of Justice

Author: Constantine Antonopoulos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789067047906

Category: Law

Page: 177

View: 4904

Counterclaims, the right of a State sued by another State to bring its own counter-suit in the course of the same trial, may offer an opportunity to mitigate the effects of the original suit and help to resolve disputes between States that have more than one aspect. In recent years, counterclaims have been frequently presented at the International Court of Justice (ICJ). This book examines the counterclaims presented at the ICJ and at its predecessor, the Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ), during its 65 years of existence. It is the first study that focuses exclusively on the subject of counterclaims. It analyses the evolution of the germane provisions in the PCIJ and ICJ Rules of Procedure and the practice of the Court, especially in light of the relevant case-law of the ICJ. A useful source for academics and practitioners in International law.
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The Individual in the International Legal System

Continuity and Change in International Law

Author: Kate Parlett

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139499971

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 2721

Kate Parlett's study of the individual in the international legal system examines the way in which individuals have come to have a certain status in international law, from the first treaties conferring rights and capacities on individuals through to the present day. The analysis cuts across fields including human rights law, international investment law, international claims processes, humanitarian law and international criminal law in order to draw conclusions about structural change in the international legal system. By engaging with much new literature on non-state actors in international law, she seeks to dispel myths about state-centrism and the direction in which the international legal system continues to evolve.
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The Oxford Handbook of the Use of Force in International Law

Author: Marc Weller

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191653918

Category: Law

Page: 1328

View: 1405

The prohibition of the use of force in international law is one of the major achievements of international law in the past century. The attempt to outlaw war as a means of national policy and to establish a system of collective security after both World Wars resulted in the creation of the United Nations Charter, which remains a principal point of reference for the law on the use of force to this day. There have, however, been considerable challenges to the law on the prohibition of the use of force over the past two decades. This Oxford Handbook is a comprehensive and authoritative study of the modern law on the use of force. Over seventy experts in the field offer a detailed analysis, and to an extent a restatement, of the law in this area. The Handbook reviews the status of the law on the use of force, and assesses what changes, if any, have occurred in consequence to recent developments. It offers cutting-edge and up-to-date scholarship on all major aspects of the prohibition of the use of force. The work is set in context by an extensive introductory section, reviewing the history of the subject, recent challenges, and addressing major conceptual approaches. Its second part addresses collective security, in particular the law and practice of the United Nations organs, and of regional organizations and arrangements. It then considers the substance of the prohibition of the use of force, and of the right to self-defence and associated doctrines. The next section is devoted to armed action undertaken on behalf of peoples and populations. This includes self-determination conflicts, resistance to armed occupation, and forcible humanitarian and pro-democratic action. The possibility of the revival of classical, expansive justifications for the use of force is then addressed. This is matched by a final section considering new security challenges and the emerging law in relation to them. Finally, the key arguments developed in the book are tied together in a substantive conclusion. The Handbook will be essential reading for scholars and students of international law and the use of force, and legal advisers to both government and NGOs.
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Sustainable Development Principles in the Decisions of International Courts and Tribunals

1992-2012

Author: Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger,Judge C.G. Weeramantry

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317670000

Category: Law

Page: 884

View: 2360

The 2002 New Delhi Declaration of Principles of International Law relating to Sustainable Development set out seven principles on sustainable development, as agreed in treaties and soft-law instruments from before the 1992 Rio ‘Earth Summit’ UNCED, to the 2002 Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development, to the 2012 Rio UNCSD. Recognition of the New Delhi principles is shaping the decisions of dispute settlement bodies with jurisdiction over many subjects: the environment, human rights, trade, investment, and crime, among others. This book explores the expanding international jurisprudence incorporating principles of international law on sustainable development. Through chapters by respected experts, the volume documents the application and interpretation of these principles, demonstrating how courts and tribunals are contributing to the world’s Sustainable Development Goals, by peacefully resolving disputes. It charts the evolution of these principles in international law from soft law standards towards recognition as customary law in certain instances, assessing key challenges to further judicial consideration of the principles, and discussing, for instance, how their relevance for compliance and disputes related to the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change. The volume provides a unique contribution of great interest to law and policy-makers, judges, academics, students, civil society and practitioners concerned with sustainable development and the law, globally.
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Themes and Theories

Selected Essays, Speeches, and Writings in International Law

Author: Rosalyn Higgins

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: International law

Page: 1421

View: 7691

As President of the International Court of Justice, Dame Rosalyn Higgins is the world's most senior judge. This two volume set collects together all of her most important writings as a scholar, a member of the UN Human Rights Committee, and as judge and President of the International Court of Justice. During these years Dame Rosalyn has written on a wide range of topics including legal theory, United Nations Law, humanitarian law, the use of force, state and diplomatic immunities, human rights, and natural resources law. As President and Judge of the International Court of Justice, Dame Rosalyn has played her part in the formulation of the Judgments and Opinions of the principal judicial organ of the UN. She has sought to ensure the ICJ - the senior international court - operates in a modern and efficient manner, and in cordial relationship with the many new courts and tribunals now existing. These aspirations are reflected in her speeches during the years 2006 to 2008, most of which have not hitherto been published. This volume boasts a comprehensive collection of all her Separate Opinions, amongst other writings, divided into ten Parts by subject matter. This includes specially written introductory passages by Dame Rosalyn to present the catalogue of her writings and the correlative developments in international law by theme.
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Complicity in International Law

Author: Miles Jackson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191056758

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 8495

This book examines how international law prohibits state and individual complicity. Complicity is a derivative form of responsibility that links an accomplice to the wrongdoing of a principal actor. Whenever a legal system prohibits complicity, it must address certain questions as to the content and structure of the rules. To understand how international law answers these questions, this book proposes an analytical framework in which complicity rules may be assessed and defends a normative claim as to how they should be structured. Anchored by this framework and normative claim, this book shows that international criminal law regulates individual complicity in a comprehensive way, using the doctrines of instigation and aiding and abetting to inculpate complicit participants in international crimes. By contrast, international law's regulation of state complicity was historically marked by an absence of complicity rules. This is changing. In respect of state complicity in the wrongdoing of another state, international law now imposes both specific and general complicity obligations, the latter prohibiting states from aiding or assisting another state in the commission of any internationally wrongful act. In respect of the ways that states participate in harms caused by non-state actors, the traditional normative structure of international law, which imposed obligations only on states, foreclosed the possibility of prohibiting the state's participation as a form of complicity. As that traditional normative structure has evolved, so the possibility of holding states responsible for complicity in the wrongdoing of non-state actors has emerged. More and more, both the wrongs that international actors commit, and the wrongs they help or encourage others to commit, matter.
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The Role of the International Court of Justice As the Principal Judicial Organ of the United Nations

Author: Mohamed Sameh M. Amr

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041120267

Category: Political Science

Page: 447

View: 2270

This volume provides both the student and practitioner of international law and relations with a comprehensive evaluation of important but hitherto neglected aspects of the work of the World Court. It concludes with practical suggestions on how to develop the Court's role.
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The Chagos Islanders and International Law

Author: Stephen Allen

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782254757

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 1360

In 1965, the UK excised the Chagos Islands from the colony of Mauritius to create the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) in connection with the founding of a US military facility on the island of Diego Garcia. Consequently, the inhabitants of the Chagos Islands were secretly exiled to Mauritius, where they became chronically impoverished. This book considers the resonance of international law for the Chagos Islanders. It advances the argument that BIOT constitutes a 'Non-Self-Governing Territory' pursuant to the provisions of Chapter XI of the UN Charter and for the wider purposes of international law. In addition, the book explores the extent to which the right of self-determination, indigenous land rights and a range of obligations contained in applicable human rights treaties could support the Chagossian right to return to BIOT. However, the rights of the Chagos Islanders are premised on the assumption that the UK possesses a valid sovereignty claim over BIOT. The evidence suggests that this claim is questionable and it is disputed by Mauritius. Consequently, the Mauritian claim threatens to compromise the entitlements of the Chagos Islanders in respect of BIOT as a matter of international law. This book illustrates the ongoing problems arising from international law's endorsement of the territorial integrity of colonial units for the purpose of decolonisation at the expense of the countervailing claims of colonial self-determination by non-European peoples that inhabited the same colonial unit. The book uses the competing claims to the Chagos Islands to demonstrate the need for a more nuanced approach to the resolution of sovereignty disputes resulting from the legacy of European colonialism.
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Custom, Power and the Power of Rules

International Relations and Customary International Law

Author: Michael Byers

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521634083

Category: Law

Page: 250

View: 574

This book explains the most foundational aspect of international law in international relations terms.
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The Development and Effectiveness of International Administrative Law

On the Occasion of the Thirtieth Anniversary of the World Bank Administrative Tribunal

Author: Olufemi Elias

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004194703

Category: Law

Page: 418

View: 3525

This book contains essays addressing issues including: the role of international administrative law in the governance of international organizations, the contribution of international administrative tribunals, and problems of effectiveness and legitimacy in the design and operation of the institutions of international administrative law.
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The United Nations

Law and Practice

Author: Franz Cede,Lilly Sucharipa-Behrmann

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041115638

Category: Political Science

Page: 372

View: 5910

The political changes in the world have profoundly altered the United Nations. This new book is one of the first to describe the structure of the world organization in the present context of international relations. "The United Nations: Law and Practice" is a no-nonsense book, concise, informative and up-to-date. In their respective careers as diplomats or academics, all authors combine vast practical and theoretical experience in dealing with the UN.
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