The ICJ and the Evolution of International Law

The Enduring Impact of the Corfu Channel Case

Author: Karine Bannelier,Théodore Christakis,Sarah Heathcote

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136619305

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 2759

In 1949 the International Court of Justice (ICJ) handed down its first judgment in the Corfu Channel Case. In diffusing an early Cold War dispute, the Court articulated a set of legal principles which continue to shape our appreciation of the international legal order. Many of the issues dealt with by the Court in 1949 remain central questions of international law, including due diligence, forcible intervention and self-help, maritime operations, navigation in international straits and the concept of elementary considerations of humanity. The Court’s decision has been cited on numerous occasions in subsequent international litigation. Indeed, the relevance of this judgment goes far beyond the subject matter dealt with by the Court in 1949, extending to pressing problems such as trans-boundary pollution, terrorism and piracy. In short, it was and remains a thoroughly modern decision — a landmark for international law; and one which today warrants reconsideration. Taking a critical approach, this book examines the decision’s influence on international law generally and on some fields of international law like the law of the sea and the law of international responsibility specifically. The book collects the commentary of a distinguished set of international law scholars, including four well-known international judges. The contributors consider not only the history of the Corfu Channel Judgment and its contribution to the development of international law, but also its resonance in many contemporary issues in the field of international law. This book will be of particular interest to academics and students of International Law, International Relations and Legal History
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The Development of International Law by the International Court of Justice

Author: Christian J. Tams,James Sloan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199653216

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 1661

This book assesses the impact that pronouncements by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) have had on international law. It provides a comprehensive overview of the role of the ICJ in the contemporary law-making process.
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Counterclaims before the International Court of Justice

Author: Constantine Antonopoulos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789067047906

Category: Law

Page: 177

View: 6880

Counterclaims, the right of a State sued by another State to bring its own counter-suit in the course of the same trial, may offer an opportunity to mitigate the effects of the original suit and help to resolve disputes between States that have more than one aspect. In recent years, counterclaims have been frequently presented at the International Court of Justice (ICJ). This book examines the counterclaims presented at the ICJ and at its predecessor, the Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ), during its 65 years of existence. It is the first study that focuses exclusively on the subject of counterclaims. It analyses the evolution of the germane provisions in the PCIJ and ICJ Rules of Procedure and the practice of the Court, especially in light of the relevant case-law of the ICJ. A useful source for academics and practitioners in International law.
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Sustainable Development Principles in the Decisions of International Courts and Tribunals

1992-2012

Author: Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger,Judge C.G. Weeramantry

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317670000

Category: Law

Page: 884

View: 5789

The 2002 New Delhi Declaration of Principles of International Law relating to Sustainable Development set out seven principles on sustainable development, as agreed in treaties and soft-law instruments from before the 1992 Rio ‘Earth Summit’ UNCED, to the 2002 Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development, to the 2012 Rio UNCSD. Recognition of the New Delhi principles is shaping the decisions of dispute settlement bodies with jurisdiction over many subjects: the environment, human rights, trade, investment, and crime, among others. This book explores the expanding international jurisprudence incorporating principles of international law on sustainable development. Through chapters by respected experts, the volume documents the application and interpretation of these principles, demonstrating how courts and tribunals are contributing to the world’s Sustainable Development Goals, by peacefully resolving disputes. It charts the evolution of these principles in international law from soft law standards towards recognition as customary law in certain instances, assessing key challenges to further judicial consideration of the principles, and discussing, for instance, how their relevance for compliance and disputes related to the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change. The volume provides a unique contribution of great interest to law and policy-makers, judges, academics, students, civil society and practitioners concerned with sustainable development and the law, globally.
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Complicity in International Law

Author: Miles Jackson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191056758

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 2256

This book examines how international law prohibits state and individual complicity. Complicity is a derivative form of responsibility that links an accomplice to the wrongdoing of a principal actor. Whenever a legal system prohibits complicity, it must address certain questions as to the content and structure of the rules. To understand how international law answers these questions, this book proposes an analytical framework in which complicity rules may be assessed and defends a normative claim as to how they should be structured. Anchored by this framework and normative claim, this book shows that international criminal law regulates individual complicity in a comprehensive way, using the doctrines of instigation and aiding and abetting to inculpate complicit participants in international crimes. By contrast, international law's regulation of state complicity was historically marked by an absence of complicity rules. This is changing. In respect of state complicity in the wrongdoing of another state, international law now imposes both specific and general complicity obligations, the latter prohibiting states from aiding or assisting another state in the commission of any internationally wrongful act. In respect of the ways that states participate in harms caused by non-state actors, the traditional normative structure of international law, which imposed obligations only on states, foreclosed the possibility of prohibiting the state's participation as a form of complicity. As that traditional normative structure has evolved, so the possibility of holding states responsible for complicity in the wrongdoing of non-state actors has emerged. More and more, both the wrongs that international actors commit, and the wrongs they help or encourage others to commit, matter.
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Digest of International Cases on the Law of the Sea

Author: United Nations. Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211337594

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 5464

This publication contains summaries of 33 cases dating from the late nineteenth century to the present which have been selected because they give an insight into the evolution of the law of the sea and the range of issues involved in this important aspect of international law. The cases selected include judgements given by the Permanent Court of International Justice, the Central American Court of Justice, the International Court of Justice and the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, as well as awards rendered by arbitral tribunals and a special commission.
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The United Nations Convention on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and Their Property

A Commentary

Author: Roger O'Keefe,Christian J. Tams

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019163221X

Category: Law

Page: 512

View: 744

State immunity, the idea that a state, including its individual organs, officials and other emanations, may not be proceeded against in the courts of another state in certain instances, has long been and remains a source of international controversy. Although customary international law no longer recognizes the absolute immunity of states from foreign judicial process, the evolution of the contemporary notion of restrictive state immunity over the past fifty years has been an uncoordinated and contested process, leading to disputes between states. The adoption, in 2004, of the United Nations Convention on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and Their Property has significantly contributed to reaching consensus among states on this fundamental question of international law. This book provides article-by-article commentary on the text of the Convention, complemented by a small number of cross-cutting chapters highlighting general issues beyond the scope of any single provision, such as the theoretical underpinnings of state immunity, the distinction between immunity from suit and immunity from execution, the process leading to the adoption of the Convention, and the general understanding that the Convention does not extend to criminal matters. It presents a systematic analysis of the Convention, taking into account its drafting history, relevant state practice (including the considerable number of national statutes and judicial decisions on state immunity), and any international judicial or arbitral decisions on point.
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Unity and Pluralism in Public International Law

Author: Oriol Casanovas y La Rosa

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041116642

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 8512

The proliferation of international courts and the extension of international regulation to new areas have been considered to be threatening for the unity of Public International Law as a legal system. These developments are the consequence of the increasing formation of legal subsystems (material international regimes) which continue to grow in complexity. How these trends affect the unity of the international legal system requires theoretical scrutiny of its fundamental bases. This work considers that the unity of the international legal system depends upon its normative structure, and on the social medium in which it is applied: the evolving international community. A unified international legal system has as its ultimate goal the protection of human dignity through the international regulation of human rights. The question of the unifying stability of the international legal system and the development of legal subsystems within it encourages a review of the major issues of current Public International Law, considering the evolution from traditional doctrines to recent approaches. This review is done from an analytical frame that provides a deeper understanding of the current situation of Public International Law as a legal system.
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Custom, Power and the Power of Rules

International Relations and Customary International Law

Author: Michael Byers

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521634083

Category: Law

Page: 250

View: 6476

This book explains the most foundational aspect of international law in international relations terms.
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Judge Shigeru Oda and the Path to Judicial Wisdom

Opinions (declarations, Separate Opinions, Dissenting Opinions) on the International Court of Justice, 1993-2003

Author: Shigeru Oda

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004143394

Category: Law

Page: 608

View: 5276

The present volume is the fourth in a series, "The Judges," which collects and synthesizes the opinions of leading international judges of the contemporary era who have contributed significantly to the progressive development of international law. The series was launched with the Judicial Opinions of Shigeru Oda, former Judge and Vice President of the International Court of Justice. This collection of Opinions covers the period from the year 1993 until his retirement in 2003. All of the individual Opinions filed by Judge Oda in this period - Separate Opinions, Declarations and Dissenting Opinions - are included, and they are published in full, without editorial cuts. The study includes a "resume "and analysis of Judge Oda's Judicial Opinions, through the cases, and attempts some identification and synthesis of the main elements in his approach to decision making and opinion writing, as well as the main strands in his judicial philosophy, as demonstrated in the actual case law.
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The United Nations

Law and Practice

Author: Franz Cede,Lilly Sucharipa-Behrmann

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041115638

Category: Political Science

Page: 372

View: 2732

The political changes in the world have profoundly altered the United Nations. This new book is one of the first to describe the structure of the world organization in the present context of international relations. "The United Nations: Law and Practice" is a no-nonsense book, concise, informative and up-to-date. In their respective careers as diplomats or academics, all authors combine vast practical and theoretical experience in dealing with the UN.
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The Practice of International and National Courts and the (De-)Fragmentation of International Law

Author: Ole Kristian Fauchald,André Nollkaemper

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847319157

Category: Law

Page: 382

View: 3894

In recent decades there has been a considerable growth in the activities of international tribunals and the establishment of new tribunals. Furthermore, supervisory bodies established to control compliance with treaty obligations have adopted decisions in an increasing number of cases. National courts further add to the practice of adjudication of claims based on international law. While this increasing practice of courts and supervisory bodies strengthens the adjudicatory process in international law, it also poses challenges to the unity of international law. Most of these courts operate within their own special regime (functional, regional, or national) and will primarily interpret and apply international law within the framework of that particular regime. The role of domestic courts poses special challenges, as the powers of such courts to give effect to international law, as well as their actual practice in applying such law, largely will be determined by national law. At the same time, both international and national courts have recognised that they do not operate in isolation from the larger international legal system, and have found various ways to counteract the process of fragmentation that may result from their jurisdictional limitations. This book explores how international and national courts can, and do, mitigate fragmentation of international law. It contains case studies from international regimes (including the WTO, the IMF, investment arbitration and the ECtHR) and from various national jurisdictions (including Japan, Norway, Switzerland and the UK), providing a basis for conclusions to be drawn in the final chapter.
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Evolution and Status of the Precautionary Principle in International Law

Author: Arie Trouwborst

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 378

View: 5457

The controversial question of whether or not at present the precautionary principle is to be considered a norm of customary international law is the key theme of this work, which treats the issue as part of a broader discussion of the principle's legal status on the international plane. This discussion, in turn, is put in perspective by an account of the short but remarkable history of the principle in international environmental law and policy. The greater part of this study consists of the mapping and analysis of state practice in respect of the precautionary principle. Pertinent treaties, declarations, decisions of international organizations and domestic instruments pass in review. the book then applies the generally accepted principles governing the formation of customary international law to this body of state practice. This manuscript was awarded the Franois Prize 2001 by the Netherlands Society of International Law / Netherlands Branch of the ILA. `[The precautionary principle] has been cited in an increasing number of legal proceedings, including those in the International Court of Justice, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea and the WTO Appellate Body, as well as in the courts of a large number of states, including the supreme courts of India and Canada.' (from the Preface by the Series Editors)
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Sustainable Development and Environmental Management

Experiences and Case Studies

Author: Corrado Clini,Ignazio Musu,Maria Lodovica Gullino

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402065989

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 490

View: 2651

This book presents the new EU approach to environmental management and its attempt to place it in the perspective of sustainable development. Written by eminent scientists working on sustainable development, the book covers not only theoretical aspects but also gives practical cases and examples. China and other large and fast growing economies are putting increasing pressures on the global environment, but they are also looking at the European experience with great interest.
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Countermeasures, the Non-Injured State and the Idea of International Community

Author: Elena Katselli Proukaki

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135232849

Category: Law

Page: 360

View: 3234

This book explores the contentious topic of how collective and community issues should be protected and enforced in international law. Elena Katselli Proukaki takes a detailed look at the issue of third-State countermeasures, and considers the work the International Law Commission has done in this area. The volume addresses both the theory and practice of third-State countermeasures within international law. Critically reviewing the conclusions of the International Law Commission on the non-existence of a right to third-State countermeasures, it includes consideration of examples of State practice not previously covered in the literature of this topic. In taking a thorough view of the issues involved the author identifies concerns about third-State countermeasures which remain unanswered, and considers the possible legal ramifications arising from a clash between a right to third-State countermeasures and obligations arising from other international norms. The Problem of Enforcement in International Law explores questions evolving around the nature, integrity and effectiveness of international law and the role it is called to play in a contemporary context. This book is of great interest and value not only for specialists in this area of international law, but also human rights, trade and EU lawyers, practitioners, legal advisers, and students.
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The Advisory Function of the International Court of Justice 1946 - 2005

Author: Mahasen Mohammad Aljaghoub

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540357343

Category: Law

Page: 285

View: 5037

The book provides a comprehensive analysis of the advisory role of the International Court of Justice in light of its jurisprudence and overall contribution over a period of more than 55 years. The author highlights the "organic connection" between UN organs and the Court and the Court’s contribution as one of the UN’s principal organs to the Organisation. The basic argument of this study is that the advisory function should be understood as a two-sided process involving the interplay between UN organs and the ICJ. The request for and the giving of an advisory opinion is a collective coordinated process, involving more than one organ or part of the Organisation.
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The Impact of International Law on International Cooperation

Theoretical Perspectives

Author: Eyal Benvenisti,Moshe Hirsch

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139456067

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 2356

This 2004 book aims at advancing our understanding of the influences international norms and international institutions have over the incentives of states to cooperate on issues such as environment and trade. Contributors adopt two different approaches in examining this question. One approach focuses on the constitutive elements of the international legal order, including customary international law, soft law and framework conventions, and on the types of incentives states have, such as domestic incentives and reputation. The other approach examines specific issues in the areas of international environment protection and international trade. The combined outcome of these two approaches is an understanding of the forces that pull states toward closer cooperation or prevent them from doing so, and the impact of different types of international norms and diverse institutions on the motivation of states. The insights gained suggest ways for enhancing states' incentives to cooperate through the design of norms and institutions.
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Die internationale Steuerung der Selbstbestimmung und der Staatsentstehung

Selbstbestimmung, Konfliktmanagement, Anerkennung und Staatennachfolge in der neueren Völkerrechtspraxis

Author: Urs Saxer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642102719

Category: Law

Page: 1140

View: 4511

Das Buch beschäftigt sich mit der Entstehung neuer Staaten sowie mit Konflikten um Autonomie und Selbstbestimmung, zu denen es seit Ende des Kalten Krieges gekommen ist. Ausgehend von der Grundthese, dass solche Vorgänge international im Rahmen eines Krisen- und Konfliktmanagements gelenkt werden, untersucht die Arbeit die Steuerung im Bereich des Selbstbestimmungsrechts, der Menschen- und Minderheitenrechte, der Staatenanerkennung, der Aufnahme in internationale Organisationen sowie bei der Regelung der Staatennachfolge.
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African Yearbook of International Law, 1988

Author: A. A. Yusuf

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041111661

Category: Law

Page: 500

View: 2241

The "African Yearbook of International Law" provides an intellectual forum for the systematic analysis and scientific dissection of issues of international law as they apply to Africa, as well as Africa's contribution to the progressive development of international law. It contributes to the promotion, acceptance of and respect for the principles of international law, as well as to the encouragement of the teaching, study, dissemination and wider appreciations of international law in Africa. A clear articulation of Africa's views on the various aspects of international law based on the present realities of the continent as well as on Africa's civilization, culture, philosophy and history will undoubtedly contribute to a better understanding among nations. The "African Yearbook of International Law" plays an important role in examining the tensions underlying the State in Africa, and by shedding more light on the causes of the fragility of African State institutions so as to facilitate the identification of appropriate remedies. The tension and interrelationships among issues such as territorial integrity, self determination, ethnic diversity and nation-building are constantly addressed. Development, human rights and democratization in Africa are also the subject of continuous attention and examination. The Special Theme of this volume is "Regional Economic Integration in Africa,"
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