The Harvard Conference on the Internet & Society

Author: O'Reilly & Associates

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674459328

Category: Computers

Page: 518

View: 6679

In the Spring of 1996, international leaders in business, law, government, and education gathered at Harvard University to discuss the impact of the Internet, one of the most potent technological innovations of this century, on society. This volume, which includes the presentations, discussions, and computer demonstrations from this ground-breaking forum, provides an expert assessment of the impact of this rapidly changing technology on business, government, media, and education for the next decade and beyond. Dozens of leaders from Microsoft, Apple Computer, Sun Microsystems, and Intel Corporation are joined by keynote speakers Bill Gates, Scott McNealy, Diana Lady Dougan, and Steven McGeady; Harvard University President Neil Rudenstine; and Harvard's faculty in providing first-hand accounts of current revolutionary changes in the computer industry, as well as their influence on the future of organizations, workers, customer relations, and the creation and ownership of products themselves. These writings not only serve as an excellent source for understanding today's hottest Internet technologies; they also explore the important issues facing a society with ever-expanding ties to cyberspace. Included with this book is a CD-ROM containing the contents of the book as well as a copy of version 3.0 of Microsoft's Internet Explorer browser software. We provide hyperlinks on the CD-ROM that make it easy for you to move to related articles and discussions.
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The Politics of Cyberconflict

Author: Athina Karatzogianni

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134154240

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 5251

The Politics of Cyberconflict focuses on the implications that the phenomenon of cyberconflict (conflict in computer mediated enivironments and the internet) has on politics, society and culture. Athina Karatzogianni proposes a new framework for analyzing this new phenomenon, which distinguishes between two types of cyberconflict, ethnoreligious and sociopolitical, and uses theories of conflict, social movement and the media. A comprehensive survey of content, opinion and theory in several connected fields, relating not only to information warfare and cyberconflict, but also social movements and ethnoreligious movements is included. Hacking between ethnoreligious groups, and the use of the internet in events in China, the Israel-Palestine conflict, India-Pakistan conflict, as well as the antiglobalization and antiwar movements and the 2003 Iraq War are covered in detail. This is essential reading for all students of new technology, politics, sociology and conflict studies.
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Issues in Contemporary Philosophy of Religion

Author: Eugene Thomas Long

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401005168

Category: Philosophy

Page: 217

View: 5010

This collection of original articles, written by leading contemporary European and American philosophers of religion, is presented in celebration of the publication of the fiftieth volume of the International Journal for Philosophy of Religion. Following the Editor's Introduction, John Macquarrie, Adriaan Peperzak, and Hent de Vries take up central themes in continental philosophy of religion. Macquarrie analyzes postmodernism and its influence in philosophy and theology. Peperzak argues for a form of universality different from that of modern philosophy, and de Vries analyzes an intrinsic and structural relationship between religion and the media. The next three essays discuss issues in analytic philosophy of religion. Philip Quinn argues that religious diversity reduces the epistemic status of exclusivism and makes it possible for a religious person to be justified while living within a pluralistic environment. William Wainwright plumbs the work of Jonathan Edwards in order to better understand debates concerning freedom, determinism, and the problem of evil, and William Hasker asks whether theological incompatibilism is less inimical to traditional theism than some have supposed. Representing the Thomist tradition, Fergus Kerr challenges standard readings of Aquinas on the arguments for the existence of God. David Griffin analyzes the contributions of process philosophy to the problem of evil and the relation between science and religion. Illustrating comparative approaches, Keith Ward argues that the Semitic and Indian traditions have developed a similar concept of God that should be revised in view of post-Enlightenment theories of the individual and the historical. Keith Yandell explores themes in the Indian metaphysical tradition and considers what account of persons is most in accord with reincarnation and karma doctrines. Feminist philosophy of religion is represented in Pamela Anderson's article, in which she argues for a gender-sensitive and more inclusive approach to the craving for infinitude.
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In Defense of Tort Law

Author: Thomas Koenig,Michael Rustad

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814748996

Category: Law

Page: 345

View: 8716

Late night comedians and journalists eagerly seized upon the case of an elderly woman who sued McDonald’s when she spilled hot coffee in her lap as a prime example of frivolous litigation. But as Rustad and Koenig argue, cases such as these are an incomplete and misleading characterization of tort law. Corporations have successfully waged a public relations battle to create the impression that most lawsuits are spurious, when in fact the opposite is true: tort law plays a crucial role in protecting consumers from dangerous and sometimes life-threatening hazards. Without legal remedies, corporations would suffer no penalty for choosing profits over public health and safely. In Defense of Tort Law is the first book to systematically examine the social, legal and policy dimensions of the tort reform debate. This insightful analysis of solid empirical data looks beyond popular myths about frivolous lawsuits, and tackles a variety of contentious issues: Should punitive damages be capped? Who is favored by tort law? Who loses, and why? Koenig and Rustad’s detailed case study analysis also reveals disturbing gender inequities in a legal system that is largely dominated by men. Because women are disproportionately injured by medical products, impermissible HMO cost cutting, medical malpractice and sexual exploitation, restrictions on the rights to recovery in these fields inevitably creates gender injustice. Engaging and up to date, In Defense of Tort Law also identifies aspects of the current law that require further elaboration, including the need for measures to combat cybercrime against consumers.
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Bill Gates Speaks

Insight from the World's Greatest Entrepreneur

Author: Bill Gates

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471293538

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 253

View: 5108

Excerpts from speeches, news broadcasts, and interviews provide Gates' views on financing and running a small business, expanding his wealth, and raising a family
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Fiber Optics Weekly Update

Author: Paul Polishuk, Editor

Publisher: Information Gatekeepers Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8041

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Sexual Justice

Democratic Citizenship and the Politics of Desire

Author: Morris B. Kaplan

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415905141

Category: Political Science

Page: 281

View: 5369

Sexual Justice defends a robust a robust conception of lesbian and gay rights, emphasizing protection against discrimination and recognition of queer relationships and families. Synthesizing materials from law, philosophy, psychoanalysis and literature, Kaplan argues that sexual desire is central to the pursuit of happiness: equal citizenship requires individual freedom to shape oneself through a variety of intimate associations.
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The End of Early Music

A Period Performer's History of Music for the Twenty-First Century

Author: Bruce Haynes

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198040941

Category: Music

Page: 304

View: 1201

Part history, part explanation of early music, this book also plays devil's advocate, criticizing current practices and urging experimentation. Haynes, a veteran of the movement, describes a vision of the future that involves improvisation, rhetorical expression, and composition.
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Youth Cultures

Scenes, Subcultures and Tribes

Author: Paul Hodkinson,Wolfgang Deicke

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113418476X

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 9471

Youth Cultures offers a comprehensive outline of youth cultural studies in the twenty-first century, with reference to a range of new research case studies. Featuring both well known and emerging scholars from the UK, the US and mainland Europe, the book addresses core theoretical and methodological developments before going on to examine key substantive themes in the study of young people's identities and lifestyles. These include questions of commerce, power and politics, issues of gender and ethnicity, uses of place and space and impacts of new media and communications. Simultaneously offering an accessible introduction and a range of new contributions to the subject area, Youth Cultures will appeal to both students and academics within a range of disciplines, including sociology, media and cultural studies, youth studies and popular music studies.
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New Directions in Later Medieval Manuscript Studies

Essays from the 1998 Harvard Conference

Author: Derek Albert Pearsall

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 1903153018

Category: History

Page: 213

View: 1135

Influential scholars from Britain and North America discuss future directions in rapidly expanding field of manuscript study.
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Blocked on Weibo

What Gets Suppressed on China s Version of Twitter (And Why)

Author: Jason Ng

Publisher: New Press, The

ISBN: 159558885X

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 5573

Though often described with foreboding buzzwords such as "The Great Firewall" and the "censorship regime," Internet regulation in China is rarely either obvious or straightforward. This was the inspiration for China specialist Jason Q. Ng to write an innovative computer script that would make it possible to deduce just which terms are suppressed on China’s most important social media site, Sina Weibo. The remarkable and groundbreaking result is Blocked on Weibo, which began as a highly praised blog and has been expanded here to list over 150 forbidden keywords, as well as offer possible explanations why the Chinese government would find these terms sensitive. As Ng explains, Weibo (roughly the equivalent of Twitter), with over 500 million registered accounts, censors hundreds of words and phrases, ranging from fairly obvious terms, including "tank" (a reference to the "Tank Man" who stared down the Chinese army in Tiananmen Square) and the names of top government officials (if they can’t be found online, they can't be criticized), to deeply obscure references, including "hairy bacon" (a coded insult referring to Mao’s embalmed body). With dozens of phrases that could get a Chinese Internet user invited to the local police station "for a cup of tea" (a euphemism for being detained by the authorities), Blocked on Weibo offers an invaluable guide to sensitive topics in modern-day China as well as a fascinating tour of recent Chinese history.
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Artistic Citizenship

Artistry, Social Responsibility, and Ethical Praxis

Author: David Elliott,Marissa Silverman,Wayne Bowman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019063281X

Category: Art

Page: 560

View: 6553

This first-of-its-kind compendium unites perspectives from artists, scholars, arts educators, policymakers, and activists to investigate the complex system of values surrounding artistic-educational endeavors. Addressing a range of artistic domains-including music, dance, theater, visual arts, film, and poetry-contributors explore and critique the conventions that govern our interactions with these practices. Artistic Citizenship focuses on the social responsibilities and functions of amateur and professional artists and examines ethical issues that are conventionally dismissed in discourses on these topics. The questions this book addresses include: How does the concept of citizenship relate to the arts? What sociocultural, political, environmental, and gendered "goods" can artistic engagements create for people worldwide? Do particular artistic endeavors have distinctive potentials for nurturing artistic citizenship? What are the most effective strategies in the arts to institute change and/or resist local, national, and world problems? What obligations do artists and consumers of art have to facilitate relationships between the arts and citizenship? How can artistic activities contribute to the eradication of adverse 'ism's? A substantial accompanying website features video clips of "artivism" in action, videotaped interviews with scholars and practitioners working in a variety of spaces and places, a blog, and supplementary resources about existing and emerging initiatives. Thoroughly researched and engagingly written, Artistic Citizenship is an essential text for artists, scholars, policymakers, educators, and students.
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Telecom Standards Newsletter

Author: Information Gatekeepers, Inc

Publisher: Information Gatekeepers Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 4600

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It Began with Babbage

The Genesis of Computer Science

Author: Subrata Dasgupta

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199309434

Category: Computers

Page: 304

View: 1456

As a field, computer science occupies a unique scientific space, in that its subject matter can exist in both physical and abstract realms. An artifact such as software is both tangible and not, and must be classified as something in between, or "liminal." The study and production of liminal artifacts allows for creative possibilities that are, and have been, possible only in computer science. In It Began with Babbage, computer scientist and writer Subrata Dasgupta examines the distinct history of computer science in terms of its creative innovations, reaching back to Charles Babbage in 1819. Since all artifacts of computer science are conceived with a use in mind, the computer scientist is not concerned with the natural laws that govern disciplines like physics or chemistry; instead, the field is more concerned with the concept of purpose. This requirement lends itself to a type of creative thinking that, as Dasgupta shows us, has exhibited itself throughout the history of computer science. More than any other, computer science is the science of the artificial, and has a unique history to accompany its unique focus. The book traces a path from Babbage's Difference Engine in the early 19th century to the end of the 1960s by when a new academic discipline named "computer science" had come into being. Along the way we meet characters like Babbage and Ada Lovelace, Turing and von Neumann, Shannon and Chomsky, and a host of other people from a variety of backgrounds who collectively created this new science of the artificial. And in the end, we see how and why computer science acquired a nature and history all of its own.
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Our Biometric Future

Facial Recognition Technology and the Culture of Surveillance

Author: Kelly Gates

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814732097

Category: Computers

Page: 263

View: 9172

Since the 1960s, a significant effort has been underway to program computers to “see” the human face—to develop automated systems for identifying faces and distinguishing them from one another—commonly known as Facial Recognition Technology. While computer scientists are developing FRT in order to design more intelligent and interactive machines, businesses and states agencies view the technology as uniquely suited for “smart” surveillance—systems that automate the labor of monitoring in order to increase their efficacy and spread their reach. Tracking this technological pursuit, Our Biometric Future identifies FRT as a prime example of the failed technocratic approach to governance, where new technologies are pursued as shortsighted solutions to complex social problems. Culling news stories, press releases, policy statements, PR kits and other materials, Kelly Gates provides evidence that, instead of providing more security for more people, the pursuit of FRT is being driven by the priorities of corporations, law enforcement and state security agencies, all convinced of the technology’s necessity and unhindered by its complicated and potentially destructive social consequences. By focusing on the politics of developing and deploying these technologies, Our Biometric Future argues not for the inevitability of a particular technological future, but for its profound contingency and contestability.
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The Development of Future-Oriented Processes

Author: Marshall M. Haith,John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226313061

Category: Psychology

Page: 465

View: 8598

How do children develop an understanding of future events? In this state of the art review of two decades of empirical and theoretical work, leading researchers in developmental psychology and neuroscience explore what is known about the development of future-oriented processes. Following Marshall Haith's seminal studies on early infant anticipation, this collection begins with a survey of current knowledge about the early development of expectations. Addressing both the state of neural research in this field and the role of language and social context in the development of future orientation, the authors discuss the nature of planning in action, future orientation in humans and in nonhuman primates, and the development of intermediate and long-term expectations with regard to cognitive skills and scientific activity. Combining developmental and cognitive perspectives, this volume will interest professionals in developmental psychology, child development, and neuropsychology.
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Power, Information Technology, and International Relations Theory

The Power and Politics of US Foreign Policy and the Internet

Author: D. McCarthy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137306904

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 5830

This book examines the internet as a form of power in global politics. Focusing on the United States' internet foreign policy, McCarthy combines analyses of global material culture and international relation theory, to reconsider how technology is understood as a form of social power.
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