The Harvard Conference on the Internet & Society

Author: O'Reilly & Associates

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674459328

Category: Computers

Page: 518

View: 6810

In the Spring of 1996, international leaders in business, law, government, and education gathered at Harvard University to discuss the impact of the Internet, one of the most potent technological innovations of this century, on society. This volume, which includes the presentations, discussions, and computer demonstrations from this ground-breaking forum, provides an expert assessment of the impact of this rapidly changing technology on business, government, media, and education for the next decade and beyond. Dozens of leaders from Microsoft, Apple Computer, Sun Microsystems, and Intel Corporation are joined by keynote speakers Bill Gates, Scott McNealy, Diana Lady Dougan, and Steven McGeady; Harvard University President Neil Rudenstine; and Harvard's faculty in providing first-hand accounts of current revolutionary changes in the computer industry, as well as their influence on the future of organizations, workers, customer relations, and the creation and ownership of products themselves. These writings not only serve as an excellent source for understanding today's hottest Internet technologies; they also explore the important issues facing a society with ever-expanding ties to cyberspace. Included with this book is a CD-ROM containing the contents of the book as well as a copy of version 3.0 of Microsoft's Internet Explorer browser software. We provide hyperlinks on the CD-ROM that make it easy for you to move to related articles and discussions.
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The Black Box Society

The Secret Algorithms That Control Money and Information

Author: Frank Pasquale

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674967100

Category: Law

Page: 319

View: 9056

Every day, corporations are connecting the dots about our personal behavior—silently scrutinizing clues left behind by our work habits and Internet use. But who connects the dots about what firms are doing with all this information? Frank Pasquale exposes how powerful interests abuse secrecy for profit and explains ways to rein them in.
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Big Data, Health Law, and Bioethics

Author: I. Glenn Cohen,Holly Fernandez Lynch,Effy Vayena,Urs Gasser

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110815364X

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 4438

When data from all aspects of our lives can be relevant to our health - from our habits at the grocery store and our Google searches to our FitBit data and our medical records - can we really differentiate between big data and health big data? Will health big data be used for good, such as to improve drug safety, or ill, as in insurance discrimination? Will it disrupt health care (and the health care system) as we know it? Will it be possible to protect our health privacy? What barriers will there be to collecting and utilizing health big data? What role should law play, and what ethical concerns may arise? This timely, groundbreaking volume explores these questions and more from a variety of perspectives, examining how law promotes or discourages the use of big data in the health care sphere, and also what we can learn from other sectors.
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The Politics of Cyberconflict

Author: Athina Karatzogianni

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134154240

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 704

The Politics of Cyberconflict focuses on the implications that the phenomenon of cyberconflict (conflict in computer mediated enivironments and the internet) has on politics, society and culture. Athina Karatzogianni proposes a new framework for analyzing this new phenomenon, which distinguishes between two types of cyberconflict, ethnoreligious and sociopolitical, and uses theories of conflict, social movement and the media. A comprehensive survey of content, opinion and theory in several connected fields, relating not only to information warfare and cyberconflict, but also social movements and ethnoreligious movements is included. Hacking between ethnoreligious groups, and the use of the internet in events in China, the Israel-Palestine conflict, India-Pakistan conflict, as well as the antiglobalization and antiwar movements and the 2003 Iraq War are covered in detail. This is essential reading for all students of new technology, politics, sociology and conflict studies.
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The Future of the Internet--And How to Stop It

Author: Jonathan Zittrain

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300145342

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 1033

This extraordinary book explains the engine that has catapulted the Internet from backwater to ubiquity—and reveals that it is sputtering precisely because of its runaway success. With the unwitting help of its users, the generative Internet is on a path to a lockdown, ending its cycle of innovation—and facilitating unsettling new kinds of control. IPods, iPhones, Xboxes, and TiVos represent the first wave of Internet-centered products that can't be easily modified by anyone except their vendors or selected partners. These “tethered appliances” have already been used in remarkable but little-known ways: car GPS systems have been reconfigured at the demand of law enforcement to eavesdrop on the occupants at all times, and digital video recorders have been ordered to self-destruct thanks to a lawsuit against the manufacturer thousands of miles away. New Web 2.0 platforms like Google mash-ups and Facebook are rightly touted—but their applications can be similarly monitored and eliminated from a central source. As tethered appliances and applications eclipse the PC, the very nature of the Internet—its “generativity,” or innovative character—is at risk. The Internet's current trajectory is one of lost opportunity. Its salvation, Zittrain argues, lies in the hands of its millions of users. Drawing on generative technologies like Wikipedia that have so far survived their own successes, this book shows how to develop new technologies and social structures that allow users to work creatively and collaboratively, participate in solutions, and become true “netizens.”
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Network Propaganda

Manipulation, Disinformation, and Radicalization in American Politics

Author: Yochai Benkler,Robert Faris,Hal Roberts

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190923644

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 9534

This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International licence. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations. Is social media destroying democracy? Are Russian propaganda or "Fake news" entrepreneurs on Facebook undermining our sense of a shared reality? A conventional wisdom has emerged since the election of Donald Trump in 2016 that new technologies and their manipulation by foreign actors played a decisive role in his victory and are responsible for the sense of a "post-truth" moment in which disinformation and propaganda thrives. Network Propaganda challenges that received wisdom through the most comprehensive study yet published on media coverage of American presidential politics from the start of the election cycle in April 2015 to the one year anniversary of the Trump presidency. Analysing millions of news stories together with Twitter and Facebook shares, broadcast television and YouTube, the book provides a comprehensive overview of the architecture of contemporary American political communications. Through data analysis and detailed qualitative case studies of coverage of immigration, Clinton scandals, and the Trump Russia investigation, the book finds that the right-wing media ecosystem operates fundamentally differently than the rest of the media environment. The authors argue that longstanding institutional, political, and cultural patterns in American politics interacted with technological change since the 1970s to create a propaganda feedback loop in American conservative media. This dynamic has marginalized centre-right media and politicians, radicalized the right wing ecosystem, and rendered it susceptible to propaganda efforts, foreign and domestic. For readers outside the United States, the book offers a new perspective and methods for diagnosing the sources of, and potential solutions for, the perceived global crisis of democratic politics.
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Issues in Contemporary Philosophy of Religion

Author: Eugene Thomas Long

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401005168

Category: Philosophy

Page: 217

View: 1412

This collection of original articles, written by leading contemporary European and American philosophers of religion, is presented in celebration of the publication of the fiftieth volume of the International Journal for Philosophy of Religion. Following the Editor's Introduction, John Macquarrie, Adriaan Peperzak, and Hent de Vries take up central themes in continental philosophy of religion. Macquarrie analyzes postmodernism and its influence in philosophy and theology. Peperzak argues for a form of universality different from that of modern philosophy, and de Vries analyzes an intrinsic and structural relationship between religion and the media. The next three essays discuss issues in analytic philosophy of religion. Philip Quinn argues that religious diversity reduces the epistemic status of exclusivism and makes it possible for a religious person to be justified while living within a pluralistic environment. William Wainwright plumbs the work of Jonathan Edwards in order to better understand debates concerning freedom, determinism, and the problem of evil, and William Hasker asks whether theological incompatibilism is less inimical to traditional theism than some have supposed. Representing the Thomist tradition, Fergus Kerr challenges standard readings of Aquinas on the arguments for the existence of God. David Griffin analyzes the contributions of process philosophy to the problem of evil and the relation between science and religion. Illustrating comparative approaches, Keith Ward argues that the Semitic and Indian traditions have developed a similar concept of God that should be revised in view of post-Enlightenment theories of the individual and the historical. Keith Yandell explores themes in the Indian metaphysical tradition and considers what account of persons is most in accord with reincarnation and karma doctrines. Feminist philosophy of religion is represented in Pamela Anderson's article, in which she argues for a gender-sensitive and more inclusive approach to the craving for infinitude.
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In Defense of Tort Law

Author: Thomas Koenig,Michael Rustad

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814748996

Category: Law

Page: 345

View: 6274

Late night comedians and journalists eagerly seized upon the case of an elderly woman who sued McDonald’s when she spilled hot coffee in her lap as a prime example of frivolous litigation. But as Rustad and Koenig argue, cases such as these are an incomplete and misleading characterization of tort law. Corporations have successfully waged a public relations battle to create the impression that most lawsuits are spurious, when in fact the opposite is true: tort law plays a crucial role in protecting consumers from dangerous and sometimes life-threatening hazards. Without legal remedies, corporations would suffer no penalty for choosing profits over public health and safely. In Defense of Tort Law is the first book to systematically examine the social, legal and policy dimensions of the tort reform debate. This insightful analysis of solid empirical data looks beyond popular myths about frivolous lawsuits, and tackles a variety of contentious issues: Should punitive damages be capped? Who is favored by tort law? Who loses, and why? Koenig and Rustad’s detailed case study analysis also reveals disturbing gender inequities in a legal system that is largely dominated by men. Because women are disproportionately injured by medical products, impermissible HMO cost cutting, medical malpractice and sexual exploitation, restrictions on the rights to recovery in these fields inevitably creates gender injustice. Engaging and up to date, In Defense of Tort Law also identifies aspects of the current law that require further elaboration, including the need for measures to combat cybercrime against consumers.
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Banking on the Body

Author: Kara W. Swanson

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674281438

Category: History

Page: 333

View: 4088

Each year Americans supply blood, sperm, and breast milk to "banks" that store these products for use by strangers in medical procedures. Who gives, who receives, who profits? Kara Swanson traces body banks from the first experiments that discovered therapeutic uses for body products to current websites that facilitate a thriving global exchange.
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Virtual Competition

Author: Ariel Ezrachi,Maurice E. Stucke

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674545478

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 356

View: 5753

Ariel Ezrachi and Maurice Stucke take a hard look at today’s app-assisted paradise of digital shopping. The algorithms and data-crunching that make online purchasing so convenient are also changing the nature of the market by shifting power into the hands of the few, with risks to competition, our democratic ideals, and our overall well-being.
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The Indian Legal Profession in the Age of Globalization

The Rise of the Corporate Legal Sector and its Impact on Lawyers and Society

Author: David B. Wilkins,Vikramaditya S. Khanna,David M. Trubek

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110821102X

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 2613

This book provides the first comprehensive analysis of the impact of globalization on the Indian legal profession. Employing a range of original data from twenty empirical studies, the book details the emergence of a new corporate legal sector in India including large and sophisticated law firms and in-house legal departments, as well as legal process outsourcing companies. As the book's authors document, this new corporate legal sector is reshaping other parts of the Indian legal profession, including legal education, the development of pro bono and corporate social responsibility, the regulation of legal services, and gender, communal, and professional hierarchies with the bar. Taken as a whole, the book will be of interest to academics, lawyers, and policymakers interested in the critical role that a rapidly globalizing legal profession is playing in the legal, political, and economic development of important emerging economies like India, and how these countries are integrating into the institutions of global governance and the overall global market for legal services.
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We the Media

Grassroots Journalism By the People, For the People

Author: Dan Gillmor

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 0596102275

Category: Computers

Page: 301

View: 6491

Not content to accept the news as reported, grassroots journalists are publishing in real time to a worldwide audience via the Internet. The impact of their work is just beginning to be felt by professional journalists and the newsmakers they cover. Dan Gillmor tells the story of this phenomenon.
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The End of Early Music

A Period Performer's History of Music for the Twenty-First Century

Author: Bruce Haynes

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198040941

Category: Music

Page: 304

View: 7251

Part history, part explanation of early music, this book also plays devil's advocate, criticizing current practices and urging experimentation. Haynes, a veteran of the movement, describes a vision of the future that involves improvisation, rhetorical expression, and composition.
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Sexual Justice

Democratic Citizenship and the Politics of Desire

Author: Morris B. Kaplan

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415905141

Category: Political Science

Page: 281

View: 4349

Sexual Justice defends a robust a robust conception of lesbian and gay rights, emphasizing protection against discrimination and recognition of queer relationships and families. Synthesizing materials from law, philosophy, psychoanalysis and literature, Kaplan argues that sexual desire is central to the pursuit of happiness: equal citizenship requires individual freedom to shape oneself through a variety of intimate associations.
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The Harvard Advocate

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: College students' writings, American

Page: N.A

View: 3110

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Born Digital

How Children Grow Up in a Digital Age

Author: John Palfrey,Urs Gasser

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465053920

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 3479

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New Directions in Later Medieval Manuscript Studies

Essays from the 1998 Harvard Conference

Author: Derek Albert Pearsall

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 1903153018

Category: History

Page: 213

View: 9640

Influential scholars from Britain and North America discuss future directions in rapidly expanding field of manuscript study.
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