Vienna and the Fall of the Habsburg Empire

Total War and Everyday Life in World War I

Author: Maureen Healy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521831246

Category: History

Page: 333

View: 2037

Maureen Healy examines the collapse of the Habsburg Empire from the perspective of everyday life in the capital city. She argues that a striking feature of 'total war' on the home front was the spread of a war mentality to the mundane sites of everyday life - streets, shops, schools, entertainment venues and apartment buildings. While Habsburg armies waged military campaigns on distant fronts, Viennese civilians (women, children, and men 'left at home') waged a protracted, socially devastating war against one another. Vienna's multi-ethnic population lived together in conditions of severe material shortage and faced near-starvation by 1917. The city fell into civilian mutiny before the state collapsed in 1918. Based on meticulous archival research, including citizens' letters to state authorities, the study offers a penetrating look at Habsburg citizenship by showing how ordinary women, men and children conceived of 'Austria' in the Empire's final years.
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The Habsburg Empire

Author: Pieter M. Judson

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674969324

Category: History

Page: 585

View: 3690

This panoramic reappraisal shows why the Habsburg Empire mattered for so long to so many Central Europeans across divides of language, religion, and region. Pieter Judson shows that creative government—and intractable problems the far-flung empire could not solve—left an enduring imprint on successor states. Its lessons are no less important today.
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A History of the Habsburg Empire, 1526-1918

Author: Robert A. Kann

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520024083

Category: History

Page: 646

View: 6929

An historian's account of the cultural evolution, political problems, and socioeconomic development of the multinational Habsburg Empire
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A History of the Habsburg Empire 1273-1700

Author: Jean Berenger,C.A. Simpson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131789569X

Category: History

Page: 422

View: 2413

The first part of a two-volume history of the Habsburg Empire from its medieval origins to its dismemberment in the First World War. This important volume (which is self-contained) meets a long-felt need for a systematic survey in English of the Habsburgs and their lands in the late medieval and early modern periods. It is primarily concerned with the Habsburg territories in central and northern Europe, but the history of the Spanish Habsburgs in Spain and the Netherlands is also covered. The book, like the Habsburgs themselves, deals with an immense range of lands and peoples: clear, balanced, and authoritative, it is a remarkable feat of synthethis and exposition.
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The Habsburg Empire

Author: Martyn Rady

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198792964

Category: History

Page: 144

View: 4209

The Habsburgs are the most famous dynasty in continental Europe. From the thirteenth to the twentieth centuries, they ruled much of Central Europe, and for two centuries were also rulers of Spain. Through the Spanish connection, they acquired lands around the Mediterranean and a chunk of the New World, spreading eastwards to include the Philippines. Reaching from South-East Asia to what is now Ukraine, the Habsburg Empire was truly global. In this Very Short Introduction Martin Rady looks at the history of the Habsburgs, from their tenth-century origins in Switzerland, to the dissolution of the Habsburg Empire in 1918. He introduces the pantheon of Habsburg rulers, which included adventurers, lunatics, and at least one monarch who was so malformed that his true portrait could never be exhibited. He also discusses the lands and kingdoms that made up the Habsburg Empire, and the decisive moments that shaped their history. Dynasty, Europe, global power, and the idea of the multi-national state all converge on the history of the Habsburg Empire. Martin Rady shows how. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
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The Habsburg Empire

1790-1918

Author: C. A. Macartney

Publisher: Faber & Faber

ISBN: 0571306292

Category: History

Page: 900

View: 5583

This book is a narrative history of the Austrian Monarchy from 1790 to its break-up in 1918. Its theme is the hundred year struggle between the venerable dynastic empire which ruled Central Europe, and the new national, political and social forces in conflict with it, an with one another. The author starts with the death of Emperor Joseph 11 in 1790, the event which he takes as marking the turn of the tide in the struggle between autocracy and centralisation on the one side, and the new forces on the other; but he prefixes his narrative with a brief account of Joseph's own reign, and with a comprehensive picture of the old monarchy on the threshold of the new age. C. A. Macartney takes his subject as comprising the monarchy as a whole, every people, class and province in it. He thus brings and makes intelligible the diversity within the unity, and the unity synthesising the diversity, which give the history of the Austrian Monarchy its special and unique character. The author was long acquainted with the countries and peoples that were once part of the Habsburg Empire and it was this experience, combined with linguistic accomplishments that enabled him to draw on an exceptionally wide range of sources. The result is a work of monumental scholarship written with unique insight and understanding.
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The Grand Strategy of the Habsburg Empire

Author: A. Wess Mitchell

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400889960

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 4616

The Habsburg Empire’s grand strategy for outmaneuvering and outlasting stronger rivals in a complicated geopolitical world The Empire of Habsburg Austria faced more enemies than any other European great power. Flanked on four sides by rivals, it possessed few of the advantages that explain successful empires. Its army was not renowned for offensive prowess, its finances were often shaky, and its populace was fragmented into more than a dozen ethnicities. Yet somehow Austria endured, outlasting Ottoman sieges, Frederick the Great, and Napoleon. The Grand Strategy of the Habsburg Empire tells the story of how this cash-strapped, polyglot empire survived for centuries in Europe's most dangerous neighborhood without succumbing to the pressures of multisided warfare. Taking readers from the War of the Spanish Succession in the early 1700s to the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, A. Wess Mitchell argues that the Habsburgs succeeded not through offensive military power or great wealth but by developing strategies that manipulated the element of time in geopolitical competition. Unable to fight all their enemies at once, the Habsburgs learned to use the limited tools at their disposal—terrain, technology, and treaty allies—to sequence and stagger their conflicts, drive down the costs of empire, and concentrate scarce resources against the greatest threat of the moment. Rarely holding a grudge after war, they played the "long game" in geopolitics, corralling friend and foe alike into voluntarily managing the empire's lengthy frontiers and extending a benign hegemony across the turbulent lands of middle Europe. A study in adaptive statecraft, The Grand Strategy of the Habsburg Empire offers lessons on how to navigate a messy geopolitical map, stand firm without the advantage of military predominance, and prevail against multiple rivals.
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An Orthodox Festival Book in the Habsburg Empire

Zaharija Orfelin's Festive Greeting to Mojsej Putnik (1757)

Author: Jelena Todorovic

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351958577

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 3590

A transcription and translation of Zaharje Orfelin's 1757 festival book, Festive Greeting to Mojsej Putnik, this book is one of the most comprehensive accounts of the festival life of the Orthodox hierarchy in the Habsburg lands. While the Festive Greeting remained just an outline for the spectacle and was never publicly performed in its entirety, it remains a fascinating embodiment of Church politics, an issue too dangerous to be made public in the political arena of the Catholic Empire. In addition to the transcription and translation of the festival book, Jelena Todorovic provides a full account of the background to the Mojsije Putnik's episcopal investiture, beginning with a study of the political and historical context to the foundation and establishment of the Orthodox Archbishopric in the Austrian Habsburg and moving on to an examine the religious politics of the Orthodox Archbishops during this period. With detailed surveys of the book's illustrations, proposed scenography and music, it concludes with an assessment of the place of the Festive Greeting in the history of spectacles in the Archbishopric as well as in the history of the Orthodox Church.
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The Habsburg Empire

From Dynasticism to Multinationalism

Author: Paula S. Fichtner

Publisher: Krieger Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780894648960

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 8044

Dr. Fichtner presents a concise summary of the development and problems of the Habsburg Empire as a multiethnic state from the sixteenth century to the end of World War I. Twenty-six documents, some from local journals and periodicals of the era, illustrate the political, cultural, and economic relations of the Habsburg peoples, both with their rulers and with one another.
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Die Romanows

Glanz und Untergang der Zarendynastie 1613-1918

Author: Simon Sebag Montefiore

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 310490152X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 1032

View: 753

Simon Sebag Montefiore, Bestseller-Autor und Russland-Experte, schildert in seiner ebenso spannenden wie unterhaltsamen Biographie ›Die Romanows: Glanz und Untergang der Zarendynastie 1613 - 1918‹ die sagenumwobene Dynastie, die Russland bis heute prägt. Wie kein anderes Adelsgeschlecht sind die Romanows der Inbegriff von schillerndem Prunk, Macht, Dekadenz und Grausamkeit. Über 300 Jahre dominierten sie das russische Reich, mehr als 20 Zaren und Zarinnen gingen aus dem Geschlecht hervor, allesamt getrieben von unbändigem Machthunger und rücksichtslosem Willen zu herrschen – einige dem Wahnsinn näher als dem Genie. Simon Sebag Montefiore erzählt die Saga dieser unglaublichen Familie, in der Rivalität, Giftmorde und sexuelle Exzesse regelrecht auf der Tagesordnung standen. Basierend auf neuester Forschung und unbekanntem Archivmaterial zeichnet er die Schicksale und politischen Verwicklungen nach. Weder zuvor noch danach gab es ein so gewaltiges Reich, in dem sich Glanz und Grausamkeit auf so unheilvolle Weise verbündeten. Mit zahlreichen Abbildungen, prächtige Ausstattung. »Exzellent! Im Vergleich dazu ist Game of Thrones das reinste Kaffeekränzchen.« Antony Beevor »Als läse man zwanzig packende Romane in einem Band zusammengefasst.« The Bookseller »Die glorreiche Geschichte der Romanow-Dynastie, voll von Blut, Sex und Tränen.« Daily Telegraph »Ein beindruckendes Buch, das gründliche Recherche mit exzellenter Prosa vereint.« The Times »Montefiores Reise durch die 300 Jahre der Romanows gleicht einer Studie über Brutalität, Sex und Macht, absolut fesselnd [...], die Recherche ist akribisch und der Stil packend.« The Observer
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The Decline and Fall of the Habsburg Empire, 1815-1918

Author: Alan Sked

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317880048

Category: History

Page: 364

View: 3539

A new and revised edition of Alan Sked’s groundbreaking book which examines how the Habsburg Empire survived the revolutionary turmoil of 1848. ‘The Year of Revolutions', saw the whole of Europe convulsed in turmoil and revolt. Yet the Habsburg Empire survived. As state after state succumbed to the violent winds of change that were sweeping the continent. How did the Habsburg Empire survive? How was the army able hold together while the rest of the empire collapsed in civil war, and how was it able to seize the political initiative In this new edition, Alan Sked reflects on the changed understanding of the period which resulted from the first appearance of this book, and widens the discussion to look at the Habsburg Empire alongside the decline of the Russian and German Empires, arguing that it is possible to understand their decline from a broad European perspective, as opposed to the overly narrow focus of recent explanations. Alan Sked makes us look at familiar events with new eyes in this radical, vigorously written classic which is essential reading for anyone interested in the history of nineteenth-century Europe.
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The Habsburg Empire and the Sea

Austrian Naval Policy, 1797-1866

Author: Lawrence Sondhaus

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 7189

Sondhaus’s study, the first scholarly treatment of the formation of Austria's sea power in any language, traces the stages of the navy's development through nine chapters. Instead of dealing with the topic from only one perspective, Sondhaus examines the political history of the development of Habsburg sea power. The study as a whole takes into account the effects of the broader issues of the era, such as Austria's perennial financial difficulties, technological and industrial backwardness, and the growing nationality problem.
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The Habsburg Empire 1700-1918

Author: Jean Berenger,C.A. Simpson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131789572X

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 4143

This is the eagerly awaited second volume of Jean Bérenger's history of the Habsburgs. It covers the last two centuries of their rule and provides a compelling account of the fluctuations of Habsburg dynastic power and its disintegration after World War One. Bérenger gives a rich portrait of Habsburg greatness under Maria Theresa and Joseph II and shows how their successors proved more adroit at riding the tide of nationalism in their multi-ethnic empire than is often recognised.
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Rise of the Habsburg Empire, 1526-1815

Author: Victor S. Mamatey

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780894649202

Category: History

Page: 182

View: 6120

This is a general outline of the rise of the Habsburg empire from its formation after the Battle of Mohacs in 1526 to the Congress of Vienna in 1815, when for the first time it acted in a great international forum under its own identity as the empire of Austria. During four centuries of existence the Hapsburg empire affected, for better or worse, not only the destinies of its own peoples but those of Europe as a whole.
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Hungarian Borderlands

From the Habsburg Empire to the Axis Alliance, the Warsaw Pact and the European Union

Author: Frank N. Schubert

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441128948

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 1509

An in-depth examination of border decomposition, re-creation and destruction in 20th-century Hungary.
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Edge of Irony

Modernism in the Shadow of the Habsburg Empire

Author: Marjorie Perloff

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022632849X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 224

View: 2270

Among the brilliant writers and thinkers who emerged from the multicultural and multilingual world of the Austro-Hungarian Empire were Joseph Roth, Robert Musil, and Ludwig Wittgenstein. For them, the trauma of World War I included the sudden loss of the geographical entity into which they had been born: in 1918, the empire was dissolved overnight, leaving Austria a small, fragile republic that would last only twenty years before being annexed by Hitler’s Third Reich. In this major reconsideration of European modernism, Marjorie Perloff identifies and explores the aesthetic world that emerged from the rubble of Vienna and other former Habsburg territories—an “Austro-Modernism” that produced a major body of drama, fiction, poetry, and autobiography. Perloff explores works ranging from Karl Kraus’s drama The Last Days of Mankind and Elias Canetti’s memoir The Tongue Set Free to Ludwig Wittgenstein’s notebooks and Paul Celan’s lyric poetry. Throughout, she shows that Austro-Modernist literature is characterized less by the formal and technical inventions of a modernism familiar to us in the work of Joyce and Pound, Dada and Futurism, than by a radical irony beneath a seemingly conventional surface, an acute sense of exile, and a sensibility more erotic and quixotic than that of its German contemporaries. Skeptical and disillusioned, Austro-Modernism prefers to ask questions rather than formulate answers.
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Tropics of Vienna

Colonial Utopias of the Habsburg Empire

Author: Ulrich E. Bach

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1785331337

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 152

View: 5958

The Austrian Empire was not a colonial power in the sense that fellow actors like 19th-century England and France were. It nevertheless oversaw a multinational federation where the capital of Vienna was unmistakably linked with its eastern periphery in a quasi-colonial arrangement that inevitably shaped the cultural and intellectual life of the Habsburg Empire. This was particularly evident in the era's colonial utopian writing, and Tropics of Vienna blends literary criticism, cultural theory, and historical analysis to illuminate this curious genre. By analyzing the works of Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Theodor Herzl, Joseph Roth, and other representative Austrian writers, it reveals a shared longing for alternative social and spatial configurations beyond the concept of the "nation-state" prevalent at the time.
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