The Elements of Moral Philosophy

Author: James Rachels

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780070525603

Category: Ethics

Page: 232

View: 776

Firmly established as the standard text for undergraduate courses in ethics, this concise, lively book combines clear explanations of the main theories of ethics with discussions of interesting examples. Topics covered include famine relief, euthanasia, homosexuality, and the treatment of animals. The text's versatility allows it to be widely used not only in ethical theory courses, but also in applied ethics courses of all kinds.
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The Legacy of Socrates

Essays in Moral Philosophy

Author: James Rachels,Stuart Rachels

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231138444

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 1235

James Rachels's philosophical writings address key questions of contemporary life and the classic dilemmas of moral philosophy. A leading figure in the development of applied ethics, James Rachels became an influential and sometimes controversial thinker on issues concerning animal rights, euthanasia, bioethics, and moral objectivity. This final collection of James Rachels's work brings together fourteen essays that best summarize Rachels's philosophical positions. The essays also shed new light on the depth and breadth of Rachels's work and its importance for contemporary philosophy. Written in Rachels's characteristically lucid, literary prose, these essays address the relationship between morality and reason, the duty to relieve both human and animal suffering, the independence of morality from religion, the rejection of relativism and egoism, and the role of ethics in a democratic society. Rachels offers an argument for vegetarianism, examines a controversial case involving a surrogate mother, and speculates on the ethics of political killing. Other essays range from Rachels's interpretation of Nietzsche's philosophy to his appreciation of movies. Rachels was a strong believer in the ability of moral philosophy to improve our lives. This collection, which brings these important works together for the first time, is a testament to both the value of moral philosophy in understanding our world and the richness of Rachels's contributions to this understanding.
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Praktische Ethik

Author: Peter Singer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150189191

Category: Ethics

Page: 564

View: 6214

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The elements of moral philosophy, in three books with a brief account of the nature, progress, and origin of philosophy

Author: David Fordyce,Thomas D. Kennedy

Publisher: Liberty Fund Inc.

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 212

View: 524

Though little known today, David Fordyce was an important figure in the Scottish Enlightenment and closely associated with liberal Dissenters in England. His Elements of Moral Philosophywas a notable contribution to the curriculum in moral philosophy and a widely circulated text in moral philosophy in the second half of the eighteenth century. It was first published as part of a comprehensive textbook system in 1748 and as a separate book in 1754. It is the latter that is now being reissued. The significance of The Elementsis evidenced by the fact that it was included practically verbatim in the first edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica(1771). A Brief Account, Fordyce's opening lectures to his Marischal class of 1743/44, has never before been published. David Fordyce(1711-1751) taught at Marischal College, Aberdeen. Thomas D. Kennedyis Associate Professor of Philosophy at Valparaiso University. Knud Haakonssenis Professor of Intellectual History and Director of the Centre for Intellectual History at the University of Sussex, England.
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The Elements of Moral Philosophy

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467248355

Category: Education

Page: 37

View: 1903

Facts101 is your complete guide to The Elements of Moral Philosophy. In this book, you will learn topics such as SUBJECTIVISM IN ETHICS, DOES MORALITY DEPEND ON RELIGION?, ETHICAL EGOISM, and THE IDEA OF A SOCIAL CONTRACT plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
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The Elements of Philosophy

Containing, I. The Most Useful Parts of Logic, ... II. A Brief View Both of ... Moral Philosophy, ... By Samuel Johnson

Author: Samuel Johnson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Ethics

Page: 271

View: 4118

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The Elements of Moral Science

Author: Noah Porter

Publisher: Applewood Books

ISBN: 1429018011

Category: Philosophy

Page: 604

View: 3758

""With our American Philosophy and Religion series, Applewood reissues many primary sources published throughout American history. Through these books, scholars, interpreters, students, and non-academics alike can see the thoughts and beliefs of Americans who came before us.""
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Scottish Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century, Volume I

Morals, Politics, Art, Religion

Author: Aaron Garrett,James A. Harris

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191043435

Category: Philosophy

Page: 448

View: 4630

A History of Scottish Philosophy is a series of collaborative studies by expert authors, each volume being devoted to a specific period. Together they provide a comprehensive account of the Scottish philosophical tradition, from the centuries that laid the foundation of the remarkable burst of intellectual fertility known as the Scottish Enlightenment, through the Victorian age and beyond, when it continued to exercise powerful intellectual influence at home and abroad. The books aim to be historically informative, while at the same time serving to renew philosophical interest in the problems with which the Scottish philosophers grappled, and in the solutions they proposed. This new history of Scottish philosophy will include two volumes that focus on the Scottish Enlightenment. In this volume a team of leading experts explore the ideas, intellectual context, and influence of Hutcheson, Hume, Smith, Reid, and many other thinkers, frame old issues in fresh ways, and introduce new topics and questions into debates about the philosophy of this remarkable period. The contributors explore the distinctively Scottish context of this philosophical flourishing, and juxtapose the work of canonical philosophers with contemporaries now very seldom read. The outcome is a broadening-out, and a filling-in of the detail, of the picture of the philosophical scene of Scotland in the eighteenth century. General Editor: Gordon Graham, Princeton Theological Seminary
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Der Gotteswahn

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843701741

Category: Philosophy

Page: 592

View: 5013

»Religion ist irrational, fortschrittsfeindlich und zerstörerisch.« Richard Dawkins, einer der einflussreichsten Intellektuellen der Gegenwart, zeigt, warum der Glaube an Gott einer vernünftigen Betrachtung nicht standhalten kann. Ein wichtiges Buch, das zu einem brennend aktuellen Thema eindeutig und überzeugend Position bezieht – brillant und bei aller Schärfe humorvoll. Entdecken Sie auch das Hörbuch zu diesem Titel!
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Recht und Frieden in der Philosophie Kants

Akten des X. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses

Author: Kant-Gesellschaft e.V.

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110210347

Category: Philosophy

Page: 3617

View: 7783

The five volumes contain the main papers and lectures of invited speakers that were presented at the X. International Kant Congress in Sao Paolo in 2005.
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Melancholy and the Care of the Soul

Religion, Moral Philosophy and Madness in Early Modern England

Author: Jeremy Schmidt

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754657484

Category: History

Page: 217

View: 9887

This book furthers our understanding of the issue of melancholy in early modern culture by examining the extensive discussions of melancholy in seventeenth- and eighteenth- century religious and moral philosophical publications, many of which have receive
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Issues in Contemporary Philosophy of Religion

Author: Eugene Thomas Long

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401005168

Category: Philosophy

Page: 217

View: 5364

This collection of original articles, written by leading contemporary European and American philosophers of religion, is presented in celebration of the publication of the fiftieth volume of the International Journal for Philosophy of Religion. Following the Editor's Introduction, John Macquarrie, Adriaan Peperzak, and Hent de Vries take up central themes in continental philosophy of religion. Macquarrie analyzes postmodernism and its influence in philosophy and theology. Peperzak argues for a form of universality different from that of modern philosophy, and de Vries analyzes an intrinsic and structural relationship between religion and the media. The next three essays discuss issues in analytic philosophy of religion. Philip Quinn argues that religious diversity reduces the epistemic status of exclusivism and makes it possible for a religious person to be justified while living within a pluralistic environment. William Wainwright plumbs the work of Jonathan Edwards in order to better understand debates concerning freedom, determinism, and the problem of evil, and William Hasker asks whether theological incompatibilism is less inimical to traditional theism than some have supposed. Representing the Thomist tradition, Fergus Kerr challenges standard readings of Aquinas on the arguments for the existence of God. David Griffin analyzes the contributions of process philosophy to the problem of evil and the relation between science and religion. Illustrating comparative approaches, Keith Ward argues that the Semitic and Indian traditions have developed a similar concept of God that should be revised in view of post-Enlightenment theories of the individual and the historical. Keith Yandell explores themes in the Indian metaphysical tradition and considers what account of persons is most in accord with reincarnation and karma doctrines. Feminist philosophy of religion is represented in Pamela Anderson's article, in which she argues for a gender-sensitive and more inclusive approach to the craving for infinitude.
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Hierocles the Stoic

Elements of Ethics, Fragments and Excerpts

Author: Ilaria Ramelli,David Konstan

Publisher: Society of Biblical Lit

ISBN: 1589834186

Category: Philosophy

Page: 179

View: 2325

Hierocles, the Stoic philosopher of the early imperial age, is a crucial witness to Middle and Neo-Stoicism, especially with regard to their ethical philosophy. In this volume, all of Hierocles' surviving works are translated into English for the first time, with the original Greek and a facing English translation: the Elements of Ethics, preserved on papyrus, along with all fragments and excerpts from the treatise On Duties, collected by Stobaeus in the fifth century C.E. and dealing mainly with social relationships, marriage, household, and family. In addition, Ramelli's introductory essay demonstrates how Hierocles was indebted to the Old Stoa and how he modified its doctrines in accord with Middle Stoicism and further developments in philosophy as well as his personal views. Finally, Ramelli's extensive commentary on Hierocles' works clarifies philosophical questions raised by the text and provides rich and updated references to existing scholarship.
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Das Elend der Philosophie

Author: Karl Marx

Publisher: e-artnow

ISBN: 8026870379

Category: Philosophy

Page: 109

View: 1574

Dieses eBook: "Das Elend der Philosophie" ist mit einem detaillierten und dynamischen Inhaltsverzeichnis versehen und wurde sorgfältig korrekturgelesen. Das Elend der Philosophie. Antwort auf Proudhons „Philosophie des Elends“ war eine von Karl Marx 1847 verfasste und gegen Pierre-Joseph Proudhon gerichtete Schrift. Marx hält Proudhons Buch für „im allgemeinen schlecht, ja sehr schlecht“.Es bietet Marx indes willkommene Gelegenheit, weil Proudhon damals als wichtigster Vertreter des französischen Sozialismus gegolten hat, seine eigene materialistische Geschichtsauffassung im Allgemeinen sowie seine politische Ökonomie im Besonderen einem interessierten Publikum gegenüber darzulegen. Proudhon habe die gegenwärtigen Zustände in ihrer Verkettung nicht begriffen, wozu ihm wohl auch die nötigen historischen Kenntnisse (etwa zum Weltmarkt oder zur Sklaverei) fehlten. Hinzu treten einander sich widersprechende philosophische Phrasen, die die logische Konsistenz der angestrebten Theorie noch mehr beeinträchtigen, wobei vielfach Logik durch Rhetorik ersetzt werde. Karl Marx (1818-1883) war ein deutscher Philosoph, Ökonom, Gesellschaftstheoretiker, politischer Journalist, Protagonist der Arbeiterbewegung sowie Kritiker der bürgerlichen Gesellschaft und der Religion. Zusammen mit Friedrich Engels wurde er zum einflussreichsten Theoretiker des Sozialismus und Kommunismus. Bis heute werden seine Theorien kontrovers diskutiert.
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Volume 10: Philosophy of Religion

Author: Guttorm Fløistad

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048135273

Category: Philosophy

Page: 415

View: 6838

The present volume is a continuation of the series Contemporary Philosophy. As with the earlier volumes in the series, the present Chronicles purport to give a survey of significant trends in contemporary philosophy. The need for such surveys has, I believe, increased rather than decreased over the years. The philosophical scene appears, for various reasons, more complex than ever before. The continuing process of specialization in most branches, the increasing contact between p- losophers from various cultures, the emergence of new schools of thought, particularly in philosophical logic and in the philosophy of language and ethics, and the increasing attention being paid to the h- tory of philosophy in discussions of contemporary problems, are the most important contributing factors. Surveys of the present kind are a valuable source of knowledge of this complexity. The surveys may therefore help to strengthen the Socratic element of modern philosophy, the intercultural dialogue or Kommunikationsgemeinschaft. So far, nine volumes have been published in this series, viz. P- losophy of Language and Philosophical Logic (Volume 1), Philosophy of Science (Volume 2), Philosophy of Action (Volume 3), Philosophy of Mind (Volume 4), African Philosophy (Volume 5), Medieval Age P- losophy (Volumes 6/1 and 6/2), Asian Philosophy (Volume 7), Philo- phy of Latin America (Volume 8), and Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art (Volume 9).
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The Elements of Moral Philosophy. in Three Books. ... by the Late Rev. Mr. David Fordyce.

Author: David Fordyce

Publisher: Gale Ecco, Print Editions

ISBN: 9781379564393

Category:

Page: 316

View: 1111

The 18th century was a wealth of knowledge, exploration and rapidly growing technology and expanding record-keeping made possible by advances in the printing press. In its determination to preserve the century of revolution, Gale initiated a revolution of its own: digitization of epic proportions to preserve these invaluable works in the largest archive of its kind. Now for the first time these high-quality digital copies of original 18th century manuscripts are available in print, making them highly accessible to libraries, undergraduate students, and independent scholars. The Age of Enlightenment profoundly enriched religious and philosophical understanding and continues to influence present-day thinking. Works collected here include masterpieces by David Hume, Immanuel Kant, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, as well as religious sermons and moral debates on the issues of the day, such as the slave trade. The Age of Reason saw conflict between Protestantism and Catholicism transformed into one between faith and logic -- a debate that continues in the twenty-first century. ++++ The below data was compiled from various identification fields in the bibliographic record of this title. This data is provided as an additional tool in helping to insure edition identification: ++++ British Library T142182 With a half-title. London: printed for R. and J. Dodsley, 1754. [2],312p.; 12°
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Leviathan

Author: Thomas Hobbes

Publisher: Meiner, F

ISBN: 9783787316991

Category: Philosophy

Page: 674

View: 4266

Vom "Leviathan", einem der bedeutendsten theoretischen Werke über die Ursprünge und Grundlagen der Idee des Staates und der bürgerlichen Gesellschaft, liegt nun erstmalig eine deutschsprachige Ausgabe vor, die den Text der englischen Erstausgabe von 1651 vollständig und nach den allgemein anerkannten philologischen Kriterien textgetreu darbietet. Die Ausgabe enthält die umfangreichen Marginalien der Erstausgabe und ist quellenkritisch kommentiert. Mit einer Einführung, Chronologie, Literaturverzeichnis, Register und umfangreiche Anmerkungen.
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Created from Animals

The Moral Implications of Darwinism

Author: James Rachels

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 245

View: 7328

Argues for the replacement of traditional ideas of human superiority with a more enlightened ethic regarding the value of non-human life, and discusses suicide, euthanasia, and animal rights
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