The Elements of Moral Philosophy

Author: James Rachels

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780070525603

Category: Ethics

Page: 232

View: 1461

Firmly established as the standard text for undergraduate courses in ethics, this concise, lively book combines clear explanations of the main theories of ethics with discussions of interesting examples. Topics covered include famine relief, euthanasia, homosexuality, and the treatment of animals. The text's versatility allows it to be widely used not only in ethical theory courses, but also in applied ethics courses of all kinds.
Release

Created from Animals

The Moral Implications of Darwinism

Author: James Rachels

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 245

View: 6946

Argues for the replacement of traditional ideas of human superiority with a more enlightened ethic regarding the value of non-human life, and discusses suicide, euthanasia, and animal rights
Release

Moral Philosophy: A Reader

Author: Louis P. Pojman,Peter Tramel

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1603845038

Category: Philosophy

Page: 464

View: 5080

This collection of classic and contemporary readings in ethics presents sharp, competing views on a wide range of fundamentally important topics: moral relativism and objectivism, ethical egoism, value theory, utilitarianism, deontological ethics, virtue ethics, ethics and religion, and applied ethics. The Fourth Edition dramatically increases the volume’s utility by expanding and updating the selections and introductions while retaining the structure that has made previous editions so successful.
Release

The Legacy of Socrates

Essays in Moral Philosophy

Author: James Rachels,Stuart Rachels

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231138444

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 5897

James Rachels's philosophical writings address key questions of contemporary life and the classic dilemmas of moral philosophy. A leading figure in the development of applied ethics, James Rachels became an influential and sometimes controversial thinker on issues concerning animal rights, euthanasia, bioethics, and moral objectivity. This final collection of James Rachels's work brings together fourteen essays that best summarize Rachels's philosophical positions. The essays also shed new light on the depth and breadth of Rachels's work and its importance for contemporary philosophy. Written in Rachels's characteristically lucid, literary prose, these essays address the relationship between morality and reason, the duty to relieve both human and animal suffering, the independence of morality from religion, the rejection of relativism and egoism, and the role of ethics in a democratic society. Rachels offers an argument for vegetarianism, examines a controversial case involving a surrogate mother, and speculates on the ethics of political killing. Other essays range from Rachels's interpretation of Nietzsche's philosophy to his appreciation of movies. Rachels was a strong believer in the ability of moral philosophy to improve our lives. This collection, which brings these important works together for the first time, is a testament to both the value of moral philosophy in understanding our world and the richness of Rachels's contributions to this understanding.
Release

Saints and Postmodernism

Revisioning Moral Philosophy

Author: Edith Wyschogrod

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226920436

Category: Philosophy

Page: 298

View: 4594

"In this exciting and important work, Wyschogrod attempts to read contemporary ethical theory against the vast unwieldy tapestry that is postmodernism. . . . [A] provocative and timely study."—Michael Gareffa, Theological Studies "A 'must' for readers interested in the borderlands between philosophy, hagiography, and ethics."—Mark I. Wallace, Religious Studies Review
Release

The Atonement

Author: William Lane Craig

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108614604

Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 1108

How did Christ's death overcome the estrangement and condemnation of sinners before a holy God, so as to reconcile them to Him? A great variety of theories of the atonement have been offered over the centuries to make sense of the fact that Christ by his death has provided the means of reconciliation with God: ransom theories, satisfaction theories, moral influence theories, penal substitution theories, and so on. Competing theories need to be assessed by (i) their accord with biblical data and (ii) their philosophical coherence.
Release

The Elements of Philosophy

Containing, I. The Most Useful Parts of Logic, ... II. A Brief View Both of ... Moral Philosophy, ... By Samuel Johnson

Author: Samuel Johnson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Ethics

Page: 271

View: 2422

Release

Philosophy of Religion

A Beginner's Guide

Author: Charles Taliaferro

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 178074174X

Category: Religion

Page: 232

View: 4882

A much-needed introductory level book on this widely studied subject. Isaac Asimov said that "whatever the tortures of hell, I think the boredom of heaven would be even worse." Such quandaries are the bread and butter of philosophy of religion. Questioning why evil exists, whether God could create a stone he couldn’t lift, and if the wonder of life suggests a Creator, this fascinating branch of philosophy is concerned with arguments for and against religion, and what form an immortal god (or gods) would take if in existence. Assuming no prior knowledge of philosophy from the reader, Taliaferro provides a clear exploration of the discipline, introducing a wide range of philosophers and covering the topics of morality and religion, evil, the afterlife, prayer, and miracles. Also containing sections dedicated to Hinduism, Buddhism and the Eastern religions, this helpful primer is perfect for students or the general reader
Release

The Bloomsbury Handbook of Religion and Nature

The Elements

Author: Laura Hobgood,Whitney Bauman

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1350046833

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 2173

Divided into four parts-Earth, Air, Fire, and Water-this book takes an elemental approach to the study of religion and ecology. It reflects recent theoretical and methodological developments in this field which seek to understand the ways that ideas and matter, minds and bodies exist together within an immanent frame of reference. The Bloomsbury Handbook of Religion and Nature focuses on how these matters materialize in the world around us, thereby addressing key topics in this area of study. The editors provide an extensive introduction to the book, as well as useful introductions to each of its parts. The volume's international contributors are drawn from the USA, South Africa, Netherlands, Norway, Indonesia, and South Korea, and offer a variety of perspectives, voices, cultural settings, and geographical locales. This handbook shows that human concern and engagement with material existence is present in all sectors of the global community, regardless of religious tradition. It challenges the traditional methodological approach of comparative religion, and argues that globalization renders a comparative religious approach to the environment insufficient.
Release

The Right Thing To Do

Basic Readings in Moral Philosophy

Author: James Rachels

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education

ISBN: 0077825993

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 7326

The Right Thing to Do: Basic Readings in Moral Philosophy is a companion reader to the best-selling text: The Elements of Moral Philosophy (0-07-8119065). Authors James Rachels and Stuart Rachels offer engaging, thought-provoking essays on compelling issues that students are familiar with and understand. This rich collection of essays can be used on its own for a course on moral philosophy, or it can be used to supplement other introductory texts.
Release

Religion and Morality

Author: William J. Wainwright

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351905058

Category: Religion

Page: 264

View: 3939

Religion and Morality addresses central issues arising from religion's relation to morality. Part I offers a sympathetic but critical appraisal of the claim that features of morality provide evidence for the truth of religious belief. Part II examines divine command theories, objections to them, and positive arguments in their support. Part III explores tensions between human morality, as ordinarily understood, and religious requirements by discussing such issues as the conflict between Buddhist and Christian pacifism and requirements of justice, whether 'virtue' without a love of God is really a vice, whether the God of the Abrahamic religions could require us to do something that seems clearly immoral, and the ambiguous relations between religious mysticism and moral behavior. Covering a broad range of topics, this book draws on both historical and contemporary literature, and explores afresh central issues of morality and religion offering new insights for students, academics and the general reader interested in philosophy and religion.
Release

Kant: Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason

And Other Writings

Author: Immanuel Kant,Allen Wood,George Di Giovanni

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521599641

Category: Philosophy

Page: 229

View: 3662

Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason is a key element of the system of philosophy which Kant introduced with his Critique of Pure Reason, and a work of major importance in the history of Western religious thought. It represents a great philosopher's attempt to spell out the form and content of a type of religion that would be grounded in moral reason and would meet the needs of ethical life. It includes sharply critical and boldly constructive discussions on topics not often treated by philosophers, including such traditional theological concepts as original sin and the salvation or 'justification' of a sinner, and the idea of the proper role of a church. This volume presents it and three short essays that illuminate it in new translations by Allen Wood and George di Giovanni, with an introduction by Robert Merrihew Adams that locates it in its historical and philosophical context.
Release

Life's Hardest Questions: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy

Author: Frederik Kaufman

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9780072901085

Category: Philosophy

Page: 448

View: 9614

This moral philosophy text with readings embraces Socrates' observation that ethics is "no small matter, but how we ought to live." How ought we to live? This hard question captures the full range of moral inquiry from traditional moral theory to contemporary moral issues, such as abortion, capital punishment, and war. But there is much more to moral philosophy: How should we be as people? When should we forgive? Are we capable of morality? What about non-western ethics? And most distressing of all, why be moral in the first place? These and other challenging questions show the profundity and inescapable importance of moral philosophy for a life worth living. Life's Hardest Questions combines lively and informative introductory discussions with classic and contemporary writings in moral philosophy.
Release

Leviathan

Author: Thomas Hobbes

Publisher: First Avenue Editions

ISBN: 154151842X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 708

View: 4958

During the upheaval of the English Civil War in the seventeenth century, political philosopher Thomas Hobbes composed his masterwork, Leviathan. It was first published in 1651, between the trial and execution of King Charles I and the creation of the Commonwealth of England under Oliver Cromwell. In his book, Hobbes argued that a strong and undivided central government was necessary to maintain societal order. By accepting the rule of a sovereign authority figure—which Hobbes called the "Leviathan" after the biblical sea monster—humans could avoid being ruled instead by self-interest and fear, and so escape humankind's natural state of war and violence. This is an unabridged version of Hobbes's most famous philosophical text, which established social contract theory and remained influential in political philosophy for centuries.
Release

Jewish Religious and Philosophical Ethics

Author: Curtis Hutt,Halla Kim,Berel Dov Lerner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315385724

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 8620

Twentieth century continental thinkers such as Bergson, Levinas and Jonas have brought fresh and renewed attentions to Jewish ethics, yet it still remains fairly low profile in the Anglophone academic world. This collection of critical essays brings together the work of established and up-and-coming scholars from Israel, the United States, and around the world on the topic of Jewish religious and philosophical ethics. The chapters are broken into three main sections – Rabbinics, Philosophy, and Contemporary Challenges. The authors address, using a variety of research strategies, the work of both major and lesser-known figures in historical Jewish religious and philosophical traditions. The book discusses a wide variety of topics related to Jewish ethics, including "ethics and the Mishnah," "Afro Jewish ethics," "Jewish historiographical ethics," as well as the conceptual/philosophical foundations of the law and virtues in the work of Martin Buber, Hermann Cohen, and Baruch Spinoza.The volume closes with four contributions on present-day frontiers in Jewish ethics. As the first book to focus on the nature, scope and ramifications of the Jewish ethics at work in religious and philosophical contexts, this book will be of great interest to anyone studying Jewish Studies, Philosophy and Religion.
Release

Elements of Moral Philosophy

Analytical, Synthetical, and Practical

Author: Hubbard Winslow

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Ethics

Page: 480

View: 8750

Release

The Meaning of Belief

Religion from an Atheist’s Point of View

Author: Tim Crane

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674088832

Category: History

Page: 207

View: 9820

Current debate about religion seems to be going nowhere. Atheists persist with their arguments, many plausible and some unanswerable, but they make no impact on believers. Defenders of religion find atheists equally unwilling to cede ground. Noting that religion is not what atheists think it is, Tim Crane offers a way out of this stalemate.
Release

Good God

The Theistic Foundations of Morality

Author: David Baggett,Jerry L. Walls

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0199751803

Category: Philosophy

Page: 283

View: 8296

Recent advances in the philosophy of language and philosophical and natural theology have reinvigorated the discussion of moral arguments for the existence of God. This is the first book to consolidate these gains into one coherent treatment, which will rigorously demonstrate to a wide readership how effectively various objections to moral apologetics have been answered.
Release

Religion without God

Author: Ronald Dworkin

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674728041

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 7418

In his last book, Ronald Dworkin addresses timeless questions: What is religion and what is God's place in it? What are death and immortality? He joins a sense of cosmic mystery and beauty to the claim that value is objective, independent of mind, and immanent in the world. Belief in God is one manifestation of this view, but not the only one.
Release