The Elements of Moral Philosophy

Author: James Rachels

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780070525603

Category: Ethics

Page: 232

View: 3798

Firmly established as the standard text for undergraduate courses in ethics, this concise, lively book combines clear explanations of the main theories of ethics with discussions of interesting examples. Topics covered include famine relief, euthanasia, homosexuality, and the treatment of animals. The text's versatility allows it to be widely used not only in ethical theory courses, but also in applied ethics courses of all kinds.
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Praktische Ethik

Author: Peter Singer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150189191

Category: Ethics

Page: 564

View: 7660

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The elements of moral philosophy, in three books with a brief account of the nature, progress, and origin of philosophy

Author: David Fordyce,Thomas D. Kennedy

Publisher: Liberty Fund Inc.

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 212

View: 5235

Though little known today, David Fordyce was an important figure in the Scottish Enlightenment and closely associated with liberal Dissenters in England. His Elements of Moral Philosophywas a notable contribution to the curriculum in moral philosophy and a widely circulated text in moral philosophy in the second half of the eighteenth century. It was first published as part of a comprehensive textbook system in 1748 and as a separate book in 1754. It is the latter that is now being reissued. The significance of The Elementsis evidenced by the fact that it was included practically verbatim in the first edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica(1771). A Brief Account, Fordyce's opening lectures to his Marischal class of 1743/44, has never before been published. David Fordyce(1711-1751) taught at Marischal College, Aberdeen. Thomas D. Kennedyis Associate Professor of Philosophy at Valparaiso University. Knud Haakonssenis Professor of Intellectual History and Director of the Centre for Intellectual History at the University of Sussex, England.
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The Legacy of Socrates

Essays in Moral Philosophy

Author: James Rachels,Stuart Rachels

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231138444

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 4061

James Rachels's philosophical writings address key questions of contemporary life and the classic dilemmas of moral philosophy. A leading figure in the development of applied ethics, James Rachels became an influential and sometimes controversial thinker on issues concerning animal rights, euthanasia, bioethics, and moral objectivity. This final collection of James Rachels's work brings together fourteen essays that best summarize Rachels's philosophical positions. The essays also shed new light on the depth and breadth of Rachels's work and its importance for contemporary philosophy. Written in Rachels's characteristically lucid, literary prose, these essays address the relationship between morality and reason, the duty to relieve both human and animal suffering, the independence of morality from religion, the rejection of relativism and egoism, and the role of ethics in a democratic society. Rachels offers an argument for vegetarianism, examines a controversial case involving a surrogate mother, and speculates on the ethics of political killing. Other essays range from Rachels's interpretation of Nietzsche's philosophy to his appreciation of movies. Rachels was a strong believer in the ability of moral philosophy to improve our lives. This collection, which brings these important works together for the first time, is a testament to both the value of moral philosophy in understanding our world and the richness of Rachels's contributions to this understanding.
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Religion ohne Gott

Author: Ronald Dworkin

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518737325

Category: Philosophy

Page: 146

View: 8161

Das Zentrum wahrer Religiosität, so der bekennende Atheist Albert Einstein, sei die Ehrfurcht vor den Mysterien des Universums, »deren höchste Weisheit und strahlende Schönheit wir mit unseren matten Erkenntnisvermögen nur rudimentär begreifen können«. In diesem Sinne sei er, Einstein, ein tiefreligiöser Mensch. Aber was ist religiös an einer solchen Haltung, in der Gott offensichtlich keine Rolle spielt? Mit dieser Frage beschäftigte sich Ronald Dworkin in seinen Einstein-Vorlesungen, die er bis kurz vor seinem Tod zu diesem Buch ausgearbeitet hat. Religion, so seine Antwort, bezeichnet eine Sicht auf die Welt, die von einem tiefen Glauben an objektive Werte getragen wird – etwa daran, dass Geschöpfe eine Würde haben, dass ein Leben erfüllt oder verfehlt sein kann oder dass Schönheit, die uns den Atem raubt, sich nicht als pures Produkt unserer Sinnesorgane erklären lässt. Auch Theisten teilen diese Werte, meinen aber, sie seien gottgegeben. Für Dworkin verhält es sich genau umgekehrt: Die Idee eines Gottes rührt daher, dass es diese Werte wirklich gibt. Und an Gott (oder Götter) zu glauben ist eine Weise, dies auszudrücken, aber nicht die einzige. Von der Physik über die Politik bis hin zum Recht erkundet »Religion ohne Gott« den Perspektivwechsel, der mit einem solchen gottlosen Verständnis von Religion verbunden ist. Das Buch, das mit einer eindrucksvollen Reflexion über Tod und Unsterblichkeit schließt, ist das Vermächtnis eines bekennenden religiösen Atheisten. Es weitet den Blick für das, was wichtig ist.
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Die Philosophie der Freiheit

Grundzüge einer modernen Weltanschauung - Seelische Beobachtungsresultate nach naturwissenschaftlicher Methode

Author: Rudolf Steiner

Publisher: Schwabe AG

ISBN: 3727485000

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 288

View: 836

In seinem philosophischen Hauptwerk, das zugleich Fundament der anthroposophischen Geisteswissenschaft ist, setzt sich Rudolf Steiner mit Grundfragen des Erkenntnisprozesses und der Ethik auseinander.
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The Elements of Moral Philosophy

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467248355

Category: Education

Page: 37

View: 9975

Facts101 is your complete guide to The Elements of Moral Philosophy. In this book, you will learn topics such as SUBJECTIVISM IN ETHICS, DOES MORALITY DEPEND ON RELIGION?, ETHICAL EGOISM, and THE IDEA OF A SOCIAL CONTRACT plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
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The Elements of Moral Science

Author: Noah Porter

Publisher: Applewood Books

ISBN: 1429018011

Category: Philosophy

Page: 604

View: 6115

""With our American Philosophy and Religion series, Applewood reissues many primary sources published throughout American history. Through these books, scholars, interpreters, students, and non-academics alike can see the thoughts and beliefs of Americans who came before us.""
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The Elements of Philosophy

Containing, I. The Most Useful Parts of Logic, ... II. A Brief View Both of ... Moral Philosophy, ... By Samuel Johnson

Author: Samuel Johnson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Ethics

Page: 271

View: 4211

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Ein säkulares Zeitalter

Author: Charles Taylor

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518740407

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1297

View: 3853

Was heißt es, daß wir heute in einem säkularen Zeitalter leben? Was ist geschehen zwischen 1500 – als Gott noch seinen festen Platz im naturwissenschaftlichen Kosmos, im gesellschaftlichen Gefüge und im Alltag der Menschen hatte – und heute, da der Glaube an Gott, jedenfalls in der westlichen Welt, nur noch eine Option unter vielen ist? Um diesen Wandel zu bestimmen und in seinen Folgen für die gegenwärtige Gesellschaft auszuloten, muß die große Geschichte der Säkularisierung in der nordatlantischen Welt von der frühen Neuzeit bis in die Gegenwart erzählt werden – ein herkulisches Unterfangen, dem sich der kanadische Philosoph Charles Taylor in seinem mit Spannung erwarteten neuen Buch stellt. Mit einem Fokus auf dem »lateinischen Christentum«, dem vorherrschenden Glauben in Europa, rekonstruiert er in geradezu verschwenderischem Detail die entscheidenden Entwicklungslinien in den Naturwissenschaften, der Philosophie, der Staats- und Rechtstheorie und in den Künsten. Dem berühmten Diktum von der wissenschaftlich-technischen »Entzauberung der Welt« und anderen eingeschliffenen Säkularisierungstheorien setzt er die These entgegen, daß es die Religion selbst war, die das Säkulare hervorgebracht hat, und entfaltet eine komplexe Mentalitätsgeschichte des modernen Subjekts, das heute im Niemandsland zwischen Glauben und Atheismus gefangen ist.
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Eine Abhandlung über die Prinzipien der menschlichen Erkenntnis

Author: George Berkeley

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3843099189

Category: Philosophy

Page: 100

View: 3769

George Berkeley: Eine Abhandlung über die Prinzipien der menschlichen Erkenntnis Treatise concerning the principles of human knowledge. Erstdruck: Dublin 1710. Der Text folgt der ersten deutschen Übersetzung durch Friedrich Ueberweg von 1869. – Die der Vorlage beigegebene Errata-Liste wurde in den Text eingearbeitet. Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2016. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: George Berkeley's Abhandlung über die Principien der menschlichen Erkenntnis. In's Deutsche übersetzt und mit erläuternden und prüfenden Anmerkungen versehen von Friedrich Ueberweg, Berlin: L. Heimann, 1869 (Philosophische Bibliothek, Bd. 12). Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: George Berkeley als Bischof von John Smybert (1688–1751). Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt.
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Created from Animals

The Moral Implications of Darwinism

Author: James Rachels

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 245

View: 4313

Argues for the replacement of traditional ideas of human superiority with a more enlightened ethic regarding the value of non-human life, and discusses suicide, euthanasia, and animal rights
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Scottish Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century, Volume I

Morals, Politics, Art, Religion

Author: Aaron Garrett,James A. Harris

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191043435

Category: Philosophy

Page: 448

View: 7206

A History of Scottish Philosophy is a series of collaborative studies by expert authors, each volume being devoted to a specific period. Together they provide a comprehensive account of the Scottish philosophical tradition, from the centuries that laid the foundation of the remarkable burst of intellectual fertility known as the Scottish Enlightenment, through the Victorian age and beyond, when it continued to exercise powerful intellectual influence at home and abroad. The books aim to be historically informative, while at the same time serving to renew philosophical interest in the problems with which the Scottish philosophers grappled, and in the solutions they proposed. This new history of Scottish philosophy will include two volumes that focus on the Scottish Enlightenment. In this volume a team of leading experts explore the ideas, intellectual context, and influence of Hutcheson, Hume, Smith, Reid, and many other thinkers, frame old issues in fresh ways, and introduce new topics and questions into debates about the philosophy of this remarkable period. The contributors explore the distinctively Scottish context of this philosophical flourishing, and juxtapose the work of canonical philosophers with contemporaries now very seldom read. The outcome is a broadening-out, and a filling-in of the detail, of the picture of the philosophical scene of Scotland in the eighteenth century. General Editor: Gordon Graham, Princeton Theological Seminary
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The Elements of Politics

Author: Henry Sidgwick

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108043933

Category: Law

Page: 670

View: 6069

An examination of theoretical and practical aspects of governance, published in 1891 by one of Britain's leading political philosophers.
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Hierocles the Stoic

Elements of Ethics, Fragments and Excerpts

Author: Ilaria Ramelli,David Konstan

Publisher: Society of Biblical Lit

ISBN: 1589834186

Category: Philosophy

Page: 179

View: 4727

Hierocles, the Stoic philosopher of the early imperial age, is a crucial witness to Middle and Neo-Stoicism, especially with regard to their ethical philosophy. In this volume, all of Hierocles' surviving works are translated into English for the first time, with the original Greek and a facing English translation: the Elements of Ethics, preserved on papyrus, along with all fragments and excerpts from the treatise On Duties, collected by Stobaeus in the fifth century C.E. and dealing mainly with social relationships, marriage, household, and family. In addition, Ramelli's introductory essay demonstrates how Hierocles was indebted to the Old Stoa and how he modified its doctrines in accord with Middle Stoicism and further developments in philosophy as well as his personal views. Finally, Ramelli's extensive commentary on Hierocles' works clarifies philosophical questions raised by the text and provides rich and updated references to existing scholarship.
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Recht und Frieden in der Philosophie Kants

Akten des X. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses

Author: Kant-Gesellschaft e.V.

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110210347

Category: Philosophy

Page: 3617

View: 7210

The five volumes contain the main papers and lectures of invited speakers that were presented at the X. International Kant Congress in Sao Paolo in 2005.
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Melancholy and the Care of the Soul

Religion, Moral Philosophy and Madness in Early Modern England

Author: Jeremy Schmidt

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754657484

Category: History

Page: 217

View: 4403

This book furthers our understanding of the issue of melancholy in early modern culture by examining the extensive discussions of melancholy in seventeenth- and eighteenth- century religious and moral philosophical publications, many of which have receive
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Kant: Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason

And Other Writings

Author: Immanuel Kant,Allen Wood,George Di Giovanni

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521599641

Category: Philosophy

Page: 229

View: 8293

Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason is a key element of the system of philosophy which Kant introduced with his Critique of Pure Reason, and a work of major importance in the history of Western religious thought. It represents a great philosopher's attempt to spell out the form and content of a type of religion that would be grounded in moral reason and would meet the needs of ethical life. It includes sharply critical and boldly constructive discussions on topics not often treated by philosophers, including such traditional theological concepts as original sin and the salvation or 'justification' of a sinner, and the idea of the proper role of a church. This volume presents it and three short essays that illuminate it in new translations by Allen Wood and George di Giovanni, with an introduction by Robert Merrihew Adams that locates it in its historical and philosophical context.
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Issues in Contemporary Philosophy of Religion

Author: Eugene Thomas Long

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401005168

Category: Philosophy

Page: 217

View: 8651

This collection of original articles, written by leading contemporary European and American philosophers of religion, is presented in celebration of the publication of the fiftieth volume of the International Journal for Philosophy of Religion. Following the Editor's Introduction, John Macquarrie, Adriaan Peperzak, and Hent de Vries take up central themes in continental philosophy of religion. Macquarrie analyzes postmodernism and its influence in philosophy and theology. Peperzak argues for a form of universality different from that of modern philosophy, and de Vries analyzes an intrinsic and structural relationship between religion and the media. The next three essays discuss issues in analytic philosophy of religion. Philip Quinn argues that religious diversity reduces the epistemic status of exclusivism and makes it possible for a religious person to be justified while living within a pluralistic environment. William Wainwright plumbs the work of Jonathan Edwards in order to better understand debates concerning freedom, determinism, and the problem of evil, and William Hasker asks whether theological incompatibilism is less inimical to traditional theism than some have supposed. Representing the Thomist tradition, Fergus Kerr challenges standard readings of Aquinas on the arguments for the existence of God. David Griffin analyzes the contributions of process philosophy to the problem of evil and the relation between science and religion. Illustrating comparative approaches, Keith Ward argues that the Semitic and Indian traditions have developed a similar concept of God that should be revised in view of post-Enlightenment theories of the individual and the historical. Keith Yandell explores themes in the Indian metaphysical tradition and considers what account of persons is most in accord with reincarnation and karma doctrines. Feminist philosophy of religion is represented in Pamela Anderson's article, in which she argues for a gender-sensitive and more inclusive approach to the craving for infinitude.
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A Manual of Ethics

Author: John S. Mackenzie

Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.

ISBN: 1596053151

Category: Philosophy

Page: 472

View: 3098

The ethos of a people... we may say, constitutes the atmosphere in which the best members of a race habitually live...-from "The Virtues"Offered as a textbook for university students and drawing from both classical and modern schools of philosophical thought-from Aristotle and the Bible to Mill, Hume, and Kant-this comprehensive 1901 overview of the universe of ethical thought is still a valuable resource today. The fascinating discussions within explore: .the nature of ethics.the art of conduct.ethics and the physical sciences.ethics and economics.psychological hedonism.the true sense of freedom.the origin of conscience.the moral connoisseur.the general problem of authority.the social universe.theories of punishment.morality and religion.and more.A book to dip into at random or to read in-depth, this is as fresh and original today as it was a century ago.British philosopher JOHN STUART MACKENZIE (1860-1935) was professor of logic and philosophy at the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire, and a fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.
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