The Economic Vote

How Political and Economic Institutions Condition Election Results

Author: Raymond M. Duch,Randolph T. Stevenson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139470620

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8237

This book proposes a selection model for explaining cross-national variation in economic voting: Rational voters condition the economic vote on whether incumbents are responsible for economic outcomes, because this is the optimal way to identify and elect competent economic managers under conditions of uncertainty. This model explores how political and economic institutions alter the quality of the signal that the previous economy provides about the competence of candidates. The rational economic voter is also attentive to strategic cues regarding the responsibility of parties for economic outcomes and their electoral competitiveness. Theoretical propositions are derived, linking variation in economic and political institutions to variability in economic voting. The authors demonstrate that there is economic voting, and that it varies significantly across political contexts. The data consist of 165 election studies conducted in 19 different countries over a 20-year time period.
Release

Economic Analysis of Property Rights

Author: Yoram Barzel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521597135

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 161

View: 3111

This study offers a unified theoretical structure to analyze exchange, formation of economic rights, and organization. The cost of measuring accurately all assets' attributes is prohibitive. Therefore, rights are never fully delineated and others (using theft, adverse selection, free riding, and shirking) may appropriate one's assets. The central question is how people allocate resources and organize their activities to maximize the value of their rights. The approach emphasizes nonmarket constraints, but is also applicable to market economies. It is useful for analyzing allocations within organizations as well as allocation by voting and charity. Chapters have been extended for this second edition and a new chapter devoted to the firm has been added.
Release

Institutions and Ethnic Politics in Africa

Author: Daniel N. Posner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316582973

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 6098

This book presents a theory to account for why and when politics revolves around one axis of social cleavage instead of another. It does so by examining the case of Zambia, where people identify themselves either as members of one of the country's seventy-three tribes or as members of one of its four principal language groups. The book accounts for the conditions under which Zambian political competition revolves around tribal differences and under which it revolves around language group differences. Drawing on a simple model of identity choice, it shows that the answer depends on whether the country operates under single-party or multi-party rule. During periods of single-party rule, tribal identities serve as the axis of electoral mobilization and self-identification; during periods of multi-party rule, broader language group identities play this role. The book thus demonstrates how formal institutional rules determine the kinds of social cleavages that matter in politics.
Release

Voter Turnout

A Social Theory of Political Participation

Author: Meredith Rolfe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107015413

Category: Philosophy

Page: 227

View: 3668

Combines positive political theory, social network research and computational modeling, explaining why some people are more likely to vote than others.
Release

Globalization and Mass Politics

Retaining the Room to Maneuver

Author: Timothy Hellwig

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107075076

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 8468

Analyzes how increases in international trade, finance, and production have altered voter decisions, political party positions, and the issues that parties focus on in postindustrial democracies.
Release

Delegating Powers

A Transaction Cost Politics Approach to Policy Making Under Separate Powers

Author: David Epstein,Sharyn O'Halloran

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521669603

Category: Political Science

Page: 319

View: 6946

In this path-breaking book, David Epstein and Sharyn O'Halloran produce the first unified theory of policy making between the legislative and executive branches. Examining major US policy initiatives from 1947 to 1992, the authors describe the conditions under which the legislature narrowly constrains executive discretion, and when it delegates authority to the bureaucracy. In doing so, the authors synthesize diverse and competitive literatures, from transaction cost and principal-agent theory in economics, to information models developed in both economics and political science, to substantive and theoretical work on legislative organization and on bureaucratic discretion.
Release

Partisan Bonds

Political Reputations and Legislative Accountability

Author: Jeffrey D. Grynaviski

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139485008

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 6626

Political scientists have long painted American voters' dependence on partisan cues at the ballot box as a discouraging consequence of their overall ignorance about politics. Taking on this conventional wisdom, Jeffrey D. Grynaviski advances the provocative theory that voters instead rely on these cues because party brand names provide credible information about how politicians are likely to act in office, despite the weakness of formal party organization in the United States. Among the important empirical implications of his theory, which he carefully supports with rigorous data analysis, are that voter uncertainty about a party's issue positions varies with the level of party unity it exhibits in government, that party preferences in the electorate are strongest among the most certain voters, and that party brand names have meaningful consequences for the electoral strategies of party leaders and individual candidates for office.
Release

Why Governments and Parties Manipulate Elections

Theory, Practice, and Implications

Author: Alberto Simpser

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107311322

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 3175

Why do parties and governments cheat in elections they cannot lose? This book documents the widespread use of blatant and excessive manipulation of elections and explains what drives this practice. Alberto Simpser shows that, in many instances, elections are about more than winning. Electoral manipulation is not only a tool used to gain votes, but also a means of transmitting or distorting information. This manipulation conveys an image of strength, shaping the behavior of citizens, bureaucrats, politicians, parties, unions and businesspeople to the benefit of the manipulators, increasing the scope for the manipulators to pursue their goals while in government and mitigating future challenges to their hold on power. Why Governments and Parties Manipulate Elections provides a general theory about what drives electoral manipulation and empirically documents global patterns of manipulation.
Release

The SAGE Handbook of Electoral Behaviour

Author: Kai Arzheimer,Jocelyn Evans,Michael S. Lewis-Beck

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473959268

Category: Political Science

Page: 1064

View: 6545

The Handbook of Electoral Behaviour is an authoritative and wide ranging survey of this dynamic field, drawing together a team of the world's leading scholars to provide a state-of-the-art review that sets the agenda for future study.
Release

The Routledge Handbook of Elections, Voting Behavior and Public Opinion

Author: Justin Fisher,Edward Fieldhouse,Mark N. Franklin,Rachel Gibson,Marta Cantijoch,Christopher Wlezien

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317494806

Category: Political Science

Page: 550

View: 5504

The study of elections, voting behavior and public opinion are arguably among the most prominent and intensively researched sub-fields within Political Science. It is an evolving sub-field, both in terms of theoretical focus and in particular, technical developments and has made a considerable impact on popular understanding of the core components of liberal democracies in terms of electoral systems and outcomes, changes in public opinion and the aggregation of interests. This handbook details the key developments and state of the art research across elections, voting behavior and the public opinion by providing both an advanced overview of each core area and engaging in debate about the relative merits of differing approaches in a comprehensive and accessible way. Bringing geographical scope and depth, with comparative chapters that draw on material from across the globe, it will be a key reference point both for advanced level students and researchers developing knowledge and producing new material in these sub-fields and beyond. The Routledge Handbook of Elections, Voting Behavior and Public Opinion is an authoritative and key reference text for students, academics and researchers engaged in the study of electoral research, public opinion and voting behavior.
Release

Democracy and the Market

Political and Economic Reforms in Eastern Europe and Latin America

Author: Adam Przeworski

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521423359

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 210

View: 9185

The quest for freedom from hunger and repression has triggered in recent years a worldwide movement toward political democracy and economic rationality. Never have so many people experimented with democratic institutions. At the same time, traditional strategies of economic development have collapsed in Eastern Europe and Latin America and entire economic systems are being transformed on both continents. What should we expect in the countries that venture on the paths to democracy and markets? Will these transitions result in democracies or in new dictatorships? What economic system, new or old, will emerge? This major book analyzes recent events in Eastern Europe and Latin America, focusing on transitions to democracy and market-oriented economic reforms. The author underscores the interdependence of political and economic transformations and draws on extensive local data as part of his analysis. A distinctive feature of the book is that it employs models derived from politics, economics, and game theory. This book will be of particular interest to scholars and graduate students in political science and sociology.
Release

Experimental Political Science

Principles and Practices

Author: B. Kittel,W. Luhan,R. Morton

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137016647

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 796

An exploration of core problems in experimental research on voting behaviour and political institutions, ranging from design and data analysis to inferences with respect to constructs, constituencies and causal claims. The focus of is on the implementation of principles in experimental political science and the reflection of actual practices.
Release

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics

Author: Susan Carol Stokes

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199278480

Category: Political Science

Page: 1021

View: 2020

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics offers a critical survey of the field of empirical political science through the collection of a set of chapters written by 48 top scholars in the discipline of comparative politics
Release

Problem-Driven Political Economy Analysis

The World Bank's Experience

Author: Verena Fritz,Brian Levy,Rachel Ort

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464801223

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 286

View: 7374

This volume presents eight good practice examples of problem-driven political economy analysis conducted at the World Bank, and reflect what the Bank has so far been able to achieve in mainstreaming this approach into its operations and policy dialogue.
Release

The Economic Effects of Constitutions

Author: Torsten Persson,Guido Enrico Tabellini

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262661928

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 306

View: 4708

A broad empirical study of the "missing link" between constitutional systems and economic policy and outcomes.
Release

Veto Players

How Political Institutions Work

Author: George Tsebelis

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400831456

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 9847

Political scientists have long classified systems of government as parliamentary or presidential, two-party or multiparty, and so on. But such distinctions often fail to provide useful insights. For example, how are we to compare the United States, a presidential bicameral regime with two weak parties, to Denmark, a parliamentary unicameral regime with many strong parties? Veto Players advances an important, new understanding of how governments are structured. The real distinctions between political systems, contends George Tsebelis, are to be found in the extent to which they afford political actors veto power over policy choices. Drawing richly on game theory, he develops a scheme by which governments can thus be classified. He shows why an increase in the number of "veto players," or an increase in their ideological distance from each other, increases policy stability, impeding significant departures from the status quo. Policy stability affects a series of other key characteristics of polities, argues the author. For example, it leads to high judicial and bureaucratic independence, as well as high government instability (in parliamentary systems). The propositions derived from the theoretical framework Tsebelis develops in the first part of the book are tested in the second part with various data sets from advanced industrialized countries, as well as analysis of legislation in the European Union. Representing the first consistent and consequential theory of comparative politics, Veto Players will be welcomed by students and scholars as a defining text of the discipline. From the preface to the Italian edition: ? "Tsebelis has produced what is today the most original theory for the understanding of the dynamics of contemporary regimes. . . . This book promises to remain a lasting contribution to political analysis."--Gianfranco Pasquino, Professor of Political Science, University of Bologna
Release

Social Choice and Legitimacy

The Possibilities of Impossibility

Author: John W. Patty,Elizabeth Maggie Penn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139915487

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7976

Governing requires choices, and hence trade-offs between conflicting goals or criteria. This book asserts that legitimate governance requires explanations for such trade-offs and then demonstrates that such explanations can always be found, though not for every possible choice. In so doing, John W. Patty and Elizabeth Maggie Penn use the tools of social choice theory to provide a new and discriminating theory of legitimacy. In contrast with both earlier critics and defenders of social choice theory, Patty and Penn argue that the classic impossibility theorems of Arrow, Gibbard, and Satterthwaite are inescapably relevant to, and indeed justify, democratic institutions. Specifically, these institutions exist to do more than simply make policy - through their procedures and proceedings, these institutions make sense of the trade-offs required when controversial policy decisions must be made.
Release

From Warfare to Wealth

Author: Mark Dincecco,Massimiliano Gaetano Onorato

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107162351

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 200

View: 6949

This book provides a new way to think about long-run economic and political development that speaks to several fundamental debates.
Release

The Oxford Handbook of Political Economy

Author: Barry R. Weingast,Donald Wittman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199548471

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1112

View: 7396

Oxford Handbooks of Political Science are the essential guide to the state of political science today. With engaging contributions from 71 major international scholars, the Oxford Handbook of Political Economy provides the key point of reference for anyone working in political economy and beyond.
Release