The Ecology of Adaptive Radiation

Author: Dolph Schluter

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191588327

Category:

Page: 296

View: 5295

Adaptive radiation is the evolution of diversity within a rapidly multiplying lineage. It can cause a single ancestral species to differentiate into an impressively vast array of species inhabiting a variety of environments. Much of life's diversity has arisen during adaptive radiations. Some of the most famous recent examples include the East African cichlid fishes, the Hawaiian silverswords, and of course, Darwin's Gal--aacute--;pagos finches,. This book evaluates the causes of adaptive radiation. It focuses on the 'ecological' theory of adaptive radiation, a body of ideas that began with Darwin and was developed through the early part of the 20th Century. This theory proposes that phenotypic divergence and speciation in adaptive radiation are caused ultimately by divergent natural selection arising from differences in environment and competition between species. In The Ecology of Adaptive Radiation the author re-evaluates the ecological theory, along with its most significant extensions and challenges, in the light of all the recent evidence. This important book is the first full exploration of the causes of adaptive radiation to be published for decades, written by one of the world's best young evolutionary biologists.
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Fundamentals of Biogeography

Author: Richard John Huggett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134349688

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 8707

Fundamentals of Biogeography presents an accessible, engaging and comprehensive introduction to biogeography, explaining the ecology, geography, history and conservation of animals and plants. Starting with an outline of how species arise, disperse, diversify and become extinct, the book examines: how environmental factors (climate, substrate, topography, and disturbance) influence animals and plants; investigates how populations grow, interact and survive; how communities form and change; and explores the connections between biogeography and conservation. The second edition has been extensively revised and expanded throughout to cover new topics and revisit themes from the first edition in more depth. Illustrated throughout with informative diagrams and attractive photos and including guides to further reading, chapter summaries and an extensive glossary of key terms, Fundamentals of Biogeography clearly explains key concepts in the history, geography and ecology of life systems. In doing so, it tackles some of the most topical and controversial environmental and ethical concerns including species over-exploitation, the impacts of global warming, habitat fragmentation, biodiversity loss and ecosystem restoration.
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Morphometrics for Nonmorphometricians

Author: Ashraf M.T. Elewa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540958525

Category: Computers

Page: 367

View: 1746

This introduction to morphometrics does not rely on complex mathematics and statistics. It includes application case studies in fields ranging from paleontology to evolutionary ecology, and it discusses software for analyzing and comparing shape.
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Proceedings

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biology

Page: N.A

View: 8099

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Bulletin

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Ecology

Page: N.A

View: 2739

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Sparidae

Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and Other Species

Author: Michalis A. Pavlidis,Constantinos C. Mylonas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444392203

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 8055

The Sparidae, commonly known as breams and porgies, is a family of fishes of the order Perciformes, and includes about 115 species of mainly marine coastal fish of high economic value, exploited and farmed for human consumption, as well as for recreational purposes. This landmark publication brings together a huge wealth of information on the biology and culture of gilthead sea bream and other Sparidae species. Commencing with an overview of the current status of aquaculture of Sparidae, the book continues with comprehensive coverage of the family’s phylogeny, evolution and taxonomy, stress and welfare issues, and reproduction and broodstock management. Further chapters include coverage of early development and metabolism, production systems, nutrition, quality, and health management. A final cutting-edge chapter looks at genomic-proteomic research in Sparidae and its application to genetic improvement. With contributions from Europe, the Middle East, Asia, Australasia and North America, carefully drawn together and edited by Professor M. Pavlidis and Dr C. C. Mylonas, themselves well known for their work in this area, Sparidae is an essential purchase for anyone working with this important family of fishes. Fish biologists, fish farmers, aquaculture researchers, and fisheries managers will all find much of great use and interest within this book’s covers. All universities and research establishments where biological sciences, aquaculture and fisheries science are studied and taught should have copies of this excellent book on their shelves.
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Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London

Biological sciences. Series B

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biology

Page: N.A

View: 2617

Each issue of Transactions B is devoted to a specific area of the biological sciences, including clinical science. All papers are peer reviewed and edited to the highest standards. Published on the 29th of each month, Transactions B is essential reading for all biologists.
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The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

Author: Peter Mitchell,Paul Lane

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626155

Category: Social Science

Page: 1080

View: 8742

Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.
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The Evolution and Emergence of RNA Viruses

Author: Edward C. Holmes

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 254

View: 733

While the study of viral evolution has developed rapidly in the last 30 years, little attention has been directed toward linking the mechanisms of viral evolution to the epidemiological outcomes of these processes. This book intends to fill this gap by considering the patterns and processes of viral evolution at all its spatial and temporal scales.
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Metabolic Ecology

A Scaling Approach

Author: Richard M. Sibly,James H. Brown,Astrid Kodric-Brown

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119968518

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 8404

One of the first textbooks in this emerging important field of ecology. Most of ecology is about metabolism: the ways that organisms use energy and materials. The energy requirements of individuals – their metabolic rates – vary predictably with their body size and temperature. Ecological interactions are exchanges of energy and materials between organisms and their environments. So metabolic rate affects ecological processes at all levels: individuals, populations, communities and ecosystems. Each chapter focuses on a different process, level of organization, or kind of organism. It lays a conceptual foundation and presents empirical examples. Together, the chapters provide an integrated framework that holds the promise for a unified theory of ecology. The book is intended to be accessible to upper-level undergraduate, and graduate students, but also of interest to senior scientists. Its easy-to-read chapters and clear illustrations can be used in lecture and seminar courses. Together they make for an authoritative treatment that will inspire future generations to study metabolic ecology.
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Speciation in Birds

Author: Trevor Price

Publisher: Roberts & Company

ISBN: 9780974707785

Category: Nature

Page: 470

View: 3253

In 1990 Sibley and Monroe compiled a list of the world's birds. On that list were 9,672 species. In what has been something of a taxonomic revolution more have been added as vocalizations have been studied and DNA sequenced. Now there are likely to be close to 10,000 recognized extant species of birds, and many times that number that have gone extinct over the past 145 million years or so since the first know fossil bird, Archeopteryx. Speciation in Birds is an authoritative synthesis on the behavioral and genetic causes and consequences of speciation in birds.
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The Pace and Processes of Early Divergence and Stasis

Morphological Evolution in Isolated Populations of the Sulawesi Booted Macaque, Macaca Ochreata (Cercopithecidae)

Author: Robert Rachal Stallmann

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 612

View: 8135

The pace and processes of early divergence and stasis: Morphological evolution in isolated populations of the Sulawesi booted macaque, Macaca ochreata (Cercopithecidae).
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Das Buch des Lebens

wer schrieb den genetischen Code?

Author: Lily E. Kay

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518293461

Category: Genetic code

Page: 556

View: 4875

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Fish Cognition and Behavior

Author: Culum Brown,Kevin Laland,Jens Krause

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444342517

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 472

View: 7375

In the second edition of this fascinating book an international team of experts have been brought together to explore all major areas of fish learning, including: Foraging skills Predator recognition Social organisation and learning Welfare and pain Three new chapters covering fish personality, lateralisation, and fish cognition and fish welfare, have been added to this fully revised and expanded second edition. Fish Cognition and Behavior, Second Edition contains essential information for all fish biologists and animal behaviorists and contains much new information of commercial importance for fisheries managers and aquaculture personnel. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where biological sciences, fisheries and aquaculture are studied and taught will find it an important addition to their shelves.
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Reise um die Welt

Erlebnisse und Forschungen in den Jahren 1832–1836

Author: Charles Darwin

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3111546373

Category: History

Page: 614

View: 9014

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A World of Islands

An Island Studies Reader

Author: Godfrey Baldacchino

Publisher: Institute of Island Studies Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Island ecology

Page: 617

View: 7105

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