The Distracted Mind

Ancient Brains in a High-Tech World

Author: Adam Gazzaley,Larry D. Rosen

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262034948

Category: Psychology

Page: 304

View: 1651

Why our brains aren't built for media multitasking, and how we can learn to live with technology in a more balanced way.

The Distracted Mind

Ancient Brains in a High-Tech World

Author: Adam Gazzaley,Larry D. Rosen

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262336324

Category: Psychology

Page: 304

View: 2250

"Brilliant and practical, just what we need in these techno-human times."--Jack Kornfield, author of The Wise HeartMost of us will freely admit that we are obsessed with our devices. We pride ourselves on our ability to multitask -- read work email, reply to a text, check Facebook, watch a video clip. Talk on the phone, send a text, drive a car. Enjoy family dinner with a glowing smartphone next to our plates. We can do it all, 24/7! Never mind the errors in the email, the near-miss on the road, and the unheard conversation at the table. In The Distracted Mind, Adam Gazzaley and Larry Rosen -- a neuroscientist and a psychologist -- explain why our brains aren't built for multitasking, and suggest better ways to live in a high-tech world without giving up our modern technology. The authors explain that our brains are limited in their ability to pay attention. We don't really multitask but rather switch rapidly between tasks. Distractions and interruptions, often technology-related -- referred to by the authors as "interference" -- collide with our goal-setting abilities. We want to finish this paper/spreadsheet/sentence, but our phone signals an incoming message and we drop everything. Even without an alert, we decide that we "must" check in on social media immediately.Gazzaley and Rosen offer practical strategies, backed by science, to fight distraction. We can change our brains with meditation, video games, and physical exercise; we can change our behavior by planning our accessibility and recognizing our anxiety about being out of touch even briefly. They don't suggest that we give up our devices, but that we use them in a more balanced way.

IDisorder: Understanding Our Obsession with Technology and Overcoming Its Hold on Us

Author: Larry D. Rosen

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 0230117570


Page: 246

View: 6602

An internationally recognized research psychologist and computer educator analyzes the stresses associated with today's perpetually connected world, counseling readers on how to make positive use of technology while avoiding related disorders. 40,000 first printing.

Plato and the Nerd

The Creative Partnership of Humans and Technology

Author: Edward Ashford Lee

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262036487

Category: Science

Page: 266

View: 3627

How humans and technology evolve together in a creative partnership.

Positive Computing

Technology for Wellbeing and Human Potential

Author: Rafael A. Calvo,Dorian Peters

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262028158

Category: Computers

Page: 304

View: 8445

"Calvo and Peters explain that technologists' growing interest in social good is part of a larger public concern about how our digital experience affects our emotions and our quality of life--which itself reflects an emerging focus on humanistic values in many different disciplines. Synthesizing theory, knowledge, and empirical methodologies from a variety of fields, they offer a rigorous and coherent foundational framework for positive computing. Sidebars by experts from psychology, neuroscience, human-computer interaction, and other disciplines supply essential context. Calvo and Peters examine specific well-being factors, including positive emotions, self-awareness, mindfulness, empathy, and compassion, and explore how technology can support these factors. Finally, they offer suggestions for future research and funding." --Publisher's description.

Hamlet's BlackBerry

Building a Good Life in the Digital Age

Author: William Powers

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0061687170

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 347

Our computers and mobile devices do wonderful things for us. But they also impose a burden, making it harder for us to focus, do our best work, build strong relationships, and find the depth and fulfillment we crave. How to solve this problem? Hamlet’s BlackBerry argues that we just need a new way of thinking, an everyday philosophy for life with screens. William Powers sets out to solve what he calls the conundrum of connectedness. Reaching into the past—using his own life as laboratory and object lesson—he draws on some of history’s most brilliant thinkers, from Plato to Shakespeare to Thoreau, to demonstrate that digital connectedness serves us best when it’s balanced by its opposite, disconnectedness. Lively, original, and entertaining, Hamlet’s BlackBerry will challenge you to rethink your digital life.

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Psychology, Technology and Society

Author: Larry D. Rosen,Nancy Cheever,L. Mark Carrier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118772024

Category: Psychology

Page: 592

View: 2523

Edited by three of the world′s leading authorities on the psychology of technology, this new handbook provides a thoughtful and evidence–driven examination of contemporary technology′s impact on society and human behavior. Includes contributions from an international array of experts in the field Features comprehensive coverage of hot button issues in the psychology of technology, such as social networking, Internet addiction and dependency, Internet credibility, multitasking, impression management, and audience reactions to media Reaches beyond the more established study of psychology and the Internet, to include varied analysis of a range of technologies, including video games, smart phones, tablet computing, etc. Provides analysis of the latest research on generational differences, Internet literacy, cyberbullying, sexting, Internet and cell phone dependency, and online risky behavior

The Brain Book

Know Your Own Mind and How to Use it

Author: Peter Russell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135853843

Category: Psychology

Page: 286

View: 1069

First published in 1980. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Understanding Ignorance

The Surprising Impact of What We Don't Know

Author: Daniel R. DeNicola

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262036444

Category: Philosophy

Page: 250

View: 2561

The End of Knowledge -- Omniscience -- Arguments from Ignorance -- 10 Managing Ignorance -- Responding to the Unknown -- Coping with Ignorance -- Transformations in the Dark -- Unpredictability and Commitment -- Chance -- From Possibility to Probability -- The Chance of Rain -- Other Intellectual Tools -- V Ignorance as Horizon -- 11 The Horizon of Ignorance -- Epistemic Luck -- How Learning Creates Ignorance -- Freedom, Creativity, and Ignorance -- Ignorance and the Possible -- Wonder and the Shepherd of Possibilities -- Ever More: A Conclusion -- Epistemology: Context and Content -- Epilogue: Ignorance and Epistemology -- Beyond Propositional Knowledge -- Negation and Complexity -- Bivalency and Scalar Gradience -- Discovery and Justification -- Individual Knowers and Epistemic Communities -- Epistemic Value -- Conclusion -- Notes -- 1 The Impact of Ignorance -- 2 Conceiving Ignorance -- 3 Dwelling in Ignorance -- 4 Innocence and Ignorance -- 5 Mapping Our Ignorance -- 6 Constructed Ignorance -- 7 The Ethics of Ignorance -- 8 Virtues and Vices of Ignorance -- 9 The Limits of the Knowable -- 10 Managing Ignorance -- 11 The Horizon of Ignorance -- Epilogue: Ignorance and Epistemology -- Bibliography -- Index

Rhetorical Analysis

A Brief Guide for Writers

Author: Mark Garrett Longaker,Jeffrey Walker

Publisher: Longman Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780205565702

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 278

View: 2742

Rhetorical Analysis: A Brief Guide for Writers, walk students through the process for doing different kinds of analyses -- argument analysis, structure analysis, style analysis, and more. Shows how to analyze a range of texts, print, visual, and multimedia. Includes authors' own analyses as models for students, as well as 4 complete student model papers. Introduces students to rhetorical concepts (both classical and modern) that are relevant to rhetorical analysis.

The Secret World of the Brain

Author: Catherine Loveday

Publisher: Not Found

ISBN: 9780233004938

Category: Brain

Page: 192

View: 9163

The brain is the most important part of our anatomy - the master controller that tells the other parts of the body what to do and when to do it. This engaging new book delves into how we use our brains in everyday life and uncovers the crucial workings of this vital organ. How does our brain store memories? How does the brain process emotion? How do we recognise faces? What is dreaming? What does it mean to be conscious? How do injuries and diseases disrupt brain function? Are male and female brains any different? What is really happening in the teenage brain? From revealing how the brain controls our basic functions such as speech, vision and movement to how it determines our perceptions, contributes to our personalities and affects our emotions, this beautifully illustrated book unlocks the key questions about the brain.

The Anxiety Epidemic

A Wounded Healer Tells You How to Use Amino Acids to Control Anxiety and Panic Attacks

Author: Billie Jay Sahley

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781889391342

Category: Anxiety

Page: 160

View: 8348


One Bird, One Stone

108 Zen Stories

Author: Sean Murphy

Publisher: Hampton Roads Publishing

ISBN: 1612833128

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 2228

Drawn from the archives of major Zen centers in America and interviews with some of the most seminal figures of American Zen, including Philip Kapleau, Bernie Glassman, Gary Snyder, and Walter Nowick, One Bird, One Stone presents the notable encounters between teachers and students, the moments of insight and wisdom, the quotable quotes, and the humor of Zen as it has flowered in America over the last one hundred-plus years. Murphy, a Zen student and an accomplished writer, conducted numerous personal interviews and distilled over one hundred pithy stories. He covers Zen masters Suzuki, Maezumi, Seung Sahn, Robert Aitken, and Philip Kapleau along with earnest students Gary Snyder, Alan Watts, and Philip Whalen and others.

How to Persuade People Who Don't Want to be Persuaded

Get What You Want -- Every Time!

Author: Joel Bauer,Mark Levy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118040102

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 6767

The art of persuasion as taught by one of the world's most sought-after speakers and pitchmen In this daring book, Joel Bauer teaches you how to persuade by making your messages entertaining. Learn the secrets behind "The Fright Challenge," "The Transformation Mechanism," and other persuasion tactics used by pitchmen, carneys, and conjurors to convince people to their way of thinking. Along with coauthor Mark Levy, Bauer has taken these ethical, entertainment-based techniques, and has made them practical for everyday use-capable of influencing one person or a thousand, in business and in life. Joel Bauer (Los Angeles, CA) is an expert in performance-based live marketing who The Wall Street Journal online referred to as "undoubtedly the chairman of the board" of corporate tradeshow rain-making. Mark Levy (Chester, NJ) has written for the New York Times, has authored or coauthored three books, and is the founder of Levy Innovation, a consulting firm that makes individuals and companies memorable.


Why Today’s Super-Connected Kids Are Growing Up Less Rebellious, More Tolerant, Less Happy--and Completely Unprepared for Adulthood--and What That Means for the Rest of Us

Author: Jean M. Twenge

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1501151983

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 1692

Analyzes how the young people born in the mid-1990s and later significantly differ from those of previous generations, examining how social media and texting may be behind today's unprecedented levels of anxiety, depression, and loneliness.

The Ancient Origins of Consciousness

How the Brain Created Experience

Author: Todd E. Feinberg,Jon M. Mallatt

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262333279

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 8166

How is consciousness created? When did it first appear on Earth, and how did it evolve? What constitutes consciousness, and which animals can be said to be sentient? In this book, Todd Feinberg and Jon Mallatt draw on recent scientific findings to answer these questions -- and to tackle the most fundamental question about the nature of consciousness: how does the material brain create subjective experience? After assembling a list of the biological and neurobiological features that seem responsible for consciousness, and considering the fossil record of evolution, Feinberg and Mallatt argue that consciousness appeared much earlier in evolutionary history than is commonly assumed. About 520 to 560 million years ago, they explain, the great "Cambrian explosion" of animal diversity produced the first complex brains, which were accompanied by the first appearance of consciousness; simple reflexive behaviors evolved into a unified inner world of subjective experiences. From this they deduce that all vertebrates are and have always been conscious -- not just humans and other mammals, but also every fish, reptile, amphibian, and bird. Considering invertebrates, they find that arthropods (including insects and probably crustaceans) and cephalopods (including the octopus) meet many of the criteria for consciousness. The obvious and conventional wisdom--shattering implication is that consciousness evolved simultaneously but independently in the first vertebrates and possibly arthropods more than half a billion years ago. Combining evolutionary, neurobiological, and philosophical approaches allows Feinberg and Mallatt to offer an original solution to the "hard problem" of consciousness.

The Creative Mind

Myths and Mechanisms

Author: Margaret A. Boden,Research Professor of Cognitive Science Margaret A Boden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134379587

Category: Philosophy

Page: 360

View: 3291

How is it possible to think new thoughts? What is creativity and can science explain it? And just how did Coleridge dream up the creatures of The Ancient Mariner? When The Creative Mind: Myths and Mechanisms was first published, Margaret A. Boden's bold and provocative exploration of creativity broke new ground. Boden uses examples such as jazz improvisation, chess, story writing, physics, and the music of Mozart, together with computing models from the field of artificial intelligence to uncover the nature of human creativity in the arts. The second edition of The Creative Mind has been updated to include recent developments in artificial intelligence, with a new preface, introduction and conclusion by the author. It is an essential work for anyone interested in the creativity of the human mind.

Bad Moves

How Decision Making Goes Wrong, and the Ethics of Smart Drugs

Author: Barbara Sahakian,Jamie Nicole LaBuzetta

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199668477

Category: Medical

Page: 167

View: 5617

How do our brains make choices? How do factors such as Alzheimer's or depression impair decision-making? Presenting the latest research on 'hot' and 'cold' decision-making, Barbara Sahakian and Jamie Nicole LaBuzetta look at the therapeutic smart drugs now available, and raise concerns about their unregulated use to enhance mental performance.

The Myth of Multitasking

How "Doing It All" Gets Nothing Done

Author: Dave Crenshaw

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470893486

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 144

View: 7972

In a compelling business fable, The Myth of Multitasking confronts a popular idea that has come to define our hectic, work-a-day world. This simple yet powerful book shows clearly why multitasking is, in fact, a lie that wastes time and costs money. Far from being efficient, multitasking actually damages productivity and relationships at work and at home.

The Outer Limits of Reason

What Science, Mathematics, and Logic Cannot Tell Us

Author: Noson S. Yanofsky

Publisher: Mit Press

ISBN: 9780262529846

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 9768

Many books explain what is known about the universe. This book investigates what cannot be known. Rather than exploring the amazing facts that science, mathematics, and reason have revealed to us, this work studies what science, mathematics, and reason tell us cannot be revealed. In The Outer Limits of Reason, Noson Yanofsky considers what cannot be predicted, described, or known, and what will never be understood. He discusses the limitations of computers, physics, logic, and our own thought processes. Yanofsky describes simple tasks that would take computers trillions of centuries to complete and other problems that computers can never solve; perfectly formed English sentences that make no sense; different levels of infinity; the bizarre world of the quantum; the relevance of relativity theory; the causes of chaos theory; math problems that cannot be solved by normal means; and statements that are true but cannot be proven. He explains the limitations of our intuitions about the world -- our ideas about space, time, and motion, and the complex relationship between the knower and the known. Moving from the concrete to the abstract, from problems of everyday language to straightforward philosophical questions to the formalities of physics and mathematics, Yanofsky demonstrates a myriad of unsolvable problems and paradoxes. Exploring the various limitations of our knowledge, he shows that many of these limitations have a similar pattern and that by investigating these patterns, we can better understand the structure and limitations of reason itself. Yanofsky even attempts to look beyond the borders of reason to see what, if anything, is out there.