The Data Book

Collection and Management of Research Data

Author: Meredith Zozus

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351647733

Category: Computers

Page: 336

View: 8225

The Data Book: Collection and Management of Research Data is the first practical book written for researchers and research team members covering how to collect and manage data for research. The book covers basic types of data and fundamentals of how data grow, move and change over time. Focusing on pre-publication data collection and handling, the text illustrates use of these key concepts to match data collection and management methods to a particular study, in essence, making good decisions about data. The first section of the book defines data, introduces fundamental types of data that bear on methodology to collect and manage them, and covers data management planning and research reproducibility. The second section covers basic principles of and options for data collection and processing emphasizing error resistance and traceability. The third section focuses on managing the data collection and processing stages of research such that quality is consistent and ultimately capable of supporting conclusions drawn from data. The final section of the book covers principles of data security, sharing, and archival. This book will help graduate students and researchers systematically identify and implement appropriate data collection and handling methods.
Release

Research Data Management

Practical Strategies for Information Professionals

Author: Joyce M. Ray

Publisher: Purdue University Press

ISBN: 1557536643

Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

Page: 436

View: 8759

It has become increasingly accepted that important digital data must be retained and shared in order to preserve and promote knowledge, advance research in and across all disciplines of scholarly endeavor, and maximize the return on investment of public funds. To meet this challenge, colleges and universities are adding data services to existing infrastructures by drawing on the expertise of information professionals who are already involved in the acquisition, management and preservation of data in their daily jobs. Data services include planning and implementing good data management practices, thereby increasing researchers' ability to compete for grant funding and ensuring that data collections with continuing value are preserved for reuse. This volume provides a framework to guide information professionals in academic libraries, presses, and data centers through the process of managing research data from the planning stages through the life of a grant project and beyond. It illustrates principles of good practice with use-case examples and illuminates promising data service models through case studies of innovative, successful projects and collaborations. Contributors include: James L. Mullins, Purdue University; MacKenzie Smith, University of California at Davis; Sherry Lake, University of Virginia; John Kunze, University of California; Bernard Reilly, Center for Research Libraries; Jacob Carlson, Purdue University; Melissa Levine, University of Michigan; Jenn Riley, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Jan Brase, German National Library of Science and Technology; Seamus Ross, University of Toronto; Sarah Shreeves, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Jared Lyle, University of Michigan; Michele Kimpton, DuraSpace; Brian Schottlaender, University of California San Diego; Suzie Allard, University of Tennessee; Angus Whyte, Digital Curation Centre; Scott Brandt, Purdue University; Brian Westra, University of Oregon; Geneva Henry, Rice University; Gail Steinhart, Cornell University; and Cliff Lynch, Coalition for Networked Information. Charleston Insights in Library, Information, and Archival Sciences is a new series produced as a collaboration between the organizers of the Charleston Library Conference and Purdue University Press. Volumes in the series focus on important topics in library and information science, presenting the issues in a relatively jargon-free way that is accessible to all types of information professionals.
Release

Managing Research Data

Author: Graham Pryor

Publisher: Facet Publishing

ISBN: 1856047563

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 224

View: 5966

This title defines what is required to achieve a culture of effective data management offering advice on the skills required, legal and contractual obligations, strategies and management plans and the data management infrastructure of specialists and services. Data management has become an essential requirement for information professionals over the last decade, particularly for those supporting the higher education research community, as more and more digital information is created and stored. As budgets shrink and funders of research demand evidence of value for money and demonstrable benefits for society, there is increasing pressure to provide plans for the sustainable management of data. Ensuring that important data remains discoverable, accessible and intelligible and is shared as part of a larger web of knowledge will mean that research has a life beyond its initial purpose and can offer real utility to the wider community. This edited collection, bringing together leading figures in the field from the UK and around the world, provides an introduction to all the key data issues facing the HE and information management communities. Each chapter covers a critical element of data management: • Why manage research data? • The lifecycle of data management • Research data policies: principles, requirements and trends • Sustainable research data • Data management plans and planning • Roles and responsibilities – libraries, librarians and data • Research data management: opportunities and challenges for HEIs • The national data centres • Contrasting national research data strategies: Australia and the USA • Emerging infrastructure and services for research data management and curation in the UK and Europe Readership: This is essential reading for librarians and information professionals working in the higher education sector, the research community, policy makers and university managers. It will also be a useful introduction for students taking courses in information management, archivists and national library services.
Release

Managing and Sharing Research Data

A Guide to Good Practice

Author: Louise Corti,Veerle Van den Eynden,Libby Bishop,Matthew Woollard

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 144629773X

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 8786

Research funders in the UK, USA and across Europe are implementing data management and sharing policies to maximize openness of data, transparency and accountability of the research they support. Written by experts from the UK Data Archive with over 20 years experience, this book gives post-graduate students, researchers and research support staff the data management skills required in today’s changing research environment. The book features guidance on: how to plan your research using a data management checklist how to format and organize data how to store and transfer data research ethics and privacy in data sharing and intellectual property rights data strategies for collaborative research how to publish and cite data how to make use of other people’s research data, illustrated with six real-life case studies of data use.
Release

Data collection and management

a practical guide

Author: Magda Stouthamer-Loeber,Welmoet Bok Van Kammen

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: 9780803956568

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 135

View: 8222

This indispensable tool for proposal writers, research students and project coordinators involved in large-scale data collection offers practical information on managing research projects. The book places emphasis on: applying good standards for data collection and processing; planning research activities; making budgetary decisions and budget control; hiring, training and supervising field interviewing staff; and ensuring high participant acquisition and retention rates, including techniques for locating lost participants. In addition, readers are shown the use of computerized information systems for the tracking of data collected and the data-management process.
Release

Collecting Qualitative Data

A Field Manual for Applied Research

Author: Greg Guest,Emily E. Namey,Marilyn L. Mitchell

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 148330714X

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 8990

Collecting Qualitative Data: A Field Manual for Applied Research provides a very practical, step-by-step guide to collecting and managing qualitative data. The data collection chapters focus on the three most often used forms of qualitative data collection: participant observation, in-depth interviews, and focus groups. The book also contains chapters on other practical aspects of qualitative field research often neglected in textbooks, including sampling, data management, research ethics, and supplementary data collection activities. Designed as an instructional field manual, this textbook includes many checklists and tips for how to use each technique while doing research. It also includes numerous real-life examples and cases, making it easy for readers to see the broader picture.
Release

Data Information Literacy

Librarians, Data, and the Education of a New Generation of Researchers

Author: Jake Carlson,Lisa R. Johnston

Publisher: Purdue University Press

ISBN: 1557536961

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 271

View: 8881

Data information literacy is introduced as a new area of opportunity for librarians seeking to educate the next generation of scholars about best practices when working with research data in a way that is sustainable over the long term.
Release

Management of Data in Clinical Trials

Author: Eleanor McFadden

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470181270

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 9706

A valuable new edition of the trusted, practical guide to managing data in clinical trials Regardless of size, type, or complexity, accurate results for any clinical trial are ultimately determined by the quality of the collected data. Management of Data in Clinical Trials, Second Edition explores data management and trial organization as the keys to developing an accurate and reliable clinical trial. With a focus on the traditional aspects of data collection as well as recent advances in technology, this new edition provides a complete and accessible guide to the management structure of a clinical trial, from planning and development to design and analysis. Practical approaches that result in the collection of complete and timely data are also provided. While maintaining a comprehensive overview of the knowledge and tools that are essential for the organization of a modern clinical trial, the author has expanded the topical coverage in the Second Edition to reflect the possible uses of recent advances in technology in the data collection process. In addition, the Second Edition discusses the impact of international regulations governing the conduct of clinical trials and provides guidelines on ensuring compliance with national requirements. Newly featured topics include: The growing availability of "off-the-shelf" solutions for clinical trials Potential models for collaboration in the conduct of clinical trials between academia and the pharmaceutical industry The increasing use of the Internet in the collection of data and management of trials Regulatory requirements worldwide and compliance with the ICH Good Clinical Practice (GCP) Guidelines Development of Standard Operating Procedures for the conduct of clinical trials Complete with chapter summaries that reinforce key points as well as over one hundred examples, Management of Data in Clinical Trials, Second Edition is an ideal resource for practitioners in the clinical research community who are involved in the development of clinical trials, including data managers, research associates, data coordinators, physicians, and statisticians. This book also serves as an excellent supplemental text for courses in clinical trials at both the undergraduate and graduate levels.
Release

Managing Applied Social Research

Tools, Strategies, and Insights

Author: Laura C. Leviton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118105478

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 2581

Essential management guidance for real-world applied research projects Managing Applied Social Research equips you with the skills, strategies, and knowledge you need to effectively manage research projects. Written by a team of nationally-known researchers, this book covers the systematic management of applied social research studies from 'soup to nuts,' providing researchers with an easy-to-follow process and the tools and templates for improving the quality, ethical conduct, and usefulness of the final products. The authors merge expertise adapted from the field of project management with their decades of experience in using established research methodologies and practices to offer readers; practical examples and insights gleaned from major research houses such as Rand, Urban Institute, Mathematica, American Institutes for Research, and others. Key concepts and methodologies are systematically unpacked, with detailed discussion of both theoretical bases and practical applications in the field. Written in plain English, the case studies and vignettes illustrate typical approaches to different scenarios, and the checklists, templates, and other tools provide guides for action. Starting from basic social research strategies, you'll build an understanding of applied research issues and how projects are best managed in a messy, imperfect world. From conceptualization and proposal through implementation, analysis, and reporting, this book helps you lead your projects to success. Learn the skills and concepts necessary to effectively manage applied research projects for the social science disciplines Anticipate and prepare for common challenges and obstacles Understand the various roles and their requisite tasks and responsibilities Learn strategies for making effective decisions about a study's scope, work, schedule, people, budget, and risks during each phase of the research study Social science research is an essential well of information upon which society is run. Proper management is the key to any research project's success, and success becomes more critical in the field given the potential ramifications in terms of policy and its effects on real, everyday people. Managing Applied Social Research provides sound guidance and expert insight with an essential real-world focus.
Release

Delivering Research Data Management Services

Fundamentals of Good Practice

Author: Graham Pryor,Sarah Jones,Angus Whyte

Publisher: Facet Publishing

ISBN: 1856049337

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 224

View: 3961

Step-by-step guidance to setting up and running effective institutional research data management services to support researchers and networks. The research landscape is changing, with key global research funders now requiring institutions to demonstrate how they will preserve and share research data. However, the practice of structured research data management is very new, and the construction of services remains experimental and in need of models and standards of approach. This groundbreaking guide will lead researchers, institutions and policy makers through the processes needed to set up and run effective institutional research data management services. This ‘how to’ guide provides a step-by-step explanation of the components for an institutional service. Case studies from the newly emerging service infrastructures in the UK, USA and Australia draw out the lessons learnt. Different approaches are highlighted and compared; for example, a researcher-focused strategy from Australia is contrasted with a national, top-down approach, and a national research data management service is discussed as an alternative to institutional services. Key topics covered: • Research data provision • Options and approaches to research data management service provision • A spectrum of roles, responsibilities and competences • A pathway to sustainable research data services: from scoping to sustainability • The range and components of RDM infrastructure and services Case studies: • Johns Hopkins University • University of Southampton • Monash University • The UK Data Service • Jisc Managing Research Data programmes. Readership: This book will be an invaluable guide to those entering a new and untried enterprise. It will be particularly relevant to heads of libraries, information technology managers, research support office staff and research directors planning for these types of services. It will also be of interest to researchers, funders and policy makers as a reference tool for understanding how shifts in policy will have a range of ramifications within institutions. Library and information science students will find it an informative window on an emerging area of practice.
Release

Secure Data Management in Decentralized Systems

Author: Ting Yu,Sushil Jajodia

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387276963

Category: Computers

Page: 462

View: 7063

The field of database security has expanded greatly, with the rapid development of global inter-networked infrastructure. Databases are no longer stand-alone systems accessible only to internal users of organizations. Today, businesses must allow selective access from different security domains. New data services emerge every day, bringing complex challenges to those whose job is to protect data security. The Internet and the web offer means for collecting and sharing data with unprecedented flexibility and convenience, presenting threats and challenges of their own. This book identifies and addresses these new challenges and more, offering solid advice for practitioners and researchers in industry.
Release

Handbook of Research Methods in Public Administration, Second Edition

Author: Gerald J. Miller,Kaifeng Yang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420013276

Category: Political Science

Page: 992

View: 2163

Describing new techniques and novel applications, Handbook of Research Methods in Public Administration, Second Edition demonstrates the use of tools designed to meet the increased complexity of problems in government and non-profit organizations with ever-more rigorous and systematic research. It presents detailed information on conceptualizing, planning, and implementing research projects involving a wide variety of available methodologies. Providing a reference of systematic research methods, this second edition explains how these techniques aid in understanding traditional issues, and reveals how they might be applied to answer emerging theoretical and practical questions. Following a linear, logical organization, this handbook meets systematic goals and objectives through eight groups of chapters. The first group explains the logic of inquiry and the practical problems of locating existing research. The second group deals with research design and the third examines pitfalls in measurement and data collection. The authors give practical, considered advice in the fourth section to anticipate and solve data management problems. They include numerous illustrations to supplement two separate sections devoted to basic and advanced quantitative analysis. The seventh section covers unique analytical techniques used to gain insight specific to the non-market sector’s knotty problems. The final section addresses the impact of research and describes how to overcome illusive, tricky, and sizeable barriers to influence other researchers, decision makers, foundations, and grant making institutions. With a comprehensive survey of research methods and an examination of their practical and theoretical application in the past, present, and future, Handbook of Research Methods in Public Administration, Second Edition gives you the tools to make informed decisions.
Release

Urban and Regional Data Management

UDMS Annual 2011

Author: Sisi Zlatanova,Hugo Ledoux,Elfriede M. Fendel,Massimo Rumor

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415674913

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 260

View: 8333

Human activities as well as various natural phenomena change the environment and impact on the quality of life. Analysis of those dynamics is required for a better understanding of urban modifications, and to facilitate urban growth and development. Research related to the management of urban data has a long tradition. Through the years a variety of challenging research questions has been investigated related to the collection, storage, use and visualisation of the data representing the urban phenomena in a computer-based environment. The role of the citizens and their wellbeing has become a critical aspect in all research and development activities. Since 1971, the Urban Data Management Society (UDMS) has organized international symposia across Europe to promote the development of information systems at a local government level. Initially, the focus of these symposia was mostly on urban applications, but both regional and rural issues have grown in importance over the years. Nowadays, an important aim of UDMS is to provide a forum for people to discuss new approaches, to consider new technologies, and to share practical experiences in the field of urban data management. This book contains a selection of the best 19 out of 42 full papers that were submitted for UDMS 2011. The topics covered represent current trends in urban and regional data management. Urban and Regional Data Management 2011 is divided in four parts: (1) 3D modeling and applications; (2) Data management for local government; (3) Environmental monitoring and assessment; (4) Remote sensing for urban applications, and will proof to be a useful source of information for urban, regional and rural data-related professionals, such as scholars, GIS engineers, geomatic professionals, photogrammetrists, land surveyors, mapping specialists, urban planners and researchers, as well as for postgraduate students and lecturers.
Release

Ensuring the Integrity, Accessibility, and Stewardship of Research Data in the Digital Age

Author: Committee on Ensuring the Utility and Integrity of Research Data in a Digital Age,Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy,Policy and Global Affairs,Institute of Medicine,National Academy of Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309136849

Category: Computers

Page: 180

View: 4445

As digital technologies are expanding the power and reach of research, they are also raising complex issues. These include complications in ensuring the validity of research data; standards that do not keep pace with the high rate of innovation; restrictions on data sharing that reduce the ability of researchers to verify results and build on previous research; and huge increases in the amount of data being generated, creating severe challenges in preserving that data for long-term use. Ensuring the Integrity, Accessibility, and Stewardship of Research Data in the Digital Age examines the consequences of the changes affecting research data with respect to three issues - integrity, accessibility, and stewardship-and finds a need for a new approach to the design and the management of research projects. The report recommends that all researchers receive appropriate training in the management of research data, and calls on researchers to make all research data, methods, and other information underlying results publicly accessible in a timely manner. The book also sees the stewardship of research data as a critical long-term task for the research enterprise and its stakeholders. Individual researchers, research institutions, research sponsors, professional societies, and journals involved in scientific, engineering, and medical research will find this book an essential guide to the principles affecting research data in the digital age.
Release

The Data Librarian’s Handbook

Author: Robin Rice,John Southall

Publisher: Facet Publishing

ISBN: 1783300477

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 192

View: 8863

An insider’s guide to data librarianship packed full of practical examples and advice for any library and information professional learning to deal with data. Interest in data has been growing in recent years. Support for this peculiar class of digital information – its use, preservation and curation, and how to support researchers’ production and consumption of it in ever greater volumes to create new knowledge, is needed more than ever. Many librarians and information professionals are finding their working life is pulling them toward data support or research data management but lack the skills required. The Data Librarian’s Handbook, written by two data librarians with over 30 years’ combined experience, unpicks the everyday role of the data librarian and offers practical guidance on how to collect, curate and crunch data for economic, social and scientific purposes. With contemporary case studies from a range of institutions and disciplines, tips for best practice, study aids and links to key resources, this book is a must-read for all new entrants to the field, library and information students and working professionals. Key topics covered include: • the evolution of data libraries and data archives • handling data compared to other forms of information • managing and curating data to ensure effective use and longevity • how to incorporate data literacy into mainstream library instruction and information literacy training • how to develop an effective institutional research data management (RDM) policy and infrastructure • how to support and review a data management plan (DMP) for a project, a key requirement for most research funders • approaches for developing, managing and promoting data repositories • handling and sharing confidential or sensitive data • supporting open scholarship and open science, ensuring data are discoverable, accessible, intelligible and assessable. This title is for the practising data librarian, possibly new in their post with little experience of providing data support. It is also for managers and policy-makers, public service librarians, research data management coordinators and data support staff. It will also appeal to students and lecturers in iSchools and other library and information degree programmes where academic research support is taught.
Release

Enterprise Big Data Engineering, Analytics, and Management

Author: Atzmueller, Martin

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522502947

Category: Computers

Page: 272

View: 7240

The significance of big data can be observed in any decision-making process as it is often used for forecasting and predictive analytics. Additionally, big data can be used to build a holistic view of an enterprise through a collection and analysis of large data sets retrospectively. As the data deluge deepens, new methods for analyzing, comprehending, and making use of big data become necessary. Enterprise Big Data Engineering, Analytics, and Management presents novel methodologies and practical approaches to engineering, managing, and analyzing large-scale data sets with a focus on enterprise applications and implementation. Featuring essential big data concepts including data mining, artificial intelligence, and information extraction, this publication provides a platform for retargeting the current research available in the field. Data analysts, IT professionals, researchers, and graduate-level students will find the timely research presented in this publication essential to furthering their knowledge in the field.
Release

Research Methods in Management

Author: Geoff Lancaster

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136368531

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 3787

Written specifically for the Research Methods aspect of an MBA course, Research Methods in Management is the ideal companion for those needing guidance on carrying out a research project. The author offers a succinct guide to the topic which provides MBA and Business Students with the necessary grounding in the area of research without going into too much depth. The text is therefore written with modular courses in mind so that students gain an overall perspective of the important areas that need consideration and can ascertain the key points they need to be aware of when carrying out research. Dissertations and projects form an integral part of many MBA and degree courses and therefore guides such as this are becoming invaluable when tackling this area for the first time. Research Methods in Management approaches the research task in a step by step manner, covering areas such as data collection, observational methods, and data analysis. Guidance is provided on the best way to approach aspects of the research process and to ensure all aspects are adequately covered. As this is an area where many students feel they do not have any experience, a text such as this provides the necessary support in approaching this area of the course.
Release

Practical Guide to Clinical Data Management, Third Edition

Author: Susanne Prokscha

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439848319

Category: Computers

Page: 296

View: 9606

The management of clinical data, from its collection during a trial to its extraction for analysis, has become a critical element in the steps to prepare a regulatory submission and to obtain approval to market a treatment. Groundbreaking on its initial publication nearly fourteen years ago, and evolving with the field in each iteration since then, the third edition of Practical Guide to Clinical Data Management includes important updates to all chapters to reflect the current industry approach to using electronic data capture (EDC) for most studies. See what’s new in the Third Edition: A chapter on the clinical trial process that explains the high level flow of a clinical trial from creation of the protocol through the study lock and provides the context for the clinical data management activities that follow Reorganized content reflects an industry trend that divides training and standard operating procedures for clinical data management into the categories of study startup, study conduct, and study closeout Coverage of current industry and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approaches and concerns The book provides a comprehensive overview of the tasks involved in clinical data management and the computer systems used to perform those tasks. It also details the context of regulations that guide how those systems are used and how those regulations are applied to their installation and maintenance. Keeping the coverage practical rather than academic, the author hones in on the most critical information that impacts clinical trial conduct, providing a full end-to-end overview or introduction for clinical data managers.
Release

Managing and Mining Sensor Data

Author: Charu C. Aggarwal

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461463092

Category: Computers

Page: 534

View: 9447

Advances in hardware technology have lead to an ability to collect data with the use of a variety of sensor technologies. In particular sensor notes have become cheaper and more efficient, and have even been integrated into day-to-day devices of use, such as mobile phones. This has lead to a much larger scale of applicability and mining of sensor data sets. The human-centric aspect of sensor data has created tremendous opportunities in integrating social aspects of sensor data collection into the mining process. Managing and Mining Sensor Data is a contributed volume by prominent leaders in this field, targeting advanced-level students in computer science as a secondary text book or reference. Practitioners and researchers working in this field will also find this book useful.
Release