The Comparative Political Economy of the Welfare State

Author: Thomas Janoski,Alexander M. Hicks

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521436021

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 395

View: 7548

Comparative research is exploding with alternative methodological and theoretical approaches. In this book, experts in each one of these methods provide a comprehensive explanation and application of time-series, pooled, event history and Boolean methods to substantive problems of the welfare state. Each section of the book focuses on a different method with a general introduction to the methods and then two papers using the method to deal with analysis concerning welfare state problems in a political economy perspective. Scholars concerned with methodology in this area cannot afford to overlook this book because it will help them keep up on proliferating methodologies. Graduate students in political science and sociology will find this book extremely useful in their careers.
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The New Politics of the Welfare State

Author: Paul Pierson

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198297567

Category: Political Science

Page: 514

View: 9400

The welfare states of the affluent democracies now stand at the centre of political discussion and social conflict. In this text, an international team of leading analysts reject simplistic claims about the impact of economic globalization.
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The Political Economy of the Small Welfare State in South Korea

Author: Jae-jin Yang

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108415903

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 474

This book explains why the Korean welfare state is underdeveloped despite successful industrialization, democratization, a militant labor movement, and a centralized meritocracy. Unlike most social science books on Korea, which tend to focus on its developmental state and past years' rapid economic development, this book deals with social welfare issues and politics during the critical junctures in Korea's history: industrialization in the 1960-70s, the democratization and labor movement in the mid-1980s, globalization and the financial crisis in the 1990s and the 'wind of free welfare' in the 2010s. It highlights the self-interested activities of Korea's militant enterprise unionism at variance with those of a more solidaristic industrial unionism in the European welfare states. Korean big business, the chaebol, accommodated the unions' call for higher wages and more corporate welfare, which removed practical incentives for unions to demand social welfare. Korea's single-member-district electoral rules also induce politicians to sell geographically targeted, narrow benefits rather than public welfare for all.
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The Political Economy of the Welfare State in Latin America

Globalization, Democracy, and Development

Author: Alex Segura-Ubiergo

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139464612

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 9376

This book, published in 2007, was one of the first attempts to analyze how developing countries through the early twenty-first century have established systems of social protection, and how these systems have been affected by the processes of globalization and democratization. The book focuses on Latin America to identify factors associated with the evolution of welfare state policies during the pre-globalization period prior to 1979, whilst studying how globalization and democratization have affected governments' fiscal commitment to social spending. In contrast with the Western European experience, more developed welfare systems evolved in countries relatively closed to international trade, while the recent process of globalization that has swept the region has put substantial downward pressure on social security expenditures. Health and education spending has been relatively protected from greater exposure to international markets and has actually increased substantially with the shift to democracy.
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Dismantling the Welfare State?

Reagan, Thatcher and the Politics of Retrenchment

Author: Paul Pierson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316583538

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8071

This book offers a careful examination of the politics of social policy in an era of austerity and conservative governance. Focusing on the administrations of Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher, Pierson provides a compelling explanation for the welfare state's durability and for the few occasions where each government was able to achieve significant cutbacks. The programmes of the modern welfare state - the 'policy legacies' of previous governments - generally proved resistant to reform. Hemmed in by the political supports that have developed around mature social programmes, conservative opponents of the welfare state were successful only when they were able to divide the supporters of social programmes, compensate those negatively affected, or hide what they were doing from potential critics. The book will appeal to those interested in the politics of neo-conservatism as well as those concerned about the development of the modern welfare state. It will attract readers in the fields of comparative politics, public policy, and political economy.
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The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Author: Marius R. Busemeyer,Christine Trampusch

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199599432

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 359

View: 6345

The book examines skill systems and vocational training in a number of coordinated market economies, analysing historical origins and contemporary developments. As well as case studies on Germany, Austria, Switzerland, the Netherlands, and Denmark, it also contains comparative chapters exploring reactions to common challenges.
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Comparative Political Economy

States, Markets and Global Capitalism

Author: Ben Clift

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137406003

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 2096

This new textbook provides an authoritative analysis of Comparative Political Economy and how it can help us to understand the global capitalist marketplace in the 21st century in all its variant forms. The author provides broad-ranging empirical examples throughout and relates classical concerns to current international affairs.
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Sozialpolitik in Deutschland

Historische Entwicklung und internationaler Vergleich

Author: Manfred G. Schmidt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322993698

Category: Political Science

Page: 334

View: 1170

Vier Ziele werden mit diesem Buch angestrebt. Es soll die Leser mit den Grund zügen der Sozialpolitik in Deutschland - vom Deutschen Reich von 1871 bis zur wiedervereinigten Bundesrepublik am Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts - vertraut ma chen. Sodann will es lehren, Deutschlands Sozialpolitik aus dem Blickwinkel des internationalen Vergleichs zu betrachten, beschreiben und erklären. Hierfür wird die Sozialpolitik hierzulande der Politik der sozialen Sicherung anderer Länder gegenübergestellt. Zum Vergleich herangezogen werden vor allem die Demo kratien in Westeuropa, Nordamerika, Japan, Australien und Neuseeland, aber auch die ehemaligen sozialistischen Staaten und ausgewählte Dritte Welt-Län der. Ferner soll das Buch über die Wirkungen der Sozialpolitik auf das wirt schaftliche, soziale und politische Gefüge informieren und sie über Für und Wi der der Sozialpolitik unterrichten. Das gibt den Lesern Materialien zur Debatte um die Probleme des Sozialstaats, dessen Reformbedarf und dessen Leistungen zur Hand. Schlußendlich ist der vorliegende Band als Einführung in die Sozial politik und zugleich als problemorientierte Hinführung zur international verglei chenden Untersuchung von Innenpolitik gedacht. Die hiermit vorgelegte Abhandlung tritt an die Stelle der 1988 publizierten Studie "Sozialpolitik - Historische Entwicklung und internationaler Vergleich" und reicht zugleich weit über sie hinaus. Alle Kapitel des älteren Buches wurden vollständig überarbeitet und aktualisiert.
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Beyond the Welfare State?

The New Political Economy of Welfare

Author: Chris Pierson

Publisher: Polity Press

ISBN: 9780745635217

Category: Fiction

Page: 273

View: 6690

Over the past decade, Beyond the Welfare State? has become established as the key text on the emergence and development of welfare states. It offers a comprehensive and remarkably well–informed introduction to the ever more intense debates that surround the history and, still more importantly, the future of welfare in advanced industrialised states. Comprehensively revised and re–written, this third edition of the book embraces all of the most important theoretical and empirical developments in welfare state studies of recent years. Working within an explicitly comparative framework, the book draws on a wealth of international evidence to survey what are now the most pressing issues surrounding the future of welfare: among them, globalisation, demographic change, declining fertility, postindustrialism and immigration. It draws extensively on the explosion of work on welfare states that has emerged within the North American political science community over the past ten years as well as giving detailed attention to developments with the UK, continental and northern Europe and beyond. Beyond the Welfare State? remains the most comprehensive and up–to–date guide to the complex of issues that surround welfare reform. It is required reading for anyone who wants to come to terms with what is really at stake in arguments about the future of welfare.
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Varieties of Capitalism

The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage

Author: Peter A. Hall,David Soskice

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191530104

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 556

View: 545

What are the most fundamental differences among the political economies of the developed world? How do national institutional differences condition economic performance, public policy, and social well-being? Will they survive the pressures for convergence generated by globalization and technological change? These have long been central questions in comparative political economy. This book provides a new and coherent set of answers to them. Building on the new economics of organization, the authors develop an important new theory about which differences among national political economies are most significant for economic policy and performance. Drawing on a distinction between 'liberal' and 'coordinated' market economies, they argue that there is more than one path to economic success. Nations need not converge to a single Anglo-American model. They develop a new theory of 'comparative institutionaladvantage' that transforms our understanding of international trade, offers new explanations for the response of firms and nations to the challenges of globalization, and provides a new theory of national interest to explain the conduct of nations in international relations. The analysis brings the firm back into the centre of comparative political economy. It provides new perspectives on economic and social policy-making that illuminate the role of business in the development of the welfare state and the dilemmas facing those who make economic policy in the contemporary world. Emphasizing the 'institutional complementarities' that link labour relations, corporate finance, and national legal systems, the authors bring interdisciplinary perspectives to bear on issues of strategic management, economic performance, and institutional change. This pathbreaking work sets new agendas in the study of comparative political economy. As such, it will be of value to academics and graduate students in economics, business, and political science, as well as to many others with interests in international relations, social policy-making, and the law.
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Gendered States

Women, Unemployment Insurance, and the Political Economy of the Welfare State in Canada, 1945-1997

Author: Ann Porter

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9780802084088

Category: Political Science

Page: 355

View: 3740

In the period since the Second World War there has been both a massive influx of women into the Canadian job market and substantive changes to the welfare state as early expansion gave way, by the 1970s, to a prolonged period of retrenchment and restructuring. Through a detailed historical account of the Unemployment Insurance (UI) program from 1945 to 1997, Ann Porter demonstrates how gender was central both to the construction of the post-war welfare state, as well as to its subsequent crisis and restructuring. Drawing on a wide range of sources (including archival material, UI administrative tribunal decisions, and documents from the government, labour and women's groups) she examines the implications of restructuring for women's equality, as well as how women's groups, labour and the state interacted in efforts to shape the policy agenda. Porter argues that, while the post-war welfare state model was based on a family with a single male breadwinner, the new model is one that assumes multiple family earners and encourages employability for both men and women. The result has been greater formal equality for women, but at the same time the restructuring and reduction of benefits have undermined these gains and made women's lives increasingly difficult. Using concepts from political economy, feminism, and public policy, this study will be of interest across a range of disciplines.
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The Politics of Post-Industrial Welfare States

Adapting Post-War Social Policies to New Social Risks

Author: Klaus Armingeon,Giuliano Bonoli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134179103

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 5548

This new study assesses the welfare state to ask key questions and draw new conclusions about its place in modern society. It shows how the welfare states that we have inherited from the early post-war years had one main objective: to protect the income of the male breadwinner. Today, however, massive social change, in particular the shift from industrial to post-industrial societies and economies, have resulted in new demands being put on welfare states. These demands originate from situations that are typical of the new family and labour market structures that have become widespread in western countries since the 1970s and 1980s, characterised by the clear prevalence of service employment and by the massive entry of women in the labour market. Against this background, this book: * presents a precise and clear definition of 'new social risks'. A concept being increasingly used in welfare state literature. * focuses on the groups that are mostly exposed to new social risks (women, the young, the low-skilled) in order to study their political behaviour. * assesses policymaking processes that can lead to successful adaptation. It covers key areas such as child care, care for elderly people, adapting pensions to atypical career patterns, active labour market policies, and policy making at the EU level. This book will be of great interest for all students and scholars of politics, sociology and the welfare state in particular.
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Handbuch Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft

Author: Hans-Joachim Lauth,Marianne Kneuer,Gert Pickel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658023384

Category: Political Science

Page: 969

View: 5563

Das Handbuch Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft stellt - erstmals im deutschsprachigen Raum - Beträge zu den wichtigsten Aspekten der Vergleichenden Politikwissenschaft zusammen. Neben der Darstellung der zentralen Begriffe und Kategorien sowie konzeptionellen und methodischen Ausführungen bietet der Band zudem Übersichten über die relevanten komparativen Forschungen und Forschungsergebnisse in den jeweiligen Bereichen. Mit über sechzig Beträgen wird ein umfassender Überblick zur Entwicklung und aktuellen Situation dieser Teildisziplin gegeben.
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Die Architektur der Märkte

Author: Neil Fligstein

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531159645

Category: Social Science

Page: 263

View: 6576

Die Architektur der Märkte fasst grundlegende Schriften Neil Fligsteins aus verschiedenen Arbeitsphasen zusammen, in denen er eine wirtschaftssoziologische Sicht auf kapitalistische Gesellschaften entwickelt hat. Fligstein hat mit der These von der sozialen Konstruktion oder Architektur von Märkten auf die Bedeutung des Staates und der modernen Unternehmen aufmerksam gemacht und die institutionelle Rahmung des Wirtschaftslebens in den Mittelpunkt gerückt. Der Band hat nach seinem Erscheinen für große Aufmerksamkeit gesorgt und gilt zu Recht als eine der wegweisenden Aufsatzsammlungen der neueren Wirtschaftssoziologie.
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Comparative Political Economy

Author: Georg Menz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199579989

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 6844

This new and comprehensive volume covering the subfield of comparative political economy provides a detailed overview over its intellectual roots, clarifies its contents, and introduces the readers to key debates while identifying new and exciting avenues for future research. Ideas, interests, and institutions have traditionally been the main focus points of this field, but the volume argues that culture provides an additional and often neglected area, providing the 'glue' that keeps national models of capitalism hanging together. The volume also develops pathways beyond the varieties of capitalism paradigm. Building on a thorough and rigorous review of comparative capitalisms and a synthesis of the research strands that have built the bedrock of this subfield, Comparative Political Economy explores the individual components of national models of capitalism and argues that these elements deserve closer scrutiny. Their permutations have been considerable over the past thirty years, and their study permits valuable insights both empirically and theoretically. The empirical coverage of the book includes chapters covering industrial relations, labour markets, systems of education and training, finance, welfare state, and debt. In the conclusion, research pathways forward are identified and the impact of energy security issues and environmental factors on the study of comparative capitalisms will be assessed.
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Wirtschaftsstandort Deutschland

Author: Stefan Empter,Robert B. Vehrkamp

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531147543

Category: Social Science

Page: 511

View: 5680

Der Wirtschaftsstandort Deutschland ist seit einigen Jahren im Gerede: "Abstieg eines Superstars" und "Ist Deutschland noch zu retten?" lauten einschlägige Buchtitel, die den Tenor der öffentlichen Diskussion beherrschen. Fraglich ist dabei, ob derart pauschale Krisenszenarien und Schwarzmalereien einer differenzierten Betrachtung der Standortqualitäten Deutschlands Stand halten können. Dem Band geht es deshalb darum, durch die Darstellung und Auswertung international anerkannter Rankings und Benchmarking-Untersuchungen unterschiedlicher Aspekte der Standortqualitäten eines Landes ein differenziertes Stärken/Schwächen-Profil des Wirtschaftsstandortes Deutschland im internationalen Vergleich vorzulegen, und daraus eine politikfeldbezogene wirtschaftspolitische Agenda zur Sicherung und Verbesserung der Zukunftschancen Deutschlands im globalisierten Standortwettbewerb abzuleiten. Untersucht werden dabei insbesondere die Bereiche "Arbeitsmarkt und Beschäftigung", "Steuer- und Sozialsystem", "Regulierung und Bürokratie" sowie "Bildung und Forschung" und "Familie und Gesundheit".
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Development and Crisis of the Welfare State

Parties and Policies in Global Markets

Author: Evelyne Huber,John D. Stephens

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226356493

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 6677

Evelyne Huber and John D. Stephens offer the most systematic examination to date of the origins, character, effects, and prospects of generous welfare states in advanced industrial democracies in the post—World War II era. They demonstrate that prolonged government by different parties results in markedly different welfare states, with strong differences in levels of poverty and inequality. Combining quantitative studies with historical qualitative research, the authors look closely at nine countries that achieved high degrees of social protection through different types of welfare regimes: social democratic states, Christian democratic states, and "wage earner" states. In their analysis, the authors emphasize the distribution of influence between political parties and labor movements, and also focus on the underestimated importance of gender as a basis for mobilization. Building on their previous research, Huber and Stephens show how high wages and generous welfare states are still possible in an age of globalization and trade competition.
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Immigration and Welfare

Challenging the Borders of the Welfare State

Author: Michael Bommes,Andrew Geddes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134593708

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 3601

Immigration and Welfare avoids simplistic and unhelpful notions of the 'threat' of immigration to analyse the effects of immigration on national welfare states in an integrating Europe. It explores new migration challenges, such as asylum seekers and Europe's increasingly restrictive immigration policies, and looks at the implications of such debates for immigrant and immigrant-origin communities across Europe.
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The Role of Business in the Development of the Welfare State and Labor Markets in Germany

Containing Social Reforms

Author: Thomas Paster

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136498036

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 3446

This book assesses the role of employers in the development of welfare state and labour market institutions. Building on an in-depth analysis of Germany, a market economy known to often provide economic benefits to firms, this book explores one of the most contested issues in the comparative and historical literature on the welfare state. In a departure from existing employer-centered explanations, the author applies new empirical data to contend that the variation in acceptance of social reform depends more on changes in the types of political challenges faced by employers, than on changes in the type of institutions considered economically beneficial. Covering major reforms spanning more than a century of institutional development in unemployment insurance, accident insurance, pensions, collective bargaining, and codetermination, this book argues that employers support social policy as a means to contain political outcomes that would have been worse, including labour unrest and more radical reform plans. Using new and controversial findings on the role of employers in welfare state development, this book considers the conditions for a peaceful coexistence of a generous welfare state and the business world. The Role of Business in the Development of the Welfare State and Labor Markets in Germany will be of interest to students and scholars of welfare and social policy politics, political economy and European politics.
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Welfare Democracies and Party Politics

Explaining Electoral Dynamics in Times of Changing Welfare Capitalism

Author: Philip Manow,Bruno Palier,Hanna Schwander

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192535374

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 5781

Europe's political landscapes are in turmoil, and new radical parties challenge the established political order. This book locates Europe's contemporary challenges within the longer economic and political trajectories of its 'welfare democracies'. The book argues that it is imperative to understand the specific structures of political competition and voter-party links to make sense of the political and economic turmoil of the last decades. In four distinct European welfare democracies (Nordic, Continental, Southern, and Anglo-Saxon), the political economy, the party system, and the structure of the political space are co-determined in a specific way. Accordingly, different packages of policies and politics and distinct patterns of alignment between core electoral groups and political parties exist in the four welfare democracies and shape the reactions of European welfare democracies to the current turmoil. This volume provides an analytical framework that links welfare states to party systems, combining recent contributions to the comparative political economy of the welfare state and insights from party and electoral politics. It states three phenomena. First, concerning electoral politics, the book identifies a certain homogenization of European party systems, the emergence of a new combination of leftist socio-economic and rightist socio-cultural positions in many parties, and, finally, the different electoral success of the radical right in the north of Europe and of the radical left in the south. Secondly, the contributions to this book indicate a confluence toward renewed welfare state support among parties and voters. Thirdly it demonstrates that the Europeanization of political dynamics, combined with incompatible growth models, has created pronounced European cleavages.
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