The Comparative Political Economy of Development

Africa and South Asia

Author: Barbara Harriss-White,Judith Heyer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135171939

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 1695

This book illustrates the enduring relevance and vitality of the comparative political economy of development approach promoted among others by a group of social scientists in Oxford in the 1980s and 1990s. Contributors demonstrate the viability of this approach as researchers and academics become more convinced of the inadequacies of orthodox approaches to the understanding of development. Detailed case material obtained from comparative field research in Africa and South Asia informs analyses of exploitation in agriculture; the dynamics of rural poverty; seasonality; the non farm economy; class formation; labour and unfreedom; the gendering of the labour force; small scale production and contract farming; social networks in industrial clusters; stigma and discrimination in the rural and urban economy and its politics. Reasoned policy suggestions are made and an analysis of the comparative political economy of development approach is applied to the situation of Africa and South Asia. Aptly presenting the relation between theory and empirical material in a dynamic and interactive way, the book offers meaningful and powerful explanations of what is happening in the continent of Africa and the sub-continent of South Asia today. It will be of interest to researchers in the fields of development studies, rural sociology, political economy, policy and practice of development and Indian and African studies.
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The Comparative Political Economy of the Welfare State

Author: Thomas Janoski,Alexander M. Hicks

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521436021

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 395

View: 9526

Comparative research is exploding with alternative methodological and theoretical approaches. In this book, experts in each one of these methods provide a comprehensive explanation and application of time-series, pooled, event history and Boolean methods to substantive problems of the welfare state. Each section of the book focuses on a different method with a general introduction to the methods and then two papers using the method to deal with analysis concerning welfare state problems in a political economy perspective. Scholars concerned with methodology in this area cannot afford to overlook this book because it will help them keep up on proliferating methodologies. Graduate students in political science and sociology will find this book extremely useful in their careers.
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Towards a Comparative Political Economy of Unfree Labour

Case Studies and Debates

Author: Dr Tom Brass,Tom Brass

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317827368

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 6980

Many works about agragarian change in the Third World assumes that unfree relations are to be eliminated in the course of capitalist development. This text argues that the incidence of bonded labour is greater than supposed, and that in certain situations rural employers prefer an unfree workforce.
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A Comparative Political Economy of Industrial Capitalism

Author: R. Mascarenhas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230597807

Category: Political Science

Page: 241

View: 8717

This comparative study of industrial capitalism is an examination of state-economy relations in mixed economies ranging from the interventionist German and Japanese to the less interventionist Anglo-American. Following the postwar consensus that resulted in the 'golden age' (1950-1973) and ended with the energy crisis, the Anglo-American economies adopted neoliberalism while Germany and Japan remained interventionist. This resulted in the emergence of national types of capitalism. While analyzing the increased competition between them, R.C.Mascarenhas also notes the influence of globalization as well as 'alternative capitalism' with the survival and re-emergence of industrial districts.
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Governance and Economic Development

A Comparative Institutional Approach

Author: Joachim Ahrens

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781781959923

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 433

View: 6725

'. . . this volume is an excellent resource for those interested in the analysis of institutions' design and economic development. . .' - Oscar Alfranca, Progress in Development Studies The main theme of this study is the political economy of policy reform in less developed countries and post-socialist countries. Given the complexity of economic development and transition, Joachim Ahrens views failures in policy reform, poor public sector management, rent-seeking, corruption, and over-centralization as systematic, though not exclusive, instances of institutional failure.
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How Institutions Evolve

The Political Economy of Skills in Germany, Britain, the United States, and Japan

Author: Kathleen Thelen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521546744

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 333

View: 2574

Kathleen Thelen explains the historical origins of important cross-national differences in four countries (Germany, Britain, the United States and Japan), and also provides a theory of institutional change over time. The latter is considered a frontier issue in institutionalist analysis, of which there are several varieties emerging from economics, political science, and sociology. Thelen's study contributes to the literature on the political economy of the developed democracies that focuses on different institutional arrangements defining distinctive models of capitalism.
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Comparative Political Economy of East and South Asia

A Critique of Development Policy and Management

Author: R. Mascarenhas

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781349408382

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 220

View: 7321

In this study of the Comparative Political Economy of East and South Asia, the author adopts an interdisciplinary perspective on Third World development, thus recognising the importance of the interrelationships between the economy and the society and emphasising the need to direct attention to political, institutional and historical factors.
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Comparative Political Economy

Author: Georg Menz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199579989

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 8283

This new and comprehensive volume covering the subfield of comparative political economy provides a detailed overview over its intellectual roots, clarifies its contents, and introduces the readers to key debates while identifying new and exciting avenues for future research. Ideas, interests, and institutions have traditionally been the main focus points of this field, but the volume argues that culture provides an additional and often neglected area, providing the 'glue' that keeps national models of capitalism hanging together. The volume also develops pathways beyond the varieties of capitalism paradigm. Building on a thorough and rigorous review of comparative capitalisms and a synthesis of the research strands that have built the bedrock of this subfield, Comparative Political Economy explores the individual components of national models of capitalism and argues that these elements deserve closer scrutiny. Their permutations have been considerable over the past thirty years, and their study permits valuable insights both empirically and theoretically. The empirical coverage of the book includes chapters covering industrial relations, labour markets, systems of education and training, finance, welfare state, and debt. In the conclusion, research pathways forward are identified and the impact of energy security issues and environmental factors on the study of comparative capitalisms will be assessed.
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The Comparative Political Economy of Industrial Relations

Author: Kirsten S. Wever,Lowell Turner

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780913447642

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 8887

The distinguished contributors to this volume discuss the global marketplace; labor movements and industrial restructuring; international trends in work organization in the auto industry; linkages between economic development strategies, industrial relations policy and other related topics.
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The Political Economy of Caribbean Development

Author: M. Bishop

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137316101

Category: Political Science

Page: 257

View: 6255

Studies of the global political economy have rarely engaged with development in the Caribbean, the thought of its indigenous intellectuals, or the non-sovereign territories of the region. Matthew Bishop compares the development of the independent English-speaking islands of St Lucia and St Vincent and their non-sovereign French neighbours, Martinique and Guadeloupe. By explaining how distinctive patterns of British and French colonialism and decolonisation came to bear on them, he investigates how very different patterns of development have subsequently ensued, often with startling consequences in this era of globalization and crisis. By engaging with the empirical reality of the Caribbean, his study sheds light on a range of wider debates relating to development, indigenous thought, post-colonial sovereignty, small states, and the contemporary evolution of the global political economy.
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Political Economy of Adult Learning Systems

Comparative Study of Strategies, Policies and Constraints

Author: Richard Desjardins

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474273661

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 4848

Based on comparative adult education statistics offered by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) and country case studies, this book analyses the policies and structures that foster adult learning. It examines a variety of forms of adult learning, ranging from initial forms of post-compulsory education, such as upper secondary tracks and tertiary education, to firm training, compensatory adult education and learning for civic and leisure oriented purposes. Throughout the book, adult learning systems are directly linked to a variety of structural and public policy frameworks using a comparative welfare state approach. Themes such as pathways to learning and transition systems, participation patterns in higher education and participation patterns in other organized forms of adult learning are covered. The countries discussed are the UK, the USA, Korea, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Germany and the Netherlands. Situated at the intersection between scholarship and policy and using a mixed-methods approach, this title contributes fundamental insights into the further study of policies and structures related to alternative post-compulsory learning pathways.
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The Political Economy of Development in Kenya

Author: Kempe R. Hope

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441191216

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 1279

This critical analysis of sustainable development in post-independence Kenya offers a comprehensive policy framework within the context of the opportunities provided by the 2010 constitution.
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The Economics of Thomas Robert Malthus

Author: Samuel Hollander

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9780802007902

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1053

View: 1411

Hollander investigates the relation of Malthusian economics to that of the other great classicists - particularly Smith, Ricardo, J.B. Say, and the French physiocrats. He redefines our common perception of Malthus's method and character.
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The Political Economy of Pipelines

A Century of Comparative Institutional Development

Author: Jeff D. Makholm

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226502120

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 7079

With global demand for energy poised to increase by more than half in the next three decades, the supply of safe, reliable, and reasonably priced gas and oil will continue to be of fundamental importance to modern economies. Central to this supply are the pipelines that transport this energy. And while the fundamental economics of the major pipeline networks are the same, the differences in their ownership, commercial development, and operation can provide insight into the workings of market institutions in various nations. Drawing on a century of the world’s experience with gas and oil pipelines, this book illustrates the importance of economics in explaining the evolution of pipeline politics in various countries. It demonstrates that institutional differences influence ownership and regulation, while rents and consumer pricing depend on the size and diversity of existing markets, the depth of regulatory institutions, and the historical structure of the pipeline businesses themselves. The history of pipelines is also rife with social conflict, and Makholm explains how and when institutions in a variety of countries have controlled pipeline behavior—either through economic regulation or government ownership—in the public interest.
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States and Development

Historical Antecedents of Stagnation and Advance

Author: M. Lange,D. Rueschemeyer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1403982686

Category: Political Science

Page: 269

View: 6290

One of the most important issues in comparative politics is the relationship between the state and society and the implications of different relationships for long-term social and economic development. Exploring the contribution states can make to overcoming collective action problems and creating collective goods favourable to social, economic, and political development, the contributors to this significant volume examine how state-society relations as well as features of state structure shape the conditions under which states seek to advance development and the conditions that make success more or less likely. Particular focus is given to bureaucratic oversight, market functioning, and the assertion of democratic demands discipline state actions and contribute to state effectiveness. These propositions and the social mechanisms underlying them are examined in comparative historical and cross-national statistical analyses. The conclusion will also evaluate the results for current policy concerns.
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New Tools and New Tests in Comparative Political Economy

The Database of Political Institutions

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Comparative government

Page: 46

View: 8582

"Some say that democracy is more likely to survive under parliamentary governments. That result is not robust to the use of different variables from the Database of Political Institutions, a large new cross-country database that may illuminate many other issues affecting and affected by political institutions"--Cover.
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Routledge Handbook of Comparative Political Institutions

Author: Jennifer Gandhi,Rubén Ruiz-Rufino

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317551796

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 6066

The Routledge Handbook of Comparative Political Institutions (HCPI) is designed to serve as a comprehensive reference guide to our accumulated knowledge and the cutting edge of scholarship about political institutions in the comparative context. It differs from existing handbooks in that it focuses squarely on institutions but also discusses how they intersect with the study of mass behaviour and explain important outcomes, drawing on the perspective of comparative politics. The Handbook is organized into three sections: The first section, consisting of six chapters, is organized around broad theoretical and empirical challenges affecting the study of institutions. It highlights the major issues that emerge among scholars defining, measuring, and analyzing institutions. The second section includes fifteen chapters, each of which handles a different substantive institution of importance in comparative politics. This section covers traditional topics, such as electoral rules and federalism, as well as less conventional but equally important areas, including authoritarian institutions, labor market institutions, and the military. Each chapter not only provides a summary of our current state of knowledge on the topic, but also advances claims that emphasise the research frontier on the topic and that should encourage greater investigation. The final section, encompassing seven chapters, examines the relationship between institutions and a variety of important outcomes, such as political violence, economic performance, and voting behavior. The idea is to consider what features of the political, sociological, and economic world we understand better because of the scholarly attention to institutions. Featuring contributions from leading researchers in the field from the US, UK, Europe and elsewhere, this Handbook will be of great interest to all students and scholars of political institutions, political behaviour and comparative politics. Jennifer Gandhi is Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Emory University. Rubén Ruiz-Rufino is Lecturer in International Politics, Department of Political Economy, King’s College London.
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