The Comparative Political Economy of Development

Africa and South Asia

Author: Barbara Harriss-White,Judith Heyer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135171939

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 9284

This book illustrates the enduring relevance and vitality of the comparative political economy of development approach promoted among others by a group of social scientists in Oxford in the 1980s and 1990s. Contributors demonstrate the viability of this approach as researchers and academics become more convinced of the inadequacies of orthodox approaches to the understanding of development. Detailed case material obtained from comparative field research in Africa and South Asia informs analyses of exploitation in agriculture; the dynamics of rural poverty; seasonality; the non farm economy; class formation; labour and unfreedom; the gendering of the labour force; small scale production and contract farming; social networks in industrial clusters; stigma and discrimination in the rural and urban economy and its politics. Reasoned policy suggestions are made and an analysis of the comparative political economy of development approach is applied to the situation of Africa and South Asia. Aptly presenting the relation between theory and empirical material in a dynamic and interactive way, the book offers meaningful and powerful explanations of what is happening in the continent of Africa and the sub-continent of South Asia today. It will be of interest to researchers in the fields of development studies, rural sociology, political economy, policy and practice of development and Indian and African studies.
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The Comparative Political Economy of the Welfare State

Author: Thomas Janoski,Alexander M. Hicks

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521436021

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 395

View: 1230

Comparative research is exploding with alternative methodological and theoretical approaches. In this book, experts in each one of these methods provide a comprehensive explanation and application of time-series, pooled, event history and Boolean methods to substantive problems of the welfare state. Each section of the book focuses on a different method with a general introduction to the methods and then two papers using the method to deal with analysis concerning welfare state problems in a political economy perspective. Scholars concerned with methodology in this area cannot afford to overlook this book because it will help them keep up on proliferating methodologies. Graduate students in political science and sociology will find this book extremely useful in their careers.
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Towards a Comparative Political Economy of Unfree Labour

Case Studies and Debates

Author: Dr Tom Brass,Tom Brass

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317827368

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 841

Many works about agragarian change in the Third World assumes that unfree relations are to be eliminated in the course of capitalist development. This text argues that the incidence of bonded labour is greater than supposed, and that in certain situations rural employers prefer an unfree workforce.
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The Comparative Political Economy of Industrial Relations

Author: Kirsten S. Wever,Lowell Turner

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780913447642

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 430

The distinguished contributors to this volume discuss the global marketplace; labor movements and industrial restructuring; international trends in work organization in the auto industry; linkages between economic development strategies, industrial relations policy and other related topics.
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Comparative Political Economy of East and South Asia

A Critique of Development Policy and Management

Author: R. Mascarenhas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 033398353X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 220

View: 8867

In this study of the Comparative Political Economy of East and South Asia, the author adopts an interdisciplinary perspective on Third World development, thus recognising the importance of the interrelationships between the economy and the society and emphasising the need to direct attention to political, institutional and historical factors.
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A Comparative Political Economy of Industrial Capitalism

Author: R. Mascarenhas

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781349433049

Category: Political Science

Page: 241

View: 3332

This comparative study of industrial capitalism is an examination of state-economy relations in mixed economies ranging from the interventionist German and Japanese to the less interventionist Anglo-American. Following the postwar consensus that resulted in the 'golden age' (1950-1973) and ended with the energy crisis, the Anglo-American economies adopted neoliberalism while Germany and Japan remained interventionist. This resulted in the emergence of national types of capitalism. While analyzing the increased competition between them, R.C.Mascarenhas also notes the influence of globalization as well as 'alternative capitalism' with the survival and re-emergence of industrial districts.
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The Political Economy of Poverty, Equity and Growth: A Comparative Study

Author: Deepak Lal,H. Myint

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198294328

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 458

View: 6892

This wide-ranging and innovative book synthesises the findings of a major international study of the political economy of poverty, equity, and growth. It is based primarily on analytical economic histories of 21 developing countries from 1950 to 1985, but also takes account of the wider literature on the subject. The authors take an ambitious interdisciplinary approach to identify patterns in the interplay of initial conditions, instiuttions, interests, and ideas which can help toexplain the different growth and poverty alleviation outcomes in the Third World.Three different types of poverty are distinguished, based on their causes, and a more nebulous idea of equityin contrast to egalitarianismis shown to have influenced policy. Since growth is found to be the major means of alleviating mass structural poverty, much of the book is concerned with discovering explanations for policies which are found to be the most important influences on the proximate causes of growth. Lal and Mynt also consider the available evidence on the role of directtransferspublic and privatein alleviating destitution and conjunctural poverty.The Political Economy of Poverty, Equity, and Growth develops a novel framework for the comparative analysis of different growth outcomes. This framework distinguishes between the different relative factor endowments of land, labour, and capital, and between the different organizational structures of pesent versus plantation and mining economies. It also differentiates between the polities of 'autonomous' and 'factional' states in the countries studied, breaking the analysis down intofurther typological subdivisions and providing important new insights into the differing behaviour of economies that are rich in natural resources and those with abundant labour. These insights constitute a richer explanation for the divergent developmental outcomes in East Asia compared with Latin Americaand Africa.The evidence collated is used to argue for the continuing relevance of the classical liberal viewpoint on public policies for development, and to show why, even so, nationalist ideologies are likely to be adopted and lead to cycles of interventionism and liberalism. The evidence is also used to provide an explanation for the surprising current worldwide Age of Reform.
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The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Author: Marius R. Busemeyer,Christine Trampusch

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199599432

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 359

View: 6933

The book examines skill systems and vocational training in a number of coordinated market economies, analysing historical origins and contemporary developments. As well as case studies on Germany, Austria, Switzerland, the Netherlands, and Denmark, it also contains comparative chapters exploring reactions to common challenges.
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Comparative Politics

Rationality, Culture, and Structure

Author: Mark Irving Lichbach,Alan S. Zuckerman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521586689

Category: Political Science

Page: 321

View: 1331

This collection reassesses rational choice theory, culturalist analysis, and structuralist approaches to comparative politics.
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Governance and Economic Development

A Comparative Institutional Approach

Author: Joachim Ahrens

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781781959923

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 433

View: 7256

'. . . this volume is an excellent resource for those interested in the analysis of institutions' design and economic development. . .' - Oscar Alfranca, Progress in Development Studies The main theme of this study is the political economy of policy reform in less developed countries and post-socialist countries. Given the complexity of economic development and transition, Joachim Ahrens views failures in policy reform, poor public sector management, rent-seeking, corruption, and over-centralization as systematic, though not exclusive, instances of institutional failure.
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New Tools and New Tests in Comparative Political Economy

The Database of Political Institutions

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Comparative government

Page: 46

View: 5209

"Some say that democracy is more likely to survive under parliamentary governments. That result is not robust to the use of different variables from the Database of Political Institutions, a large new cross-country database that may illuminate many other issues affecting and affected by political institutions"--Cover.
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Varieties of Capitalism

The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage

Author: Peter A. Hall,David Soskice

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191530104

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 556

View: 2078

What are the most fundamental differences among the political economies of the developed world? How do national institutional differences condition economic performance, public policy, and social well-being? Will they survive the pressures for convergence generated by globalization and technological change? These have long been central questions in comparative political economy. This book provides a new and coherent set of answers to them. Building on the new economics of organization, the authors develop an important new theory about which differences among national political economies are most significant for economic policy and performance. Drawing on a distinction between 'liberal' and 'coordinated' market economies, they argue that there is more than one path to economic success. Nations need not converge to a single Anglo-American model. They develop a new theory of 'comparative institutionaladvantage' that transforms our understanding of international trade, offers new explanations for the response of firms and nations to the challenges of globalization, and provides a new theory of national interest to explain the conduct of nations in international relations. The analysis brings the firm back into the centre of comparative political economy. It provides new perspectives on economic and social policy-making that illuminate the role of business in the development of the welfare state and the dilemmas facing those who make economic policy in the contemporary world. Emphasizing the 'institutional complementarities' that link labour relations, corporate finance, and national legal systems, the authors bring interdisciplinary perspectives to bear on issues of strategic management, economic performance, and institutional change. This pathbreaking work sets new agendas in the study of comparative political economy. As such, it will be of value to academics and graduate students in economics, business, and political science, as well as to many others with interests in international relations, social policy-making, and the law.
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The politics of profit

a comparative political economy analysis of foreign investment, government capacity, and development spending

Author: Jenny Rebecca Kehl

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 480

View: 9545

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The Political Economy of Regional Cooperation

Comparative Case Studies

Author: W. Andrew Axline

Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press

ISBN: 9780838636084

Category: Political Science

Page: 234

View: 7363

This book synthesizes development theory and empirical studies to present a comparative analysis of co-operation in four regions in the developing world: Asia (ASEAN), Latin America (ANDEAN), the Caribbean (CARICOM), and the South Pacific (SPF).
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The Political Economy of European Security

Author: Kaija Schilde

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107198437

Category: Political Science

Page: 302

View: 6295

Looks at how EU political institutions in security and defense have developed through the political economy of interest group intermediation.
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The Political Economy of Development

Development Theory and the Prospects for Change in the Third World

Author: Berch Berberoglu

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791409091

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 7334

This book focuses on the role of the state in economic development in a variety of Third World settings through an in-depth analysis of the past several decades. Berberoglu examines three major alternative development theories: developmentalism, dependency, and neo-Marxist. He then critically analyzes these theories and their variants to set the stage for a detailed examination of various development paths. Two paths of capitalist development are contrasted: the export-oriented neo-colonial model and the import-substituting state-capitalist model. The role of the state in each of these alternatives is discussed in the context of the balance of class forces. Berberoglu also provides case studies of Turkey, Tanzania, Peru, and India -- countries in which the state played a significant role in the development process. In each case, he demonstrates that the process of state-capitalist development inevitably leads to neo-colonialism. This export-oriented path ties Third World countries to centers of world capitalism, with all the consequent contradictions that such a linkage entails. The book outlines the class nature of these contradictions on a global scale and maps out the balance of class forces and struggles, the role of the state, and the resultant revolutionary developments that are part of the process of social change and transformation now under way in many Third World countries. Also included is an appendix highlighting the need for a class-centered approach in development studies.
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