The Colonization of Unfamiliar Landscapes

The Archaeology of Adaptation

Author: Marcy Rockman,James Steele

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134520131

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 1956

This innovative and important volume presents the archaeological and anthropological foundations of the landscape learning process. Contributions apply the related fields of ethnography, cognitive psychology, and historical archaeology to the issues of individual exploration, development of trail systems, folk knowledge, social identity, and the role of the frontier in the growth of the modern world. A series of case studies examines the archaeological evidence for and interpretations of landscape learning from the movement of the first pre-modern humans into Europe, peoplings of the Old and New World at the end of the Ice Age, and colonization of the Pacific, to the English colonists at Jamestown. The final chapters summarize the implications of the landscape learning idea for our understanding of human history and set out a framework for future research.
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Macroevolution in Human Prehistory

Evolutionary Theory and Processual Archaeology

Author: Anna Prentiss,Ian Kuijt,James C. Chatters

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441906827

Category: Social Science

Page: 324

View: 4435

Cultural evolution, much like general evolution, works from the assumption that cultures are descendent from much earlier ancestors. Human culture manifests itself in forms ranging from the small bands of hunters, through intermediate scale complex hunter-gatherers and farmers, to the high density urban settlements and complex polities that characterize much of today’s world. The chapters in the volume examine the dynamic interaction between the micro- and macro-scales of cultural evolution, developing a theoretical approach to the archaeological record that has been termed evolutionary processual archaeology. The contributions in this volume integrate positive elements of both evolutionary and processualist schools of thought. The approach, as explicated by the contributors in this work, offers novel insights into topics that include the emergence, stasis, collapse and extinction of cultural patterns, and development of social inequalities. Consequently, these contributions form a stepping off point for a significant new range of cultural evolutionary studies.
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Human Adaptation in the Asian Palaeolithic

Hominin Dispersal and Behaviour During the Late Quaternary

Author: Ryan J. Rabett

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107018293

Category: History

Page: 372

View: 2087

This book examines the first human colonization of Asia and particularly the tropical environments of Southeast Asia during the Upper Pleistocene. In studying the unique character of the Asian archaeological record, it reassesses long-accepted propositions about the development of human 'modernity.' Ryan J. Rabett reveals an evolutionary relationship between colonization, the challenges encountered during this process - especially in relation to climatic and environmental change - and the forms of behaviour that emerged. This book argues that human modernity is not something achieved in the remote past in one part of the world, but rather is a diverse, flexible, responsive, and ongoing process of adaptation.
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The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

Author: Peter Mitchell,Paul Lane

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626155

Category: Social Science

Page: 1080

View: 2913

Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.
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A Companion to Latin American History

Author: Thomas H. Holloway

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444391640

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 8294

The Companion to Latin American History collects the work of leading experts in the field to create a single-source overview of the diverse history and current trends in the study of Latin America. Presents a state-of-the-art overview of the history of Latin America Written by the top international experts in the field 28 chapters come together as a superlative single source of information for scholars and students Recognizes the breadth and diversity of Latin American history by providing systematic chronological and geographical coverage Covers both historical trends and new areas of interest
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Explorer Travellers and Adventure Tourism

Author: Dr. Jennifer Laing,Dr. Warwick Frost

Publisher: Channel View Publications

ISBN: 1845414608

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 7018

This book examines the nexus between exploring and tourism and argues that exploration travel – based heavily on explorer narratives and the promises of personal challenges and change – is a major trend in future tourism. In particular, it analyses how romanticised myths of explorers form a foundation for how modern day tourists view travel and themselves. Its scope ranges from the 'Golden Age' of imperial explorers in the 19th and early 20th centuries, through the growth of adventure and extreme tourism, to possible future trends including space travel. The volume should appeal to researchers and students across a variety of disciplines, including tourism studies, sociology, geography and history.
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Prehistoric journeys

Author: Vicki Cummings,Robert Johnston

Publisher: Oxbow Books Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 152

View: 5847

This collection of thirteen papers focuses on what it meant to be 'on the move' at different times in prehistory. Ideas of journeys and travel are integral to many traditions of interpreting the prehistoric archaeological record. Travel was after all the driving force behind the formation and transformation of identity. How ironic it is that this feature of prehistory has been so overlooked when the ancient world's 'discovery' in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries occurred primarily as the result of travel. The contributors to this volume see journeys as an integral part of prehistoric life - socially meaningful - which must be understood within their (pre)historic contexts.
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First Peoples in a New World

Colonizing Ice Age America

Author: David J. Meltzer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 446

View: 5567

"Meltzer's compelling account of the data and the debates takes readers behind the scenes of the often contentious arguments that have redirected the scientific pursuit of the first Americans."--Tom D. Dillehay, author of The Settlement of the Americas "In remarkably comprehensive and lucid fashion, Meltzer synthesizes the complex and commonly conflicting evidence for the earliest human presence in the Americas and provides an honestly told lesson about the workings of scientific thought."--David Hurst Thomas, author of Skull Wars "A natural storyteller, David Meltzer gives us a vivid picture of both the colonizing bands of humans who moved into the Americas and the researchers who followed their footsteps from Alaska to Chile. This is an insider's account, told with a keen eye and sense of humor, as if Meltzer were there when discoveries were made and when disputes were aired--as, indeed, he often was."--Ann Gibbons, author of The First Human: The Race to Discover our Earliest Ancestors "The settling of the Americas has been a first-rate scientific puzzle since Columbus stumbled across the peoples of the Caribbean. David Meltzer is its ideal chronicler: a major participant in the research that is unlocking the mystery and a fine writer with a wry humor. Thank goodness there aren't too many scientists like him--science journalists like me would be out of business."--Charles C. Mann, author of 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus
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Historical Geography

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Historical geography

Page: N.A

View: 4152

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The monumental earthworks of Palau, Micronesia

a landscape perspective

Author: Sarah Phear

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 198

View: 633

The specific landscape perspective employed in this study of the monumental earthworks of Badeldaob considers both cultural and environmental concerns of landscape theory, embracing the view that "landscape encompasses both the conceptual and the physical". The earthworks are viewed as but one cultural unit within the history of the settled landscape at Palau. Emphasis is placed on elucidateing the contexts - social and environmental - that led to the construction of these monumental structures and these places.
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ARC

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Archaeology

Page: N.A

View: 3826

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Fragile patterns

the archaeology of the Western Papaguería

Author: Jeffrey H. Altschul,Adrianne G. Rankin

Publisher: Univ of Arizona Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 730

View: 7334

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Landscape History

Journal of the Society for Landscape Studies

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Archaeology

Page: N.A

View: 5436

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Late Paleolithic environments and cultural relations around the Adriatic

Author: Robert Whallon,International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 65

View: 2840

Six papers from a session on Late Paleolithic Environments and Cultural Relations around the Adriatic held at the XV UISPP World Congress (Lisbon, 4-9 September 2006). Contents: 1) New data from the late Upper Palaeolithic site of Fondo Focone (Ugento, Southern Apulia, Italy): the lithic industry of the B trench (Amilcare Bietti and Emanuele Cancellieri); 2 Figuring out no-oneAes land. Why was the Karst deserted in the Late Glacial? (Giovanni Boschian and Fabio Fusco); 3) The Late Epigravettian in Istria. Late Paleolithic colonization and lithic technology in the northern Adriatic area (Darko Komso and Paolo Pellegatti); 4) The Late Glacial aeGreat Adriatic PlainAe: aeGarden of EdenAe or aeNo ManAes LandAe during the Epipalaeolithic? A view from Istria (Croatia) (Preston Miracle); 5 Social and Cultural Integration in the Late Upper Palaeolithic of the Western Balkans (Dusan Mihailovic); 6) Social territories around the Adriatic in the late Pleistocene by Robert Whallon.
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Memory and the Mountain

Environmental Relations of the Wachagga of Kilimanjaro and Implications for Landscape Archaeology

Author: Timothy Clack

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 108

View: 921

This book considers the relationships between memory, experience and landscape from insights gained conducting ethnographic research; its primary focus is the Wachagga of Kilimanjaro, East Africa. In so doing it aims to raise issues relating to interdisciplinary work involving ethnography and landscape archaeology.
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Southern Asia, Australia and the Search for Human Origins

Author: Robin Dennell,Martin Porr

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107017858

Category: History

Page: 342

View: 5030

This volume summarizes what is - and is not - known about the earliest evidence of our species outside Africa, from Arabia to Australia. Most books on the origins of "modern human behavior" and the expansion of our species across the world focus on evidence from Africa, Europe, and the Levant, which have been extensively researched. This book focuses instead on the important areas of southern Asia such as Arabia and India, as well as evidence from Australia, which deserve far wider attention than they have hereto received.
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