The Church in Anglo-Saxon Society

Author: John Blair

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198226950

Category: History

Page: 604

View: 8989

From the impact of the first monasteries in the seventh century, to the emergence of the local parochial system five hundred years later, the Church was a force for change in Anglo-Saxon society. It shaped culture and ideas, social and economic behaviour, and the organization of landscape and settlement. In this innovative study, John Blair brings together written, topographical, and archaeological evidence to build a multi-dimensional picture of what local churches and localcommunities meant to each other in early England.

Kingship, Society, and the Church in Anglo-Saxon Yorkshire

Author: Thomas Pickles

Publisher: Medieval History and Archaeolo

ISBN: 0198818777

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 4562

Inspired by studies of Carolingian Europe, Kingship, Society and the Church in Anglo-Saxon Yorkshire argues that the social strategies of local kin-groups drove conversion to Christianity and church building in Yorkshire from 400-1066 AD. It challenges the emphasis that has been placed on the role and agency of Anglo-Saxon kings in conversion and church building. It moves forward the debate surrounding the 'minster hypothesis' through aninter-disciplinary case study.The kingdom of the Deirans stretched from the Humber to the Tees and the North Sea to the Pennines between 600 and 867. The Scandinavian kings at York probably established anadministration for much of this area between 867 and 954. The West Saxon kings incorporated it into an English kingdom between 954 and 1066 and established the 'shire' from which the name Yorkshire derives.Members of Deiran kin-groups faced uncertainties that predisposed them to consider conversion as a social strategy. Their decision to convert produced a new social fraction - the 'ecclesiastical aristocracy' - with a distinctive but fragile identity. The 'ecclesiasticalaristocracy' transformed kingship, established a network of religious communities, and engaged in the conversion of the laity. The social and political instabilities produced by conversion along withthe fragility of ecclesiastical identity resulted in the expropriation and re-organization of many religious communities. Nevertheless, the Scandinavian and West Saxon kings and their nobles allied with wealthy and influential archbishops of York, and there is evidence for the survival, revival, or foundation of religious communities as well as the establishment of local churches.

Building Anglo-Saxon England

Author: John Blair

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400889901

Category: History

Page: 488

View: 9715

A radical rethinking of the Anglo-Saxon world that draws on the latest archaeological discoveries This beautifully illustrated book draws on the latest archaeological discoveries to present a radical reappraisal of the Anglo-Saxon built environment and its inhabitants. John Blair, one of the world's leading experts on this transformative era in England's early history, explains the origins of towns, manor houses, and castles in a completely new way, and sheds new light on the important functions of buildings and settlements in shaping people's lives during the age of the Venerable Bede and King Alfred. Building Anglo-Saxon England demonstrates how hundreds of recent excavations enable us to grasp for the first time how regionally diverse the built environment of the Anglo-Saxons truly was. Blair identifies a zone of eastern England with access to the North Sea whose economy, prosperity, and timber buildings had more in common with the Low Countries and Scandinavia than the rest of England. The origins of villages and their field systems emerge with a new clarity, as does the royal administrative organization of the kingdom of Mercia, which dominated central England for two centuries. Featuring a wealth of color illustrations throughout, Building Anglo-Saxon England explores how the natural landscape was modified to accommodate human activity, and how many settlements--secular and religious—were laid out with geometrical precision by specialist surveyors. The book also shows how the Anglo-Saxon love of elegant and intricate decoration is reflected in the construction of the living environment, which in some ways was more sophisticated than it would become after the Norman Conquest.

Anglo-Saxon Christianity

Exploring the Earliest Roots of Christian Spirituality in England

Author: Paul Cavill

Publisher: HarperCollins UK

ISBN: 0006281125

Category: Philosophy

Page: 211

View: 3060

Here is a lively, carefully researched and fascinating introduction to the culture and spirituality of the Anglo-Saxons. Following the immense interest in recent years in Celtic spirituality, Paul Cavill's book looks at the impact of Christianity on the pagan Germanic peoples who invaded Britain from the fifth century onwards. Drawing on historical and archaeological evidence, he paints a vivid picture of Anglo-Saxon culture and belief, contrasting this with the Celtic world view, and explaining how the powerful warrior code of the Anglo-Saxon peoples became merged with new Christian values. Quotes from Anglo-Saxon literature include the mighty epic Beowulf, and The Dream of the Rood - surely the most spectacular expression of Anglo-Saxon Christianity - along with Caedmon's beautiful Hymn to creation, a translation of Psalm 136 and numerous miracle stories.

Heaven and Earth in Anglo-Saxon England

Theology and Society in an Age of Faith

Author: Helen Foxhall Forbes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317123069

Category: History

Page: 410

View: 1601

Christian theology and religious belief were crucially important to Anglo-Saxon society, and are manifest in the surviving textual, visual and material evidence. This is the first full-length study investigating how Christian theology and religious beliefs permeated society and underpinned social values in early medieval England. The influence of the early medieval Church as an institution is widely acknowledged, but Christian theology itself is generally considered to have been accessible only to a small educated elite. This book shows that theology had a much greater and more significant impact than has been recognised. An examination of theology in its social context, and how it was bound up with local authorities and powers, reveals a much more subtle interpretation of secular processes, and shows how theological debate affected the ways that religious and lay individuals lived and died. This was not a one-way flow, however: this book also examines how social and cultural practices and interests affected the development of theology in Anglo-Saxon England, and how ’popular’ belief interacted with literary and academic traditions. Through case-studies, this book explores how theological debate and discussion affected the personal perspectives of Christian Anglo-Saxons, including where possible those who could not read. In all of these, it is clear that theology was not detached from society or from the experiences of lay people, but formed an essential constituent part.

The Wealth of Anglo-Saxon England

Author: Peter Sawyer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199253935

Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page: 155

View: 3138

Explains how, on the eve of the Norman Conquest, England had become an exceptionally wealthy, highly urbanized kingdom, with a large, well-controlled coinage of high quality.

Anglo-Saxon Women and the Church

Sharing a Common Fate

Author: Stephanie Hollis

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd

ISBN: 9780851153179

Category: History

Page: 323

View: 8950

A fresh look at the position of women in the 8th and 9th centuries as defined by the literature of the early church.

St. Augustine and the Conversion of England

Author: Richard Gameson

Publisher: Sutton Pub Limited


Category: History

Page: 436

View: 2273

The mission of St Augustine of Canterbury and the subsequent conversion of the pagan Anglo-Saxons to Christianity had dramatic political, social and cultural implications as well as religious ones. The arrival of St Augustine in 597AD redefined England's relations with the continent on one hand and with the Celtic lands on the other; it led to new social mores; it added a new dimension to the political organization of the land; and it imported new forms of culture, notably book production and manuscript illumination.

Christianizing Kinship

Ritual Sponsorship in Anglo-Saxon England

Author: Joseph M Lynch,Joseph H. Lynch

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801435270

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 9178

When Christianity spread from its Mediterranean base into the Germanic and Celtic north, it initiated profound changes, particularly in kinship relations and sexual mores. Joseph H. Lynch traces the introduction and assimilation of the concept of spiritual kinship into Anglo-Saxon England. Covering the years 597 to 1066, he shows how this notion unsettled and in time altered the structures of the society.In early Germanic societies, kinship was a major organizing principle. Spiritual kinship of various kinds began to take hold among the Anglo-Saxons with the arrival of Christian missionaries from Rome in the seventh century. Lynch discusses in detail sponsorship at baptism, confirmation, and other rituals in which an individual other than a biological parent presented someone, often an infant, for initiation into Christianity. After the ceremony, the sponsor was regarded as the child's spiritual parent or godparent, whose role complemented that of the natural mother and father, with whom the sponsor had become a "coparent." He describes the difficulties posed by the incest taboo, which included a ban on marriage between spiritual kin. Lynch's work reveals how Anglo-Saxons, though never accepting the sexual taboos that were so prominent in the Frankish, Roman, and Byzantine churches, did create new forms of spiritual kinship. Unusual in its focus and scope, this book illuminates an integral element in the religious, social, and diplomatic life of Anglo-Saxon England. It also contributes to our understanding of the ways in which Christianization reshaped societal relations and moral attitudes.

Anglo-Saxons in a Frankish World, 690-900

Author: James T. Palmer

Publisher: Brepols Pub


Category: History

Page: 324

View: 5218

"The Anglo-Saxon mission to early medieval Germany and the Netherlands has long been seen as a major contribution to the foundation of Christian Europe. Encouraged by the activities of prominent Anglo-Saxons such as St Willibrord (d. 739) and St Boniface (d. 754), pious men and women left their homes in England to reform and reinvigorate the culture and politics of the Church in Northern Europe, while greatly expanding the frontiers of Christendom. Anglo-Saxons in a Frankish World, 690-900 provides the first major reassessment of the Anglo-Saxons' influence on the Frankish world for fifty years. It argues that, because figures like Boniface were so important to the cult of saints east of the Rhine, stories about them became central to the ways in which different groups responded to the rapidly changing landscape of Carolingian culture and politics. The study draws on letters, charters, and other evidence to recontextualize the numerous hagiographies written about the Anglo-Saxons on the European mainland, while providing fresh perspectives on attitudes to mission, monasticism, authority, and the secular world in East Frankish society."--Back cover.

The Anglo-Saxon Age: A Very Short Introduction

Author: John Blair

Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks

ISBN: 0192854038

Category: History

Page: 85

View: 3414

First published as part of the best-selling The Oxford Illustrated History of Britain, John Blair's Very Short Introduction to the Anglo-Saxon Age covers the emergence of the earliest English settlements to the Norman victory in 1066. This book is a brief introduction to the political, social, religious, and cultural history of Anglo-Saxon England. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Wills and Will-making in Anglo-Saxon England

Author: Linda Tollerton

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd

ISBN: 1903153379

Category: History

Page: 327

View: 4418

A study of the implications and practices of wills and will-making in Anglo-Saxon society, and of the varieties of inheritance strategies and commemorative arrangements adopted.


Murder and Revenge in Anglo-Saxon England

Author: Richard Fletcher

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195179447

Category: History

Page: 230

View: 5237

A rich portrait of Anglo-Saxon England covers the period between the Danish subjugation of the British Isles to the Norman invasion, describing the violence, bloodshed, treachery, and intrigues that marked the Anglo-Saxon era. (History)

Times of Bede

Studies in Early English Christian Society and its Historian

Author: Patrick Wormald

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470692650

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 3489

Written by the late Patrick Wormald, one of the leading authorities on Bede’s life and work over a 30-year period, this book is a collection of studies on Bede and early English Christian society. A collection of studies on Bede, the greatest historian of the English Middle Ages, and the early English church. Integrates the religious, intellectual, political and social history of the English in their first Christian centuries. Looks at how Bede and other writers charted the establishment of a Christian community within a warrior society. Features the first map of all known or likely early Christian communities in England. Includes plans and illustrations of the finest early Christian church in England at Brixworth. An appendix considers Bede’s treatment of St. Hilda, the first great English female saint.

Anglo-Saxon Architecture 3 Part Set

Author: H. M. Taylor,Joan Taylor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107691469

Category: Architecture

Page: 1254

View: 7837

This work is a complete catalogue of the Anglo-Saxon fabric surviving in the churches of England. Volumes I and II were originally published in hardback in 1965, with paperback editions appearing alongside the newly commissioned Volume III in the 1980s. Together, the three volumes provide an invaluable resource for the study of Anglo-Saxon architecture. Volume I, a short introduction, is a survey of pre-Conquest architectural features and the reasons for designating them as characteristically Anglo-Saxon. Volume II is the catalogue. In it each church is described in turn, in alphabetical order of parish names. Finally, the 1984 third volume was a landmark text in its field, taking the churches of Volumes I and II as its starting point, and establishing the logical basis for believing that churches do contain pre-Norman fabric. This volume also provides a comprehensive index and important amendments to the first two volumes.

Rural Settlements and Society in Anglo-Saxon England

Author: Helena Hamerow

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199203253

Category: History

Page: 194

View: 5424

The first major synthesis of the evidence for Anglo-Saxon settlements from across England and throughout the Anglo-Saxon period, and a study of what it reveals about the communities who built and lived in them.

Law and Order in Anglo-Saxon England

Author: Tom Lambert

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191089605

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 2202

Law and Order in Anglo-Saxon England explores English legal culture and practice across the Anglo-Saxon period, beginning with the essentially pre-Christian laws enshrined in writing by King Æthelberht of Kent in c. 600 and working forward to the Norman Conquest of 1066. It attempts to escape the traditional retrospective assumptions of legal history, focused on the late twelfth-century Common Law, and to establish a new interpretative framework for the subject, more sensitive to contemporary cultural assumptions and practical realities. The focus of the volume is on the maintenance of order: what constituted good order; what forms of wrongdoing were threatening to it; what roles kings, lords, communities, and individuals were expected to play in maintaining it; and how that worked in practice. Its core argument is that the Anglo-Saxons had a coherent, stable, and enduring legal order that lacks modern analogies: it was neither state-like nor stateless, and needs to be understood on its own terms rather than as a variant or hybrid of these models. Tom Lambert elucidates a distinctively early medieval understanding of the tension between the interests of individuals and communities, and a vision of how that tension ought to be managed that, strikingly, treats strongly libertarian and communitarian features as complementary. Potentially violent, honour-focused feuding was an integral aspect of legitimate legal practice throughout the period, but so too was fearsome punishment for forms of wrongdoing judged socially threatening. Law and Order in Anglo-Saxon England charts the development of kings' involvement in law, in terms both of their authority to legislate and their ability to influence local practice, presenting a picture of increasingly ambitious and effective royal legal innovation that relied more on the cooperation of local communal assemblies than kings' sparse and patchy network of administrative officials.

The Church in Ancient Society

From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Author: Henry Chadwick

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199246955

Category: Religion

Page: 730

View: 9707

The Church in Ancient Society provides a full and enjoyable narrative history of the first six centuries of the Christian Church. Ancient Greek and Roman society had many gods and an addiction to astrology and divination. This introduction to the period traces the process by which Christianity changed this and so provided a foundation for the modern world: the teaching of Jesus created a lasting community, which grew to command the allegiance of the Roman emperor. Christianity is discussed in relation to how it appeared to both Jews and pagans, and how its Christian doctrine and practice were shaped in relation to Graeco-Roman culture and the Jewish matrix. Among the major figures discussed are Tertullian, Clement of Alexandria, Origen, Constantine, Julian the Apostate, Basil, Ambrose, and Augustine. Following a chronological approach, Henry Chadwick's clear exposition of important texts and theological debates in their historical context is unrivalled in detail. In particular, theological and ecclesial texts are examined in relation to the behaviour and beliefs of people who attended churches and synagogues. Christians did not find agreement and unity easy and the author displays a distinctive concern for the factors - theological, personal, and political - which caused division in the church and prevented reconciliation. The emperors, however, began to foster unity for political reasons and to choose monotheism. Finally, the Church captured the society.

The Ecclesiastical History of the English People

Author: Bede

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191606014

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 1015

The Ecclesiastical History of the English People (731 AD) is Bede's most famous work. As well as providing the authoritative Colgrave translation of the Ecclesiastical History, this edition includes a new translation of the Greater Chronicle, in which Bede examines the Roman Empire and contemporary Europe. His Letter to Egbert gives his final reflections on the English Church just before his death, and all three texts here are further illuminated by a detailed introduction and explanatory notes. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.