The Chemistry of Explosives

Author: Jacqueline Akhavan

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782626298

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9299

This concise, easy-to-read book outlines the basic principles needed to understand the chemical mechanisms of explosion. Covering detonation, deflagration, initiation, the latest theories on the production of ""hotspots"", thermochemistry, thermodynamics and kinetics, the text includes detailed formulations and reactions presented with thermochemical calculations to aid understanding. The history, theory and chemical types of explosives are introduced, along with propellants, pyrotechnics and the most up-to-date information on energetic binders for explosive compositions. Covering all aspects of explosive chemistry from history to manufacturing techniques and formulation, The Chemistry of Explosives is a unique text which introduces difficult subjects in a readable manner. Ideal for A-level students and new graduates with no previous knowledge of explosive materials, it will also be useful to anyone needing succinct information on the subject.
Release

The Chemistry of Powder And Explosives

Author: Dr. Tenney L. Davis

Publisher: Pickle Partners Publishing

ISBN: 178625896X

Category: Science

Page: 338

View: 6272

The present volume contains in one binding the whole contents of Volume I, first published in May, 1941, and the whole contents of Volume II which was published in March, 1943. The book was primarily for chemists. The writing of it was commenced in order that a textbook might be available for the use of students in the course in powder and explosives which the author gave for about twenty years (nearly every year since the first World War) to fourth-year and graduate students of chemistry and of chemical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[...] The aim of the book has been to describe as clearly and interestingly as possible, and as fully as seemed profitable the modes of behavior, both physical and chemical, of explosive substances, whether these modes find practical application or not. Historical material has been included where it was thought that it contributed to this end, and has not been included elsewhere or for any other reason. It is a fact that a knowledge of the history of ideas, of persons, or of things produces something of the same sympathetic understanding of them that living with them and working with them does.-Print ed.
Release

The Basics of Explosives

The Chemistry of Explosive Compounds

Author: Paul F. Kisak

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781539447702

Category:

Page: 214

View: 3758

Explosives are used around the world for both productive purposes such as building hydroelectric dams and mining and destructive purposes, primarily by the military. Explosives are usually divided into two classes those that burn and those that detonate. Detonated explosives typically produce a shock front or shock wave that results from an exothermic chemical reaction. This chemical reaction usually results in a relatively stable compound being exposed to a concentrated source of energy such as a blasting cap or other type of detonation device. The solid explosive will phase shift to a high temperature expanding gas in approximately one-millionth of a second (a nanosecond) with pressures exceeding several million pounds per square inch. For one example we can examine 'Det Cord', also known as Primacord which is usually produced in rolled up or coiled section of cord. This cord is then unwound and when detonated will produce an explosive front along the length of the cord that travels at the speed of 5 miles per second. In other words, if you laid out 5 miles of Det cord, and detonated it, the 5 miles of cord would be explosively spent in one second. Whereas if you burned or ignited the same amount cord it could take weeks to burn to completion. This 2 volume set explains the nature of the various industrial and military explosives and also discusses some of the chemistry involved in these explosives - particularly in the 2nd volume.
Release

Chemie der hochenergetischen Materialien

Author: Thomas M. Klapötke

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110214873

Category: Science

Page: 195

View: 4464

This reference work treats the basic chemistry of high energy materials and offers an overview of current research. Both civilian and military uses of high-energy compounds are presented.
Release

Organic Chemistry of Explosives

Author: Jai Prakash Agrawal,Robert Hodgson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470059357

Category: Science

Page: 414

View: 9789

Organic Chemistry of Explosives is the first text to bring together the essential methods and routes used for the synthesis of organic explosives in a single volume. Assuming no prior knowledge, the book discusses everything from the simplest mixed acid nitration of toluene, to the complex synthesis of highly energetic caged nitro compounds. Reviews laboratory and industrial methods, which can be used to introduce aliphatic C-nitro, aromatic C-nitro, N-nitro, and nitrate ester functionality into organic compounds Discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each synthetic method or route, with scope, limitations, substrate compatibility and other important considerations Features numerous examples in the form of text, reaction diagrams, and tables.
Release

Boom!

The Chemistry and History of Explosives

Author: Simon Quellen Field

Publisher: Chicago Review Press

ISBN: 1613738080

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 6861

Black powder, the world's first chemical explosive, was originally developed during the Tang dynasty in China.It was a crude mixture at first, but over time chemists discovered the optimum proportion of sulfur, charcoal, and nitrates, as well as the best way to mix them for a complete and powerful reaction. Author and chemistry buff Simon Quellen Field takes readers on a decades-long journey through the history of things that go boom, from the early days of black powder to today's modern plastic explosives. Not just the who, when, and why, but also the how. How did Chinese alchemists come to create black powder? What accidents led to the discovery of high explosives? How do explosives actually work on a molecular scale? Boom! The Chemistry and History of Explosives reviews the original papers and patents written by the chemists who invented them, to shed light on their development, to explore the consequences of their use for good and ill, and to give the reader a basic understanding of the chemistry that makes them possible.
Release

Fundamentals of Explosive Chemistry

Author: ABDUL RAHIM YACOB

Publisher: Penerbit UTM Press

ISBN: 9835204713

Category: Explosives

Page: 101

View: 6204

This book is used as a textbook for “Ammunition Technical Officers Course” and “Artillery Course” in Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). These courses are offered by School of Professional and Continuing Education UTM in collaboration with the Ministry of Defense and the Armed Forces. Currently this book is also being considered to be used in the newly approved Masters Degree in Forensic Science, Faculty of Science, UTM. Fundamentals of Explosive Chemistry discusses the phenomenon of explosion, historical development of explosives, classification of materials, performance of explosives, propellants, pyrotechnics and the theory related to burning, detonation and explosions. The contents are discussed intriguingly yet only minimal chemistry knowledge is required. This book is useful for students of Forensic Science and Enforcement Agencies like the Chemistry Department, Army, Police, and Fire Department, helping them in the understanding of physical and chemical aspects of explosives, especially for storage and handling or during investigations of crimes involving explosions and explosives.
Release

Trace Chemical Sensing of Explosives

Author: Ronald L. Woodfin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470085193

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 392

View: 9630

This timely book covers the most recent developments in the chemical detection of explosives in a variety of environments. Beginning with a broad view of the need for and the potential applications of chemical sensing, the book considers the issue of how to effectively include chemical sensing into systems designed to find hidden explosives devices. Offering a firsthand look at the latest technologies direct from those who are actively developing them, the book features: A look at the history of the field, including the contributions of recent programs A brief explanation of the chemistry of various explosives and differences in the place where they may be detected An introduction to the problems presented by trace element sensing An overview and comparison of the technologies currently being used and developed Case studies of field experiences with chemical sensors A look at the emerging threat of non-traditional explosives This book is an important reference for explosives engineers, systems engineers involved in the development of related devices, government agencies and NGOs involved in demining efforts, military and law enforcement specialists in mines and explosive ordinance disposal (EOD), as well as environmental scientists and chemists involved in explosives research. In addition to providing field workers with knowledge that will help them decide where and how to search for explosives using chemical sensors. It will provide them with an understanding of the potential and the limitations of chemical sensing in their search for and identification of dangerous devices.
Release

The Chemistry of Fireworks

Author: Michael S. Russell

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9780854045983

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 117

View: 438

For centuries fireworks have been a source of delight and amazement in cultures around the world. But what produces their dazzling array of effects? This book takes you behind the scenes to explore the chemistry and physics behind the art of pyrotechnics. Topics covered include history and characteristics of gunpowder; principles behind each of the most popular firework types: rockets, shells, fountains, sparklers, bangers, roman candles and wheels; special effects, including sound effects, coloured smokes and electrical firing; firework safety for private use and displays; and firework legislation. The Chemistry of Fireworks is aimed at students with A level qualifications or equivalent. The style is concise and easy to understand, and the theory of fireworks is discussed in terms of well-known scientific concepts wherever possible. It will also be a useful source of reference for anyone studying pyrotechnics as applied to fireworks.Review Extracts"a worthwhile addition to the pyrotechnist's library"Fireworks "a useful source of information which makes absorbing reading."Angewandte Chemie, International Edition
Release

Military Explosives

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Explosives, Military

Page: N.A

View: 5841

Release

Forensic Investigation of Explosions, Second Edition

Author: Alexander Beveridge

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420087258

Category: Law

Page: 830

View: 9625

Now in its second edition, Forensic Investigation of Explosions draws on the editor’s 30 years of explosives casework experience, including his work on task forces set up to investigate major explosives incidents. Dr. Alexander Beveridge provides a broad, multidisciplinary approach, assembling the contributions of internationally recognized experts who present the definitive reference work on the subject. Topics discussed include: The physics and chemistry of explosives and explosions The detection of hidden explosives The effect of explosions on structures and persons Aircraft sabotage investigations Explosion scene investigations Casework management The role of forensic scientists Analysis of explosives and their residues Forensic pathology as it relates to explosives Presentation of expert testimony With nearly 40 percent more material, this new edition contains revised chapters and several new topics, including: A profile of casework management in the UK Forensic Explosives Laboratory, one of the world’s top labs, with a discussion of their management system, training procedures, and practical approaches to problem solving Properties and analysis of improvised explosives An examination of the Bali bombings and the use of mobile analytical techniques and mobile laboratories The collection, analysis, and presentation of evidence in vehicle-borne improvised explosive device cases, as evidenced in attacks on US overseas targets This volume offers valuable information to all members of prevention and post-blast teams. Each chapter was written by an expert or experts in a specific field and provides well-referenced information underlying best practices that can be used in the field, laboratory, conference room, classroom, or courtroom.
Release

Chemistry of High-Energy Materials

Author: Thomas M. Klapötke

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110273594

Category: Science

Page: 268

View: 1477

This graduate-level textbook in a new revised edition treats the basic chemistry of high energy materials - primary and secondary explosives, propellants, rocket fuel and pyrotechnics - and provides a review of new research developments. Applications in both military and civil fields are discussed. The book also offers new insights into "green" chemistry requirements and strategies for military applications. This work should be of interest to advanced students in chemistry, materials science and engineering, as well as all those working in defense technology.
Release

The Analysis of Explosives

Pergamon Series in Analytical Chemistry

Author: Jehuda Yinon,Shmuel Zitrin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483140059

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 322

View: 7559

The Analysis of Explosives surveys the principles of the various analytical methods, describes how these methods are used for the analysis of explosives, and reviews the major analytical work carried out in this field. Organized into 15 chapters, this book begins with the classification of explosives. Subsequent chapters discuss the different methods for the analysis of explosives. The detection and identification of explosive residues and hidden explosives are also explained. This monograph will be useful as a reference book for chemists in analytical and forensic laboratories, as well as a textbook for graduate students in analytical chemistry and forensic sciences.
Release

Introduction to the Technology of Explosives

Author: Paul Cooper,Stanley R. Kurowski

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 9780471186359

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 547

Introduction to the Technology of Explosives Paul W. Cooper and Stanley R. Kurowski Introduction to the Technology of Explosives is a clear and concise survey of the technologies and physical processes involved in explosive phenomena. The book is intended to provide the worker new to the field with sufficient background to understand problems that may arise and to interact intelligently with specialists in the field. The book covers the fundamentals of the chemistry of explosives; the mechanics of burning; sound, shock, and detonation; initiation and initiators; scaling in design and analysis; and off-the-shelf explosive devices. It provides the basic calculational skills needed to solve simple, first-order engineering design problems, and emphasizes the crucial importance of safety considerations. The book contains a broad range of data on explosive materials, and their properties and behavior, along with extensive lists of useful references. Example problems with solutions are provided in each technical area, as are descriptions and analysis of a wide variety of explosive devices. The book concludes with a thorough and comprehensive description of regulatory requirements for the classification, transportation, and storage of explosives, and an extensive guide to explosives safety in plant and test facilities. This book will be of interest to explosives technicians and engineers, government regulators, crime and accident scene investigators, and instructors in military, police, and FBI bomb schools.
Release

Biodegradation of Nitroaromatic Compounds and Explosives

Author: Jim C. Spain,Joseph B. Hughes,Hans-Joachim Knackmuss

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420032674

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 2561

Filled with practical applications and research, Biodegradation of Nitroaromatic Compounds and Explosives presents an international perspective on environmental contamination from explosives. It covers biodegradation strategies for DNT and a wide variety of other nitroaromatic compounds of environmental significance and makes the information accessible to practicing environmental and chemical engineers. Biodegradation of Nitroaromatic Compounds and Explosives gives you a synthesis of ongoing research and an appreciation of the remarkable range of biochemical strategies available for the transformation of nitroaromatic compounds. It provides a realistic assessment of the current and potential field applications of the various strategies.
Release

High Energy Materials

Propellants, Explosives and Pyrotechnics

Author: Jai Prakash Agrawal

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527802681

Category: Science

Page: 498

View: 9032

Authored by an insider with over 40 years of high energy materials (HEMs) experience in academia, industry and defense organizations, this handbook and ready reference covers all important HEMs from the 1950s to the present with their respective properties and intended purposes. Written at an attainable level for professionals, engineers and technicians alike, the book provides a comprehensive view of the current status and suggests further directions for research and development. An introductory chapter on the chemical and thermodynamic basics allows the reader to become acquainted with the fundamental features of explosives, before moving on to the important safety aspects in processing, handling, transportation and storage of high energy materials. With its collation of results and formulation strategies hitherto scattered in the literature, this should be on the shelf of every HEM researcher and developer.
Release

Explosivstoffe

Author: Josef Köhler,Rudolf Meyer,Axel Homburg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527660070

Category: Science

Page: 439

View: 6564

Aus Rezensionen voriger Auflagen: Die zehnte Auflage dieses Nachschlagewerkes ist erneut erweitert und aktualisiert worden, das bewährte Konzept wurde beibehalten. Der Textteil beschreibt ausführlich mehr als 550 Begriffe in alphabetischer Reihenfolge, darunter über 120 mit Strukturformel und Daten versehene chemische Verbindungen mit Explosivcharakter. Zu fast jeder Verbindung werden die wichtigsten chemisch-physikalischen und sicherheitstechnischen Kenndaten aufgeführt; die Gefahrgutregularien wurden gründlich überarbeitet. Der Leser findet außerdem Angaben zu den Herstellungsverfahren und Verwendungsmöglichkeiten dieser Stoffe sowie zu etwa 70 Additiven, Brennstoffen und Oxidantien. Etwa 1500 Einträge im Schlagwortregister, die Angabe der englischen und französischen Übersetzungen und die Erklärung von Kurzbezeichnungen machen dieses Buch zu einem umfassenden und aktuellen Lexikon. Es eignet sich für Fachleute, die in irgendeiner Form mit Explosivstoffen zu tun haben, aber auch für Interessenten, wie Übersetzer, Behörden und Patentanwälte. ' Ein Buch, das in mehr als 60 Jahren 8 Auflagen erlebt hat, bedarf keiner besonderen Empfehlung...' Archiv für Kriminologie
Release