The Cause and Consequences of Rural Urban Migration

The Case of Wolatia Soddo Town, SNNPR Ethiopia

Author: Wesen Altaye Aydiko

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668077088

Category: Social Science

Page: 99

View: 2206

Master's Thesis from the year 2015 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, , language: English, abstract: In developing countries like Ethiopia rural-urban migration affects socio-economic realities in both urban and rural areas. This study aims at identifying the major causes and consequences of the movement of people from rural to urban areas. To achieve the objective 282 migrant household heads were selected purposively from four Kebeles of the town. Both primary and secondary data were employed and were analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively by using SPSS version 17th. Structured questionnaires and FGD were used on the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of migrant households. Most of the migrants move to the town alone. They had some information about the town and the decision of their migration is mostly made by themselves. However, most of them migrated decide to migrate not in planned way. A greater number of the migrants are young adults, males, and unmarried and had some form of education before they decided to migrate. There are many causes for the movement of the people to the town. Among them the search for job, to gain education and training, and problem related with land and agricultural productivity was the major one. Many of the migrants encountered problems at the initial period of adjustment and adaptation and even currently. In line with this, some useful points of recommendations for effective urban management and rural development activities are suggested.
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Rural-Urban Migration

Author: Regine Fischer

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3656037892

Category:

Page: 32

View: 4310

Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject Urban and Regional Planning, grade: 2,0, Dresden Technical University (Lehrstuhl fur Raumentwicklung), course: International Spatial Development, language: English, abstract: Introduction. Migration processes have been existent throughout all times and in all regions of the world. While the original triggering in former times had been the search for more favorable conditions and not yet or only sparsely populated living spaces, patterns of migration underwent many changes since industrialization. In Europe the period in the 18th century was marked by a migration waves from the countryside to urban areas in unprecedented form and extent. But in comparison to European migration and urbanization processes as we know them the developments in developing countries are of a whole different dimension. Population and rates of population growth are by far higher than they had been in Europe which leads to increasing dynamic urbanization but also severe side effects. In most of the so-called developing countries employment possibilities and housing facilities are not sufficient at all to absorb the huge influx of people moving into the cities. While European cities had been able to at least offer enough jobs to incoming migrants many cities in Africa, Latin America or Asia face severe problems like unemployment, poverty, pollution or crime. This paper deals with the pattern of rural-urban migration in general in the first part, followed by some explanations about the special case of China that sets certain criteria to migration, trying to control the movement of its people. The question behind these topics will be the following: To what extent is rural-urban migration a desirable phenomenon and how can local authorities intervene?"
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New Directions in Urban–Rural Migration

The Population Turnaround in Rural America

Author: David L. Brown,John M. Wardwell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483216667

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 9370

New Directions in Urban-Rural Migration: The Population Turnaround in Rural America covers a wide-ranging treatment of urban-rural migration and population growth in contemporary America. The book discusses the national and regional changes in internal migration and population distribution; the regional diversity and complexity of economic structure in modern-day rural America; and the reasons for the gap, or lag, between changed conditions and unchanged policy. The text also describes the turnaround's implications for new models of migration; the economic framework for the turnaround; and the traditional concept of the migrant as labor and the structural conditions within and between areas that fix the demand for labor. Migration trends and consequences in rapidly growing areas, as well as data resources for population distribution research are also considered. Sociologists and people involved in studying migration will find the book invaluable.
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The Geography of Urban-Rural Interaction in Developing Countries

Essays for Alan B. Mountjoy

Author: Robert Potter,Tim Unwin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351215361

Category: Science

Page: 348

View: 6718

Originally published in 1989, The Geography of Urban-Rural Interaction in Developing Countries addresses the nature and importance of the interaction between ‘urban’ and ‘rural’ areas within Third World national territories, providing much-needed comparative, cross-cultural, and cross-national material. The book discusses the various theories of urban-rural interaction, and summarises the topic in the form of the movement of people, goods, money, capital, new technology, energy, information and ideas. Case studies are drawn from different areas of the Third World – including Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and the Caribbean and illustrate in detail the nature of urban-rural interaction.
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Ethiopia

options for rural development

Author: Siegfried Pausewang

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 1102

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African Migrations

Patterns and Perspectives

Author: Abdoulaye Kane,Todd H. Leedy

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253005833

Category: History

Page: 316

View: 7652

Spurred by major changes in the world economy and in local ecology, the contemporary migration of Africans, both within the continent and to various destinations in Europe and North America, has seriously affected thousands of lives and livelihoods. The contributors to this volume, reflecting a variety of disciplinary perspectives, examine the causes and consequences of this new migration. The essays cover topics such as rural-urban migration into African cities, transnational migration, and the experience of immigrants abroad, as well as the issues surrounding migrant identity and how Africans re-create community and strive to maintain ethnic, gender, national, and religious ties to their former homes.
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Analysis of Urban Growth and Sprawl from Remote Sensing Data

Author: Basudeb Bhatta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642052996

Category: Science

Page: 172

View: 8578

This book provides a comprehensive discussion on urban growth and sprawl, and how they can be analyzed using remote sensing imageries. It compiles views of numerous researchers that help in understanding the urban growth and sprawl; their patterns, process, causes, consequences, and countermeasures; how remote sensing data and geographic information system techniques can be used in mapping, monitoring, measuring, analyzing, and simulating the urban growth and sprawl and what are the merits and demerits of available methods and models. This book will be of value for the scientists and researchers engaged in urban geographic research, especially using remote sensing imageries. This book will serve as a rigours literature review for them. Post graduate students of urban geography or urban/regional planning may refer this book as additional studies. This book may help the academicians for preparing lecture notes and delivering lectures. Industry professionals may also be benefited from the discussed methods and models along with numerous citations.
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China's Urban Billion

The Story behind the Biggest Migration in Human History

Author: Tom Miller

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1780321449

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 3035

By 2030, China's cities will be home to 1 billion people - one in every eight people on earth. What kind of lives will China's urban billion lead? And what will China's cities be like? Over the past thirty years, China's urban population expanded by 500 million people, and is on track to swell by a further 300 million by 2030. Hundreds of millions of these new urban residents are rural migrants, who lead second-class lives without access to urban benefits. Even those lucky citizens who live in modern tower blocks must put up with clogged roads, polluted skies and cityscapes of unremitting ugliness. The rapid expansion of urban China is astonishing, but new policies are urgently needed to create healthier cities. Combining on-the-ground reportage and up-to-date research, this pivotal book explains why China has failed to reap many of the economic and social benefits of urbanization, and suggests how these problems can be resolved. If its leaders get urbanization right, China will surpass the United States and cement its position as the world's largest economy. But if they get it wrong, China could spend the next twenty years languishing in middle-income torpor, its cities pockmarked by giant slums.
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Rural Poverty in the United States

Author: Ann R. Tickamyer,Jennifer Sherman,Jennifer Warlick

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231544715

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 1393

America's rural areas have always held a disproportionate share of the nation's poorest populations. Rural Poverty in the United States examines why. What is it about the geography, demography, and history of rural communities that keeps them poor? In a comprehensive analysis that extends from the Civil War to the present, Rural Poverty in the United States looks at access to human and social capital; food security; healthcare and the environment; homelessness; gender roles and relations; racial inequalities; and immigration trends to isolate the underlying causes of persistent rural poverty. Contributors to this volume incorporate approaches from multiple disciplines, including sociology, economics, demography, race and gender studies, public health, education, criminal justice, social welfare, and other social science fields. They take a hard look at current and past programs to alleviate rural poverty and use their failures to suggest alternatives that could improve the well-being of rural Americans for years to come. These essays work hard to define rural poverty's specific metrics and markers, a critical step for building better policy and practice. Considering gender, race, and immigration, the book appreciates the overlooked structural and institutional dimensions of ongoing rural poverty and its larger social consequences.
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Environmental Change and its Implications for Population Migration

Author: Jon D. Unruh,Maarten Krol,N. Kliot

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402028687

Category: Social Science

Page: 316

View: 7762

This volume provides an ample overview of state-of-the-art understanding of the multi-dimensional phenomenon of migration, in the characterisation of migration drivers, in environmental and agro-economic case studies and modelling issues as well as socio-political analyses. The analysis is geared to the consequences of climatic change, and the effects on soil, water and extreme weather that will drive populations to migrate.
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The Economics of Immigration

Author: Cynthia Bansak,Nicole B. Simpson,Madeline Zavodny

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317752988

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 356

View: 1033

Economics of Immigration provides students with the tools needed to examine the economic impact of immigration and immigration policies over the past century. Students will develop an understanding of why and how people migrate across borders and will learn how to analyze the economic causes and effects of immigration. The main objectives of the book are for students to understand the decision to migrate; to understand the impact of immigration on markets and government budgets; and to understand the consequences of immigration policies in a global context. From the first chapter, students will develop an appreciation of the importance of immigration as a separate academic field within labor economics and international economics. Topics covered include the effect of immigration on labor markets, housing markets, international trade, tax revenues, human capital accumulation, and government fiscal balances. The book also considers the impact of immigration on what firms choose to produce, and even on the ethnic diversity of restaurants and on financial markets, as well as the theory and evidence on immigrants’ economic assimilation. The textbook includes a comparative study of immigration policies in a number of immigrant-receiving and sending countries, beginning with the history of immigration policy in the United States. Finally, the book explores immigration topics that directly affect developing countries, such as remittances, brain drain, human trafficking, and rural-urban internal migration. Readers will also be fully equipped with the tools needed to understand and contribute to policy debates on this controversial topic. This is the first textbook to comprehensively cover the economics of immigration, and it is suitable both for economics students and for students studying migration in other disciplines, such as sociology and politics.
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Beyond a Border

The Causes and Consequences of Contemporary Immigration

Author: Peter Kivisto,Thomas Faist

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452235872

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 6125

The most up-to-date analysis of today's immigration issues As the authors state in Chapter 1, "the movement of people across national borders represents one of the most vivid dramas of social reality in the contemporary world." This comparative text examines contemporary immigration across the globe, focusing on 20 major nations. Noted scholars Peter Kivisto and Thomas Faist introduce students to important topics of inquiry at the heart of the field, including Movement: Explores the theories of migration using a historical perspective of the modern world. Settlement: Provides clarity concerning the controversial matter of immigrant incorporation and refers to the varied ways immigrants come to be a part of a new society. Control: Focuses on the politics of immigration and examines the role of states in shaping how people choose to migrate. Key Features Provides comprehensive coverage of topics not covered in other texts, such as state and immigration control, focusing on policies created to control migratory flow and evolving views of citizenship Offers a global portrait of contemporary immigration, including a demographic overview of today's cross-border movers Offers critical assessments of the achievements of the field to date Encourages students to rethink traditional views about the distinction between citizen and alien in this global age Suggests paths for future research and new theoretical developments
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