The Cause and Consequences of Rural Urban Migration

The Case of Wolatia Soddo Town, SNNPR Ethiopia

Author: Wesen Altaye Aydiko

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668077088

Category: Social Science

Page: 99

View: 506

Master's Thesis from the year 2015 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, , language: English, abstract: In developing countries like Ethiopia rural-urban migration affects socio-economic realities in both urban and rural areas. This study aims at identifying the major causes and consequences of the movement of people from rural to urban areas. To achieve the objective 282 migrant household heads were selected purposively from four Kebeles of the town. Both primary and secondary data were employed and were analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively by using SPSS version 17th. Structured questionnaires and FGD were used on the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of migrant households. Most of the migrants move to the town alone. They had some information about the town and the decision of their migration is mostly made by themselves. However, most of them migrated decide to migrate not in planned way. A greater number of the migrants are young adults, males, and unmarried and had some form of education before they decided to migrate. There are many causes for the movement of the people to the town. Among them the search for job, to gain education and training, and problem related with land and agricultural productivity was the major one. Many of the migrants encountered problems at the initial period of adjustment and adaptation and even currently. In line with this, some useful points of recommendations for effective urban management and rural development activities are suggested.

Verstädterung als Folge von Migration

Lösungsansätze für eine nachhaltige Stadtentwicklung und Verminderung städtischen Wachstums am Beispiel Nairobi

Author: Antonia Binder

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640958926

Category: Science

Page: 35

View: 4342

Bachelorarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Geowissenschaften / Geographie - Bevölkerungsgeographie, Stadt- u. Raumplanung, Fachhochschule Kufstein Tirol, Veranstaltung: Studiengang Internationale Wirtschaft und Management, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Noch lebt der Großteil des afrikanischen Volks überwiegend in ländlichen Gebieten. Doch der Anteil der städtischen Bevölkerung nimmt seit Jahren explosionsartig zu. Insbesondere die zunehmende Landflucht trägt dazu bei, dass durch Mangel an Wohnraum und Perspektiven der Neuankömmlinge die informellen Siedlungen und die Armutsrate in den urbanen Zentren stetig wachsen. Die Behörden haben weder die finanziellen Ressourcen noch das Wissen um den Folgeerscheinungen der Verstädterung in den afrikanischen Ländern entgegenzuwirken. Ziel dieser Arbeit ist, die Problematik der Städte in den Entwicklungsländern am Beispiel Nairobi zu erfassen und Lösungswege zur Besserung der Lage auszuarbeiten. Als theoretische Grundlage wird ein Überblick über die verschiedenen Migrationsmodelle gegeben und eine Verbindung zwischen Verstädterung und Migration hergestellt. Anschließend wird auf die Beweggründe der Migration anhand der städtischen Entwicklung Nairobis und die damit verbundenen Schwierigkeiten sowie Auswirkungen auf verschiedenen Ebenen eingegangen. Mögliche Lösungsansätze sind die Verminderung des Wachstums und eine nachhaltige Stadtentwicklung, welche mittels aktueller Projekte vorgestellt werden. Die historischen Entwicklungen zeigen, dass die großen Bevölkerungsansammlungen, welche die heutigen Metropolen in Afrika bilden, erst in der Kolonialzeit durch die Arbeitsmigration entstanden sind und rural-urbane Migration, entgegen der gängigen Theorien, oft nicht aus freien Stücken erfolgt. Lösungsansätze sollten berücksichtigen, dass in erster Linie die Armut in den Entwicklungsländern bekämpft werden muss um das soziale Gleichgewicht wieder herzustellen. Finanzielle und organisatorische Hilfe der Industrieländer, NGOs und der Weltbank ist unerlässlich, kann aber nur in Zusammenarbeit mit einer verantwortungsbewussten Regierungsführung von Erfolg sein. Des Weiteren muss eine nachhaltige Stadtentwicklung dauerhaft und gewissenhaft verfolgt werden.

Population Movements and the Third World

Author: Mike Parnwell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134914377

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 7359

The interrelationship between migration and development is complex. The causes of migration stem from the uneveness of the development process and the effects exert a powerful influence on the pattern and process of development. This volume explores both the concepts and facts behind the main forms of population movement in the third world today, particularly rural-urban migration. Examining the causes and consequences of migration, the author assesses the implications for planning and policy-makers.

The New Wider World

Course Companion for OCR a Gcse Geography

Author: Garrett Nagle

Publisher: Nelson Thornes

ISBN: 9780748790760

Category: Geography

Page: 128

View: 1977

The New Wider World Coursemate for OCR A GCSE Geography provides summaries of key content and key ideas to support OCR's 2001 Geography A specification.

Determinants and consequences of internal migration in India

studies in Bihar, Kerala, and Uttar Pradesh

Author: A. S. Oberai,Pradhan H. Prasad,M. G. Sardana

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: Social Science

Page: 156

View: 8991

Migration, especially rural-urban migration, is often blamed for many of the problems faced by developing countries. However, the overcrowding and poor quality of life in cities is as much a reflection of rapid population growth as of the relentless drift away from the countryside. The contributors to this volume look at the issues involved in migration and urbanization and their relation to growth. They consider a number of important factors as they relate to migration--education, employment, technology and productivity, remittance flows and expenditure patterns, and housing and civic amenities--and conclude that migration to urban areas does generate some benefits for rural areas, benefits that should not be overlooked when formulating population distribution policies.

Internal Migration In A Developing Economy

Author: Kamalit Singh

Publisher: South Asia Books


Category: Migration, Internal

Page: 247

View: 6950

A research work is based on field studies to enquire the causes and consequences of migration and their effect on a developing economy.The author analysis of rural-urban inter and intra- district, inter-state and international migration covers the linguistic, cultural, education, demographic and socio economic aspects.The book suggests some consideration to be taken by planners before the situation in the rural areas becomes explosive and the development turns regressive.

Migration, Urbanization, and Development

New Directions and Issues

Author: Richard E. Bilsborrow

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792380320

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 531

View: 3082

Internal migration and urbanization are key dimensions of the process of socioeconomic development. The unprecedented movement of peoples within the borders of their own countries is one of the greatest transformations witnessed in the 20th century. Policy analysts, especially those from developing countries where internal migration can be felt at first hand, view migration as one of the most important factors affecting the course of development. It is within this context that UNFPA convened the Symposium on Internal Migration and Urbanization in Developing Countries in January 1996 in preparation for the United Nations World Conference on Human Settlements in Istanbul in June 1996. The final results of the symposium are found in this book. This volume provides a better understanding, at global level, of internal migration issues of concern to policy analysts.

Coursemate for AQA C GCSE Geography

Author: Lynda Evans

Publisher: Nelson Thornes

ISBN: 9780748790753


Page: 136

View: 3325

The New Wider World Coursemate for AQA C GCSE Geography provides summaries of key content and key ideas to support AQA's 2001 Geography C specification.

Economic Development

Author: Michael P. Todaro,Stephen C. Smith

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9781405874243

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 861

View: 1981

"Economic Development presents theory in the context of policy debates, so you see how theory and applied studies relate to the problems and prospects of developing countries. In the Tenth Edition, the authors integrate new discussions of recent thinking in areas such as environmental resources, gender, governance, inequality and poverty, and microfinance." -- Back cover.

Urbanization in the Middle East

Author: V. F. Costello

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521291101

Category: History

Page: 121

View: 5010

Originally published in 1977 as part of the Urbanization in Developing Countries series, this book studies the social, demographic, political and economic processes involved in the growth of cities in the Middle East. It was the first study of urbanization in this region from a single viewpoint and it draws on the findings of numerous scholars. The main emphasis is on the insights provided by urban geography, sociology and social anthropology, but the work of demographers, economists and historians is also taken into account. Its main purpose is to examine the causes and consequences of the change in the character of the Middle Eastern city from a traditional to a twentieth-century pattern. The book describes the social and environmental background to urban development and the nature of the pre-industrial urban society in the region. The differences between planned urban development in various countries are also studied.

Migration in South and Southern Africa

Dynamics and Determinants

Author: Pieter Kok

Publisher: HSRC Press

ISBN: 9780796921130

Category: Social Science

Page: 364

View: 6547

Covers three broad areas: macro-level migration trends in sub-Saharan Africa; micro-level factors in South African migration; and a synthesis of current migration theory.

International Handbook of Rural Demography

Author: László J. Kulcsár,Katherine J. Curtis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940071842X

Category: Social Science

Page: 406

View: 3547

This is the third in an essential series of Springer handbooks that explore key aspects of the nexus between demography and social science. With an inclusive international perspective, and founded on the principles of social demography, this handbook shows how the rural population, which recently dropped below 50 per cent of the world total, remains a vital segment of society living in proximity to much-needed developmental and amenity resources. The rich diversity of rural areas shapes the capacity of resident communities to address far-reaching social, environmental and economic challenges. Some will survive, become sustainable and even thrive, while others will suffer rapid depopulation. This handbook demonstrates how these future development trajectories will vary according to local characteristics including, but not limited to, population composition. The growing complexity of rural society is in part a product of significant international variations in population trends, making this comparative and comprehensive study of rural demography all the more relevant. Collating the latest research on international rural demography, the handbook will be an invaluable aid to policy makers as they try to understand how demographic dynamics depend on the economic, social and environmental characteristics of rural areas. It will also aid researchers assessing the unique factors at play in the rural context and endeavoring to produce meaningful results that will advance policy and scholarship. Finally, the handbook is an ideal text for graduate students in a spread of disciplines from sociology to international development.

Beyond a Border

The Causes and Consequences of Contemporary Immigration

Author: Peter Kivisto,Thomas Faist

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452235872

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 5189

The most up-to-date analysis of today's immigration issues As the authors state in Chapter 1, "the movement of people across national borders represents one of the most vivid dramas of social reality in the contemporary world." This comparative text examines contemporary immigration across the globe, focusing on 20 major nations. Noted scholars Peter Kivisto and Thomas Faist introduce students to important topics of inquiry at the heart of the field, including Movement: Explores the theories of migration using a historical perspective of the modern world. Settlement: Provides clarity concerning the controversial matter of immigrant incorporation and refers to the varied ways immigrants come to be a part of a new society. Control: Focuses on the politics of immigration and examines the role of states in shaping how people choose to migrate. Key Features Provides comprehensive coverage of topics not covered in other texts, such as state and immigration control, focusing on policies created to control migratory flow and evolving views of citizenship Offers a global portrait of contemporary immigration, including a demographic overview of today's cross-border movers Offers critical assessments of the achievements of the field to date Encourages students to rethink traditional views about the distinction between citizen and alien in this global age Suggests paths for future research and new theoretical developments

AS Level Geography

Author: Ann Bowen,John Pallister

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 9780435352837

Category: Geography

Page: 296

View: 4752

This work aims to combine comprehensive coverage of the full range of topics with a flexible approach to learning. It covers basic geographical skills and offers help with revision and exam techniques.