The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy

Author: Robert Audi

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781439503508

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1001

View: 5961

Provides biographical entries for eastern and western philosophers, and covers philosophical terms and topics.
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The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

Author: Simon Blackburn

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198735308

Category:

Page: 540

View: 2269

This bestselling dictionary is written by one of the leading philosophers of our time, and it is widely recognized as the best dictionary of its kind. Comprehensive and authoritative, it covers every aspect of philosophy from Aristotle to Zen. With clear and concise definitions, it provides lively and accessible coverage of not only Western philosophical traditions, but also themes from Chinese, Indian, Islamic, and Jewish philosophy. Entries include over 400 biographies of famous and influential philosophers, in-depth analysis of philosophical terms and concepts, and a chronology of philosophical events stretching from 10,000 BC to the present day. New entries on philosophy of economics, social theory, neuroscience, philosophy of the mind, and moral conceptions bring the third edition of this dictionary fully up to date. Fully cross-referenced and containing over 3,300 alphabetical entries, it is the ideal introduction to philosophy for anyone with an interest in the subject, and it is an indispensable work of reference for students and teachers.
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Die Philosophie des Als Ob

Author: Hans Vaihinger

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 395800685X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 852

View: 5484

Nachdruck des Originals von 1918.
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The Cambridge History of Renaissance Philosophy

Author: C. B. Schmitt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521397483

Category: Philosophy

Page: 922

View: 6459

The Cambridge History of Renaissance Philosophy offers a balanced and comprehensive account of philosophical thought from the middle of the fourteenth century to the emergence of modern philosophy at the turn of the seventeenth century. The Renaissance has attracted intense scholarly attention for over a century, but in the beginning the philosophy of the period was relatively neglected and this is the first volume in English to synthesize for a wider readership the substantial and sophisticated research now available. The volume is organized by branch of philosophy rather than by individual philosopher or by school. The intention has been to present the internal development of different aspects of the subject in their own terms and within their historical context. This structure also emphasizes naturally the broader connotations of "philosophy" in that intellectual world.
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The Cambridge Dictionary of Christian Theology

Author: Ian A. McFarland,David A. S. Fergusson,Karen Kilby,Iain R. Torrance

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521880923

Category: Religion

Page: 572

View: 8812

With over 550 entries ranging from Abba to Zwingli composed by leading contemporary theologians from around the world, The Cambridge Dictionary of Christian Theology represents a fresh, ecumenical approach to theological reference. Written with an emphasis on clarity and concision, all entries are designed to help the reader understand and assess the specifically theological significance of the most important concepts. Clearly structured, the volume is organized around a small number of 'core entries' which focus on key topics to provide a general overview of major subject areas, while making use of related shorter entries to impart a more detailed knowledge of technical terms. The work as a whole provides an introduction to the defining topics in Christian thought and is an essential reference point for student and scholars.
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Paradoxien

Author: Richard M. Sainsbury

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150186909

Category:

Page: 333

View: 6674

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Cognitio sensitiva

ein Versuch über die Ästhetik als Lehre von der Erkenntnis des Menschen

Author: Steffen W. Gross

Publisher: Königshausen & Neumann

ISBN: 3826042921

Category: Aesthetics

Page: 524

View: 5693

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The Blackwell Dictionary of Western Philosophy

Author: Nicholas Bunnin,Jiyuan Yu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470997214

Category: Philosophy

Page: 776

View: 8050

The Blackwell Dictionary of Western Philosophy is a concise reference to the whole history of western philosophy, from ancient Greece to the present day. Spans all the major branches of western philosophical inquiry, all of the key figures Explains the meaning and usage of each philosophical concept in a fresh and engaging style Each entry on philosophical terms concludes with an illustrative quotation from a significant philosopher, to enhance the reader’s understanding Entries on terms and individual philosophers are fully cross-referenced Co-written by the editor of the popular volume The Blackwell Companion to Philosophy (Second Edition, 2002)
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Werkzeuge des Philosophierens

Reclams Universal-Bibliothek

Author: Jonas Pfister

Publisher: Reclam Verlag

ISBN: 3159603776

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 5329

Was macht Philosophie eigentlich? Jonas Pfister lässt den Leser in den philosophischen Werkzeugkasten schauen: Wie argumentiert man überzeugend? Wie analysiert man Begriffe? Was für verschiedene Argumentationsmuster (etwa transzendentale Argumente oder Gedankenexperimente) oder auch fehlerhafte Muster (wie den infiniten Regress) gibt es? Wie argumentiert man in der Ethik (etwa mit Analogie-Argumenten unter Vermeidung des Sein-Sollen-Fehlschlusses)? Wie funktioniert Logik? Und wie liest man überhaupt einen philosophischen Text?
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Ethics in Forensic Science

Author: J. C. Upshaw Downs,Anjali Ranadive Swienton

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123850193

Category: Law

Page: 454

View: 6457

The word "ethical" can be defined as proper conduct. A failure of forensic scientists to act ethically can result in serious adverse outcomes. However, while seemingly simple to define, the application of being "ethical" is somewhat more obscure. That is, when is ethical, ethical, and when is it not? Because we have an adversarial legal system, differences of opinion exist in forensic science. However, there are instances when differences are so divergent that an individual's ethics are called into question. In light of not only the O.J. Simpson trial - the first national trial to question the ethical behavior of forensic scientists - and the National Academy of Science critique of forensic science, ethical issues have come to the forefront of concern within the forensic community.
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Denken

Die großen Fragen der Philosophie

Author: Simon Blackburn

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783863120511

Category:

Page: 260

View: 9157

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Logische Untersuchungen

Author: Edmund Husserl

Publisher: Felix Meiner Verlag

ISBN: 3787333495

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1149

View: 1204

Husserl war ursprünglich davon ausgegangen, dass die Logik die Aufklärung ihrer eigenen Grundlagen aus der Psychologie zu erwarten habe. Fragen und Zweifel, wie sich die unbestreitbare Objektivität und strenge Allgemeingültigkeit logischer Wahrheiten denn psychologisch begreifen lasse, führten ihn jedoch aus dem Bannkreis solcher Begründungsversuche heraus: Mit seinen "Prolegomena zur reinen Logik", dem ersten Teilband der "Logischen Untersuchungen", legte Husserl 1900 eine kritische Abrechnung mit dem logischen Psychologismus vor, deren Ergebnisse bis heute unbestritten sind. In den sechs Detailstudien des zweiten Teilbandes (1901) findet das in den "Prolegomena" grob umrissene Programm der "Logischen Untersuchungen" eine erste positive Bearbeitung. Sie bieten zugleich die Grundlinien der phänomenologischen Methode Husserls, die auf immer mit seinem Namen verbunden bleiben wird. Insbesondere die V. Untersuchung "Über intentionale Empfindungen und ihre Inhalte" ist für Husserls spätere Phänomenologie und die phänomenologische Philosophie von grundlegender Bedeutung. Husserl selbst hat jedoch die VI. Untersuchung über "Elemente einer phänomenologischen Aufklärung der Erkenntnis" als die in phänomenologischer Hinsicht wichtigste angesehen. Die Ausgabe folgt dem Text der kritischen Edition in den Husserliana mit den Nachweisen der Abweichungen zwischen der 1. und der 2. Auflage. Die Einführung und die umfassenden Register erleichtern die Erschließung des Werks.
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Kant-Lexikon: Habitus-Rührung

Author: Marcus Willaschek,Jürgen Stolzenberg,Georg Mohr,Stefano Bacin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783110172591

Category: Nachschlagewerk

Page: 882

View: 9811

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Semantik und Ontologie

Beiträge zur philosophischen Forschung

Author: Mark Siebel,Mark Textor

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110327236

Category: Philosophy

Page: 448

View: 5958

Der zweite Band der Reihe Philosophische Forschung spannt zwei Kerngebiete der Analytischen Philosophie zusammen: die Semantik und die Ontologie. Was sind die Grundbausteine unserer Ontologie? Wie beziehen wir uns sprachlich bzw. geistig auf sie? Diese und weitere Fragen werden von international renommierten Philosophen aus historischer und systematischer Perspektivediskutiert. Die Beiträge sind in Deutsch und English verfasst. Sie stammen von Christian Beyer, Johannes Brandl, Dagfinn Føllesdal, Dorothea Frede, Rolf George, Gerd Graßhoff, Peter Hacker, Andreas Kemmerling, Edgar Morscher, Kevin Mulligan, Rolf Puster, Richard Schantz, Benjamin Schnieder, Oliver Scholz, Severin Schröder, Peter Simons, Thomas Spitzley, Markus Stepanians, Ralf Stoecker und Daniel von Wachter.
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Physics and Philosophy of Nature in Greek Neoplatonism

Proceedings of the European Science Foundation Exploratory Workshop (Il Ciocco, Castelvecchio Pascoli, June 22-24, 2006)

Author: Riccardo Chiaradonna,F. T. Trabattoni

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004173803

Category: Philosophy

Page: 317

View: 7245

Traditional scholarship has generally neglected the philosophy of nature in Greek Neoplatonism. In the last few decades, however, this attitude has changed radically. Natural philosophy has increasingly been regarded as a crucial aspect of late antique thought. Furthermore, several studies have outlined the impressive historical legacy of Neoplatonic physics. Building on this new interest, the ten papers published here concentrate on Neoplatonic philosophy of nature from Plotinus to Simplicius, and on its main conceptual features and its relation to the previous philosophical and scientific traditions. The papers were presented at a conference sponsored by the European Science Foundation in Castelvecchio Pascoli in June 2006. This volume makes an important contribution to the understanding of Greek Neoplatonism and its historical significance.
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Über Grenzen denken

Eine Ethik der Migration

Author: Julian Nida-Rümelin

Publisher: Edition Körber

ISBN: 3896845209

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 7956

Über zwei Milliarden Menschen leben weltweit in Armut, leiden unter Hunger, Unterdrückung und Krieg. Über 65 Millionen von ihnen waren allem im letzten Jahr auf der Flucht, viele erhoffen sich ein besseres Leben in Europa oder Nordamerika. Hilfe tut also dringend not - aber sind offene Grenzen die richtige Antwort auf das Elend in der Welt? Diese Ansicht findet viele Fürsprecher, doch der Philosoph Julian Nida-Rümelin ist überzeugt: Offene Grenzen würden das Elend nicht wesentlich mildern, sondern die Herkunftsregionen weiter schwächen und die sozialen Konflikte in den aufnehmenden Ländern verschärfen. Eine Lösung für die beschämenden humanitären Skandale unserer Zeit sind sie nicht. In seiner Ethik der Migration schlägt Nida-Rümelin eine Brücke zwischen Philosophie und Politik: Politisches Handeln muss auf den Werten und Normen der Humanität beruhen. Nur so können verantwortungsbewusste und zukunftsträchtige Entscheidungen getroffen werden. Gerade weil solche Entscheidungen in der Migrationspolitik komplex sind und Dilemmata unvermeidlich, brauchen wir die Verfasstheit m Staaten: Sie bieten unverzichtbare politische Gestaltungsspielräume. Denn ob es uns gelingt, die weltweite Armut und Perspektivlosigkeit in den Ursprungsregionen wirksam zu bekämpfen, wird zum Lackmustest unserer Menschlichkeit.
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The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy

Author: Frank Jackson,Michael Smith

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199234769

Category: Law

Page: 904

View: 6370

A guide to today's most exciting research in academic philosophy with more than 30 distinguished scholars to contribute incisive and up-to-date critical surveys of the principal areas of research.
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The Routledge Companion to Ethics

Author: John Skorupski

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136964215

Category: Philosophy

Page: 880

View: 6511

The Routledge Companion to Ethics is an outstanding survey of the whole field of ethics by a distinguished international team of contributors. Over 60 chapters are divided into six clear sections: the history of ethics meta-ethics perspectives from outside ethics ethical perspectives morality debates in ethics. The Companion opens with a comprehensive historical overview of ethics, including chapters on Plato, Aristotle, Hume, and Kant, and ethical thinking in China, India and the Arabic tradition. The second part covers the domain of meta-ethics. The third part covers important challenges to ethics from the fields of anthropology, psychology, sociobiology and economics. The fourth and fifth sections cover competing theories of ethics and the nature of morality respectively, with entries on consequentialism, Kantian morality, virtue ethics, relativism, evil, and responsibility amongst many others. A comprehensive final section includes the most important topics and controversies in applied ethics, such as rights, justice and distribution, the end of life, the environment, poverty, war and terrorism. The Routledge Companion to Ethics is a superb resource for anyone interested in the subject, whether in philosophy or related disciplines such as politics, education, or law. Fully indexed and cross-referenced, with helpful further reading sections at the end of each chapter, it is ideal for those coming to the field of ethics for the first time as well as readers already familiar with the subject.
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