The Bioarchaeology of Metabolic Bone Disease

Author: Megan Brickley,Rachel Ives

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080557915

Category: Social Science

Page: 350

View: 2131

The Bioarchaeology of Metabolic Bone Disease provides a comprehensive and invaluable source of information on this important group of diseases. It is an essential guide for those engaged in either basic recording or in-depth research on human remains from archaeological sites. The range of potential tools for investigating metabolic diseases of bone are far greater than for many other conditions, and building on clinical investigations, this book will consider gross, surface features visible using microscopic examination, histological and radiological features of bone, that can be used to help investigate metabolic bone diseases. Clear photographs and line drawings illustrate gross, histological and radiological features associated with each of the conditions Covers a range of issues pertinent to the study of metabolic bone disease in archaeological skeletal material, including the problems that frequent co-existence of these conditions in individuals living in the past raises, the preservation of human bone and the impact this has on the ability to suggest a diagnosis of a condition Includes a range of conditions that can lead to osteopenia and osteoporosis, including previous investigations of these conditions in archaeological bone
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New Developments in the Bioarchaeology of Care

Further Case Studies and Expanded Theory

Author: Lorna Tilley,Alecia A. Schrenk

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319399012

Category: Social Science

Page: 385

View: 6750

New Developments in the Bioarchaeology of Care evaluates, refines and expands existing concepts and practices in the developing field of bioarchaeological research into health-related care provision in the past. Evidence in human remains that indicates an individual survived with, or following, a serious pathology suggests this person most likely received some form of care from others. This observation was first made half a century ago, but it is only in the last five years that health-related caregiving has been accepted as a topic for bioarchaeology research. In this time, interest has grown exponentially. A focus on care provides a dynamic framework for examining the experiences of disease and disability in the past - at the level of the individual receiving care, and that of the community providing it. When caregiving can be identified in the archaeological record, bioarchaeologists may be able to offer unique insights into aspects of past lifeways. This volume represents the work of an international, diverse, cross-disciplinary group of contributors, each bringing their own particular focus, style and expertise to analyzing past health-related care. Nineteen chapters offer content that ranges from an introduction to the basic 'bioarchaeology of care' approach, through original case studies of care provision, to new theoretical perspectives in this emerging area of scholarship. This book creates a synergy that challenges our thinking about past health-related care behaviors and about the implications of these behaviors for understanding the social environment in which they took place.
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Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton

Author: M. Anne Katzenberg,Anne L. Grauer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119151635

Category: Social Science

Page: 680

View: 633

An Indispensable Resource on Advanced Methods of Analysis of Human Skeletal and Dental Remains in Archaeological and Forensic Contexts Now in its third edition, Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton has become a key reference for bioarchaeologists, human osteologists, and paleopathologists throughout the world. It builds upon basic skills to provide the foundation for advanced scientific analyses of human skeletal remains in cultural, archaeological, and theoretical contexts. This new edition features updated coverage of topics including histomorphometry, dental morphology, stable isotope methods, and ancient DNA, as well as a number of new chapters on paleopathology. It also covers bioarchaeological ethics, taphonomy and the nature of archaeological assemblages, biomechanical analyses of archaeological human skeletons, and more. Fully updated and revised with new material written by leading researchers in the field Includes many case studies to demonstrate application of methods of analysis Offers valuable information on contexts, methods, applications, promises, and pitfalls Covering the latest advanced methods and techniques for analyzing skeletal and dental remains from archaeological discoveries, Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton is a trusted text for advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and professionals in human osteology, bioarchaeology, and paleopathology.
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The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191650382

Category: Social Science

Page: 872

View: 8878

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.
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Social Bioarchaeology

Author: Sabrina C. Agarwal,Bonnie A. Glencross

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444390520

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 1134

Illustrates new methodological directions in analyzing human social and biological variation Offers a wide array of research on past populations around the globe Explains the central features of bioarchaeological research by key researchers and established experts around the world
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Atlas Schulterarthroskopie

Author: Sven Lichtenberg,Peter Habermeyer,Petra Magosch

Publisher: Elsevier,Urban&FischerVerlag

ISBN: 3437241907

Category: Arthroscopy

Page: 166

View: 7977

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Advances in Human Palaeopathology

Author: Ron Pinhasi,Simon Mays

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047072417X

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 905

This volume presents a truly integrated methodological and biocultural approach to the expanding discipline of human palaeopathology. The book provides researchers and practitioners with a comprehensive guide to the main methods and techniques that are currently available for studying diseases and related conditions from human skeletal remains. It also describes the ways in which these methods can be applied to the reconstruction of health and disease in the past. The first part of the book deals with the survival of palaeopathological evidence and provides an up-to-date account of some of the latest techniques for studying disease in ancient remains. These include imaging techniques, such as radiography and CT scanning, and biochemical and histological analyses. Part two discusses the diagnosis and interpretation of particular classes of disease. The emphasis here is on what can be learnt by taking a biocultural or holistic approach to the study of disease frequencies at a population level. Combines theoretical, methodological and diagnostic aspects with key biocultural approaches. Includes overviews of the latest applicable techniques from molecular biology, biochemistry, histopathology and medical imaging. Written by an international team of experts. This book is an invaluable resource for biological anthropologists and archaeologists who study health and disease in past populations. It is also of interest to medical researchers dealing with epidemiological, diagnostic and pathophysiological aspects of diseases, who need a perspective upon the ways in which particular diseases affected earlier generations. Praise from the reviews: “... This book offers an impressive amount of information for both students and more advanced researchers. Its value lies in the vast expertise the contributors have to offer, with all of them being experts with long-standing careers in their respective fields, as well as the geographical distribution of examples that are given to illustrate specific diseases... outstanding and it truly is an important resource for anyone interested in palaeopathology.” PALEOPATHOLOGY NEWSLETTER “The strengths of the book are numerous, but I am especially impressed with the clarity of presentation... I strongly recommend the book, and plan on using it in my classes as assigned reading to emphasize the very complex nature of diagnosis and its essential role of providing baseline information for interpreting health profiles of ancient populations.” THE QUARTERLY REVIEW OF BIOLOGY “It may be asked if we really need yet another book on paleopathology, especially because there are many acclaimed sources available. In this case, the answer must be a resounding ‘‘Yes!’’...Visually and textually, this volume is of exceptional value for guiding future generations of paleopathologists.” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY "Pinhasi and Mays have produced an excellent, balanced compilation that reflects what is currently happening in paleopathology research and that nicely addresses paleopathology as both discipline and tool, highlighting technical advanced and schooling us on how disease manifests in the human skeleton. This is valuable resource that students and professionals interested in human paloepathology should consider adding to their libraries." AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN BIOLOGY
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Tepe Hissar

neolithische und kupferzeitliche Siedlung in Nordostiran

Author: Paul Yule,Erich Friedrich Schmidt

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Hissar Hill Site (Iran)

Page: 45

View: 5435

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Sex and Gender in Paleopathological Perspective

Author: Anne L. Grauer,Patricia Stuart-Macadam

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521620901

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 4572

This book explores ramifications of sex and gender on ancient and modern human diseases.
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Atlas der bildgebenden Diagnostik bei Heimtieren

Vögel - Kleinsäuger - Reptilien

Author: Maria-Elisabeth Krautwald-Junghanns,Michael Pees,Sven Reese

Publisher: Schlütersche

ISBN: 3842680260

Category: Medical

Page: 464

View: 1565

Der vorliegende Atlas ist eine bislang einmalige Zusammenstellung aller bildgebenden Verfahren für die drei großen "Heimtierklassen" Vögel, Kleinsäuger und Reptilien. Für jede Kleintierpraxis liegt damit eine ideale Ergänzung zu der bisher verfügbaren Literatur der bildgebenden Diagnostik vor.
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Richtstättenarchäologie

Author: Jost Auler

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3938473177

Category: Execution sites

Page: 636

View: 2972

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A Companion to Paleopathology

Author: Anne L. Grauer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444334255

Category: Medical

Page: 597

View: 9987

A Companion to Paleopathology offers a comprehensive overview of this rapidly growing sub- field of physical anthropology. Presents a broad overview of the field of paleopathology, integrating theoretical and methodological approaches to understand biological and disease processes throughout human history Demonstrates how paleopathology sheds light on the past through the analysis of human and non-human skeletal materials, mummified remains and preserved tissue Integrates scientific advances in multiple fields that contribute to the understanding of ancient and historic diseases, such as epidemiology, histology, radiology, parasitology, dentistry, and molecular biology, as well as archaeological, archival and historical research. Highlights cultural processes that have an impact on the evolution of illness, death and dying in human populations, including subsistence strategies, human environmental adaptations, the effects of malnutrition, differential access to resources, and interpersonal and intercultural violence
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Der Kreml

Eine neue Geschichte Russlands

Author: Catherine Merridale

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104028354

Category: History

Page: 624

View: 9706

Eine packende neue Geschichte Russlands – über 500 Jahre Herrschaft und Macht im Kreml, von Iwan dem Schrecklichen bis Wladimir Putin Der Kreml ist das imposante Symbol der russischen Nation. Hier wurden die mächtigen Zaren gekrönt, hier paradierte die glorreiche Rote Armee nach dem Sieg über Deutschland. Im Kreml schlägt das Herz der russischen Macht, hier entscheidet sich Russlands Schicksal. Die bedeutende Historikerin Catherine Merridale erzählt die faszinierende Geschichte des Kreml mit all ihren Intrigen und blutigen Kämpfen um die Macht. Indem sie das verborgene Innere des russischen Staates freilegt, ermöglicht Catherine Merridale uns ein neues Verständnis der bewegten Geschichte Russlands bis in die Gegenwart.
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Die Völker Namibias

Author: Johan S. Malan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783933117106

Category: Ethnology

Page: 159

View: 1890

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Der Experimentator Molekularbiologie / Genomics

Author: Cornel Mülhardt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642346367

Category: Science

Page: 303

View: 4569

Dieses Buch enthält das Grundlagenwissen sowie Tipps und Tricks für den Umgang mit Nucleinsäuren. Der Autor kennt Lust und Frust der täglichen Laborroutine ganz genau. Präparieren, Fällen, Konzentrieren und Reinigen von Nucleinsäuren Restriktionsenzyme, Gele, Blotten Polymerase-Kettenreaktion RNA-Isolierung, -Transkription Klonierung von DNA-Fragmenten Markierung von Sonden, Hybridisierung, Screening, Sequenzierung Mutagenese, In-vitro-Translation, transgene Mäuse, Transgenexpression, Gentherapie, Genomik Dieses Buch richtet sich an alle Experimentatoren, die molekularbiologische Versuche durchführen wollen und gern nachvollziehen möchten, was sich in ihrem Reaktionsgefäß abspielt. Das ganze Spektrum der üblichen molekularbiologischen Methoden wird vorgestellt, kommentiert und Alternativen aufgezeigt. Der lockere Ton wendet sich gleichermaßen an Studenten wie an BTAs und Laboranten, aber auch der alte Hase wird hier und dort noch etwas Neues entdecken. Die 7. Auflage wurde überarbeitet und aktualisiert.
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Michel Foucaults »Geschichte der Gouvernementalität« in den Sozialwissenschaften

Internationale Beiträge

Author: Susanne Krasmann,Michael Volkmer

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839404886

Category: Social Science

Page: 314

View: 5350

Michel Foucaults Konzept der Gouvernementalität ist bereits zu einem wichtigen Bestandteil der Diskussionen und Forschungen in der politischen Philosophie und den Sozialwissenschaften avanciert. Im Herbst 2004 sind nunmehr, zeitgleich in Deutschland und Frankreich, die vollständig transkribierten und kommentierten Vorlesungen zur »Geschichte der Gouvernementalität« erschienen. Der vorliegende Band greift die sich damit bietende Möglichkeit einer systematischen Analyse der verschiedenen theoretischen und diskurshistorischen Aspekte des Vorlesungstextes auf. Eine internationale Autorenschaft aus dem deutschen, dem angelsächsischen und dem frankophonen Raum lotet die paradigmatische Relevanz der Gouvernementalität für die Sozialwissenschaften aus - gleichermaßen im Rückblick auf die bisherigen Forschungen und Rezeptionslinien wie auch perspektivisch anhand aktueller gesellschaftlicher Problemstellungen und theoretischer Diskussionen.
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Seuchen, die die Welt veränderten

von Cholera bis SARS

Author: Mary Dobson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783866900943

Category: Epidemie - Geschichte

Page: 255

View: 1791

Reich illustriertes Panorama der alten und neuen endemisch, epidemisch oder gar pandemisch sich ausbreitenden Seuchen der Menschheitsgeschichte und ihrer sozialen Auswirkungen.
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