The Beginnings of Islamic Law

Late Antique Islamicate Legal Traditions

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1107133025

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8557

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The Beginnings of Islamic Law

Late Antique Islamicate Legal Traditions

Author: Lena Salaymeh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316825574

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 8717

The Beginnings of Islamic Law is a major and innovative contribution to our understanding of the historical unfolding of Islamic law. Scrutinizing its historical contexts, the book proposes that Islamic law is a continuous intermingling of innovation and tradition. Salaymeh challenges the embedded assumptions in conventional Islamic legal historiography by developing a critical approach to the study of both Islamic and Jewish legal history. Through case studies of the treatment of war prisoners, circumcision, and wife-initiated divorce, she examines how Muslim jurists incorporated and transformed 'Near Eastern' legal traditions. She also demonstrates how socio-political and historical situations shaped the everyday practice of law, legal education, and the organization of the legal profession in the late antique and medieval eras. Aimed at scholars and students interested in Islamic history, Islamic law, and the relationship between Jewish and Islamic legal traditions, this book's interdisciplinary approach provides accessible explanations and translations of complex materials and ideas.
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The Beginnings of Islamic Law

Late Antique Islamicate Legal Traditions

Author: Lena Salaymeh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107589711

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 9727

The Beginnings of Islamic Law is a major and innovative contribution to our understanding of the historical unfolding of Islamic law. Scrutinizing its historical contexts, the book proposes that Islamic law is a continuous intermingling of innovation and tradition. Salaymeh challenges the embedded assumptions in conventional Islamic legal historiography by developing a critical approach to the study of both Islamic and Jewish legal history. Through case studies of the treatment of war prisoners, circumcision, and wife-initiated divorce, she examines how Muslim jurists incorporated and transformed 'Near Eastern' legal traditions. She also demonstrates how socio-political and historical situations shaped the everyday practice of law, legal education, and the organization of the legal profession in the late antique and medieval eras. Aimed at scholars and students interested in Islamic history, Islamic law, and the relationship between Jewish and Islamic legal traditions, this book's interdisciplinary approach provides accessible explanations and translations of complex materials and ideas.
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Doubt in Islamic Law

Author: Intisar A. Rabb

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107080991

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 1240

This book considers the rarely studied but pervasive concepts of doubt that medieval Muslim jurists used to resolve problematic criminal cases.
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The Logic of Law Making in Islam

Women and Prayer in the Legal Tradition

Author: Behnam Sadeghi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139789252

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 5849

This pioneering study examines the process of reasoning in Islamic law. Some of the key questions addressed here include whether sacred law operates differently from secular law, why laws change or stay the same and how different cultural and historical settings impact the development of legal rulings. In order to explore these questions, the author examines the decisions of thirty jurists from the largest legal tradition in Islam: the Hanafi school of law. He traces their rulings on the question of women and communal prayer across a very broad period of time - from the eighth to the eighteenth century - to demonstrate how jurists interpreted the law and reconciled their decisions with the scripture and the sayings of the Prophet. The result is a fascinating overview of how Islamic law has evolved and the thinking behind individual rulings.
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The Politics of Islamic Law

Local Elites, Colonial Authority, and the Making of the Muslim State

Author: Iza R. Hussin

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022632348X

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 2012

In The Politics of Islamic Law, Iza Hussin compares India, Malaya, and Egypt during the British colonial period in order to trace the making and transformation of the contemporary category of ‘Islamic law.’ She demonstrates that not only is Islamic law not the shari’ah, its present institutional forms, substantive content, symbolic vocabulary, and relationship to state and society—in short, its politics—are built upon foundations laid during the colonial encounter. Drawing on extensive archival work in English, Arabic, and Malay—from court records to colonial and local papers to private letters and visual material—Hussin offers a view of politics in the colonial period as an iterative series of negotiations between local and colonial powers in multiple locations. She shows how this resulted in a paradox, centralizing Islamic law at the same time that it limited its reach to family and ritual matters, and produced a transformation in the Muslim state, providing the frame within which Islam is articulated today, setting the agenda for ongoing legislation and policy, and defining the limits of change. Combining a genealogy of law with a political analysis of its institutional dynamics, this book offers an up-close look at the ways in which global transformations are realized at the local level.
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Coming of Age in Medieval Egypt

Female Adolescence, Jewish Law, and Ordinary Culture

Author: Eve Krakowski

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400887844

Category: Religion

Page: 360

View: 3928

Much of what we know about life in the medieval Islamic Middle East comes from texts written to impart religious ideals or to chronicle the movements of great men. How did women participate in the societies these texts describe? What about non-Muslims, whose own religious traditions descended partly from pre-Islamic late antiquity? Coming of Age in Medieval Egypt approaches these questions through Jewish women’s adolescence in Fatimid and Ayyubid Egypt and Syria (c. 969–1250). Using hundreds of everyday papers preserved in the Cairo Geniza, Eve Krakowski follows the lives of girls from different social classes—rich and poor, secluded and physically mobile—as they prepared to marry and become social adults. She argues that the families on whom these girls depended were more varied, fragmented, and fluid than has been thought. Krakowski also suggests a new approach to religious identity in premodern Islamic societies—and to the history of rabbinic Judaism. Through the lens of women’s coming-of-age, she demonstrates that even Jews who faithfully observed rabbinic law did not always understand the world in rabbinic terms. By tracing the fault lines between rabbinic legal practice and its practitioners’ lives, Krakowski explains how rabbinic Judaism adapted to the Islamic Middle Ages. Coming of Age in Medieval Egypt offers a new way to understand how women took part in premodern Middle Eastern societies, and how families and religious law worked in the medieval Islamic world.
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The Wiley Blackwell History of Islam

Author: Armando Salvatore

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118523563

Category: Religion

Page: 688

View: 9012

A theoretically rich, nuanced history of Islam and Islamic civilization with a unique sociological component This major new reference work offers a complete historical and theoretically informed view of Islam as both a religion and a sociocultural force. Uniquely comprehensive, it surveys and discusses the transformation of Muslim societies in different eras and various regions, providing a broad narrative of the historical development of Islamic civilization. This text explores the complex and varied history of the religion and its traditions. It provides an in-depth study of the diverse ways through which the religious dimension at the core of Islamic traditions has led to a distinctive type of civilizational process in history. The book illuminates the ways in which various historical forces have converged and crystallized in institutional forms at a variety of levels, embracing social, religious, legal, political, cultural, and civic dimensions. Together, the team of internationally renowned scholars move from the genesis of a new social order in 7th-century Arabia, right up to the rise of revolutionary Islamist currents in the 20th century and the varied ways in which Islam has grown and continues to pervade daily life in the Middle East and beyond. This book is essential reading for students and academics in a wide range of fields, including sociology, history, law, and political science. It will also appeal to general readers with an interest in the history of one of the world’s great religions.
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Islamic Legal Thought

A Compendium of Muslim Jurists

Author: David Powers,Susan Spectorsky,Oussama Arabi

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004255885

Category: Law

Page: 606

View: 8035

In Islamic Legal Thought: A Compendium of Muslim Jurists, twenty-three scholars each contribute a chapter containing the biography of a distinguished Muslim jurist and a translated sample of his work. Jurists of the formative, classical and modern periods are represented.
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For Love of the Prophet

An Ethnography of Sudan's Islamic State

Author: Noah Salomon

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400884292

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 1800

For some, the idea of an Islamic state serves to fulfill aspirations for cultural sovereignty and new forms of ethical political practice. For others, it violates the proper domains of both religion and politics. Yet, while there has been much discussion of the idea and ideals of the Islamic state, its possibilities and impossibilities, surprisingly little has been written about how this political formation is lived. For Love of the Prophet looks at the Republic of Sudan's twenty-five-year experiment with Islamic statehood. Focusing not on state institutions, but rather on the daily life that goes on in their shadows, Noah Salomon’s careful ethnography examines the lasting effects of state Islamization on Sudanese society through a study of the individuals and organizations working in its midst. Salomon investigates Sudan at a crucial moment in its history—balanced between unity and partition, secular and religious politics, peace and war—when those who desired an Islamic state were rethinking the political form under which they had lived for nearly a generation. Countering the dominant discourse, Salomon depicts contemporary Islamic politics not as a response to secularism and Westernization but as a node in a much longer conversation within Islamic thought, augmented and reappropriated as state projects of Islamic reform became objects of debate and controversy. Among the first books to delve into the making of the modern Islamic state, For Love of the Prophet reveals both novel political ideals and new articulations of Islam as it is rethought through the lens of the nation.
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Crime and Punishment in Islamic Law

Theory and Practice from the Sixteenth to the Twenty-First Century

Author: Rudolph Peters

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139445340

Category: History

Page: 219

View: 9460

Rudolph Peters' book, first published in 2006, is about crimes and their punishments as laid down in Islamic law. In recent years some of the more fundamentalist regimes, such as those of Iran, Pakistan, Sudan and the northern states of Nigeria have reintroduced Islamic law in place of western criminal codes. Peters gives a detailed account of the classical doctrine and traces the enforcement of criminal law from the Ottoman period to the present day. The accounts of actual cases which range from theft, banditry, murder, fornication and apostasy shed light on the complexities of the law, and the sensitivity and perspicacity of the qadis who implemented it. This is the first single-authored account of both the theory and practice of Islamic criminal law. It will be invaluable for students, and scholars in the field, as well as for professionals looking for comprehensive coverage of the topic.
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Islamic Cultures, Islamic Contexts

Essays in Honor of Professor Patricia Crone

Author: Asad Q. Ahmed,Behnam Sadeghi,Robert G. Hoyland,Adam Silverstein

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004281711

Category: History

Page: 670

View: 947

This collected volume brings together a range of articles in honor of Professor Patricia Crone.
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The Islamophobia Industry

How the Right Manufactures Hatred of Muslims

Author: Nathan Lean

Publisher: Pluto Press (UK)

ISBN: 9780745337166

Category:

Page: 336

View: 4224

This is a disturbing account of the campaign to promote fear and hatred of Muslims in the United States and Europe, from the 'War on Terror' to Trump's travel ban. Nathan Lean takes us through a world of conservative bloggers, right-wing talk show hosts, evangelical religious leaders and politicians, united in their efforts to demonise Muslims as the new enemy of Western civilization. Lean uncovers their scare tactics, traces their sources of funding and exposes the ideologies that drive their lucrative propaganda machine. This second edition includes new material on the Trump campaign and presidency, tracking the rise to power of some of the Islamophobia Industry's most extreme figures. Writers from Breitbart, liberal anti-Muslim campaigners such as Bill Maher, and Trump-influencers such as Steve Bannon, Newt Gingrich and John Bolton are all put in the spotlight. This shocking and enlightening book is now more relevant than ever.
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Reclaiming Islamic Tradition

Modern Interpretations of the Classical Heritage

Author: Elisabeth Kendall

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 1474415156

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 3524

Explores how the classical Islamic tradition has been retrieved, reformed and reshaped in the modern Islamic worldRecent events in the Islamic world have demonstrated the endurance, neglect and careful reshaping of the classical Islamic heritage. A range of modern Islamic movements and intellectuals has sought to reclaim certain concepts, ideas, persons and trends from the Islamic tradition. This book profiles some of the fundamental debates that have defined the conversation between the past and the present in the Islamic world. Quranic exegesis, Islamic law, gender, violence and eschatology are just some of the key themes in this study of the Islamic traditions vitality in the modern Islamic world. This book will allow readers to situate modern developments in the Islamic world within the longue durA(c)e of Islamic history and thought.Key FeaturesBrings clarity to modern trends, events and debates in the Islamic world by placing them in their longer historical trajectoriesBrings together experts of the medieval and modern Islamic worldProvides an examination of how the classical Islamic heritage functions in todays Islamic world in regions as diverse as the Middle East, Iran and the Indian subcontinentCase Studies IncludeJihad Treatise Impact in IndiaJihadist PropagandaWomens Legal Testimony in IslamIslamic Legal Issues in Iran
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Ibn Taymiyya's Theological Ethics

Author: Sophia Vasalou

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 019939783X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 342

View: 2920

Ibn Taymiyya is a thinker often associated with dogmatism, but who also valued moderation and considered himself a defender of the harmony between human reason and religious faith. By closely examining the tenets of his ethical thought, Sophia Vasalou sheds fresh light on Taymiyya's intellectual identity.
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Salafism in Jordan

Political Islam in a Quietist Community

Author: Joas Wagemakers

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316776816

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 1744

Since the events of 9/11, Salafism in the Middle East has often been perceived as fixed, rigid and even violent, but this assumption overlooks the quietist ideology that characterises many Salafi movements. Through an exploration of Salafism in Jordan, Joas Wagemakers presents the diversity among quietist Salafis on a range of ideological and political issues, particularly their relationship with the state. He expounds a detailed analysis of Salafism as a whole, whilst also showing how and why quietist Salafism in Jordan - through ideological tendencies, foreign developments, internal conflicts, regime involvement, theological challenges and regional turmoil - transformed from an independent movement into a politically domesticated one. Essential for graduate students and academic researchers interested in Middle Eastern politics and Salafism, this major contribution to the study of Salafism debunks stereotypes and offers insight into the development of a trend that still remains a mystery to many.
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Justice and Leadership in Early Islamic Courts

Author: Intisar A. Rabb

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780674984219

Category: Islamic courts

Page: 260

View: 7437

Justice and Leadership in Early Islamic Courts explores the administration of justice during Islam's founding period, 632-1250 CE. Inspired by the scholarship of Roy Parviz Mottahedeh, ten scholars of Islamic law draw on diverse sources including historical chronicles, biographical dictionaries, exegetical works, and mirrors for princes.
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Non-Muslims in the Early Islamic Empire

From Surrender to Coexistence

Author: Milka Levy-Rubin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139499157

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 933

The Muslim conquest of the East in the seventh century entailed the subjugation of Christians, Jews, Zoroastrians and others. Although much has been written about the status of non-Muslims in the Islamic empire, no previous works have examined how the rules applying to minorities were formulated. Milka Levy-Rubin's remarkable book traces the emergence of these regulations from the first surrender agreements in the immediate aftermath of conquest to the formation of the canonic document called the Pact of 'Umar, which was formalized under the early 'Abbasids, in the first half of the ninth century. The study reveals that the conquered peoples themselves played a major role in the creation of these policies and that they were based on long-standing traditions, customs and institutions from earlier pre-Islamic cultures that originated in the worlds of both the conquerors and the conquered. In its connections to Roman, Byzantine and Sasanian traditions, the book will appeal to historians of Europe as well as Arabia and Persia.
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The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam

Author: Mohammad Iqbal

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804786860

Category: Religion

Page: 328

View: 5915

The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam (1930) is Muhammad Iqbal's major philosophic work: a series of profound reflections on the perennial conflict among science, religion, and philosophy, culminating in new visions of the unity of human knowledge, of the human spirit, and of God. Iqbal's thought contributed significantly to the establishment of Pakistan, to the religious and political ideals of the Iranian Revolution, and to the survival of Muslim identity in parts of the former USSR. It now serves as new bridge between East and West and between Islam and the other Religions of the Book. With a new Introduction by Javed Majeed, this edition of The Reconstruction opens the teachings of Iqbal to the modern, Western reader. It will be essential reading for all those interested in Islamic intellectual history, the renewal of Islam in the modern world, and political theory of Islam's relationship to the West.
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What Is Islam?

The Importance of Being Islamic

Author: Shahab Ahmed

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400873584

Category: Religion

Page: 624

View: 1743

What is Islam? How do we grasp a human and historical phenomenon characterized by such variety and contradiction? What is "Islamic" about Islamic philosophy or Islamic art? Should we speak of Islam or of islams? Should we distinguish the Islamic (the religious) from the Islamicate (the cultural)? Or should we abandon "Islamic" altogether as an analytical term? In What Is Islam?, Shahab Ahmed presents a bold new conceptualization of Islam that challenges dominant understandings grounded in the categories of "religion" and "culture" or those that privilege law and scripture. He argues that these modes of thinking obstruct us from understanding Islam, distorting it, diminishing it, and rendering it incoherent. What Is Islam? formulates a new conceptual language for analyzing Islam. It presents a new paradigm of how Muslims have historically understood divine revelation—one that enables us to understand how and why Muslims through history have embraced values such as exploration, ambiguity, aestheticization, polyvalence, and relativism, as well as practices such as figural art, music, and even wine drinking as Islamic. It also puts forward a new understanding of the historical constitution of Islamic law and its relationship to philosophical ethics and political theory. A book that is certain to provoke debate and significantly alter our understanding of Islam, What Is Islam? reveals how Muslims have historically conceived of and lived with Islam as norms and truths that are at once contradictory yet coherent.
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