The Banach-Tarski Paradox

Author: Stan Wagon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521457040

Category: Mathematics

Page: 253

View: 1711

This volume explores the consequences of the paradox for measure theory and its connections with group theory, geometry, and logic. It unifies the results of contemporary research on the paradox and presents several new results including some unusual paradoxes in hyperbolic space. It also provides up to date proofs and discusses many unsolved problems.
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The Banach–Tarski Paradox

Author: Grzegorz Tomkowicz,Stan Wagon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107042593

Category: Mathematics

Page: 360

View: 2322

The Banach-Tarski Paradox seems patently false. The authors explain it and its implications in terms appropriate for an undergraduate.
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Permanents

Author: Henryk Minc

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521302265

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

View: 6235

The purpose of this book, which was first published in 1978, is to give a complete account of the theory of permanents, their history and applications. This volume was the first complete account of the theory of permanents, covering virtually the whole of the subject, a feature that no simple survey of the theory of matrices can even attempt. The work also contains many results stated without formal proofs. This book can be used as a textbook at the advanced undergraduate or graduate level. The only prerequisites are a standard undergraduate course in the theory of matrices and a measure of mathematical maturity.
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Matroid Applications

Author: Neil White

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521381659

Category: Mathematics

Page: 363

View: 551

This volume, the third in a sequence that began with The Theory of Matroids and Combinatorial Geometries, concentrates on the applications of matroid theory to a variety of topics from engineering (rigidity and scene analysis), combinatorics (graphs, lattices, codes and designs), topology and operations research (the greedy algorithm).
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Model Theory

Author: Wilfrid Hodges

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521304429

Category: Mathematics

Page: 772

View: 6024

Model theory is concerned with the notions of definition, interpretation and structure in a very general setting, and is applied to a wide range of other areas such as set theory, geometry, algebra and computer science. This book provides an integrated introduction to model theory for graduate students.
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Combinatorial Group Theory and Applications to Geometry

Author: D.J. Collins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540637042

Category: Mathematics

Page: 240

View: 8227

This book consists of two parts. The first part provides a comprehensive description of that part of group theory which has its roots in topology. The second more advanced part deals with recent work on groups relating to topological manifolds. It is a valuable guide to research in this field. The text contains numerous examples, sketches of proofs and open problems.
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Hinged Dissections

Swinging and Twisting

Author: Greg N. Frederickson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521811927

Category: Mathematics

Page: 287

View: 782

Using this book, you can explore ways to create hinged collections of pieces that swing together to form a figure. Swing them another way and they form another figure! The profuse illustrations and lively text will show you how to find a wealth of hinged dissections for all kinds of polygons, stars and crosses, curved and even three-dimensional figures. For an added challenge, you can try using different kinds of hinges for twisting and flipping pieces. The author includes careful explanation of ingenious techniques, as well as puzzles and solutions for readers of all mathematical levels. If you remember any secondary school geometry, you are already on your way. These novel and original dissections will be a gold mine for math puzzle enthusiasts, for math educators in search of enrichment topics, and for anyone who loves to see beautiful objects in motion.
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Combinatorial Set Theory

With a Gentle Introduction to Forcing

Author: Lorenz J. Halbeisen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781447121732

Category: Mathematics

Page: 456

View: 2801

This book provides a self-contained introduction to modern set theory and also opens up some more advanced areas of current research in this field. The first part offers an overview of classical set theory wherein the focus lies on the axiom of choice and Ramsey theory. In the second part, the sophisticated technique of forcing, originally developed by Paul Cohen, is explained in great detail. With this technique, one can show that certain statements, like the continuum hypothesis, are neither provable nor disprovable from the axioms of set theory. In the last part, some topics of classical set theory are revisited and further developed in the light of forcing. The notes at the end of each chapter put the results in a historical context, and the numerous related results and the extensive list of references lead the reader to the frontier of research. This book will appeal to all mathematicians interested in the foundations of mathematics, but will be of particular use to graduates in this field.
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The Joys of Haar Measure

Author: Joe Diestel,Angela Spalsbury

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470409356

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 5067

From the earliest days of measure theory, invariant measures have held the interests of geometers and analysts alike, with the Haar measure playing an especially delightful role. The aim of this book is to present invariant measures on topological groups, progressing from special cases to the more general. Presenting existence proofs in special cases, such as compact metrizable groups, highlights how the added assumptions give insight into just what the Haar measure is like; tools from different aspects of analysis and/or combinatorics demonstrate the diverse views afforded the subject. After presenting the compact case, applications indicate how these tools can find use. The generalisation to locally compact groups is then presented and applied to show relations between metric and measure theoretic invariance. Steinlage's approach to the general problem of homogeneous action in the locally compact setting shows how Banach's approach and that of Cartan and Weil can be unified with good effect. Finally, the situation of a nonlocally compact Polish group is discussed briefly with the surprisingly unsettling consequences indicated. The book is accessible to graduate and advanced undergraduate students who have been exposed to a basic course in real variables, although the authors do review the development of the Lebesgue measure. It will be a stimulating reference for students and professors who use the Haar measure in their studies and research.
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Mathematica® in Action

Problem Solving Through Visualization and Computation

Author: Stan Wagon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387754772

Category: Mathematics

Page: 580

View: 3713

Plenty of examples and case studies utilize Mathematica 7's newest tools, such as dynamic manipulations and adaptive three-dimensional plotting. Emphasizes the breadth of Mathematica and the impressive results of combining techniques from different areas. Whenever possible, the book shows how Mathematica can be used to discover new things. Striking examples include the design of a road on which a square wheel bike can ride, the design of a drill that can drill square holes, and new and surprising formulas for p. Visualization is emphasized throughout, with finely crafted graphics in each chapter.
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Equivalents of the Riemann Hypothesis: Volume 2, Analytic Equivalents

Author: Kevin Broughan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108187021

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 9898

The Riemann hypothesis (RH) is perhaps the most important outstanding problem in mathematics. This two-volume text presents the main known equivalents to RH using analytic and computational methods. The book is gentle on the reader with definitions repeated, proofs split into logical sections, and graphical descriptions of the relations between different results. It also includes extensive tables, supplementary computational tools, and open problems suitable for research. Accompanying software is free to download. These books will interest mathematicians who wish to update their knowledge, graduate and senior undergraduate students seeking accessible research problems in number theory, and others who want to explore and extend results computationally. Each volume can be read independently. Volume 1 presents classical and modern arithmetic equivalents to RH, with some analytic methods. Volume 2 covers equivalences with a strong analytic orientation, supported by an extensive set of appendices containing fully developed proofs.
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Cellular Automata and Groups

Author: Tullio Ceccherini-Silberstein,Michel Coornaert

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642140341

Category: Computers

Page: 440

View: 6941

Cellular automata were introduced in the first half of the last century by John von Neumann who used them as theoretical models for self-reproducing machines. The authors present a self-contained exposition of the theory of cellular automata on groups and explore its deep connections with recent developments in geometric group theory, symbolic dynamics, and other branches of mathematics and theoretical computer science. The topics treated include in particular the Garden of Eden theorem for amenable groups, and the Gromov-Weiss surjunctivity theorem as well as the solution of the Kaplansky conjecture on the stable finiteness of group rings for sofic groups. The volume is entirely self-contained, with 10 appendices and more than 300 exercises, and appeals to a large audience including specialists as well as newcomers in the field. It provides a comprehensive account of recent progress in the theory of cellular automata based on the interplay between amenability, geometric and combinatorial group theory, symbolic dynamics and the algebraic theory of group rings which are treated here for the first time in book form.
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The Theory of H(b) Spaces

Author: Emmanuel Fricain,Javad Mashreghi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107027772

Category: Mathematics

Page: 700

View: 4736

In two volumes, this comprehensive treatment covers all that is needed to understand and appreciate this beautiful branch of mathematics.
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L'Enseignement mathématique

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 6910

Vols. for 1965- include a separately paged section, Bulletin bibliographique.
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Oriented Matroids

Author: Anders Björner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521777506

Category: Mathematics

Page: 548

View: 1449

First comprehensive, accessible account; second edition has expanded bibliography and a new appendix surveying recent research.
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Strict Finitism and the Logic of Mathematical Applications

Author: Feng Ye

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400713475

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 6111

This book intends to show that radical naturalism (or physicalism), nominalism and strict finitism account for the applications of classical mathematics in current scientific theories. The applied mathematical theories developed in the book include the basics of calculus, metric space theory, complex analysis, Lebesgue integration, Hilbert spaces, and semi-Riemann geometry (sufficient for the applications in classical quantum mechanics and general relativity). The fact that so much applied mathematics can be developed within such a weak, strictly finitistic system, is surprising in itself. It also shows that the applications of those classical theories to the finite physical world can be translated into the applications of strict finitism, which demonstrates the applicability of those classical theories without assuming the literal truth of those theories or the reality of infinity. Both professional researchers and students of philosophy of mathematics will benefit greatly from reading this book.
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Alfred Tarski

Life and Logic

Author: Anita Burdman Feferman,Solomon Feferman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521802406

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 425

View: 7937

Alfred Tarski, one of the greatest logicians of all time, is widely thought of as 'the man who defined truth'. His mathematical work on the concepts of truth and logical consequence are cornerstones of modern logic, influencing developments in philosophy, linguistics and computer science. Tarski was a charismatic teacher and zealous promoter of his view of logic as the foundation of all rational thought, a bon-vivant and a womanizer, who played the 'great man' to the hilt. Born in Warsaw in 1901 to Jewish parents, he changed his name and converted to Catholicism, but was never able to obtain a professorship in his home country. A fortuitous trip to the United States at the outbreak of war saved his life and turned his career around, even while it separated him from his family for years. By the war's end he was established as a professor of mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley. There Tarski built an empire in logic and methodology that attracted students and distinguished researchers from all over the world. From the cafes of Warsaw and Vienna to the mountains and deserts of California, this first full length biography places Tarski in the social, intellectual and historical context of his times and presents a frank, vivid picture of a personally and professionally passionate man, interlaced with an account of his major scientific achievements.
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Simon Stevin

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 372

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