The Art of Comedy and Social Critique in Nineteenth-century Germany

Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer (1800-1868)

Author: Rinske Van Stipriaan Pritchett

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039102921

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 240

View: 7240

During the mid-nineteenth century, Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer pursued a fifty-year career as a playwright and theater manager in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland at a time of the transformation of court theaters and itinerant troupes into commercial establishments staffed by middle-class professionals and subject to market forces. Although she has been undervalued by some critics past and present who considered her mainly as an adapter of contemporary novels, this study shows that with her thorough knowledge of the European dramatic tradition, her skill as a playwright, and above all her professionalism she overcame institutional and gender bias to develop a form of drama that integrated the social and economic changes of her time. The analysis focuses on her use of the subversive genre of comedy, the strategies she used to evade the censor, and her employment of assertive female and working-class characters. She revived "commedia dell'arte" techniques of the past while devising innovations that anticipated the subsequent course of drama as well as the film techniques of today.
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Between National Fantasies and Regional Realities

The Paradox of Identity in Nineteenth-century German Literature

Author: Arne Koch

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039109395

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 266

View: 5707

Despite its popularity during the nineteenth century, regional literature has often been overlooked with regard to its role in the development of German national consciousness. By exploring various illustrations of geographic-historical landscapes in texts written before the 1848 revolutions and after the 1871 unification, this book investigates the vital polyphony generated by unique regional voices throughout the age of nationalism. Close readings of texts by Berthold Auerbach, Theodor Storm, Wilhelm Raabe, Fritz Reuter, Theodor Fontane, Gottfried Keller, and Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach examine recognizable and unfamiliar regions. Although this study concentrates on provincial writings, literary regionalism’s fictionality and simultaneous referentiality raise broader questions for the programmatic aesthetics of Poetic Realism and for inquiries into identity formation.
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Realismus

Lehrbuch Germanistik

Author: Hugo Aust

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3476050335

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 356

View: 4396

Fontane urteilte: "Der Realismus ist die künstlerische Wiedergabe des Lebens". Lässt sich die deutschsprachige Literatur von 1848 bis zur Wende zum 20. Jahrhundert mit diesem Satz charakterisieren? Von den frühen Leipziger 'Grenzboten' bis zur späten Auseinandersetzung mit der jungen Moderne wird die Realismus-Debatte neu aufgerollt. Die bedeutenden Romane und Novellen, Dramen und Gedichte rücken vor den kulturgeschichtlichen Hintergrund. Ein profunder Überblick.
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Trials and Tribunals in the Dramas of Heinrich Von Kleist

Author: Kim Fordham

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039110391

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 153

View: 2113

What makes the trial so appealing as dramatic form? Why do we watch? Is it simply the quest for truth and justice? Or is it much more than that? From the time of Sophocles, the court has fascinated audiences and dramatists alike. Kleist is no exception, as each of his dramas and many of his stories and anecdotes contain a trial of some sort from its most primitive form of hand-to-hand combat in the duel to more conventional legal proceedings in secular, military and ecclesiastical courts. At trial, we desire, whether consciously or unconsciously, to have our own system of beliefs and behaviours affirmed rather than to attempt to achieve justice: self-interest prevails at the expense of truth and equity. The focus of this book is the tension between the restoration of "dike," the balance of natural order, and the pursuit of truth and justice as impetus behind the trial. With recourse to the concept of legal instrumentalism, which underscores this preference for order over justice in both the law and literature, the author examines Kleist's dramas to determine the extent to which those individuals in positions of power are able to manipulate the proceedings, seeking not justice and truth, but rather the validation of their own particular version of order. The trial, a tool generally thought to be designed to discover truth and to mete out justice, is used instead, in the hands of the powerful, as an instrument of control and degradation."
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Challenging Separate Spheres

Female Bildung in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-century Germany

Author: Marjanne E. Goozé

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039110186

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 317

View: 6482

This collection of essays centers on women writers who negotiated, interrogated, and challenged the gender ideology of separate spheres through their advocacy and representations of female "Bildung." The term "Bildung" encompasses an individual's entire moral, spiritual, behavioral, emotional, political and intellectual development. The contributors analyze works of fiction, memoirs, autobiographies, letters, the periodical press, and conduct and cookbooks from the mid-1700s to circa 1900 that confront the separate spheres paradigm and promote women's educational and personal development. They examine women's writing and reading practices, moral and gender philosophies, political activism, and work from the home to the stage and factory. Most writers did not repudiate outright existing gender models, but both subtly and overtly subverted and reinterpreted them. In all the texts, the process of female education leads to an assertion of agency. The writers came from different social classes and professional backgrounds, ranging from noblewomen to working-class autobiographers of the later nineteenth century. This volume will be of interest to German cultural, literary, and historical scholars, as well as to those concerned with the development of European feminism, women's education and autobiography.
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Hegel on the Modern Arts

Author: Benjamin Rutter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113948978X

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 4685

Debates over the 'end of art' have tended to obscure Hegel's work on the arts themselves. Benjamin Rutter opens this study with a defence of art's indispensability to Hegel's conception of modernity; he then seeks to reorient discussion toward the distinctive values of painting, poetry, and the novel. Working carefully through Hegel's four lecture series on aesthetics, he identifies the expressive possibilities particular to each medium. Thus, Dutch genre scenes animate the everyday with an appearance of vitality; metaphor frees language from prose; and Goethe's lyrics revive the banal routines of love with imagination and wit. Rutter's important study reconstructs Hegel's view not only of modern art but of modern life and will appeal to philosophers, literary theorists, and art historians alike.
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Geschichte der Philosophie

Lehr- und Lernbuch

Author: Curt Friedlein

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 427

View: 5865

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History of European Drama and Theatre

Author: Erika Fischer-Lichte

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134678614

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 416

View: 5713

This major study reconstructs the vast history of European drama from Greek tragedy through to twentieth-century theatre, focusing on the subject of identity. Throughout history, drama has performed and represented political, religious, national, ethnic, class-related, gendered, and individual concepts of identity. Erika Fischer-Lichte's topics include: * ancient Greek theatre * Shakespeare and Elizabethan theatre by Corneilli, Racine, Molière * the Italian commedia dell'arte and its transformations into eighteenth-century drama * the German Enlightenment - Lessing, Schiller, Goethe, and Lenz * romanticism by Kleist, Byron, Shelley, Hugo, de Vigny, Musset, Büchner, and Nestroy * the turn of the century - Ibsen, Strindberg, Chekhov, Stanislavski * the twentieth century - Craig, Meyerhold, Artaud, O'Neill, Pirandello, Brecht, Beckett, Müller. Anyone interested in theatre throughout history and today will find this an invaluable source of information.
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Visual Culture in Twentieth-century Germany

Text as Spectacle

Author: Gail Finney

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253218339

Category: Art

Page: 310

View: 4628

'Visual Culture in Twentieth-Century Germany' explores a wide spectrum of visual media in 20th century Germany in their critical and social contexts. Contributors examine film, photography, cabaret performances, advertising, architecture, painting, dance, television, and cartography.
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Germany at the Fin de Siecle

Culture, Politics, and Ideas

Author: Suzanne L. Marchand,David F. Lindenfeld

Publisher: LSU Press

ISBN: 9780807129791

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 847

The phrase fin de siecle conjures up images of artistic experimentation and political decadence. The contributors to this volume argue that Wilhelmine Germany - best known for its industrial and military muscle - also shared these traits.The phrase fin de siecle conjures up images of artistic experimentation and political decadence. The contributors to this volume argue that Wilhelmine Germany - best known for its industrial and military muscle - also shared these traits. Their essays look back to the years between 1885 and 1914 to find in Germany a mixture of sociopolitical malaise and experimental exhilaration that was similar in many ways to the better-known cases of France and Austria
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Nowadays

A Contemporaneous Comedy

Author: George Middleton

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American drama

Page: 218

View: 6053

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The Five

A Novel of Jewish Life in Turn-of-the-Century Odessa

Author: Vladimir Jabotinsky

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801471621

Category: Fiction

Page: 224

View: 7664

"The beginning of this tale of bygone days in Odessa dates to the dawn of the twentieth century. At that time we used to refer to the first years of this period as the 'springtime,' meaning a social and political awakening. For my generation, these years also coincided with our own personal springtime, in the sense that we were all in our youthful twenties. And both of these springtimes, as well as the image of our carefree Black Sea capital with acacias growing along its steep banks, are interwoven in my memory with the story of one family in which there were five children: Marusya, Marko, Lika, Serezha, and Torik."—from The Five The Five is an captivating novel of the decadent fin-de-siècle written by Vladimir Jabotinsky (1880–1940), a controversial leader in the Zionist movement whose literary talents, until now, have largely gone unrecognized by Western readers. The author deftly paints a picture of Russia's decay and decline—a world permeated with sexuality, mystery, and intrigue. Michael R. Katz has crafted the first English-language translation of this important novel, which was written in Russian in 1935 and published a year later in Paris under the title Pyatero. The book is Jabotinsky's elegaic paean to the Odessa of his youth, a place that no longer exists. It tells the story of an upper-middle-class Jewish family, the Milgroms, at the turn of the century. It follows five siblings as they change, mature, and come to accept their places in a rapidly evolving world. With flashes of humor, Jabotinsky captures the ferment of the time as reflected in political, social, artistic, and spiritual developments. He depicts with nostalgia the excitement of life in old Odessa and comments poignantly on the failure of the dream of Jewish assimilation within the Russian empire.
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57 Classic Period Songs

For Medium Low Voice

Author: Van A. Christy,Carl Zytowski

Publisher: Alfred Music

ISBN: 9781457471209

Category: Music

Page: 244

View: 3115

Expertly arranged classical pieces for medium low voice.
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The Oxford Illustrated History of Opera

Author: Roger Parker

Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks

ISBN: 9780192854452

Category: Music

Page: 541

View: 9806

'lavishly illustrated volume' -Sunday Telegraph 30/12/01
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The Frightful Stage

Political Censorship of the Theater in Nineteenth-Century Europe

Author: Robert Justin Goldstein

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9780857454195

Category: History

Page: 322

View: 4634

In nineteenth-century Europe the ruling elites viewed the theater as a form of communication which had enormous importance. The theater provided the most significant form of mass entertainment and was the only arena aside from the church in which regular mass gatherings were possible. Therefore, drama censorship occupied a great deal of the ruling class’s time and energy, with a particularly focus on proposed scripts that potentially threatened the existing political, legal, and social order. This volume provides the first comprehensive examination of nineteenth-century political theater censorship at a time, in the aftermath of the French Revolution, when the European population was becoming increasingly politically active.
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The Origins of Modern Critical Thought: German Aesthetic and Literary Criticism from Lessing to Hegel

Author: David Simpson

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521359023

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 449

View: 7491

An exceptional resource, this 1988 book provides a comprehensive anthology in English of the major texts of German literary and aesthetic theory between Lessing and Hegel. The texts are crucial to an understanding not only of the Romantic period itself, but also of the foundational arguments of literary theory.
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The New Century Book of Facts

A Handbook of Ready Reference ...

Author: Carroll Davidson Wright

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page: 1117

View: 2756

Includes music.
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Performing Shakespeare in the Age of Empire

Author: Richard Foulkes

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521034425

Category: Drama

Page: 248

View: 3864

During the nineteenth century the performance of Shakespeare's plays contributed significantly to the creation of a sense of British nationhood at home and overseas. This was achieved through the enterprise of the commercial theatre rather that state subsidy and institutions. Britain had no National Theatre, but Shakespeare's plays were performed up and down the land from the fashionable West End to the suburbs of the capital and the expanding industrial conurbations to the north. British actors travelled the world to perform Shakespeare's plays, while foreign actors regarded success in London as the ultimate seal of approval. In this book, Richard Foulkes explores the political and social uses of Shakespeare through the nineteenth and into the twentieth century and the movement from the business of Shakespeare as an enterprise to that of enshrinement as a cultural icon. An examination of leading Shakespearean actors, managers and directors, from Britain and abroad, is also included in the study.
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The Johns Hopkins University Circular

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9450

Includes University catalogues, President's report, Financial report, registers, announcement material, etc.
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