The Art and Archaeology of the Moche

An Ancient Andean Society of the Peruvian North Coast

Author: Steve Bourget,Kimberly L. Jones

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292783191

Category: Social Science

Page: 315

View: 9836

Renowned for their monumental architecture and rich visual culture, the Moche inhabited the north coast of Peru during the Early Intermediate Period (AD 100-800). Archaeological discoveries over the past century and the dissemination of Moche artifacts to museums around the world have given rise to a widespread and continually increasing fascination with this complex culture, which expressed its beliefs about the human and supernatural worlds through finely crafted ceramic and metal objects of striking realism and visual sophistication. In this standard-setting work, an international, multidisciplinary team of scholars who are at the forefront of Moche research present a state-of-the-art overview of Moche culture. The contributors address various issues of Moche society, religion, and material culture based on multiple lines of evidence and methodologies, including iconographic studies, archaeological investigations, and forensic analyses. Some of the articles present the results of long-term studies of major issues in Moche iconography, while others focus on more specifically defined topics such as site studies, the influence of El Niño/Southern Oscillation on Moche society, the nature of Moche warfare and sacrifice, and the role of Moche visual culture in decoding social and political frameworks.
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The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191650390

Category: Social Science

Page: 872

View: 6604

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.
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Sacrifice, Violence, and Ideology Among the Moche

The Rise of Social Complexity in Ancient Peru

Author: Steve Bourget

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 1477310495

Category: Social Science

Page: 463

View: 8343

In a special precinct dedicated to ritual sacrifice at Huaca de la Luna on the north coast of Peru, about seventy-five men were killed and dismembered, their remains and body parts then carefully rearranged and left on the ground with numerous offerings. The discovery of this large sacrificial site—one of the most important sites of this type in the Americas—raises fundamental questions. Why was human sacrifice so central to Moche ideology and religion? And why is sacrifice so intimately related to the notions of warfare and capture? In this pioneering book, Steve Bourget marshals all the currently available information from the archaeology and visual culture of Huaca de la Luna as he seeks to understand the centrality of human sacrifice in Moche ideology and, more broadly, the role(s) of violence in the development of social complexity. He begins by providing a fully documented account of the archaeological contexts, demonstrating how closely interrelated these contexts are to the rest of Moche material culture, including its iconography, the regalia of its elite, and its monumental architecture. Bourget then probes the possible meanings of ritual violence and human sacrifice and their intimate connections with concepts of divinity, ancestry, and foreignness. He builds a convincing case that the iconography of ritual violence and the practice of human sacrifice at all the principal Moche ceremonial centers were the main devices used in the establishment and development of the Moche state.
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Mirrors of Clay

Reflections of Ancient Andean Life in Ceramics from the Sam Olden Collection

Author: Yumi Park

Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi

ISBN: 1617038199

Category: Art

Page: 96

View: 414

Mirrors of Clay: Reflections of Ancient Andean Life in Ceramics from the Sam Olden Collection features photographs and descriptions of sixty ceramic vessels from ancient Andean American cultures, including the Cupisnique, Chavín, Vicús, Nazca, Moche, Tiwanaku, Lambayeque, and Chimú, which flourished between 1200 BCE and 1550 CE. These distinctive ceramic vessels, selected from the collection of Sam Olden, were given to the Mississippi Museum of Art and are included in a special exhibition presented by the museum and Jackson State University. The pieces reveal each culture's stylistic aesthetics, religious ideologies, and political roles. The Pre-Columbian ceramic vessels presented in this catalogue are mainly from the Andean region of South America, which includes the modern countries of Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. By analyzing technologies, forms, and decorative designs, author Yumi Park reveals the unique aesthetics, social stratifications, religious ideologies, and political roles within each culture. Ancient Andean potters expressed their native individualities by depicting the forms of warriors, deities, architecture, flora, fauna, and daily life on their ceramic vessels. Collector Sam Olden lived in Peru during the 1960s. After visiting various archaeological sites and museums, including the Rafael Larco Herrera Museum in Peru, he became enamored with the ceramic vessels of the ancient Andes. Olden later settled in Yazoo City, Mississippi, and began to build an extensive collection of ancient Andean ceramics, eventually making a large donation to the Mississippi Museum of Art. Because of his passion for these artifacts, the people of Mississippi are now afforded a window on the ancient Andean world. The Sam Olden Collection gives us tangible and visible evidence of the social activities, political events, and ideological beliefs of ancient Andean cultures.
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Design for Eternity

Architectural Models from the Ancient Americas

Author: Joanne Pillsbury,Patricia Joan Sarro,James Doyle,Juliet Wiersema

Publisher: Metropolitan Museum of Art

ISBN: 1588395766

Category: History

Page: 100

View: 9226

From the first millennium B.C. until the arrival of Europeans in the sixteenth century, artists from across the ancient Americas created small-scale architectural effigies to be placed in the tombs of important individuals. These works range from highly abstracted, minimalist representations of temples and houses to elaborate complexes populated with figures, conveying a rich sense of ancient ritual and daily life. Although often called models, these effigies were not created as prototypes for structures, but rather to serve as components of funerary practices that conveyed beliefs about an afterlife. Design for Eternity is the first publication in English to explore the full variety of these exquisite architectural works. The vivid illustrations and insightful essays focus on the concepts embodied in architectural representations and the role these intriguing sculptures played in mediating relationships among the living, the dead, and the divine.
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The Moche of Ancient Peru

Media and Messages

Author: Jeffrey Quilter

Publisher: Peabody Museum Press

ISBN: 0873654064

Category: History

Page: 154

View: 8362

Quilter utilizes the Peabody's collection as a means to investigate how the Moche used various media, particularly ceramics, to convey messages about their lives and beliefs. His presentation provides a critical examination and rethinking of many of the commonly held interpretations of Moche artifacts and their imagery. It also raises important questions about art production and its role in this and other ancient and modern cultures. --
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Gardner's Art through the Ages: A Global History

Author: Fred S. Kleiner

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133711162

Category: Education

Page: 1216

View: 9400

The 14TH EDITION of GARDNER'S ART THROUGH THE AGES: The most widely-read history of art and architecture in the English language for over 85 years, this beautifully-illustrated book includes new features that make it easier than ever for your students to master the material. Author and award-winning scholar-teacher Fred Kleiner has set a new standard for art history textbooks, continuing GARDNER'S tradition of impeccable reliability and scholarship. The 14th Edition includes a new chapter dedicated to contemporary art worldwide, coverage of over 300 new images, new pedagogical features, images that have been upgraded for clarity and color-fidelity, and more. A comprehensive, integrated set of digital resources brings course content to life, providing students with the tools they need to excel in your class, regardless of their individual learning styles. GARDNER's has built its stellar reputation on the inclusion of the most significant images and monuments, discussions of these images in their full historical and cultural contexts, reproductions of unsurpassed quality, scholarship that is up-to-date and deep, the consistent voice of a single storyteller, and more online help for students and instructors than any other art survey text. Over 100 reviewers -- generalists and specialists -- contributed to the accuracy and readability of this edition. CourseMate, the online learning environment that can be used on its own or as an LMS-specific course cartridge, provides an interactive experience for exploration, study, and development of critical thinking skills. It includes an interactive eBook, all images included within the text, nearly 300 videos, audio resources, image flashcards, a printable Slide Guide suitable for note-taking, and much more. Dynamic lecture tools will save instructors time in preparing for class -- a Digital Image Library with full zoom capabilities, side-by-side comparison tools, and Google Earth integration. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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World Art

An Introduction to the Art in Artefacts

Author: Ben Burt

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1847889433

Category: Art

Page: 272

View: 490

Essential reading for anthropology of art students, World Art analyses our understanding of the word 'art', questioning conventional Western assumptions from an anthropological perspective, drawing comparisons with other cultures.
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The Cambridge World Prehistory

Author: Colin Renfrew,Paul Bahn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107647754

Category: Social Science

Page: 1892

View: 5872

The Cambridge World Prehistory provides a systematic and authoritative examination of the prehistory of every region around the world from the early days of human origins in Africa two million years ago to the beginnings of written history, which in some areas started only two centuries ago. Written by a team of leading international scholars, the volumes include both traditional topics and cutting-edge approaches, such as archaeolinguistics and molecular genetics, and examine the essential questions of human development around the world. The volumes are organised geographically, exploring the evolution of hominins and their expansion from Africa, as well as the formation of states and development in each region of different technologies such as seafaring, metallurgy and food production. The Cambridge World Prehistory reveals a rich and complex history of the world. It will be an invaluable resource for any student or scholar of archaeology and related disciplines looking to research a particular topic, tradition, region or period within prehistory.
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Ancient American art in detail

Author: Colin McEwan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Art

Page: 144

View: 842

This beautifully illustrated book offers a unique view of Ancient American art, featuring a rich array of stunning objects ranging from North America through Mexico to Central and South America. The most striking aspects of craftsmanship, materials and design are highlighted here in exquisite works of jade, turquoise, textiles, feather work, gold, wood, stone, ceramics and painted books, all drawn from the British Museum's outstanding collections. The book opens with an introduction asking 'What is Ancient American art?', in which the author explores fundamental relationships among the diverse artistic traditions of the Americas. He then examines each work in close-up detail, leading to intriguing comparisons between objects across a range of cultures and media. At every turn these masterpieces evoke the skilled hands and practised eye of the most accomplished Ancient American craftsmen over thousands of years. This book makes an ideal introduction or companion to a museum or gallery visit and provides endless creative inspiration for all the visual arts.
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Moche tombs at Dos Cabezas

Author: Christopher B. Donnan,Cotsen Institute of Archaeology at UCLA.

Publisher: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 241

View: 4821

This study focuses on five Moche tombs that were excavated at the site of Dos Cabezas, on the north coast of Peru, between 1997 and 2000. The goal of the volume is to provide full documentation of the tombs and their contents in full color, describe the chronology of construction phases for the pyramid in which they were found, and explain how these tombs expand our understanding of Moche civilization.
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Chotuna and Chornancap

Excavating an Ancient Peruvian Legend

Author: Christopher B. Donnan

Publisher: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 5552

Christopher Donnan's Chotuna and Chornancap: Excavating an Ancient Peruvian Legend, explores one of the most intriguing oral histories passed down among ancient Peruvians: the legend of Naymlap, the founder of a dynasty that ruled the Lambayeque Valley of northern Peru centuries before European contact. Naymlap is said to have built his palace at a place that many now consider to be the archaeological sites of Chotuna and Chornancap. In an effort to test the validity of the Naymlap legend, Donnan directed extensive archaeological excavations at Chotuna and Chornancap--completing plans of the monumental architecture, mapping and excavating most of the major structures, and developing a chronology for the sites. This book presents the results of these excavations and demonstrates the extent to which the archaeological evidence correlates with the sequence of events described in the Naymlap legend.
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Ritual Sacrifice in Ancient Peru

Author: Elizabeth P. Benson,Anita G. Cook

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292757956

Category: Social Science

Page: 227

View: 9201

Propitiating the supernatural forces that could grant bountiful crops or wipe out whole villages through natural disasters was a sacred duty in ancient Peruvian societies, as in many premodern cultures. Ritual sacrifices were considered necessary for this propitiation and for maintaining a proper reciprocal relationship between humans and the supernatural world. The essays in this book examine the archaeological evidence for ancient Peruvian sacrificial offerings of human beings, animals, and objects, as well as the cultural contexts in which the offerings occurred, from around 2500 B.C. until Inca times just before the Spanish Conquest. Major contributions come from the recent archaeological fieldwork of Steve Bourget, Anita Cook, and Alana Cordy-Collins, as well as from John Verano's laboratory work on skeletal material from recent excavations. Mary Frame, who is a weaver as well as a scholar, offers rich new interpretations of Paracas burial garments, and Donald Proulx presents a fresh view of the nature of Nasca warfare. Elizabeth Benson's essay provides a summary of sacrificial practices.
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Sex, Death, and Sacrifice in Moche Religion and Visual Culture

Author: Steve Bourget

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9780292712799

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 2133

Raises the analysis of Moche iconography to a new level through an in-depth study of visual representations of rituals involving sex, death, and sacrifice.
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Andean Past

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Indians of South America

Page: N.A

View: 3359

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Latin American Antiquity

A Journal of the Society for American Archaeology

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Indians of Central America

Page: N.A

View: 1404

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The Worlds of the Moche on the North Coast of Peru

Author: Elizabeth P. Benson

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292742630

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 9236

The Moche, or Mochica, created an extraordinary civilization on the north coast of Peru for most of the first millennium AD. Although they had no written language with which to record their history and beliefs, the Moche built enormous ceremonial edifices and embellished them with mural paintings depicting supernatural figures and rituals. Highly skilled Moche artisans crafted remarkable ceramic vessels, which they painted with figures and scenes or modeled like sculpture, and mastered metallurgy in gold, silver, and copper to make impressive symbolic ornaments. They also wove textiles that were complex in execution and design. A senior scholar renowned for her discoveries about the Moche, Elizabeth P. Benson published the first English-language monograph on the subject in 1972. Now in this volume, she draws on decades of knowledge, as well as the findings of other researchers, to offer a grand overview of all that is currently known about the Moche. Touching on all significant aspects of Moche culture, she covers such topics as their worldview and ritual life, ceremonial architecture and murals, art and craft, supernatural beings, government and warfare, and burial and the afterlife. She demonstrates that the Moche expressed, with symbolic language in metal and clay, what cultures in other parts of the world presented in writing. Indeed, Benson asserts that the accomplishments of the Moche are comparable to those of their Mesoamerica contemporaries, the Maya, which makes them one of the most advanced civilizations of pre-Columbian America.
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Ritual Violence in the Ancient Andes

Reconstructing Sacrifice on the North Coast of Peru

Author: Haagen D. Klaus,J. Marla Toyne

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 1477310584

Category: Social Science

Page: 486

View: 9845

Traditions of sacrifice exist in almost every human culture and often embody a society's most meaningful religious and symbolic acts. Ritual violence was particularly varied and enduring in the prehistoric South American Andes, where human lives, animals, and material objects were sacrificed in secular rites or as offerings to the divine. Spectacular discoveries of sacrificial sites containing the victims of violent rituals have drawn ever-increasing attention to ritual sacrifice within Andean archaeology. Responding to this interest, this volume provides the first regional overview of ritual killing on the pre-Hispanic north coast of Peru, where distinct forms and diverse trajectories of ritual violence developed during the final 1,800 years of prehistory. Presenting original research that blends empirical approaches, iconographic interpretations, and contextual analyses, the contributors address four linked themes—the historical development and regional variation of north coast sacrifice from the early first millennium AD to the European conquest; a continuum of ritual violence that spans people, animals, and objects; the broader ritual world of sacrifice, including rites both before and after violent offering; and the use of diverse scientific tools, archaeological information, and theoretical interpretations to study sacrifice. This research proposes a wide range of new questions that will shape the research agenda in the coming decades, while fostering a nuanced, scientific, and humanized approach to the archaeology of ritual violence that is applicable to archaeological contexts around the world.
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Moche Art and Archaeology in Ancient Peru

Author: Joanne Pillsbury

Publisher: NGW-Stud Hist Art

ISBN: 9780300114423

Category: Mochica art

Page: 344

View: 1167

“This volume represents a landmark in Moche studies.”—George Bankes, The Journal of The Royal Anthropological Institute Centuries before the rise of the Inca, the Moche created impressive monumental architecture and precious metal objects (c. A.D. 100–800). New discoveries about this ancient coastal civilization have recently been uncovered at several sites in Peru—including the richest unlooted tomb ever discovered in the New World. This fascinating book examines these records and analyzes connections between the visual arts and political representation in Moche culture.
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