The Art and Archaeology of the Moche

An Ancient Andean Society of the Peruvian North Coast

Author: Steve Bourget,Kimberly L. Jones

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292783191

Category: Social Science

Page: 315

View: 6338

Renowned for their monumental architecture and rich visual culture, the Moche inhabited the north coast of Peru during the Early Intermediate Period (AD 100-800). Archaeological discoveries over the past century and the dissemination of Moche artifacts to museums around the world have given rise to a widespread and continually increasing fascination with this complex culture, which expressed its beliefs about the human and supernatural worlds through finely crafted ceramic and metal objects of striking realism and visual sophistication. In this standard-setting work, an international, multidisciplinary team of scholars who are at the forefront of Moche research present a state-of-the-art overview of Moche culture. The contributors address various issues of Moche society, religion, and material culture based on multiple lines of evidence and methodologies, including iconographic studies, archaeological investigations, and forensic analyses. Some of the articles present the results of long-term studies of major issues in Moche iconography, while others focus on more specifically defined topics such as site studies, the influence of El Niño/Southern Oscillation on Moche society, the nature of Moche warfare and sacrifice, and the role of Moche visual culture in decoding social and political frameworks.
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The Art and Archaeology of the Moche

An Ancient Andean Society of the Peruvian North Coast

Author: Steve Bourget,Kimberly L. Jones

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292718675

Category: Social Science

Page: 291

View: 7693

Renowned for their monumental architecture and rich visual culture, the Moche inhabited the north coast of Peru during the Early Intermediate Period (AD 100-800). Archaeological discoveries over the past century and the dissemination of Moche artifacts to museums around the world have given rise to a widespread and continually increasing fascination with this complex culture, which expressed its beliefs about the human and supernatural worlds through finely crafted ceramic and metal objects of striking realism and visual sophistication. In this standard-setting work, an international, multidisciplinary team of scholars who are at the forefront of Moche research present a state-of-the-art overview of Moche culture. The contributors address various issues of Moche society, religion, and material culture based on multiple lines of evidence and methodologies, including iconographic studies, archaeological investigations, and forensic analyses. Some of the articles present the results of long-term studies of major issues in Moche iconography, while others focus on more specifically defined topics such as site studies, the influence of El Niño/Southern Oscillation on Moche society, the nature of Moche warfare and sacrifice, and the role of Moche visual culture in decoding social and political frameworks.
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The Moche of Ancient Peru

Media and Messages

Author: Jeffrey Quilter

Publisher: Peabody Museum Press

ISBN: 0873654064

Category: History

Page: 154

View: 9084

Quilter utilizes the Peabody's collection as a means to investigate how the Moche used various media, particularly ceramics, to convey messages about their lives and beliefs. His presentation provides a critical examination and rethinking of many of the commonly held interpretations of Moche artifacts and their imagery. It also raises important questions about art production and its role in this and other ancient and modern cultures. --
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Moche Art and Visual Culture in Ancient Peru

Author: Margaret Ann Jackson

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 0826343651

Category: Art

Page: 232

View: 8469

This multidisciplinary study analyzes the visual, linguistic, and cultural significance of the imagery used by the Moche in their ceramics and murals.
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Ritual Violence in the Ancient Andes

Reconstructing Sacrifice on the North Coast of Peru

Author: Haagen D. Klaus,J. Marla Toyne

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 1477310584

Category: Social Science

Page: 486

View: 1997

Traditions of sacrifice exist in almost every human culture and often embody a society's most meaningful religious and symbolic acts. Ritual violence was particularly varied and enduring in the prehistoric South American Andes, where human lives, animals, and material objects were sacrificed in secular rites or as offerings to the divine. Spectacular discoveries of sacrificial sites containing the victims of violent rituals have drawn ever-increasing attention to ritual sacrifice within Andean archaeology. Responding to this interest, this volume provides the first regional overview of ritual killing on the pre-Hispanic north coast of Peru, where distinct forms and diverse trajectories of ritual violence developed during the final 1,800 years of prehistory. Presenting original research that blends empirical approaches, iconographic interpretations, and contextual analyses, the contributors address four linked themes—the historical development and regional variation of north coast sacrifice from the early first millennium AD to the European conquest; a continuum of ritual violence that spans people, animals, and objects; the broader ritual world of sacrifice, including rites both before and after violent offering; and the use of diverse scientific tools, archaeological information, and theoretical interpretations to study sacrifice. This research proposes a wide range of new questions that will shape the research agenda in the coming decades, while fostering a nuanced, scientific, and humanized approach to the archaeology of ritual violence that is applicable to archaeological contexts around the world.
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The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191650390

Category: Social Science

Page: 872

View: 1003

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.
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Sacrifice, Violence, and Ideology Among the Moche

The Rise of Social Complexity in Ancient Peru

Author: Steve Bourget

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 1477310495

Category: Social Science

Page: 463

View: 5434

In a special precinct dedicated to ritual sacrifice at Huaca de la Luna on the north coast of Peru, about seventy-five men were killed and dismembered, their remains and body parts then carefully rearranged and left on the ground with numerous offerings. The discovery of this large sacrificial site—one of the most important sites of this type in the Americas—raises fundamental questions. Why was human sacrifice so central to Moche ideology and religion? And why is sacrifice so intimately related to the notions of warfare and capture? In this pioneering book, Steve Bourget marshals all the currently available information from the archaeology and visual culture of Huaca de la Luna as he seeks to understand the centrality of human sacrifice in Moche ideology and, more broadly, the role(s) of violence in the development of social complexity. He begins by providing a fully documented account of the archaeological contexts, demonstrating how closely interrelated these contexts are to the rest of Moche material culture, including its iconography, the regalia of its elite, and its monumental architecture. Bourget then probes the possible meanings of ritual violence and human sacrifice and their intimate connections with concepts of divinity, ancestry, and foreignness. He builds a convincing case that the iconography of ritual violence and the practice of human sacrifice at all the principal Moche ceremonial centers were the main devices used in the establishment and development of the Moche state.
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The Worlds of the Moche on the North Coast of Peru

Author: Elizabeth P. Benson

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292737599

Category: Social Science

Page: 171

View: 9122

The Moche, or Mochica, created an extraordinary civilization on the north coast of Peru for most of the first millennium AD. Although they had no written language with which to record their history and beliefs, the Moche built enormous ceremonial edifices and embellished them with mural paintings depicting supernatural figures and rituals. Highly skilled Moche artisans crafted remarkable ceramic vessels, which they painted with figures and scenes or modeled like sculpture, and mastered metallurgy in gold, silver, and copper to make impressive symbolic ornaments. They also wove textiles that were complex in execution and design. A senior scholar renowned for her discoveries about the Moche, Elizabeth P. Benson published the first English-language monograph on the subject in 1972. Now in this volume, she draws on decades of knowledge, as well as the findings of other researchers, to offer a grand overview of all that is currently known about the Moche. Touching on all significant aspects of Moche culture, she covers such topics as their worldview and ritual life, ceremonial architecture and murals, art and craft, supernatural beings, government and warfare, and burial and the afterlife. She demonstrates that the Moche expressed, with symbolic language in metal and clay, what cultures in other parts of the world presented in writing. Indeed, Benson asserts that the accomplishments of the Moche are comparable to those of their Mesoamerica contemporaries, the Maya, which makes them one of the most advanced civilizations of pre-Columbian America.
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Sex, Death, and Sacrifice in Moche Religion and Visual Culture

Author: Steve Bourget

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9780292712799

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 9094

Raises the analysis of Moche iconography to a new level through an in-depth study of visual representations of rituals involving sex, death, and sacrifice.
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Ancient People of the Andes

Author: Michael A. Malpass

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501703935

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 960

In Ancient People of the Andes, Michael A. Malpass describes the prehistory of western South America from initial colonization to the Spanish Conquest. All the major cultures of this region, from the Moche to the Inkas, receive thoughtful treatment, from their emergence to their demise or evolution. No South American culture that lived prior to the arrival of Europeans developed a writing system, making archaeology the only way we know about most of the prehispanic societies of the Andes. The earliest Spaniards on the continent provided first-person accounts of the latest of those societies, and, as descendants of the Inkas became literate, they too became a source of information. Both ethnohistory and archaeology have limitations in what they can tell us, but when we are able to use them together they are complementary ways to access knowledge of these fascinating cultures. Malpass focuses on large anthropological themes: why people settled down into agricultural communities, the origins of social inequalities, and the evolution of sociopolitical complexity. Ample illustrations, including eight color plates, visually document sites, societies, and cultural features. Introductory chapters cover archaeological concepts, dating issues, and the region's climate. The subsequent chapters, divided by time period, allow the reader to track changes in specific cultures over time.
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Mirrors of Clay

Reflections of Ancient Andean Life in Ceramics from the Sam Olden Collection

Author: Yumi Park

Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi

ISBN: 1617038199

Category: Art

Page: 96

View: 3965

Mirrors of Clay: Reflections of Ancient Andean Life in Ceramics from the Sam Olden Collection features photographs and descriptions of sixty ceramic vessels from ancient Andean American cultures, including the Cupisnique, Chavín, Vicús, Nazca, Moche, Tiwanaku, Lambayeque, and Chimú, which flourished between 1200 BCE and 1550 CE. These distinctive ceramic vessels, selected from the collection of Sam Olden, were given to the Mississippi Museum of Art and are included in a special exhibition presented by the museum and Jackson State University. The pieces reveal each culture's stylistic aesthetics, religious ideologies, and political roles. The Pre-Columbian ceramic vessels presented in this catalogue are mainly from the Andean region of South America, which includes the modern countries of Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. By analyzing technologies, forms, and decorative designs, author Yumi Park reveals the unique aesthetics, social stratifications, religious ideologies, and political roles within each culture. Ancient Andean potters expressed their native individualities by depicting the forms of warriors, deities, architecture, flora, fauna, and daily life on their ceramic vessels. Collector Sam Olden lived in Peru during the 1960s. After visiting various archaeological sites and museums, including the Rafael Larco Herrera Museum in Peru, he became enamored with the ceramic vessels of the ancient Andes. Olden later settled in Yazoo City, Mississippi, and began to build an extensive collection of ancient Andean ceramics, eventually making a large donation to the Mississippi Museum of Art. Because of his passion for these artifacts, the people of Mississippi are now afforded a window on the ancient Andean world. The Sam Olden Collection gives us tangible and visible evidence of the social activities, political events, and ideological beliefs of ancient Andean cultures.
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Moche Portraits from Ancient Peru

Author: Christopher B. Donnan

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9780292716223

Category: Art

Page: 188

View: 904

"This is the largest collection of Moche portraits that has ever been published. As one of the most remarkable groups of portraits produced by any ancient people, it will be of interest to all connoisseurs and scholars of the world's great art traditions, as well as to students of the Moche and prehistoric Andean peoples."--BOOK JACKET.
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Moche Art and Archaeology in Ancient Peru

Author: Joanne Pillsbury

Publisher: NGW-Stud Hist Art

ISBN: 9780300114423

Category: Art

Page: 344

View: 5744

“This volume represents a landmark in Moche studies.”—George Bankes, The Journal of The Royal Anthropological Institute Centuries before the rise of the Inca, the Moche created impressive monumental architecture and precious metal objects (c. A.D. 100–800). New discoveries about this ancient coastal civilization have recently been uncovered at several sites in Peru—including the richest unlooted tomb ever discovered in the New World. This fascinating book examines these records and analyzes connections between the visual arts and political representation in Moche culture.
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Gardner's Art through the Ages: A Global History

Author: Fred S. Kleiner

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133711162

Category: Art

Page: 1216

View: 9492

The 14TH EDITION of GARDNER'S ART THROUGH THE AGES: The most widely-read history of art and architecture in the English language for over 85 years, this beautifully-illustrated book includes new features that make it easier than ever for your students to master the material. Author and award-winning scholar-teacher Fred Kleiner has set a new standard for art history textbooks, continuing GARDNER'S tradition of impeccable reliability and scholarship. The 14th Edition includes a new chapter dedicated to contemporary art worldwide, coverage of over 300 new images, new pedagogical features, images that have been upgraded for clarity and color-fidelity, and more. A comprehensive, integrated set of digital resources brings course content to life, providing students with the tools they need to excel in your class, regardless of their individual learning styles. GARDNER's has built its stellar reputation on the inclusion of the most significant images and monuments, discussions of these images in their full historical and cultural contexts, reproductions of unsurpassed quality, scholarship that is up-to-date and deep, the consistent voice of a single storyteller, and more online help for students and instructors than any other art survey text. Over 100 reviewers -- generalists and specialists -- contributed to the accuracy and readability of this edition. CourseMate, the online learning environment that can be used on its own or as an LMS-specific course cartridge, provides an interactive experience for exploration, study, and development of critical thinking skills. It includes an interactive eBook, all images included within the text, nearly 300 videos, audio resources, image flashcards, a printable Slide Guide suitable for note-taking, and much more. Dynamic lecture tools will save instructors time in preparing for class -- a Digital Image Library with full zoom capabilities, side-by-side comparison tools, and Google Earth integration. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Design for Eternity

Architectural Models from the Ancient Americas

Author: Joanne Pillsbury,Patricia Joan Sarro,James Doyle,Juliet Wiersema

Publisher: Metropolitan Museum of Art

ISBN: 1588395766

Category: History

Page: 100

View: 2957

From the first millennium B.C. until the arrival of Europeans in the sixteenth century, artists from across the ancient Americas created small-scale architectural effigies to be placed in the tombs of important individuals. These works range from highly abstracted, minimalist representations of temples and houses to elaborate complexes populated with figures, conveying a rich sense of ancient ritual and daily life. Although often called models, these effigies were not created as prototypes for structures, but rather to serve as components of funerary practices that conveyed beliefs about an afterlife. Design for Eternity is the first publication in English to explore the full variety of these exquisite architectural works. The vivid illustrations and insightful essays focus on the concepts embodied in architectural representations and the role these intriguing sculptures played in mediating relationships among the living, the dead, and the divine.
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World Art

An Introduction to the Art in Artefacts

Author: Ben Burt

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1847889433

Category: Art

Page: 272

View: 8084

Essential reading for anthropology of art students, World Art analyses our understanding of the word 'art', questioning conventional Western assumptions from an anthropological perspective, drawing comparisons with other cultures.
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Architectural Vessels of the Moche

Ceramic Diagrams of Sacred Space in Ancient Peru

Author: Juliet B. Wiersema

Publisher: Latin American and Caribbean A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 189

View: 2382

"This book is a part of the Latin American and Caribbean Arts and Culture publication initiative, funded by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation."
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Living with the Dead in the Andes

Author: Izumi Shimada,James L. Fitzsimmons

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816531749

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 9058

The Andean idea of death differs markedly from the Western view. In the Central Andes, particularly the highlands, death is not conceptually separated from life, nor is it viewed as a permanent state. People, animals, and plants simply transition from a soft, juicy, dynamic life to drier, more lasting states, like dry corn husks or mummified ancestors. Death is seen as an extension of vitality. Living with the Dead in the Andes considers recent research by archaeologists, bioarchaeologists, ethnographers, and ethnohistorians whose work reveals the diversity and complexity of the dead-living interaction. The book’s contributors reap the salient results of this new research to illuminate various conceptions and treatments of the dead: “bad” and “good” dead, mummified and preserved, the body represented by art or effigies, and personhood in material and symbolic terms. Death does not end or erase the emotional bonds established in life, and a comprehensive understanding of death requires consideration of the corpse, the soul, and the mourners. Lingering sentiment and memory of the departed seems as universal as death itself, yet often it is economic, social, and political agendas that influence the interactions between the dead and the living. Nine chapters written by scholars from diverse countries and fields offer data-rich case studies and innovative methodologies and approaches. Chapters include discussions on the archaeology of memory, archaeothanatology (analysis of the transformation of the entire corpse and associated remains), a historical analysis of postmortem ritual activities, and ethnosemantic-iconographic analysis of the living-dead relationship. This insightful book focuses on the broader concerns of life and death.
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Gallinazo

An Early Cultural Tradition on the Peruvian North Coast

Author: Jean-François Millaire,Magali Morlion

Publisher: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology

ISBN: 9781931745758

Category: Social Science

Page: 253

View: 5492

Over the last decades, considerable effort has been directed towards the study of early complex societies of northern Peru, and in recent years archaeologists have expressed a strong interest in the art and archaeology of the Moche, Lambayeque and Chimú societies. Yet, comparatively little attention has been paid to the earlier cultural foundations of north coast civilization: the Gallinazo. In the recent years, however, the work of a number of north coast specialists brought about a large quantity of data on the Gallinazo occupation of the coast, but a coherent framework for studying this culture had yet to be defined. The present volume is the result of a round table, which gathered some thirty scholars from Europe and North and South America to discuss the Gallinazo phenomenon. In fourteen chapters, authors with different perspectives and backgrounds reconsider the nature of the Gallinazo culture and its position within north coast cultural history, while addressing wider issues about the development of complex societies in this area and within the Andean region in general. The contributions reveal a diversity of perspectives on north coast archaeology, something that is likely to stimulate methodological and theoretical debates among Andeanists, pre-Columbian specialists and New World archaeologists in general.
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Tiwanaku

Ancestors of the Inca

Author: Margaret Young-S¾nchez

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803249217

Category: Art

Page: 215

View: 4598

Introduces the striking artwork and fascinating rituals of this highland culture through approximately one hundred works of art and cultural treasures.
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