The Archaeology of Human Origins

Papers by Glynn Isaac

Author: Glynn Isaac

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521365734

Category: Social Science

Page: 447

View: 1315

A collection of the most influential papers of the late Glynn Isaac.

Stone Tools and Fossil Bones

Debates in the Archaeology of Human Origins

Author: Manuel Domínguez-Rodrigo

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107022924

Category: History

Page: 362

View: 5493

International archaeologists examine early Stone Age tools and bones to present the most holistic view to date of the archaeology of human origins.

The Archaeology of Human Ancestry

Power, Sex and Tradition

Author: Stephen Shennan,James Steele

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134814496

Category: Social Science

Page: 472

View: 4235

Human social life is constrained and defined by our cognitive and emotional dispositions, which are the legacy of our foraging ancestors. But how difficult is it to reconstruct the social systems and cultural traditions of those ancestors? The Archaeology of Human Ancestry provides a stimulating and provocative answer, in which archaeologists and biological anthropologists set out and demonstrate their reconstructive methods. Contributors use observations of primates and modern hunter-gatherers to illuminate the fossil and artefactual records. Thematic treatment covers the evolution of group size; group composition and the emotional structure of social bonds; sexual dimorphism and the sexual division of labour; and the origins of human cultural traditions. The Archaeology of Human Ancestry is an essential introduction to the subject for advanced undergraduates and researchers in archaeology and biological anthropology. It will also be used by workers in psychology, sociology and feminist studies as a resource for understanding human social origins.

The Cutting Edge

New Approaches to the Archaeology of Human Origins

Author: Kathy Diane Schick,Nicholas Patrick Toth

Publisher: N.A


Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 3190

"The Cutting Edge: New Approaches to the Archaeology of Human Origins presents new studies focusing on the prehistoric evidence for proto-human behavior and adaptation. Based upon a Stone Age Institute conference, this book features many of the principal investigators in Early Stone Age research. This collection of papers expands our knowledge of human evolutionary studies and considers new avenues of inquiry for the future. These studies include the results of fieldwork at major archaeological sites between 2.6 and 1.4 million years ago, analytical approaches to Early Stone Age evidence, and experimental archaeological research probing the evolutionary significance of these early sites." --Book Jacket.

The Archaeology of Mind: Neuroevolutionary Origins of Human Emotions

Author: Jaak Panksepp,Lucy Biven

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393707318

Category: Psychology

Page: 592

View: 1057

A look at the seven emotional systems of the brain by the researcher who discovered them. What makes us happy? What makes us sad? How do we come to feel a sense of enthusiasm? What fills us with lust, anger, fear, or tenderness? Traditional behavioral and cognitive neuroscience have yet to provide satisfactory answers. The Archaeology of Mind presents an affective neuroscience approach—which takes into consideration basic mental processes, brain functions, and emotional behaviors that all mammals share—to locate the neural mechanisms of emotional expression. It reveals—for the first time—the deep neural sources of our values and basic emotional feelings. This book elaborates on the seven emotional systems that explain how we live and behave. These systems originate in deep areas of the brain that are remarkably similar across all mammalian species. When they are disrupted, we find the origins of emotional disorders: - SEEKING: how the brain generates a euphoric and expectant response - FEAR: how the brain responds to the threat of physical danger and death - RAGE: sources of irritation and fury in the brain - LUST: how sexual desire and attachments are elaborated in the brain - CARE: sources of maternal nurturance - GRIEF: sources of non-sexual attachments - PLAY: how the brain generates joyous, rough-and-tumble interactions - SELF: a hypothesis explaining how affects might be elaborated in the brain The book offers an evidence-based evolutionary taxonomy of emotions and affects and, as such, a brand-new clinical paradigm for treating psychiatric disorders in clinical practice.

Settling the Earth

The Archaeology of Deep Human History

Author: Clive Gamble

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107013267

Category: History

Page: 377

View: 1498

How and when did we become the only human species to settle the whole earth? How did our brains become so large? In this book, Clive Gamble sets out to answer these fundamental questions, digging deep into the archives of archaeology, fossil ancestors and human genetics. The wealth of detail in these sources allows him to write a completely new account of our earliest beginnings: a deep history in which we devised solutions not only to the technical challenges of global settlement but also cracked the problem, long before writing and smartphones, of how to live apart yet stay in touch.

The Archaeology of Ethiopia

Author: Niall Finneran

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136755527

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 8792

Providing a comprehensive multi-period study of the archaeology of Ethiopia, this title surveys the country's history, detailing the discoveries from the late Stone Age, including the infamous 'Lucy', and moving onto the emergence of food production, prehistoric rock art, and more.

The Archaeology of Southern Africa

Author: Peter Mitchell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521633895

Category: Social Science

Page: 515

View: 5522

This book provides an archaeological synthesis of Southern Africa.

A History of African Archaeology

Author: Peter Robertshaw

Publisher: James Currey Publishers

ISBN: 0852550650

Category: Africa

Page: 378

View: 8981

This is the first book to chronicle the development of African archaeology as a subject.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191650390

Category: Social Science

Page: 872

View: 2396

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.

Studying Human Origins

Disciplinary History and Epistemology

Author: Raymond Corbey,Wil Roebroeks

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9789053564646

Category: Social Science

Page: 174

View: 3963

This history of human origin studies covers a wide range of disciplines. This important new study analyses a number of key episodes from palaeolithic archaeology, palaeoanthropology, primatology and evolutionary theory in terms of various ideas on how one should go about such reconstructions and what, if any, the uses of such historiographical exercises can be for current research in these disciplines. Their carefully argued point is that studying the history of palaeoanthropological thinking about the past can enhance the quality of current research on human origins. The main issues in the present volume are the uses of disciplinary history in terms of present-day research concerns, the relative weight of cultural and other 'external' contexts, and continuity and change in theoretical perspectives. The book's overall approach is an epistemological one. It does not, in other words, primarily address anthropological data as such, but our ways of handling such data in terms of our most fundamental, but usually quite implicit theoretical presuppositions.

The Archaeology of Human Bones

Author: Simon Mays

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134687931

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 5047

The aim of this book is to provide an introduction to what can be learnt from the scientific study of human skeletal remains from archaeological sites.

Human origin sites and the World Heritage Convention in Africa – N° 33

Author: N.A

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9789230010812

Category: Art, Modern

Page: 254

View: 6383

Uses examples of artistic work in all media in order to show how contemporary artists have adapted their vision in a manipulation of modern materials to satisfy mankind's needs for spiritual satisfaction through art.

Culture Evolves

Author: Andrew Whiten

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199608962

Category: Medical

Page: 454

View: 5175

Culture and cultural evolution are uniquely significant phenomena in evolutionary biology: they are products of biological evolution, yet they supplement genetic transmission with social transmission, thus achieving a certain independence from natural selection. However, cultural evolution nevertheless expresses key Darwinian processes itself and also interacts with genetic evolution. Just how culture fits into the grander framework of evolution is a big issuethough, yet one that has received relatively little scientific attention compared to, for example, genetic evolution. Culture Evolves is the outcome of a major interdisciplinarymeeting held by The Royal Society and the British Academy which explored new discoveries and controversies regarding cultural evolution - from the roots of culture in the animal kingdom to investigations of the cognitive adaptations shaping our special cultural nature. The book contains papers writeen by leading experts from the fields of ethology, behavioural ecology, primatology, comparative psychology, archaeology, anthropology, evolutionary biology and developmental psychology.

Origins of Human Innovation and Creativity

Author: Scott Elias

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444538224

Category: Social Science

Page: 140

View: 5550

Innovation and creativity are two of the key characteristics that distinguish cultural transmission from biological transmission. This book explores a number of questions concerning the nature and timing of the origins of human creativity. What were the driving factors in the development of new technologies? What caused the stasis in stone tool technological innovation in the Early Pleistocene? Were there specific regions and episodes of enhanced technological development, or did it occur at a steady pace where ancestral humans lived? The authors are archaeologists who address these questions, armed with data from ancient artefacts such as shell beads used as jewelry, primitive musical instruments, and sophisticated techniques required to fashion certain kinds of stone into tools. Providing ‘state of art’ discussions that step back from the usual archaeological publications that focus mainly on individual site discoveries, this book presents the full picture on how and why creativity in Middle to Late Pleistocene archeology/anthropology evolved. Gives a full, original and multidisciplinary perspective on how and why creativity evolved in the Middle to Late Pleistocene Enhances our understanding of the big leaps forward in creativity at certain times Assesses the intellectual creativity of Homo erectus, H. neanderthalensis, and H. sapiens via their artefacts

The Palaeolithic Origins of Human Burial

Author: Paul Pettitt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136699090

Category: Social Science

Page: 308

View: 8502

Humans are unique in that they expend considerable effort and ingenuity in disposing of the dead. Some of the recognisable ways we do this are visible in the Palaeolithic archaeology of the Ice Age. The Palaeolithic Origins of Human Burial takes a novel approach to the long-term development of human mortuary activity – the various ways we deal with the dead and with dead bodies. It is the first comprehensive survey of Palaeolithic mortuary activity in the English language. Observations in the modern world as to how chimpanzees behave towards their dead allow us to identify ‘core’ areas of behaviour towards the dead that probably have very deep evolutionary antiquity. From that point, the palaeontological and archaeological records of the Pliocene and Pleistocene are surveyed. The core chapters of the book survey the mortuary activities of early hominins, archaic members of the genus Homo, early Homo sapiens, the Neanderthals, the Early and Mid Upper Palaeolithic, and the Late Upper Palaeolithic world. Burial is a striking component of Palaeolithic mortuary activity, although existing examples are odd and this probably does not reflect what modern societies believe burial to be, and modern ways of thinking of the dead probably arose only at the very end of the Pleistocene. When did symbolic aspects of mortuary ritual evolve? When did the dead themselves become symbols? In discussing such questions, The Palaeolithic Origins of Human Burial offers an engaging contribution to the debate on modern human origins. It is illustrated throughout, includes up-to-date examples from the Lower to Late Upper Palaeolithic, including information hitherto unpublished.

The Archaeology of Identity

Approaches to Gender, Age, Status, Ethnicity and Religion

Author: Margarita Diaz-Andreu,Margarita Díaz-Andreu García,Sam Lucy,Stasa Babic,David N. Edwards

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415197465

Category: Social Science

Page: 171

View: 5676

Presents an overview of the five key areas in archaeological social theory: gender, age, ethnicity, religion, and status. This book reviews the research history of each area, the different ways in which each has been investigated, and offers avenues for research and exploring the connections between them.

Handbook of Gender in Archaeology

Author: Sarah M. Nelson,Sarah Nelson

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759106789

Category: Social Science

Page: 913

View: 1498

First reference work to explore the research on gender in archaeology.

Archaeology at the Millennium

A Sourcebook

Author: Gary M. Feinman,T. Douglas Price

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 038772611X

Category: Social Science

Page: 508

View: 8924

In this book an internationally distinguished roster of contributors considers the state of the art of the discipline of archaeology at the turn of the 21st century and charts an ambitious agenda for the future. The chapters address a wide range of topics including, paradigms, practice, and relevance of the discipline; paleoanthropology; fully modern humans; holocene hunter-gatherers; the transition to food and craft production; social inequality; warfare; state and empire formation; and the uneasy relationship between classical and anthropological archaeology.