The Archaeology of Human Origins

Papers by Glynn Isaac

Author: Glynn Isaac,Barbara Isaac

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521365734

Category: Social Science

Page: 447

View: 7383

A collection of the most influential papers of the late Glynn Isaac.

Stone Tools and Fossil Bones

Debates in the Archaeology of Human Origins

Author: Manuel Domínguez-Rodrigo

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107022924

Category: History

Page: 362

View: 4201

International archaeologists examine early Stone Age tools and bones to present the most holistic view to date of the archaeology of human origins.

The Cutting Edge

New Approaches to the Archaeology of Human Origins

Author: Kathy Diane Schick,Nicholas Patrick Toth

Publisher: N.A


Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 9639

"The Cutting Edge: New Approaches to the Archaeology of Human Origins presents new studies focusing on the prehistoric evidence for proto-human behavior and adaptation. Based upon a Stone Age Institute conference, this book features many of the principal investigators in Early Stone Age research. This collection of papers expands our knowledge of human evolutionary studies and considers new avenues of inquiry for the future. These studies include the results of fieldwork at major archaeological sites between 2.6 and 1.4 million years ago, analytical approaches to Early Stone Age evidence, and experimental archaeological research probing the evolutionary significance of these early sites." --Book Jacket.

The Archaeology of Human Bones

Author: Simon Mays

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134687931

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 5500

The aim of this book is to provide an introduction to what can be learnt from the scientific study of human skeletal remains from archaeological sites.

Settling the Earth

The Archaeology of Deep Human History

Author: Clive Gamble

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107013267

Category: History

Page: 377

View: 6989

How and when did we become the only human species to settle the whole earth? How did our brains become so large? In this book, Clive Gamble sets out to answer these fundamental questions, digging deep into the archives of archaeology, fossil ancestors and human genetics. The wealth of detail in these sources allows him to write a completely new account of our earliest beginnings: a deep history in which we devised solutions not only to the technical challenges of global settlement but also cracked the problem, long before writing and smartphones, of how to live apart yet stay in touch.

The Archaeology of Human Ancestry

Power, Sex and Tradition

Author: Stephen Shennan,James Steele

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134814496

Category: Social Science

Page: 472

View: 4517

Human social life is constrained and defined by our cognitive and emotional dispositions, which are the legacy of our foraging ancestors. But how difficult is it to reconstruct the social systems and cultural traditions of those ancestors? The Archaeology of Human Ancestry provides a stimulating and provocative answer, in which archaeologists and biological anthropologists set out and demonstrate their reconstructive methods. Contributors use observations of primates and modern hunter-gatherers to illuminate the fossil and artefactual records. Thematic treatment covers the evolution of group size; group composition and the emotional structure of social bonds; sexual dimorphism and the sexual division of labour; and the origins of human cultural traditions. The Archaeology of Human Ancestry is an essential introduction to the subject for advanced undergraduates and researchers in archaeology and biological anthropology. It will also be used by workers in psychology, sociology and feminist studies as a resource for understanding human social origins.

Social Anthropology and Human Origins

Author: Alan Barnard

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139500449

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 9891

The study of human origins is one of the most fascinating branches of anthropology. Yet it has rarely been considered by social or cultural anthropologists, who represent the largest subfield of the discipline. In this powerful study Alan Barnard aims to bridge this gap. Barnard argues that social anthropological theory has much to contribute to our understanding of human evolution, including changes in technology, subsistence and exchange, family and kinship, as well as to the study of language, art, ritual and belief. This book places social anthropology in the context of a widely-conceived constellation of anthropological sciences. It incorporates recent findings in many fields, including primate studies, archaeology, linguistics and human genetics. In clear, accessible style Barnard addresses the fundamental questions surrounding the evolution of human society and the prehistory of culture, suggesting a new direction for social anthropology that will open up debate across the discipline as a whole.

Unravelling the Palaeolithic

Ten Years of Research at the Centre for the Archaeology of Human Origins (CAHO, University of Southampton)

Author: Karen Ruebens,Iza Romanowska,Rachel Bynoe

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: 9781407309958

Category: Social Science

Page: 178

View: 9516

Papers from the 2011 conference marking ten years of Centre for the Archaeology of Human Origins (CAHO, University of Southampton). Contents: Introduction (Clive Gamble); 1) Lower Palaeolithic of Central and Eastern Europe: Critical Re-evaluation of the Current State of Knowledge (Iza Romanowska); 2) The Earliest Middle Stone Age of Northern South Africa: The Cave of Hearths and Bushman Rock Shelter (David Underhill); 3) Quaternary Environments and Archaeology of Jersey: A New Multidisciplinary project looking at the early prehistoric occupation of the English Channel Region (Matt Pope et al.); 4) Interglacial Neanderthal Ecology: evidence of absence? (Rachel Bynoe); 5) Neanderthal land-use and related tool-kits at the MIS 5/4 boundary in the South-East portion of the French Massif Central (Jean-Paul Raynal et al.); 6) Creating Country: Late Middle Palaeolithic Landscape Enculturation (Rebecca Wragg Sykes); 7) Changing Scales of Obsidian Movement and Social Networking (Theodora Moutsiou); 8) Analyzing the Child Burials of Upper Palaeolithic Europe (Jessica Cooney); 9) Ancient Magdalenian of the French Massif Central revisited: a reappraisal of unit F2 of the Rond du Barry cave (Polignac, Haute-Loire, France) (Audrey Lafarge et al.); 10) The social contexts of Palaeolithic Figural Art: Performativity, Materialisation and Fragmentation (Liliane Janik); 11) Differentiating French Magdalenian portable art assemblages: new analyses of low-relief technologies on antler (Rebecca Farbstein); 12) Scatters, Patches, and Palimpsests: Solving the Contemporaneity Problem (Matt Grove); 13) People, places and things: understanding Lateglacial personhood through mobility and exchange (Fotini Kofido); 14) CAHO 10 Closing words (John McNabb and William Davies).

The Archaeology of Mind: Neuroevolutionary Origins of Human Emotions

Author: Jaak Panksepp,Lucy Biven

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393707318

Category: Psychology

Page: 592

View: 3515

A look at the seven emotional systems of the brain by the researcher who discovered them. What makes us happy? What makes us sad? How do we come to feel a sense of enthusiasm? What fills us with lust, anger, fear, or tenderness? Traditional behavioral and cognitive neuroscience have yet to provide satisfactory answers. The Archaeology of Mind presents an affective neuroscience approach—which takes into consideration basic mental processes, brain functions, and emotional behaviors that all mammals share—to locate the neural mechanisms of emotional expression. It reveals—for the first time—the deep neural sources of our values and basic emotional feelings. This book elaborates on the seven emotional systems that explain how we live and behave. These systems originate in deep areas of the brain that are remarkably similar across all mammalian species. When they are disrupted, we find the origins of emotional disorders: - SEEKING: how the brain generates a euphoric and expectant response - FEAR: how the brain responds to the threat of physical danger and death - RAGE: sources of irritation and fury in the brain - LUST: how sexual desire and attachments are elaborated in the brain - CARE: sources of maternal nurturance - GRIEF: sources of non-sexual attachments - PLAY: how the brain generates joyous, rough-and-tumble interactions - SELF: a hypothesis explaining how affects might be elaborated in the brain The book offers an evidence-based evolutionary taxonomy of emotions and affects and, as such, a brand-new clinical paradigm for treating psychiatric disorders in clinical practice.

Investigating Olduvai

Archaeology of Human Origins

Author: Jeanne Sept

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780253332196

Category: Science

Page: 1

View: 6264

An interactive multimedia presentation of our prehistoric ancestors at Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania. Through textual information, photographs, movies and sounds you can explore the landscape and learn about its inhabitants as well as learning how our knowledge of the people and environment of Olduvai has been formed. `An exciting and innovative introduction to human evolution, archaeological methods, prehistory and African archaeology'.

The Archaeology of Ethiopia

Author: Niall Finneran

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136755527

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 463

Providing a comprehensive multi-period study of the archaeology of Ethiopia, this title surveys the country's history, detailing the discoveries from the late Stone Age, including the infamous 'Lucy', and moving onto the emergence of food production, prehistoric rock art, and more.

The Archaeology of Southern Africa

Author: Peter Mitchell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521633895

Category: History

Page: 515

View: 6641

Southern Africa has one of the longest histories of occupation by modern humans and their ancestors anywhere in the world, over three million years. Research in Southern Africa is central to many key debates in contemporary archaeology, including hominid origins, the origins of anatomically modern humans and modern forms of behaviour, and the development of ethnographically informed perspectives for understanding rock art, of which the sub-continent boasts one of the richest heritages in the world. This is the first attempt at synthesis of the sub-continent's past for over forty years.

Motel der Mysterien.

Author: David Macaulay

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783806725070


Page: 95

View: 2864


The Archaeology of Early China

From Prehistory to the Han Dynasty

Author: Gideon Shelach-Lavi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316194019

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 1402

This volume aims to satisfy a pressing need for an updated account of Chinese archaeology. It covers an extended time period from the earliest peopling of China to the unification of the Chinese Empire some two thousand years ago. The geographical coverage includes the traditional focus on the Yellow River basin but also covers China's many other regions. Among the topics covered are the emergence of agricultural communities; the establishment of a sedentary way of life; the development of sociopolitical complexity; advances in lithic technology, ceramics, and metallurgy; and the appearance of writing, large-scale public works, cities, and states. Particular emphasis is placed on the great cultural variations that existed among the different regions and the development of interregional contacts among those societies.

The Palaeolithic Origins of Human Burial

Author: Paul Pettitt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136699090

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 5035

Humans are unique in that they expend considerable effort and ingenuity in disposing of the dead. Some of the recognisable ways we do this are visible in the Palaeolithic archaeology of the Ice Age. The Palaeolithic Origins of Human Burial takes a novel approach to the long-term development of human mortuary activity – the various ways we deal with the dead and with dead bodies. It is the first comprehensive survey of Palaeolithic mortuary activity in the English language. Observations in the modern world as to how chimpanzees behave towards their dead allow us to identify ‘core’ areas of behaviour towards the dead that probably have very deep evolutionary antiquity. From that point, the palaeontological and archaeological records of the Pliocene and Pleistocene are surveyed. The core chapters of the book survey the mortuary activities of early hominins, archaic members of the genus Homo, early Homo sapiens, the Neanderthals, the Early and Mid Upper Palaeolithic, and the Late Upper Palaeolithic world. Burial is a striking component of Palaeolithic mortuary activity, although existing examples are odd and this probably does not reflect what modern societies believe burial to be, and modern ways of thinking of the dead probably arose only at the very end of the Pleistocene. When did symbolic aspects of mortuary ritual evolve? When did the dead themselves become symbols? In discussing such questions, The Palaeolithic Origins of Human Burial offers an engaging contribution to the debate on modern human origins. It is illustrated throughout, includes up-to-date examples from the Lower to Late Upper Palaeolithic, including information hitherto unpublished.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191650390

Category: Social Science

Page: 872

View: 8619

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.


An Archaeology of the Relationships Between Humans and Things

Author: Ian Hodder

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470672110

Category: History

Page: 252

View: 1706

A powerful and innovative argument that explores the complexity of the human relationship with material things, demonstrating how humans and societies are entrapped into the maintenance and sustaining of material worlds Argues that the interrelationship of humans and things is a defining characteristic of human history and culture Offers a nuanced argument that values the physical processes of things without succumbing to materialism Discusses historical and modern examples, using evolutionary theory to show how long-standing entanglements are irreversible and increase in scale and complexity over time Integrates aspects of a diverse array of contemporary theories in archaeology and related natural and biological sciences Provides a critical review of many of the key contemporary perspectives from materiality, material culture studies and phenomenology to evolutionary theory, behavioral archaeology, cognitive archaeology, human behavioral ecology, Actor Network Theory and complexity theory

A History of African Archaeology

Author: Peter Robertshaw

Publisher: James Currey Publishers

ISBN: 0852550650

Category: Africa

Page: 378

View: 9509

This is the first book to chronicle the development of African archaeology as a subject.

Modern Origins

A North African Perspective

Author: Jean-Jacques Hublin,Shannon P. McPherron

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400729294

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 6257

Over the last decade, Africa has taken a central position in the search for the timing and mechanisms leading to modern human origins, and the rich archaeological and human paleontological record of North Africa is critical to this search. In this volume, we bring together new research into the archaeology, human paleontology, chronology, and environmental context of modern human origins in North Africa. The result is a volume that better integrates the North African record into the modern human origins debate and at the same time highlights the research questions that are currently the focus of continued work in the area.​