Cremation and the Archaeology of Death

Author: Jessica Cerezo-Román,Anna Wessman,Howard Williams

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198798113

Category:

Page: 368

View: 5132

This collection brings together leading experts and new voices in the study of death in the human past. The book explores the rich range of archaeological evidence shedding light on the use of cremation from prehistory to the present day.
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The Archaeology of Cremation

Burned Human Remains in Funerary Studies

Author: Tim Thompson

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1782978496

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 8684

Human societies have disposed of their dead in a variety of ways. However, while considerable attention has been paid to bodies that were buried, comparatively little work has been devoted to understanding the nature of cremated remains, despite their visibility through time. It has been argued that this is the result of decades of misunderstanding regarding the potential information that this material holds, combined with properties that make burned bone inherently difficult to analyse. As such, there is a considerable body of knowledge on the concepts and practices of inhumation yet our understanding of cremation ritual and practice is by comparison, woefully inadequate. This timely volume therefore draws together the inventive methodology that has been developed for this material and combines it with a fuller interpretation of the archaeological funerary context. It demonstrates how an innovative methodology, when applied to a challenging material, can produce new and exciting interpretations of archaeological sites and funerary contexts. The reader is introduced to the nature of burned human remains and the destructive effect that fire can have on the body. Subsequent chapters describe important cremation practices and sites from around the world and from the Neolithic period to the modern day. By emphasising the need for a robust methodology combined with a nuanced interpretation, it is possible to begin to appreciate the significance and wide-spread adoption of this practice of dealing with the dead.
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Transformation by Fire

The Archaeology of Cremation in Cultural Context

Author: Gabriel Cooney

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816531145

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 1300

Transformation by Fire offers a current assessment of the archaeological research on the widespread social practice of cremation. Editors Ian Kuijt, Colin P. Quinn, and Gabriel Cooney chart a path for the development of interpretive archaeology surrounding this complex social process.
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The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0199569061

Category: Social Science

Page: 872

View: 5134

This Handbook reviews the state of mortuary archaeology and its practice with forty-four chapters focusing on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods and geographical areas.
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The Archaeology of Shamanism

Author: Neil Price

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134527691

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 9361

In this timely collection, Neil Price provides a general introduction to the archaeology of shamanism by bringing together recent archaeological thought on the subject. Blending theoretical discussion with detailed case studies, the issues addressed include shamanic material culture, responses to dying and the dead, shamanic soundscapes, the use of ritual architecture and shamanism in the context of other belief systems such as totemism. Following an intial orientation reviewing shamanism as an anthropological construct, the volume focuses on the Northern hemisphere with case studies from Greenland to Nepal, Siberia to Kazakhstan. The papers span a chronological range from Upper Palaeolithic to the present and explore such cross-cutting themes as gender and the body, identity, landscape, architecture, as well as shamanic interpretations of rock art and shamanism in the heritage and cultural identity of indigenous peoples. The volume also addresses the interpretation of shamanic beliefs in terms of cognitive neuroscience and the modern public perception of prehistoric shamanism.
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The Archaeology of Death

Author: Robert Chapman,Ian Kinnes,Klavs Randsborg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521237758

Category: Social Science

Page: 159

View: 9493

This volume brings together studies on the disposal of the dead and the archaeological research potential of found remains.
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The Archaeology of Human Bones

Author: Simon Mays

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136971785

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 4145

First Published in 2010. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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The Archaeology of the East Anglian Conversion

Author: Richard Hoggett

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 1843835959

Category: History

Page: 207

View: 4813

The huge changes in the landscape as a result of the Christian conversion of East Anglia are examined in this multi-disciplinary study.
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The Archaeology of Medieval Germany

An Introduction

Author: Günter P. Fehring

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317605101

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 9473

Medieval archaeology is a relatively young discipline. It relies heavily on and contributes to the neighbouring disciplines of history and geography as well as certain of the natural sciences. The kinds of sources investigated in the context of medieval archaeology also cast light on many aspects of life in later centuries. The main sources used are: graveyards, churches and churchyards; castles and fortifications; rural and urban settlements; technical production sites and routes of communication. Closely allied to these are the numerous finds of small objects of everyday life, from cutlery and tools to animal remains and grain. This book is a comprehensive discussion of what can be established from the use of such materials about the culture and daily life of medieval Germany. Each subject is augmented with the use of many illustrations. Besides methodological questions, the author considers what can be learnt about the history of settlement and architecture, of technology, of economic and social matters, of churches and missions, and of population, diet and vegetation.
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The Archaeology of Iberia

The Dynamics of Change

Author: Margarita Diaz-Andreu,Simon Keay

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317799062

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 7484

For many archaeologists, Iberia is the last great unknown region in Europe. Although it occupies a crucial position between South-Western Europe and North Africa, academic attention has traditionally been focused on areas like Greece or Italy. However Iberia has an equally rich cultural heritage and archaeological tradition. This ground-breaking volume presents a sample of the ways in which archaeologists have applied theoretical frameworks to the interpretation of archaeological evidence, offering new insights into the archaeology of both Iberia and Europe from prehistoric time through to the tenth century. The contributors to this book are leading archaeologists drawn from both countries. They offer innovative and challenging models for the Paleolithic, Neolithic, Copper Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age, Roman, Early Medieval and Islamic periods. A diverse range of subjects are covered including urban transformation, the Iron Age peoples of Spain, observations on historiography and the origins of the Arab domains of Al-Andalus. It is essential reading for advanced undergraduates and those researching the archaeology of the Iberian Peninsula.
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The Archaeology of the Dead

Lectures in Archaeothanatology

Author: Henri Duday,Anna Maria Cipriani,John Pearce

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1782973400

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 2643

Henri Duday is Director of Research for CNRS at the University of Bordeaux. The Archaeology of the Dead is based on an intensive specialist course in burial archaeology given by Duday in Rome in November 2004. The primary aim of the project was to contribute to the development of common procedures for excavation, data collection and study of Roman cemeteries of the imperial period. Translated into English by Anna Maria Cipriani and John Pearce, this book looks at the way in which the analysis of skeletons can allow us to re-discover the lives of people who came before us and inform us of their view of death. Duday throughly examines the means at our disposal to allow the dead to speak, as well as identifying the pitfalls that may deceive us.
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The Archaeology of Plural and Changing Identities

Beyond Identification

Author: Eleanor Casella,Chris Fowler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306486944

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 6714

As people move through life, they continually shift affiliation from one position to another, dependent on the wider contexts of their interactions. Different forms of material culture may be employed as affiliations shift, and the connotations of any given set of artifacts may change. In this volume the authors explore these overlapping spheres of social affiliation. Social actors belong to multiple identity groups at any moment in their life. It is possible to deploy one or many potential labels in describing the identities of such an actor. Two main axes exist upon which we can plot experiences of social belonging – the synchronic and the diachronic. Identities can be understood as multiple during one moment (or the extended moment of brief interaction), over the span of a lifetime, or over a specific historical trajectory. From the Introduction The international contributions each illuminate how the various identifiers of race, ethnicity, sexuality, age, class, gender, personhood, health, and/or religion are part of both material expressions of social affiliations, and transient experiences of identity. The Archaeology of Plural and Changing Identities: Beyond Identification will be of great interest to archaeologists, anthropologists, historians, curators and other social scientists interested in the mutability of identification through material remains.
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The Archaeology of Early Medieval Poland

Discoveries, Hypotheses, Interpretations

Author: Andrzej Buko

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004162305

Category: History

Page: 475

View: 5556

The first academic book concerning the most interesting archaeological discoveries of Medieval date (6th-mid 13th centuries) in Poland. The book is meant mainly for students, archaeologists and historians. It will also interest a wider audience interested in the history and archaeology of central Europe.
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The Archaeology of Mainland Southeast Asia

From 10,000 B.C. to the Fall of Angkor

Author: Charles Higham

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521275255

Category: History

Page: 387

View: 7672

This important new synthesis focuses on the social world of early mainland Southeast Asia.
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The Archaeology of Time

Author: Gavin Lucas

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415311977

Category: Social Science

Page: 150

View: 916

Drawing on a wide range of archaeological examples from a variety of regions and periods, this book is an introduction not just to the issues of chronology and dating, but time as a theoretical concept and how this is understood and employed in contemporary archaeology.
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The Archaeology of Hollywood

Traces of the Golden Age

Author: Paul Bahn

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0759123799

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 6733

Discover what is left of the Golden Age of Hollywood with noted archaeologist and old Hollywood buff, Paul G. Bahn, as he unearths and documents forgotten movie-related treasures.
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The Archaeology of Ritual and Magic

Author: Ralph Merrifield

Publisher: New Amsterdam Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Archaeology

Page: 224

View: 6935

Ralph Merrifield systematically examines the evidence from prehistoric times to the present and demonstrates that all through the fundamental changes of belief--from primitive animism to Christianity to scientific rationalism--the same kinds of simple ritual have survived because they answer deep human needs.
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The Analysis of Burned Human Remains

Author: Christopher W. Schmidt,Steven A. Symes

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 008055928X

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 8547

This unique reference provides a primary source for osteologists and the medical/legal community for the understanding of burned bone remains in forensic or archaeological contexts. It describes in detail the changes in human bone and soft tissues as a body burns at both the chemical and gross levels and provides an overview of the current procedures in burned bone study. Case studies in forensic and archaeological settings aid those interested in the analysis of burned human bodies, from death scene investigators, to biological anthropologists looking at the recent or ancient dead. Includes the diagnostic patterning of color changes that give insight to the severity of burning, the positioning of the body, and presence (or absence) of soft tissues during the burning event Chapters on bones and teeth give step-by-step recommendations for how to study and recognize burned hard tissues
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The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Contemporary World

Author: Paul Graves-Brown,Rodney Harrison,Angela Piccini

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191663956

Category: Social Science

Page: 864

View: 3179

It has been clear for many years that the ways in which archaeology is practised have been a direct product of a particular set of social, cultural, and historical circumstances - archaeology is always carried out in the present. More recently, however, many have begun to consider how archaeological techniques might be used to reflect more directly on the contemporary world itself: how we might undertake archaeologies of, as well as in the present. This Handbook is the first comprehensive survey of an exciting and rapidly expanding sub-field and provides an authoritative overview of the newly emerging focus on the archaeology of the present and recent past. In addition to detailed archaeological case studies, it includes essays by scholars working on the relationships of different disciplines to the archaeology of the contemporary world, including anthropology, psychology, philosophy, historical geography, science and technology studies, communications and media, ethnoarchaeology, forensic archaeology, sociology, film, performance, and contemporary art. This volume seeks to explore the boundaries of an emerging sub-discipline, to develop a tool-kit of concepts and methods which are applicable to this new field, and to suggest important future trajectories for research. It makes a significant intervention by drawing together scholars working on a broad range of themes, approaches, methods, and case studies from diverse contexts in different parts of the world, which have not previously been considered collectively.
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An Archaeology of the Early Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms

Author: C. J. Arnold

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134730977

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 7864

An Archaeology of the Early Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms is a volume which offers an unparalleled view of the archaeological remains of the period. Using the development of the kingdoms as a framework, this study closely examines the wealth of material evidence and analyzes its significance to our understanding of the society that created it. From our understanding of the migrations of the Germanic peoples into the British Isles, the subsequent patterns of settlement, land-use, trade, through to social hierarchy and cultural identity within the kingdoms, this fully revised edition illuminates one of the most obscure and misunderstood periods in European history.
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