The Ancestor's Tale

A Pilgrimage to the Dawn of Evolution

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0547525125

Category: Science

Page: 688

View: 4968

With unparalleled wit, clarity, and intelligence, Richard Dawkins, one of the world's most renowned evolutionary biologists, has introduced countless readers to the wonders of science in works such as The Selfish Gene. Now, in The Ancestor's Tale, Dawkins offers a masterwork: an exhilarating reverse tour through evolution, from present-day humans back to the microbial beginnings of life four billion years ago. Throughout the journey Dawkins spins entertaining, insightful stories and sheds light on topics such as speciation, sexual selection, and extinction. The Ancestor's Tale is at once an essential education in evolutionary theory and a riveting read.
Release

Das egoistische Gen

Mit einem Vorwort von Wolfgang Wickler

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642553915

Category: Science

Page: 489

View: 8760

p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.
Release

Der entzauberte Regenbogen

Wissenschaft, Aberglaube und die Kraft der Phantasie

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783499624650

Category:

Page: 415

View: 7972

Ein Regenbogen ist in all seiner Schönheit zweifellos ein beeindruckendes, romantisches Phänomen. Wird der poetische Charakter dieser Naturerscheinung kaputtgemacht, wenn ein Wissenschaftler wie Newton daherkommt und erklärt, dass man es hier mit der Zerlegung von Sonnenlicht in einzelne Spektralfarben zu tun hat? Nein, meint der Autor. Vielmehr zeigt er in diesem hochinteressanten Buch, dass das Vorurteil von der kaltherzigen Wissenschaft unbegründet ist, ja dass das Wunderbare unserer Welt sich gerade dann offenbart, wenn es der Wissenschaft gelingt, komplexe Geheimnisse und damit die Wunder der Natur zu entschlüsseln. Sinnvolle Metaphern und Analogien, die die Fantasie beflügeln und zu über das bloße Verstehen weit hinausreichenden Bildern werden, führen zu einer Poesie in der Naturwissenschaft. Aberglaube und Geschäftemacherei mit Mystizismus prangert er hingegen an, ebenso die für die Wissenschaft schädliche "schlechte poetische Wissenschaft", zu der er übrigens interessante Beispiele aus seinem Fachgebiet, der Evolutionsforschung, anführt. (2)
Release

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 3668

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Release

Der Zauber der Wirklichkeit

die faszinierende Wahrheit hinter den Rätseln der Natur

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783550088506

Category:

Page: 270

View: 3950

Naturwissenschaftliche Wirklichkeit hinter den Mythen der Völker - vom Urknall über die Evolution bis zu Regenbogen, Erdbeben und den Jahreszeiten.
Release

Heimkehren

Roman

Author: Yaa Gyasi

Publisher: Dumont Buchverlag

ISBN: 3832189653

Category: Fiction

Page: 414

View: 3802

Obwohl Effia und Esi Schwestern sind, lernen sie sich nie kennen, denn ihre Lebenswege verlaufen von Anfang an getrennt. Im Ghana des 18. Jahrhunderts heiratet Effia einen Engländer, der im Sklavenhandel zu Reichtum und Macht gelangt. Esi dagegen wird als Sklavin nach Amerika verkauft. Während Effias Nachkommen über Jahrhunderte Opfer oder Profiteure des Sklavenhandels werden, kämpfen Esis Kinder und Kindeskinder ums Überleben: auf den Plantagen der Südstaaten, während des Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieges, der Großen Migration, in den Kohleminen Alabamas und dann, im 20. Jahrhundert, in den Jazzclubs und Drogenhäusern Harlems. Hat die vorerst letzte Generation schließlich die Chance, einen Platz in der Gesellschaft zu finden, den sie Heimat nennen kann und wo man nicht als Menschen zweiter Klasse angesehen wird? Mit einer enormen erzählerischen Kraft zeichnet Yaa Gyasi die Wege der Frauen und ihrer Nachkommen über Generationen bis in die Gegenwart hinein. ›Heimkehren‹ ist ein bewegendes Stück Literatur von beeindruckender politischer Aktualität. New-York-Times-Bestseller Das Hörbuch erscheint am 4. August bei DAV, gelesen von 14 Sprecherinnen und Sprechern: Bibiana Beglau, Wanja Mues, Britta Steffenhagen, Götz Schubert, Johann von Bülow, Stefan Kaminski, Felix Goeser, Bjarne Mädel, Max Mauff, Rike Schmid, Jodie Ahlborn, Jule Böwe, Judith Engel, Lisa Wagner
Release

The Tyranny of God

Author: Marquez Comelab

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 144527342X

Category:

Page: 316

View: 6291

This book explores the truth behind our beliefs in God and the propensity of human beings to be religious. In an honest attempt to seek the answers to life's deepest questions, the author probes into how life began. It then progresses to investigate the nature of religions and writes that, because we refuse to accept our mortality, we delude ourselves and we coerce others, with the tyranny of our own beliefs.
Release

Der Report der Magd

Roman

Author: Margaret Atwood

Publisher: Piper ebooks

ISBN: 3492970591

Category: Fiction

Page: 400

View: 6263

Die provozierende Vision eines totalitären Staats, in dem Frauen keine Rechte haben: Die Dienerin Desfred besitzt etwas, was ihr alle Machthaber, Wächter und Spione nicht nehmen können, nämlich ihre Hoffnung auf ein Entkommen, auf Liebe, auf Leben ... Margaret Atwoods »Report der Magd« wurde zum Kultbuch einer ganzen Generation und von Volker Schlöndorff unter dem Titel »Die Geschichte der Dienerin« verfilmt.
Release

Gipfel des Unwahrscheinlichen

Wunder der Evolution

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783499624520

Category:

Page: 366

View: 8508

Wie bereits in früheren Büchern (BA 12/87, 12/94, 12/96) befaßt sich der Autor mit Themen der Evolution auf der Grundlage der von Darwin entwickelten Erkenntnisse. Dawkins veranschaulicht die weitgehend rätselhafte Dynamik der Entwicklung des Lebens im Wechselspiel von Mutation und Selektion, von egoistischem Eigeninteresse und altruistischer Selbstbeschränkung der Organismen, - eine Dynamik, die sich häufig rationalistischer Logik entzieht, weil die großen Zeitdimensionen menschliches Vorstellungsvermögen übersteigt. An Hand detaillierter Fakten belegt er, daß äußerst komplexe und raffinierte Evolutionsleistungen nicht das Ergebnis kalkulierter Planung und Berechnung sind, sondern daß sie wahrscheinlich ohne gestaltete Absicht zu stande kommen. Das Buch hat nicht mehr die aktuelle Brisanz seines weithin bekannten und aufsehenerregenden Titels "Das egoistische Gen" (BA 12/94), es überzeugt aber wieder auf Grund seiner biologisch fundierten, schlüssigen Argumentationsweise und seiner methaphernreichen, stilistisch effektvollen Darstellung. - Für viele Bibliotheken. (2)
Release

The Engine of Complexity

Evolution as Computation

Author: John E. Mayfield

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231535287

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 1874

The concepts of evolution and complexity theory have become part of the intellectual ether permeating the life sciences, the social and behavioral sciences, and, more recently, management science and economics. In this book, John E. Mayfield elegantly synthesizes core concepts from multiple disciplines to offer a new approach to understanding how evolution works and how complex organisms, structures, organizations, and social orders can and do arise based on information theory and computational science. Intended for the intellectually adventuresome, this book challenges and rewards readers with a nuanced understanding of evolution and complexity that offers consistent, durable, and coherent explanations for major aspects of our life experiences. Numerous examples throughout the book illustrate evolution and complexity formation in action and highlight the core function of computation lying at the work's heart.
Release

Ancestors and Relatives

Genealogy, Identity, and Community

Author: Eviatar Zerubavel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199912319

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 9987

Genealogy has long been one of humanity's greatest obsessions. But with the rise of genetics, and increasing media attention to it through programs like Who Do You Think You Are? and Faces of America, we are now told that genetic markers can definitively tell us who we are and where we came from. The problem, writes Eviatar Zerubavel, is that biology does not provide us with the full picture. After all, he asks, why do we consider Barack Obama black even though his mother was white? Why did the Nazis believe that unions of Germans and Jews would produce Jews rather than Germans? In this provocative book, he offers a fresh understanding of relatedness, showing that its social logic sometimes overrides the biological reality it supposedly reflects. In fact, rather than just biological facts, social traditions of remembering and classifying shape the way we trace our ancestors, identify our relatives, and delineate families, ethnic groups, nations, and species. Furthermore, genealogies are more than mere records of history. Drawing on a wide range of evidence, Zerubavel introduces such concepts as braiding, clipping, pasting, lumping, splitting, stretching, and pruning to shed light on how we manipulate genealogies to accommodate personal and collective agendas of inclusion and exclusion. Rather than simply find out who our ancestors were and identify our relatives, we actually construct the genealogical narratives that make them our ancestors and relatives. An eye-opening re-examination of our very notion of relatedness, Ancestors and Relatives offers a new way of understanding family, ethnicity, nationhood, race, and humanity.
Release

Evolution

What the Fossils Say and Why It Matters

Author: Donald R. Prothero

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511426

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 8773

Over the past twenty years, paleontologists have made tremendous fossil discoveries, including fossils that mark the growth of whales, manatees, and seals from land mammals and the origins of elephants, horses, and rhinos. Today there exists an amazing diversity of fossil humans, suggesting we walked upright long before we acquired large brains, and new evidence from molecules that enable scientists to decipher the tree of life as never before. The fossil record is now one of the strongest lines of evidence for evolution. In this engaging and richly illustrated book, Donald R. Prothero weaves an entertaining though intellectually rigorous history out of the transitional forms and series that dot the fossil record. Beginning with a brief discussion of the nature of science and the "monkey business of creationism," Prothero tackles subjects ranging from flood geology and rock dating to neo-Darwinism and macroevolution. He covers the ingredients of the primordial soup, the effects of communal living, invertebrate transitions, the development of the backbone, the reign of the dinosaurs, the mammalian explosion, and the leap from chimpanzee to human. Prothero pays particular attention to the recent discovery of "missing links" that complete the fossil timeline and details the debate between biologists over the mechanisms driving the evolutionary process. Evolution is an absorbing combination of firsthand observation, scientific discovery, and trenchant analysis. With the teaching of evolution still an issue, there couldn't be a better moment for a book clarifying the nature and value of fossil evidence. Widely recognized as a leading expert in his field, Prothero demonstrates that the transformation of life on this planet is far more awe inspiring than the narrow view of extremists.
Release

Stories We've Heard, Stories We've Told

Life-Changing Narratives in Therapy and Everyday Life

Author: Jeffrey Kottler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199328277

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 4605

This is a book that integrates what is known from a wide variety of disciplines about the nature of storytelling and how it influences and transforms people's lives. Drawing on material from the humanities, sociology, anthropology, neurophysiology, media and communication studies, narrative inquiry, indigenous healing traditions, as well as education, counseling, and therapy, the book explores the ways that therapists operate as professional storytellers. In addition, our job is to hold and honor the stories of our clients, helping them to reshape them in more constructive ways. The book itself is written as a story, utilizing engaging prose, research, photographs, and powerful anecdotes to draw readers into the intriguing dynamics and processes involved in therapeutic storytelling. It sets the stage for what follows by discussing the ways that stories have influenced history, cultural development, and individual worldviews and then delves into the ways that everyday lives are impacted by the stories we hear, read, and view in popular media. The focus then moves to stories within the context of therapy, exploring how client stories are told, heard, and negotiated in sessions. Attention then moves to the ways that therapists can become more skilled and accomplished storytellers, regardless of their theoretical preferences and style.
Release

Earth-honoring Faith

Religious Ethics in a New Key

Author: Larry L. Rasmussen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199986843

Category: Philosophy

Page: 480

View: 1459

Grand Winner of the 2014 Nautilus Book Awards Thoughtful observers agree that the planetary crisis we now face-climate change; species extinction; the destruction of entire ecosystems; the urgent need for a more just economic-political order-is pushing human civilization to a radical turning point: change or perish. But precisely how to change remains an open question. In Earth-honoring Faith, Larry Rasmussen answers that question with a dramatically new way of thinking about human society, ethics, and the ongoing health of our planet. Rejecting the modern assumption that morality applies to human society alone, Rasmussen insists that we must derive a spiritual and ecological ethic that accounts for the well-being of all creation, as well as the primal elements upon which it depends: earth, air, fire, water, and sunlight. He argues that good science, necessary as it is, will not be enough to inspire fundamental change. We must draw on religious resources as well to make the difficult transition from an industrial-technological age obsessed with consumption to an ecological age that restores wise stewardship of all life. Earth-honoring Faith advocates an alliance of spirituality and ecology, in which the material requirements for planetary life are reconciled with deep traditions of spirituality across religions, traditions that include mysticism, sacramentalism, prophetic practices, asceticism, and the cultivation of wisdom. It is these shared spiritual practices that can produce a chorus of world faiths to counter the consumerism, utilitarianism, alienation, oppression, and folly that have pushed us to the brink. Written with passionate commitment and deep insight, Earth-honoring Faith reminds us that we must live in the present with the knowledge that the eyes of future generations will look back at us.
Release

Big History

From the Big Bang to the Present

Author: Cynthia Stokes Brown

Publisher: New Press/ORIM

ISBN: 1595588450

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 1921

Extend the human story backward for the five thousand years of recorded history and it covers no more than a millionth of a lifetime of the Earth. Yet how do we humans take stock of the history of our planet, and our own place within it? A “vast historical mosaic” (Publishers Weekly) rendered engaging and accessible, Big History interweaves different disciplines of knowledge to offer an all-encompassing account of history on Earth. Since its publication, Cynthia Brown’s “world history on a grand scale” (Kirkus) has been translated into nine languages and has helped propel the “big history” concept to viral status. This new edition of Brown’s seminal work is more relevant today than ever before, as we increasingly must grapple with accelerating rates of change and, ultimately, the legacy we will bequeath to future generations. Here is a pathbreaking portrait of our world, from the birth of the universe from a single point the size of an atom to life on a twenty-first-century planet inhabited by 7 billion people.
Release

Evolution in a Toxic World

How Life Responds to Chemical Threats

Author: Emily Monosson

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610912217

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 9766

With BPA in baby bottles, mercury in fish, and lead in computer monitors, the world has become a toxic place. But as Emily Monosson demonstrates in her groundbreaking new book, it has always been toxic. When oxygen first developed in Earth's atmosphere, it threatened the very existence of life: now we literally can't live without it. According to Monosson, examining how life adapted to such early threats can teach us a great deal about today's (and tomorrow's) most dangerous contaminants. While the study of evolution has advanced many other sciences, from conservation biology to medicine, the field of toxicology has yet to embrace this critical approach. In Evolution in a Toxic World, Monosson seeks to change that. She traces the development of life's defense systems—the mechanisms that transform, excrete, and stow away potentially harmful chemicals—frommore thanthree billion years ago to today. Beginning with our earliest ancestors' response to ultraviolet radiation, Monosson explores the evolution of chemical defenses such as antioxidants, metal binding proteins, detoxification, and cell death. As we alter the world's chemistry, these defenses often become overwhelmed faster than our bodies can adapt. But studying how our complex internal defense network currently operates, and how it came to be that way, may allow us to predict how it will react to novel and existing chemicals. This understanding could lead to not onlybetter management and preventative measures, but possibly treatment of current diseases. Development of that knowledge starts with this pioneering book.
Release

Bringing Fossils to Life

An Introduction to Paleobiology

Author: Donald R. Prothero

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231536909

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 3326

One of the leading textbooks in its field, Bringing Fossils to Life applies paleobiological principles to the fossil record while detailing the evolutionary history of major plant and animal phyla. It incorporates current research from biology, ecology, and population genetics, bridging the gap between purely theoretical paleobiological textbooks and those that describe only invertebrate paleobiology and that emphasize cataloguing live organisms instead of dead objects. For this third edition Donald R. Prothero has revised the art and research throughout, expanding the coverage of invertebrates and adding a discussion of new methodologies and a chapter on the origin and early evolution of life.
Release

Project Sunshine

How science can use the sun to fuel and feed the world

Author: Steve McKevitt,Tony Ryan

Publisher: Icon Books Ltd

ISBN: 1848315627

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 1647

It’s an astonishing fact that capturing all the energy in just one hour’s worth of sunlight would enable us to meet the planet’s food and energy needs for an entire year. Project Sunshine tells the story of how scientists are working to reconnect us to the ‘solar economy’, harnessing the power of the sun to provide sustainable food and energy for a global population of 10 billion people: an achievement that would end our dependence on ‘fossilised sunshine’ in the form of coal, oil and gas and remake our connection with the soil that grows our food. Steve McKevitt and Tony Ryan describe the human race’s complex relationship with the sun and take us back through history to see how our world became the place it is today – chemically, geologically, ecologically, climatically and economically – before moving on to the cutting-edge science and technology that will enable us to live happily in a sustainable future.
Release