Taxes and the craftsman

Author: Sydney Prerau,American Craftsmen's Council

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Income tax deductions

Page: 36

View: 7653

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The Craftsman

Author: Nicholas Amhurst,Henry St. John Bolingbroke (Viscount),William Pulteney Earl of Bath

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Great Britain

Page: N.A

View: 3136

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States of Obligation

Taxes and Citizenship in the Russian Empire and Early Soviet Republic

Author: Yanni Kotsonis

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442696338

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 504

View: 8337

Beginning in the 1860s, the Russian Empire replaced a poll tax system that originated with Peter the Great with a modern system of income and excise taxes. Russia began a transformation of state fiscal power that was also underway across Western Europe and North America. States of Obligation is the first sustained study of the Russian taxation system, the first to study its European and transatlantic context, and the first to expose the essential continuities between the fiscal practices of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. Using a wealth of materials from provincial and local archives across Russia, Yanni Kotsonis examines how taxation was simultaneously a revenue-raising and a state-building tool, a claim on the person and a way to produce a new kind of citizenship. During successive political, wartime, and revolutionary crises between 1855 and 1928, state fiscal power was used to forge social and financial unity and fairness and a direct relationship with individual Russians. State power eventually overwhelmed both the private sector economy and the fragile realm of personal privacy. States of Obligation is at once a study in Russian economic history and a reflection on the modern state and the modern citizen.
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The Craftsman

Author: Caleb D'Anvers

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1947

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The Craftsman

Being a Critique on the Times

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 5963

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From Rome to Byzantium AD 363 to 565

Author: A. D Lee

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748668357

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 3840

A. D. Lee charts the significant developments which marked the transformation of Ancient Rome into medieval Byzantium.
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Currency Demand, the Underground Economy, and Tax Evasion: The Case of Guyana

Author: Ebrima Faal

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: N.A

Category: Demand for money

Page: 30

View: 7100

The persistence in Guyana of a substantial underground economy is an important consequence of economic and social policy over 1964-2000. The paper attempts to estimate the magnitude of, and changes to the underground economy in Guyana, as well as its adverse effect on tax collection, during this period.
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Allocating Business Income between Capital and Labor under a Dual Income Tax

The Case of Iceland

Author: Ms. Thornton Matheson,Mr. Pall Kollbeins

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1475521243

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 27

View: 4474

In contrast to most Scandinavian countries, Iceland allocates the income of closely held businesses (CHBs) between capital and labor based on administratively set minimum wages rather than an imputed return to book assets. This paper contrasts the relative tax burdens of the current minimum wage system with asset-based allocation methods, and finds that switching to an asset-based method could increase tax revenues from CHBs in a generally progressive manner. Predictably, the shift would also raise the tax burden of skilled labor-intensive industries more than it would that of capital-intensive industries.
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The Striking Cabbies of Cairo and Other Stories

Crafts and Guilds in Egypt, 1863-1914

Author: John T. Chalcraft

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791461433

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 285

View: 1674

Challenges existing views of crafts and service workers in Egypt in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
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The Colonial Craftsman

Author: Carl Bridenbaugh

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486144739

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 4577

Excellent study examines lives and work of American cabinetmakers, silversmiths, pewterers, printers, painters, blacksmiths, and many other artisans, before 1775. "A fascinating study." — The New Yorker. 18 illustrations.
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