The Craftsman

Author: Nicholas Amhurst,Henry St. John Bolingbroke (Viscount),William Pulteney Earl of Bath

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Great Britain

Page: N.A

View: 5807

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States of Obligation

Taxes and Citizenship in the Russian Empire and Early Soviet Republic

Author: Yanni Kotsonis

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442696338

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 504

View: 5416

Beginning in the 1860s, the Russian Empire replaced a poll tax system that originated with Peter the Great with a modern system of income and excise taxes. Russia began a transformation of state fiscal power that was also underway across Western Europe and North America. States of Obligation is the first sustained study of the Russian taxation system, the first to study its European and transatlantic context, and the first to expose the essential continuities between the fiscal practices of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. Using a wealth of materials from provincial and local archives across Russia, Yanni Kotsonis examines how taxation was simultaneously a revenue-raising and a state-building tool, a claim on the person and a way to produce a new kind of citizenship. During successive political, wartime, and revolutionary crises between 1855 and 1928, state fiscal power was used to forge social and financial unity and fairness and a direct relationship with individual Russians. State power eventually overwhelmed both the private sector economy and the fragile realm of personal privacy. States of Obligation is at once a study in Russian economic history and a reflection on the modern state and the modern citizen.
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The Craftsman

Author: Caleb D'Anvers

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6727

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The Craftsman

Being a Critique on the Times

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8367

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Manufacturing in the Ottoman Empire and Turkey, 1500-1950

1500 - 1950

Author: Donald Quataert

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791420164

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 175

View: 9718

Four specialists trace the evolution of manufacturing in the Ottoman Empire from traditional practices through the transformations and adaptations in response to the Industrial Revolution, to the state-led industrialization policy of modern Turkey early in the 20th century, which became a model for many developing countries. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Colors of Chaos

Author: L. E. Modesitt, Jr.

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 1429913800

Category: Fiction

Page: 720

View: 864

"An intriguing fantasy in a fascinating world." —Robert Jordan, New York Times bestselling author of The Wheel of Time® series Cerryl, now a full mage in The White Order, must prove himself indispensable to Jeslek, the High Wizard. Whether through assassination, effective governance of occupied territory or the fearless and clever direction of troops in battle, Cerryl faces many harrowing obstacles, not the least of which is Anya, the plotting seductress who's the real power behind the scenes of the white wizards. With his wits, his integrity, and the support of his love, the Black healer Leyladin, he must survive long enough to claim his rightful spot within the ruling hierarchy of the White Order. L.E. Modesitt, Jr.'s bestselling fantasy novels set in the magical world of Recluce are among the most popular in contemporary fantasy. Each novel tells an independent story that nevertheless reverberates though all the other books in the series, to deepen and enhance the reading experience. Rich in detail, the Saga of Recluce is a feast of wondrous marvels. Saga of Recluce #1 The Magic of Recluce / #2 The Towers of Sunset / #3 The Magic Engineer / #4 The Order War / #5 The Death of Chaos / #6 Fall of Angels / #7 The Chaos Balance / #8 The White Order / #9 Colors of Chaos / #10 Magi’i of Cyador / #11 Scion of Cyador / #12 Wellspring of Chaos / #13 Ordermaster / #14 Natural Order Mage / #15 Mage-Guard of Hamor / #16 Arms-Commander / #17 Cyador’s Heirs / #18 Heritage of Cyador /#19 The Mongrel Mage (forthcoming) Story Collection: Recluce Tales Other Series by L.E. Modesitt, Jr. The Imager Portfolio The Corean Chronicles The Spellsong Cycle The Ghost Books The Ecolitan Matter At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.
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From Rome to Byzantium AD 363 to 565

Author: A. D Lee

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748668357

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 9689

A. D. Lee charts the significant developments which marked the transformation of Ancient Rome into medieval Byzantium.
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Currency Demand, the Underground Economy, and Tax Evasion: The Case of Guyana

Author: Ebrima Faal

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: N.A

Category: Demand for money

Page: 30

View: 9993

The persistence in Guyana of a substantial underground economy is an important consequence of economic and social policy over 1964-2000. The paper attempts to estimate the magnitude of, and changes to the underground economy in Guyana, as well as its adverse effect on tax collection, during this period.
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Allocating Business Income between Capital and Labor under a Dual Income Tax

The Case of Iceland

Author: Ms. Thornton Matheson,Mr. Pall Kollbeins

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1475521243

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 27

View: 2082

In contrast to most Scandinavian countries, Iceland allocates the income of closely held businesses (CHBs) between capital and labor based on administratively set minimum wages rather than an imputed return to book assets. This paper contrasts the relative tax burdens of the current minimum wage system with asset-based allocation methods, and finds that switching to an asset-based method could increase tax revenues from CHBs in a generally progressive manner. Predictably, the shift would also raise the tax burden of skilled labor-intensive industries more than it would that of capital-intensive industries.
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The Muse in the Machine

Essays on Poetry and the Anatomy of the Body Politic

Author: T. R. Hummer

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 0820328030

Category: Poetry

Page: 214

View: 6837

Music, race, politics, and conscience. In these eight essays written over the span of a decade and a half, T. R. Hummer explains how, for him, such abiding concerns revolve around the practice of poetry and the evolution of a culturally responsible personal poetics. Hummer writes about the suicide of poet Vachel Lindsay, the culture wars at the National Endowment for the Arts, the 1991 Persian Gulf War, the divided soul of his native American South, and the salving, transcendent practice of musicianship. Inevitably entwined with a personal or cultural component, Hummer's criticism is thus grounded in experience that is always familiar and often straight to the heart in its rightness. In one of those statements of "poetic purpose" that goes hand in hand with a residency, guest editorship, or lecture tour, Hummer once wrote that "poetry inhabits and enunciates an incommensurable zone between individual and collective, between body and body politic, an area very ill-negotiated by most of us most of the time. Our culture, with its emphasis on the individual mind and body, teaches us very little about how even to think about the nature of this problem. . . . E pluribus unum is a smokescreen: what pluribus; what unum? And yet this phrase is an American mantra, as if it explained something." This is a quintessential Hummer moment: a writer has just given himself a good reason to quit. What Hummer knows must happen next is what The Muse in the Machine is all about.
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The Striking Cabbies of Cairo and Other Stories

Crafts and Guilds in Egypt, 1863-1914

Author: John T. Chalcraft

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791461433

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 285

View: 6093

Challenges existing views of crafts and service workers in Egypt in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
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The Colonial Craftsman

Author: Carl Bridenbaugh

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486144739

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 2004

DIVExcellent study examines lives and work of American cabinetmakers, silversmiths, pewterers, printers, painters, blacksmiths, many other artisans, before 1775. Work, home, school, play, much more. ". . . fascinating study . . ."—The New Yorker. 18 illus. References. /div
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