Target Volume Delineation for Conformal and Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy

Author: Nancy Y. Lee,Nadeem Riaz,Jiade J. Lu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331905726X

Category: Medical

Page: 541

View: 6112

This textbook is designed to help the busy radiation oncologist to accurately and confidently delineate tumor volumes for conformal radiation therapy (including IMRT). The book provides an atlas of clinical target volumes (CTVs) for commonly encountered cancers, with each chapter illustrating CTV delineation on a slice-by-slice basis, on planning CT images. Common anatomic variants for each tumor are represented in individual illustrations, with annotations highlighting differences in coverage. The anatomy of each site and patterns of lymphatic drainage are discussed, and their influence on the design of CTVs is explained in detail. Utilization of other imaging modalities, including MRI, to delineate volumes is highlighted. Key details of simulation and planning are briefly reviewed. Although the emphasis is on target volume delineation for conformal techniques, information is also provided on conventional radiation field setup and design when IMRT is not suitable.
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Target Volume Delineation and Field Setup

A Practical Guide for Conformal and Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy

Author: Nancy Y. Lee,Jiade J. Lu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642288596

Category: Medical

Page: 321

View: 7057

This handbook will enable radiation oncologists to appropriately and confidently select and delineate tumor volumes/fields for conformal radiation therapy, including intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), in patients with commonly encountered cancers. The orientation of this handbook is entirely practical, in that the focus is on the illustration of clinical target volume (CTV) delineation for each major malignancy. Each chapter provides guidelines and concise knowledge on treatment planning and CTV selection, explains how the anatomy of lymphatic drainage shapes target volume selection, and presents detailed illustrations of delineations, slice by slice, on planning CT images. While the emphasis is on target volume delineation for three-dimensional conformal therapy and IMRT, information is also provided on conventional radiation therapy field setup and planning for certain malignancies for which IMRT is not currently suitable.
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Practical Essentials of Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy

Author: K.S. Clifford Chao

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 1469830957

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 8959

The third edition of Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy was written to enhance the reader’s understanding of the cutting-edge technology of Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy. It is designed to both update old readers and inform new readers about the complexities and details of clinical management. This completely updated edition provides a step-by-step, practical approach to the use of IMRT in the evaluation and treatment of cancer patients. Because of IMRT’s ability to employ individually controlled beamlets, it is an extremely promising technique, especially when paired with CT, PET, and/or MRI. With these improved procedures, doctors and clinicians will be able to take high resolution images of tumors while minimizing dosages to surrounding tissue. In order to focus on the most up to date IMRT techniques, the introductory chapters have been condensed to provide a brief overview of IMRT physics, mechanics and quality assurance, and also CT and MR imaging. To help assist in clinical decision-making it provides the reader with more than 700 full-color illustrations, IMRT tables and clear, straightforward descriptions that address a range of tumor types and sites including head and neck, urinary, and gynecologic cancers.
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A Guide for Delineation of Lymph Nodal Clinical Target Volume in Radiation Therapy

Author: Giampiero Ausili Cefaro,Carlos A. Perez,Domenico Genovesi,Annamaria Vinciguerra

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540770445

Category: Medical

Page: 174

View: 5732

This book will facilitate the understanding of cross-sectional anatomy details and assist radiation oncologists in the difficult task of a detailed delineation of lymph node targets in multiple anatomical locations.
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Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy

Author: Simon S. Lo,Bin S. Teh,Jiade J. Lu,Tracey E. Schefter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364225604X

Category: Medical

Page: 421

View: 721

Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) has emerged as an important innovative treatment for various primary and metastatic cancers. This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of the physical/technological, biological, and clinical aspects of SBRT. It will serve as a detailed resource for this rapidly developing treatment modality. The organ sites covered include lung, liver, spine, pancreas, prostate, adrenal, head and neck, and female reproductive tract. Retrospective studies and prospective clinical trials on SBRT for various organ sites from around the world are examined, and toxicities and normal tissue constraints are discussed. This book features unique insights from world-renowned experts in SBRT from North America, Asia, and Europe. It will be necessary reading for radiation oncologists, radiation oncology residents and fellows, medical physicists, medical physics residents, medical oncologists, surgical oncologists, and cancer scientists.
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Radiation Therapy for Head and Neck Cancers

A Case-Based Review

Author: Murat Beyzadeoglu,Gokhan Ozyigit,Ugur Selek

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319104136

Category: Medical

Page: 244

View: 986

This evidence-based guide to the current management of cancer cases at all head and neck sites will assist in the appropriate selection and delineation of tumor volumes/fields for intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), including volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT). Each tumor site-related chapter presents, from the perspective of an academic expert, several actual cases at different stages in order to clarify specific clinical concepts. The coverage includes case presentation, a case-related literature review, patient preparation, simulation, contouring, treatment planning, treatment delivery, and follow-up. The text is accompanied by illustrations ranging from slice-by-slice delineations on planning CT images to finalized plan evaluations based on detailed acceptance criteria. The book will be of value for residents, fellows, practicing radiation oncologists, and medical physicists interested in clinical radiation oncology
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Clinical Target Volumes in Conformal and Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy

A Clinical Guide to Cancer Treatment

Author: Vincent Gregoire,Pierre Scalliet,Kie-Kian Ang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662062704

Category: Medical

Page: 248

View: 7251

Conformal radiation therapy represents a new challenge. It offers the prospect of either increasing the radiation dose to target tissues while delivering a similar dose to organs at risk, or reducing the dose to organs at risk while maintaining the dose to target tissues. First, lymph node areas at risk are established using the available data from pathological examination. Then, based on a three-dimensional description of the anatomical regions, guidelines for the delineation of the clinical target volumes are proposed. The data presented should enable the reader to make appropriate decisions regarding the selection and delineation of the target volumes when confronted with the most frequent tumor types and sites.
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Target Volume Delineation for Pediatric Cancers

Author: Stephanie Terezakis,Shannon MacDonald

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319691398

Category: Medical

Page: 269

View: 5546

This handbook is designed to provide the radiation oncologist with clear practical guidance in the delineation of tumor volumes and/or radiation fields for a wide variety of pediatric cancers, including the most frequently encountered malignancies of childhood. This is a guide to designing treatment fields and volumes that may be utilized in the delivery of conformal therapies such as intensity-modulated radiation therapy and proton therapy, the latter being particularly relevant in children. Each chapter focuses on a specific tumor type, providing general guidelines that will assist the reader in delineating the clinical target volume for particular presentations, including patterns of spread. As the target volumes can be complex, detailed illustrations are presented of the volumes in representative cases, contoured slice by slice on the planning CT images. In addition to target volume delineation for conformal treatment, field design setup for conventional approaches is also discussed.
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Re-Irradiation: New Frontiers

Author: Carsten Nieder,Johannes Langendijk

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319418254

Category: Medical

Page: 364

View: 2905

This book, now in its second edition, provides a comprehensive overview of current re-irradiation strategies, with detailed discussion of re-irradiation methods, technical aspects, the role of combined therapy with anticancer drugs and hyperthermia, and normal tissue tolerance. In addition, disease specific chapters document recent clinical results and future research directions. All chapters from the first edition have been revised and updated to take account of the latest developments and research findings, including those from prospective studies. Due attention is paid to the exciting developments in the fields of proton irradiation and frameless image-guided ablative radiotherapy. The book documents fully how refined combined modality approaches and significant technical advances in radiation treatment planning and delivery have facilitated the re-irradiation of previously exposed volumes, allowing both palliative and curative approaches to be pursued at various disease sites. Professionals involved in radiation treatment planning and multimodal oncology treatment will find it to be an invaluable aid in understanding the benefits and limitations of re-irradiation and in designing prospective trials.
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Target Volume Delineation and Treatment Planning for Particle Therapy

A Practical Guide

Author: Nancy Y. Lee,Jonathan E. Leeman,Oren Cahlon,Kevin Sine,Guoliang Jiang,Jiade J. Lu,Stefan Both

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319424785

Category: Medical

Page: 396

View: 6357

This handbook is designed to enable radiation oncologists to treat patients appropriately and confidently by means of particle therapy. The orientation and purpose are entirely practical, in that the focus is on the physics essentials of delivery and treatment planning , illustration of the clinical target volume (CTV) and associated treatment planning for each major malignancy when using particle therapy, proton therapy in particular. Disease-specific chapters provide guidelines and concise knowledge on CTV selection and delineation and identify aspects that require the exercise of caution during treatment planning. The treatment planning techniques unique to proton therapy for each disease site are clearly described, covering beam orientation, matching/patching field techniques, robustness planning, robustness plan evaluation, etc. The published data on the use of particle therapy for a given disease site are also concisely reported. In addition to fully meeting the needs of radiation oncologists, this "know why" and “know how” guide to particle therapy will be valuable for medical physicists, dosimetrists, and radiation therapists.
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Radiotherapy for Head and Neck Cancers: Indications and Techniques

Author: Adam S. Garden

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 1496367170

Category: Medical

Page: 480

View: 9450

Thoroughly updated to include all of the latest technology and treatment regimens, Radiotherapy for Head and Neck Cancers: Indications and Techniques, 5th Edition remains the reference of choice for radiation oncologists. Timely updates include an increased use of full-color images and significantly more digital content, bringing you fully up to date with state-of-the-art radiation therapy for head and neck cancer. The first section covers general principles, practical aspects of external beam therapy, patient care guidelines, and more, including a new chapter on general principles of target and normal tissue contouring; the second section discusses site-specific indications and techniques. Numerous illustrated case examples make this resource an excellent day-to-day reference for both residents and practitioners.
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Radiation Oncology

Imaging and Treatment

Author: David K. Gaffney,Christopher J. Anker,Dennis Shrieve

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 9781931884709

Category: Medical

Page: 808

View: 5921

While many textbooks discuss diagnostic imaging and/or the management of cancer, Radiation Oncology: Imaging and Treatment is the first imaging book devoted to the advanced use of all imaging modalities in radiation oncology; including CT, PET/CT, MR, SPECT, 4D, ultrasound, and planar radiography). Also included are images of possible radiotherapy complications. Published by Amirsys, a global leader in medical knowledge, this one-of-a-kind title incorporate pearls related to planning external beam, SRS, SBRT, IGRT, LDR and HDR brachytherapy. Essential to the practicing and training radiation oncologist is a section dedicated to representative pathology, including the tumors most common for specific sites as well as a section devoted to radiotherapy didactic information, which includes appropriate dosages, fractionation schemes, local control rates, overall survival, and more. This handsome volume equips radiation oncologists with the most essential knowledge for their field. FEATURES: · Detailed imaging information on the presentation of cancers, with an emphasis on cross-sectional imaging · Treatment planning guidelines (with isodose information for representative cases) · Clinical overviews for treating oncologists · Up-to-date 7th edition AJCC staging tables · Features the classic benefits of all Amirsys® titles, including time-saving bulleted text, Key Facts in each chapter, stunning annotated images, and an extensive index · Amirsys eBook Advantage(tm), an online version of the print book with hundreds of additional images, larger images, and fully searchable text
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Target Volume Definition in Radiation Oncology

Author: Anca Ligia Grosu,Carsten Nieder

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662459345

Category: Medical

Page: 349

View: 3952

The main objective of this book is to provide radiation oncologists with a clear, up-to-date guide to tumor delineation and contouring of organs at risk. With this in mind, a detailed overview of recent advances in imaging for radiation treatment planning is presented. Novel concepts for target volume delineation are explained, taking into account the innovations in imaging technology. Special attention is paid to the role of the newer imaging modalities, such as positron emission tomography and diffusion and perfusion magnetic resonance imaging. All of the most important tumor entities treated with radiation therapy are covered in the book. Each chapter is devoted to a particular tumor type and has been written by a recognized expert in that topic.
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Handbook of Evidence-Based Radiation Oncology

Author: Eric Hansen,Mack Roach III

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387929880

Category: Medical

Page: 790

View: 8895

Building on the success of this book's first edition, Dr. Eric Hansen and Dr. Mack Roach have updated, revised, and expanded the Handbook of Evidence-based Radiation Oncology, a portable reference that utilizes evidence-based medicine as the basis for practical treatment recommendations and guidelines. Organized by body site, concise clinical chapters provide easy access to critical information. Important "pearls" of epidemiology, anatomy, pathology, and clinical presentation are highlighted. Key facets of the work-up are listed, followed by staging and/or risk classification systems. Treatment recommendations are discussed based on stage, histology, and/or risk classification. Brief summaries of key trials and studies provide rationale for the recommendations. Practical guidelines for radiation techniques are described. Finally, complications and follow-up guidelines are outlined. Updates from the first edition include brand new color figures and color contouring mini-atlases for head and neck, gastrointestinal, prostate, and gynecological tumors; redesigned tables for increased readability; new chapters on management of the neck and unknown primary, clinical radiobiology, and pediatric malignancies and benign conditions; and new appendices including the American College of Radiology guidelines for administration of IV contrast.
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Gynecologic Radiation Oncology: A Practical Guide

Author: Patricia Eifel,Ann H. Klopp

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 1496362454

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 9623

Offering practical approaches to common clinical problems, Gynecologic Radiation Oncology: A Practical Guide compiles the extensive clinical experience of Drs. Patricia J. Eifel and Ann H. Klopp from MD Anderson Cancer Center into one user-friendly volume. This reference addresses practical aspects of the field: how to evaluate the role of radiation therapy in various clinical settings, how to explain the rationale for treatment recommendations to referring physicians and patients, when and how to apply various external beam and brachytherapy techniques to address specific clinical problems, and how to monitor and manage patients during and after treatment. The book focuses on the following items, which can have immediate application to the treatment of patients with gynecologic cancers.
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Step by Step Radiation Therapy: Treatment and Planning

Author: Arun Kumar Rathi

Publisher: JP Medical Ltd

ISBN: 9352501241

Category: Medical

Page: 300

View: 3550

Step by Step Radiation Therapy: Treatment and Planning is a practical guide to radiation therapy. The book covers basic principles, planning and delivery of radiation treatment in a step by step manner, including therapy for breast, gastrointestinal, thoracic, central nervous system, genitourinary, thyroid, bone and soft tissue tumours.The book provides iinformation on the most recent advances in the field of radiation therapy, enhanced by full colour illustrations throughout the book, making this an essential resource for postgraduate trainees and oncologists.
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Pocket Guide to Radiation Oncology

Author: Daniel Chamberlain, MD,James B. Yu, MD, MHS,Roy H. Decker, MD, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 1617052655

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 2688

Pocket Guide to Radiation Oncology is an efficient, no-frills guide to the basics of clinical radiation oncology. The chapters are packed with clinical pearls and tables covering treatment options, doses, side effects, target delineations, treatment planning, and other essentials. Chapters are organized by site-specific disease. Each chapter presents the must-know key points, including treatment options by stage, relevant technical considerations, and important items for follow-ups. This crucial material makes the book an ideal companion for the practicing physician during rounds and other clinical settings. The book's organized format also lends itself to quick review for the board or MOC exams, and it can serve as a handy reference during a case review at a tumor board. Key Features: The outline format and wealth of succinct tables make this a great quick reference Each chapter concludes with a list of selected, summarized studies relevant to the disease 51 disease-based chapters make it easy to find particular sites without having to sift through dense, broad text Supplemental sections at the end of the book provide quick access to normal tissue tolerance constraints as well as recommendations for managing symptoms after radiation therapy
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Radiation Therapy Techniques and Treatment Planning for Breast Cancer

Author: Jennifer R. Bellon,Julia S. Wong,Shannon M. MacDonald,Alice Y. Ho

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319403923

Category: Medical

Page: 158

View: 1735

This book addresses the day-to-day treatment planning issues that radiation oncologists are likely to encounter during the treatment of breast cancer patients and provides numerous practical “tips” that will assist in navigation of the treatment planning process, from delineation of the tumor boundaries to discrimination of adjacent normal tissues and critical structures at risk of radiation injury. Differences in target delineation and treatment planning according to technique are emphasized, with coverage of conventional radiation therapy and advanced techniques including cardiac-sparing approaches, e.g., using active breathing control, intensity-modulated radiation therapy, proton beam therapy, and electron beam therapy post mastectomy. Individual chapters also focus on radiation setup and verification techniques and radiation treatment planning systems. The book, which is part of the Springer series Practical Guides in Radiation Oncology, is designed for hands-on use by radiation oncology residents/fellows in training and practicing radiation oncologists.
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Radiation Oncology Review for Boards and MOC

Author: Tithi Biswas, MD,George Rodrigues, MD FRCPC MSc

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 1617052280

Category: Medical

Page: 472

View: 7747

Radiation Oncology Review for Boards and MOC is a singular study guide, written for those who are preparing for the American Board of Radiology certification exam or maintenance exam. The authors provide a concise, targeted overview of the key knowledge within each clinical area of radiation oncology practice, as well as to related topics that are relevant to practice and are covered on examinations. Chapters span the relevant disease site and subspecialty areas including gastrointestinal, gynecologic, genitourinary, breast, soft tissue and bone, pediatric, central nervous system, head and neck, skin, lung/ thoracic, and hematologic malignancies. The chapters detail the latest research and statistics, along with essential clinical knowledge on staging, management considerations, treatment planning and simulation, toxicity, follow up and outcomes that will be tested during the certification and recertification exams. Each chapter includes a focused practice test with multiple-choice questions and answers, which contain rationales and references. Two full practice exams appear at the end of the book. Ideal for first-time test-takers and recertification candidates alike, the bulleted, straightforward format will help anyone preparing for the boards or MOC recall their existing, specialized knowledge, and sharpen their skills in other areas of radiation oncology. KEY FEATURES: Includes two comprehensive practice tests that assess your knowledge of all disease sites and subtopics Reviews palliative care in several site-specific chapters Presents other related topics crucial to the exam, including biostatistics
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