Environmental Systems

An Introductory Text

Author: I. D. White,D. N. Mottershead,Steven John Harrison,S. J. Harrison

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780748740819

Category: Science

Page: 616

View: 7856

Using energy flow and mass transfer as unifying themes, the discussion is set in a thermodynamic perspective.
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Spatial Analysis in Health Geography

Author: Pavlos Kanaroglou,Eric Delmelle

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317051580

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 3160

Presenting current research on spatial epidemiology, this book covers topics such as exposure, chronic disease, infectious disease, accessibility to health care settings and new methods in Geographical Information Science and Systems. For epidemiologists, and for the management and administration of health care settings, it is critical to understand the spatial dynamics of disease. For instance, it is crucial that hospital administrators develop an understanding of the flow of patients over time, especially during an outbreak of a particular disease, so they can plan for appropriate levels of staffing and to carry out adaptive prevention measures. Furthermore, understanding where and why a disease occurs at a certain geographic location is vital for decision makers to formulate policy to increase the accessibility to health services (either by prevention, or adding new facilities). Spatial epidemiology relies increasingly on new methodologies, such as clustering algorithms, visualization and space-time modelling, the domain of Geographic Information Science. Implementation of those techniques appears at an increasing pace in commercial Geographic Information Systems, alongside more traditional techniques that are already part of such systems. This book provides the latest methods in GI Science and their use in health related problems.
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Transportation

A Geographical Analysis

Author: William Richard Black

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781572308480

Category: Science

Page: 375

View: 4238

This comprehensive text provides an authoritative introduction to transportation geography. With a primary focus on the United States, the volume also examines problems and trends in Europe and other parts of the developed world. Students gain a solid grasp of the history, definitions, and core concepts of the field, as well as models for analyzing transportation networks and flows between regions. Environmental, economic, and social issues in transportation planning and policy are addressed, and the uses of geographic information systems in transport (GIS-T) are discussed in detail. Written in a clear, straightforward style, the volume emphasizes real-world applications of the concepts discussed and identifies promising directions for future research. No advanced mathematical knowledge on the part of the reader is assumed. Key Features No other comprehensive text covers transportation geography from a North American perspective. Black is experienced and respected for his innovation. Will interest public and regional planners as well as geographers. Covers all the basics, analytical methods, and policy implications.
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Research Methods in Geography

A Critical Introduction

Author: Basil Gomez,John Paul Jones, III

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405107103

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 3139

This comprehensive textbook offers a conceptual and practical introduction to research methodology, data collection, and techniques used in both human and physical geography. Explores a full range of contemporary geographic techniques, including statistics, mathematical analysis, GIS, and remote sensing Unique in both content and organization, it brings together a team of internationally recognized specialists to create a balanced approach between physical geography, human geography, and research techniques Includes a series of foundational chapters offering multiple perspectives on the central questions in research methods Examines the conceptual frameworks and practical issues behind data acquisition and analysis, and how to interpret results Includes explanations of key terminology and exercises throughout
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Systems Approaches and Their Application

Examples from Sweden

Author: Mats-Olov Olsson,Gunnar Sjöstedt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402023699

Category: Computers

Page: 340

View: 4318

Within a conceptual framework that is developed in the two first chapters, the actual application of systems thinking is described across a broad field of cases representing research, teaching, decision support and construction. All cases are presented by experts who have actually been involved in the activities they describe. Thus, the broad selection of cases captures the great variation of systems thinking and how it is integrated into models and theories and solid knowledge pertaining to different substantive areas. At the same time all case study authors address the same set of questions that are developed in the conceptual chapters. This gives comparability across cases - chapters - and brings cohesion to the book. The focus on Sweden, an advanced country in systems thinking, reinforces the unitary context in which comparison can be made between a systems approach for better research (theory), better practice and better design and construction. Most recent literature on systems thinking has a general (often philosophical) perspective, concerns computer systems or focuses on one highly specific problem. A special feature of this book is that, while it concerns a single nation, it simultaneously contains a broad overview of systems analysis in a number of important issue areas, for research as well as practice, against a penetrating background description of what systems analysis is, how it functions, what problems it represents and what results it may produce. The book is intended for a broad readership and can be appreciated by experts on systems thinking and analysis as well as by students, teachers, researchers, planners and policy makers who want to learn more about this topic. The book should be useful in university teaching in several disciplines.
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Science, Philosophy and Physical Geography

Author: Robert Inkpen

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415279543

Category: Education

Page: 164

View: 1786

This accessible and engaging text explores the relationship between philosophy, science and physical geography. It addresses an imbalance that exists in opinion, teaching and to a lesser extent research, between a philosophically enriched human geography and a perceived philosophically ignorant physical geography. Science, Philosophy and Physical Geography, challenges the myth that there is a single self-evident scientific method, that can and is applied in a straightforward manner by physical geographers. It demonstrates the variety of alternative philosophical perspectives. Furthermore it emphasizes the difference that the real world geographical context and the geographer make to the study of environmental phenomenon. This includes a consideration of the dynamic relationship between human and physical geography. Finally, it demonstrates the relevance of philosophy for both an understanding of published material and for the design and implementation of studies in physical geography. Key themes such as global warming, species and evolution and fluvial geomorphology are used to provide illustrations of key concepts in each chapter. Further reading is provided at the end of each chapter.
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Rediscovering Geography

New Relevance for Science and Society

Author: Rediscovering Geography Committee,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309577624

Category: Education

Page: 241

View: 4013

As political, economic, and environmental issues increasingly spread across the globe, the science of geography is being rediscovered by scientists, policymakers, and educators alike. Geography has been made a core subject in U.S. schools, and scientists from a variety of disciplines are using analytical tools originally developed by geographers. Rediscovering Geography presents a broad overview of geography's renewed importance in a changing world. Through discussions and highlighted case studies, this book illustrates geography's impact on international trade, environmental change, population growth, information infrastructure, the condition of cities, the spread of AIDS, and much more. The committee examines some of the more significant tools for data collection, storage, analysis, and display, with examples of major contributions made by geographers. Rediscovering Geography provides a blueprint for the future of the discipline, recommending how to strengthen its intellectual and institutional foundation and meet the demand for geographic expertise among professionals and the public.
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A Geography of Russia and Its Neighbors

Author: Mikhail S. Blinnikov

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1606239201

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 4482

Comprehensive and authoritative, this text offers an accessible introduction to post-Soviet Eurasia. Students get a solid grounding in the physical, cultural, political, and economic geography of this rapidly changing region. Core thematic chapters focus primarily on Russia but also incorporate relevant information on the other 14 former Soviet republics. Regional chapters provide concise discussions of each republic and of Russia's main regions. Student-friendly features include engaging vignettes, review questions, exercises, recommendations for further reading, and Internet resources. The volume's over 200 original maps, photographs, and other figures are also available as PowerPoint slides at the companion website.
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WorldMinds: Geographical Perspectives on 100 Problems

Commemorating the 100th Anniversary of the Association of American Geographers 1904–2004

Author: Donald G. Janelle,Barney Warf,Kathy Hansen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402023529

Category: Social Science

Page: 638

View: 7317

WorldMinds provides broad exposure to a geography that is engaged with discovery, interpretation, and problem solving. Its 100 succinct chapters demonstrate the theories, methods, and data used by geographers, and address the challenges posed by issues such as globalization, regional and ethnic conflict, environmental hazards, terrorism, poverty, and sustainable development. Through its theoretical and practical applications, we are reminded that the study of Geography informs policy making.
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Introductory Readings In Geographic Information Systems

Author: D J Peuquet,D F Marble

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203393244

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 371

View: 1353

Even though Geographic Information Systems GIS have been available for over 20 years, they have only recently become accessible to geographers and others as a useful tool in spacial analysis. This is a sampling of basic principles of GIS, as well as
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Applied Geography

Principles and Practice : an Introduction to Useful Research in Physical, Environmental and Human Geography

Author: Michael Pacione

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415182683

Category: Science

Page: 632

View: 4126

Offering an introduction to useful research in physical, environmental and human geography, this text provides a new focus and reference point for investigating and understanding problem-orientated research.
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Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century

Author: Gary L. Gaile,Cort J. Willmott

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199295869

Category: Reference

Page: 820

View: 1326

Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century surveys American geographers' current research in their specialty areas and tracks trends and innovations in the many subfields of geography. As such, it is both a 'state of the discipline' assessment and a topical reference. It includes an introduction by the editors and 47 chapters, each on a specific specialty. The authors of each chapter were chosen by their specialty group of the American Association of Geographers (AAG). Based on a process of review and revision, the chapters in this volume have become truly representative of the recent scholarship of American geographers. While it focuses on work since 1990, it additionally includes related prior work and work by non-American geographers. The initial Geography in America was published in 1989 and has become a benchmark reference of American geographical research during the 1980s. This latest volume is completely new and features a preface written by the eminent geographer, Gilbert White.
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Choice

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 3606

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Progress in Political Geography (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Michael Pacione

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134597614

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 6598

Since the 1970s, the field of political geography has undergone a significant transformation, where new methodologies have been implemented to investigate the exercise of the power of the state within the urban environment. First published in 1985, the essays in this collection addressed the growing need to assess the academic revisions that had been taking place and provide a reference point for future developments in the discipline. Still of great relevance, the essays consider the most prominent themes in areas of key importance to political geography, including theory and methodology, minority groups, local government and the geography of elections. This volume will be of significant value for students of political geography, urban demography and town planning.
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Modelling Scale in Geographical Information Science

Author: Nicholas Tate,Peter M. Atkinson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471985464

Category: Science

Page: 277

View: 6202

This text is concerned with the subject of spatial scale in the context of geographical research using GIS (Geographical Information Systems) and provides an overview of the subject.
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