Symbols in Action

Ethnoarchaeological Studies of Material Culture

Author: Ian Hodder

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521241762

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 6751

Material culture - the objects made by man - provides the primary data from which archaeologists have to infer the economies, technologies, social organization and ritual practices of extinct societies. The analysis and interpretation ofmaterial culture is therefore central to any concern with archaeological theory and methodology, and in order to understand better the relationship between material culture and human behaviour, archaeologists need to draw upon models derived from the study of ethnographic societies. First published in 1982, this book presents the results of a series of field investigations carried out in Kenya, Zambia and the Sudan into the 'archaeological' remains and material culture of contemporary small-scale societies, and demonstrates the way in which objects are used as symbols within social action and within particular world views and ideologies.
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Schlüsselbegriffe der Prähistorischen Archäologie

Author: Doreen Mölders,Sabine Wolfram

Publisher: Waxmann Verlag

ISBN: 3830981767

Category: History

Page: 404

View: 1106

Kritisch, konzentriert, kompetent - insgesamt 57 Schlüsselbegriffe von A wie Archäologie bis Z wie Zentralorte werden in diesem Nachschlagewerk von 46 Experten in kurzen Essays sachkundig und inspirierend zugleich vorgestellt. Dabei werden die Grenzen des Faches weit überschritten und die Beziehungen zwischen den Disziplinen offengelegt. Das Buch gewährt Studierenden und Wissenschaftlern der Archäologien im engeren und der Kulturwissenschaften im weiteren Sinne einen Einblick in die Konzepte der modernen Prähistorischen Archäologie. Die einzelnen Beiträge liefern darüber hinaus zahlreiche Ideen sowie Literaturhinweise für weiterführende Studien.
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Religion, Material Culture and Archaeology

Author: Julian Droogan

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441195777

Category: Religion

Page: 196

View: 1087

Charts a new understanding of the materiality of religion, by drawing on the field of archaeological theory and method.
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Human Expeditions

Inspired by Bruce Trigger

Author: Stephen Chrisomalis,André Costopoulos

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442664568

Category: Social Science

Page: 316

View: 3707

In its 2007 obituary of Bruce Trigger (1937–2006), the Times of London referred to the Canadian anthropologist and archaeologist as “Canada’s leading prehistorian” and “one of the most influential archaeologists of his time.” Trained at Yale University and a faculty member at McGill University for more than forty years, he was best known for his History of Archaeological Thought, which the Times called “monumental.” Trigger inspired scholars all over the world through his questioning of assumptions and his engagement with social and political causes. Human Expeditions pays tribute to Trigger’s immense legacy by bringing together cutting edge work from internationally recognized and emerging researchers inspired by his example. Covering the length and breadth of Trigger’s wide-ranging interests – from Egyptology to the history of archaeological theory to North American aboriginal cultures – this volume highlights the diversity of his academic work and the magnitude of his impact in many different areas of scholarship.
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Critically Reading the Theory and Methods of Archaeology

An Introductory Guide

Author: Guy Gibbon

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 075912342X

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 1632

Critically Reading the Theory and Methods of Archaeology stands out as the most thorough and practical guide to the essential critical reading and writing skills that all students, instructors, and practitioners should have. It provides priceless insight for the here and now of the Theory and Methods of Archaeology classes and for a lifetime of reading, learning, teaching, and writing. Chapters focus on rigorous reasoning skills, types of argument, the main research orientations in archaeology, the basic procedural framework that underlies all schools of archaeology, and issues in archaeology raised by skeptical postmodernists.
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Spuren und Botschaften

Interpretationen materieller Kultur

Author: Ulrich Veit

Publisher: Waxmann Verlag

ISBN: 9783830912293

Category: Material culture

Page: 566

View: 3661

Interpretation von Sachquellen - Altertumswissenschaften - Soziologie - materielle Kultur - Archäologie - Dinge als Zeichen - sozialer Raum - archäologische Erkenntnis.
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Symbolic and Structural Archaeology

Author: Ian Hodder

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521035503

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

View: 3969

This volume presents a searching critique of the more traditional archaeological methodologies and interpretation strategies and lays down a firm philosophical and theoretical basis for symbolist and structuralist studies in archaeology. A variety of procedures, ranging from ethnoarchaeological studies and computing techniques to formal studies of artefact design variability, are utilized to provide models for archaeologists within the proposed framework and the theory and models are then applied to a range of archaeological analyses. This particular approach sees all human actions as being meaningfully constituted within a social and cultural framework. Material culture is not simply an adaptive tool, but is structured according to sets of underlying principles which give meaning to, and derive meanings from, the social world. Thus structural regularities are shown to link seemingly disparate aspects of material culture, from funerary monuments to artefact design, from the use of space in settlements, to the form of economic practices.
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The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191650390

Category: Social Science

Page: 872

View: 3327

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.
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BABESCH

bulletin antieke beschaving

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 1198

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Historical Archaeology and the Study of American Culture

Author: Lu Ann De Cunzo,Bernard L. Herman

Publisher: Winterthur Museum

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 497

View: 3689

In this volume of essays, historical archaeologists and scholars from a variety of other fields explore creative approaches to material culture as a form of cultural expression. The essays, derived from papers first presented at the 1991 Winterthur Conference, emphasize material culture's communicative qualities; its roles in social performance, the construction of identity, and the mediation of interaction; and its interpretive limitations. A special concern with contexts in their myriad forms resonates throughout the volume. The contributors not only describe time and place but they seek the intimate social and symbolic details of human agency in all their diversity. The essays reveal how dynamic archaeological thinking can appeal to a broader audience. The first section, "Construction of Context: Negotiating Consumer Culture", groups six essays that foreground people and their choices in diverse consumer contexts. The authors examine the ways that material culture illuminates the cultural dialogues between New England's native peoples and European traders, urbane Virginians and their "country cousins", Southern slaves and their owners, agrarian potters and industrial capitalists, and nineteenth-century Americans and the brokers of consumer culture. In the second section, "'In the Active Voice': Remaking the American Landscape", the attention shifts from people to the land they inhabited and changed. Through close reading of multiple data sources at many scales, from microscopic pollen grains to urban plans, the authors of these four essays trace the remaking of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century American farms and cities. In the third section, "Working toward Meaning: The Scopeof Historical Archaeology", the authors work outward from the preceding studies, directly engaging the reader in the process of reinventing historical archaeology. Together with the other contributions to this volume, these three concluding essays demonstrate the important place of historical archaeology in the interdisciplinary arena of material culture studies.
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Grave Matters

Eight Studies of First Millennium AD Burials in Crimea, England and Southern Scandinavia : Papers from a Session Held at the European Association of Archaeologists Fourth Annual Meeting in Göteborg 1998

Author: European Association of Archaeologists. Meeting

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: 9781841710013

Category: Social Science

Page: 110

View: 4205

This collection of papers is taken from a session entitled Provincial Roman and Germanic burials in the first millennium AD , held at the European Association of Archaeologists Fourth Annual Meeting in Göteborg in 1998. The papers deal with Scythian cemeteries in Crimea, burials in Anglo-Saxon England and southern Scandinavia between the middle and second half of the first millennium AD. The overall theme running through the papers is the presence of ethnicity and social status seen through material culture and burial customs.
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Home

A Time Traveller's Tales from Britain's Prehistory

Author: Francis Pryor

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141971339

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 4929

In Home Francis Pryor, author of The Making of the British Landscape, archaeologist and broadcaster, takes us on his lifetime's quest: to discover the origins of family life in prehistoric Britain Francis Pryor's search for the origins of our island story has been the quest of a lifetime. In Home, the Time Team expert explores the first nine thousand years of life in Britain, from the retreat of the glaciers to the Romans' departure. Tracing the settlement of domestic communities, he shows how archaeology enables us to reconstruct the evolution of habits, traditions and customs. But this, too, is Francis Pryor's own story: of his passion for unearthing our past, from Yorkshire to the west country, Lincolnshire to Wales, digging in freezing winters, arid summers, mud and hurricanes, through frustrated journeys and euphoric discoveries. Evocative and intimate, Home shows how, in going about their daily existence, our prehistoric ancestors created the institution that remains at the heart of the way we live now: the family. 'Under his gaze, the land starts to fill with tribes and clans wandering this way and that, leaving traces that can still be seen today . . . Pryor feels the land rather than simply knowing it' - Guardian Former president of the Council for British Archaeology, Dr Francis Pryor has spent over thirty years studying our prehistory. He has excavated sites as diverse as Bronze Age farms, field systems and entire Iron Age villages. He appears frequently on TV's Time Team and is the author of The Making of the British Landscape, Seahenge, as well as Britain BC and Britain AD, both of which he adapted and presented as Channel 4 series.
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