Sicherheitskritische Mensch-Computer-Interaktion

Interaktive Technologien und Soziale Medien im Krisen- und Sicherheitsmanagement

Author: Christian Reuter

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658195231

Category: Computers

Page: 645

View: 7209

Dieses Lehr- und Fachbuch gibt eine fundierte und praxisbezogene Einführung sowie einen Überblick über Grundlagen, Methoden und Anwendungen der Mensch-Computer-Interaktion im Kontext von Sicherheit, Notfällen, Krisen, Katastrophen, Krieg und Frieden. Dies adressierend werden interaktive, mobile, ubiquitäre und kooperative Technologien sowie Soziale Medien vorgestellt. Hierbei finden klassische Themen wie benutzbare (IT-)Sicherheit, Industrie 4.0, Katastrophenschutz, Medizin und Automobil, aber auch Augmented Reality, Crowdsourcing, Shitstorm Management, Social Media Analytics und Cyberwar ihren Platz. Methodisch wird das Spektrum von Usable Safety- bis Usable Security Engineering von Analyse über Design bis Evaluation abgedeckt. Das Buch eignet sich ebenso als Lehrbuch für Studierende wie als Handbuch für Wissenschaftler, Designer, Entwickler und Anwender.
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Terrorism and Insurgency in Asia

A contemporary examination of terrorist and separatist movements

Author: Benjamin Schreer,Andrew T. H. Tan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 042963224X

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 9112

The rise of the Islamic State since 2014 has led to the re-emergence of terrorism as a serious security threat in Asia. Coupled with the ongoing terrorism and insurgency challenges from both radical religious extremists and also ethno-nationalist insurgencies, it is clear that some parts of Asia remain mired in armed rebellion despite decades of nation-building. While the situation in Afghanistan and Pakistan has obviously deteriorated, there is also a growing terrorist challenge, on top of armed insurgencies, in other parts of Asia. A common theme in armed rebellions in the region has been the lack of legitimacy of the state and the presence of fundamental causes stemming from political, economic or social grievances. Addressing rebellion in the region thus requires a comprehensive approach involving transnational co-operation, addressing fundamental grievances, and also the use of more innovative approaches, such as religious rehabilitation and reconciliation programmes.
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Troikanomics

Austerity, Autonomy and Existential Crisis in the European Union

Author: Ray Kinsella,Maurice Kinsella

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319970704

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 217

View: 1243

The ‘Troika’ is a word that is scorched into the narrative of the EU’s banking and economic crisis – a triumvirate constituted by the European Central Bank, the European Commission and the International Monetary Fund. The modus operandi of the Troika is defined by the authors of this book as ‘Troikanomics’. Ostensibly, the role of the Troika was to develop, coordinate and oversee the provision of conditional funding to support national governments in restructuring their economies. In fact, their power and influence extended far more widely. They enforced an unprecedentedly severe austerity programme of fiscal and structural adjustment through oppressive political oversight. Their practical impact was to impose on debtor countries in the EU periphery the single greatest economic and social dislocation in Europe’s recent history, thus corroding their autonomous capacities and enfeebling their national sovereignty. The Troika’s word was law in those countries where its writ ran – Greece, Ireland, Cyprus, and to a more limited extent, Spain. It was answerable only to a trio of unelected organisations, far removed from the consequences of its policies on the lives of citizens. Widespread socio-political reaction to Troikanomics gave shape to the anti-austerity movement across the EU, characterised by the centre as ‘Populism’. This book provides a timely response to the revisionist argument that there is no longer a ‘crisis’ in Europe. In their innovative analysis, the authors argue that Troikanomics is a manifestation of a deeper existential crisis within the EU that encompasses the centralisation of power, Brexit, Europe’s ominous militarisation and the progressive abandonment of its foundational values.
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Trust in Nuclear Disarmament Verification

Author: Wyn Q. Bowen,Hassan Elbahtimy,Christopher Hobbs,Matthew Moran

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319409883

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 8904

This book explores how human factors, in particular the contested notion of trust, influence the conduct and practice of arms control verification. In the nuclear arena, disarmament verification is often viewed purely in terms of a dispassionate, scientific process. Yet this view is fundamentally flawed since the technical impossibility of 100 per cent verification opens the door to a host of complex issues and questions regarding the process and its outcomes. Central among these is the fact that those involved in any verification inspection process must inevitably conduct their work in a space that falls well short of absolute certainty. The lines between scientific enquiry and human psychology can become blurred and outcomes have the potential to be influenced by perceptions. Drawing on extensive empirical evidence, the authors explore the complex interplay between evidence-based judgements and perceptions of intentions that frames the science of verification. The book provides new insights into the role and influence of human factors in the verification process, shedding light on this ‘blind spot’ of verification research. It is an invaluable resource for practitioners, academics and students working in arms control and disarmament.
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Fear and Uncertainty in Europe

The Return to Realism?

Author: Roberto Belloni,Vincent Della Sala,Paul Viotti

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319919652

Category: Political Science

Page: 292

View: 5546

Russia’s intervention in the Ukraine, Donald Trump’s presidency and instability in the Middle East are just a few of the factors that have brought an end to the immediate post-Cold War belief that a new international order was emerging: one where fear and uncertainty gave way to a thick normative and institutional architecture that diminished the importance of material power. This has raised questions about the instruments we use to understand order in Europe and in international relations. The chapters in this book aim to assess whether foreign policy actors in Europe understand the international system and behave as realists. They ask what drives their behaviour, how they construct material capabilities and to what extent they see material power as the means to ensure survival. They contribute to a critical assessment of realism as a way to understand both Europe’s current predicament and the contemporary international system.
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Arab Spring and Arab Women

Author: Muhamad Olimat

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317937376

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 7108

This volume examines the role of Arab women in Arab Spring and their contribution to the ongoing process of change sweeping the region. The book begins with an examination of the process of democratization and its impediments in the Arab World since the Second World War. It then looks at the conditions that led to the upsurge of the so-called Arab Spring. Finally, it underscores women’s role as participants, organizers, leaders, but also as victims. The main thesis of the book is that while Arab women were an integral part of the revolutionary efforts within the Arab Spring paradigm, they did not benefit from their sacrifices. Although they continue to be part of the process of change, their gains, rights and scope for participation are still limited. If the expansion of women’s participation and the scope of their rights do not seem to be a priority for revolutionary forces, women have made remarkable achievements, especially in some Arab Spring countries such as Yemen and Libya. The book includes case studies of some Arab Spring countries and other countries influenced by developments: Egypt, Bahrain, Kuwait, Libya, Yemen, Algeria, Jordan, Morocco and Saudi Arabia. It calls on revolutionary and reformist forces to give special attention to issues related to Arab women, as they are an indispensable pillar in the process of reform, development, peace and stability in the Middle East.
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Burma Redux

Global Justice and the Quest for Political Reform in Myanmar

Author: Ian Holliday

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231504241

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 3502

Contemporary Myanmar faces a number of political challenges, and it is unclear how other nations should act in relation to the country. Prioritizing the opinions of local citizens and reading them against the latest scholarship on this issue, Ian Holliday affirms the importance of foreign interests in Myanmar's democratic awakening, yet only through committed, grassroots strategies of engagement encompassing foreign states, international aid agencies, and global corporations. Holliday supports his argument by using multiple sources and theories, particularly ones that take historical events, contemporary political and social investigations, and global justice literature into account, as well as studies that focus on the effects of democratic transition, the aid industry, and socially responsible corporate investing and sanctions. One of the only volumes to apply broad-ranging global justice theories to a real-world nation in flux, Burma Redux will appeal to professionals researching Burma/Myanmar; political advisers and advocacy groups; nonspecialists interested in Southeast Asian politics and society and the local and international problems posed by pariah states; general readers who seek a richer understanding of the country beyond journalistic accounts; and the Burmese people themselves—both within the country and in diaspora. Burma Redux is also the first book-length study on the nation to be completed after the contentious general elections of 2010.
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War, Peace, Survival

Global Politics and Conceptual Synthesis

Author: Robert Carver North

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: International organization.

Page: 298

View: 8185

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Hedley Bull and the Accommodation of Power

Author: R. Ayson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137291508

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 2144

Offering a comprehensive account of the work of Hedley Bull, Ayson analyses the breadth of Bull's work as a Foreign Office official for Harold Wilson's government, the complexity of his views, including Bull's unpublished papers, and challenges some of the comfortable assertions about Bull's place in the English School of IR.
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NATO and Weapons of Mass Destruction

Regional Alliance, Global Threats

Author: Eric Terzuolo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134180993

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 5217

NATO was hugely successful in facing off the Soviet Union during the Cold War. But has it been equally successful in addressing the "new threats" of the post-Cold War era? This new study assesses the organization’s political and military initiatives, and how its outreach to Russia, Ukraine, and other countries in the Euro-Atlantic and Mediterranean regions, devoted considerable attention to WMD proliferation risks. It also probes the political factors, both inside and outside NATO, as well as resource constraints, which have limited the alliance's "added value" in the international community's effort to combat proliferation. The events of 11 September 2001 and bitter intra-alliance controversy over the 2003 Iraq intervention have highlighted questions regarding NATO's future role, and even its continued viability. This is a serious reflection on how the alliance should figure in the fight against WMD and terrorist threats and an examination of today’s key issues, including the use of force in international relations and the possibility of constructing new, post-Cold War collective security rules. This is the first study to evaluate, critically and in-depth, how a long-standing security organization has adapted - and must continue to adapt - to the global security challenges of our time. This book will be of great interest to all students and scholars of international politics, military history and all readers interested in the future of NATO and international security.
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China and International Institutions

Alternate Paths to Global Power

Author: Marc Lanteigne

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134214022

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 3619

China has shifted its foreign policy from one that avoided engagement in international organizations to one that is now embracing them. These moves present a new challenge to international relations theory. How will the global community be affected by the engagement of this massive global power with international institutions? This new study explores why China has chosen to abandon its previous doctrine of institutional isolation and details how it is currently unable to balance American power unilaterally and details an indirect path to greater power. In addition, it includes the first major analysis of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, comprising China, Russia and most of Central Asia. In contrast to many works on the "rise of China" question, which place an emphasis on her material goods and powers, this book delivers a new approach. It shows how the unique barriers Beijing is facing are preventing the country from taking the traditional paths of territorial expansion and political-economic domination in order to develop as a great power. One of these barriers is the United States and its inherent military and economic strength. The other is the existence of nuclear weapons, which makes direct great power conflict unacceptably costly. China has therefore opted for a new path, using institutions as stepping stones to great power status. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of international relations, world politics, world history and Asia.
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International Environmental Law, Policy, and Ethics

Author: Alexander Gillespie

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191022470

Category: Law

Page: 278

View: 6568

This second edition of International Environmental Law, Policy, and Ethics revises and expands this groundbreaking study into the question of why the environment is protected in the international arena. This question is rarely asked because it is assumed that each member of the international community wants to achieve the same ends. However, in his innovative study of international environmental ethics, Alexander Gillespie explodes this myth. He shows how nations, like individuals, create environmental laws and policies which are continually inviting failure, as such laws can often be riddled with inconsistencies, and be ultimately contradictory in purpose. Specifically, he seeks a nexus between the reasons why nations protect the environment, how these reasons are reflected in law and policy, and what complications arise from these choices. This book takes account of the numerous developments in international environmental law and policy that have taken place the publication of the first edition, most notably at the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development and the 2012 'Rio + 20' United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development. Furthermore, it addresses recent debates on the economic value of nature, and the problems of the illegal trade in species and toxic waste. The cultural context has also been considerably advanced in the areas of both intangible and tangible heritage, with increasing attention being given to conservation, wildlife management, and the notion of protected areas. The book investigates the ways in which progress has been made regarding humane trapping and killing of animals, and how, in contrast, the Great Apes initiative, and similar work with whales, have failed. Finally, the book addresses the fact that while the notion of ecosystem management has been embraced by a number of environmental regimes, it has thus far failed as an international philosophy.
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Great Games, Local Rules

The New Great Power Contest in Central Asia

Author: Alexander Cooley

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199978581

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 3933

The struggle between Russia and Great Britain over Central Asia in the nineteenth century was the original "great game." But in the past quarter century, a new "great game" has emerged, pitting America against a newly aggressive Russia and a resource-hungry China, all struggling for influence over the same region, now one of the most volatile areas in the world: the long border region stretching from Iran through Pakistan to Kashmir. In Great Games, Local Rules, Alexander Cooley, one of America's most respected international relations scholars, explores the dynamics of the new competition for control of the region since 9/11. All three great powers have crafted strategies to increase their power in the area, which includes Afghanistan and the former Soviet republics of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Kazakhstan. Each nation is pursuing important goals: basing rights for the US, access to natural resources for the Chinese, and increased political influence for the Russians. However, overlooked in all of the talk about this new great game is fact that the Central Asian governments have proven themselves critical agents in their own right, establishing local rules for external power involvement that serve to fend off foreign interest. As a result, despite a decade of intense interest from the United States, Russia, and China, Central Asia remains a collection of segmented states, and the external competition has merely reinforced the sovereign authority of the individual Central Asian governments. A careful and surprising analysis of how small states interact with great powers in a vital region, Great Games, Local Rules greatly advances our understanding of how global politics actually works in the contemporary era.
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Political Autonomy and Divided Societies

Imagining Democratic Alternatives in Complex Settings

Author: Alain-G Gagnon,Michael Keating

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230365329

Category: Political Science

Page: 273

View: 3210

An all star cast of academic experts offer an important and timely analysis of the pursuit of autonomy. They argue that it is key to move beyond the primarily normative debate about the rights or wrongs of autonomous regions on the basis of cultural concerns, instead focusing on understanding what makes autonomy function successfully.
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The United Nations and Changing World Politics

Author: Thomas George Weiss

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813399621

Category: World politics

Page: 320

View: 7183

Using insights from their practical as well as academic experience with the UN, the authors--diverse political scientists--show how the UN has influenced norms and operations in three key areas--security, human rights, and sustainable development--and provide recommendations for improved UN performance in the future.
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International Relations and World Politics

Security, Economy, Identity

Author: Paul R. Viotti,Mark V. Kauppi

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 528

View: 9914

"International Relations and World Politics: Security, Economy, Identity, Second Edition," by "Paul R. Viotti" and" and "Mark V. Kauppi," connects the concepts, theories, and events of international relations to the lives of students like no other text. Beginning with a clear and concise historical review and concluding with current topics such as global environmental concerns and human rights, Viotti and Kauppi clearly show the students how international relations does influence each of them in their daily lives. Known for their clear explanation of theory, the authors challenge their students to apply the theoretical concepts that they have learned throughout the book. Through vivid and current examples, a lively and jargon-free writing style, and a complete collection of study aids both in the text and on the web site, Viotti and Kauppi have created an exciting text that students will both read and relate to.
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Geopolitik

zwischen Wissenschaft und Kunstlehre

Author: Andrea K. Riemer,Heinz Nissel,Friedrich W. Korkisch

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 422

View: 7909

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International Relations

Conflict and Cooperation at the Turn of the 21st Century

Author: Conway W. Henderson

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 520

View: 652

This text is a distinctly post-Cold War learning tool that will help make sense of the rapid changes now taking place in international relations. The author's goal is to contribute to an understanding of a world more willing to abide by rules and norms, especially as expressed in international law, and a world shifting to an emphasis on the "soft power" of economic influence rather than relying on the "hard power" of military force. While this text is cautiously optimistic about humankind's future as we enter the 21st century, it warns about continuing turbulence caused by terrorism, rogue states, intense trade competition, ethnic conflict, and the antogonism between rich and poor states. The chapters are tied together with an overarching theme that argues the world is moving from an international anarchy based on fear and military power to the early stages of an international society comprised of multiple actors cooperating to solve problems they handle on their own.
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Fanaroff and Martin's Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine

Diseases of the Fetus and Infant

Author: Richard J. Martin,Avroy A. Fanaroff,Michele C. Walsh

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323295371

Category: Medical

Page: 1936

View: 2232

Tackle your toughest challenges and improve the quality of life and long-term outcomes of your patients with authoritative guidance from Fanaroff and Martin s Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine. Drs. Richard J. Martin, Avroy A. Fanaroff, and Michele C. Walsh and a contributing team of leading experts in the field deliver a multi-disciplinary approach to the management and evidence-based treatment of problems in the mother, fetus and neonate. New chapters, expanded and updated coverage, increased worldwide perspectives, and many new contributors keep you current on the late preterm infant, the fetal origins of adult disease, neonatal anemia, genetic disorders, and more. "...a valuable reference book and a pleasure to read." Reviewed by BACCH Newsletter, Mar 2015 Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Be certain with expert, dependable, accurate answers for every stage of your career from the most comprehensive, multi-disciplinary text in the field! See nuance and detail in full-color illustrations that depict disorders in the clinical setting and explain complex information. Obtain more global perspectives and best practices with contributions from international leaders in the field of neonatal-perinatal medicine. Get comprehensive guidance on treating patients through a dual focus on neonatology and perinatology. Spot genetic problems early and advise parents of concerns, with a completely new section on this topic. Make informed clinical choices for each patient, from diagnosis and treatment selection through post-treatment strategies and management of complications, with new evidence-based criteria throughout. Stay at the forefront of your field thanks to new and completely revised chapters covering topics such as: Principles and Practice l Immune and Non-immune Hydrops Fetalis l Amniotic Fluid Volume l Enhancing Safe Prescribing in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit l Role of Imaging in Neurodevelopmental Outcomes of High-Risk Neonates l Patent Ductus Arteriosus l Gastroesophageal Reflux and Gastroesophageal Reflux Diseases in the Neonate. Find and grasp the information you need easily and rapidly with indexing that provides quick access to specific guidance.
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