Sugar Confectionery and Chocolate Manufacture

Author: R. Lees

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146841495X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 380

View: 6360

The authors had five objectives in preparing this book: (i) to bring together relevant information on many raw materials used in the manufacture of sweets and chocolate; (ii) to describe the principles involved and to relate them to production with maximum economy but maintaining high quality; (iii) to describe both traditional and modern production processes, in par ticular those continuous methods which are finding increasing application; (iv) to give basic recipes and methods, set out in a form for easy reference, for producing a large variety of sweets, and capable of easy modification to suit the raw materials and plant available; (v) to explain the elementary calculations most likely to be required. The various check lists and charts, showing the more likely faults and how to eliminate them, reflect the fact that art still plays no small part in this industry. To help users all over the world, whatever units they employ, most for mulations are given in parts by weight, but tables of conversion factors are provided at the end of the book. There also will be found a collection of other general reference data in tabular form; while the Glossary explains a number of technical terms, many of them peculiar to the industry.
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The Science of Sugar Confectionery

Author: William P Edwards

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782626093

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 3449

Confectionery is a topic close to many people's hearts and its manufacture involves some interesting science. The confectionery industry is divided into three classes: chocolate, flour and sugar confectionery. It is the background science of this latter category that is covered in The Science of Sugar Confectionery. The manufacture of confectionery is not a science based industry, as these products have traditionally been created by skilled confectioners working empirically. In fact, scientific understanding of the production process has only been acquired retroactively. Historically however, sugar confectionery has had technological synergies with the pharmaceutical industry, such as making sugar tablets and applying panned sugar coatings. This book gives an introduction to the subject, with some basic definitions and commonly used ingredients and then moves on to discuss the chemistry of various types of sugar confectionery. These include "sugar glasses" (boiled sweets), "grained sugar products" (fondants), toffees and fudges, "hydrocolloids" (gums, pastilles and jellies) and concludes with a chapter dedicated to sugar-free confectionery.
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Confectionery and Chocolate Engineering

Principles and Applications

Author: Ferenc A. Mohos

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444396196

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 712

View: 7682

Confectionery and chocolate manufacture has been dominated by large-scale industrial processing for several decades. It is often the case, though, that a trial and error approach is applied to the development of new products and processes, rather than verified scientific principles. The purpose of this book is to describe the features of unit operations used in confectionary manufacturing. In contrast to the common technology-focused approach to this subject, this volume offers a scientific, theoretical account of confectionery manufacture, building on the scientific background of chemical engineering. The large diversity of both raw materials and end products in the confectionery industry makes it beneficial to approach the subject in this way. The industry deals with a variety of vegetable based raw materials as well as milk products, eggs, gelatin, and other animal-based raw materials. A study of confectionery and chocolate engineering must therefore examine the physical and chemical, as well as the biochemical and microbiological properties of the processed materials. By characterizing the unit operations of confectionery manufacture the author, who has over 40 years’ experience in confectionery manufacture, aims to open up new possibilities for improvement relating to increased efficiency of operations, the use of new materials, and new applications for traditional raw materials. The book is aimed at food engineers, scientists, technologists in research and industry, as well as graduate students on relevant food and chemical engineering-related courses.
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Sugar Confectionery Manufacture

Author: E.B. Jackson

Publisher: Boom Koninklijke Uitgevers

ISBN: 9780834212978

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 8148

Following the great success of the first edition, this thoroughly revised and updated volume continues to provide a highly practical and comprehensive review of the sugar confectionery manufacturing industry. The authors, who are internationally recognized experts in their fields, draw on many years experience in providing a digestible account. Divided into sections covering the production and properties of raw materials, manufacturing processes, and other technical aspects of the subject, many of the original chapters have been totally rewritten and reorganized to reflect today's market.
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Confectionery Science and Technology

Author: Richard W. Hartel,Joachim H. von Elbe,Randy Hofberger

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319617427

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 2191

This book examines both the primary ingredients and the processing technology for making candies. In the first section, the chemistry, structure, and physical properties of the primary ingredients are described, as are the characteristics of commercial ingredients. The second section explores the processing steps for each of the major sugar confectionery groups, while the third section covers chocolate and coatings. The manner in which ingredients function together to provide the desired texture and sensory properties of the product is analyzed, and chemical reactions and physical changes that occur during processing are examined. Trouble shooting and common problems are also discussed in each section. Designed as a complete reference and guide, Confectionery Science and Technology provides personnel in industry with solutions to the problems concerning the manufacture of high-quality confectionery products.
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Chocolate, Cocoa and Confectionery: Science and Technology

Author: Bernard Minifie

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401179247

Category: Science

Page: 904

View: 4020

The second edition of this book achieved worldwide recognition within the chocolate and confectionery industry. I was pressed to prepare the third edition to include modern developments in machinery, production, and packaging. This has been a formidable task and has taken longer than anticipated. Students still require, in one book, descriptions of the fundamental principles of the industry as well as an insight into modern methods. Therefore, parts of the previous edition describing basic technology have been retained, with minor alterations where necessary. With over fifty years' experience in the industry and the past eighteen years working as an author, lecturer, and consultant, I have collected a great deal of useful information. Visits to trade exhibitions and to manufacturers of raw materials and machinery in many parts of the world have been very valuable. Much research and reading have been necessary to prepare for teaching and lecturing at various colleges, seminars, and manufacturing establishments. The third edition is still mainly concerned with science, technology, and production. It is not a book of formulations, which are readily available elsewhere. Formulations without knowledge of principles lead to many errors, and recipes are given only where examples are necessary. _ Analytical methods are described only when they are not available in textbooks, of which there are many on standard methods of food analysis. Acknowledgments I am still indebted to many of the persons mentioned under "Acknowledgments" in the second edition. I am especially grateful to the following.
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Science and Technology of Enrobed and Filled Chocolate, Confectionery and Bakery Products

Author: Geoff Talbot

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1845696433

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 468

View: 4542

Enrobed and filled confectionery and bakery products, such as praline-style chocolates, confectionery bars and chocolate-coated biscuits and ice-creams, are popular with consumers. The coating and filling can negatively affect product quality and shelf-life, but with the correct product design and manufacturing technology, the characteristics of the end-product can be much improved. This book provides a comprehensive overview of quality issues affecting enrobed and filled products and strategies to enhance product quality. Part one reviews the formulation of coatings and fillings, with chapters on key topics such as chocolate manufacture, confectionery fats, compound coatings and fat and sugar-based fillings. Product design issues, such as oil, moisture and ethanol migration and chocolate and filling rheology are the focus of Part two. Shelf-life prediction and testing are also discussed. Part three then covers the latest ingredient preparation and manufacturing technology for optimum product quality. Chapters examine tempering, enrobing, chocolate panning, production of chocolate shells and deposition technology. With its experienced team of authors, Science and technology of enrobed and filled chocolate, confectionery and bakery products is an essential purchase for professionals in the chocolate, confectionery and bakery industries. Provides a comprehensive review of quality issues affecting enrobed and filled products Reviews the formulation of coatings and fillings, addressing confectionery fats, compound coatings and sugar based fillings Focuses on product design issues such as oil, moisture and chocolate filling rheology
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Beckett's Industrial Chocolate Manufacture and Use

Author: Steve T. Beckett,Mark S. Fowler,Gregory R. Ziegler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118780140

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 9668

Revised edition of: Industrial chocolate manufacture and use / edited by Stephen T. Beckett. 2009.
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Chocolates and Confections: Formula, Theory, and Technique for the Artisan Confectioner, 2nd Edition

Second Edition

Author: Peter P. Greweling,The Culinary Institute of America (CIA)

Publisher: Wiley Global Education

ISBN: 1118764870

Category: Cooking

Page: 544

View: 401

Chocolates & Confections, 2e offers a complete and thorough explanation of the ingredients, theories, techniques, and formulas needed to create every kind of chocolate and confection.Ê It is beautifully illustrated with 250 full-color photographs of ingredients, step-by-step techniques, and finished chocolates and confections.Ê From truffles, hard candies, brittles, toffee, caramels, and taffy to butter ganache confections, fondants, fudges, gummies, candied fruit, marshmallows, divinity, nougat, marzipan, gianduja, and rochers, Chocolates & Confections 2e offers the tools and techniques for professional mastery.
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Chocolate Science and Technology

Author: Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118913760

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 1553

This second edition provides information on recent advances in the science and technology of chocolate manufacture and the entire international cocoa industry. It provides detailed review on a wide range of topics including cocoa production, cocoa and chocolate manufacturing operations, sensory perception of chocolate quality, flavour release and perception, sugar replacement and alternative sweetening solutions in chocolate production, industrial manufacture of sugar-free chocolates as well as the nutrition and health benefits of cocoa and chocolate consumption. The topics cover modern cocoa cultivation and production practices with special attention on cocoa bean composition, genotypic variations in the bean, post-harvest pre-treatments, fermentation and drying processes, and the biochemical basis of these operations. The scientific principles behind industrial chocolate manufacture are outlined with detailed explanations of the various stages of chocolate manufacturing including mixing, refining, conching and tempering. Other topics covered include the chemistry of flavour formation and development during cocoa processing and chocolate manufacture; volatile flavour compounds and their characteristics and identification; sensory descriptions and character; and flavour release and perception in chocolate. The nutritional and health benefits of cocoa and chocolate consumption as well as the application of HACCP and other food safety management systems such as ISO 22,000 in the chocolate processing industry are also addressed. Additionally, detailed research on the influence of different raw materials and processing operations on the flavour and other quality characteristics of chocolates have been provided with scope for process optimization and improvement. The book is intended to be a desk reference for all those engaged in the business of making and using chocolate worldwide; confectionery and chocolate scientists in industry and academia; students and practising food scientists and technologists; nutritionists and other health professionals; and libraries of institutions where agriculture, food science and nutrition is studied and researched.
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The Science of Chocolate

Author: Stephen T Beckett

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 178262595X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 250

View: 5898

The second edition of this international best seller has been fully revised and updated describing the complete chocolate making process, from the growing of the beans to the sale in the shops. The Science of Chocolate takes the reader on the journey of chocolate, to discover how confectionery is made and the way in which basic science plays a vital role. The second edition contains new chapters, covering topics which include nutrition - why chocolate is good for you - how to stop it melting in hot countries and possible methods of putting bubble inside a chocolate bar. This book will appeal to those with a fascination for chocolate and will be of specialist interest to those studying food sciences and working in the confectionery industry. A series of experiments, which can be adapted to suit students, are included to demonstrate the physical, chemical and mathematical principles involved.
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Chocolate Wars

The 150-Year Rivalry Between the World's Greatest Chocolate Makers

Author: Deborah Cadbury

Publisher: PublicAffairs

ISBN: 1586489259

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 2175

With a cast of characters that wouldn't be out of place in a Victorian novel, Chocolate Wars tells the story of the great chocolatier dynasties, through the prism of the Cadburys. Chocolate was consumed unrefined and unprocessed as a rather bitter, fatty drink for the wealthy elite until the late 19th century, when the Swiss discovered a way to blend it with milk and unleashed a product that would conquer every market in the world. Thereafter, one of the great global business rivalries unfolded as each chocolate maker attempted to dominate its domestic market and innovate new recipes for chocolate that would set it apart from its rivals. The contest was full of dramatic contradictions: The Cadburys were austere Quakers who found themselves making millions from an indulgent product; Kitty Hershey could hardly have been more flamboyant yet her husband was moved by the Cadburys tradition of philanthropy. Each was a product of their unique time and place yet they shared one thing: they want to make the best chocolate in the world.
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Confectionery Fats Handbook

Properties, Production and Application

Author: Ralph E. Timms

Publisher: Woodhead Pub Limited

ISBN: 9780953194940

Category: Cooking

Page: 441

View: 872

Fat is the most expensive component in confectionery such as chocolate. It may comprise of cocoa butter, milk fat, palm oil, lauric oil, exotic fats, etc. This new handbook, with a large number of figures and tables, provides a comprehensive guide to all aspects of confectionery fats, with particular emphasis on the later. Unlike sugar confectionery, chocolate is a fat-continuous product and the sugar, like the other non-fat components, is merely mixed with the fat rather than melted/boiled. The properties of chocolate confectionery are thus determined mainly by the fat, which comprises about 26-35% in a typical chocolate formulation. The book describes the essential physical chemistry needed to understand the properties of confectionery fats, analytical methods, raw materials, the production and properties of confectionery fats, and their application in sugar and chocolate confectionery. It concludes with consideration of legislation and regulatory aspects of producing confectionery and of using milk fat, cocoa butter and alternative fats together with a chapter on analytical methods for detecting and quantifying confectionery fats. Finally, four appendixes provide: a glossary of terms and abbreviations used; details of confectionery fat manufacturers; details of confectionary fat products produced by these manufacturers; and a list of websites from other relevant organizations that the reader may find useful.
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Making Artisan Chocolates

Author: Andrew Garrison Shotts

Publisher: Quarry Books

ISBN: 1616734957

Category: Cooking

Page: 176

View: 1487

Forget milk chocolate molded into childish candy bars. Today's chocolate candies use chocolates with high cocoa content and less sugar then previously available and are molded into highly decorated pieces of art. Once only accessible to pastry chefs and candy makers, home cooks can now purchase high-end domestic and imported chocolates in their local specialty stores. The recent availability of bittersweet chocolates coupled with our access to a global food market and unique ingredients has created an increased interest in artisanal chocolates. Drew Shotts has been at the forefront of this renaissance because of his daring use of unique flavor combinations not typically associated with chocolates, such as chili peppers, maple syrup, and spiced chai tea. Making Artisan Chocolates shows readers how to recreate Drew's unexpected flavors at home through the use of herbs, flowers, chilies, spices, vegetables, fruits, dairies and liquors.
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Refined Tastes

Sugar, Confectionery, and Consumers in Nineteenth-Century America

Author: Wendy A. Woloson

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801877186

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 9417

Woloson's work offers a vivid account of this social transformation—along with the emergence of consumer culture in America.
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Cocoa Butter and Related Compounds

Author: Nissim Garti,Neil R. Widlak

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 012804344X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 540

View: 783

This book covers the progress of the last 10 years of studies on cocoa butter. Descriptions of several aspects, including physical characteristics such as rheology, hardness, melt profiles, etc., studied by new and advanced techniques are included. Similarly, the polymorphism of cocoa butter is reconsidered in light of studies done by synchrotron DSC, FTIR, and SAXS techniques. These data are complemented by new understandings on the cause of the crystallization and transitions of the polymorphs. Other aspects such as the effect of minor components, emulsifiers, and other fats are discussed in great detail in this book. Brings together all that is known about cocoa butter into one book Describes physical characteristics of cocoa butter including rheology, hardness, and melt profiles Reconsiders polymorphism of cocoa butter in light of recent studies by various analytical techniques Presents new understandings on the cause of crystallization and transitions of polymorphs
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