Sublime Dreams of Living Machines

Author: Minsoo Kang

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674049357

Category: History

Page: 374

View: 918

Kang’s central contention is that the automaton, a machine that can move by itself (better known today as the robot), is one of the essential ideas with which people in the West have pondered the very nature of humanity itself. In Kang’s telling, automata are mirrors of the ideas, fears, and anxieties of a given era, in that attitudes towards the machines have always been indicative of a moment’s zeitgeist. The book is historically sweeping, but not comprehensive; the focus is on what Kang takes to be key changes in the representations of and responses to automata. His main interest is on how Europeans in different periods of the past thought about the very notion of a self-moving machine that acted as if it were alive and how they used it for various symbolic and intellectual purposes.

The Bronze Object in the Middle Ages

Author: Ittai Weinryb

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107123615

Category: Art

Page: 305

View: 702

This is a path-breaking contribution to the study of medieval metalwork and to the broader re-evaluation of medieval art.

Androids and Intelligent Networks in Early Modern Literature and Culture

Artificial Slaves

Author: Kevin LaGrandeur

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415631211

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 207

View: 5809

Awarded a 2014 Science Fiction and Technoculture Studies Prize Honourable Mention. This book explores the creation and use of artificially made humanoid servants and servant networks by fictional and non-fictional scientists of the early modern period. Beginning with an investigation of the roots of artificial servants, humanoids, and automata from earlier times, LaGrandeur traces how these literary representations coincide with a surging interest in automata and experimentation, and how they blend with the magical science that preceded the empirical era. In the instances that this book considers, the idea of the artificial factotum is connected with an emotional paradox: the joy of self-enhancement is counterpoised with the anxiety of self-displacement that comes with distribution of agency.In this way, the older accounts of creating artificial slaves are accounts of modernity in the making—a modernity characterized by the project of extending the self and its powers, in which the vision of the extended self is fundamentally inseparable from the vision of an attenuated self. This book discusses the idea that fictional, artificial servants embody at once the ambitions of the scientific wizards who make them and society's perception of the dangers of those ambitions, and represent the cultural fears triggered by independent, experimental thinkers—the type of thinkers from whom our modern cyberneticists descend.

The 1668

The Year of the Animal in France

Author: Peter Sahlins

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 1935408992

Category: History

Page: 492

View: 4254

Peter Sahlins's brilliant new book reveals the remarkable and understudied "animal moment" in and around 1668 in which authors (including La Fontaine, whose Fables appeared in that year), anatomists, painters, sculptors, and especially the young Louis XIV turned their attention to nonhuman beings. At the center of the Year of the Animal was the Royal Menagerie in the gardens of Versailles, dominated by exotic and graceful birds. In the unfolding of his original and sophisticated argument, Sahlins shows how the animal bodies of the menagerie and others were critical to a dramatic rethinking of governance, nature, and the human. The animals of 1668 helped to shift an entire worldview in France -- what Sahlins calls Renaissance humanimalism toward more modern expressions of classical naturalism and mechanism. In the wake of 1668 came the debasement of animals and the strengthening of human animality, including in Descartes's animal-machine, highly contested during the Year of the Animal. At the same time, Louis XIV and his intellectual servants used the animals of Versailles to develop and then to transform the symbolic language of French absolutism. Louis XIV came to adopt a model of sovereignty after 1668 in which his absolute authority is represented in manifold ways with the bodies of animals and justified by the bestial nature of his human subjects. 1668 explores and reproduces the king's animal collections -- in printed text, weaving, poetry, and engraving, all seen from a unique interdisciplinary perspective. Sahlins brings the animals of 1668 together and to life as he observes them critically in their native habitats -- within the animal palace itself by Louis Le Vau, the paintings and tapestries of Charles Le Brun, the garden installations of André Le Nôtre, the literary work of Charles Perrault and the natural history of his brother Claude, the poetry of Madeleine de Scudéry, the philosophy of René Descartes, the engravings of Sébastien Leclerc, the transfusion experiments of Jean Denis, and others. The author joins the nonhuman and human agents of 1668 -- panthers and painters, swans and scientists, weasels and weavers -- in a learned and sophisticated treatment that will engage scholars and students of early modern France and Europe and readers broadly interested in the subject of animals in human history.

The Story of Hong Gildong

Author: N.A

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0698406613

Category: Fiction

Page: 128

View: 3918

A new, definitive translation of the quintessential Korean classic: the Robin Hood story of a magical boy who joins a group of robber bandits and becomes a king *Selected as a Best Book of the Year by NPR and The Washington Post* The Story of Hong Gildong is arguably the single most important work of classic Korean fiction. A fantastic story of adventure, it has been adapted into countless movies, television shows, novels, and comics in Korea. Until now, the earliest and fullest text of this incredible fable has been inaccessible to English readers. Hong Gildong, the brilliant but illegitimate son of a noble government minister, cannot advance in society due to his second-class status, so he leaves home and becomes the leader of a band of outlaws. On the way to building his own empire and gaining acceptance from his family, Hong Gildong vanquishes assassins, battles monsters, and conquers kingdoms. Minsoo Kang’s expressive and lively new translation finally makes the authoritative text of this premodern tale available in English, reintroducing a noble and righteous outlaw and sharing a beloved hallmark of Korean culture. "Hong Gildong is an iconic figure in the Korean literary canon...He's the mythic center of a sometimes-delightful, sometimes-unsettling tale, and it's time the Western world gets to know him." —NPR "[A] marvel-filled swashbuckler...Besides being half fairy tale, half social protest novel, The Story of Hong Gildong possesses a profound resonance for modern Koreans." —Michael Dirda, The Washington Post For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines. Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up-to-date translations by award-winning translators.

Homo sapiens.

Leben im 21. Jahrhundert. Was bleibt vom Menschen?

Author: Ray Kurzweil

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783548750262


Page: 509

View: 4613


Die Nacht

Erinnerung und Zeugnis

Author: Elie Wiesel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783451060144


Page: 157

View: 7996


Three Songs, three Singers, three Nations

Amerika in drei Liedern

Author: Greil Marcus

Publisher: Verlag Wilhelm Fink

ISBN: 3846760838

Category: Music

Page: 152

View: 1887

In seinem neuesten Buch entlarvt Marcus drei "gewöhnliche" amerikanische Songs als grundlegende Dokumente amerikanischer Identität: Bascom Lamar Lunsfords "I Wish I Was a Mole in the Ground" (1928), Geeshie Wileys "Last Kind Words Blues" (1930) und Bob Dylans "Ballad of Hollis Brown" (1964). Die Art und Weise, auf die jeder dieser Songs den unheimlichen Eindruck erweckt, er sei von niemandem geschrieben worden, erhellt unterschiedliche Aspekte der Tradition des "gewöhnlichen" Songs. Manche sind im Laufe der Zeit ohne einen identifizierbaren Urheber entstanden. Andere beziehen ihre Melodien und Motive aus obskuren Quellen, nehmen aber in den Händen eines bestimmten Künstlers eine endgültige, unvergessliche Gestalt an. Und, wie im Fall von Bob Dylans "Hollis Brown", gibt es Songs, die von einem identifizierbaren Autor stammen, aber wirken wie Folksongs, die schon seit Generationen weitergereicht worden sind. So trägt jeder dieser Songs Amerikas Geschichte, seine Menschen in sich, auch in ihrer Rolle als Zuhörer.

Der Aufstand

Über Poesie und Finanzwirtschaft

Author: Franco Berardi

Publisher: Matthes & Seitz Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 395757126X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 187

View: 4376

Wie lässt sich ein Wirtschaftssystem erklären, in dem Geld durch Geld erzeugt wird? Angesichts eines Informationskapitalismus, in dem Warenproduktion und körperliche Arbeit nur noch als Reminiszenz an alte Zeiten mitgeschleppt werden, zeigt der italienische Philosoph "Bifo" Berardi, dass wir es mit einem System zu tun haben, das vor hundert Jahren bereits von Dichtern wie Mallarmé antizipiert wurde: Der Signifikant hat den Bezug zu seinem Referenten verloren, "Schulden sind ein bloßer Akt der Sprache, ein Versprechen." Daher müssen wir zunächst lernen, die Zeichen zu lesen, sie so zu interpretieren, wie man Poesie interpretiert. Der Akt der Interpretation lehrt uns Empathie, er ist der erste Schritt zu einer neuen Solidarität, die den "erotischen Körper des gesellschaftlichen Lebens" reaktivieren kann.Ausgehend von der Finanzkrise 2008 und dem europäischen Kollaps dekonstruiert Berardi die Sprache und die Mythen des Neoliberalismus und ruft zu einer Revolution der Langsamkeit und des Rückzugs auf, mit der wir den Niedergang nicht zu fürchten brauchen.


Author: Martin Heidegger

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 9783608910865


Page: 1154

View: 5631


Die technologische Singularität

Author: Murray Shanahan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783957574404

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 8339

›Technologische Singularität‹ bezeichnet den Zeitpunkt, an dem von künstlicher Intelligenz gesteuerte Maschinen sich fortlaufend selbst so zu verbessern imstande sind, dass sie sich der Beherrschung durch Menschenhand entziehen. Der Robotikspezialist Murray Shanahan beschreibt die unterschiedlichen derzeit weltweit vorangetriebenen technologischen Entwicklungen, die zu einem solchen Ereignis führen können. Er führt auf verständliche Weise in die komplexen Forschungen ein, die unsere nächste Zukunft verändern werden. Aus der Perspektive eines Praktikers beschäftigt er sich mit der Frage, ob künstliche Intelligenz über Bewusstsein verfügen kann, und entwickelt moralische Ansätze zu einem verantwortlichen Umgang mit dieser zumeist als Katastrophenszenario gezeichneten Zukunftsfantasie.

L' homme-plante

Author: Julien Offray de La Mettrie

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783897396067


Page: 67

View: 8568


Renaissance der Utopie

Zukunftsfiguren des 21. Jahrhunderts

Author: Rudolf Maresch

Publisher: N.A


Category: Utopias

Page: 254

View: 3425


Der Bär

Geschichte eines gestürzten Königs

Author: Michel Pastoureau,Sabine Çorlu

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783939062097


Page: 383

View: 6550


Gezählte Zeit

wie die mechanische Uhr das Leben veränderte

Author: Carlo M. Cipolla

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783803126658


Page: 140

View: 4603